Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Hemiplegia [Words]
References found : 11663 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 1167 go to page                         

  1 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 25024953
[Au] Autor:Lee YH; Yong SY; Kim SH; Kim JH; Shinn JM; Kim Y; Kim S; Hwang S
[Ad] Address:Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea....
[Ti] Title:Functional electrical stimulation to ankle dorsiflexor and plantarflexor using single foot switch in patients with hemiplegia from hemorrhagic stroke.
[So] Source:Ann Rehabil Med;38(3):310-6, 2014 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2234-0645
[Cp] Country of publication:Korea (South)
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) to ankle dorsiflexor (DF) and ankle plantarflexor (PF) on kinematic and kinetic parameters of hemiplegic gait. METHODS: Fourteen post-stroke hemiplegic patients were considered in this study. Electrical stimulation was delivered to ankle DF during the swing phase and ankle PF during the stance phase via single foot switch. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected using a computerized motion analysis system with force plate. Data of no stimulation (NS), DF stimulation only (DS), DF and PF stimulation (DPS) group were compared among each other. RESULTS: Peak ankle dorsiflexion angle during swing phase is significantly greater in DS group (-1.55°±9.10°) and DPS group (-2.23°±9.64°), compared with NS group (-6.71°±11.73°) (p<0.05), although there was no statistically significant difference between DS and DPS groups. Ankle plantarflexion angle at toe-off did not show significant differences among NS, DS, and DPS groups. Peak knee flexion in DPS group (34.12°±13.77°) during swing phase was significantly greater than that of NS group (30.78°±13.64°), or DS group (32.83°±13.07°) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In addition to the usual FES application stimulating ankle DF during the swing phase, stimulation of ankle PF during stance phase can help to increase peak knee flexion during the swing phase. This study shows the advantages of stimulating the ankle DF and PF using single foot switch for post-stroke gait.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140715
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5535/arm.2014.38.3.310

  2 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PubMed Central Full text
Full text

[PMID]: 25013269
[Au] Autor:Song CS
[Ad] Address:Department of Occupational Therapy, Chungnam Provincial Cheongyang College, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Title:Effects of Task-oriented Approach on Affected Arm Function in Children with Spastic Hemiplegia Due to Cerebral Palsy.
[So] Source:J Phys Ther Sci;26(6):797-800, 2014 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0915-5287
[Cp] Country of publication:Japan
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of task-oriented approach on motor function of the affected arm in children with spastic hemiplegia due to cerebral palsy. [Subjects] Twelve children were recruited by convenience sampling from 2 local rehabilitation centers. The present study utilized a one-group pretest-posttest design. All of children received task-oriented training for 6 weeks (40 min/day, 5 days/week) and also underwent regular occupational therapy. Three clinical tests, Box and Block Test (BBT), Manual Ability Measure (MAM-16), and Wee Functional Independence Measure (WeeFIM) were performed 1 day before and after training to evaluate the effects of the training. [Results] Compared with the pretest scores, there was a significant increase in the BBT, MAM-16, and WeeFIM scores of the children after the 6-week practice period. [Conclusion] The results of this study suggest that a task-oriented approach to treatment of the affected arm improves functional activities, such as manual dexterity and fine motor performance, as well as basic daily activities of patients with spastic hemiplegia due to cerebral palsy.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Cu] Class update date: 140714
[Lr] Last revision date:140714
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140711
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1589/jpts.26.797

  3 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PubMed Central Full text
Full text

