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[PMID]: 29524671
[Au] Autor:Poi G; Shahsavari E; Aburto-Medina A; Mok PC; Ball AS
[Ad] Address:School of Chemical and Life Sciences, Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore 139651, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia.
[Ti] Title:Large scale treatment of total petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminated groundwater using bioaugmentation.
[So] Source:J Environ Manage;214:157-163, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8630
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Bioaugmentation or the addition of microbes to contaminated sites has been widely used to treat contaminated soil or water; however this approach is often limited to laboratory based studies. In the present study, large scale bioaugmentation has been applied to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH)-contaminated groundwater at a petroleum facility. Initial TPH concentrations of 1564 mg L in the field were reduced to 89 mg L over 32 days. This reduction was accompanied by improved ecotoxicity, as shown by Brassica rapa germination numbers that increased from 52 at day 0to82% by the end of the treatment. Metagenomic analysis indicated that there was a shift in the microbial community when compared to the beginning of the treatment. The microbial community was dominated by Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes from day 0 to day 32, although differences at the genus level were observed. The predominant genera at the beginning of the treatment (day 0 just after inoculation) were Cloacibacterium, Sediminibacterium and Brevundimonas while at the end of the treatment members of Flavobacterium dominated, reaching almost half the population (41%), followed by Pseudomonas (6%) and Limnobacter (5.8%). To the author's knowledge, this is among the first studies to report the successful large scale biodegradation of TPH-contaminated groundwater (18,000 L per treatment session) at an offshore petrochemical facility.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29510368
[Au] Autor:Li Y; Long L; Yan H; Ge J; Cheng J; Ren L; Yu X
[Ad] Address:Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing 210014, China; Institute of Food Quality and Safety, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing 210014, China.
[Ti] Title:Comparison of uptake, translocation and accumulation of several neonicotinoids in komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis) from contaminated soils.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;200:603-611, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The accumulation of pesticides in vegetables may have serious effects on human health and ecosystems via food chains; therefore, it is of great importance to investigate the uptake and accumulation behaviours of pesticides in vegetable tissues. In the present study, the uptake, translocation and accumulation of five neonicotinoids, thiamethoxam (THIM), clothianidin (CLO), thiacloprid (THID), acetamiprid (ACE) and dinotefuran (DIN), in komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis, a vegetable) were investigated. The concentrations of neonicotinoids in vegetable tissues ranged from 0.068  0.002 to 29.6  2.5 mg/kg. During the cultivation (except for the first day), the concentration of each neonicotinoid in shoots was the highest, followed by roots and the soil. The concentrating of neonicotinoids from the soil to roots followed the order of THIM > CLO > THID > DIN > ACE, while the order of the ability of translocation neonicotinoids from roots to shoots was the just opposite. The difference in uptake and translocation behaviours of the test neonicotinoids seems to be not correlated with the octanol/water partition coefficient (logK ), water solubility or dissociation constant (pK ), but significantly correlated with molecular weight. In addition, a greater concentration of the THIM-metabolite clothianidin (M-CLO) was detected in vegetable shoots than in roots and the soil.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  3 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29408396
[Au] Autor:Wang W; Zhang H; Wei X; Yang L; Yang B; Zhang L; Li J; Jiang YQ
[Ad] Address:State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Title:Functional characterization of calcium-dependent protein kinase (CPK) 2 gene from oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in regulating reactive oxygen species signaling and cell death control.
[So] Source:Gene;651:49-56, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CPKs), being Ser/Thr protein kinases found only in plants and some protozoans are calcium sensors that regulate diverse biological processes. However, the function and mode of CPKs in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) remain elusive. In this study, we identified CPK2 from oilseed rape as a novel regulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death. BnaCPK2 was identified to be located at the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Expression of BnaCPK2 was induced during Bax-induced cell death. Overexpression of the constitutively active form of BnaCPK2 led to significantly more accumulation of ROS and cell death than the full-length CPK2, which is supported by various measurements of physiological data. In addition, a quantitative RT-PCR survey revealed that the expression levels of a few marker genes are significantly changed as a result of CPK2 expression. Mating-based split ubiquitin system (mbSUS) and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) were used to screen and confirm the BnaCPK2 interacting proteins. We identified and confirmed that CPK2 interacted with NADPH oxidase-like respiratory burst oxidase homolog D (RbohD), but not with RbohF. Based on its function and interacting partners, we propose that BnaCPK2 plays an important role in ROS and cell death control through interacting with RbohD.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Brassica napus/genetics
Cell Death/genetics
Plant Proteins/genetics
Protein Kinases/genetics
Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Brassica napus/enzymology
Cloning, Molecular
DNA, Plant
Plant Proteins/metabolism
Protein Kinases/metabolism
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Signal Transduction
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (DNA, Plant); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Reactive Oxygen Species); EC 2.7.- (Protein Kinases); EC 2.7.1.- (calcium-dependent protein kinase)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  4 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29385650
[Au] Autor:Lin S; Yue X; Miao Y; Yu Y; Dong H; Huang L; Cao J
[Ad] Address:Laboratory of Cell & Molecular Biology, Institute of Vegetable Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China.
