Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : Meningite [Descritor de assunto] OR Mening$ [Palavras]
Referências encontradas : 5189 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 519 ir para página                         

  1 / 5189 LILACS  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
d: biblio-904937 LILACS-Express
Autor: Gonzalez, Greyla(red); Rivas, Aura(red); Navas, Rafael(red).
Título: Validación de la escala de Valgado para el diagnóstico de meningitis en niños
Fonte: Bol. venez. infectol;28(2):101-108, jul-dic 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: En los últimos años se han desarrollado múltiples escalas con el fin de establecer parámetros objetivos, basados en las características del líquido cefalorraquídeo que faciliten el diagnóstico diferencial entre meningitis bacteriana (MB) y aseptica (MA) y la consecuente decisión de iniciar o no antibióticos. Objetivos: Validar una escala predictiva para el diagnóstico de MA y MB en los pacientes pediátricos mayores de 30 días de vida y menores de 12 años. Métodos: Se revisaron de forma retrospectiva los estudios de líquido cefalorraquídeo de 69 historias de pacientes pediátricos, los cuales cumplieron con las definiciones establecidas, criterios de inclusión y ningún criterio de exclusión. Se asignó el puntaje según la Escala de Valgado, y se manejaron los datos usando EpiInfo SPSS y Epidat. Resultados: Los parámetros de la escala, mostraron una sensibilidad de 100 % (IC 95 %: 95,8-100 %); especificidad de 94,7 % (IC 95 %: 88,1-100 %). Se obtuvo un valor predictivo positivo de 80 % (IC 95 %: 56,4-100 %) y un valor predictivo negativo de 100 % (IC 95 %: 99,1-100 %). La razón de verosimilitud positiva fue de 19 (I.C 95 %: 6,3-57,2 %) y la negativa fue de 0; el test de KAPPA obtuvo un valor de 0,86. Conclusión: La escala clínica predictiva de Valgado resultó ser una herramienta válida, en vista de sus altos niveles de sensibilidad y especificidad; segura, por sus elevados valores de predictividad; eficiente, en vista de sus aceptables índices de eficiencia pronóstica; y reproducible en vista de los niveles de concordancia mostrados.

Introduction: In recent years, multiple scales have been developed in order to establish objective parameters, based on the characteristics of the cerebrospinal fluid that facilitate the differential diagnosis between bacterial meningitis (BM) and aseptic (AM) and the consequent decision to initiate or not antibiotics. Objectives: Validate a predictive scale for the diagnosis of am and bm in pediatric patients older than 30 days of age and younger than 12 years. Methods: The cerebrospinal fluid caractheristics of 69 pediatric patients were retrospectively reviewed by using their medical records. all of them, met the established definitions, inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria. the score was assigned according to the valgado scale, and the data were handled using epiinfo spss and epidat. Results: Scale parameters showed a sensitivity of 100 % (95 % ci: 95.8-100 %); specificity of 94.7 % (95 % ci: 88.1-100 %). a positive predictive value of 80 % (95 % ci: 56.4-100 %) and a negative predictive value of 100 % (95 % ci: 99.1-100 %) were obtained. the positive likelihood ratio was 19 (95 % ci: 6.3-57.2 %) and negative was 0. kappa test obtained a value of 0.86. Conclusion: The predictive clinical valgado scale proved to be a valid tool in view of its high levels of sensitivity and specificity; safe, because of its high values of predictivity; efficient, in view of its acceptable predictive efficiency indices; and reproducible in view of the levels of concordance shown.
Responsável: VE103