[PMID]: 24981060
[Au] Autor:Meadmore KL; Exell TA; Hallewell E; Hughes AM; Freeman CT; Kutlu M; Benson V; Rogers E; Burridge JH
[Ad] Address:Faculty of Physical Sciences and Engineering, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. klm@ecs.soton.ac.uk.
[Ti] Title:The application of precisely controlled functional electrical stimulation to the shoulder, elbow and wrist for upper limb stroke rehabilitation: a feasibility study.
[So] Source:J Neuroeng Rehabil;11:105, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1743-0003
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) during repetitive practice of everyday tasks can facilitate recovery of upper limb function following stroke. Reduction in impairment is strongly associated with how closely FES assists performance, with advanced iterative learning control (ILC) technology providing precise upper-limb assistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of extending ILC technology to control FES of three muscle groups in the upper limb to facilitate functional motor recovery post-stroke. METHODS: Five stroke participants with established hemiplegia undertook eighteen intervention sessions, each of one hour duration. During each session FES was applied to the anterior deltoid, triceps, and wrist/finger extensors to assist performance of functional tasks with real-objects, including closing a drawer and pressing a light switch. Advanced model-based ILC controllers used kinematic data from previous attempts at each task to update the FES applied to each muscle on the subsequent trial. This produced stimulation profiles that facilitated accurate completion of each task while encouraging voluntary effort by the participant. Kinematic data were collected using a Microsoft Kinect, and mechanical arm support was provided by a SaeboMAS. Participants completed Fugl-Meyer and Action Research Arm Test clinical assessments pre- and post-intervention, as well as FES-unassisted tasks during each intervention session. RESULTS: Fugl-Meyer and Action Research Arm Test scores both significantly improved from pre- to post-intervention by 4.4 points. Improvements were also found in FES-unassisted performance, and the amount of arm support required to successfully perform the tasks was reduced. CONCLUSIONS: This feasibility study indicates that technology comprising low-cost hardware fused with advanced FES controllers accurately assists upper limb movement and may reduce upper limb impairments following stroke.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/1743-0003-11-105

  4 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy

[PMID]: 24946640
[Au] Autor:Zhu XM; Zheng J; Wang SW
[Ti] Title:[Exploration on new role of ancient perilous but key acupoint of renying (ST 9)].
[So] Source:Zhongguo Zhen Jiu;34(4):367-71, 2014 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0255-2930
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:The specific functions, stimulating methods and ranges of clinical application of Renying (ST 9) are explored. Because Renying (ST 9) is located in the neck which is a dangerous area, it is perilous if the acupoint is stimulated, so it is mostly forbidden in the past dynasties. In recent years, the main stimulating methods for Renying (ST 9) include acupuncture and press. The keys of acupuncture are to apply correct technique of needle insertion and control the depth and direction of needle. The keys of press are focused on strength and time of press. Renying (ST 9) is effective for vertigo, palpitation, asthma, hemiplegia, aphasia, hysteria, acute attack of pain, hyperplasia of mammary, continuous hiccup, disorder of throat and so on. As long as the acupoint location is accurate, manipulation is careful and stimulating method is correct, not only the safety could be guaranteed, but also the function can be well-played in clinical application.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Acupuncture Points
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Acupuncture Therapy/history
China
History, Ancient
Humans
Medicine in Literature
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140620
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  5 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PubMed Central Full text
Full text

[PMID]: 24754873
[Au] Autor:Cai J; Zhang Y; Bai X; Li S; Chen J; Chen R; Lin H; Huang S
[Ti] Title:Postoperative hemorrhage in an elderly patient with a glioblastoma multiform and a calcified chronic subdural hematoma.
[So] Source:World J Surg Oncol;12:110, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1477-7819
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Cases with brain tumor and subdural hematoma are rare; surgical management of the elderly patients with a glioblastoma multiform (GBM) and a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be intractable. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a 77-year-old patient, who had a left front lobe GBM and a giant, calcified, left frontoparietaloccipitotemporal CSDH. The patient recovered well from anesthesia after removal of the GBM and CSDH. However, the patient developed severe hemiplegia and aphasia because of the in-situ hemorrhage 1 day later. Laboratory tests indicated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) leading to the postoperative hemorrhage. The patient was left with hemiparesis and alalia after the in-situ hematoma evacuation. CONCLUSIONS: We presume elderly patients have a higher incidence of postoperative hemorrhage in residual intracranial cavity owing to higher possibility to get DIC. A less aggressive surgical management could be a more appropriate choice.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1406
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-110

