Database : MEDLINE
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[PMID]: 29524863
[Au] Autor:Kasselman LJ; Vernice NA; DeLeon J; Reiss AB
[Ad] Address:Winthrop Research Institute and Department of Medicine, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA. Electronic address: lkasselman@nyuwinthrop.org.
[Ti] Title:The gut microbiome and elevated cardiovascular risk in obesity and autoimmunity.
[So] Source:Atherosclerosis;271:203-213, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1484
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Cardiovascular disease associated with obesity and autoimmunity is the leading cause of death in these populations and significant residual risk remains despite current treatment approaches. Obesity, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are linked to chronic inflammation, and subjects with these disorders have characteristic shifts in their gut microbiome composition. Recent data suggest that alterations in gut microbial and metabolic composition may be responsible, in part, for induction of chronic inflammation, thus promoting cardiovascular disease. Common microbiome changes observed in obesity, T1DM, RA, and SLE include a decrease in the ratio of bacteria, such as Gram-positive Firmicutes to Gram-negative Bacteroidetes, as well as an overabundance or depletion of certain species, including Prevotella copri. The consequent effects of these shifts include alterations in the metabolic composition of the gut, hyper-activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4), upregulation of inflammatory pathways, e.g. c-Jun N-terminal kinase and nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB), increased intestinal permeability, increased C-reactive protein, and increased levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). Differential microbiome compositions may also explain sex differences observed in autoimmunity, where a male gut microbiome promotes anti-inflammatory processes as compared to a female pro-inflammatory gut microbiome. Intervention at the level of the microbiota appears to attenuate symptoms in these inflammatory syndromes with probiotic treatment, such as Lactobacilli, playing a uniquely beneficial role in restoring intestinal health, decreasing inflammation, and reducing cardiovascular disease. This review will discuss obesity, T1DM, RA, and SLE in the context of how each unique microbiome profile contributes to elevated cardiovascular risk.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524840
[Au] Autor:Desai M; Chauhan JB
[Ad] Address:P. G. Department of Genetics, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Study and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Science (ARIBAS), New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Affiliated to Sardar Patel University, India. Electronic address: mansidesai0@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Computational analysis for the determination of deleterious nsSNPs in human MTHFR gene.
[So] Source:Comput Biol Chem;74:20-30, 2018 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:1476-928X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme involved in folate metabolism and plays a central role in DNA methylation and biosynthesis. MTHFR mutations may alter the cellular folate supply which in turn affects nucleic acid synthesis, DNA methylation and chromosomal damage. The identification of number of SNPs in the human genome growing nowadays and hence, the evaluation of functional & structural consequences of these SNPs is very laborious by means of experimental analysis. Therefore, in the present study, recently developed various computational algorithms have been used which can predict the functional and structural consequences of the SNPs. Various computational tools like SIFT, PolyPhen2, PROVEAN, SNAP2, nsSNPAnalyzer, SNPs&GO, PhD-SNP, PMut, I-Mutant, iPTREE-STAB and MUpro were used to predict most deleterious SNPs. Additionally, ConSurf was used to find amino acids conservation and NCBI conserved domain search tool to find conserved domains in MTHFR. Post translational modification sites were predicted using ModPred. SPARKS-X was used to generate 3D structure of the native and mutant MTHFR protein, ModRefiner for further refinement, Varify3D and RAMPAGE to validate structure. Ligand binding sites were predicted using FTsite, RaptorX binding and COACH. Three SNPs i.e. R157Q, L323P and W500C predicted the most deleterious in all the tools used for functional and stability analysis. Moreover, both residues R157, L323 and W500 were predicted highly conserved, buried and structural residues by ConSurf. Post translational modification sites were also predicted at R157 and W500. The ligand binding sites were predicted at R157, L323 and W500.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524832
[Au] Autor:Jonsson S; Oda H; Lundin E; Olsson J; Idahl A
[Ad] Address:Department of Clinical Science, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.
[Ti] Title:Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydial Heat Shock Protein 60 and Anti-Chlamydial Antibodies in Women with Epithelial Ovarian Tumors.