[Ti] Title:The distinct functions of two classical arabinogalactan proteins BcMF8 and BcMF18 during pollen wall development in Brassica campestris.
[So] Source:Plant J;, 2018 Jan 31.
[Is] ISSN:1365-313X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are extensively glycosylated hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins ubiquitous in all plant tissues and cells. AtAGP6 and AtAGP11, the only two functionally known pollen-specific classical AGP encoding genes in Arabidopsis, are reported to have redundant functions in microspore development. BcMF18 and BcMF8 isolated from Brassica campestris are the orthologues of AtAGP6 and AtAGP11, respectively. In contrast to the functional redundancy of AtAGP6 and AtAGP11, single-gene disruption of BcMF8 led to deformed pollen grains with abnormal intine development and ectopic aperture formation in B.campestris. Here, we further explored the action of BcMF18 and its relationship with BcMF8. BcMF18 was specifically expressed in pollen during the late stages of microspore development. Antisense RNA transgenic lines with BcMF18 reduction resulted in aberrant pollen grains with abnormal cellulose distribution, lacking intine, cytoplasm and nuclei. Transgenic plants with repressive expression of both BcMF8 and BcMF18 showed a hybrid phenotype, expressing a mixture of the phenotypes of the single gene knockdown plant lines. In addition, we identified functional diversity between BcMF18/BcMF8 and AtAGP6/AtAGP11, mainly reflected by the specific contribution of BcMF18 and BcMF8 to pollen wall formation. These results suggest that, unlike the orthologous genes AtAGP6 and AtAGP11 in Arabidopsis, BcMF18 and BcMF8 are both integral to pollen biogenesis in B.campestris, acting through independent pathways during microspore development.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/tpj.13842

  5 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29248961
[Au] Autor:Fujii S; Takayama S
[Ad] Address:Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.
[Ti] Title:Multilayered dominance hierarchy in plant self-incompatibility.
[So] Source:Plant Reprod;31(1):15-19, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2194-7961
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:KEY MESSAGE: Epigenetic dominance modifier. In polymorphic loci, complex genetic dominance relationships between alleles are often observed. In plants, control of self-incompatibility (SI) expression via allelic interactions in the Brassicaceae is the best-known example of such mechanisms. Here, with emphasis on two recently published papers, we review the progress toward understanding the dominance regulatory mechanism of SI in the Brassicaceae. Multiple small RNA genes linked to the Self-incompatibility (S) locus were found in both Brassica and Arabidopsis genera. Mono-allelic gene expression of the male determinant of SI, SP11/SCR, from a dominant S-allele is under epigenetic control by such small RNA genes. Possible evolutionary trajectories leading to the formation of multilayered dominance hierarchy in Brassicaceae are discussed. We also identify some remaining questions for future studies.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00497-017-0319-9

  6 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28942275
[Au] Autor:Yadav P; Kaur R; Kanwar MK; Sharma A; Verma V; Sirhindi G; Bhardwaj R
[Ad] Address:Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar143005, Punjab, India.
