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[PMID]: 29520880
[Au] Autor:Tegelberg R; Virjamo V; Julkunen-Tiitto R
[Ad] Address:Natural Product Research Laboratories, Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
[Ti] Title:Dry-air drying at room temperature - a practical pre-treatment method of tree leaves for quantitative analyses of phenolics?
[So] Source:Phytochem Anal;, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1099-1565
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:INTRODUCTION: In ecological experiments, storage of plant material is often needed between harvesting and laboratory analyses when the number of samples is too large for immediate, fresh analyses. Thus, accuracy and comparability of the results call for pre-treatment methods where the chemical composition remains unaltered and large number of samples can be treated efficiently. OBJECTIVE: To study if a fast dry-air drying provides an efficient pre-treatment method for quantitative analyses of phenolics. METHODOLOGY: Dry-air drying of mature leaves was done in a drying room equipped with dehumifier (10% relative humidity, room temperature) and results were compared to freeze-drying or freeze-drying after pre-freezing in liquid nitrogen. The quantities of methanol-soluble phenolics of Betula pendula Roth, Betula pubescens Ehrh., Salix myrsinifolia Salisb., Picea abies L. Karsten and Pinus sylvestris L. were analysed with HPLC and condensed tannins were analysed using the acid-butanol test. RESULTS: In deciduous tree leaves (Betula, Salix), the yield of most of the phenolic compounds was equal or higher in samples dried in dry-air room than the yield from freeze-dried samples. In Picea abies needles, however, dry-air drying caused severe reductions in picein, stilbenes, condensed tannin and (+)-catechin concentrations compared to freeze-drying. In Pinus sylvestris highest yields of neolignans but lowest yields of acetylated flavonoids were obtained from samples freeze-dried after pre-freezing. CONCLUSION: Results show that dry-air drying provides effective pre-treatment method for quantifying the soluble phenolics for deciduous tree leaves, but when analysing coniferous species, the different responses between structural classes of phenolics should be taken into account.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1002/pca.2755

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[PMID]: 29516419
[Au] Autor:Andreu V; Levert A; Amiot A; Cousin A; Aveline N; Bertrand C
[Ad] Address:PSL Research University: EPHE-UPVD-CNRS, USR 3278 CRIOBE, Université de Perpignan, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860, Perpignan Cedex, France. vanessa.andreu@akinao-lab.com.
[Ti] Title:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of plant extracts traditionally used in organic and biodynamic farming.
[So] Source:Environ Sci Pollut Res Int;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1614-7499
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Five plant extracts traditionally used in organic and biodynamic farming for pest control and antifungal (downy mildew) disease management were selected after a farmer survey and analyzed for their chemical composition in LC-PDA-MS-MS and using adapted analytical method from food chemistry for determination of class of component (e.g., protein, sugar, lipids…). Their antifungal activity against Penicillium expansum, Botrytis cinerea, Botrytis allii, brown rot causing agents (Monilinia laxa and Monilinia fructigena), and grape downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) was examined in vitro. White willow (Salix alba) and absinthe (Artemisia absinthium) ethanolic extracts were found to be the most effective in particular against Plasmopara viticola, with a total inhibition of spores germination when applied at 1000 mg/L. These extracts also showed a relatively low toxicity during preliminary ecotoxicological assays on Daphnia pulex. Extract from the bark of white willow contained some flavonoids, especially flavanones (eriodyctiol and derivates) and flavanols (catechins and derivates), as major compounds, whereas absinthe extract was rich in O-methylated flavanols and hydroxycinnamic acids. Thujone content in this extract was also determined by external calibration in GC-MS analysis, and its value was 0.004% dry extract.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11356-018-1320-z

  3 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29514630
[Au] Autor:Nauman M; Kale RK; Singh RP
[Ad] Address:School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110067, India.
