Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Mycoplasma and Fermentans [Words]
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[PMID]: 29102105
[Au] Autor:Liu M; Du G; Liu B; Hu Y; Liu J; Jia Y; Minion FC; Shao G; Zhao R
[Ad] Address:Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology & Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China; Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology, Ministry
[Ti] Title:Cholesterol exacerbates Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae-induced apoptosis via stimulating proliferation and adhesion to porcine alveolar macrophages.
[So] Source:Vet Microbiol;211:112-118, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2542
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyo) is the agent of porcine enzootic pneumonia, a disease that causes considerable economic losses in the swine industry. Induction of apoptosis in porcine alveolar macrophages is an important pathogenic mechanism of M. hyo. Cholesterol has been reported to influence cell adherence and cell invasion of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma fermentans leading to apoptosis, but the role of cholesterol on the apoptotic inducing activity of M. hyo remains unknown. In this study, we found a positive correlation between cholesterol level and M. hyo infection in porcine serum and lung tissue. Cholesterol exacerbated M. hyo-induced apoptosis in porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) in a dosage-dependent manner, which was associated with increased hydrogen peroxide (H O ) and nitric oxide (NO) production, up-regulated TNF-α mRNA expression, and activated caspase-3. The pathogenicity-enhancing effect of cholesterol was related to increased M. hyo proliferation with an up-regulation of M. hyo genes responsible for DNA and protein synthesis, which led to improved M. hyo adherence to PAMs, presumably via increased mRNA expression of adhesin genes. In conclusion, cholesterol promotes the apoptotic effect of M. hyo through stimulating proliferation and enhancing its adherence to PAMs. Hence, the study gives new insights into the role of cholesterol on the PAM - M. hyo interations.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171105
[Lr] Last revision date:171105
[St] Status:In-Process

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[PMID]: 28927691
[Au] Autor:Roachford OSE; Nelson KE; Mohapatra BR
[Ad] Address:Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Bridgetown BB 11000, Barbados. Electronic address: orville.roachford@mycavehill.uwi.edu.
[Ti] Title:Comparative genomics of four Mycoplasma species of the human urogenital tract: Analysis of their core genomes and virulence genes.
[So] Source:Int J Med Microbiol;307(8):508-520, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1618-0607
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The variation in Mycoplasma lipoproteins attributed to genome rearrangements and genetic insertions leads to phenotypic plasticity that allows for the evasion of the host's defence system and pathogenesis. This paper compared for the first time the genomes of four human urogenital Mycoplasma species (M. penetrans HF-2, M. fermentans JER, M. genitalium G37 and M. hominis PG21) to categorise the metabolic functions of the core genes and to assess the effects of tandem repeats, phage-like genetic elements and prophages on the virulence genes. The results of this comparative in silico genomic analysis revealed that the genes constituting their core genomes can be separated into three distinct categories: nuclear metabolism, protein metabolism and energy generation each making up 52%, 31% and 23%, respectively. The genomes have repeat sequences ranging from 3.7% in M. hominis PG21 to 9.5% in M. fermentans JER. Tandem repeats (mostly minisatellites) and phage-like proteins (including DNA gyrases/topoisomerases) were randomly distributed in the Mycoplasma genomes. Here, we identified a coiled-coil structure containing protein in M. penetrans HF-2 which is significantly similar to the Mem protein of M. fermentans ɸMFV1. Therefore, a Mycoplasma prophage seems to be embedded within M. penetrans HF-2 unannotated genome. To the best of our knowledge, no Mycoplasma phages or prophages have been detected in M. penetrans. This study is important not only in understanding the complex genetic factors involved in phenotypic plasticity and virulence in the relatively understudied Mycoplasma species but also in elucidating the effective arrangement of their redundant minimal genomes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 171121
[Lr] Last revision date:171121
[St] Status:In-Process

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[PMID]: 28602396
[Au] Autor:Cheng Q; Wu L; Tu R; Wu J; Kang W; Su T; Du R; Liu W
[Ad] Address:College of Health Sciences and Nursing, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
[Ti] Title:Mycoplasma fermentans deacetylase promotes mammalian cell stress tolerance.