[Ti] Title:Castasterone confers copper stress tolerance by regulating antioxidant enzyme responses, antioxidants, and amino acid balance in B. juncea seedlings.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:725-734, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of exogenous application of castasterone (CS) on physiologic and biochemical responses in Brassica juncea seedlings under copper (Cu) stress. Seeds were pre-soaked in different concentrations of CS and grown for 7 days under various levels of Cu. The exposure of B. juncea to higher levels of Cu led to decrease of morphologic parameters, with partial recovery of length and fresh weight in the CS pre-treated seedlings. Metal content was high in both roots and shoots under Cu exposure while the CS pre-treatment reduced the metal uptake. Accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H O ) and superoxide anion radical (O ) were chosen as stress biomarker and higher levels of H O (88.89%) and O (62.11%) showed the oxidative stress in metal treated B. juncea seedlings, however, CS pre-treatment reduced ROS accumulation in Cu-exposed seedlings. The Cu exposures lead to enhance the plant's enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant system. It was observed that enzymatic activities of ascorbate peroxidase (APOX), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), and glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione perxoidase (GPOX) and gultrathione-s-transferase increased while activity of monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) decreased under Cu stress. The pre-treatment with CS positively affected the activities of enzymes. RT-PCR analysis showed that mRNA transcript levels were correlated with total enzymatic activity of DHAR, GR, GST and GSH. Increase in the gene expression of DHAR (1.85 folds), GR (3.24 folds), GST-1 (2.00 folds) and GSH-S (3.18 folds) was noticed with CS pre-treatment. Overall, the present study shows that Cu exposure induced severe oxidative stress in B. juncea plants and exogenous application of CS improved antioxidative defense system by modulating the ascorbate-glutathione cycle and amino acid metabolism.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antioxidants/metabolism
Cholestanols/pharmacology
Copper/toxicity
Mustard Plant/drug effects
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Soil Pollutants/toxicity
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Amino Acids/metabolism
Copper/metabolism
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Gene Expression/drug effects
Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism
Mustard Plant/enzymology
Mustard Plant/genetics
Soil Pollutants/metabolism
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Amino Acids); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Cholestanols); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 789U1901C5 (Copper); 80736-41-0 (castasterone); BBX060AN9V (Hydrogen Peroxide)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170925
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  7 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28881317
[Au] Autor:Kaur Kohli S; Handa N; Bali S; Arora S; Sharma A; Kaur R; Bhardwaj R
[Ad] Address:Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India.
[Ti] Title:Modulation of antioxidative defense expression and osmolyte content by co-application of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid in Pb exposed Indian mustard plants.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:382-393, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The study focuses on potential of combined pre-soaking treatment of 24-Epibrassinolide (EBL) and Salicylic acid (SA) in alleviating Pb phytotoxicity in Brassica juncea L. plants. The seeds after treatment with combination of both the hormones were sown in mixture of soil, sand and manure (3:1:1) and were exposed to Pb concentrations (0.25mM, 0.50mM and 0.75mM). After 30 days of growth, the plants were harvested and processed, for quantification of various metabolites. It was found that pre-sowing of seeds in combination of EBL and SA, mitigated the adverse effects of metal stress by modulating antioxidative defense response and enhanced osmolyte contents. Dry matter content and heavy metal tolerance index were enhanced in response to co-application of EBL and SA. The levels of superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde were lowered by the combined treatment of hormones. Enhancement in activities of guaiacol peroxidase, catalase, glutathione reductase and glutathione-s-transferase were recorded. Contents of glutathione, tocopherol and ascorbic acid were also enhanced in response to co-application of both hormones. Expression of POD, CAT, GR and GST1 genes were up-regulated whereas SOD gene was observed to be down-regulated. Contents of proline, trehalose and glycine betaine were also reported to be elevated as a result of treatment with EBL+SA. The results suggest that co-application of EBL+SA may play an imperative role in improving the antioxidative defense expression of B. juncea plants to combat the oxidative stress generated by Pb toxicity.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antioxidants/metabolism
Brassinosteroids/pharmacology
Environmental Pollutants/toxicity
Lead/toxicity
Mustard Plant/drug effects
Salicylic Acid/pharmacology
Steroids, Heterocyclic/pharmacology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Environmental Pollutants/metabolism
Gene Expression/drug effects
Hydroponics
Lead/metabolism
Mustard Plant/enzymology
Mustard Plant/genetics
Osmoregulation/drug effects
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Brassinosteroids); 0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Steroids, Heterocyclic); 2P299V784P (Lead); O414PZ4LPZ (Salicylic Acid); Y9IQ1L53OX (brassinolide)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170908
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  8 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28837875
[Au] Autor:Molnr ; Feigl G; Trifn V; rdg A; Szollosi R; Erdei L; Kolbert Z
[Ad] Address:Department of Plant Biology, University of Szeged, Kzp fasor 52, H-6726 Szeged, Hungary. Electronic address: molnara@bio.u-szeged.hu.
