Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Pneumorrhachis [Words]
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[PMID]: 29296165
[Au] Autor:Francies O; Morley S; Beale T
[Ad] Address:Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, London, UK.
[Ti] Title:Skull base and craniocervical bone pneumatisation: two case reports of differing presentations and a review of the literature.
[So] Source:J Radiol Case Rep;11(11):1-10, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1943-0922
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We report two patients with increased central skull base and craniocervical junction bone pneumatisation complicated by extra-osseous gas. One patient presented with symptoms of increasing nasal blockage and 'sinus pressure' on a background of extensive nasal polyposis. He was subsequently found to have a history of repeated Valsalva's manoeuvre, the cessation of which resulted in a rapid decrease in the amount of extra-osseous gas on imaging. The second patient presented following a minor head trauma with dysarthria from a hypoglossal nerve palsy and neck pain, with extensive intra- and extra-cranial gas including within the spinal canal (pneumorrhachis). These radiological findings have been reported previously in patients with Eustachian tube dysfunction and/or activities leading to frequently raised middle ear pressures. We review the possible aetiologies, reported risk factors, and the range of associated imaging abnormalities that may be encountered with this rare appearance.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180228
[Lr] Last revision date:180228
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.3941/jrcr.v11i11.3152

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[PMID]: 28743767
[Au] Autor:Tavare AN; Li D; Hare SS; Creer DD
[Ad] Address:Department of Radiology, Barnet Hospital, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
[Ti] Title:Pneumomediastinum and pneumorrhachis from recreational nitrous oxide inhalation: no laughing matter.
[So] Source:Thorax;73(2):195-196, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3296
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1707
[Cu] Class update date: 180116
[Lr] Last revision date:180116
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-210291

  3 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29252883
[Au] Autor:Bhat SB; Blumer S; Shah SA
[Ad] Address:1Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania3Department of Orthopaedics, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware.
[Ti] Title:Epidural Pneumorrhachis Causing Intraoperative Loss of Motor Potentials During Instrumented Fusion for Scoliosis: A Case Report.
[So] Source:JBJS Case Connect;7(3):e53, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:2160-3251
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:CASE: In a patient who underwent a thoracoscopic anterior release combined with a posterior spinal fusion for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis, unilateral loss of neuromonitoring signals was noted during the posterior instrumentation, and epidural pneumorrhachis was identified by intraoperative O-arm imaging. An immediate laminectomy and decompression of epidural fat and air were performed, resulting in return of the neuromonitoring signals. The patient had no clinical motor or neurological deficits postoperatively, and the posterior spinal fusion was completed successfully 3 days later. CONCLUSION: Epidural pneumorrhachis is a possible complication of scoliosis surgery with pedicle screw fixation, which can result in the intraoperative loss of neuromonitoring signals; however, rapid identification and intervention can result in an excellent outcome.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 171218
[Lr] Last revision date:171218
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.2106/JBJS.CC.16.00191

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[PMID]: 29085175
[Au] Autor:Borem LMA; Stamoulis DNJ; Ramos AFM
[Ad] Address:Santa Casa de Montes Claros, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:A rare case of pneumorrhachis accompanying spontaneous pneumomediastinum.
[So] Source:Radiol Bras;50(5):345-346, 2017 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0100-3984
[Cp] Country of publication:Brazil
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171102
[Lr] Last revision date:171102
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1590/0100-3984.2015.0031

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[PMID]: 29022042
[Au] Autor:Kieser DC; Cawley DT; Tavolaro C; Cloche T; Roscop C; Boissiere L; Obeid I; Pointillart V; Vital JM; Gille O
[Ad] Address:L'Institut de la Colonne Vertébrale, CHU Pellegrin, 33076, Bordeaux, France. kieserdavid@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Erratum to: Delayed post-operative tension pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis.
[So] Source:Eur Spine J;, 2017 Oct 11.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0932
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Unfortunately, two author names were missed out in author group of the original publication.
[Pt] Publication type:PUBLISHED ERRATUM
[Em] Entry month:1710
[Cu] Class update date: 171012
[Lr] Last revision date:171012
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00586-017-5308-z

  6 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28916876
[Au] Autor:Börm W
[Ad] Address:Neurochirurgische Klinik, Diakonissenkrankenhaus, Knuthstrasse 1, 24937, Flensburg, Germany. boermwo@diako.de.
[Ti] Title:Expert's comment concerning Grand Rounds case entitled "Delayed post-operative tension pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis" by D. C. Kieser et al. (Eur Spine J, 2017; DOI 10.1007/s00586-017-5268-3).
[So] Source:Eur Spine J;, 2017 Sep 15.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0932
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170916
[Lr] Last revision date:170916
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00586-017-5300-7

