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[PMID]: 29453613
[Au] Autor:Adam M; Elhassan GOM; Yagi S; Senol FS; Orhan IE; Ahmed AA; Efferth T
[Ad] Address:Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
[Ti] Title:In Vitro Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of 18 Plants from the Erkowit Region, Eastern Sudan.
[So] Source:Nat Prod Bioprospect;, 2018 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:2192-2195
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We investigated the antioxidant potential and cytotoxicity towards human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells of 57 extracts obtained from 18 plants collected in the Erkowit region, eastern Sudan. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effects against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DMPD), metal-chelation capacity, ferric-reducing (FRAP) and phosphomolibdenum-reducing antioxidant power (PRAP) methods using ELISA microtiter assays. Total phenol and flavonoid amounts of the extracts were determined spectrophotometrically. Cytotoxicity towards CCRF-CEM cells was evaluated by the resazurin reduction assay. Geranium favosum followed by Kalanchoe glaucescens, Malva parviflora, Aizoon canariense, and Coleus barbatus, respectively, possessed the highest antioxidant activity among the studied plants. Chrozophora oblongifolia and K. glaucescens exerted considerable cytotoxicity against CCRF-CEM leukemia cells. These plants may serve as source for the further development of natural antioxidant and antitumor agents.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180217
[Lr] Last revision date:180217
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s13659-018-0155-0

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[PMID]: 29415748
[Au] Autor:Akgul A; Akgul A; Senol SG; Yildirim H; Secmen O; Dogan Y
[Ad] Address:Department of Infectious Diseases & Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. aliakgul@ufl.edu.
[Ti] Title:An ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Turkey), a city on the silk road where cultures meet.
[So] Source:J Ethnobiol Ethnomed;14(1):12, 2018 Feb 07.
[Is] ISSN:1746-4269
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area. Ninety-two traditionally used plant species were reported from Midyat and surrounding vicinities in Turkey. Among the 92 taxa (129 usages), 35% were used for medical purposes, 22% for food, 13% for animal fodder, 7% as ornamental plants and dyes, 6% as brooms, 4% for latex and as fragrance, 4% for herbal tea, molasses and wine preparation, 3% for agricultural purposes, and 6% for other purposes. Comparative assessment showed that Teucrium polium (0.51), Matricaria aurea (0.26), Alcea setosa (0.21), and Malva neglecta (0.21) have the highest recorded UVs and the following taxa had UVs between 0.10-0.20: Anthemis cotula (0.12), Allium cepa (0.13), Alcea striata subsp. striata (0.14), Crupina crupinastrum (0.12), Papaver rhoeas (0.13), Salvia multicaulis (0.14), Thymbra spicata (0.11), and Vicia pannonica subsp. striata (0.15). We reported the ethnobotanical usages of 21 taxa for the first time, in addition to indicating usages previously recorded in the literature. We also recorded four endemic plant usages in the area: Alkanna trichophila var. mardinensis, Centaurea kurdica, Centaurea stapfiana, and Sideritis libanotica subsp. linearis. They have variable leaf and flower morphology that are used traditionally. They are present as well-developed populations and thus their conservation status is not compromised. Additionally, Thymbra sintenisii is a recorded species that is classified as a rare and extensively used species in the region. CONCLUSIONS: These results contribute to the fundamental knowledge of ethnobotanical usages in Midyat. To date, ethnobotanical studies have not been carried out in this region. This investigation uncovered usages of endemic medicinal plant species and traditional knowledge of Midyat communities living in a mixed culture. The people of Midyat, Batman, and Sirnak are Turkish citizens from various ethnic backgrounds, such as Kurdish, Arabic, and Syriac. We compared our data with results from other studies conducted in Turkey, particularly in south-eastern and eastern regions, as well as with studies from bordering countries, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Iran. Nonetheless, more work needs to be conducted to extend the present knowledge for locals to contribute to and evaluate economic potential in the region.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180216
[Lr] Last revision date:180216
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13002-017-0201-8

