Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Smear and Layer [Words]
References found : 2386 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 239 go to page                         

  1 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29346398
[Au] Autor:Martinez-Andrade JM; Avalos-Borja M; Vilchis-Nestor AR; Sanchez-Vargas LO; Castro-Longoria E
[Ad] Address:Departamento de Microbiología, Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Ensenada, Baja California, México.
[Ti] Title:Dual function of EDTA with silver nanoparticles for root canal treatment-A novel modification.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190866, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The chelating and antimicrobial capacity of a novel modification of 17% EDTA with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) (EDTA-AgNPs) was evaluated in-vitro for root canal treatment (RCT). The EDTA-AgNPs solution was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, ζ-potential and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Antimicrobial capacity was evaluated against Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus in planktonic and biofilm cells by broth macrodilution (24 h) and XTT assays, (1, 10 and 30 min) respectively. The chelating capacity of EDTA-AgNPs was assessed indirectly (smear layer removal) and directly (demineralizing effect) in bovine dentin at two silver concentrations, 16 and 512 µg/ml at 1 and 10 minutes of exposure time. Smear layer removal was evaluated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The demineralizing effect was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), microhardness test (MH) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Synthesized AgNPs were quasi-spherical in shape with an average size of 13.09 ± 8.05 nm. 17% EDTA-AgNPs was effective to inhibit C. albicans and S. aureus in planktonic and biofilm cultures. The smear layer removal and demineralizing effect were similar between 17% EDTA-AgNPs and 17% EDTA treatments. The 17% EDTA-AgNPs solution proved to be an effective antimicrobial agent, and has a similar chelating capacity to 17% EDTA alone. These in-vitro studies strongly suggest that EDTA-AgNPs could be used for effective smear layer removal, having an antimicrobial effect at the same time during RCT.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Edetic Acid/chemistry
Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry
Root Canal Therapy
Silver/chemistry
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Biofilms/drug effects
Candida albicans/drug effects
Cattle
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Microscopy, Atomic Force
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Silver/pharmacology
Spectrophotometry, Atomic
Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects
X-Ray Diffraction
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Name of substance:3M4G523W1G (Silver); 9G34HU7RV0 (Edetic Acid)
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180221
[Lr] Last revision date:180221
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190866

  2 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29465070
[Au] Autor:Rabinovich IM; Babichenko II; Vasil'ev AV; Golubeva SA; Zakharova KE
[Ad] Address:Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Moscow, Russia.
[Ti] Title:Izuchenie struktury stenki kornevykh kanalov zubov posle fotodinamicheskogo vozdeistviia. [Root canals dentinal wall structure after photodynamic exposure].
[So] Source:Stomatologiia (Mosk);97(1):16-21, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:0039-1735
[Cp] Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
[La] Language:rus
[Ab] Abstract:The aim of the study was to assess root canal dentinal walls structure after photodynamic exposure with the use of 0.5% photoditazine. A root canal dentin of 46 single root intact teeth removed for orthodontic indications was examined by scanning electron microscope JEOL JSM-6510 (Japan). Microphotographs of the root canal wall were obtained in the orifice, central and apical parts under×2000 magnification. It was found that photoactivation of 0.5% gel photoditazine by a light source, laser or diode, with a wavelength of 635-660 nm and a power of 150-200 mW is an effective technique for removing the smear layer of the root canal wall, which facilitates the maximum opening of the dentinal tubules to a depth of 2-3 µm. The best result (the maximum number of open dentinal tubules, the absence of a smear layer) is observed with 3 min photoditazine exposure and 2 min of laser exposure. The method can be proposed as an alternative supplement to the conventional root canals irrigation.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180221
[Lr] Last revision date:180221
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.17116/stomat201897116-21

  3 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Silva, Ricardo Gariba
Full text