  6 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 24463231
[Au] Autor:Uçar DE; Paker N; Bugdayci D
[Ad] Address:Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dicle University Medical Faculty, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
[Ti] Title:Lokomat: a therapeutic chance for patients with chronic hemiplegia.
[So] Source:NeuroRehabilitation;34(3):447-53, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1878-6448
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Treadmill training with partial body weight support has been suggested as a useful strategy for gait rehabilitation after stroke. OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, controlled study of gait training tested the feasibility and potential efficacy of using a robotic-assisted gait device, Lokomat, for treadmill training with partial body weight support in subjects with chronic hemiplegia; the device was also compared with conventional home exercise. METHODS: Twenty-two male ambulatory ischemic or hemorrhagic induced stroke patients with chronic hemiplegia lasting at least 12 months were enrolled in this prospective study. The patients were assigned to either the Lokomat group or the conventional exercise group. The Lokomat group underwent active robotic training for ten sessions (five sessions per week for two weeks). Each session lasted 30 minutes. If a patient missed three consecutive training sessions, he was removed from the study. The Timed Up and Go Test is used to assess mobility and requires both static and dynamic balance. The 10-m Timed Walking Speed Test is designed to determine the patient's overground walking speed. The Mini-Mental State Examination and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used for mental and psychological evaluation; the Functional Ambulation Categories was used to assess ambulatory status. RESULTS: Within each eight-week interval, the patients undergoing the Lokomat training demonstrated significantly greater improvement on the Timed Up and Go Test and 10-m Timed Walking Speed Test than those undergoing conventional training. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of patients in the study, the present data suggests that the robotic-assisted device, Lokomat, provides innovative possibilities for gait training in chronic hemiplegia rehabilitation by training at higher intensity levels for longer durations than traditional home exercise.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1406
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.3233/NRE-141054

  7 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PubMed Central Full text
Full text

[PMID]: 24885965
[Au] Autor:Rathi M; Gundlapalli S; Ramachandran R; Mohindra S; Kaur H; Kumar V; Kohli HS; Gupta KL; Sakhuja V
[Ad] Address:Department of Nephrology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh 160012, India. drmanishrathi2000@yahoo.co.in.
[Ti] Title:A rare case of cytomegalovirus, scedosporium apiospermum and mycobacterium tuberculosis in a renal transplant recipient.
[So] Source:BMC Infect Dis;14:259, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2334
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Renal transplant recipients are at high risk of developing multiple infections, often concomitantly because of their immunocompromised status. Post renal transplant infections are often elusive and require extensive evaluation for proper diagnosis and treatment. A high index of suspicion is required and an attempt should be made to confirm the microbiological diagnosis from each site involved to rule out multiple infections. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 50-year-old female, a renal allograft recipient who presented with left hemiplegia, esophageal ulcers and fever 3 months after her transplant. Esophageal biopsy revealed Cytomegalovirus (CMV) inclusions and the whole blood quantitative CMV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was positive. Neuroimaging showed a brain abscess, stereotactic biopsy from which revealed Scedosporium apiospermum on fungal culture. Her tacrolimus and mycophenolate were stopped and she was managed with intravenous ganciclovir and voriconazole. With these measures, she showed marked improvement in her general and neurological condition. Two months later, she developed recurrence of fever with dry cough. Radiological investigation revealed a cavitating lung lesion, a needle aspiration from which demonstrated acid-fast bacilli. She was started on antituberculous treatment. With these measures, she recovered completely and maintained good graft function despite being on only prednisolone 10 mg once a day. CONCLUSION: Although CMV disease is not uncommon in the first three months post transplant, Scedosporium is a rare cause of brain abscess. On the other hand, tuberculosis is common in transplant recipients, especially in developing countries, like India. However, this is the first case report of occurrence of these three infections in the same patient, demonstrating the importance of a good microbiological work-up from each site involved in immunosuppressed subjects.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1406
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-14-259

  8 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 24902115
[Au] Autor:Abuzayed B; Al-Abadi H; Al-Otti S; Baniyaseen K; Al-Sharki Y
[Ad] Address:From the *Department of Neurosurgery, Al Bashir Government Hospital, Amman, Jordan; and Departments of †Neurosurgery, ‡Surgery, and §Pathology, Prince Hamza Hospital, Amman, Jordan.
[Ti] Title:Neuronavigation-guided endoscopic endonasal resection of extensive skull base mucormycosis complicated with cerebral vasospasm.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;25(4):1319-23, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A 24-year-old woman presented with double vision since 6 months. Examination revealed left eye ptosis and bilateral abducens nerve palsy. Brain computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a bone-eroding mass lesion located in the middle skull base, occupying the posterior ethmoidal cells, the planum sphenoidale, the sphenoid sinus, the lateral recesses of the sphenois sinus, the pterygoid apexes, and the middle and lower clivus, with compression of the inferior wall of the cavernous sinus and the parasellar and paraclival parts of the internal carotid artery. The patient was operated on with extended endoscopic endonasal approach guided with neuronavigation. Total mass resection was achieved. Histopathologic examination revealed mucormycosis infectious mass. On postoperative day 5, the patient developed right hemiplegia, and brain imaging revealed left internal carotid vasospasm. After treatment, the patient improved and was discharged.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Js] Journal subset:D
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000000786

