Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Spinal and Osteochondrosis [Words]
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[PMID]: 29350649
[Au] Autor:D'Aprile P; Nasuto M; Tarantino A; Cornacchia S; Guglielmi G; Jinkins JR
[Ad] Address:. giuseppe.guglielmi@unifg.it.
[Ti] Title:Magnetic Resonance Imaging in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine: Fat Saturation technique and contrast medium.
[So] Source:Acta Biomed;89(1-S):208-219, 2018 01 19.
[Is] ISSN:0392-4203
[Cp] Country of publication:Italy
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: To examine both anterior and posterior elements of the lumbar spine in patients with low back pain using MRI T2-weighted sequences with Fat Saturation (FS) and contrast enhanced T1-weighted sequences with FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two thousand eight hundred and twenty (2820) patients (1628 male, 1192 female, mean age 54) presenting low back pain underwent MRI standard examination (Sagittal T1w TSE and T2w TSE, axial T1 SE) with the addition of sagittal and axial T2w Fat Sat (FS) sequences. Among all the patients, 987 (35%) have been studied adding Contrast Enhanced (CE) T1w FS sequences after administration of contrast medium. RESULTS: Among 987 patients studied with contrast medium, we found: active-inflammatory intervertebral osteochondrosis in 646 (65%) patients; degenerative-inflammatory changes in facet joints (facet joint effusion, synovitis, synovial cysts) in 462 (47%); spondylolysis in 69 (7%); degenerative-inflammatory changes of the flava, interspinous and supraspinous ligaments in 245 (25%); inflammatory changes of posterior perispinal muscles in 84 (8%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected no-disc-related low back pain, the implementation of T2w FS and CE T1w FS sequences to the standard MR protocol could allow a better identification of degenerative-inflammatory changes more likely associated to the pain.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180123
[Lr] Last revision date:180123
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.23750/abm.v89i1-S.7024

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[PMID]: 28888389
[Au] Autor:Viciano J; López-Lázaro S; Pérez-Fernández Á; Amores-Ampuero A; D'Anastasio R; Jiménez-Triguero JM
[Ad] Address:Operative Unit of Anthropology, Department of Medicine and Ageing Sciences, 'G. d'Annunzio', University of Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini 29, 66100 Chieti, Italy. Electronic address: joanviciano@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Scheuermann's disease in a juvenile male from the late Roman necropolis of Torrenueva (3rd-4th century CE, Granada, Spain).
[So] Source:Int J Paleopathol;18:26-37, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-9825
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This study details a severe case of Scheuermann's disease (SD) in a well-preserved skeleton of a juvenile male (designated TOR302), dated to 3rd-4th century CE, from the late Roman necropolis of Torrenueva (Granada, Spain). Individual TOR302 shows an evident kyphotic curve in the thoraco-lumbar spine, which is characterised by: (i) vertebral bodies of thoracic vertebra T2, thoracic segment T4-T9, and thoraco-lumbar segment T12-L2 wedged at >5°; (ii) slight anterior extensions of the epiphyseal ring; (iii) Schmorl's nodes on the superior and/or inferior plates; and (iv) a Cobb angle of 75°, derived from thoracic segments T4-T9. In addition, TOR302 shows other skeletal malformations as the secondary results of abnormal growth, due to altered biomechanical forces imposed by the spinal deformity, including: (i) lateral distortion of the spine that causes a slight secondary scoliotic curve; (ii) pelvic obliquity; and (iii) discrepancy in the length of the limbs. We argue that the secondary skeletal abnormalities allowed the individual to adapt to his spinal deformity meaning he was able to walk without the aid of a stick. Despite SD being a common modern clinical finding, few cases have been reported in ancient skeletal remains. This case therefore represents an important contribution to the palaeopathological literature.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1709
[Cu] Class update date: 170910
[Lr] Last revision date:170910
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

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[PMID]: 28583914
[Au] Autor:Jiang H; Yang Q; Jiang J; Zhan X; Xiao Z
[Ad] Address:Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