[PMID]: 29205666
[Au] Autor:Machado R; Garcia LDFR; da Silva Neto UX; Cruz Filho AMD; Silva RG; Vansan LP
[Ad] Address:Department of Restorative Dentistry (Endodontics), School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Avenida do Café, s/n, Campus da USP Ribeirão, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo CEP: 14040-904, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Evaluation of 17% EDTA and 10% citric acid in smear layer removal and tubular dentin sealer penetration.
[So] Source:Microsc Res Tech;81(3):275-282, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0029
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of different chelating solutions (17% EDTA and 10% citric acid) on the smear layer removal, and their effect on tubular dentin sealer penetration. Sixty root canals were prepared and distributed into four groups (n = 15) according to the final irrigation protocol: G1, final irrigation with 2.5 mL of distilled water; G2, final irrigation with 2.5 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution; G3, final irrigation with 2.5 mL of 17% EDTA; and G4, final irrigation with 2.5 mL of 10% citric acid. Five specimens from each group were not filled to assess smear layer removal by scanning electron microscopy. Ten specimens from each group were filled for analysis of sealer penetration into dentinal tubules by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Smear layer removal (Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests) and sealer penetration (F and Tukey's tests) were statistically analyzed with 95% of significance level. G3 and G4 had greater smear layer removal rates in the cervical and middle thirds, in comparison with G1 and G2 (p < .05). G3 and G4 had the highest percentages of sealer penetration in all thirds, in comparison with G1 and G2 (p < .05). Smear layer removal was effective only at the cervical and middle thirds when the chelating solutions were used. Sealer penetration into the dentinal tubules significantly increased in all root thirds when the specimens were treated with both chelating solutions.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180221
[Lr] Last revision date:180221
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1002/jemt.22976

  4 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29233540
[Au] Autor:Thanatvarakorn O; Prasansuttiporn T; Thittaweerat S; Foxton RM; Ichinose S; Tagami J; Hosaka K; Nakajima M
[Ad] Address:Cariology and Operative Dentistry, Department of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8549, Japan. Electronic address: ornnicha.tha@bkkthon.ac.th.
[Ti] Title:Smear layer-deproteinizing improves bonding of one-step self-etch adhesives to dentin.
[So] Source:Dent Mater;34(3):434-441, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0097
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Smear layer deproteinizing was proved to reduce the organic phase of smear layer covered on dentin surface. It was shown to eliminate hybridized smear layer and nanoleakage expression in resin-dentin bonding interface of two-step self-etch adhesive. This study aimed to investigate those effects on various one-step self-etch adhesives. METHODS: Four different one-step self-etch adhesives were used in this study; SE One (SE), Scotchbond™ Universal (SU), BeautiBond Multi (BB), and Bond Force (BF). Flat human dentin surfaces with standardized smear layer were prepared. Smear layer deproteinizing was carried out by the application of 50ppm hypochlorous acid (HOCl) on dentin surface for 15s followed by Accel (p-toluenesulfinic acid salt) for 5s prior to adhesive application. No surface pretreatment was used as control. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and nanoleakage under TEM observation were investigated. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test and t-test at the significant level of 0.05. RESULTS: Smear layer deproteinizing significantly improved µTBS of SE, SU, and BB (p<0.001). Hybridized smear layer observed in control groups of SE, BB, and BF, and reticular nanoleakage presented throughout the hybridized complex in control groups of BB and BF were eliminated upon the smear layer deproteinizing. SIGNIFICANCE: Smear layer deproteinizing by HOCl and Accel application could enhance the quality of dentin for bonding to one-step self-etch adhesives, resulting in the improving µTBS, eliminating hybridized smear layer and preventing reticular nanoleakage formation in resin-dentin bonding interface.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180219
[Lr] Last revision date:180219
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  5 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29436057
[Au] Autor:Coaguila-Llerena H; Stefanini da Silva V; Tanomaru-Filho M; Guerreiro Tanomaru JM; Faria G
[Ad] Address:Araraquara School of Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Araraquara, SP, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Cleaning capacity of octenidine as root canal irrigant: A scanning electron microscopy study.
[So] Source:Microsc Res Tech;, 2018 Feb 13.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0029
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The aim of this study was to assess the cleaning capacity of the octenidine hydrochloride (OCT) used as root canal irrigant by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Sixty human unirradicular extracted teeth were randomly distributed in 6 groups (n = 10) according to irrigant solutions which were used during root canal preparation: G1, 0.1% OCT; G2, 2% chlorhexidine (CHX); G3, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G4, OCT + 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); G5, 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA and G6, distilled water. All specimens were instrumented with ProTaper system up to F4. Teeth were sectioned and prepared for SEM. The smear layer was evaluated using a 5-score system and the data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn (α = 0.05). In all root canal thirds there was no significant difference between OCT, CHX, NaOCl, and water groups (p > .05), and these groups showed higher smear layer values than NaOCl + EDTA and OCT + EDTA groups (p < .05). There was no significant difference between NaOCl + EDTA and OCT + EDTA groups (p > .05). It was concluded that OCT used as a single root canal irrigant presented poor cleaning capacity and could be used in association with a final irrigation with EDTA to obtain smear layer removal.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180213
[Lr] Last revision date:180213
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1002/jemt.23007

