Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Homicide [Words]
References found : 13804 [refine]
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[PMID]: 29522603
[Au] Autor:Quiroga MLÁ
[Ad] Address:Tribunales de minoridad y familia, Cuerpo auxiliar interdisciplinario del Poder Judicial de la Provincia de Mendoza. marquiroga@jus.mendoza.gov.ar.
[Ti] Title:Estudio epidemiológico sobre la conducta homicida en los adolescentes. [Epidemiological study on the homicidal behaviour in teenagers].
[So] Source:Vertex;XXVIII(136):424-429, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0327-6139
[Cp] Country of publication:Argentina
[La] Language:spa
[Ab] Abstract:This study addresses the epidemiology of risk factors and personality traits in adolescents of 16 and 17 years of age, charged with homicide, with a focus on analyzing psychic functioning, socio-demographic variables and family constitution. This is a longitudinal, retrospective and inferential study of the psychiatric assessments of several subjects who were interviewed in the Family Courts of the province of Mendoza. The hypothesis states that adolescents who have violent behavior, impulsivity and diffculty in complying with rules, do so as a result of having been victims of violence in an inadequate family environment. The statistical method employed was ANOVA 2 and sign test for a statically signifcant p<0.05. The study of different variables shows low self-criticism and behavioral disorders in childhood among the subjects.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  2 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29521647
[Au] Autor:Ferguson C; Sutherland T
[Ad] Address:From the School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Title:Murder by Pushing: An Exploratory Analysis of Homicidal Falls From a Height.
[So] Source:Am J Forensic Med Pathol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1533-404X
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The difficulty in classifying manner of death in falls from a height provides offenders an opportunity to avoid detection by having a homicide appear otherwise. Twelve fall homicides were qualitatively examined. Results showed that most homicidal falls occurred at remote outdoor locations, were planned by offenders who were in controlling intimate relationships with the victim, and were motivated by gain. Homicide was established using inconsistencies in offender's statements and the physical evidence, inappropriate postoffense behavior, evidence of planning, and improbable alleged victim behavior. Fall homicides pose unique challenges for investigators and may negatively impact on the criminal justice process.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1097/PAF.0000000000000386

  3 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29518256
[Au] Autor:Prahlow SP; Prahlow JA
[Ad] Address:Florida State University, College of Social Sciences & Public Policy, Tallahassee, FL, 32306.
[Ti] Title:Homicide in a Horse Barn?
[So] Source:J Forensic Sci;, 2018 Mar 08.
[Is] ISSN:1556-4029
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:As forensic scientists and physicians, forensic pathologists are duty-bound to perform their examinations with integrity and professionalism. The practice of medicine requires knowledge regarding the history and presentation of the patient. In forensic pathology, the history includes scene and other investigative information, and the decedent's medical and social history. Such information is important for the correct certification of the cause and manner of death. Herein, the authors present a case originally thought by police and death investigators to represent a sexual-assault-related homicide, as an elderly female's body was found partially nude, and apparently beaten, on the muddy floor of her horse barn. At autopsy, some of the injuries were determined to be postmortem and caused by horses. Additionally, gastric Wishnewsky spots indicated hypothermia as a probable mechanism of death. Finally, an acute hip fracture was identified, which explained why she was incapable of moving from her potentially dangerous environment.
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.13774

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[PMID]: 29415211
[Au] Autor:Slockers MT; Nusselder WJ; Rietjens J; van Beeck EF
[Ad] Address:Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Title:Unnatural death: a major but largely preventable cause-of-death among homeless people?
[So] Source:Eur J Public Health;, 2018 Feb 04.
[Is] ISSN:1464-360X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Background: We aimed to assess the contribution of specific causes-of-death to excess mortality of homeless persons and to identify differences in cause-specific mortality rates after vs. before implementing social policy measures. Methods: We conducted a register based 10-year follow-up study of homeless adults in Rotterdam and calculated the proportion of deaths by cause-of-death in this cohort in the period 2001-2010. We estimated cause-specific mortality among the homeless compared to the general population with Standardized Mortality Ratios. We calculated Hazard Ratios adjusted for age and sex to compare mortality rates by cause-of-death among the homeless in the period after (2006-2010) vs. before (2001-2005) implementing social policy measures. Results: Our cohort consisted of 2130 homeless persons with a mean age of 40, 3 years. Unnatural death, cardiovascular disease and cancer were the main causes of death. Compared to the general population of Rotterdam, the homeless had an excess risk of death for all causes. The largest mortality differences with Rotterdam citizens were observed for unnatural death (SMR 14.8, CI 11.5-18.7), infectious diseases (SMR 10.0, CI 5.2-17.5) and psychiatric disorders (SMR 7.7, CI 4.0-13.5). Mortality due to intentional injuries (suicide and homicide) differed significantly between the two study periods (HR 0.45, CI 0.20-0.97). Conclusions: Reducing unnatural death should be a target in social policies aimed at improving the health of the homeless. We generated the hypothesis that social policies aimed at housing, work and improved contact with health care could be accompanied by less suicides and homicides within this vulnerable group.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/eurpub/cky002

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[PMID]: 29231006
[Au] Autor:Sun ZW; Shi TT; Fu PX
[Ad] Address:Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Title:[Characteristics of Schizophrenia Patients' Homicide Behaviors and Their Correlations with Criminal Capacity].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):32-35, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia ( =110) and normal mental ( =70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared. The influences of the assessments of criminal capacity on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia were also analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical differences between the schizophrenic group and the normal mental group concerning age, gender, education and marital status ( >0.05). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups concerning thought disorder, emotion state and social function before crime ( <0.05) and there were significant statistical differences in some characteristics of the case such as aggressive history ( <0.05), cue, trigger, plan, criminal incentives, object of crime, circumstance cognition and self-protection ( <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that thought disorder, emotion state, social function, criminal incentives, plan and self-protection before crime of the schizophrenic group were positively correlated with the criminal capacity ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The relevant influences of psychopathology and crime characteristics should be considered comprehensively for improving the accuracy of the criminal capacity evaluation on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia with homicide behavior.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Aggression/psychology
Crime
Homicide/psychology
Schizophrenia/diagnosis
Schizophrenic Psychology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Criminals
Forensic Psychiatry
Humans
Motivation
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.008

  6 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29230987
[Au] Autor:Wang J; Fu PX; Gao YL; Zhu MX; Shi TT
[Ad] Address:Forensic Science Center, Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Title:[Comparison of Criminal Characteristics in Depression Patients and Schizophrenics with Homicide Behavior].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(3):244-246, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To explore the criminal characteristics of forensic psychiatry expertise in depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior. METHODS: A total of 40 depression (depressive episode) patients and 50 schizophrenics with homicide behavior were randomly assigned into the study group and control group, respectively. Data of demographic and criminal characteristic of the two groups were collected by a self-designed questionnaire, and then were compared. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in age, education level and career between study and control groups ( >0.05). Compared with the control group, the victims in the study group were mainly the patient's children and parents, and most offenders had suicidal behavior after homicide (70%). In study group, the motives of crime were mainly extended suicide and indirect suicide, and most offenders had attempted suicide (85%) and diminished capacity of criminal responsibility (70%), which in control group had no capacity of criminal responsibility (56%). Except for criminal site, there were statistical differences in other criminal characteristics between two groups ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There are different criminal characteristics between depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior in forensic psychiatry, and these characteristics should be considered when these two diagnoses are distinguished in forensic psychiatry expertise.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.03.006

  7 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29205970
[Au] Autor:Xu WJ; Ji P
[Ad] Address:Criminal Police Brigade of Liyang Public Security Bureau, Liyang 213300, China.
[Ti] Title:[Retrospective Analysis of 17 Family Homicide Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):431-433, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To summarize the characteristics of family homicide cases and to provide reference for the analysis and prevention of such cases. METHODS: Seventeen solved family homicide cases in Liyang from 2004 to 2014 were investigated. The original registration information, record of scene investigation, corpse inspection report and case situation were analyzed statistically. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 17 family homicides cases showed that most victims were female and most suspects were male, and spouse infidelity and suspected spouse infidelity have higher proportion in the motives for the killings. Murders by patients with psychosis, camouflage murders and murder-suicides occupied a certain proportion in the family homicide cases. CONCLUSIONS: The family homicide cases are correlated with the family factors such as extramarital sexual intercourse and murder by patients with psychosis. Some suspects suicided after murder. The tools for committing crimes have the features of simplicity, randomness and easy source availability.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Homicide
Motivation
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Cadaver
Crime Victims
Family
Female
Humans
Male
Psychotic Disorders
Retrospective Studies
Suicide
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.009

  8 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29188668
[Au] Autor:Xie X; Dong XD
[Ad] Address:Criminal Science Office, Suixi Public Security Bureau, Huaibei 235100, China.
[Ti] Title:[Analysis of Forensic Characteristics about 23 Family Homicide Cases].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(4):264-265, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To provide references for forensic analysis of family homicides cases by analyzing the situations of scene, injuries and individual which were related to the family homicide cases in a county. METHODS: The data of 23 family homicide cases from 2004 to 2013 were collected. The basic situation of individual involved, the relationship between dead and suspect, the cause of death, the motive, the location, time and tools of the crime and the behavior of the suspect after crime etc. were analyzed. RESULTS: The characteristics of the 23 family homicides cases showed that couple relationship was the most common relationship; passion killing was the most common motive; local materials were mostly used as the tools for committing crimes; most crimes were committed in residences; most time of crime was night. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of family homicide cases should be based on the scene investigation, the examination of the body and combined with the investigation of the situation.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Homicide
Motivation
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Death
Family
Forensic Sciences
Humans
Retrospective Studies
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.04.007

  9 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29510842
[Au] Autor:Frazer E; Mitchell RA; Nesbitt LS; Williams M; Mitchell EP; Williams RA; Browne D
[Ad] Address:1408 N. Kingshighway Suite 300, St. Louis, MO 63113, USA.
[Ti] Title:The Violence Epidemic in the African American Community: A Call by the National Medical Association for Comprehensive Reform.
[So] Source:J Natl Med Assoc;110(1):4-15, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0027-9684
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:While much progress has occurred since the civil rights act of 1964, minorities have continued to suffer disparate and discriminatory access to economic opportunities, education, housing, health care and criminal justice. The latest challenge faced by the physicians and public health providers who serve the African American community is the detrimental, and seemingly insurmountable, causes and effects of violence in impoverished communities of color. According to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the number one killer of black males ages 10-35 is homicide, indicating a higher rate of violence than any other group. Black females are four times more likely to be murdered by a boyfriend or girlfriend than their white counterparts, and although intimate partner violence has declined for both black and white females, black women are still disproportionately killed. In addition, anxiety and depression that can lead to suicide is on the rise among African American adolescents and adults. Through an examination of the role of racism in the perpetuation of the violent environment and an exploration of the effects of gang violence, intimate partner violence/child maltreatment and police use of excessive force, this work attempts to highlight the repercussions of violence in the African American community. The members of the National Medical Association have served the African American community since 1895 and have been advocates for the patients they serve for more than a century. This paper, while not intended to be a comprehensive literature review, has been written to reinforce the need to treat violence as a public health issue, to emphasize the effect of particular forms of violence in the African American community and to advocate for comprehensive policy reforms that can lead to the eradication of this epidemic. The community of African American physicians must play a vital role in the treatment and prevention of violence as well as advocating for our patients, family members and neighbors who suffer from the preventable effects of violence.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180307
[Lr] Last revision date:180307
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  10 / 13804 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29510362
[Au] Autor:Bitzer S
[Ad] Address:National Institute for Criminalistics and Criminology, Departement of Criminology, Boulevard du Jardin Botanique 50, Brussels 1000, Belgium. Electronic address: Sonja.bitzer@just.fgov.be.
[Ti] Title:Factors leading to the involvement of Forensic Advisors in the Belgian criminal justice system.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Int;285:181-188, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6283
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Forensic Advisors at the National Institute for Criminalistics and Criminology in Brussels act as advising body to the magistrate regarding analytical possibilities and the usefulness of trace analysis in a case. Initially, their function was devised to assist in complex murder cases with unknown offender. However, in a previous study, the increasing diversity of the cases they are requested for has been observed (Bitzer et al., in press). In order to deepen our understanding of the decision steps in the criminal investigation process, the decision to involve a Forensic Advisor and the factors leading to their involvement were evaluated. The study focused on homicide, robbery and burglary cases with and without requests for a Forensic Advisor between January 2014 and June 2016. The factors were categorised into five knowledge dimensions: strategic, immediate, physical, criminal and utility. Decision tree modelling was carried out in order to identify the factors influencing the request for a Forensic Advisor in the case. The decision to request a Forensic Advisor differs between different types of offences. It also depends on the complexity of the case in terms of the number of traces and objects collected at the crime scene, and the availability of witness reports. Indeed, Forensic Advisors take the role of trace analysis coordinator by providing an overview of all available traces, objects, analyses and results. According to the principal implication factors and the performed case study, the contribution of Forensic Advisors consists mainly in summarising all information and advise on potential additional analyses. This might be explained by a loss of overview of the information and the possibilities regarding trace analysis by the magistrate responsible of the case.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180306
[Lr] Last revision date:180306
[St] Status:Publisher


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