[So] Source:Microbiol Res;201:1-11, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1618-0623
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mycoplasma fermentans is a pathogenic bacterium that infects humans and has potential pathogenic roles in respiratory, genital and rheumatoid diseases. NAD -dependent deacetylase is involved in a wide range of pathophysiological processes and our studies have demonstrated that expression of mycoplasmal deacetylase in mammalian cells inhibits proliferation but promotes anti-starvation stress tolerance. Furthermore, mycoplasmal deacetylase is involved in cellular anti-oxidation, which correlates with changes in the proapoptotic proteins BIK, p21 and BIM. Mycoplasmal deacetylase binds to and deacetylates the FOXO3 protein, similar with mammalian SIRT2, and affects expression of the FOXO3 target gene BIM, resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation. Mycoplasmal deacetylase also alters the performance of cells under drug stress. This study expands our understanding of the potential molecular and cellular mechanisms of interaction between mycoplasmas and mammalian cells.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Host-Pathogen Interactions/physiology
Hydrolases/antagonists & inhibitors
Hydrolases/metabolism
Mycoplasma fermentans/enzymology
Stress, Physiological/drug effects
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Antibodies, Bacterial
Antioxidants/analysis
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/drug effects
Bcl-2-Like Protein 11/drug effects
Cell Adhesion/drug effects
Cell Line/drug effects
Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects
Cell Proliferation/drug effects
Cell Survival/drug effects
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21/drug effects
DNA, Bacterial
Down-Regulation
Drug Tolerance
Forkhead Box Protein O3/drug effects
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Genes, Bacterial/genetics
HCT116 Cells
HEK293 Cells/drug effects
Humans
Hydrolases/immunology
Immunoprecipitation/methods
Membrane Proteins/drug effects
Mice
Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology
Mycoplasma fermentans/pathogenicity
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Sirtuin 2/drug effects
Starvation
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antibodies, Bacterial); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins); 0 (BIK protein, human); 0 (Bcl-2-Like Protein 11); 0 (CDKN1A protein, human); 0 (Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21); 0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (FOXO3 protein, human); 0 (Forkhead Box Protein O3); 0 (Membrane Proteins); EC 3.- (Hydrolases); EC 3.5.1.- (SIRT2 protein, human); EC 3.5.1.- (Sirtuin 2)
[Em] Entry month:1710
[Cu] Class update date: 171002
[Lr] Last revision date:171002
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170613
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 27016768
[Au] Autor:Nielsen MW; Strube ML; Isbrand A; Al-Medrasi WD; Boye M; Jensen TK; Klitgaard K
[Ad] Address:National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Bülowsvej 27, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
[Ti] Title:Potential bacterial core species associated with digital dermatitis in cattle herds identified by molecular profiling of interdigital skin samples.
[So] Source:Vet Microbiol;186:139-49, 2016 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2542
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Although treponemes are consistently identified in tissue from bovine digital dermatitis (DD) lesions, the definitive etiology of this debilitating polymicrobial disease is still unresolved. To study the microbiomes of 27 DD-infected and 10 healthy interdigital skin samples, we used a combination of different molecular methods. Deep sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene variable regions V1-V2 showed that Treponema, Mycoplasma, Fusobacterium and Porphyromonas were the genera best differentiating the DD samples from the controls. Additional deep sequencing analysis of the most abundant genus, Treponema, targeting another variable region of the 16S rRNA gene, V3-V4, identified 15 different phylotypes, among which Treponema phagedenis-like and Treponema refringens-like species were the most abundant. Although the presence of Treponema spp., Fusobacterium necrophorum and Porphyromonas levii was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), the results for Mycoplasma spp. were inconclusive. Extensive treponemal epidermal infiltration, constituting more than 90% of the total bacterial population, was observed in 24 of the 27 DD samples. F. necrophorum and P. levii were superficially located in the epidermal lesions and were present in only a subset of samples. RT-qPCR analysis showed that treponemes were also actively expressing a panel of virulence factors at the site of infection. Our results further support the hypothesis that species belonging to the genus Treponema are major pathogens of DD and also provide sufficient clues to motivate additional research into the role of M. fermentans, F. necrophorum and P. levii in the etiology of DD.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Cattle Diseases/microbiology
Digital Dermatitis/microbiology
Gram-Negative Bacteria/physiology
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/veterinary
Skin/microbiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Biodiversity
Cattle
Cattle Diseases/pathology
Gram-Negative Bacteria/genetics
Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/pathology
Microbiota/genetics
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
Virulence Factors/genetics
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S); 0 (Virulence Factors)
[Em] Entry month:1610
[Cu] Class update date: 161230
[Lr] Last revision date:161230
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160328
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  5 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26496149
[Au] Autor:Rottem S
[Ad] Address:Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel. Electronic address: rottem@huji.ac.il.
[Ti] Title:"Unique choline-containing phosphoglycolipids in Mycoplasma fermentans".