  2 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
d: biblio-904694 LILACS-Express
Autor: Uribe-Ocampo, Alejandra; Correa-Pérez, Sara; Rodríguez-Padilla, Libia María; Barrientos-Gómez, Juan Guillermo; Orozco-Forero, Juan Pablo.
Título: Características clínicas, epidemiológicas y manejo terapéutico de la meningitis pediátrica en dos instituciones de Medellín, Colombia / Clinical, epidemiological characteristics and therapeutic management of pediatric meningitis in two institutions of Medellin, Colombia
Fonte: Univ. salud;20(2):121-130, mayo-ago. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: La meningitis es una emergencia médica que requiere diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno para evitar complicaciones. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas, epidemiológicas y el manejo terapéutico de meningitis en la primera infancia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal que evaluó menores hasta los seis años de edad con meningitis bacteriana o aséptica en dos centros de Medellín, 2010 - 2013. Se recolectaron características clínicas, paraclínicas y terapéuticas. Las variables cualitativas se describieron mediante frecuencias absolutas y relativas y las cuantitativas con mediana y rango intercuartílico. Se exploró diferencias en las características de los pacientes según grupo de edad, mediante la prueba Chi-cuadrado o Fisher. Resultados: De 56 pacientes, 33 (58,9%) eran del sexo masculino; 26 (46,4%) presentaron meningitis bacteriana, 20 (35,7%) aséptica y 10 (17,9%) indeterminada; 36 (64,3%) fueron mayores de dos meses, con manifestaciones clínicas inespecíficas (fiebre e irritabilidad). Se aislaron principalmente microorganismos Gram negativos en hemocultivos y Gram positivos en líquido cefalorraquídeo. El tratamiento antibiótico más frecuente fue cefalosporinas de tercera-generación en 13 (65%) menores de 2 meses y 28 (77,8%) mayores. Fallecieron dos pacientes y seis presentaron complicaciones. Conclusiones: la meningitis bacteriana fue la más frecuente en menores de un año. El tratamiento combinado es ideal para garantizar un adecuado cubrimiento y evitar complicaciones.

Abstract Introduction: Meningitis is a medical emergency that requires early diagnosis and treatment to avoid complications. Objective: To determine the clinical, epidemiological characteristics and therapeutic management of meningitis in early childhood. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study, which evaluated children up to six years old with bacterial or aseptic meningitis from 2010 to 2013, was conducted in two centers in Medellin. Clinical, paraclinical and therapeutic characteristics were collected. The qualitative variables were described by absolute and relative frequencies, and the quantitative ones with median and interquartile range. Differences in patient characteristics according to age group were explored, using the Chi-square or Fisher test. Results: From the 56 patients studied, 33 (58.9%) were male; 26 (46.4%) showed bacterial meningitis, 20 (35.7%) aseptic one and 10 (17.9%) indeterminate one; 36 (64.3%) were older than two months, with non-specific clinical manifestations (fever and irritability). Gram-negative microorganisms were mainly isolated in blood cultures and Gram positive in cerebrospinal fluid. The most common antibiotic treatment was third-generation cephalosporins in 13 (65%) children who were less than 2 months and 28 (77.8%) in older ones. Two patients died and six children presented complications. Conclusions: Bacterial meningitis was the most frequent in children under one year old. Combined treatment is ideal to ensure adequate coverage and avoid complications.
Responsável: CO304.1 - Biblioteca Arturo Aparicio Jaramillo