  6 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29411728
[Au] Autor:Zhou H; Li Q; Wei L; Huang S; Zhao S
[Ad] Address:Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wenzhou Medical University, P.R. China.
[Ti] Title:A comparative scanning electron microscopy evaluation of smear layer removal with chitosan and MTAD.
[So] Source:Niger J Clin Pract;21(1):76-80, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1119-3077
[Cp] Country of publication:India
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of chitosan and MTAD for the smear layer removal from the root canal through a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Thirty teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the final irrigants: 0.2% chitosan, MTAD, saline (control group). After the mechanical preparation, the samples were irrigated with saline (control group), 0.2% chitosan and MTDA respectively. Then, the samples were split and the smear layer at the apical, middle, and coronal thirds of each root canal was imaged using SEM. The statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Mann-Whitney U test (α = 5%). The difference between chitosan and MTDA was statistically significant in the apical region (p < 0.05), no significant difference was obtained in the coronal and middle regions in these two experiment groups (p > 0.05). The control group exhibited the lowest efficacy in smear layer removal in all regions. Thus, from the result of the present study, we may conclude that chitosan was more effective in smear layer removal than MTAD especially in the apical third. CONTEXT: Irrigation, which serves a variety of purposes including antibacterial action, tissue dissolution, cleaning and chelating, plays a centric role in the final success of root canal treatment. Thus, more and more attention has been put on the improvement and development of various irrigation techniques or systems. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of chitosan and MTAD for the smear layer removal from the root canal through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Thirty single-canal premolars were instrumented with rotary-files and then, randomly assigned to test groups which were irrigated with chitosan and MTDA, and control group was treated with saline. Thereafter, the efficacy of smear layer removal was evaluated by SEM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the final irrigants: 0.2% chitosan, MTAD, saline (control group). After the mechanical preparation, the samples were irrigated with saline (control group), 0.2% chitosan and MTDA respectively. Then, the samples were split and the smear layer at the apical, middle, and coronal thirds of each root canal was imaged using SEM. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Kruskal-Walli test and Mann-Whitney U test Results: The difference between chitosan and MTDA was statistically significant in the apical regions (p < 0.05), no significant difference was obtained in the coronal and middle regions in these two experiment groups (p > 0.05). The control group exhibited the lowest efficacy in smear layer removal in all regions. CONCLUSION: Thus, from the result of present study, we may conclude that chitosan was more effective in smear layer removal than MTAD, especially in the apical third.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180207
[Lr] Last revision date:180207
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.4103/1119-3077.224798