[So] Source:Chem Phys Lipids;194:94-100, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2941
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Choline/metabolism
Glycolipids/metabolism
Mycoplasma fermentans/chemistry
Mycoplasma fermentans/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Choline/chemistry
Glycolipids/chemistry
Molecular Structure
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Glycolipids); N91BDP6H0X (Choline)
[Em] Entry month:1610
[Cu] Class update date: 161230
[Lr] Last revision date:161230
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:151027
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  6 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26332323
[Au] Autor:Horie C; Kano Y; Mitomo T; Shiohara T
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Title:Possible Involvement of Mycoplasma fermentans in the Development of Nonsexually Acquired Genital Ulceration (Lipschütz Ulcers) in 3 Young Female Patients.
[So] Source:JAMA Dermatol;151(12):1388-1389, 2015 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6084
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1509
[Cu] Class update date: 151209
[Lr] Last revision date:151209
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.2061

  7 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26232667
[Au] Autor:Rottem S
[Ad] Address:Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel. Electronic address: rottem@huji.ac.il.
[Ti] Title:Unique choline-containing phosphoglycolipids in Mycoplasma fermentans.
[So] Source:Chem Phys Lipids;191:61-7, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2941
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Choline/metabolism
Mycoplasma fermentans/metabolism
Phosphorylcholine/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Apoptosis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/etiology
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/microbiology
Astrocytes/cytology
Astrocytes/microbiology
Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/metabolism
Humans
Immune System
Mycoplasma fermentans/physiology
Phosphorylcholine/immunology
Rats
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Calcium-Binding Proteins); 0 (Fatty Acids, Nonesterified); 107-73-3 (Phosphorylcholine); 79079-11-1 (calpastatin); N91BDP6H0X (Choline)
[Em] Entry month:1608
[Cu] Class update date: 151104
[Lr] Last revision date:151104
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150802
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  8 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26070671
[Au] Autor:Nübling CM; Baylis SA; Hanschmann KM; Montag-Lessing T; Chudy M; Kreß J; Ulrych U; Czurda S; Rosengarten R; Mycoplasma Collaborative Study Group
[Ad] Address:Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Langen, Germany Micha.Nuebling@pei.de.
[Ti] Title:World Health Organization International Standard To Harmonize Assays for Detection of Mycoplasma DNA.
[So] Source:Appl Environ Microbiol;81(17):5694-702, 2015 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1098-5336
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT)-based assays (referred to here as NAT assays) are increasingly used as an alternative to culture-based approaches for the detection of mycoplasma contamination of cell cultures. Assay features, like the limit of detection or quantification, vary widely between different mycoplasma NAT assays. Biological reference materials may be useful for harmonization of mycoplasma NAT assays. An international feasibility study included lyophilized preparations of four distantly related mycoplasma species (Acholeplasma laidlawii, Mycoplasma fermentans, M. orale, M. pneumoniae) at different concentrations which were analyzed by 21 laboratories using 26 NAT assays with a qualitative, semiquantitative, or quantitative design. An M. fermentans preparation was shown to decrease the interassay variation when used as a common reference material. The preparation was remanufactured and characterized in a comparability study, and its potency (in NAT-detectable units) across different NATs was determined. The World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Biological Standardization (ECBS) established this preparation to be the "1st World Health Organization international standard for mycoplasma DNA for nucleic acid amplification technique-based assays designed for generic mycoplasma detection" (WHO Tech Rep Ser 987:42, 2014) with a potency of 200,000 IU/ml. This WHO international standard is now available as a reference preparation for characterization of NAT assays, e.g., for determination of analytic sensitivity, for calibration of quantitative assays in a common unitage, and for defining regulatory requirements in the field of mycoplasma testing.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: DNA, Bacterial/genetics
Mycoplasma/genetics
Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/standards
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Laboratories/standards
Mycoplasma/classification
Mycoplasma/isolation & purification
Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods
World Health Organization
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (DNA, Bacterial)
[Em] Entry month:1602
[Cu] Class update date: 170220
[Lr] Last revision date:170220
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1128/AEM.01150-15

  9 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25967535
[Au] Autor:Yong Y; Liu S; Hua G; Jia R; Zhao Y; Sun X; Liao M; Ju X
[Ad] Address:Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, 524088, China. yongyanhong-007@163.com.
[Ti] Title:Identification and functional characterization of Toll-like receptor 2-1 in geese.
[So] Source:BMC Vet Res;11:108, 2015 May 14.