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[PMID]: 29430962
[Au] Autor:Braga AS; Pires JG; Magalhães AC
[Ad] Address:a Department of Biological Sciences, Bauru School of Dentistry , University of São Paulo , Bauru , SP , Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Effect of a mouthrinse containing Malva sylvestris on the viability and activity of microcosm biofilm and on enamel demineralization compared to known antimicrobials mouthrinses.
[So] Source:Biofouling;:1-10, 2018 Feb 11.
[Is] ISSN:1029-2454
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial (anti-biofilm) and anti-caries (enamel demineralization prevention) effects of Malva sylvestris (Malvatricin Plus) compared with known antimicrobial mouthrinses. Microcosm biofilm was produced on enamel, using inoculum from pooled human saliva mixed with McBain saliva (0.2% sucrose) for 14 days. The biofilm was treated with mouthrinses for 1 min day . Oral-B Complete, Listerine Zero and Malvatricin Plus had the greatest effect on the reduction of biofilm viability (p < 0.0001). On the other hand, lactic acid production was reduced significantly with PerioGard , Noplak Max and Listerine Zero compared with the control (p < 0.0001). No significant differences were found among the mouthrinses with respect to the colony-forming unit counting (total microorganisms, total streptococci, mutans streptococci and lactobacilli) and extracellular polysaccharide production. Enamel demineralization was reduced significantly with PerioGard , Noplak Max and Malvatricin Plus compared with the control (p < 0.0001). Malva sylvestris has a comparable anti-caries effect to chlorhexidine mouthrinses.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180212
[Lr] Last revision date:180212
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1080/08927014.2018.1428957

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[PMID]: 29289893
[Au] Autor:Bao L; Bao X; Li P; Wang X; Ao W
[Ad] Address:College of Mongolian Medicine, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao, 028000, China. Electronic address: blmweq@163.com.
[Ti] Title:Chemical profiling of Malva verticillata L. by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and their antioxidant activity in vitro.
[So] Source:J Pharm Biomed Anal;150:420-426, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1873-264X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Malva verticillata L. (M. verticillata) is an edible medicinal plant. Its dry, mature seeds are used in Traditional Mongolian Medicine. Nevertheless, detailed information regarding its chemical composition remains scarce. In this study, nineteen compounds were identified preliminarily using a UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method. All of the compounds from M. verticillata are reported for the first time. M. verticillata is shown to be a rich source of phenolics, and the total phenolic content in the leaves, stems and seeds is 110.32 ±â€¯3.45 mg GAE/g extract, 97.98 ±â€¯4.19 mg GAE/g extract and 40.85 ±â€¯7.63 mg GAE/g extract, respectively. The leaves are ideal for scavenging ABTS free radicals and possess ferric reducing antioxidant power, and the seeds are ideal for scavenging DPPH free radicals. M. verticillata is a rich source of natural antioxidants. These findings support the notion that M. verticillata is a functional food and can be used in nutraceutical applications.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180113
[Lr] Last revision date:180113
[St] Status:In-Process

  5 / 702 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29276216
[Au] Autor:Qin H; Qin J; Hu J; Huang H; Ma L
[Ad] Address:Department of Neurosurgery, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
[Ti] Title:Malva Sylvestris Attenuates Cognitive Deficits in a Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Rat Model by Reducing Neuronal Degeneration and Astrocytosis in the Hippocampus.
[So] Source:Med Sci Monit;23:6099-6106, 2017 Dec 25.
[Is] ISSN:1643-3750
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of Malva sylvestris (MS) on cognitive dysfunction in a repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). MATERIAL AND METHODS MTBI was induced in all the study animals by hitting a metallic pendulum near the parietal-occipital area of the skull three times a day for ten days. Animals were treated with MS (250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg) intragastrically per day for seven consecutive days. Cognitive function was estimated by the Morris water maze (MWM) method. Histopathology studies were performed on the hippocampal region by Nissl staining and anti GFAP staining. Concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and oxidative parameters including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and lipid peroxidation (LPO), and inflammatory cytokines in the brain tissues were measured. RESULTS Treatment with MS significantly improved cognitive function compared to the negative control. Histopathology studies suggested that treatment with MS significantly decreased (p<0.01) the count of neurodegenerative cells and induction of astrocytosis in the MTBI treated group compared to the negative control group. However, the concentrations of ROS and LPO, and the activities of SOD and CAT were significantly decreased in the MS treated groups of MTBI rats compared to the negative control group. Inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1ß, IL6, and TNF-α were significantly decreased (p<0.01) in the brain tissues of the MTBI treated group compared to the control group of rats. CONCLUSIONS This study concluded that treatment with MS significantly improved cognitive dysfunction by reducing neurodegeneration and astrocytosis in brain tissues via decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation in neuronal cells.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180107
[Lr] Last revision date:180107
[St] Status:In-Process

