Database : MEDLINE
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[PMID]: 25055538
[Au] Autor:Korolev MP; Fedotov LE; Avanesian RG; Fedotov BL; Khuseinov GA
[Ti] Title:[Modern methods of low-invasive treatment of the stricture and damage of the pancreatic duct, pancreatolithiasis].
[So] Source:Vestn Khir Im I I Grek;173(2):66-71, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:0042-4625
[Cp] Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
[La] Language:rus
[Ab] Abstract:The authors analyzed the experience of diagnostics and treatment of 49 patients. It was shown, that low-invasive methods of treatment (the endoscopic lithoextraction, stenting, surgical drainage) should be the priority means in treatment of pancreatolithiasis, strictures and cases of the pancreatic duct damage. The lethality consisted of 2.04% in these interventions.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Endoscopy, Digestive System
Lithiasis
Pancreatic Ducts
Pancreatitis, Chronic
Postoperative Complications
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods
Constriction, Pathologic/radiography
Constriction, Pathologic/surgery
Decompression, Surgical/methods
Endoscopy, Digestive System/instrumentation
Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods
Female
Humans
Lithiasis/complications
Lithiasis/surgery
Male
Pancreatic Ducts/pathology
Pancreatic Ducts/physiopathology
Pancreatic Ducts/surgery
Pancreatitis, Chronic/diagnosis
Pancreatitis, Chronic/etiology
Pancreatitis, Chronic/physiopathology
Pancreatitis, Chronic/surgery
Postoperative Complications/etiology
Postoperative Complications/prevention & control
Stents
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive/methods
Treatment Outcome
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140724
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  2 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25055507
[Au] Autor:Mirchuk KK; Sedletskii IuI
[Ti] Title:[Prevention of side effects and complications after operation for partial ileal bypass].
[So] Source:Vestn Khir Im I I Grek;173(1):34-8, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:0042-4625
[Cp] Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
[La] Language:rus
[Ab] Abstract:Side effects and complications of the application of partial ileal bypass used for dislipidemia were analyzed in 162 patients with atherosclerosis. It was shown, that the partial ileal bypass operation could lead to the development of series of undesirable side effects such as diarrhea, hypovitaminosis B12, off-state intestine enteritis. The application of modification of partial ileal bypass such as formation of ileo-ileoanastomosis 5-6 cm long near ileocecal valve with the maintenance of its functions disposed the diarrhea and minimized the risk of the development of hypovitaminosis B12 after operation. It is possible to prevent the development of enteritis of off-state loop of the small intestine by using microanastomosis between off-state and functioning iliac intestine. The partial ileal bypass operation didn't influence on body weight, wouldn't increase the risk of stone formation in the gallbladder and kidneys. The risk of the development of hypovitaminosis B12 is minimal after operation.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Anastomosis, Surgical
Diarrhea
Dyslipidemias/surgery
Ileum/surgery
Postoperative Complications/prevention & control
Urolithiasis
Vitamin B 12 Deficiency
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects
Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
Diarrhea/etiology
Diarrhea/prevention & control
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Ileum/metabolism
Ileum/physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications/diagnosis
Postoperative Complications/metabolism
Postoperative Complications/physiopathology
Retrospective Studies
Time
Treatment Outcome
Urolithiasis/etiology
Urolithiasis/prevention & control
Vitamin B 12 Deficiency/etiology
Vitamin B 12 Deficiency/prevention & control
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140724
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  3 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24361748
[Au] Autor:Luo H; Turner LR; Hurst C; Mai H; Zhang Y; Tong S
[Ad] Address:School of Public Health and Social Work, Institute of Health Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Guangdong Institute of Health Inspection, Guangzhou, China....
[Ti] Title:Exposure to ambient heat and urolithiasis among outdoor workers in Guangzhou, China.