[Is] ISSN:1746-6148
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), an important pattern recognition receptor, activates proinflammatory pathways in response to various pathogens. It has been reported in humans and chicken, but not in geese, an important waterfowl species in China. Since some vaccines stimulate robust immune responsesl in chicken but not in geeeses we speculated that their immune systems are different. RESULTS: In this study, we cloned the goose TLR2-1 gene using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)and showed that geese TLR2-1 encoded a 793-amino-acid protein, containing a signal secretion peptide, an extracellular leucine-rich repeat domain, a transmembrane domain and a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor signaling domain deduced from amino acid sequence. TLR2-1 shared 38.4%-93.5% homology with its homologues in other species. Tissue expression of geese TLR2-1 varied markedly, and was higher in kidney, cloacal bursa, skin and brain compared to other organs/tissues. HEK293 cells transfected with plasmids carrying goose TLR2-1 and NF-κB-luciferase responded significantly to stimulation with Mycoplasma fermentans lipopeptide. Furthermore, geese infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and Salmonella enteritidis (SE) showed significant upregulation of TLR2-1 in both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: Geese TLR2-1 is a functional homologue of TLR2 present in other species and plays an important role in bacterial recognition in geese.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Anseriformes/physiology
Gene Expression Regulation/physiology
Toll-Like Receptor 2/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Amino Acid Sequence
Animals
Cloning, Molecular
HEK293 Cells
Humans
Lipopeptides/pharmacology
Luciferases
Molecular Sequence Data
NF-kappa B/genetics
NF-kappa B/metabolism
Plasmids
Tissue Distribution
Toll-Like Receptor 2/genetics
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Lipopeptides); 0 (NF-kappa B); 0 (Toll-Like Receptor 2); 0 (macrophage stimulatory lipopeptide 2); EC 1.13.12.- (Luciferases)
[Em] Entry month:1602
[Cu] Class update date: 170220
[Lr] Last revision date:170220
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150514
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12917-015-0420-y

  10 / 505 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25792346
[Au] Autor:Chen LS; Wu JR; Wang B; Yang T; Yuan R; Zhao YY; Xu JS; Guo HX; Huan XP
[Ad] Address:Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine and Engineering, Ministry of Education;Department of Epidemiology and Statistics,School of Public Health, Southeast University,Nanjing,Jiangsu,People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Title:Epidemiology of Mycoplasma acquisition in male HIV-1 infected patients: a multistage cross-sectional survey in Jiangsu, China.
[So] Source:Epidemiol Infect;143(15):3327-34, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1469-4409
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mycoplasma infections are most frequently associated with disease in the urogenital or respiratory tracts and, in most cases, mycoplasmas infect the host persistently. In HIV-infected individuals the prevalence and role of genital mycoplasmas has not been well studied. To investigate the six species of Mycoplasma and the risk factors for infection in Jiangsu province, first-void urine and venous blood samples were collected and epidemiological questionnaires were administered after informed consent. A total of 1541 HIV/AIDS patients were recruited in this study. The overall infection rates of six Mycoplasma species were: Ureaplasma urealyticum (26·7%), Mycoplasma hominis (25·3%), M. fermentans (5·1%), M. genitalium (20·1%), M. penetrans (1·6%) and M. pirum (15·4%). The Mycoplasma infection rate in the unmarried group was lower than that of the married, divorced and widowed groups [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1·432, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·077-1·904, P < 0·05]. The patients who refused highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) had a much higher risk of Mucoplasma infection (aOR 1·357, 95% CI 1·097-1·679, P < 0·05). Otherwise, a high CD4+ T cell count was a protective factor against Mycoplasma infection (aOR 0·576, 95% CI 0·460-0·719, P < 0·05). Further research will be required to confirm a causal relationship and to identify risk factors for Mycoplasma infection in HIV/AIDS populations.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/statistics & numerical data
HIV Infections/epidemiology
Marital Status/statistics & numerical data
Mycoplasma Infections/epidemiology
Ureaplasma Infections/epidemiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Adult
Aged
China/epidemiology
Coinfection/epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV Infections/drug therapy
HIV-1
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mycoplasma/genetics
Mycoplasma/isolation & purification
Mycoplasma Infections/microbiology
Mycoplasma fermentans/genetics
Mycoplasma fermentans/isolation & purification
Mycoplasma genitalium/genetics
Mycoplasma genitalium/isolation & purification
Mycoplasma hominis/genetics
Mycoplasma hominis/isolation & purification
Mycoplasma penetrans/genetics
Mycoplasma penetrans/isolation & purification
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Ureaplasma urealyticum/genetics
Ureaplasma urealyticum/isolation & purification
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1512
[Cu] Class update date: 150930
[Lr] Last revision date:150930
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150321
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0950268815000461


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