  3 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
d: biblio-904076 LILACS-Express
Autor: Campos Paiva, Aline Lariessy; Vitorino Araujo, João Luiz; Ferraz, Vinícius Ricieri; Esteves Veiga, José Carlos.
Título: Simultaneous meningioma and brain metastasis from renal cell carcinoma - a rare presentation. Case report / Meningioma e metástase cerebral de carcinoma de células renais simultâneos - uma apresentação rara. Relato de caso
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;135(3):296-301, May-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Brain metastases are the most common tumors of the central nervous system. Because of their high frequency, they may be associated with rare situations. Among these are tumor-to-tumor metastasis and an even a rarer situation called simultaneous brain tumors, which are more related to primary tumors of the reproductive and endocrine systems. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old male patient with a history of renal cell carcinoma (which had previously been resected) presented with a ventricular lesion (suggestive of metastatic origin) and simultaneous olfactory groove lesion (probably a meningioma). First, only the ventricular lesion was dealt with, but after a year, the meningothelial lesion increased and an occipital lesion appeared. Therefore, both of these were resected in a single operation. All the procedures were performed by the same neurosurgeon. The patient evolved without neurological deficits during the postoperative period. After these two interventions, the patient remained well and was referred for adjuvant treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first description of an association between these two tumors. Brain metastases may be associated with several lesions, and rare presentations such as simultaneity with meningioma should alert neurosurgeons to provide the best oncological treatment.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: As metástases cerebrais são os tumores mais comuns do sistema nervoso central e, devido à sua elevada frequência, podem estar associadas a situações raras. Entre estas estão as "tumor to tumor metastasis" e uma situação ainda mais rara chamada de tumores cerebrais simultâneos, mais relacionados a tumores primários dos sistemas endocrinológico e reprodutivo. RELATO DE CASO: Um homem de 56 anos com histórico de câncer de células renais (extirpado previamente) apresentou-se com lesão ventricular (sugestiva de origem metastática) e simultaneamente com uma lesão em topografia de goteira olfatória (provavelmente meningioma). Primeiramente, apenas a lesão ventricular foi abordada, porém após um ano, a lesão meningotelial aumentou e uma lesão occipital apareceu e então ambas foram ressecadas em uma única cirurgia. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados pelo mesmo neurocirurgião. O paciente evoluiu sem déficits neurológicos no período pós-operatório. Após essas duas intervenções, o paciente permaneceu bem, sendo encaminhado para tratamento adjuvante. CONCLUSÕES: O presente trabalho é a primeira descrição da associação encontrada entre esses dois tumores. As metástases cerebrais podem associar-se a várias lesões, e manifestações raras, tais como apresentação simultânea com meningioma, devem alertar o neurocirurgião a fornecer o melhor tratamento oncológico.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
Texto completo
d: biblio-903831 LILACS-Express
Autor: Vázquez, Mirella; Cravioto, Patricia; Galván, Fernando; Guarneros, Diana; Pastor, Víctor Hugo.
Título: Varicela y herpes zóster: retos para la salud pública / Varicella and herpes zoster: challenges for public health
Fonte: Salud pública Méx;59(6):650-656, nov.-dic. 2017. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen: Objetivo: Evaluar el comportamiento epidemiológico de la varicela y el herpes zoster (HZ) para determinar políticas de salud y disminuir prevalencia y complicaciones. Material y métodos: La frecuencia de casos se estimó con datos del Sistema Único de Información para la Vigilancia Epidemiológica (SUIVE), periodo 2000-2013; para los egresos hospitalarios de varicela y HZ, se utilizaron datos del Sistema Nacional de Información en Salud (Sinais). Resultados: El promedio de casos de varicela anual fue 296 733, 57% menores de 9 años, la mayoría de marzo a mayo; de 2004 a 2012 los egresos hospitalarios de varicela fueron 17 398, de ellos 4.6% presentó meningoecefalitis, 2.5% neumonía y 18% otras complicaciones. Por herpes zoster 7 042 egresos, más afectados de 65 años o más, 1.3:1 la relación mujer:hombre. Las complicaciones: neuralgia (11%), afección ocular (7%), meningoencefalitis (5.4%), enfermedad diseminada (2.8%) y otras (5.4%); estancia hospitalaria entre 6.4 a 13.3 días. Conclusiones: Los datos coinciden con los de la literatura de otros países. Se discute el papel de la vacunación en la prevención de la infección en niños y adultos.