[Ti] Title:Association between (rs1337185) and (rs162509) gene polymorphisms and lumbar spine pathologies in Chinese Han population: an observational study.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;7(5):e015644, 2017 Jun 04.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: A previous study identified a significant association between several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in Indians. To validate the association between these SNPs and specific lumbar spine pathologies, we performed a case-control study in Chinese Han population. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: University Hospital in Nanning, China. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 428 patients with LDD and 400 normal controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients with LDD were classified into four subgroups, including disc herniation only (subgroup 1), discopathies or/and osteochondrosis associated with disc herniation (subgroup 2), spinal stenosis or/and spondylolisthesis (subgroup 3) and degenerative scoliosis (subgroup 4). This study was conducted by examining two aspects: environmental factors and SNP genotyping. The environmental factors were evaluated with a questionnaire survey including questions about body mass index, smoking habits, the physical demands of their job and exposure to vibrations. Rs1337185, rs5275, rs5277, rs7575934, rs3213718 and rs162509 were genotyped using a PCR-based invader assay. RESULTS: The physical workload was significantly higher in patients with lumbar spine pathologies than in the normal controls (p=0.035). The genotype and allele frequencies of rs1337185 and rs162509 were significantly different between the patients with LDD and the normal controls. In rs1337185, a significant association was found between the C allele (risk allele) and the presence of disc herniation (OR=1.80; 95% CI 1.21 to 2.68; p=0.003, p=0.012) and the presence of spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis (OR=1.92; 95% CI 1.29 to 2.89; p=0.001, adjusted p 0.004). In rs162509, the G allele represented 1.58-fold increased risk to suffer from disc herniation (OR=1.58; 95% CI 1.20 to 2.09; p=0.001, adjusted p 0.004). CONCLUSION: The SNPs rs1337185 in and rs162509 in are associated with susceptibility to LDD. The C allele of rs1337185 is risky for patients who are affected by lumbar pathologies such as disc herniation, stenosis and spondylolisthesis. The G allele of rs16250 represents a risk factor for the development of disc herniation.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1706
[Cu] Class update date: 171011
[Lr] Last revision date:171011
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015644

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[PMID]: 28252425
[Au] Autor:Selezneva S; Sinyachenko O; Zabara А
[Ad] Address:M. Gorky Donetsk National Medical University, Ukraine; Medical Centre Ukrgeorgmedical, Batumi, Georgia.
[Ti] Title:[FEATURES OF THE TREATMENT OF THE SPINE IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS].
[So] Source:Georgian Med News;(262):33-38, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1512-0112
[Cp] Country of publication:Georgia (Republic)
[La] Language:rus
[Ab] Abstract:Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to the most common inflammatory joint disease, which can lead to persistent disability and early mortality of patients, and one of the manifestations of RA is a frequent lesion of the spine, which significantly affects the quality of life of these patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spine lesion in patients with different types of current RA and factors that determine it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Under the supervision of the RA patient 131 was aged 18 to 79 years (mean 45 years) among them was 18% male and 82% female. Duration of disease was 10 years, I radiographic arthritis stage is set to 8% of cases, II - 38%, III - 35%, IV - 19%, by rheumatoid factor seropositivity was observed in 77% of patients studied, and by the presence of antibodies against cyclic citrullin peptide - y ¾. Extra-articular (systemic) form of the disease occurred in 43% of cases, systemic osteoporosis - 67%. RESULTS: lesions of the spine in the form of osteochondrosis and spondyloarthrosis observed at ½ of the number of RA patients, and clinically overt occurs in 35% of cases, which is directly related to patient age, involving in the process of wrist, elbow and hip joints, the presence of systemic osteoporosis and tendovaginitis, sensory and motor disorders due to peripheral neuropathy. Frequency ratio of mechanical, disfixtional, disgemic and inflammatory pain in the spine in RA is a 1: 2: 6: 14. Radiographs revealed ossification of the outer layers of the intervertebral discs and the formation sindesmofitov and spondylodiscitis. Involvement of joints is characterized by vagueness of the articular surfaces and narrowing gaps. Vertebral pathology affects heart disease symptoms (changes in electrical conductivity, the size of cameras, the left ventricular diastolic function), autonomic changes and severity of neuropathy and predictors are blood levels of rheumatoid factor and C-reactive protein. Due to the nature of spinal lesions in rheumatoid arthritis has been proposed a scheme of treatment with Actemra, Orcerin, Zoledro-Denk. CONCLUSIONS: Spondylopathies is a frequent manifestation of RA, is interconnected with many clinical and laboratory signs of the disease, and in the future early detection of spondylopathies in the patients with active RA will be useful for timely rehabilitation.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy
Spine/physiopathology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnostic imaging
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/physiopathology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuralgia/diagnostic imaging
Neuralgia/physiopathology
Neuralgia/therapy
Spine/diagnostic imaging
Spine/pathology
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1704
[Cu] Class update date: 170410
[Lr] Last revision date:170410
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170303
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 27149110
[Au] Autor:Colombini A; Brayda-Bruno M; Lombardi G; Croiset SJ; Ceriani C; Buligan C; Barbina M; Banfi G; Cauci S
[Ad] Address:Laboratory of Experimental Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Title:BsmI, ApaI and TaqI Polymorphisms in the Vitamin D Receptor Gene (VDR) and Association with Lumbar Spine Pathologies: An Italian Case-Control Study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0155004, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Three adjacent single nucleotide polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) BsmI (rs1544410), ApaI (rs7975232), and TaqI (rs731236) are commonly studied in several pathologies. We aimed to evaluate the distribution of VDR BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI allele, genotype, and haplotype frequencies in an Italian cohort of 266 patients with lumbar spine disorders assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 252 asymptomatic controls. The exposure to putative risk factors was evaluated by a questionnaire. Polymorphisms were detected by PCR-RFLP and TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assay. The results were statistically adjusted for the identified conventional risk factors. The three SNPs were in linkage disequilibrium. For all cases BbAaTT was a 3-fold risk factor OR = 3.38), whereas bbAATT (OR = 0.22), and bbaaTT (OR = 0.47) genotypes were found to be protective. Specifically, for patients affected by disc herniation only (n = 88) and all lumbar pathologies excluding stenosis and/or spondylolistesis (n = 215) B allele, Bb, Aa, and BbAaTT genotypes were risky, whereas b allele, bb, aa, and bbaaTT genotypes were protective. In patients affected by osteochondrosis with or without disc hernation (n = 50), T allele, Aa, and bbAaTT genotypes were risky, whereas t allele, AA, tt genotypes were protective. In patients affected by stenosis and/or spondylolistesis (n = 51) no significant associations were found. This is the first study showing an association of the three genetic VDR variants BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI and lumbar spine pathologies. Our study contributes to delineate genetic risk factors for specific subgroups of patients with lumbar spine pathologies highlighting the importance of haplotype analysis, and of detailed clinical evaluation of the patients for identification of genetic biomarkers.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific/genetics
Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
Spinal Diseases/genetics
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Alleles
Case-Control Studies
Female
Genetic Markers/genetics
Genotype
Humans
Italy
Linkage Disequilibrium/genetics
Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Genetic Markers); 0 (Receptors, Calcitriol); 0 (VDR protein, human); EC 3.1.21.- (endodeoxyribonuclease BsmI); EC 3.1.21.4 (Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific); EC 3.1.21.4 (GGGCCC-specific type II deoxyribonucleases); EC 3.1.21.4 (TCGA-specific type II deoxyribonucleases)
[Em] Entry month:1707
[Cu] Class update date: 170713
[Lr] Last revision date:170713
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160506
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0155004

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[PMID]: 27070038
[Au] Autor:Gusarov AA; Fetisov VA; Kuprina TA
[Ad] Address:Federal state budgetary institution 'Russian Centre of Forensic Medical Expertise', Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia, 125284.
[Ti] Title:[The application of osteoscintigraphy in forensic medical practice for the detection and differentiation of bone fractures in the living human].