[So] Source:Transl Oncol;11(2):546-551, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1936-5233
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) infection has been suggested to promote epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) development. This study sought to explore the presence of C. trachomatis DNA and chlamydial heat shock protein 60 (chsp60) in ovarian tissue, as well as anti-chlamydial IgG antibodies in plasma, in relation to subtypes of EOC. METHODS: This cross-sectional cohort consisted of 69 women who underwent surgery due to suspected ovarian pathology. Ovarian tissue and corresponding blood samples were collected at the time of diagnosis. In ovarian tumor tissue, p53, p16, Ki67 and chsp60 were analyzed immunohistochemically, and PCR was used to detect C. trachomatis DNA. Plasma C. trachomatis IgG and cHSP60 IgG were analyzed with a commercial MIF-test and ELISA, respectively. RESULTS: Eight out of 69 women had C. trachomatis DNA in their ovarian tissue, all were invasive ovarian cancer cases (16.7% of invasive EOC). The prevalence of the chsp60 protein, C. trachomatis IgG and cHSP60 IgG in HGSC, compared to other ovarian tumors, was 56.0% vs. 37.2% P = .13, 15.4% vs. 9.3% P = .46 and 63.6% vs. 45.5% P = .33 respectively. None of the markers of C. trachomatis infection were associated with p53, p16 or Ki67. CONCLUSIONS: C. trachomatis was detected in invasive ovarian cancer, supporting a possible role in carcinogenesis of EOC. However, there were no statistically significant associations of chsp60 in ovarian tissue, or plasma anti-chlamydial IgG antibodies, with any of the subtypes of ovarian tumors.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524728
[Au] Autor:Han T; Tian K; Pan H; Liu Y; Xu F; Li Z; Uchita T; Gao M; Hua H; Li D
[Ad] Address:Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design & Discovery, Ministry of Education, and School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, 103 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, PR China.
[Ti] Title:Novel hybrids of brefeldin A and nitrogen mustards with improved antiproliferative selectivity: Design, synthesis and antitumor biological evaluation.
[So] Source:Eur J Med Chem;150:53-63, 2018 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1768-3254
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A series of novel conjugates of brefeldin A (11a-c, 12a-c and 13a-c) were obtained by introducing a variety of nitrogen mustards at 4-OH or 7-OH position to explore more efficacious and less toxic antitumor agents. The antiproliferative activities were tested against three cancer cell lines (HL-60, PC-3 and Bel-7402) and one multidrug resistant cell line Bel-7402/5-FU. Among them, compound 11a was the strongest derivative with IC values of 4.48, 9.37, 0.2 and 0.84 µM, respectively, and more potent than nitrogen mustards. Though the antiproliferative potency was weaker than the lead compound brefeldin A, 11a displayed lower toxicity than brefeldin A (IC < 0.001 µM) with an IC of 9.74 µM against normal human liver L-O2 cells, showing good selectivity between normal and malignant liver cells. The mechanism studies confirmed that 11a could induce apoptosis, arrest cell cycle at the G1 phase and lead to mitochondrial dysfunction in Bel-7402 cells at submicromolar concentrations. Furthermore, 11a induced the intrinsic apoptotic mitochondrial pathway in Bel-7402 cells, evidenced by the enhanced expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax, cyto-c and p53, and the reduced expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. The caspase-9 and -3 levels were also up-regulated.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524620
[Au] Autor:Lim DG; Prim RE; Kang E; Jeong SH
[Ad] Address:College of Pharmacy, Dongguk University-Seoul, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Title:One-pot synthesis of dopamine-conjugated hyaluronic acid/polydopamine nanocomplexes to control protein drug release.
[So] Source:Int J Pharm;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3476
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The self-organizing complexes with hyaluronic acid (HA) and polydopamine (PDA), an adhesion mediator via hydrogen bonding, were investigated for use as protein drug carriers. The complexes were prepared with HA of different molecular weights (20 kDa and 200 kDa) and various molar ratios of dopamine and lysozyme, a model protein. Dopamine-conjugated HA (HADA)/PDA complexes were prepared by one-pot synthesis by relying on the self-polymerization of dopamine under oxidative, weakly basic conditions. Lysozyme was bound via coacervation and hydrogen bonding into HADA/PDA complexes. Complex diameters were 100-300 nm, based on transmission electron microscopy image and dynamic light scattering findings. Circular dichroism and differential scanning calorimetry showed that a stable protein formulation was obtained without degradation while preserving the thermal characteristics of lysozyme. Transition temperature (T ) of the HADA/PDA/lysozyme complex (1:10:0.05 ratio) was 72.45 °C, which is close to the T of the native lysozyme (72.46 °C). The efficacy of complexes was also evaluated to protect the structural stability of lysozyme. Lysozyme (0.33 mol) was complexed with HA monomer; consequently, lysozyme activity in the HADA/PDA complex was not affected from short-term degradation. Protein encapsulation and efficacy of the formulations showed successful complexation as protein carriers, thus suggesting an effective combinatory protein delivery system.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524612
[Au] Autor:Shin H; He M; Yang Z; Jeon YH; Pfleger J; Sayed D; Abdellatif M
[Ad] Address:Department of Cellular Biology and Molecular Medicine, Rutgers University-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, United States.
