Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Bovine and Virus and Diarrhea-Mucosal and Disease [Words]
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  1 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29432435
[Au] Autor:Azbel-Jackson L; Heffernan C; Gunn G; Brownlie J
[Ad] Address:Livestock Development Group, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Title:Exploring the role of voluntary disease schemes on UK farmer bio-security behaviours: Findings from the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea control scheme.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0179877, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The article describes the influence of a disease control scheme (the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Disease (BVD) Eradication scheme) on farmers' bio-security attitudes and behaviours. In 2010, a survey of 100 cattle farmers (53 scheme members vs. 47 out of scheme farmers) was undertaken among cattle farmers residing in Norfolk and Suffolk counties in the UK. A cross-sectional independent measures design was employed. The main analytical tool was content analysis. The following variables at the farmer-level were explored: the specific BVD control measures adopted, livestock disease priorities, motivation for scheme membership, wider knowledge acquisition, biosecurity behaviours employed and training course attendance. The findings suggest that participation in the BVD scheme improved farmers' perception of the scheme benefits and participation in training courses. However, no association was found between the taking part in the BVD scheme and livestock disease priorities or motivation for scheme participation, or knowledge about BVD bio-security measures employed. Equally importantly, scheme membership did appear to influence the importance accorded specific bio-security measures. Yet such ranking did not appear to reflect the actual behaviours undertaken. As such, disease control efforts alone while necessary, are insufficient. Rather, to enhance farmer bio-security behaviours significant effort must be made to address underlying attitudes to the specific disease threat involved.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/prevention & control
Security Measures
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Aged
Animals
Cattle
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Middle Aged
United Kingdom
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179877

  2 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28450492
[Ti] Title:Mucosal disease in a group of persistently infected cattle.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;180(17):429, 2017 04 29.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/immunology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Antibodies, Viral
Cattle
Cattle Diseases
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER; COMMENT
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antibodies, Viral)
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180109
[Lr] Last revision date:180109
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j2064

  3 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28717858
[Au] Autor:Bazzucchi M; Bertolotti L; Ceglie L; Giammarioli M; Rossi E; Rosati S; De Mia GM
[Ad] Address:Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Umbria e delle Marche, Perugia, Italy.
[Ti] Title:Complete nucleotide sequence of a novel bovine viral diarrhea virus subtype 1 isolate from Italy.
[So] Source:Arch Virol;162(11):3545-3548, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1432-8798
[Cp] Country of publication:Austria
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:To gain further insight into the genomic features of bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1) subtypes, we sequenced the complete genome of the BVDV-1 isolate VE/245/12. This is an uncommon subtype that was isolated from a persistently infected animal. Here, we report the complete genome sequence, consisting of 12,295 nucleotides (nt) with an open reading frame of 11,694 nt encoding 3,898 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis of the full-length genome, 5'-UTR, and N region confirmed that the BVDV-1 isolate differed significantly from all of the bovine pestiviruses identified so far, providing evidence for the presence of a distinct novel genetic group.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/virology
Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/genetics
Genome, Viral
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/epidemiology
Cattle
Italy/epidemiology
Phylogeny
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1710
[Cu] Class update date: 171025
[Lr] Last revision date:171025
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170719
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00705-017-3486-y

  4 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28671068
[Au] Autor:Laureyns J
[Ad] Address:Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics, and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: Jozef.Laureyns@UGent.be.
[Ti] Title:What are the monetary losses by BVDV infection and is control cost-effective?
[So] Source:Vet J;223:32-33, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170815
[Lr] Last revision date:170815
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170704
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  5 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28668732
[Au] Autor:Chernick A; van der Meer F
[Ad] Address:Ecosystem and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. Electronic address: a.chernick@ucalgary.ca.
[Ti] Title:Evolution of Bovine viral diarrhea virus in Canada from 1997 to 2013.
