Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Mastoiditis [Words]
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[PMID]: 29287882
[Au] Autor:Cavel O; Tauman R; Simsolo E; Yafit D; Reindorf-Kfir E; Wasserzug O; Unger O; Handzel O; Fishman G; Oestreicher-Kedem Y; DeRowe A
[Ad] Address:Pediatric ENT Unit, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sack
[Ti] Title:Changes in the epidemiology and clinical features of acute mastoiditis following the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;104:54-57, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Seven years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in Israel, its effect on the incidence and severity of episodes of acute mastoiditis (AM) remains unclear. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of AM and describe its clinical features in children during the years that followed the introduction of the PCV13 in comparison with the pre-PCV period. METHODS: Included in this retrospective comparative case series were all pediatric patients diagnosed with AM between Jan. 2007 and Dec. 2015 in one tertiary medical center. The patients were divided into 3 groups: pre-PCV, post-PCV7 (July 2009 through Dec. 2010) and post-PCV13 (Jan. 2011 through Dec. 2015). The patients' medical records were reviewed, and data on age at presentation, gender, presenting signs, bacterial ear cultures, hospitalization course, complications, surgical interventions, inflammatory response and outcome were retrieved and compared between the groups. Comparison was made between the pre-PCV and the post-PCV13 groups. RESULTS: 216 children were identified for analysis, 80 children in the pre-PCV period, 31 in the post-PCV7 period and 105 in the post-PCV13 period. Their mean age was 2.6 years. The number of AM cases per 1000 visits at the emergency room decreased by 46% in the post-PCV13 period compared to the pre-PCV period. There was no difference in the rate of AM between the post-PCV7 and post-PCV13 periods. No differences were found in age, gender, hospitalization length, C-reactive protein level, white blood cell count, rate of surgical interventions (mastoidectomy and incision and drainage) and rate of complications between the 3 groups. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AM was lower in the post-PCV13 period compared to the pre-PCV period. The rate of AM complications, however, has not changed, nor has the number of mastoidectomies.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine/administration & dosage
Mastoiditis/epidemiology
Pneumococcal Infections/prevention & control
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
C-Reactive Protein
Child
Child, Preschool
Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data
Female
Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Israel/epidemiology
Leukocyte Count
Male
Mastoiditis/diagnosis
Retrospective Studies
[Pt] Publication type:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171231
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  2 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29521448
[Au] Autor:Mather M; Musgrave K; Dawe N
[Ad] Address:Department of Otolaryngology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Title:Is anticoagulation beneficial in acute mastoiditis complicated by sigmoid sinus thrombosis?
[So] Source:Laryngoscope;, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1531-4995
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1002/lary.27151

  3 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29462105
[Au] Autor:Capua T; Klivitsky A; Bilavsky E; Ashkenazi-Hoffnung L; Roth J; Constantini S; Grisaru-Soen G
[Ad] Address:Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, and Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, and the Department of Pediatrics C, Schneider Children's Medical Center,
[Ti] Title:Group A Streptococcal Brain Abscess in The Pediatric Population - Case Series and Review of The Literature.
[So] Source:Pediatr Infect Dis J;, 2018 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:1532-0987
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a rare cause of central nervous system infections. We describe 3 new cases of GAS brain abscess in previously healthy children treated by us between 2015-2016 and review the 5 cases reported in the literature since 1988. All 8 children received early empiric antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention, and 5 made a full recovery. GAS brain abscess is a rare infection; however its incidence may be rising. We suggest that if patients show symptoms such as fever, vomiting, and lethargy, with contiguous infection such as otitis media, mastoiditis, sinusitis, or meningitis, GAS brain abscess should be suspected. Prognosis is expected to be good with early implementation of appropriate treatment.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180220
[Lr] Last revision date:180220
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1097/INF.0000000000001947