[So] Source:Sud Med Ekspert;59(2):37-39, 2016 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0039-4521
[Cp] Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
[La] Language:rus
[Ab] Abstract:This paper is designed to present an example from the domestic expert practice with the successful application of the radionuclide technique to visualize the bone lesions in a victim of a traffic accident having concomitant pathology of the osseous-articular apparatus (Scheuermann-Mau disease). The use of the osteoscintigraphic method made it possible not only to confirm the injury to the spinal column and the sternum but also to ensure its differential diagnostics from the concurrent pathology. Also, the method allowed to detect the exact location of the fractures. Moreover, it proved possible to comprehensively characterize the mechanism underlying the bone fracture resulting from the car accident.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Accidents, Traffic
Bone and Bones
Fractures, Bone
Scheuermann Disease/diagnosis
Torture
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging
Bone and Bones/injuries
Diagnosis, Differential
Forensic Medicine/methods
Fractures, Bone/diagnosis
Fractures, Bone/etiology
Humans
Radionuclide Imaging
Scheuermann Disease/complications
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Em] Entry month:1608
[Cu] Class update date: 170621
[Lr] Last revision date:170621
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160413
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/sudmed201659237-39

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[PMID]: 27023824
[Au] Autor:Dostal M; Kaech DL
[Ad] Address:Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Tirol, Austria.
[Ti] Title:Radiologic and Clinical Evaluation 12 Months after Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Dynamic Stabilization of the Segment with Dynamic Cervical Implant.
[So] Source:J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg;77(6):474-481, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:2193-6323
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Anterior cervical diskectomy (ACD) is an established therapy for degenerative cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy. Controversy remains regarding the dynamic or rigid stabilization of the segment. We studied our first 31 patients treated with ACD plus the Dynamic Cervical Implant (DCI) as an alternative to fusion or to arthroplasty, treated between February 2009 and 2011. Radiologic data were collected before and 12 months after surgery. Clinical results were documented 12 months after surgery. The radiologic analysis focused on the mobility of the segment, position of the implant, amount of preoperative osteochondrosis, and the development of heterotopic ossifications (HOs) after 1 year. At the 1-year follow-up after DCI implantation, there was quite a high fusion rate (23%); however, the formation of HOs was comparable with that of arthroplasty. Fusion could not be predicted by viewing the degree of disk degeneration on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging studies and had no negative impact on the clinical outcome. As an alternative to arthroplasty, DCI does maintain some flexion-extension mobility after 1 year in 77% of our cases.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Cervical Vertebrae/surgery
Diskectomy/methods
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery
Spinal Fusion/methods
Total Disc Replacement/methods
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Aged
Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/diagnostic imaging
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Radiography
Range of Motion, Articular
Treatment Outcome
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1705
[Cu] Class update date: 170504
[Lr] Last revision date:170504
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160330
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 26911278
[Au] Autor:Grams AE; Rehwald R; Bartsch A; Honold S; Freyschlag CF; Knoflach M; Gizewski ER; Glodny B
[Ad] Address:Department of Neuroradiology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, A-6020, Innsbruck, Austria. astrid.grams@i-med.ac.at.
[Ti] Title:Correlation between degenerative spine disease and bone marrow density: a retrospective investigation.
[So] Source:BMC Med Imaging;16:17, 2016 Feb 24.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2342
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Spondylosis leads to an overestimation of bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) but not with quantitative computed tomography (QCT). The correlation between degenerative changes of the spine and QCT-BMD was therefore investigated for the first time. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four patients (66 female and 68 male) with a mean age of 49.0 ± 14.6 years (range: 19-88 years) who received a CT scan and QCT-BMD measurements of spine and hip were evaluated retrospectively. The occurrence and severity of spondylosis, osteochondrosis, and spondylarthrosis and the height of the vertebral bodies were assessed. RESULTS: A negative correlation was found between spinal BMD and number of spondylophytes (ρ = -0.35; p < 0.01), disc heights (r = -0.33; p < 0.01), number of discal air inclusions (ρ = -0.34; p < 0.01), the number of Schmorl nodules (ρ = -0.25; p < 0.01), the number (ρ = -0.219; p < 0.05) and the degree (ρ = -0.220; p < 0.05) of spondylarthrosis. Spinal and hip BMD correlated moderately, but the latter did not correlate with degenerative changes of the spine. In linear regression models age, osteochondrosis and spondylarthrosis were factors influencing spinal BMD. CONCLUSION: Degenerative spinal changes may be associated with reduced regional spinal mineralization. This knowledge could lead to a modification of treatment of degenerative spine disease with early treatment of osteopenia to prevent secondary fractures.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Hip/diagnostic imaging
Neurodegenerative Diseases/diagnostic imaging
Spine/diagnostic imaging
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bone Density
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neurodegenerative Diseases/pathology
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1610
[Cu] Class update date: 170220
[Lr] Last revision date:170220
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160226
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12880-016-0123-2

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[PMID]: 26869521
[Au] Autor:Márquez Sánchez P
[Ad] Address:Sección de Musculoesquelético, Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Regional Universitario, Málaga. Electronic address: pimarsa@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Espondilodiscitis. Spondylodiscitis.