[So] Source:Virology;509:232-238, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0341
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a rapidly evolving, single-stranded RNA virus and a production limiting pathogen of cattle worldwide. 79 viral isolates collected between 1997 and 2013 in Canada were subjected to next-generation sequencing. Bayesian phylogenetics was used to assess the evolution of this virus. A mean substitution rate of 1.4×10 substitutions/site/year was found across both BVDV1 and BVDV2. Evolutionary rates in the E2 gene were slightly faster than other regions. We also identified population structures below the sub-genotype level that likely have phenotypic implications. Two distinct clusters within BVDV2a are present and can be differentiated, in part, by a tyrosine to isoleucine mutation at position 963 in the E2 protein, a position implicated in the antigenicity of BVDV1 isolates. Distinct clustering within all sub-genotypes, particularly BVDV2a, is apparent and could lead to new levels of genotypic classification. Continuous monitoring of emerging variants is therefore necessary.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/epidemiology
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/virology
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/classification
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/genetics
Evolution, Molecular
Genetic Variation
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Amino Acid Substitution
Animals
Canada/epidemiology
Cattle
Cluster Analysis
Computational Biology
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/isolation & purification
Genotype
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Mutation Rate
Phylogeny
RNA, Viral/genetics
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Homology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Entry month:1707
[Cu] Class update date: 170721
[Lr] Last revision date:170721
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170703
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  6 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28582444
[Au] Autor:Li T; Huang M; Xiao H; Zhang G; Ding J; Wu P; Zhang H; Sheng J; Chen C
[Ad] Address:College of Animal Science and Technology, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China.
[Ti] Title:Selection and characterization of specific nanobody against bovine virus diarrhea virus (BVDV) E2 protein.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178469, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease (BVD-MD) is caused by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), and results in abortion, stillbirth, and fetal malformation in cows. Here, we constructed the phage display vector pCANTAB 5E-VHH and then transformed it into Escherichia coli TG1-competent cells, to construct an initial anti-BVDV nanobody gene library. We obtained a BVDV-E2 antigen epitope bait protein by prokaryotic expression using the nucleotide sequence of the E2 gene of the BVDV-NADL strain published in GenBank. Phage display was used to screen the anti-BVDV nanobody gene library. We successfully constructed a high quality phage display nanobody library, with an initial library capacity of 4.32×105. After the rescue of helper phage, the titer of the phage display nanobody library was 1.3×1011. The BVDV-E2 protein was then expressed in Escherichia coli (DE3), and a 49.5 kDa band was observed with SDS-PAGE analysis that was consistent with the expected nanobody size. Thus, we were able to isolate one nanobody that exhibits high affinity and specificity against BVDV using phage display techniques. This isolated nanobody was then used in Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay and qRT-PCR, and ELISA analyses of BVDV infection of MDBK cells indicated that the nanobodies exhibited good antiviral effect.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antibodies, Viral/biosynthesis
Antigens, Viral/genetics
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/genetics
Epitopes/genetics
Single-Domain Antibodies/biosynthesis
Viral Envelope Proteins/genetics
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Antibodies, Viral/genetics
Antibody Affinity
Antibody Specificity
Antigens, Viral/immunology
Base Sequence
Cattle
Cell Line
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/immunology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Epithelial Cells/immunology
Epithelial Cells/pathology
Epithelial Cells/virology
Epitopes/immunology
Escherichia coli/genetics
Escherichia coli/metabolism
Gene Expression
Kidney/immunology
Kidney/pathology
Kidney/virology
Peptide Library
Recombinant Proteins/genetics
Recombinant Proteins/immunology
Sequence Alignment
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Single-Domain Antibodies/genetics
Viral Envelope Proteins/immunology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Antigens, Viral); 0 (Epitopes); 0 (Peptide Library); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); 0 (Single-Domain Antibodies); 0 (Viral Envelope Proteins); 0 (gp53, bovine viral diarrhea virus)
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170918
[Lr] Last revision date:170918
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178469

  7 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28532992
[Au] Autor:Byrne AW; Guelbenzu-Gonzalo M; Strain SAJ; McBride S; Graham J; Lahuerta-Marin A; Harwood R; Graham DA; McDowell S
[Ad] Address:Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Veterinary Science Division, Stormont, Belfast BT43SD, United Kingdom; School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom. Electronic address: andrew.byrne@afbini.gov.uk.
[Ti] Title:Assessment of concurrent infection with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and Mycobacterium bovis: A herd-level risk factor analysis from Northern Ireland.