[Ti] Title:Transcriptional regulation mediated by H2A.Z via ANP32e-dependent inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A.
[So] Source:Biochim Biophys Acta;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:0006-3002
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The mechanisms that regulate H2A.Z and its requirement for transcription in differentiated mammalian cells remains ambiguous. In this study, we identified the interaction between the C-terminus of ANP32e and N-terminus of H2A.Z in a yeast two-hybrid screen. Knockdown of ANP32e resulted in proteasomal degradation and nuclear depletion of H2A.Z or of a chimeric green florescence protein fused to its N-terminus. This effect was reversed by inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and, conversely, reproduced by overexpression of its catalytic subunit. Accordingly, knockdown of ANP32e inhibited phosphorylation of H2A.Z, whereas a mutation of serine-9 proved its requirement for both the protein's stability and nuclear localization, as did knockdown of the nuclear mitogen and stress-induced kinase 1. Moreover, ANP32e's knockdown also revealed its differential requirement for cell signaling and gene expression, whereas, genome-wide binding analysis confirmed its co-localization with H2A.Z at transcription start sites, as well as, gene bodies of inducible and tissue-specific genes. The data also suggest that H2A.Z restricts transcription, which is moderated by ANP32e at the promoter and gene bodies of expressed genes. Thus, ANP32e, through inhibition of PP2A, is required for nucleosomal inclusion of H2A.Z and the regulation of gene expression.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  7 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524560
[Au] Autor:Khan AQ; Kuttikrishnan S; Siveen KS; Prabhu KS; Shanmugakonar M; Al Naemi H; Haris M; Dermime S; Uddin S
[Ad] Address:Academic Health System, Translational Research Institute, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
[Ti] Title:RAS-mediated oncogenic signaling pathways in human malignancies.
[So] Source:Semin Cancer Biol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1096-3650
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Abnormally activated RAS proteins are the main oncogenic driver that governs the functioning of major signaling pathways involved in the initiation and development of human malignancies. Mutations in RAS genes and or its regulators, most frequent in human cancers, are the main force for incessant RAS activation and associated pathological conditions including cancer. In general, RAS is the main upstream regulator of the highly conserved signaling mechanisms associated with a plethora of important cellular activities vital for normal homeostasis. Mutated or the oncogenic RAS aberrantly activates a web of interconnected signaling pathways including mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathways, protein kinase C (PKC) and ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator (RalGDS), etc., leading to uncontrolled transcriptional expression and reprogramming in the functioning of a range of nuclear and cytosolic effectors critically associated with the hallmarks of carcinogenesis. This review highlights the recent literature on how oncogenic RAS negatively use its signaling web in deregulating the expression and functioning of various effector molecules in the pathogenesis of human malignancies.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  8 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524543
[Au] Autor:Segerer G; Engelmann D; Kaestner A; Trötzmüller M; Köfeler H; Stigloher C; Thiele C; Jeanclos E; Gohla A
[Ad] Address:Institute for Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Würzburg, Versbacher Strasse 9, 97078 Würzburg, Germany.
[Ti] Title:A phosphoglycolate phosphatase/AUM-dependent link between triacylglycerol turnover and epidermal growth factor signaling.
[So] Source:Biochim Biophys Acta;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:0006-3002
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Mammalian phosphoglycolate phosphatase (PGP, also known as AUM or glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatase) is a small molecule-directed phosphatase important for metabolite repair and lipid metabolism. Although PGP was first characterized as an enzyme involved in epidermal growth factor (EGF) signaling, PGP protein substrates have remained elusive. Here we show that PGP depletion facilitates fatty acid flux through the intracellular triacylglycerol/fatty acid cycle, and that phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), produced in a side branch of this cycle, is critical for the impact of PGP activity on EGF-induced signaling. Loss of endogenous PGP expression amplified both EGF-induced EGF receptor autophosphorylation and Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C-γ1 (PLCγ1). Furthermore, EGF enhanced the formation of circular dorsal ruffles in PGP-depleted cells via Src/PLCγ1/protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent signaling to the cytoskeleton. Inhibition of adipose triglyceride lipase normalized the increased PIP2 content, reduced EGF-dependent PLCγ1 hyperphosphorylation, and decreased the elevated dorsal ruffle formation of PGP-depleted cells. Our data explain how PGP exerts control over EGF-induced cellular protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reveal an unexpected influence of triacylglycerol turnover on growth factor signaling.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  9 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524539
[Au] Autor:Lejal N; Truchet S; Bechor E; Bouguyon E; Khedkar V; Bertho N; Vidic J; Adenot P; Solier S; Pick E; Slama-Schwok A
[Ad] Address:Paris Saclay University, U892 INRA, Jouy en Josas, France.