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the epidemiological behavior of varicella and herpes zoster (HZ) to determine the need of health policies to diminish prevalence and avoid complications. Materials and methods: To assess frequency, we analyzed data from the National Information System for Epidemiological Surveillance (SUIVE) from 2000 to 2013; to assess the discharge data of varicella and HZ, we evaluated information from the National System of health information (Sinais). Results: The average annual cases of chickenpox were 296 733, 57% mostly children under 9 years, most of them from March to May. From 2004 to 2012 hospital discharge of varicella were 17 398, of which 4.6% had meningoecephalitis, 2.5% pneumonia and 18% other complications. For herpes zoster 7 042 discharges, mostly affected were patients 65 years or older, 1.3:1 the woman-man relationship. Main complications were: neuralgia (11%), eye involvement (7%), meningoencephalitis (5.4%), disseminated disease (2.8%) and others (5.4%); hospital stay was between 6.4 and 13.3 days. Conclusions: Data is consistent with that of the literature in other countries. The role of vaccination to prevent infection in children and adults is discussed.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
d: biblio-903101 LILACS-Express
Autor: Rincón, Carlos J.; Pinzón, Carlos E,; Villada, Adriana C.; Castillo, Juan S.; Reveiz, Ludovic; Elias, Vanessa; Eslava-Schmalbach, Javier.
Título: Indice compuesto de inequidad en salud para un país de mediano ingreso / Composite Index of health Inequity for a Middle Income Country
Fonte: Rev. salud pública;19(2):250-258, mar.-abr. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un índice compuesto de inequidad en salud basado en mortalidad por grupos de causas. Métodos Estudio ecológico en país de mediano ingreso latinoamericano, con indicadores agregados disponibles de municipios y departamentos, que se seleccionaron a partir de observatorios de salud, grupos de investigación y autoridades sanitarias. Se dividen en intolerables y "no completamente evitables" según el avance científico actual, y se agregan en categorías: accidente de tránsito, agresiones, enfermedad renal, infección por VIH, parasitosis intestinal, sífilis, enfermedad de transmisión fecal/oral, tuberculosis, enfermedad transmitidas por vectores, enfermedad respiratoria, eventos hemorrágicos/ isquémicos cerebrales, mortalidad materna, mortalidad menores 5 años, meningitis. Luego de análisis de componentes principales se obtiene índice compuesto multidimensional de inequidad en salud (IIS) para hombres y mujeres. Consistencia interna se evalúa mediante coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach. Se hace validación concurrente con proporción de personas en Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI), Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH), Expectativa de Vida al Nacer (EVN) entre otros. Resultados Se construye IIS que muestra valores más altos para las mujeres en la mayoría de municipios y departamentos; y para lugares con IDH alto, EVN alta y NBI bajas. El alpha de Cronbach fue 0.6688, IIS-hombres y 0.725, IIS-mujeres. Conclusiones Se obtiene IIS factible, reproducible y mutidimensional. Se destaca el papel de las grandes ciudades en las inequidades en salud, probablemente por el efecto de los intolerables en salud.

ABSTRACT Objective To develop and validate a composite index of health inequity based on mortality by grouped causes. Methods An ecological study in a middle-income Latin American country, with aggregate indicators available from municipalities and departments, which were selected from health observatories, research groups and health authorities. They were divided into intolerable and "not completely avoidable" according to current scientific progress, and were added in categories: traffic accident, aggression, kidney disease, HIV infection, intestinal parasitic diseases, syphilis, fecal / oral transmission disease, tuberculosis, disease Vector-borne diseases, respiratory disease, cerebral hemorrhagic / ischemic events, maternal mortality, lower mortality 5 years, meningitis. After analysis of main components, a composite index of health inequity (IIS) is obtained for men and women. Internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's Alpha coefficient. Concurrent validation was done with proportion of people in Unsatisfied Basic Needs (UBN), Human Development Index (HDI), Life Expectancy at Birth (LEB), among others. Results IIS is built showing higher values for women in most municipalities and departments; And for sites with high HDI, high LEB and low UBN. Cronbach's alpha was 0.6688, IIS-men and 0.725, IIS-women. Conclusions An IIS was obtained, is valid and reproducible. The role of big cities in inequities in health is highlighted, probably due to the effect of intolerable health.
Responsável: CO304.1 - Biblioteca Arturo Aparicio Jaramillo