[Ti] Title:Polyphenols of Salix aegyptiaca modulate the activities of drug metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and level of lipid peroxidation.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;18(1):81, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Salix aegyptiaca is known for its medicinal properties mainly due to the presence of salicylate compounds. However, it also contains other beneficial phytochemicals such as gallic acid, quercetin, rutin and vanillin. The aim of the study was to examine the redox potential, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of these phytochemicals along with acetylsalicylic acid. METHODS: The redox potential and antioxidant activity of gallic acid, quercetin, rutin, vanillin and acetylsalicylic acid were determined by oxidation-reduction potential electrode method and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, respectively. In ex vivo studies, antioxidant activity of these phytochemicals was determined by lipid peroxidation and carbonyl content assay in the liver of mice. Anti-inflammatory activity was determined by protein denaturation method. Six-week old C57BL/6 mice treated with gallic acid (100 mg/kg body weight) and acetylsalicylic acid (25 and 50 mg/kg body weight) to investigate their in vivo modulatory effects on the specific activities of drug metabolizing phase I and phase II enzymes, antioxidant enzymes and level of lipid peroxidation in liver. RESULTS: The order of ability to donate electron and antioxidant activity was found to be: gallic acid > quercetin > rutin > vanillin > acetylsalicylic acid. In ex vivo studies, the similar pattern and magnitude of inhibitory effects of these phytochemicals against peroxidative damage in microsomes and protein carbonyl in cytosolic fraction were observed. In in vivo studies, gallic acid and acetylsalicylic acid alone or in combination, enhanced the specific activities of drug metabolizing phase I and phase II enzymes as well as antioxidant enzymes and also inhibited lipid peroxidation in liver. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show a close link between the electron donation and antioxidation potential of these phytochemicals, and in turn their biological activity. Gallic acid, quercetin, rutin and vanillin were found to be better electron donors and antioxidants and therefore, might be mainly responsible for the antioxidant properties of S. aegyptiaca, while acetylsalicylic acid provided its maximum anti-inflammatory activity.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-018-2143-7

  4 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29315920
[Au] Autor:Carnett MJH; Plant JD
[Ad] Address:SkinVet Clinic, Suite 120, 15800 SW Upper Boones Ferry Road, Lake Oswego, OR, 97035, USA.
[Ti] Title:Percutaneous prick test irritant threshold concentrations for eight allergens in healthy nonsedated dogs in the USA.
[So] Source:Vet Dermatol;29(2):117-e47, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3164
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Percutaneous testing (PT) is preferred to intradermal testing in humans for the in vivo identification of allergen hypersensitivity, but the methodology has not been well described for use in dogs with atopic dermatitis. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To identify the irritant threshold concentrations (ITC) of eight aeroallergens using a commercial prick test device in normal dogs. ANIMALS: Twenty healthy, privately owned dogs. METHODS: Percutaneous testing was performed using the GREER Pick System (Stallergenes Greer; Lenoir, NC, USA). Five dilutions of glycerinated extracts of Bromis inermis, Sorghum halepense, Chenopodium album, Ambrosia psilostachya, Salix nigra and Acer negundo, as well as four dilutions of Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus were included. Glycerinated histamine (6 mg/ml) and glycerin/Coca's solution were used for the positive and negative controls, respectively. Orthogonal wheal diameters were measured for each test site every 5 min for 25 min. Reactions were considered significant when the average wheal diameter was equal to or greater than the mean of the positive and negative controls. RESULTS: Significant reactions were noted in five of 20 (25%) of dogs. The ITC (≤10% of dogs reacting) were 1:20 w/v for B. inermis and S. nigra, 1:400 w/v for D. farinae and 1:200 w/v for D. pteronyssinus. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: These results suggest that the pollen allergens evaluated in this study can be used for PT at their undiluted concentration (1:20 w/v) with a reasonable assurance of few false positive reactions in dogs. Dust mites require dilution for testing at the ITC.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/vde.12514

  5 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28449073
[Au] Autor:Berlin S; Hallingbäck HR; Beyer F; Nordh NE; Weih M; Rönnberg-Wästljung AC
[Ad] Address:Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Biology, Uppsala BioCenter, Linnean Centre for Plant Biology, P.O. Box 7080, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Title:Genetics of phenotypic plasticity and biomass traits in hybrid willows across contrasting environments and years.
