Base de datos : MEDLINE
Búsqueda : mujeres [Palabras]
Referencias encontradas : 90967 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   en el formato [Detallado]

página 1 de 9097 va a la página                         

  1 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29297077
[Au] Autor:Purnell TS; Luo X; Cooper LA; Massie AB; Kucirka LM; Henderson ML; Gordon EJ; Crews DC; Boulware LE; Segev DL
[Ad] Dirección:Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
[Ti] Título:Association of Race and Ethnicity With Live Donor Kidney Transplantation in the United States From 1995 to 2014.
[So] Fuente:JAMA;319(1):49-61, 2018 01 02.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicación:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:Importance: Over the past 2 decades, there has been increased attention and effort to reduce disparities in live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) for black, Hispanic, and Asian patients with end-stage kidney disease. The goal of this study was to investigate whether these efforts have been successful. Objective: To estimate changes over time in racial/ethnic disparities in LDKT in the United States, accounting for differences in death and deceased donor kidney transplantation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A secondary analysis of a prospectively maintained cohort study conducted in the United States of 453 162 adult first-time kidney transplantation candidates included in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2014, with follow-up through December 31, 2016. Exposures: Race/ethnicity. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary study outcome was time to LDKT. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards and competing risk models were constructed to assess changes in racial/ethnic disparities in LDKT among adults on the deceased donor kidney transplantation waiting list and interaction terms were used to test the statistical significance of temporal changes in racial/ethnic differences in receipt of LDKT. The adjusted subhazard ratios are estimates derived from the multivariable competing risk models. Data were categorized into 5-year increments (1995-1999, 2000-2004, 2005-2009, 2010-2014) to allow for an adequate sample size in each analytical cell. Results: Among 453 162 adult kidney transplantation candidates (mean [SD] age, 50.9 [13.1] years; 39% were women; 48% were white; 30%, black; 16%, Hispanic; and 6%, Asian), 59 516 (13.1%) received LDKT. Overall, there were 39 509 LDKTs among white patients, 8926 among black patients, 8357 among Hispanic patients, and 2724 among Asian patients. In 1995, the cumulative incidence of LDKT at 2 years after appearing on the waiting list was 7.0% among white patients, 3.4% among black patients, 6.8% among Hispanic patients, and 5.1% among Asian patients. In 2014, the cumulative incidence of LDKT was 11.4% among white patients, 2.9% among black patients, 5.9% among Hispanic patients, and 5.6% among Asian patients. From 1995-1999 to 2010-2014, racial/ethnic disparities in the receipt of LDKT increased (P < .001 for all statistical interaction terms in adjusted models comparing white patients vs black, Hispanic, and Asian patients). In 1995-1999, compared with receipt of LDKT among white patients, the adjusted subhazard ratio was 0.45 (95% CI, 0.42-0.48) among black patients, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.77-0.88) among Hispanic patients, and 0.56 (95% CI, 0.50-0.63) among Asian patients. In 2010-2014, compared with receipt of LDKT among white patients, the adjusted subhazard ratio was 0.27 (95% CI, 0.26-0.28) among black patients, 0.52 (95% CI, 0.50-0.54) among Hispanic patients, and 0.42 (95% CI, 0.39-0.45) among Asian patients. Conclusions and Relevance: Among adult first-time kidney transplantation candidates in the United States who were added to the deceased donor kidney transplantation waiting list between 1995 and 2014, disparities in the receipt of live donor kidney transplantation increased from 1995-1999 to 2010-2014. These findings suggest that national strategies for addressing disparities in receipt of live donor kidney transplantation should be revisited.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Disparidades en Atención de Salud/etnología
Fallo Renal Crónico/etnología
Trasplante de Riñón/tendencias
Donadores Vivos
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Adulto
Afroamericanos
Americanos Asiáticos
Estudios de Cohortes
Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Europea
Femenino
Disparidades en Atención de Salud/tendencias
Hispanoamericanos
Seres Humanos
Estimación de Kaplan-Meier
Fallo Renal Crónico/cirugía
Trasplante de Riñón/mortalidad
Masculino
Mediana Edad
Estados Unidos/epidemiología
Listas de Espera
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1801
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180311
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.19152