  6 / 702 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28456920
[Au] Autor:Mayerová M; Petrová S; Madaras M; Lipavský J; Simon T; Vanek T
[Ad] Address:Division of Crop Management System, Crop Research Institute, 161 06, Prague, Czech Republic. mayerova@vurv.cz.
[Ti] Title:Non-enhanced phytoextraction of cadmium, zinc, and lead by high-yielding crops.
[So] Source:Environ Sci Pollut Res Int;24(17):14706-14716, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1614-7499
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Heavy metal soil contamination from mining and smelting has been reported in several regions around the world, and phytoextraction, using plants to accumulate risk elements in aboveground harvestable organs, is a useful method of substantially reducing this contamination. In our 3-year experiment, we tested the hypothesis that phytoextraction can be successful in local soil conditions without external fertilizer input. The phytoextraction efficiency of 15 high-yielding crop species was assessed in a field experiment performed at the Litavka River alluvium in the Príbram region of Czechia. This area is heavily polluted by Cd, Zn, and Pb from smelter installations which also polluted the river water and flood sediments. Heavy metal concentrations were analyzed in the herbaceous plants' aboveground and belowground biomass and in woody plants' leaves and branches. The highest Cd and Zn mean concentrations in the aboveground biomass were recorded in Salix x fragilis L. (10.14 and 343 mg kg in twigs and 16.74 and 1188 mg kg in leaves, respectively). The heavy metal content in woody plants was significantly higher in leaves than in twigs. In addition, Malva verticillata L. had the highest Cd, Pb, and Zn concentrations in herbaceous species (6.26, 12.44, and 207 mg kg , respectively). The calculated heavy metal removal capacities in this study proved high phytoextraction efficiency in woody species; especially for Salix × fragilis L. In other tested plants, Sorghum bicolor L., Helianthus tuberosus L., Miscanthus sinensis Andersson, and Phalaris arundinacea L. species are also recommended for phytoextraction.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Metals, Heavy/analysis
Soil Pollutants/analysis
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Agriculture
Biodegradation, Environmental
Cadmium
Fertilizers
Lead
Malva
Zinc
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Fertilizers); 0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); 2P299V784P (Lead); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 171215
[Lr] Last revision date:171215
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11356-017-9051-0

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[PMID]: 29155898
[Au] Autor:Najafi H; Mohamadi Yarijani Z; Changizi-Ashtiyani S; Mansouri K; Modarresi M; Madani SH; Bastani B
[Ad] Address:Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
[Ti] Title:Protective effect of Malva sylvestris L. extract in ischemia-reperfusion induced acute kidney and remote liver injury.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0188270, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mallow (Malva sylvestris L.) has had medicinal and therapeutic uses in addition to its oral consumption. The present study was conducted to examine the protective effect of Malva sylvestris L. extract on ischemia-reperfusion-induced kidney injury and remote organ injuries in the liver. Before ischemia-reperfusion, rats in the different groups received intraperitoneal normal saline or mallow extract at the doses of 200, 400 or 600 mg/kg of body weight. After 30-minutes of bilateral renal ischemia followed by 24-hours of reperfusion, tissue damage in the kidney and liver samples were determined through studying H&E-stained slides under a light microscope. The degree of leukocyte infiltration and tissue mRNA expressions of TNF- and ICAM-1 were then measured to examine the degree of renal inflammation. The renal tissue MDA and FRAP levels were measured for determining the amount of oxidative stress. Plasma concentrations of creatinine, urea, ALT and ALP were also measured. Ischemia-reperfusion led to a significant increase in plasma concentrations of creatinine, urea, ALT and ALP, and renal tissue MDA, and a significant decrease in renal tissue FRAP. The expression of pro-inflammatory factors in the kidney tissue, the level of leukocyte infiltration and the amount of tissue damage in the kidney and liver also increased. Pretreatment by mallow extract led to a significant improvement in all the variables measured. The 200- and 400-mg doses yielded better results in most parameters compared to the 600-mg dose. The findings showed that mallow extract protects the kidney against ischemia-reperfusion and reduces remote organ injury in the liver.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171120
[Lr] Last revision date:171120
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188270