  6 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
d: biblio-903098 LILACS-Express
Autor: Cediel-Becerra, Natalia; Alvis-Guzmán, Nelson; Moreno-Montoya, José; Vargas-Sandoval, Gina A.; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos.
Título: Priorización para el análisis de información en salud pública. Red de conocimiento del Observatorio Nacional de Salud / Prioritization for public health information analysis in Colombia. Knowledge network at the National Health Observatory
Fonte: Rev. salud pública;19(2):227-234, mar.-abr. 2017. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Objetivo Priorizar los grupos de enfermedades, población y métodos de análisis en salud pública según las preferencias de los actores de la red de conocimiento del Observatorio Nacional de Salud. Método Se utilizó el método de análisis conjunto (AC), que consiste en la construcción de un modelo factorial completo tomando una muestra aleatoria de sujetos que deben, según un orden de importancia pre-establecido, identificar las preferencias de los atributos de determinado constructo. Los actores de la red de conocimiento que participaron fueron profesionales de universidades públicas, miembros de EPS, IPS, secretarias de salud departamental, organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro enfocadas en salud, centros de investigación especializados, de alcaldías, y corporaciones. Resultados Los grupos de enfermedades prioritarios fueron: trastornos mentales y del comportamiento (13,8%), enfermedades cardiovasculares y circulatorias (13%), neoplasmas (10%) Diarrea, infecciones respiratorias, meningitis y otras enfermedades infecciosas comunes (6,7%) y deficiencias nutricionales (6,3%). Los criterios de priorización preferidos fueron la carga de enfermedad derivada y la dinámica epidemiológica del alto impacto. La información prioritaria de análisis fue la de determinantes sociales. El grupo poblacional de mayor preferencia fue la población general. Conclusiones Se evidenció que los participantes perciben como prioritarias tanto las enfermedades crónicas como infecciosas concordante con la transición epidemiológica del país. La prioridad más sentida del sistema sanitario colombiano es la construcción de capacidad del recurso humano y el fortalecimiento del sistema de vigilancia en las regiones para la toma de decisiones en salud pública.

ABSTRACT Objective To prioritize diseases, population and methods of analysis in public health according to the preferences of the stakeholders of the knowledge network of the National Health Observatory. Method The conjoint analysis methodology (AC) was used; it consists on the construction of a complete factorial model taking a random sample of subjects that must identify the preferences of the attributes of a given construct according to a pre-established order of importance. The stakeholders of the knowledge network who participated were professionals from public universities, members of health promotion entities, health provision services, health departments, non-profit health organizations, specialized research centers, mayor's offices, and corporations. Results The groups of priority diseases were mental and behavioral disorders (13.8%), cardiovascular and circulatory diseases (13%), neoplasms (10%), diarrhea, respiratory infections, meningitis and other common infectious diseases (6.7%), and nutritional deficiencies (6.3 %). The preferred prioritization criteria were the burden of disease and high-impact epidemiological dynamics. The analysis of priority information was the analysis of social determinants. The most preferred population was the general population. Conclusions Participants perceive both chronic and infectious diseases as a priority, which is consistent with the epidemiological transition of the country. The priority for the Colombian health system is to strengthen the capacity of human resources and the surveillance system in different areas to have a better decision-making process in relation to public health.
Responsável: CO304.1 - Biblioteca Arturo Aparicio Jaramillo


  7 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
Texto completo
d: biblio-902958 LILACS-Express
Autor: Castro, Juan D; Siccha, Sofía M; Egoavil, Martha; Chaparro, Eduardo; Hernandez, Roger; Silva, Wilda; Águila, Olguita Del; Saenz, Andrés; Campos, Francisco; Reyes, Isabel; Castillo, María E; Ochoa, Theresa J.
Título: Resistencia antibiótica y distribución de serotipos en cepas neumocócicas invasivas en adultos hospitalizados en Lima, Perú / Antibiotic resistance and distribution of serotypes of invasive pneumococcal strains isolated from hospitalized adults in Lima, Peru
Fonte: Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica;34(4):633-641, oct.-dic. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Objetivos. Describir las características clínicas, resistencia antibiótica y distribución de serotipos de cepas causantes de enfermedad neumocócica invasiva (ENI) en adultos. Materiales y métodos. Estudio tipo serie de casos. Se recolectaron cepas de neumococo de pacientes adultos hospitalizados con ENI en cinco hospitales nacionales y dos laboratorios de Lima durante los años 2009-2011. Resultados. Se estudiaron datos de 43 pacientes con ENI, el 58,2% fueron mayores de 60 años. Los diagnósticos fueron neumonía 39,5%, meningitis 30,2%, bacteriemia 13,9%, peritonitis 11,6%, artritis séptica 4,8%. El porcentaje de fallecidos fue 28,9%, de los cuales el 72,7% fueron mayores de 60 años. Las cepas de neumococo presentaron la siguiente resistencia: penicilina 0% en cepas no meningitis y 30,8% en cepas meningitis; ceftriaxona 4,5% y 16,7% de resistencia intermedia en cepas no meningitis y cepas meningitis respectivamente; 69% a trimetoprim/sulfametoxazol y 35,7% a eritromicina. Los serotipos más comunes fueron 19F, 23F, 6B, 14 y 6C. El porcentaje de cepas vacunales fue 44,2% para la vacuna conjugada siete-valente (PCV7) y para la PCV10, 51,2% para PCV13 y 60,4% para la vacuna polisacárida veintitrés-valente (PPV23). Conclusiones. El neumococo es un patógeno relevante en adultos, en especial en los adultos mayores, debido a su elevada mortalidad.