  4 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29176463
[Au] Autor:Egan G; Pierro J; Madhusoodhan PP; Ilyas G; Cohen B; Bhatla T
[Ad] Address:Departments of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology.
[Ti] Title:Primary Ewing Sarcoma of the Mastoid: A Novel Case Mimicking Acute Mastoiditis.
[So] Source:J Pediatr Hematol Oncol;40(2):148-151, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3678
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising in bone or soft tissue. It is the second most common primary bone malignancy of children and adolescents, with a peak incidence in the second decade of life. It most often arises in the long bones of the extremities and pelvis. Here, we present a novel case of EWS arising from the mastoid bone in a 5-year-old African American male who presented with symptoms of acute mastoiditis. This unique presentation highlights the importance of considering EWS in a patient who presents with atypical mastoiditis or a rapidly growing mass in the postauricular region.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 180220
[Lr] Last revision date:180220
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1097/MPH.0000000000001014

  5 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29446374
[Au] Autor:Elmas F; Shrestha BL; Linder TE
[Ad] Address:Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.
[Ti] Title:Subtotal Petrosectomy and Cochlear Implant Placement in Otologic Presentation of "Wegener's Granulomatosis".
[So] Source:Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ);15(57):94-98, 2017 Jan.-Mar..
[Is] ISSN:1812-2078
[Cp] Country of publication:Nepal
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Granulomatosis with polyangitis is a rare granuloma forming necrotizing vasculitis, which involves mainly the respiratory tract and renal system. Otologic involvement may occur primarily as chronic serous otitis media and chronic silent mastoiditis with conductive hearing loss and may rarely lead to sensorineural hearing loss requiring cochlear implantation. This case describes a patient with granulomatous poylangitis with profound sensorineural hearing loss who underwent subtotal petrosectomy with cochlear implantation.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180215
[Lr] Last revision date:180215
[St] Status:In-Process

  6 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29398006
[Au] Autor:Vázquez Fernández ME; Cebrián Fernández R; Vegas Alvarez AM
[Ad] Address:Centro de Salud Arturo Eyries, Gerencia de Atención Primaria Valladolid Oeste. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, España. Electronic address: mvmarvazfer@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Mastoiditis aguda con absceso subperióstico por gérmenes emergentes. Acute mastoiditis with subperiosteal abscess due to emerging infectious agents.
[So] Source:Med Clin (Barc);, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1578-8989
[Cp] Country of publication:Spain
[La] Language:eng; spa
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180205
[Lr] Last revision date:180205
[St] Status:Publisher

  7 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28468135
[Au] Autor:Burakgazi G; Bayarogullari H; Öztürk F; Arli C; Motor VK; Yanmaz R; Atci N
[Ad] Address:*Department of Radiology †Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat ‡Department of Infectious Diseases, Mustafa Kemal University Medical School, Hatay §Department of Radiology, Gaziantep Special Love Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey.
[Ti] Title:Radiological Imaging of Rare Intracranial Complications Secondary to Otitis Media and Mastoiditis.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):620-624, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Acute otitis media used to cause fatal results because of its intracranial complications before the introduction of potent and effective antibiotics. After the introduction of antibiotics, complications have started to be observed more frequently as a result of chronic otitis media and especially in children. Because clinical findings changed and became indistinct, the diagnosis of otitis and mastoiditis has been made occasionally with imaging findings only after complications occurred. Multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are efficient and sufficient methods in the rapid diagnosis and should be immediately referred methods.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Brain Abscess/diagnostic imaging
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Mastoiditis/complications
Meningitis/diagnostic imaging
Multidetector Computed Tomography
Otitis Media/complications
Thrombophlebitis/diagnostic imaging
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Brain Abscess/etiology
Child
Chronic Disease
Female
Humans
Male
Mastoiditis/diagnostic imaging
Meningitis/etiology
Middle Aged
Otitis Media/diagnostic imaging
Retrospective Studies
Thrombophlebitis/etiology
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180202
[Lr] Last revision date:180202
[Js] Journal subset:D
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003391

  8 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29332965
[Au] Autor:Kukushev G; Kalinova D; Sheytanov I; Rashkov R
[Ad] Address:Department of Otolaryngology, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.
[Ti] Title:Two clinical cases of granulomatosis with polyangiitis with isolated otitis media and mastoiditis.
[So] Source:Reumatologia;55(5):256-260, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0034-6233
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is characterised by granulomatous necrotising inflammatory lesions of the upper and lower respiratory tract, often associated with pauci-immune glomerulonephritis. The diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis is made according to the classification criteria of the ACR criteria for granulomatosis with polyangiitis. We present two cases of granulomatosis with polyangiitis limited/localised form. The common feature between two clinical cases were not sufficient criteria for a definite diagnosis at the beginning. In both cases the clinical presence was otitis media with acute mastoiditis, peripheral facial nerve palsy, and severe headache. Early diagnosis and treatment of patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis define favourable prognosis. On the other hand, the treatment of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapy) has various side effects, and the "ex juvantibus" therapy is hazardous.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180117
[Lr] Last revision date:180117
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.5114/reum.2017.71643