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[PMID]: 29099738
[Au] Autor:Martins CAF; Campos ML; Irioda AC; Stremel DP; Trindade ACLB; Pontarolo R
[Ad] Address:Department of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal do Paraná, 632 Lothário Meissner Avenue, Curitiba 80210-170, Brazil. cleverson.afm@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Malva sylvestris, Sida cordifolia, and Pelargonium graveolens Is Related to Inhibition of Prostanoid Production.
[So] Source:Molecules;22(11), 2017 Nov 03.
[Is] ISSN:1420-3049
[Cp] Country of publication:Switzerland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The ability of plant extracts and preparations to reduce inflammation has been proven by different means in experimental models. Since inflammation enhances the release of specific mediators, inhibition of their production can be used to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of plants widely used in folk medicine for this purpose. The study was performed for leaves and flowers of , and leaves of and . These are three plant species known in Brazil as Malva. The anti-inflammatory activity of extracts and fractions (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and residual) was evaluated by quantitation of prostaglandins (PG) PGE2, PGD2, PGF , and thromboxane B2 (the stable nonenzymatic product of TXA2) concentration in the supernatant of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- induced RAW 264.7 cells. Inhibition of anti-inflammatory mediator release was observed for plants mainly in the crude extract, ethyl acetate fraction, and residual fraction. The results suggest superior activity of , leading to significantly lower values of all mediators after treatment with its residual fraction, even at the lower concentration tested (10 µg/mL). and showed similar results, such as the reduction of all mediators after treatment, with leaf crude extracts (50 µg/mL). These results suggest that the three species known as Malva have anti-inflammatory properties, being the most potent.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171103
[Lr] Last revision date:171103
[St] Status:In-Process

  9 / 702 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28886527
[Au] Autor:Zuo H; Li Y; Cui Y; An Y
[Ad] Address:Cardiovascular Division, The Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266021, China.
[Ti] Title:Cardioprotective effect of Malva sylvestris L. in myocardial ischemic/reprefused rats.
[So] Source:Biomed Pharmacother;95:679-684, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1950-6007
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: The present investigation evaluated the cardioprotective effect of Malva sylvestris L. (MS) on myocardial ischemic/reperfusion (MI/R) in rats. METHODS: All animals were divided into four groups: the sham operated group, ischemia/reperfusion group (MI/R), and the MS (250 and 500mg/kg) treated groups, who received MS 250 and 500mg/kg intragastrically for 15 consecutive days, respectively. At the end of the protocol, concentrations of aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were estimated in serum and the concentrations of other parameters, such as C-reactive protein, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1α), and nitric oxide (NO) were also estimated in the blood. Tissue homogenate concentrations of inflammatory cytokines, such as tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interlukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-10 and IL-6 as well as oxidative stress parameters, such as lipid peroxidation, catalase, and superoxide dismutase were estimated in MI/R rats. RESULT: Significant decreases (p<0.01) in AST, LDH, and CK-MB levels were observed in the MS-treated group compared with those in the MI/R group. C-reactive protein and MIP-1α levels decreased in the MS-treated group compared with those in the MI/R group. Plasma NO level was significantly enhanced in the MS-treated group than in the MI/R group. Moreover, treatment with MS significantly reduced TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels and increased IL-10 levels in the MS group compared with the MI/R group. Treatment with MS also attenuated the altered oxidative stress parameters in MI/R rats. CONCLUSION: The present results indicate the cardioprotective effects of MS of reducing oxidative stress and the inflammatory response in MI/R rats.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 171024
[Lr] Last revision date:171024
[St] Status:In-Process