[So] Source:Ann Bot;120(1):87-100, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8290
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Background and Aims: Phenotypic plasticity can affect the geographical distribution of taxa and greatly impact the productivity of crops across contrasting and variable environments. The main objectives of this study were to identify genotype-phenotype associations in key biomass and phenology traits and the strength of phenotypic plasticity of these traits in a short-rotation coppice willow population across multiple years and contrasting environments to facilitate marker-assisted selection for these traits. Methods: A hybrid Salix viminalis × ( S. viminalis × Salix schwerinii ) population with 463 individuals was clonally propagated and planted in three common garden experiments comprising one climatic contrast between Sweden and Italy and one water availability contrast in Italy. Several key phenotypic traits were measured and phenotypic plasticity was estimated as the trait value difference between experiments. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping analyses were conducted using a dense linkage map and phenotypic effects of S. schwerinii haplotypes derived from detected QTL were assessed. Key Results: Across the climatic contrast, clone predictor correlations for biomass traits were low and few common biomass QTL were detected. This indicates that the genetic regulation of biomass traits was sensitive to environmental variation. Biomass QTL were, however, frequently shared across years and across the water availability contrast. Phenology QTL were generally shared between all experiments. Substantial phenotypic plasticity was found among the hybrid offspring, that to a large extent had a genetic origin. Individuals carrying influential S. schwerinii haplotypes generally performed well in Sweden but less well in Italy in terms of biomass production. Conclusions: The results indicate that specific genetic elements of S. schwerinii are more suited to Swedish conditions than to those of Italy. Therefore, selection should preferably be conducted separately for such environments in order to maximize biomass production in admixed S. viminalis × S. schwerinii populations.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Biomass
Environment
Phenotype
Salix/genetics
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Chromosome Mapping
Genetic Association Studies
Italy
Quantitative Trait Loci
Salix/growth & development
Sweden
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/aob/mcx029

  6 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29511215
[Au] Autor:Lei Y; Su H; Tian F
[Ad] Address:School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, 235 West College Road, Hohhot, 010021, Inner Mongolia, China.
[Ti] Title:A Novel Nitrogen Enriched Hydrochar Adsorbents Derived from Salix Biomass for Cr (VI) Adsorption.
[So] Source:Sci Rep;8(1):4040, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:2045-2322
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Hydrochars were prepared from Salix by hydrothermal carbonization, and characterized by FT-IR, C NMR, XPS, UV-vis, TG, SEM and BET techniques. The results showed that the hydrochars with molecular sieve-type open pore structure contained numbers of oxygen and nitrogen functional groups, which benefited the adsorption and diffusion of adsorbent Cr (VI). The hydrochar obtained from 26 h reaction (HC-26) was indicated an excellent adsorbent compared to the commercial activated carbon, and its maximum removal efficiency for Cr (VI) reaches up to 99.84% at pH 1. Langmuir´s model is well fitted the experimental equilibrium adsorption data of total Cr. The bath experiment results showed that Cr (VI) could be removed rapidly in the first 300 min. Furthermore, the adsorption kinetics process of HC-26 could be described by pseudo-second-order model. Based on the above results, HC-26 could be acted as a potential efficient adsorbent for removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180307
[Lr] Last revision date:180307
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-21238-8

  7 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29501893
[Au] Autor:Ruuhola T; Nybakken L; Randriamanana T; Lavola A; Julkunen-Tiitto R
[Ad] Address:Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Natural Products Laboratory, University of Eastern Finland (UEF), P.O. Box, 111, FI-80101, Joensuu, Finland.
[Ti] Title:Effects of long-term UV-exposure and plant sex on the leaf phenoloxidase activities and phenolic concentrations of Salix myrsinifolia (Salisb.).