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;472:1130-6, 2014 Feb 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of exposure to ambient heat on urolithiasis among outdoor workers in a subtropical city of China. METHODS: The 2003-2010 health check data of a shipbuilding company in Guangzhou, China were acquired. 190 cases and 760 matched controls were involved in this study. We assessed the relationship between exposure to ambient heat and urolithiasis for different occupations using conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: Spray painters were most likely to develop urolithiasis (OR=4.4; 95% CI: 1.7, 11.4), followed by smelter workers (OR=4.0; 95% CI: 1.8, 9.2), welders (OR=3.7; 95% CI: 1.9, 7.2), production security and quality inspectors (OR=2.7; 95% CI: 1.4, 3.0), and assemblers (OR=2.2; 95% CI: 1.1, 4.3). Overall, outdoor workers were more likely to present with urolithiasis compared with indoor employees (p<0.05). In addition, workers with longer cumulative exposure time (OR=1.5; 95% CI: 1.2, 1.8) and abnormal blood pressure (OR=1.6; 95% CI: 1.0, 2.5) had higher risk for urolithiasis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a significant association between exposure to ambient heat and urolithiasis among outdoor working populations. Public health intervention strategies should be developed to specifically target outdoor occupations.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data
Urolithiasis/epidemiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
China
Female
Hot Temperature
Humans
Male
Occupational Exposure/analysis
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140127
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  4 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24359768
[Au] Autor:Bodakhe KS; Namdeo KP; Patra KC; Machwal L; Pareta SK
[Ad] Address:S.L.T. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilapur, India....
[Ti] Title:A polyherbal formulation attenuates hyperoxaluria-induced oxidative stress and prevents subsequent deposition of calcium oxalate crystals and renal cell injury in rat kidneys.
[So] Source:Chin J Nat Med;11(5):466-71, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1875-5364
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:INTRODUCTION: Cystone is an approved Ayurvedic polyherbal proprietary medicine used in India for various urinary disorders, including urolithiasis. AIM: To evaluate the protective effect of Cystone against hyperoxaluria-induced oxidative stress and calcium oxalate crystal deposition in urolithiasis. METHODS: Ethylene glycol (EG) (0.75%, V/V) in drinking water was given to rats for 28 days to induce urolithiasis with simultaneous treatment of Cystone (500 and 750 mg/kg body weight), and various urinary risk factors of urolithiasis and antioxidant markers were assessed. RESULTS: EG treatment lead to increased urine volume and lowered urinary pH, along with increased urinary excretion of oxalate, calcium and phosphate in untreated animals. These changes caused extensive calcium oxalate crystal deposition, increased lipid peroxidation and decreased activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, catalase and GPx) in the kidney of untreated rats. Cystone prevented these hyperoxaluric manifestations and inhibited calcium oxalate crystal deposition in treated rats at both doses. CONCLUSIONS: Cystone therapy provides protection against hyperoxaluria-induced oxidative stress and calcium oxalate crystal deposition by improving renal tissue antioxidant status and diuresis.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Calcium Oxalate/metabolism
Hyperoxaluria/drug therapy
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Plant Extracts/administration & dosage
Plants, Medicinal/chemistry
Urolithiasis/drug therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Calcium Oxalate/chemistry
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
Humans
Hyperoxaluria/metabolism
India
Kidney/drug effects
Kidney/metabolism
Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects
Male
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Urolithiasis/metabolism
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (cystone); 2612HC57YE (Calcium Oxalate)
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:131223
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  5 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24703459
[Au] Autor:Elkoushy MA; Yu AX; Tabah R; Payne RJ; Dragomir A; Andonian S
[Ad] Address:Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Urology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt....
[Ti] Title:Determinants of urolithiasis before and after parathyroidectomy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
[So] Source:Urology;84(1):22-6, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1527-9995
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To assess the determinants of urolithiasis in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) before and after parathyroidectomy (PTX). METHODS: Institutional Research Ethics approval was obtained. A retrospective review was performed for patients presenting with PHPT to the stone, surgical oncology, and otolaryngology clinics at 2 tertiary-care centers from January 2006 to November 2011. Demographic, clinical, and surgical data were collected together with 24-hour urine collections before and after PTX. RESULTS: Of 332 patients undergoing PTX, 255 (68.2% female patients) had PHPT. Mean age was 60.3 years (range, 18-91). Before PTX, renal calcification was detected in 51 (20%) patients, nephrolithiasis in 48 (18.8%), and nephrocalcinosis in 3 (1.2%) patients. Compared with PHPT patients without stones, PHPT patients with stones were significantly younger (56.4 vs 61.3 years, P=.02), less likely to be female (54.9% vs 71.9%, P=.03), and had significantly lower levels of vitamin D (19.7 vs 23.5 ng/mL, P=.03). Nine patients (3.5%) developed stones after PTX and were found to have significantly higher post-PTX total serum calcium levels when compared with those without stones. Although hypercalciuria was detected in 62% of pre-PTX stone formers, none of those who tested had post-PTX hypercalciuria (P<.001). On multivariate regression analysis, post-PTX stone formation was associated with male gender (adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 6.8 [5.3-7.2], P=.01) and post-PTX hypercalcemia (adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 1.48 [1.33-2.12], P=.02). CONCLUSION: Pre-PTX urolithiasis was associated with younger age, male gender, and lower levels of vitamin D, whereas post-PTX urolithiasis was independently predicted by male gender and hypercalcemia.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications
Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery
Parathyroidectomy
Urolithiasis/etiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Urolithiasis/epidemiology
Urolithiasis/metabolism
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140630
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  6 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24036823
[Au] Autor:Igoumenakis D; Athanasiou S; Mezitis M
[Ad] Address:From the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital of Attica "KAT," Athens, Greece.