  7 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29215582
[Au] Autor:Stevens EG; Clayhold JA; Doan H; Fabinski RP; Hynecek J; Kosman SL; Parks C
[Ad] Address:ON Semiconductor, 1964 Lake Avenue, Rochester, NY 14615, USA. eric.stevens@onsemi.com.
[Ti] Title:Recent Enhancements to Interline and Electron Multiplying CCD Image Sensors.
[So] Source:Sensors (Basel);17(12), 2017 Dec 07.
[Is] ISSN:1424-8220
[Cp] Country of publication:Switzerland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This paper describes recent process modifications made to enhance the performance of interline and electron-multiplying charge-coupled-device (EMCCD) image sensors. By use of MeV ion implantation, quantum efficiency in the NIR region of the spectrum was increased by 2×, and image smear was reduced by 6 dB. By reducing the depth of the shallow photodiode (PD) implants, the photodiode-to-vertical-charge-coupled-device (VCCD) transfer gate voltage required for no-lag operation was reduced by 3 V, and the electronic shutter voltage was reduced by 9 V. The thinner, surface pinning layer also resulted in a reduction of smear by 4 dB in the blue portion of the visible spectrum. For EMCCDs, gain aging was eliminated by providing an oxide-only dielectric under its multiplication phase, while retaining the oxide-nitride-oxide (ONO) gate dielectrics elsewhere in the device.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180111
[Lr] Last revision date:180111
[St] Status:In-Process

  8 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29310877
[Au] Autor:Belizário LG; Kuga MC; Castro-Núñez GM; Escalante-Otárola WG; Só MVR; Pereira JR
[Ad] Address:Doctoral student, Restorative Dentistry Department, Araraquara Dental School, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Effects of different peracetic acid formulations on post space radicular dentin.
[So] Source:J Prosthet Dent;, 2018 Jan 05.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6841
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The optimal irrigating solution with antimicrobial and dentin cleansing properties for post space preparation for fiber posts is unclear. Peracetic acid is one option but is available in various chemical formulations that require evaluation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate dentin surface cleanliness based on the presence of a smear layer and the number of open dentin tubules. It also investigates the chemical composition of residues after canal irrigation with a 1% peracetic acid solution (PA) at low or high concentration of hydrogen peroxide during the preparation of intracanal fiber posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After filling the root canals of 40 mandibular incisors, a rotary instrument was used for intracanal preparation to place fiber posts. The teeth were divided into 4 groups (n=10) according to the post space irrigation protocol as follows: CG (control): distilled water; NA (NaOCl): 2.5% sodium hypochlorite; LH: PA with low concentration of hydrogen peroxide; and HH: PA with high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. After irrigation, the teeth were sectioned, and the intracanal dentin surface was subjected to analysis using energy dispersive spectroscopy to evaluate chemical composition and to scanning electron microscopy (×500) to evaluate the presence of the smear layer. The number of open dentin tubules was measured by scanning electron microscopy analysis (×2000) using photo-editing software. ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05) were used to evaluate the data, except for the presence of a smear layer, for which the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests were used (α=.05). RESULTS: The highest concentrations of oxygen in the dentin residues were detected in LH and HH (P<.05); CG and NA showed similar oxygen concentrations (P>.05). NA had a higher concentration of chlorine (P<.05), whereas LH had a lower amount of smear layer and a larger number of open dentin tubules than the other groups (P<.05). These were equivalent to each other (P>.05), except for HH, which also had a larger number of open dentin tubules than CG and NA (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: PA 1% with a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide yielded a lower amount of smear layer and a larger number of open dentin tubules in the dentin of the post space when compared with PA 1% with a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide, despite maintaining a similar oxygen concentration in these dentin residues.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180109
[Lr] Last revision date:180109
[St] Status:Publisher