[Ti] Title:Turning off NADPH oxidase-2 by impeding p67 activation in infected mouse macrophages reduced viral entry and inflammation.
[So] Source:Biochim Biophys Acta;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:0006-3002
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Targeting cells of the host immune system is a promising approach to fight against Influenza A virus (IAV) infection. Macrophage cells use the NADPH oxidase-2 (NOX2) enzymatic complex as a first line of defense against pathogens by generating superoxide ions O and releasing H O . Herein, we investigated whether targeting membrane -embedded NOX2 decreased IAV entry via raft domains and reduced inflammation in infected macrophages. METHODS: Confocal microscopy and western blots monitored levels of the viral nucleoprotein NP and p67 , NOX2 activator subunit, Elisa assays quantified TNF-α levels in LPS or IAV-activated mouse or porcine alveolar macrophages pretreated with a fluorescent NOX inhibitor, called nanoshutter NS1. RESULTS: IAV infection in macrophages promoted p67 translocation to the membrane, rafts clustering and activation of the NOX2 complex at early times. Disrupting rafts reduced intracellular viral NP. NS1 markedly reduced raft clustering and viral entry by binding to the C-terminal of NOX2 also characterized in vitro. NS1 decrease of TNF-α release depended on the cell type. CONCLUSION: NOX2 participated in IAV entry and raft-mediated endocytosis. NOX2 inhibition by NS1 reduced viral entry. NS1 competition with p67 for NOX2 binding shown by in silico models and cell-free assays was in agreement with NS1 inhibiting p67 translocation to membrane-embedded NOX2 in mouse and porcine macrophages. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: We introduce NS1 as a compound targeting NOX2, a critical enzyme controlling viral levels and inflammation in macrophages and discuss the therapeutic relevance of targeting the C-terminal of NADPH oxidases by probes like NS1 in viral infections.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 1528097 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524521
[Au] Autor:Akizuki R; Maruhashi R; Eguchi H; Kitabatake K; Tsukimoto M; Furuta T; Matsunaga T; Endo S; Ikari A
[Ad] Address:Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Japan.
[Ti] Title:Decrease in paracellular permeability and chemosensitivity to doxorubicin by claudin-1 in spheroid culture models of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.
[So] Source:Biochim Biophys Acta;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:0006-3002
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Chemotherapy resistance is a major problem in the treatment of cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We found that the expression levels of claudin-1 (CLDN1) and 3, tight junctional proteins, are upregulated in cisplatin (CDDP)-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma A549 (A549R) cells. A549R cells showed cross-resistance to doxorubicin (DXR). Here, the expression mechanism and function of CLDN1 and 3 were examined. CLDN1 and 3 were mainly localized at tight junctions concomitant with zonula occludens (ZO)-1, a scaffolding protein, in A549 and A549R cells. The phosphorylation levels of Src, MEK, ERK, c-Fos, and Akt in A549R cells were higher than those in A549 cells. The expression levels of CLDN1 and 3 were decreased by LY-294002, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, and BAY 11-7082, an NF-κB inhibitor. The overexpression of CLDN1 and 3 decreased the paracellular permeability of DXR in A549 cells. Hypoxia levels in A549R and CLDN1-overexpressing cells (CLDN1/A549) were greater than those in A549, mock/A549, and CLDN3/A549 cells in a spheroid culture model. In contrast, accumulation in the region inside the spheroids and the toxicity of DXR in A549R and CLDN1/A549 cells were lower than those in other cells. Furthermore, the accumulation and toxicity of DXR were rescued by CLDN1 siRNA in A549R cells. We suggest that CLDN1 is upregulated by CDDP resistance through activation of a PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathway, resulting in the inhibition of penetration of anticancer drugs into the inner area of spheroids.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher


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