[Ti] Title:A bizarre cause of extensive oronasal fistula.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;24(5):e483-4, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Oronasal fistula is defined as an abnormal duct, connecting the nasal with the oral cavity. We present an extremely rare case of oronasal fistula associated with rhinolithiasis. The particular case presents the unique feature of a palatal defect, being large enough to enable the in toto removal of the rhinolith. A 2-layer closure of the fistula was finally undertaken, by utilizing a vestibular and a palatal mucoperiosteal flap.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Lithiasis/complications
Nose Diseases/complications
Oral Fistula/etiology
Respiratory Tract Fistula/etiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Lithiasis/surgery
Middle Aged
Nose Diseases/surgery
Oral Fistula/surgery
Respiratory Tract Fistula/surgery
Surgical Flaps
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1409
[Js] Journal subset:D
[Da] Date of entry for processing:130916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0b013e318290336d

  7 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24956343
[Au] Autor:Georgescu D; Multescu R; Geavlete B; Geavlete P
[Ti] Title:Intraoperative complications after 8150 semirigid ureteroscopies for ureteral lithiasis: risk analysis and management.
[So] Source:Chirurgia (Bucur);109(3):369-74, 2014 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1221-9118
[Cp] Country of publication:Romania
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To evaluate semirigid retrograde ureteroscopy complications on a significant series of patients and to establish the factors associated with the occurrence of intraoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 1994 and June 2013, 8150 semirigid ureteroscopic procedures for ureteral lithiasis were performed in 7456 patients. We used semirigid ureteroscopes(8 9.8F Wolf, 8 and 10F Storz, Olympus Endoeye digital 8.5 9.9F). Lithotripsy was done with pneumatic, electrohydraulic or Ho:YAG laser lithotripters. The preoperative parameters including gender, calculi location and size, impaction, degree of hydronephrosis, stone number and associated malformation as well as intraoperative aspects (stone extractors, fragmentation devices, operative time and surgeon experience) were evaluated in relation with complication rate. RESULTS: The stone-free rate after a single ureteroscopic procedure was 90.9%. Intraoperative incidents occurred in 348 cases (4.3%). The overall rate of intraoperative complications was 2.8% (228 cases). These were represented by lesions of the ureteral mucosa (139 cases), perforation (58 cases), bleeding (16 cases), ureteral avulsion (3 cases) and extra-ureteral stone migration (12 cases). Statistical analysis shows a significant association between the complication rate on the one hand and stone size, location and impaction,operative time and surgeon experience on the other hand. CONCLUSIONS: Due to technological advances and increased experience, the semirigid retrograde ureteroscopic treatment of ureteral lithiasis increased efficacy, while the incidence of intraoperative complications decreased. Most of these complications are minor and can be managed by conservative approach.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Intraoperative Period
Lithotripsy/adverse effects
Ureter/injuries
Ureteral Calculi/therapy
Ureteroscopes/adverse effects
Ureteroscopy/adverse effects
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Female
Humans
Lithotripsy/methods
Lithotripsy, Laser/adverse effects
Male
Middle Aged
Operative Time
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ureteral Calculi/pathology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140624
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  8 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24972555
[Au] Autor:Cho HJ; Bae WJ; Kim SJ; Hong SH; Lee JY; Hwang TK; Choi YJ; Hwang SY; Kim SW
[Ad] Address:Department of Urology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-040, Korea.
[Ti] Title:The inhibitory effect of an ethanol extract of the spores of Lygodium japonicum on ethylene glycol-induced kidney calculi in rats.