  7 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28873134
[Au] Autor:Gomez CA; Vela-Duarte D; Veldkamp PJ
[Ad] Address:Department of Pathology and Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
[Ti] Title:Infectious Pneumorrhachis Due to Emphysematous Pyelonephritis.
[So] Source:JAMA Neurol;74(11):1374-1375, 2017 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6157
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 171113
[Lr] Last revision date:171113
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.2340

  8 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28871507
[Au] Autor:Kieser DC; Cawley DT; Tavolaro C; Cloche T; Roscop C; Boissiere L; Obeid I; Pointillart V; Vital JM; Gille O
[Ad] Address:L'Institut de la Colonne Vertébrale, CHU Pellegrin, 33076, Bordeaux, France. kieserdavid@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Delayed post-operative tension pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis.
[So] Source:Eur Spine J;, 2017 Sep 04.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0932
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:INTRODUCTION: The incidence of pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis after spinal surgery is unknown, with a paucity of literature on this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the first published case of delayed onset tension pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis associated with spinal surgery. RESULTS: This complication occurred from a cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) leak after posterior instrumentation removal and was successfully treated with emergent wound debridement and the formation of a CSF fistula. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates that delayed post-operative tension pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis can occur after spinal surgery in a patient with a CSF leak. It also illustrates that pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis can be easily diagnosed with cross-sectional CT imaging. Furthermore, in a patient with rapid deterioration emergent surgical debridement may be necessary. Lastly, if the dural tear cannot be identified intra-operatively, the formalization of a CSF fistula should be considered.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 171012
[Lr] Last revision date:171012
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00586-017-5268-3

  9 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28829494
[Au] Autor:Fantacci C; Ferrara P; Franceschi F; Chiaretti A
[Ad] Address:Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Internal Medicine; Gemelli Fundation, Medical School of Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. claudiafantacci@yahoo.it.
[Ti] Title:Pneumopericardium, pneumomediastinum, and pneumorrachis complicating acute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in children.
[So] Source:Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci;21(15):3465-3468, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2284-0729
[Cp] Country of publication:Italy
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: We report 2 children with Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection complicated with spontaneous pneumopericardium (PP) and pneumomediastinum (PM), one also associated with pneumorrhachis (PR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two previously healthy children presented with fever, violent dry cough, dyspnea, and tachypnea. Chest X-ray and CT scans showed sizeable PP and PM in both patients. One of them also presented PR. Children were initially treated with intravenous antibiotics, antipyretics, and a cough sedative. Because of worsening of respiratory distress syndrome, children underwent helmet-delivered CPAP with oxygen supplementation. The patients' clinical conditions quickly improved and they were discharged in good conditions. RESULTS: Pathogenetic mechanism of spontaneous PP and PM complicating RSV infection could be related to the cough, causing intrathoracic pressure increase and rupture of alveoli near the mediastinal pleura. Nevertheless, RSV seems to play a role in facilitating such complications, attenuating the cough threshold in infected children. CONCLUSIONS: RSV bronchiolitis can lead respiratory and systemic consequences, so their prompt recognition is essential to establish a fast and adequate therapy, especially control of cough and respiratory distress syndrome treatment.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170822
[Lr] Last revision date:170822
[St] Status:In-Process

  10 / 144 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28784876
[Au] Autor:Kanu O; Teleb M; Agrawal H; Cashin LB
[Ad] Address:Department of Cardiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Foster, School of Medicine, El Paso, Texas, USA.
[Ti] Title:Cocaine-related subcutaneous emphysema, pneumorrhachis and pneumomediastinum: a rare clinical finding.
[So] Source:BMJ Case Rep;2017, 2017 Aug 07.
[Is] ISSN:1757-790X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A young man presented with several days of dyspnoea and delirium due to cocaine use which was confirmed by urine drug screening. Imaging studies confirmed the diagnosis of subcutaneous emphysema, pneumorrhachis and pneumomediastinum. He was managed successfully with conservative therapy.Although a rare clinical finding, cocaine-related pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema and pneumorrhachis should be recognised early on presentation. This will certainly help to effectively direct the use of healthcare resources and avoid subjecting the patient to unnecessary investigations.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170808
[Lr] Last revision date:170808
[St] Status:In-Process


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