[Ti] Title:The intensity of tyrosine nitration is associated with selenite and selenate toxicity in Brassica juncea L.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:93-101, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Selenium phytotoxicity involves processes like reactive nitrogen species overproduction and nitrosative protein modifications. This study evaluates the toxicity of two selenium forms (selenite and selenate at 0M, 20M, 50M and 100M concentrations) and its correlation with protein tyrosine nitration in the organs of hydroponically grown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Selenate treatment resulted in large selenium accumulation in both Brassica organs, while selenite showed slight root-to-shoot translocation resulting in a much lower selenium accumulation in the shoot. Shoot and root growth inhibition and cell viability loss revealed that Brassica tolerates selenate better than selenite. Results also show that relative high amounts of selenium are able to accumulate in Brassica leaves without obvious visible symptoms such as chlorosis or necrosis. The more severe phytotoxicity of selenite was accompanied by more intense protein tyrosine nitration as well as alterations in nitration pattern suggesting a correlation between the degree of Se forms-induced toxicities and nitroproteome size, composition in Brassica organs. These results imply the possibility of considering protein tyrosine nitration as novel biomarker of selenium phytotoxicity, which could help the evaluation of asymptomatic selenium stress of plants.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Mustard Plant/drug effects
Nitro Compounds/metabolism
Reactive Nitrogen Species/metabolism
Selenic Acid/toxicity
Selenious Acid/toxicity
Tyrosine/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Biological Transport
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Hydroponics
Mustard Plant/metabolism
Selenic Acid/metabolism
Selenious Acid/metabolism
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Nitro Compounds); 0 (Reactive Nitrogen Species); 42HK56048U (Tyrosine); F6A27P4Q4R (Selenious Acid); HV0Y51NC4J (Selenic Acid)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  9 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28837874
[Au] Autor:Halecki W; Klatka S
[Ad] Address:Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, University of Agriculture, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakw, Poland. Electronic address: wiktor.halecki@urk.edu.pl.
[Ti] Title:Long term growth of crop plants on experimental plots created among slag heaps.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:86-92, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Suppression of plant growth is a common problem in post-mining reclaimed areas, as coarse texture of soils may increase nitrate leaching. Assessing feasibility of using solid waste (precipitated solid matter) produced by water and sewage treatment processes in field conditions is very important in mine soil reclamation. Our work investigated the possibility of plant growth in a degraded site covered with sewage-derived sludge material. A test area (21m 18m) was established on a mine soil heap. Experimental plant species included Camelina sativa, Helianthus annuus, Festuca rubra, Miscanthus giganteus, Amaranthus cruentus, Brassica napus, Melilotus albus, Beta vulgaris, and Zea mays. ANOVA showed sufficient water content and acceptable physical properties of the soil in each year and layer in a multi-year period, indicating that these species were suitable for phytoremediation purposes. Results of trace elements assays indicated low degree of contamination caused by Carbocrash waste material and low potential ecological risk for all plant species. Detrended correspondence analysis revealed that total porosity and capillary porosity were the most important variables for the biosolids among all water content related properties. Overall, crop plants were found useful on heavily degraded land and the soil benefited from their presence. An addition of Carbocrash substrate to mine soil improved the initial stage of soil reclamation and accelerated plant growth. The use of this substrate in phytoremediation helped to balance the content of nutrients, promoted plant growth, and increased plant tolerance to salinity. Sewage sludge-amended biosolids may be applied directly to agricultural soil, not only in experimental conditions.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Crops, Agricultural/growth & development
Mining
Sewage/chemistry
Soil Pollutants/analysis
Soil/chemistry
Solid Waste/analysis
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Biodegradation, Environmental
Biomass
Poland
Porosity
Surface Properties
Time Factors
Trace Elements/analysis
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Sewage); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (Solid Waste); 0 (Trace Elements)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  10 / 14718 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29521240
[Au] Autor:Agrawal SS; Yallatikar TP; Gurjar PN
[Ad] Address:Quality Assurance, Shobhaben Pratapbhai Patel School of Pharmacy & Technology Management, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai 400056. India.
[Ti] Title:Brassica Nigra: Ethopharmacological Review Of A Routinely Used Condiment.
[So] Source:Curr Drug Discov Technol;, 2018 Mar 08.
[Is] ISSN:1875-6220
[Cp] Country of publication:United Arab Emirates
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Brassica nigra belonging to the family Brassicaceae (syn - black mustard) comprises of dried seeds and is widely cultivated in Mediterranean region and various other countries like India and Europe. B. nigra contains glycosinolates which undergoes hydrolysis in the presence of myrosinase enzyme yields allyl isothiocyante. The bitter taste and pungent odor is due to the isothiocyanates. B. Nigra shows various activities that are medically important such as anticancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-helminthic, protection against renal and hepatic toxicity and can also be used in diabetes treatment. Black mustards are also used in cardiovascular and neurological disorders. The present review explores the historical background including the macroscopic and microscopic characteristics, chemical constituents, pharmacological action, various evaluation parameters, formulations and uses of black mustard.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.2174/1570163815666180308143400


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