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[PMID]: 28778164
[Au] Autor:Shah NA; Khan MR; Nigussie D
[Ad] Address:Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan. drnaseeralishah@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Phytochemical investigation and nephroprotective potential of Sida cordata in rat.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):388, 2017 Aug 04.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Plants are an efficient source of natural antioxidant against free radicals causing kidney damages. Sida cordata ethyl acetate fraction has been reported for strong in vitro antioxidant potency, previously. In the present study, our objective was to evaluate its in vivo antioxidant potency against CCl induced nephrotoxicity and investigates the bioactive phytochemicals by HPLC-DAD analysis. METHODS: Phytochemical analysis was performed by HPLC-DAD methodology. For in vivo study, 42 male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with alternatively managed doses for 60 days. Group I animals were remained untreated. Group II animals were treated with vehicle (1 mL of olive oil) by intragastric route on alternate days. Group III was treated with 30% CCl (1 mL/kg b.w.) i.p. Group IV was treated with 30% CCl (1 mL/kg b.w.) i.p and silymarin intragastric. Group V and VI rats were treated with 30% CCl and SCEE (150 and 300 mg/kg b.w., respectively) intragastric. Group VII animals were treated with SCEE (300 mg/kg b.w.) intragastrically. Blood parameters, Serum proteins and urine profile were investigated. Activities of tissue enzyme i.e. catalase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione reductase, GSH and γ-GT were evaluated. Histopathological observations, total protein contents, lipid peroxidation, DNA damage and relative weight were also analyzed. RESULTS: Gallic acid, catechin and caffeic acid were identified in SCEE fraction by HPLC-DAD. Decrease in the count of red blood cells, neutrophils, eosinophils and concentration of hemoglobin whereas increase in lymphocyte count and estimation of sedimentation rate (ESR) with 1 mL CCl (30% in Olive oil) administration (30 doses in 60 days) was restored dose dependently with co-treatment of SCEE (150 and 300 mg/kg b.w.). Treatment of rats with CCl markedly (P < 0.01) increased the count of urinary red blood cells and leucocytes, concentration of urea, creatinine and urobilinogen and specific gravity whereas creatinine clearance was reduced. Serum level of total protein, albumin, globulin, nitrite, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was significantly increased (P < 0.01) by CCl treatment. The activity of antioxidant enzymes; catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase and glutathione reductase and content of reduced glutathione was decreased (P < 0.01) significantly. However, increased concentration (P < 0.01) of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and histopathological injuries were noticed in the renal tissues of rats after the treatment with CCl . Co-administration of SCEE, dose dependently, protected the alterations in the studied parameters of rats at 150 and 300 mg/kg b.w. The present study revealed that SCEE could be used as a possible remedy for renal toxicity abnormalities. CONCLUSION: These results are an evidence of the renal protective role of S.cordat ethyl acetate fraction against CCl induced nephrotoxicity in rats which may be due to its antioxidant compounds.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antioxidants/pharmacology
Caffeic Acids/therapeutic use
Catechin/therapeutic use
Gallic Acid/therapeutic use
Kidney Diseases/prevention & control
Kidney/drug effects
Malvaceae/chemistry
Phytotherapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Antioxidants/metabolism
Antioxidants/therapeutic use
Blood Proteins/metabolism
Caffeic Acids/analysis
Caffeic Acids/pharmacology
Carbon Tetrachloride
Catechin/analysis
Catechin/pharmacology
DNA Damage
Gallic Acid/analysis
Gallic Acid/pharmacology
Kidney/enzymology
Kidney/metabolism
Kidney/pathology
Kidney Diseases/metabolism
Kidney Diseases/pathology
Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects
Male
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Phytochemicals/analysis
Phytochemicals/pharmacology
Phytochemicals/therapeutic use
Plant Extracts/chemistry
Plant Extracts/pharmacology
Plant Extracts/therapeutic use
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Urinalysis
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Blood Proteins); 0 (Caffeic Acids); 0 (Phytochemicals); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances); 632XD903SP (Gallic Acid); 8R1V1STN48 (Catechin); CL2T97X0V0 (Carbon Tetrachloride); U2S3A33KVM (caffeic acid)
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170901
[Lr] Last revision date:170901
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170806
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-1896-8


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