ABSTRACT Objectives. To describe the clinical characteristics, antibiotic resistance, and distribution of serotypes of bacterial strains that cause invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in adults. Materials and methods. Case series. Pneumococcal strains were isolated from 2009 to 2011 from hospitalized adult patients with IPD in five hospitals and two laboratories located in Lima. Results. The analysis of data from 43 patients with IPD indicated that 58.2% were older than 60 years. The most common complications were pneumonia (39.5%), meningitis (30.2%), bacteremia (13.9%), peritonitis (11.6%), and septic arthritis (4.8%). The mortality rate was 28.9%, and 72.7% of cases involved patients older than 60 years. The pneumococcal strains were resistant to the following antibiotics: penicillin, 0% and 30.8% in non-meningitis and meningitis strains, respectively; ceftriaxone, 4.5% and 16.7% in non-meningitis and meningitis strains, respectively; trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, 69.0%; and erythromycin, 35.7%. The most common serotypes were 19F, 23F, 6B, 14, and 6C. The percentage of vaccine strains was 44.2% for the 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7) and PCV10, 51.2% for PCV13, and 60.4% for the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). Conclusions. Pneumococcus is an important pathogen in adults, particularly in older adults, owing to its high mortality rate.
Responsável: PE1.1 - Oficina Universitária de Biblioteca


  8 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
Texto completo
d: biblio-902913 LILACS-Express
Autor: Lewis, George; Schweig, Maggie; Guillén-Pinto, Daniel; Rospigliosi, María Luz.
Título: Meningitis neonatal en un hospital general de Lima, Perú, 2008 al 2015 / Neonatal meningitis in a general hospital in Lima, Peru, 2008 to 2015
Fonte: Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica;34(2):233-238, abr.-jun. 2017. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Con el objetivo de describir la incidencia, características clínicas y factores asociados a la meningitis neonatal (MN) se realizó un estudio de serie de casos, del 2008 al 2015, donde se incluyeron 53 neonatos, 10 con MN de inicio temprano y 43 de inicio tardío. Se encontró una incidencia de 1,5 por mil nacidos vivos y una letalidad de 3,8%. Los factores asociados fueron fiebre periparto, infección urinaria y corioamnionitis (p<0,05). Los síntomas frecuentes fueron fiebre (84,9%), hipotonía (77,4%) e hipoactividad (73,6%). En el líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR), los casos de MN temprana presentaron una mediana de 330 leucocitos/µL y 29 mg/dL de glucosa, y en los casos de MN tardía presentaron 170 leucocitos/µL y 32 mg/dL de glucosa. Las bacterias más frecuentes fueron Listeria monocytogenes (16,9%) y Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo (11,3%). En conclusión, la incidencia fue alta en comparación con otros estudios y los factores asociados fueron los esperados.