[So] Source:Plant Physiol Biochem;126:55-62, 2018 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2690
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The accumulation of flavonoids on the leaf surface is a well-characterized protective mechanism against UV-B radiation. Other protective mechanisms, such as the induction of antioxidative enzymes and peroxidase-mediated lignification may also be important. The effects of UV-B radiation have mainly been considered in short-term studies, whereas ecologically more relevant long-term field studies are still rare. Here we examined the effects of long-term exposure to enhanced UV-B radiation on the activities of two antioxidative enzymes, polyphenol oxidase (PPO; EC 1.10.2.2 and EC 1.14.18.1) and guaiacol peroxidase (POD; EC 1.11.1.7), as well as the phenolic concentrations in two sexes of the dioecious species, Salix myrsinifolia. After three consecutive growth seasons with enhanced UV-B radiation, we found that PPO activity was decreased by UV radiation in male plants, which might explain their lower UV-B tolerance when compared to female plants. In addition, male plants had higher specific activity than did female plants under ambient conditions, supporting the idea that males of S. myrsinifolia are generally more growth-oriented than females. By contrast, neither UV treatment nor sex had significant effects on the POD activities of willows. Gender differences in the concentrations of phenolic compounds are in line with the general concept that males are less well defended than females. We suggest that the inability to increase PPO and POD activity, along with lower accumulation of UV-B absorbing compounds under UV-B exposure, might be one of the reasons why males had thinner leaves and were less tolerant of UV-B than were females.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180304
[Lr] Last revision date:180304
[St] Status:Publisher

  8 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29247932
[Au] Autor:Yildirim K; Kasim GÇ
[Ad] Address:GOP University, Department of Bioengineering, Tokat, Turkey. Electronic address: kubi_yildirim@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Title:Phytoremediation potential of poplar and willow species in small scale constructed wetland for boron removal.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;194:722-736, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Boron (B) pollution is an expanding environmental problem throughout the world due to intensive mining practices and extensive usage of B in agricultural chemicals and industrial products in recent years. The purpose of this study was to investigate B removal performance of four poplar and four willow species in small scale Constructed Wetland (CW). Rooted cuttings of tested species were treated with simulated wastewater having five elevated B concentrations (0.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 ppm). All the tested species could resist up to 20 ppm wastewater B supply and could regrow from their roots in the soil having maximum 15 mg/kg B content. The result of the study indicated that 65% ± 5.3 of B was removed from the wastewater in 5 ppm B treatment while the same efficiency decreased to 45% ± 4.6 at 40 ppm B supply. The average effect of sediment on B removal was found to be approximately 20% for all B treatments while the remaining part of the loaded B was removed from the CW within effluent (35-54%). Therefore, actual effects of plant species on B removal was ranged from 45% to 25% between 5 and 40 ppm B treatments. Mass B removal within plant body (phytextraction) comprised the 13-10% of total loaded B in CW while the remaining part of the loaded B (31-15%) was stabilized into the sediment with the effects of poplar and willow roots. These results presented clear understanding of effective B purification mechanisms in CWs. Boron phytextraction capacity of a plant species was less effective than its phytstabilization efficiency which increase filtering capacity of the sediment and stabilization of more B around the rhizosphere. In terms of their B removal ability, P.nigra and S.anatolica had the highest B removal capacities with phytextraction (20-11%) while S.alba, P.alba and S.babylonica had more phytstabilizaiton performance (40-15%) in CW. Disposal of B loaded plant material create another environmental costs for CW applications. Therefore, B loaded wood and leaf tissues were mixed and used for production of wooden panels in the study. Then a combustion test was applied on these panels to test their fire resistance. The results of the tests revealed much higher burning tolerance of the B loaded panels (5-20%) compared to controls. Annual harvesting, fast growing and deep rooting ability of the poplar and willow species with their high phytstabilization and phytextraction efficiencies make these species excellent tools to remove B from the polluted waters. Utilization of these species for B removal in large scale CWs is quite possible which should be also investigated in further studies.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Boron/isolation & purification
Environmental Pollution/analysis
Populus/metabolism
Salix/metabolism
Wetlands
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Biodegradation, Environmental
Boron/pharmacokinetics
Environmental Pollution/prevention & control
Plant Roots/chemistry
Plant Roots/growth & development
Soil/chemistry
Waste Water/chemistry
Water Pollutants, Chemical/isolation & purification
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Soil); 0 (Waste Water); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); N9E3X5056Q (Boron)
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180228
[Lr] Last revision date:180228
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  9 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29486454
[Au] Autor:Hu B; Jarosch AM; Gauder M; Graeff-Hönninger S; Schnitzler JP; Grote R; Rennenberg H; Kreuzwieser J
[Ad] Address:College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, 3 Taicheng Road, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China; Chair of Tree Physiology, Institute of Forest Sciences, University of Freiburg, Georges-Köhler Allee 53/54, 79110 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: hubjoe@126.com.
[Ti] Title:VOC emissions and carbon balance of two bioenergy plantations in response to nitrogen fertilization: A comparison of Miscanthus and Salix.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;237:205-217, 2018 Feb 24.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Energy crops are an important renewable source for energy production in future. To ensure high yields of crops, N fertilization is a common practice. However, knowledge on environmental impacts of bioenergy plantations, particularly in systems involving trees, and the effects of N fertilization is scarce. We studied the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC), which negatively affect the environment by contributing to tropospheric ozone and aerosols formation, from Miscanthus and willow plantations. Particularly, we aimed at quantifying the effect of N fertilization on VOC emission. For this purpose, we determined plant traits, photosynthetic gas exchange and VOC emission rates of the two systems as affected by N fertilization (0 and 80 kg ha yr ). Additionally, we used a modelling approach to simulate (i) the annual VOC emission rates as well as (ii) the OH reactivity resulting from individual VOC emitted. Total VOC emissions from Salix was 1.5- and 2.5-fold higher compared to Miscanthus in non-fertilized and fertilized plantations, respectively. Isoprene was the dominating VOC in Salix (80-130 µg g DW h ), whereas it was negligible in Miscanthus. We identified twenty-eight VOC compounds, which were released by Miscanthus with the green leaf volatile hexanal as well as dimethyl benzene, dihydrofuranone, phenol, and decanal as the dominant volatiles. The pattern of VOC released from this species clearly differed to the pattern emitted by Salix. OH reactivity from VOC released by Salix was ca. 8-times higher than that of Miscanthus. N fertilization enhanced stand level VOC emissions, mainly by promoting the leaf area index and only marginally by enhancing the basal emission capacity of leaves. Considering the higher productivity of fertilized Miscanthus compared to Salix together with the considerably lower OH reactivity per weight unit of biomass produced, qualified the C -perennial grass Miscanthus as a superior source of future bioenergy production.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 1456 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28923722
[Au] Autor:Agathokleous E; Paoletti E; Manning WJ; Kitao M; Saitanis CJ; Koike T
[Ad] Address:Silviculture & Forest Ecological Studies, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8589, Japan; Hokkaido Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Forest Research and Management Organization, 7 Hitsujigaoka, Sapporo, Hokkaido 062-8516, Japan. Electronic address:
[Ti] Title:High doses of ethylenediurea (EDU) as soil drenches did not increase leaf N content or cause phytotoxicity in willow grown in fertile soil.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:574-584, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Ground-level ozone (O ) levels are nowadays elevated in wide regions of the Earth, causing significant effects on plants that finally lead to suppressed productivity and yield losses. Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a chemical compound which is widely used in research projects as phytoprotectant against O injury. The EDU mode of action remains still unclear, while there are indications that EDU may contribute to plants with nitrogen (N) when the soil is poor in N and the plants have relatively small leaf area. To reveal whether the N content of EDU acts as a fertilizer to plants when the soil is not poor in N and the plants have relatively large total plant leaf area, willow plants (Salix sachalinensis Fr. Schm) were exposed to low ambient O levels and treated ten times (9-day interval) with 200mL soil drench containing 0, 800 or 1600mg EDU L . Fertilizer was added to a nutrient-poor soil, and the plants had an average plant leaf area of 9.1m at the beginning of EDU treatments. Indications for EDU-induced hormesis in maximum electron transport rate (J ) and ratio of intercellular to ambient CO concentration (C :C ) were observed at the end of the experiment. No other EDU-induced effects on leaf greenness and N content, maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (F /F ), gas exchange, growth and matter production suggest that EDU did not act as N fertilizer and did not cause toxicity under these experimental conditions.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Nitrogen/metabolism
Phenylurea Compounds/pharmacology
Plant Leaves/drug effects
Salix/drug effects
Soil/chemistry
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Air Pollutants/toxicity
Environmental Monitoring
Hormesis
Japan
Ozone/toxicity
Plant Leaves/growth & development
Plant Leaves/metabolism
Salix/growth & development
Salix/metabolism
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Phenylurea Compounds); 0 (Soil); 54924-46-8 (ethylene diurea); 66H7ZZK23N (Ozone); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180223
[Lr] Last revision date:180223
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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