[So] Source:Radiologia;58 Suppl 1:50-9, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1578-178X
[Cp] Country of publication:Spain
[La] Language:eng; spa
[Ab] Abstract:Spondylodiscitis is an infection of the spine that has been known since ancient times. Its incidence is rising, due to the increases in life expectancy and debilitating conditions. Its age distribution is bimodal, affecting persons younger than 20 years of age or persons aged 50-70 years. According to its origin, it is classified as pyogenic, granulomatous or parasitic, though the first form is the most common, usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Escherichia coli. The clinical presentation is insidious, resulting in a delayed diagnosis, particularly in tuberculous spondylodiscitis. The initial onset usually involves inflammatory back pain, though the disease may course with fever, asthenia and neurological deficit, these being the most severe complications. Diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological, laboratory, microbiological and histopathological data. Magnetic resonance imaging is the technique of choice for the diagnosis of spondylodiscitis. The differential diagnosis involves, among other conditions, intervertebral erosive osteochondrosis, tumour, axial spondyloarthropathy, haemodialysis spondyloarthropathy, Modic type 1 endplate changes and Charcot's axial neuroarthropathy. Treatment is based on eliminating the infection with antibiotics, preventing spinal instability with vertebral fixation, and ample debridement of infected tissue to obtain samples for analysis.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Discitis
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Diagnosis, Differential
Discitis/diagnosis
Discitis/etiology
Humans
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1711
[Cu] Class update date: 171106
[Lr] Last revision date:171106
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160213
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 26863479
[Au] Autor:Noh DK; Koh JH; You JS
[Ad] Address:a Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Seoul Hyu Rehabilitation Hospital , Gyeonggi-do , Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Title:Inter- and intratester reliability values of ultrasound imaging measurements of diaphragm movement in the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
[So] Source:Physiother Theory Pract;32(2):139-43, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1532-5040
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine intertester and intratester reliability of ultrasound measurements of bilateral diaphragm excursions in the thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal curves of 31 females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) (mean age = 14.1 ± 1.8 years). METHOD: Subjects were tested during tidal breathing using real-time ultrasound imaging with a 3.5 MHz curvilinear transducer. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in intratester and intertester reliability values in bilateral diaphragmatic excursions measured at the thoracolumbar spinal curve, whereas significant differences were observed in measurements taken at the thoracic spinal curve (p < 0.05). Overall, the intertester and intratester reliabilities of the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves in AIS ranged from 0.764 to 0.998. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that ultrasound imaging is highly reliable between and within testers and is useful to precisely discriminate pathological diaphragm movement in idiopathic thoracic scoliosis and idiopathic thoracolumbar scoliosis.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Diaphragm/diagnostic imaging
Lumbar Vertebrae
Movement
Muscle Contraction
Scheuermann Disease/diagnostic imaging
Thoracic Vertebrae
Ultrasonography/methods
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Diaphragm/physiopathology
Female
Humans
Male
Observation
Predictive Value of Tests
Reproducibility of Results
Scheuermann Disease/physiopathology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1612
[Cu] Class update date: 161230
[Lr] Last revision date:161230
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3109/09593985.2015.1091871


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