[So] Source:Urolithiasis;42(4):309-15, 2014 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2194-7236
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We investigated the effect of an ethanol extract of Lygodii spora (LS) as a preventive and therapeutic agent for experimentally induced calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis with ethylene glycol (EG) in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into preventive (n = 18, for 28 days) and therapeutic (n = 24, for 42 days) groups. The preventive group was further subdivided into three groups of six rats each: preventive control, preventive lithiatic control (EG) and preventive lithiatic LS (EG + 400 mg/kg LS). Similarly, the therapeutic group was subdivided into four groups of six rats each: therapeutic control, therapeutic lithiatic control, therapeutic lithiatic untreated, and therapeutic lithiatic LS. Lithiasis was induced by adding 0.75% EG to the drinking water of all groups except the preventive and therapeutic control groups. Preventive and therapeutic subjects also received the LS ethanol extract in drinking water at a dose of 400 mg/kg, since day 0 or day 28, respectively. At the end of the each experimental period, various biochemical parameters were measured in urine and kidney homogenates. The kidneys were subjected to histopathological analysis. The results revealed that treatment with the LS preventive protocol significantly decreased the levels of urinary calcium, oxalate and uric acid, and increased the levels of urinary citrate as compared to those in the EG control. No significant changes in the urinary parameters except oxalate and citrate levels were observed in the rats in the therapeutic protocol. In both preventive and therapeutic protocols, the extract significantly decreased kidney peroxides, renal calcium, oxalate content, and the number of kidney oxalate deposits as compared to those in the EG group. We conclude that LS is useful as a preventive and therapeutic agent against the formation of oxalate kidney stones.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1407
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00240-014-0674-z

  9 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25152990
[Au] Autor:Piccinni G; Sciusco A; De Luca GM; Gurrado A; Pasculli A; Testini M
[Ad] Address:Unit of Endocrine, Digestive and Emergency Surgery; Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of General and Oncologic Surgery, University Medical School of Bari "Aldo Moro". Bari, Italy....
[Ti] Title:Minimally invasive treatment of Mirizzi's syndrome: is there a safe way? Report of a case series.
[So] Source:Ann Hepatol;13(5):558-64, 2014 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1665-2681
[Cp] Country of publication:Mexico
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mirizzi's syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of the inveterate biliary lithiasis. Diagnostic and therapeutic standardization is still missing, especially since laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard approach for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Our study is a retrospective analysis based on a case-series. It considered 370 cholecystectomies performed from 2006 to 2011. We selected 11 patients affected by MS (2.97%). We divided them according to Csendes' classification. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP) was used for biliary drainage when the patient suffered jaundice and/or cholangitis and, preoperatively, to confirm the suspicion of MS obtained through Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography (MRCP). We found it useful to exploit nasobiliary drainage (NBD) for intra-operative check of the biliary tree. In all 5 patients of the type 1 group MS was discovered intraoperatively and treated with Laparoscopic Sub-total Cholecystectomy (LSC). One patient suffered from biliary leakage, solved with NBD positioning. The type 2 group was made up of 2 women and 1 man. All of them were preoperatively submitted to ERCP and NBD positioning. Two underwent LSC and one was converted to laparotomy. The type 3 was represented by a 63-year-old woman suffering from recurrent cholangitis. She was submitted to MRCP, ERCP and then underwent LSC. The 2 patients affected by type 4 underwent open biliary reconstruction. In conclusion, every attempt should be made to identify MS prior to LCS since it will allow NBD insertion by ERCP. Once LCS is initiated, if MS is identified intra-operatively, we can provide the most practical surgical options.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  10 / 5697 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24346006
[Au] Autor:Bourdoumis A; Stasinou T; Kachrilas S; Papatsoris AG; Buchholz N; Masood J
[Ad] Address:Endourology and Stones Services, Barts Health NHS Trust, 9th Floor, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK....
[Ti] Title:Thromboprophylaxis and bleeding diathesis in minimally invasive stone surgery.
[So] Source:Nat Rev Urol;11(1):51-8, 2014 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1759-4820
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:With populations ageing and active treatment of urinary stones increasingly in demand, more patients with stones are presenting with an underlying bleeding disorder or need for regular thromboprophylaxis, by means of antiplatelet and other medication. A practical guide to thromboprophylaxis in the treatment of urinary tract lithiasis has not yet been established. Patients can be stratified according to levels of risk of arterial and venous thromboembolism, which influence the requirements for antiplatelet and anticoagulant medications, respectively. Patients should also be stratified according to their risk of bleeding. Consideration of the combined risks of bleeding and thromboembolism should determine the perioperative thromboprophylactic strategy. The choice of shockwave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy or ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy for treatment of lithiasis should be determined with regard to these risks. Although ureteroscopy is the preferred method in high-risk patients, shockwave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy can be chosen when indicated, if appropriate guidelines are strictly followed.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control
Kidney Calculi/surgery
Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods
Postoperative Complications/prevention & control
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive/methods
Thrombolytic Therapy/methods
Thrombosis/prevention & control
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Humans
Thrombosis/etiology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nrurol.2013.278


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