  9 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29284095
[Au] Autor:Siqueira F; Cardenas A; Gomes GM; Chibinski AC; Gomes O; Bandeca MC; Loguercio AD; Gomes JC
[Ti] Title:Three-Year Effects of Deproteinization on the In Vitro Durability of Resin/Dentin-Eroded Interfaces.
[So] Source:Oper Dent;43(1):60-70, 2018 Jan/Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1559-2863
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of sodium hypochlorite on the immediate and three-year bonding properties of a resin-eroded dentin interface produced by one of two adhesive strategies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-eight molars were randomly assigned to six experimental groups, according to the combination of the adhesive strategy (etch-and-rinse and self-etch) and the dentin surface (control groups without erosion, eroded dentin surface [ED], and eroded dentin surface + NaOCl 5.2% [ED + NaOCl]). After completing restoration, specimens were stored in water (37°C) for 24 hours and then sectioned into resin-dentin beams (0.8 mm ) to be tested under tension (0.5 mm/min) immediately thereafter or after three years of water storage. To assess nanoleakage (NL), specimens were immersed in silver nitrate solution and examined by scanning electron microscopy at both time points. The dentin-etching pattern was examined under a scanning electron microscope. Data were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis (α=0.05) Results: In both strategies, a more pronounced and significant reduction of the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) values was observed for the ED groups ( p=0.0001) after three years. However, in the ED + NaOCl group, µTBS values were maintained after three years of water storage. Furthermore, application of NaOCl to eroded dentin significantly reduced the immediate NL values and also preserved these values after three years of water storage for both adhesive strategies ( p>0.05). When considering the ED group, a superficial removal of the smear layer and enlarged lumen tubules in comparison to control were present. However, for ED + NaOCl, there was a total removal of the smear layer and significant numbers of collagen fibrils were exposed. CONCLUSION: The use of NaOCl may maintain the long-term stability of a resin-eroded dentin interface formed by etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 171228
[Lr] Last revision date:171228
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.2341/16-308-L

  10 / 2386 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29178166
[Au] Autor:Virdee SS; Seymour DW; Farnell D; Bhamra G; Bhakta S
[Ad] Address:Department of Restorative Dentistry, Birmingham Dental Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
[Ti] Title:Efficacy of irrigant activation techniques in removing intracanal smear layer and debris from mature permanent teeth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Int Endod J;, 2017 Nov 25.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2591
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: To establish whether irrigant activation techniques (IATs) result in greater intracanal smear layer and debris removal than conventional needle irrigation (CNI). METHODOLOGY: Six electronic databases were searched to identify scanning electron microscopy studies evaluating smear layer and/or debris removal following the use of manual dynamic activation (MDA), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), sonic irrigation (SI) or apical negative pressure (ANP) IATs in mature permanent teeth. Meta-analyses were performed for each canal segment (coronal, middle, apical and apical 1 mm) in addition to subgroup analyses for individual IATs with respect to CNI. Outcomes were presented as standardized mean differences (SMD) alongside 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and chi-squared analysis. RESULTS: From 252 citations, 16 studies were identified. The meta-analyses demonstrated significant improvements in coronal (SMD: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.72-1.57 / SMD: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.29-0.80), middle (SMD: 1.30, 95% CI: 0.59-2.53 / SMD: 0.8, 95% CI: 0.58-1.13) and apical thirds (SMD: 1.22, 95% CI: 0.83-1.62 / SMD: 1.86, 95% CI: 0.76-2.96) for smear layer and debris removal, respectively. In the apical 1 mm IATs improved cleanliness; however, differences were insignificant (SMD: 1.15, 95% CI: -0.47-2.77). Chi-squared analysis revealed heterogeneity scores of 79.3-92.8% and 0.0-93.5% for smear layer and debris removal, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IATs improve intracanal cleanliness across a substantial portion of the canal, and therefore, their use is recommended throughout root canal preparation. However, current data is too heterogeneous to compare and identify superiority of an individual technique highlighting the need to standardize experimental protocols and develop a more representative research model to investigate the in vivo impact of IATs on clinical outcomes and periapical healing following root canal treatment.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171222
[Lr] Last revision date:171222
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/iej.12877


page 1 of 239 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information