  2 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
[PMID]:29522594
[Au] Autor:Sobredo LD
[Ad] Dirección:Departamento de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Procuraduría de violencia institucional, Procuración General de la Nación. lausobredo@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Women are human: Brief guide on international human rights law for psychiatrists].
[Ti] Título:Las mujeres somos humanas: breve guía sobre el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos para psiquiatras..
[So] Fuente:Vertex;XXVIII(134):287-291, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0327-6139
[Cp] País de publicación:Argentina
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumen:Violence against women has gained public awareness in Argentina over the last few years. As any other social phenomena, gender violence is present in the work of psychiatrists, especially in the way they approach to clinical practice. International human rights' law enshrines the right of every women to live free from violence and to be treated with dignity and respect. This legal framework might nourish the practice of psychiatrists as a proposal for seeking cultural and social common grounds. The paper tries to get readers attention on the potentiality of this legal framework which ultimately, might in?uence not only everyday life but clinical practice as well.
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


  3 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29415030
[Au] Autor:Lerman S; Jung M; Arredondo EM; Barnhart JM; Cai J; Castañeda SF; Daviglus ML; Espinoza RA; Giachello AL; Molina KM; Perreira K; Salgado H; Wassertheil-Smoller S; Kaplan RC
[Ad] Dirección:University of Massachusetts Medical School, Division of Preventive & Behavioral Medicine, Worcester, MA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults.
[So] Fuente:PLoS One;13(2):e0185661, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicación:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. RESULTS: The majority of the population (89.5%) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6% of participants, while 20.6% did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9% and not at all important to 6.7% of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting "never" participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80% higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is "not at all important" was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. CONCLUSION: Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Ansiedad/psicología
Depresión/psicología
Hispanoamericanos/psicología
Religión
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Adolescente
Adulto
Anciano
Ansiedad/epidemiología
Depresión/epidemiología
Femenino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Mediana Edad
Prevalencia
Estados Unidos/epidemiología
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185661


  4 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29216900
[Au] Autor:Ribas L; Vanezis K; Imués MA; Piferrer F
[Ad] Dirección:Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Passeig Marítim, 37-45, 08003, Barcelona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Treatment with a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor feminizes zebrafish and induces long-term expression changes in the gonads.
[So] Fuente:Epigenetics Chromatin;10(1):59, 2017 12 08.
[Is] ISSN:1756-8935
[Cp] País de publicación:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:BACKGROUND: The role of epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation during vertebrate sexual development is far from being clear. Using the zebrafish model, we tested the effects of one of the most common DNA methyltransferase (dnmt) inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), which is approved for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia and is under active investigation for the treatment of solid tumours. Several dose-response experiments were carried out during two periods, including not only the very first days of development (0-6 days post-fertilization, dpf), as done in previous studies, but also, and as a novelty, the period of gonadal development (10-30 dpf). RESULTS: Early treatment with 5-aza-dC altered embryonic development, delayed hatching and increased teratology and mortality, as expected. The most striking result, however, was an increase in the number of females, suggesting that alterations induced by 5-aza-dC treatment can affect sexual development as well. Results were confirmed when treatment coincided with gonadal development. In addition, we also found that the adult gonadal transcriptome of 5-aza-dC-exposed females included significant changes in the expression of key reproduction-related genes (e.g. cyp11a1, esr2b and figla), and that several pro-female-related pathways such as the Fanconi anaemia or the Wnt signalling pathways were downregulated. Furthermore, an overall inhibition of genes implicated in epigenetic regulatory mechanisms (e.g. dnmt1, dicer, cbx4) was also observed. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results indicate that treatment with a DNA methylation inhibitor can also alter the sexual development in zebrafish, with permanent alterations of the adult gonadal transcriptome, at least in females. Our results show the importance of DNA methylation for proper control of sexual development, open new avenues for the potential control of sex ratios in fish (aquaculture, population control) and call attention to possibly hidden long-term effects of dnmt therapy when used, for example, in the treatment of prepuberal children affected by some types of cancer.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Metilasas de Modificación del ADN/antagonistas & inhibidores
Inhibidores Enzimáticos/farmacología
Feminización/inducido químicamente
Ovario/efectos de los fármacos
Pez Cebra/embriología
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Animales
Azacitidina/análogos & derivados
Azacitidina/farmacología
Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga
Femenino
Masculino
Ovario/metabolismo
Razón de Masculinidad
Transcriptoma
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nombre de substancia:
0 (Enzyme Inhibitors); 776B62CQ27 (decitabine); EC 2.1.1.- (DNA Modification Methylases); M801H13NRU (Azacitidine)
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180310
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180310
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13072-017-0168-7


  5 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28858705
[Au] Autor:Biandolino F; Parlapiano I; Faraponova O; Prato E
[Ad] Dirección:CNR-IAMC, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Taranto, Italy. Electronic address: francesca.biandolino@iamc.cnr.it.
[Ti] Título:Effects of short- and long-term exposures to copper on lethal and reproductive endpoints of the harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus fulvus.
[So] Fuente:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:327-333, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicación:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:The long-term exposure provides a realistic measurement of the effects of toxicants on aquatic organisms. The harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus fulvus has a wide geographical distribution and is considered as an ideal model organism for ecotoxicological studies for its good sensitivity to different toxicants. In this study, acute, sub-chronic and chronic toxicity tests based on lethal and reproductive responses of Tigriopus fulvus to copper were performed. The number of moults during larval development was chosen as an endpoint for sub-chronic test. Sex ratio, inhibitory effect on larval development, hatching time, fecundity, brood number, nauplii/brood, total newborn production, etc, were calculated in the chronic test (28d). Lethal effect of copper to nauplii showed the LC50-48h of 310 ± 72µgCu/L (mean ± sd). It was observed a significant inhibition of larval development at sublethal copper concentrations, after 4 and 7 d. After 4d, the EC50 value obtained for the endpoint in "moult naupliar reduction" was of 55.8 ± 2.5µgCu/L (mean ± sd). The EC50 for the inhibition of naupliar development into copepodite stage, was of 21.7 ± 4.4µgCu/L (mean ± sd), after 7 days. Among the different traits tested, copper did not affect sex ratio and growth, while fecundity and total nauplii production were the most sensitive endpoints. The reproductive endpoints offer the advantage of being detectable at very low pollutant concentrations.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Copépodos/efectos de los fármacos
Cobre/toxicidad
Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos
Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Animales
Copépodos/crecimiento & desarrollo
Determinación de Punto Final
Fertilidad/efectos de los fármacos
Dosificación Letal Mediana
Reproducción/efectos de los fármacos
Razón de Masculinidad
Factores de Tiempo
Pruebas de Toxicidad Aguda
Pruebas de Toxicidad Crónica
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nombre de substancia:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 789U1901C5 (Copper)
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28467238
[Au] Autor:Charlton BM; Reisner SL; Agénor M; Gordon AR; Sarda V; Austin SB
[Ad] Dirección:1 Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital , Boston, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Sexual Orientation Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in a Longitudinal Cohort of U.S. Males and Females.
[So] Fuente:LGBT Health;4(3):202-209, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2325-8306
[Cp] País de publicación:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:PURPOSE: This study sought to examine how human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may differ across sexual orientation groups (e.g., bisexuals compared to heterosexuals)-particularly in boys and men, about whom little is known. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of 10,663 U.S. females and males enrolled in the Growing Up Today Study followed from 1996 to 2014. Participants were aged 11-24 years when the vaccine was approved for females in 2006 and 14-27 years when approved for males in 2009. In addition to reporting sexual orientation identity/attractions, participants reported sex of lifetime sexual partners. Log-binominal models were used to examine HPV vaccination across sexual orientation groups. RESULTS: Among females, 56% received ≥1 dose. In contrast, 8% of males obtained ≥1 dose; HPV vaccination initiation was especially low among completely heterosexual males. After adjusting for potential confounders, completely heterosexual (risk ratio [RR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45 [0.30-0.68]) and mostly heterosexual (RR; 95% CI: 0.44 [0.25-0.78]) males were half as likely to have received even a single dose compared to gay males. Compared to lesbians, no differences were observed for completely heterosexual or bisexual females, but mostly heterosexual females were 20% more likely to have received at least one dose. CONCLUSIONS: HPV vaccination rates in the U.S. are strikingly low and special attention is needed for boys and men, especially those who do not identify as gay. Vaccinating everyone, regardless of sex/gender and/or sexual orientation, will not only lower that individual's susceptibility but also decrease transmission to partners, females and/or males, to help eradicate HPV through herd immunity.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Disparidades en Atención de Salud
Vacunas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapéutico
Conducta Sexual
Minorías Sexuales y de Género
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Adolescente
Niño
Femenino
Seres Humanos
Estudios Longitudinales
Masculino
Infecciones por Papillomavirus/epidemiología
Infecciones por Papillomavirus/prevención & control
Estudios Prospectivos
Estados Unidos
Adulto Joven
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nombre de substancia:
0 (Papillomavirus Vaccines)
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/lgbt.2016.0103


  7 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28453387
[Au] Autor:Cahill SR; Makadon HJ
[Ad] Dirección:1 Health Policy Research, The Fenway Institute , Fenway Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:If They Don't Count Us, We Don't Count: Trump Administration Rolls Back Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection.
[So] Fuente:LGBT Health;4(3):171-173, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2325-8306
[Cp] País de publicación:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:The Trump Administration recently removed sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) questions from a national aging survey, and decided not to add a sexual orientation category and a transgender identity field to a national disability survey as planned. These actions have raised concerns that the major expansion of SOGI data collection on surveys and in clinical settings, which has occurred in recent years, may be under threat. SOGI data collection is essential to understand lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health and the extent to which LGBT people access critical social services, including elder and disability services essential for living in community.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Recolección de Datos
Identidad de Género
Conducta Sexual
Minorías Sexuales y de Género/estadística & datos numéricos
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Envejecimiento
Recolección de Datos/legislación & jurisprudencia
Seres Humanos
Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/lgbt.2017.0073


  8 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28449651
[Au] Autor:Devkota R; Khan GM; Alam K; Sapkota B; Devkota D
[Ad] Dirección:Department of Drug Administration, Kathmandu, Nepal. rameshlog@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Impacts of counseling on knowledge, attitude and practice of medication use during pregnancy.
[So] Fuente:BMC Pregnancy Childbirth;17(1):131, 2017 04 27.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2393
[Cp] País de publicación:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:BACKGROUND: Counseling has a significant role in improving knowledge, attitude and practice outcomes of pregnant women towards medication use. Proper counseling thus could be beneficial to prevent any medication related misadventure during pregnancy. The present study was aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pregnant women towards their medications, to provide counseling regarding their understanding of medication use during pregnancy and evaluate the impacts of such counseling. METHODS: Pre- post interventional (counseling) study was conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal among pregnant women who presented with complication and were prescribed at least one medication. A total of 275 pregnant women were included in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of pregnant women before and after counseling. The impacts of counseling were then evaluated using suitable statistical methods. RESULTS: Of the total participants 229 completed the post counseling survey. Majority of the participants were in the age group 20-24 (43.2%), primigravida (59.4%) and in third trimester (58.6%). Housewives comprised 61.1% of participants and majority had received a University degree (33.2%). The mean and median scores assessed before counseling showed that there was no significant difference in the KAP scores with respect to age, trimester and gravidity whereas KAP scores with respect to occupation and level of education were statistically significant. There was an increase in mean and median KAP scores after counseling and the impacts of counseling was found to be statistically significant (p = <0.001). CONCLUSION: Counseling had a positive impact on knowledge, attitude and practice of pregnant women towards medication and thus it could be considered a suitable method to encourage safe medication during pregnancy.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Consejo/métodos
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud
Conocimiento de la Medicación por el Paciente
Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología
Atención Prenatal/métodos
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Adolescente
Adulto
Femenino
Seres Humanos
Nepal
Embarazo
Atención Prenatal/psicología
Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Adulto Joven
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12884-017-1316-6