  9 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PubMed Central Full text
Full text

[PMID]: 25002759
[Au] Autor:Patil VC; Choraria K; Desai N; Agrawal S
[Ad] Address:Department of Medicine, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, Satara, Maharashtra, India....
[Ti] Title:Clinical profile and outcome of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis at tertiary care center.
[So] Source:J Neurosci Rural Pract;5(3):218-24, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0976-3147
[Cp] Country of publication:India
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Thrombosis of the cerebral venous sinuses (CVST) is an uncommon form of stroke, usually affecting young individuals. Clinical features of CVST are diverse, and for this reason, high degree of clinical suspect is mandatory to diagnose the conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted over a period of 1 year (Jan 2011 to Dec 2011). This was a retrospective, observational, and noninterventional study. This study was conducted in the Department of Medicine at a tertiary care teaching center. Total 50 patients where diagnosis of CVST was confirmed by computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging brain venogram were included in this study. All patients with diagnosis of CVST were treated according to the standard protocol and guidelines. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The mean and standard deviation were obtained. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the data and P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: Of total 50 patients with diagnosis of CVST, 21 (42%) were males and 29 (58%) were females with 39 ± 10 years and 29 ± 7 years, respectively. Total 45 (90%) patients presented with symptoms of headache and vomiting, 13 (26%) had seizures, 12 (24%) had hemiplegia, and 19 (38%) had fever. A total of 13 (26%) patients had papilledema on fundoscopy. Total 9 (31%) out of 29 patients had diagnosis of CVST during peripartum period. Total 12 (24%) patients had hyperhomocysteinemia. Total 23 (46%) patients had sagittal sinus thrombosis, 10 (20%) had multiple sinus thrombosis, 16 (32%) had sigmoid/transverse sinus thrombosis. There was 1 (2%) patient who had bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis, who presented with bilateral proptosis, conjunctival congestion, and external ophthalmoplegia with a history of acute or chronic maxillary and sphenoid sinusitis. Total 38 patients had evidence of infection in the form of fever, paranasal sinus (PNS) infections, Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Total 19 (38%) patients had a history and evidence of dehydration. Total 8 (16%) patients died during the course of treatment and 42 (84%) were discharged with partial and/or total recovery. Three (6%) patients required neurosurgical intervention in the form of decompressive craniotomy. Eight (16%) patients died with cerebral edema with transtentorial herniation. The mean age of death in male was significantly greater than in female patients with P < 0.02. Majority of patients succumbed had sigmoid, transverse, and/or multiple sinus involvement. Patients with multiple sinus thrombosis had greater case fatality rate. CONCLUSIONS: The current study highlights the burden of CVST in the study population with headache and vomiting, which was the most common presenting complaint. The superior sagittal sinus thrombosis was the most common and bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis was the uncommon affection in CVST. One third of female population was affected in peripartum period. The infection and/or dehydration was the most commonly associated precipitating event for development of CVST and more than one fifth of the population had evidence of hyperhomocysteinemia. Mortality was more in patients with affection of sigmoid, transverse, and/or multiple sinus involvement in male patients and superior sagittal sinus thrombosis in female patients. The treatment of CVST has to be aggressive as morbidity and mortality is relatively minimal compared with the arterial stroke.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Cu] Class update date: 140710
[Lr] Last revision date:140710
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140708
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/0976-3147.133559

  10 / 11663 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 24152618
[Au] Autor:Thaker AA; Schmitt SE; Pollard JR; Dubroff JG
[Ad] Address:From the Department of *Radiology; and †Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
[Ti] Title:Natalizumab-induced progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
[So] Source:Clin Nucl Med;39(7):e365-6, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1536-0229
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A 55-year-old woman with known relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) on natalizumab (Tysabri®) for 3 years was admitted to the hospital with worsening word-finding difficulties and gait instability. Neurologic examination revealed right hemianopia, right arm hemiplegia, right-sided sensory loss, and global aphasia. The patient underwent MRI and PET imaging with concurrent electroencephalogram. She was subsequently diagnosed with natalizumab-induced progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and treated with plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulin, and high-dose intravenous steroids. Steroids were continued over a 3-month hospital course and tapered upon discharge. Speech, arm strength, and ambulation have since improved.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1406
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1097/RLU.0000000000000238


page 1 of 1167 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information