ABSTRACT Aiming at describing the incidence, clinical characteristics and factors associated with neonatal meningitis (NM), a case series study was conducted from 2008 to 2015, where 53 neonates, 10 with early onset NM and 43 with late onset were included. An incidence of 1.5 per thousand live births and a lethality of 3.8% were found. The associated factors were peripartum fever, urinary tract infection and chorioamnionitis (P < 0.05). Frequent symptoms were fever (84.9%), hypotonia (77.4%) and hypoactivity (73.6%). In the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the cases of early NM presented a median of 330 leukocytes/µl and 29 mg/dl of glucose, and the cases of late NM presented 170 leukocytes/µl and 32 mg/dl of glucose. The most common bacteria were Listeria monocytogenes (16.9%) and negative coagulase staphylococcus (11.3%). In conclusion, the incidence was high compared to other studies and the associated factors were the expected.
Responsável: PE1.1 - Oficina Universitária de Biblioteca


  9 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
d: biblio-902871 LILACS-Express
Autor: Okumura, Lucas Miyake; Negretto, Giovanna Webster; Carvalho, Clarissa Gutiérrez.
Título: Dose não usual de varfarina para alcançar rni terapêutica em uma criança de quatro meses: fatores de risco não genéticos ainda são um desafio / Unusual warfarin dose to achieve therapeutic inr in a 4-month old child: non-genetics risk factors are still a challenge
Fonte: Rev. paul. pediatr;35(4):472-475, out.-dez. 2017. graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: RESUMO Objetivo: Descreve se uma criança do sexo feminino, com quatro meses de idade, que necessitou de varfarina 0.7 mg/kg/dia (5 mg). Discutem se os fatores de risco clinicamente relevantes para prescrição de altas doses do anticoagulante em crianças. Descrição do caso: Em novembro de 2015, uma criança de 5 kg (36 semanas, pré termo) foi admitida no pronto atendimento por status epilepticus e febre. Diazepam, fenitoína e ceftriaxona foram prescritos inicialmente. A pesquisa no líquor revelou presença de sete leucócitos, 150 mg/dL de proteínas, 1 mg/dL de glucose e cocos Gram positivos. Em tomografia de crânio, foram observados sinais hipodensos em cerebelo, lobo temporal e núcleos de base à esquerda, sugerindo vasculite infecciosa por meningite pneumocócica. Após o quadro agudo da encefalite, a criança desenvolveu uma trombose e necessitou de anticoagulação com enoxaparina e, posteriormente, com varfarina. Dez dias de tratamento com o segundo fármaco foram necessários para atingir relação normalizada internacional (RNI) terapêutica, tendo sido realizados cinco ajustes de dose desde a primeira prescrição de varfarina. Comentários: Os fatores de risco determinantes para necessidade de doses maiores de varfarina foram idade e uso de nutrição enteral. Fenobarbital e prednisona também podem ter contribuído para o uso de uma das maiores doses de varfarina já relatadas na literatura. A despeito da importância dos testes de polimorfismo genético, os pediatras devem estar atentos para identificar os fatores que contribuem para a prescrição de maiores doses de varfarina, de forma a minimizar os riscos de trombose, reduzindo os custos com internação e exames laboratoriais.