  9 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
[PMID]:29521263
[Au] Autor:Salinas-Casado J; Méndez-Rubio S; Esteban-Fuertes M; Gómez-Rodríguez A; Vírseda-Chamorro M; Luján-Galán M; Rituman G
[Ad] Dirección:Servicio de Urología. Hospital Clínico San Carlos. Madrid. España.
[Ti] Título:[Efficacy and safety of D-mannose (2 g), 24h prolonged release, associated with Proanthocyanidin (PAC), versus isolate PAC, in the management of a series of women with recurrent urinary infections.]
[Ti] Título:Eficacia y tolerancia terapéutica de la D­manosa (2 g) de liberación prolongada 24 horas (asociada a proantocianidinas), frente a proantocianidinas aisladas en el manejo de una serie de mujeres con infecciones urinarias recurrentes..
[So] Fuente:Arch Esp Urol;71(2):169-177, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0004-0614
[Cp] País de publicación:Spain
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumen:OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of dietary supplement "Manosar®" composed of D-mannose (2 g), 24 h prolonged release, associated with Proanthocyanidin (PAC) (140 mg), ursolic acid (7.98 mg), A, C, and D vitamins and the oligoelement zinc, versus 240 mg of PAC in recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), for a designed follow-up of 24 weeks, in women. METHODS: A multicenter randomized experimental double-blind study was carried out. The study was approved by review board of "Complejo Hospitalario de Toledo" (Spain), and all patients gave informed consent. A total of 150 women with non complicated UTI were screened for participation. Valid data was obtained from 93, with mean age of 48 years. Fortyfour patients were assigned to the Manosar® group and 51 patients to the PAC group. Patients were followed during six months. A previous UTI was defined based on a combination of symptoms and a positive reactive urine trip. Confirmation of a new UTI was based on symptoms, reactive urine strip and urine culture. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients (35%) had an UTI during the six months follow-up. The percentage of UTI of the Manosar® group during this period was 24%, while the percentage of the PAC group was 45% (p〈0.05). The disease-free time for the Manosar® group was 95 days, while this time was 79 days for the PAC group. The incidence of side effects was low. Diarrhea was the most frequent side-effect in both groups. CONCLUSION: Manosar® (oral once a day) is more effective than single dose PAC (240 mg daily orally) to prevent recurrent UTI in women.
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180309
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180309
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


  10 / 90967 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
selecciona
para imprimir
Fotocopia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28468575
[Au] Autor:Cannon SM; Shukla V; Vanderbilt AA
[Ad] Dirección:a College of Medicine and Life Sciences , University of Toledo , Toledo , OH , USA.
[Ti] Título:Addressing the healthcare needs of older Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender patients in medical school curricula: a call to action.
[So] Fuente:Med Educ Online;22(1):1320933, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1087-2981
[Cp] País de publicación:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumen:Medical students matriculating in the coming years will be faced with treating an expansive increase in the population of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. While these patients face healthcare concerns similar to their non-LGBT aging peers, the older LGBT community has distinct healthcare needs and faces well-documented healthcare disparities. In order to reduce these healthcare barriers, medical school curricula must prepare and educate future physicians to treat this population while providing high quality, culturally-competent care. This article addresses some of the unique healthcare needs of the aging LGBT population with an emphasis on social concerns and healthcare disparities. It provides additional curricular recommendations to aid in the progressive augmentation of medical school curricula. ABBREVIATIONS: Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME); LGBT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender.
[Mh] Términos MeSH primario: Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos
Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud
Minorías Sexuales y de Género
[Mh] Términos MeSH secundario: Factores de Edad
Curriculum
Disparidades en Atención de Salud
Seres Humanos
Estudiantes de Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mes de ingreso:1803
[Cu] Fecha actualización por clase:180308
[Lr] Fecha última revisión:180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Fecha de ingreso para procesamiento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10872981.2017.1320933



página 1 de 9097 va a la página                         
   


Refinar la búsqueda
  Base de datos : MEDLINE Formulario avanzado   

    Buscar en el campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPS/OMS - Centro Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Información en Ciencias de la Salud