[So] Source:Prev Vet Med;141:38-47, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1716
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a significant pathogen of cattle, leading to severe economic and animal-welfare impacts. Furthermore, the pathogen has been associated with impacting the progression or spread of other pathogens (e.g. Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (bTB)). During this study we investigated (i) risk factors for BVDV at a herd-level and (ii) whether there was any association between BVDV and herd-level bTB risk. The data for this study were gathered from a voluntary BVDV control programme in Northern Ireland (2013-2015) based on the identification of virus positive animals through tissue tag testing of calves. We assigned a herd-level BVDV status to 2827 participating herds, where a herd was assumed "infected" if one or more animals tested positive for BVDV. Two model suites were developed. Firstly, we assessed risk factors for BVDV herd status using multivariable logit random-effects modelling, aggregating to the calendar year level (2013-2015; n=4828; model 1). Secondly, we aggregated data across the three years of the study to give an overall status for the whole study period (n=2827; logistic model 2). Risk factors included year, herd-type, herd size, number of births, inward trade moves, calf mortality, and region. Furthermore, the herd-level bovine tuberculosis status (based on the single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) test outcomes, or confirmation at post-mortem), or the size of bTB breakdowns (number of SICCT test positive animals), of herds was also investigated to assess whether there was an association (co-infection) with herd BVDV status. The final models suggested that BVDV herd status was positively associated with increased levels of calf mortality, herd size, number of births, the number of BVDV tests undertaken and the number of animals introduced to the herd. There was a significant univariable positive association between BVDV status, and SICCT breakdown risk, breakdown size and confirmed bTB status in model 2. However, there was no evidence of significant associations between bTB status (using SICTT status, confirmed status or herd breakdown size) and BVDV status in final multivariable models when controlling for other significant confounders. These results provide information for action for the future control and eradication of BVDV in Northern Ireland, though these data provide little support for the hypothesised association between BVDV and bTB status at herd-level. Further animal-level analyses are necessary to investigate whether there is support for a BVD-bTB co-infection association, including the impact of co-infection on the severity of infection.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/complications
Cattle Diseases
Coinfection/veterinary
Tuberculosis, Bovine/complications
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Cattle
Cattle Diseases/microbiology
Cattle Diseases/virology
Coinfection/microbiology
Coinfection/virology
Dairying
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral
Female
Ireland
Male
Mycobacterium bovis
Risk Factors
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170926
[Lr] Last revision date:170926
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170524
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  8 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28494925
[Au] Autor:Platt R; Kesl L; Guidarini C; Wang C; Roth JA
[Ad] Address:College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.
[Ti] Title:Comparison of humoral and T-cell-mediated immune responses to a single dose of Bovela live double deleted BVDV vaccine or to a field BVDV strain.
[So] Source:Vet Immunol Immunopathol;187:20-27, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2534
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The objective of this study was to determine and compare the humoral and cellular immune responses of calves exposed to a single dose of Bovela bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) live double deleted vaccine or a field strain virus (FSV) of BVDV type 2 (strain 890). Thirty seronegative, colostrum-deprived 5 month-old Holstein steer calves that tested negative for persistent BVDV by ear notch immunohistochemistry and seronegative to BVDV types 1 and 2 were used. Calves were screened by multi-parameter flow cytometry (MP-FCM) 1 week before vaccination to ensure that they were negative for T cell responses to the BVDV types 1 and 2 viruses in the Bovela vaccine. Calves were assigned to 3 treatment groups: control (PBS), FSV inoculated, and Bovela vaccinated. The humoral response was tested by standard serum virus neutralization (SVN) test to BVDV types 1 (Singer strain) and 2 (strain 125). The response by CD4, CD8, and gamma delta (γδ TCR) T cells was evaluated by MP-FCM using individual BVDV types 1 and 2 from Bovela vaccine as recall antigens at 5, 6, and 7 weeks after vaccination. Activation markers used were upregulation of surface CD25 (IL-2R), intracellular interferon gamma (IFNγ) and intracellular interleukin 4 (IL-4). Each T cell subset was evaluated for increased expression of each activation marker compared to non-antigen stimulated cells of the same animal. All Bovela vaccinated and FSV inoculated calves produced SVN antibodies to both BVDV types 1 and 2 while control animals remained seronegative throughout the study. The mean (weeks 5, 6, and 7) T cell recall responses to Bovela BVDV type 1 and type 2 recall antigens were numerically higher in all three T cell subsets (CD4, CD8, and γδ TCR) for all three activation markers (CD25, IFNγ, and IL-4) when compared to either the control animals or to the FSV inoculated animals. These differences were often, but not always, statistically significant (P<0.05).
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/prevention & control
Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/immunology
Viral Vaccines/therapeutic use
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Antibodies, Viral/immunology
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/immunology
Cattle
Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/immunology
Diarrhea Virus 2, Bovine Viral/immunology
Immunity, Cellular
Male
Neutralization Tests/veterinary
T-Lymphocytes/immunology
Viral Vaccines/immunology
[Pt] Publication type:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Viral Vaccines)
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170929
[Lr] Last revision date:170929
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170513
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  9 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28432927
[Au] Autor:Alkheraif AA; Topliff CL; Reddy J; Massilamany C; Donis RO; Meyers G; Eskridge KM; Kelling CL
[Ad] Address:University of Nebraska, School of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, 1880 North 42nd Street, Lincoln, NE, 68583, United States.
[Ti] Title:Type 2 BVDV N suppresses IFN-1 pathway signaling in bovine cells and augments BRSV replication.
[So] Source:Virology;507:123-134, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0341
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection induces immunosuppression and in conjunction with bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) contributes to the bovine respiratory disease complex. Bovine turbinate cells were single or co-infected with type 2 BVDV wild-type (BVDV2-wt), its dysfunctional N mutant (BVDV2-E), and/or BRSV. BVDV2-E significantly up-regulated PKR, IRF-7, TBK-1, IRF-3, and IFN-ß mRNAs based on real-time Q-RT-PCR. BRSV-infected cells expressed significantly up-regulated PKR, IRF-3, IRF-7, and IFN-ß mRNAs, whereas BVDV2-wt, but not BVDV2-E, abolished this up-regulation in co-infection. No significant differences were observed in MAVS, NF-κB, and PIN-1 mRNAs. A dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that BVDV2-wt significantly increased NF-κB activity compared to BVDV2-E, while BVDV2-E significantly increased IFN-ß activity compared to BVDV2-wt. The BRSV titer and RNA levels significantly increased in cells co-infected with BRSV/BVDV2-wt compared to cells co-infected with BRSV/BVDV2-E or infected with BRSV alone. This data supports the synergistic action of BVDV2-wt and BRSV inhibition of IFN-1.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/metabolism
Diarrhea Virus 2, Bovine Viral/physiology
Interferon-beta/metabolism
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/veterinary
Signal Transduction
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/genetics
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/virology
Cattle
Coinfection/genetics
Coinfection/immunology
Coinfection/virology
Diarrhea Virus 2, Bovine Viral/genetics
Interferon-beta/genetics
NF-kappa B/genetics
NF-kappa B/metabolism
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/genetics
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/immunology
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/virology
Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Bovine/genetics
Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Bovine/physiology
Virus Replication
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (NF-kappa B); 77238-31-4 (Interferon-beta)
[Em] Entry month:1707
[Cu] Class update date: 170717
[Lr] Last revision date:170717
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  10 / 1946 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28386029
[Au] Autor:Russell GC; Grant DM; Lycett S; Bachofen C; Caldow GL; Burr PD; Davie K; Ambrose N; Gunn GJ; Zadoks RN
[Ad] Address:Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Midlothian EH26 0PZ, UK.
[Ti] Title:Analysis of bovine viral diarrhoea virus: Biobank and sequence database to support eradication in Scotland.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;180(18):447, 2017 May 06.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Samples from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-positive cattle were gathered by Scottish diagnostic laboratories and used to produce a Biobank of samples with associated location and identification data in support of the Scottish BVDV eradication scheme. The samples were subject to direct amplification and sequencing of the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) to define the viral types and subtypes present. From 2693 samples collected prior to 2016, approximately 2300 sequences were obtained, representing 8 BVDV type 1 subtypes. No BVDV type 2 samples were detected. The samples came from all regions of the UK but 66 per cent were from Scotland. Analysis of the sequences showed great diversity in the 5'-UTR, with 1206 different sequences. Many samples carried virus with identical 5'-UTR sequences; often from single locations, but there were also examples of the same sequence being obtained from samples at several different locations. This work provides a resource that can be used to analyse the movement of BVDV strains both within Scotland and between Scotland and other nations, particularly in the latter stages of the Scottish eradication programme, and so inform the advice available to both livestock keepers and policymakers.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/prevention & control
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/virology
Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/genetics
Disease Eradication
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: 5' Untranslated Regions/genetics
Animals
Biological Specimen Banks
Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/epidemiology
Cattle
Databases, Nucleic Acid
Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/classification
Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/isolation & purification
Scotland/epidemiology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (5' Untranslated Regions)
[Em] Entry month:1706
[Cu] Class update date: 170606
[Lr] Last revision date:170606
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.104072


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