  9 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29335001
[Au] Autor:Mierzwinski J; Kosowska J; Tyra J; Haber K; Drela M; Paczkowski D; Burduk P
[Ad] Address:Department of Otolaryngology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Children's Hospital of Bydgoszcz, Chodkiewicza 44, 85-667, Bydgoszcz, Poland. jmierzw@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Different clinical presentation and management of temporal bone fibrous dysplasia in children.
[So] Source:World J Surg Oncol;16(1):5, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:1477-7819
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a slowly progressive benign fibro-osseous disorder that involves one or multiple bones with a unilateral distribution in most cases. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Temporal bone involvement is the least frequently reported type, especially in children. We reviewed available articles regarding fibrous dysplasia with temporal bone involvement in children and added four patients aged 7 to 17 years who were diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2017. The patients' clinical picture comprised head deformity, external canal stenosis, headache, progressive conductive and/or sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and sudden deafness. Two patients had experienced severe episodic vertigo with nausea and vomiting. Two were referred to us with external canal obstruction and secondary cholesteatoma formation with broad middle ear destruction. One was diagnosed with acute mastoiditis and intracranial complications. Optimal management of fibrous dysplasia is unclear and can be challenging, especially in children. In our two patients with disease expansion and involvement of important structures, surgical treatment was abandoned and a "wait-and-scan" policy was applied. The other two were qualified for surgical treatment. One patient underwent two surgeries: modified lateral petrosectomy (canal left open) with pathological tissue removal, cavity obliteration, and subsequent tympanoplasty. Another patient with extensive destruction of the left temporal bone underwent canal wall down mastoidectomy with perisinus abscess drainage and revision 12 months later. Tympanoplasty was unsatisfactory in both patients because of slow progression of the middle ear pathology. None of our patients underwent pharmacological treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In younger patients, observation and a "wait-and-scan" protocol is relevant until significant function, or cosmetic deficits are obvious. Surgery is not preferred and should be delayed until puberty because fibrous dysplasia has a tendency to stabilize after adolescence. In patients with severe symptoms medical treatment can be implemented, but safety of this treatment in children remain controversial.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180116
[Lr] Last revision date:180116
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12957-017-1302-5

  10 / 2047 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29290238
[Au] Autor:Cohen R; Haas H; Lorrot M; Biscardi S; Romain O; Vie Le Sage F; Hentgen V; Grimprel E
[Ad] Address:Université Paris Est, IMRB-GRC GEMINI, 94000 Créteil, France; Unité Court Séjour, Petits Nourrissons, Service de Néonatologie, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, France; ACTIV, Association Clinique et Thérapeutique Infantile du Val de Marne, Saint-Maur des Fossés, France; Groupe de Patholo
[Ti] Title:Antimicrobial treatment of ENT infections.
[So] Source:Arch Pediatr;24(12S):S9-S16, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1769-664X
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:ENT infections are the most common childhood infections and the leading causes of antibiotic prescriptions. These infections are mainly due to viruses and most of them (even if bacterial species are implicated) resolve spontaneously. Therefore, the first message is to not prescribe antibiotics in the following situations: common cold, non-streptococcal pharyngitis, laryngitis, non-purulent otitis media, etc. For sore throat/pharyngitis, the antibiotic treatment decision is based mainly on the use of group A streptococcus rapid diagnostic tests. For otitis media, only purulent forms occurring in children less than 2 years of age and most severe situations in older children should be treated with antibiotics. Amoxicillin is the first-line treatment for the vast majority of ENT infections requiring antibiotic treatment. Severe ENT infections (mastoiditis, epiglottitis, retro- and parapharyngeal abscesses, and ethmoiditis) are therapeutic emergencies requiring in most cases hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180101
[Lr] Last revision date:180101
[St] Status:In-Process


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