ABSTRACT Objective: To report a case of a 4-month old girl that required 0.7 mg/kg/day (5 mg) of warfarin and discuss relevant risk factors for requiring higher doses. Case Description: In November 2015, a 5 kg female infant (36-week preterm) was admitted to the hospital due to status epilepticus and fever. Diazepam, phenytoin and ceftriaxone were prescribed. Cerebrospinal fluid contained 7 leukocytes, 150 mg/dL proteins, 1 mg/dL glucose and gram positive cocci were observed. Cranial tomography suggested hypodense signs in the cerebellum, right temporal lobe and left basal nuclei, which was consistent with pneumococcal meningitis-induced infectious vasculitis. She required low molecular weight heparin and warfarin for post-encephalitis thrombosis. About 10 days were required to achieve therapeutic INR, and warfarin was adjusted five times since the initial prescription. Comments: The risk factors for higher warfarin doses were age and enteral tube feeding. Phenobarbital and prednisone might also have contributed with one of the highest warfarin dose ever reported. Despite current importance given to genetics testing, clinicians should attempt to identify common contributing factors for prolonged non-therapeutic INR, to minimize the risk of coagulation, and to reduce costs of hospital stay and laboratory exams.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 5189 LILACS  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
d: biblio-902865 LILACS-Express
Autor: Pires, Frederico Ribeiro; Franco, Andréia Christine Bonotto Farias; Gilio, Alfredo Elias; Troster, Eduardo Juan.
Título: Utilização de escore e dosagem de lactato no líquor para diagnóstico diferencial entre meningite bacteriana e meningite asséptica / Use of score and cerebrospinal fluid lactate dosage in differential diagnosis of bacterial and aseptic meningitis
Fonte: Rev. paul. pediatr;35(4):369-374, out.-dez. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o Escore para Meningite Bacteriana (EMB) isolado e associado ao valor do lactato no líquor para diferenciar meningite bacteriana (MB) e meningite asséptica (MA). Métodos: Foram selecionadas crianças com meningite atendidas em hospital terciário privado entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2014. Os dados foram obtidos na admissão. Utilizou-se o EMB com: coloração de Gram no líquor (2 pontos); neutrófilos no líquor ≥1.000 células/mm3 (1 ponto); proteína no líquor ≥80 mg/dL (1 ponto); neutrófilos no sangue periférico ≥10.000 células/mm3 (1 ponto); e convulsão durante/antes da chegada (1 ponto). Analisou-se também o lactato no líquor (elevado: ≥30 mg/dL). Avaliaram-se sensibilidade, especificidade e valor preditivo negativo de diversos valores de corte do EMB e do EMB associado ao lactato elevado para prever MB. Resultados: Dos 439 pacientes elegíveis, 94 não tinham todos os dados necessários para o escore, sendo 345 pacientes selecionados: 7 no grupo de MB e 338 no de MA. Como preditivos de MB, o EMB ≥1 mostrou sensibilidade de 100% (intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 47,3-100), especificidade de 64,2% (58,8-100) e valor preditivo negativo de 100% (97,5-100), enquanto o EMB ≥2 ou EMB ≥1 associado a lactato liquórico ≥30 mg/dL mostrou sensibilidade de 100% (47,3-100), especificidade de 98,5% (96,6-99,5) e valor preditivo negativo de 100% (98,3-100). Conclusões: O EMB com 2 pontos associado à dosagem de lactato no líquor manteve a sensibilidade e o valor preditivo negativo, ao passo que aumentou a especificidade para identificar meningites bacterianas em relação à utilização do EMB com 1 ponto.

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate Bacterial Meningitis Score (BMS) on its own and in association with Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) lactate dosage in order to distinguish bacterial from aseptic meningitis. Methods: Children diagnosed with meningitis at a tertiary hospital between January/2011 and December/2014 were selected. All data were obtained upon admission. BMS was applied and included: CSF Gram staining (2 points); CSF neutrophil count ≥1,000 cells/mm3 (1 point); CSF protein ≥80 mg/dL (1 point); peripheral blood neutrophil count ≥10,000 cells/mm3 (1 point) and seizures upon/before arrival (1 point). Cutoff value for CSF lactate was ≥30 mg/dL. Sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive value of several BMS cutoffs and BMS associated with high CSF lactate were evaluated for prediction of bacterial meningitis. Results: Among 439 eligible patients, 94 did not have all data available to complete the score, and 345 patients were included: 7 in bacterial meningitis group and 338 in aseptic meningitis group. As predictive factors of bacterial meningitis, BMS ≥1 had 100% sensitivity (95%CI 47.3-100), 64.2% specificity (58.8-100) and 100% negative predictive value (97.5-100); BMS ≥2 or BMS ≥1 associated with high CSF lactate also showed 100% sensitivity (47.3-100); but 98.5% specificity (96.6-99.5) and 100% negative predictive value (98.3-100). Conclusions: 2 point BMS in association with CSF lactate dosage had the same sensitivity and negative predictive value, with increased specificity for diagnosis of bacterial meningitis when compared with 1-point BMS.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



página 1 de 519 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde