Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Tinea and Capitis [Words]
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[PMID]: 29491232
[Au] Autor:Sakata Y; Ushigami T; Anzawa K; Mochizuki T
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology, Kanazawa Medical University.
[Ti] Title:Molecular epidemiology of Trichophyton tonsurans, the causative dermatophyte of the epidemic of tinea gladiatorum in Japan between 2011 and 2015.
[So] Source:Jpn J Infect Dis;, 2018 Feb 28.
[Is] ISSN:1884-2836
[Cp] Country of publication:Japan
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Trichophyton tonsurans, a major pathogen of tinea capitis and tinea corporis, has been isolated from players of contact sports in Japan. To understand the contemporary epidemic in Japan, the molecular types of 208 strains isolated between 2011 and 2015 were determined. Of these, 142 were isolated from practitioners of judo, 28 from wrestlers, seven from sumo wrestlers, and 31 from individuals with unknown backgrounds. Based on length polymorphisms of the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) region of the ribosomal RNA gene, these 208 strains could be divided into three subtypes, NTS I(204; 98.1%), II (three; 1.4%), and III(one; 0.5%). Additionally, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and deletion/insertion profiles in the NTS region, length polymorphisms of the alkaline protease 1 gene, and a SNP in the carboxypeptidase Y gene were determined in 50 of NTS I strains isolated between 2011 and 2015, and in 10 strains isolated before 2005. All 60 strains were classified as the same molecular type, with a profile identical to that of type I b, a major type in the United States. These results indicated that NTS I strains isolated in Japan are clonal, irrespective of the type of sports activity.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180301
[Lr] Last revision date:180301
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.7883/yoken.JJID.2017.449

  2 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29464746
[Au] Autor:Oshinsky S; Baum S; Huszar M; Debby A; Barzilai A
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology, Sheba Medical Centre.
[Ti] Title:Basal Cell Carcinoma Induced by Therapeutic Radiation for Tinea Capitis - Clinical Pathological Study.
[So] Source:Histopathology;, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2559
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: An increased prevalence of aggressive histological subtypes, such as the micronodular and morpheaform, has been seen, irrespective of the clinical course, in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) following irradiation for tinea capitis. The aim of this study was to assess the histopathological features of BCCs among patients irradiated for tinea capitis and correlate them with the clinical course. METHODS AND RESULTS: The medical records and BCC biopsy specimens of individuals who were previously irradiated for tinea capitis were revised. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were retrieved. Biopsy specimens were evaluated for histological subtype classification and additional histopathological features. A telephone survey was conducted to assess the clinical behaviour of the tumours. Thirty-one patients (17 male, 14 female) were included. The average age at time of first biopsy was 56 years. The total number of lesions was 185, with 80% of subjects showing multiple lesions. Nodular subtype was the most prevalent, followed by superficial, micronodular, and mixed tumours. Third of the BCC could be classified as aggressive histologically. Stromal fibroplasia and melanin deposits were common. There was no mortality related to BCC. None of the 17 patients who completed the survey had evidence of local invasiveness or metastases. CONCLUSIONS: BCCs following radiation therapy for tinea capitis show unique histological characteristics related to aggressive behaviour. These aggressive features did not reflect the clinical behaviour in the current cohort. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180221
[Lr] Last revision date:180221
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/his.13497

  3 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29461943
[Au] Autor:Boaventura P; Durães C; Mendes A; Costa NR; Chora I; Ferreira S; Araújo E; Lopes P; Rosa G; Marques P; Tavares S; Chaves V; Bettencourt P; Oliveira I; Costa F; Ramos I; Teles MJ; Guimarães JT; Sobrinho-Simões M; Soares P
[Ad] Address:a Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology (IPATIMUP), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto 4200-135 Porto, Portugal.
[Ti] Title:Is Low-Dose Radiation Exposure a Risk Factor for Atherosclerotic Disease?
[So] Source:Radiat Res;, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1938-5404
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Nontargeted late effects of radiation include an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, although this is still debatable in the context of low-dose radiation. Tinea capitis patients treated in childhood with X rays to induce scalp epilation received a low dose of radiation to their carotids. To better clarify this issue, we evaluated carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of such patients treated in 1950-1963 in Portugal. A group of 454 individuals randomly chosen from previously observed Portuguese tinea capitis patients and a control group mainly composed of their spouses (n = 280) were enrolled. Cardiovascular risk factors such as waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure and tobacco consumption, as well as biochemical measurements were obtained. Ultrasound imaging of carotid arteries for intima media thickness and stenosis evaluation were performed according to a standardized protocol. In comparison to the control group, the irradiated cohort members were significantly older, more frequently never smokers, hypertensive, and presented higher glycated hemoglobin and alkaline phosphatase levels. In addition, the irradiated cohort showed a higher frequency of carotid stenosis ≥30% than the nonirradiated group (13.9% vs. 10.7%), although this was not significant ( P = 0.20). Stenosis was ≥50% in 2.9% of the irradiated group and 0.4% of the nonirradiated group ( P = 0.02). Likewise, the frequency of intima media thickness ≥1 mm was significantly higher in the irradiated group (16.8% vs. 10.7%; P = 0.02). Multivariate analysis, including other cardiovascular risk factors, showed that exposure to low-dose radiation increased the risk of carotid stenosis by ≥50% [odds ratio (OR) = 8.85; P = 0.04] and intima media thickness by ≥1 mm (OR = 1.82; P = 0.02). These findings confirm that low-dose exposure is a risk factor of carotid atherosclerotic disease.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180220
[Lr] Last revision date:180220
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1667/RR14942.1

  4 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29439839
[Au] Autor:Farokhipor S; Ghiasian SA; Nazeri H; Kord M; Didehdar M
[Ad] Address:Department of Microbiology, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, Arak, Iran.
[Ti] Title:Characterizing the clinical isolates of dermatophytes in Hamadan city, Central west of Iran, using PCR-RLFP method.
[So] Source:J Mycol Med;, 2018 Feb 11.
[Is] ISSN:1773-0449
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is one of the most common mycotic infections, which considered as a public health problem in the major of countries. This study evaluated the molecular epidemiology of dermatophytosis in patients referred to Farshchian hospital in Hamadan city with PCR-RFLP method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and five specimens from clinically suspected patients of dermatophytosis were collected and analyzed by direct microscopic and culture. The isolates were identified by PCR-RFLP method using the MvaI restriction enzyme. RESULTS: Of the 405 specimens, 88 specimens were positive in direct examination and culture. Among the patients, 64.8% were males and35.2% females. Tinea pedis (31.8%) was the most common type of dermatophytosis followed by tinea corporis (22.7%), tinea cruris (20.5%), tinea capitis (10.2%), tinea manuum (5.7%), tinea faciei (4.6%) and tinea unguium (4.6%). Trichophyton interdigitale (36.4%) was the most common isolate followed by Trichophyton rubrum (27.3%), Epidermophyton floccosum (17%), Trichophyton tonsurans (11.4%), Microsporum canis (4.5%), Microsporum gypseum (2.3%) and Trichophyton benhamiae (1.1%). CONCLUSION: Our finding showed that the anthropophilic dermatophyte species causing dermatophytosis are increasing, and molecular methods are reliable assays for accurse identification of dermatophyte species in epidemiological studies.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180214
[Lr] Last revision date:180214
[St] Status:Publisher

  5 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29433854
[Au] Autor:Zoulati G; Maïga RY; El Haouri M; Er-Rami M
[Ad] Address:Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital militaire d'instruction Moulay-Ismaïl, boulevard El Hansali, 50000 Meknès, Maroc. Electronic address: ghizlane250@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Dermatophyties à Trichophyton violaceum au laboratoire de parasitologie mycologie de l'HMMI de Mekhnès (à propos de douze cas). [Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton violaceum at the parasitology-mycology laboratory of the military hospital of Meknes (about twelve cases)].
[So] Source:J Mycol Med;, 2018 Feb 09.
[Is] ISSN:1773-0449
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:fre
[Ab] Abstract:INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton violaceum is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, common in Mediterranean and African countries, which causes particularly trichophytic tinea in school-aged children. The objective of this work is to study the clinical and epidemiological profile of T. violaceum infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective study of a series of twelve cases of T. violaceum dermatophytosis diagnosed among patients referred to our laboratory for suspicion of dermatomycosis during a period from January 2011 to December 2016. The diagnosis was based on the positivity of direct examination and culture, and the identification of our strains on the macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the colonies. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis was 8.6 years with a sex ratio of 2. Tinea capitis (TC) was the most frequent clinical aspect (75 %), followed by onychomycosis (25 %). Among the TC, trichophytic tinea was predominant (66.7 %). Besides, we observed a case of pustulo-inflammatory tinea. Direct examination was positive and showed an endothrix pilar parasitism in all cases. DISCUSSION: The clinical expression of dermatophyties to T. violaceum is polymorphous. The TC is the most frequent as reported in the literature. However, kerion and onychomycoses of feet were rarely described in association with this dermatophyte, hence the importance of the mycological examination allowing to support the diagnosis of a misleading clinical lesion.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180213
[Lr] Last revision date:180213
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29380297
[Au] Autor:Chen M; Xu Y; Hong N; Yang Y; Lei W; Du L; Zhao J; Lei X; Xiong L; Cai L; Xu H; Pan W; Liao W
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200003, China.
[Ti] Title:Epidemiology of fungal infections in China.
[So] Source:Front Med;12(1):58-75, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2095-0225
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:With the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. By contrast, the overall incidence of invasive fungal infections has continued to rise. The occurrence of candidemia caused by Candida species other than C. albicans and including some uncommon Candida species has increased recently in China. Infections caused by Aspergillus have also propagated in recent years, particularly with the emergence of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus. An increasing trend of cryptococcosis has been noted in China, with Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii ST 5 genotype isolates as the predominant pathogen. Retrospective studies have suggested that the epidemiological characteristics of Pneumocystis pneumonia in China may be similar to those in other developing countries. Endemic fungal infections, such as sporotrichosis in Northeastern China, must arouse research, diagnostic, and treatment vigilance. Currently, the epidemiological data on mycosis in China are variable and fragmentary. Thus, a nationwide epidemiological research on fungal infections in China is an important need for improving the country's health.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180212
[Lr] Last revision date:180212
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11684-017-0601-0

  7 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29364534
[Au] Autor:Chiappini E; Zaffaroni M; Bianconi M; Veneruso G; Grasso N; Garazzino S; Arancio R; Valentini P; Ficcadenti A; Da Riol MR; La Placa S; Galli L; de Martino M; Bona G
[Ad] Address:Department of Health Sciences, Meyer University Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
[Ti] Title:Italian multicentre study found infectious and vaccine-preventable diseases in children adopted from Africa and recommends prompt medical screening.
[So] Source:Acta Paediatr;, 2018 Jan 24.
[Is] ISSN:1651-2227
[Cp] Country of publication:Norway
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIM: This study evaluated the prevalence of infectious diseases and immunisation status of children adopted from Africa. METHODS: We studied 762 African children referred to 11 Italian paediatric centres in 2009-2015. Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected and analysed. RESULTS: The median age of the children (60.3% males) was 3 years and 6 months, 52.6% came from Ethiopia and 50.1% had at least one infectious disease. Parasitic infections accounted for the majority of the infectious diseases (409 of 715), and the most common were Giardia lamblia (n = 239), Toxocara canis (n = 65) and skin infections (n = 205), notably Tinea capitis/corporis (n = 134) and Molluscum contagiosum (n = 56) Active tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed in nine children (1.2%). Latent TB infections were diagnosed in 52 (6.8%) children, and only 23 had concordant positive tuberculin skin tests and Quantiferon Gold In-Tube results. Discordant results were associated with Bacille de Calmette-Guérin vaccinations (odd ratio 6.30 and 95% confidence interval of 1.01-39.20, p = 0.011). Nonprotective antitetanus or antihepatitis B antibody titres were documented in 266 (34.9%) and 396 (51.9%) of the 762 children. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of infectious conditions and not-protective titres for vaccine-preventable diseases observed in our population underlines the need for prompt and complete medical screening of children adopted from Africa.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180209
[Lr] Last revision date:180209
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/apa.14237

  8 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29247617
[Au] Autor:Peretz A; Nitzan O; Freidus V; Kassem R
[Ad] Address:Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Baruch Padeh Medical Center, Poriya, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Bar Ilan University, Galilee, Israel. Electronic address: aperetz@poria.health.gov.il.
[Ti] Title:Tinea capitis-like infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in a shelter for African Refugee Children in Northern Israel.
[So] Source:Acta Trop;179:44-46, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6254
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Rhodotorula is a genus of unicellular pigmented yeasts, part of the division Basidiomycota. In this article, we report three cases of refugee children in a day care shelter in northern Israel who were clinically diagnosed and treated empirically as with ringworm infection but with clean and exclusive growth of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in repeated cultures of several skin samples. Skin infections caused by this yeast are rare and there are few reports in the literature, mainly in patients who are immunocompromised. Here we report an infectious process of the scalp in immunocompetent children, caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa mimicking tinea capitis.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180206
[Lr] Last revision date:180206
[St] Status:In-Process

  9 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29314351
[Au] Autor:Farag AGA; Hammam MA; Ibrahem RA; Mahfouz RZ; Elnaidany NF; Qutubuddin M; Tolba RRE
[Ad] Address:Dermatology, Adrology and STDs Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt.
[Ti] Title:Epidemiology of dermatophyte infections among school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt.
[So] Source:Mycoses;, 2018 Jan 04.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0507
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Most superficial mycotic infections of human skin are due to dermatophytes. Children are frequently affected due to different predisposing factors, particularly overcrowding in classrooms. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dermatophytes infections and their related risk factors among school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. Six public primary and preparatory schools were randomly selected and their pupils (n = 3464) were asked to complete a predesigned questionnaire covering both personal data and suspected risk factors for superficial dermatophyte infections. The children were also examined for dermatological diseases. Any suspected lesions were biopsied for mycological examination. The prevalence of clinically suspected dermatophytes infections was 1.41%, whereas the prevalence of culture confirmed cases was 0.98%. The most common clinical type was tinea capitis with a prevalence of 1.01%. Microsporum canis was the only isolated organism from the suspicious lesions with a 69.4% positivity rate. A higher prevalence was observed among boys, low socio-economic pupils and those with a family history of dermatophyte infections. Pet contact and sharing towels and caps among pupils were significant risk factors. Dermatophyte infection is still prevalent among basic school pupils. Fortunately, it is related to preventable risk factors. We recommend regular screening and use of educational health programmes for kids to control it.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180124
[Lr] Last revision date:180124
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/myc.12743

  10 / 1879 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29265536
[Au] Autor:Shastry J; Ciliberto H; Davis DM
[Ad] Address:Presence Resurrection Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
[Ti] Title:Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in three children.
[So] Source:Pediatr Dermatol;35(1):e79-e83, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1525-1470
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis is a rare presentation, and there is a paucity of information regarding this presentation in the literature. Three children 10-14 years of age who presented with an unusual clinical manifestation of tinea capitis that clinically resembled dissecting cellulitis are reported. The patients were treated with systemic antifungals for 3-4 months. Treatment success was measured according to repeat fungal cultures and clinical assessment of hair regrowth at follow-up visits. All three patients had resolution of infection, with negative repeat fungal cultures and complete hair regrowth without scarring. These cases highlight a rare inflammatory subtype of tinea capitis that can be easily misdiagnosed and therefore improperly treated, prolonging the duration of infection.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180122
[Lr] Last revision date:180122
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/pde.13343


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