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[PMID]: 29441576
[Au] Autor:Kumar H; Agrawal R; Kumar V
[Ad] Address:Department of Pharmacy, School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer, India.
[Ti] Title:Barleria cristata: perspective towards phytopharmacological aspects.
[So] Source:J Pharm Pharmacol;70(4):475-487, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7158
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Barleria cristata (Family: Acanthaceae), commonly known as Philippine violet, is used in different ethnomedical systems for the treatment of a wide range of ailments. This review aimed to provide a scientific overview of B. cristata with reference to its ethnobotanical aspects, geographical distribution, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activity, and critical analyses research gaps and future research opportunities for investigations on this plant. KEY FINDINGS: Ethnomedical uses of the plant have been observed in lungs disorders, inflammatory conditions, toothache, anaemia, snake bite, diabetes and tuberculosis. The exhaustive bibliographic research carried out on this plant revealed that the plant parts are rich in various phytochemical constituents including triterpenes, phenolic compounds, glycosides and flavonoids type phenolic compounds. Furthermore, the plant was also investigated in terms of its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifungal, hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity. CONCLUSIONS: This review confirms that B. cristata is a potential herb for the treatment of a wide range of diseases especially lung disorders and inflammatory conditions. Modern pharmacological studies have also validated many ethnobotanical uses of B. cristata, though data regarding many aspects of this plant such as mechanism of action, adverse effects of extracts and active compounds are still limited which call for additional studies.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/jphp.12881

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[PMID]: 28449766
[Au] Autor:Brignardello-Petersen R
[Ti] Title:Active caries, consequences of untreated caries, and tooth pain relate to only a small decrease in older adults' quality of life.
[So] Source:J Am Dent Assoc;148(5):e62, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1943-4723
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Dental Caries
Quality of Life
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Humans
Toothache
[Pt] Publication type:REVIEW; COMMENT
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180305
[Lr] Last revision date:180305
[Js] Journal subset:D; IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 29447950
[Au] Autor:Maleki T; Akhani H
[Ad] Address:Halophytes and C(4) Plants Research Laboratory, Department of Plant Science, School of Biology, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Title:Ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal studies in Baluchi tribes: A case study in Mt. Taftan, southeastern Iran.
[So] Source:J Ethnopharmacol;217:163-177, 2018 Feb 12.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7573
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:ETHNOBOTANICAL RELEVANCE: From ancient times, the applied use of herbs has been common among indigenous people throughout the world. The present survey is a regional ethnobotanical study of Baluchi tribes living in the Mt. Taftan area, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran. The aim of this study was to document all traditional knowledge and analyze the medicinal plants used in area and also to identify significant plant species for future pharmacological study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Local knowledge was obtained through semi structured and open interviews, in which 51 informants were interviewed. Data were analyzed with Informant Agreement Relative (IAR) and Frequency of Citation (FC) indices. RESULTS: A total number of 106 taxa of medicinal plants were collected from ten villages from the surrounding plains and highlands of Mt. Taftan, out of 446 plant taxa collected or reported as native in the area. Most plants belong to the Irano-Turanian phytogeographical region in which Asteraceae (15%), Lamiaceae (11%), Fabaceae (8%), Rosaceae (7%), Apiaceae (7%) and Brassicaceae (5%) are those predominantly used. The regression analysis shows that families Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, Solanaceae and Rosaceae are more highly used as medicinal than species rich families such as Asteraceae and Fabaceae, which are the richest families in the Iranian flora. The highest FC was recorded for Artemisia spp. (41) and Berberis integerrima (40). The highest IAR Index was obtained for stings (0.86), followed by disorders in the circulatory system (0.7), dental problems (0.70) and injuries (0.69). Comparing our data with major ethnobotanical references in Iran revealed that medicinal applications of 34 taxa have not been cited, including Hyoscyamus malekianus, a local endemic plant using for ailments of toothache and worms. The toxicity of the endemic Semenovia suffruticosa is also reported. CONCLUSION: As a result of this study we conclude that Taftan area harbours many plant species for which indigenous knowledge provides a background of medicinal importance. The high percentage of medicinal plants proportional to the native flora is 23.8%, compared to the world percentage of 17.1%, is an indication of the rich knowledge and relationship of isolated Baluchi tribes living in Mt. Taftan to the local flora growing in their surroundings. This rich knowledge should be highly regarded as a cultural and ethnobotanical heritage. Furthermore, ethnobotanical results show some weak interrelation between Baluchi tribes living in Iran and Pakistan, probably because of a different flora and/or unfavourable environmental conditions and perhaps local conflicts which might have reduced active cultural exchange.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180303
[Lr] Last revision date:180303
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29490969
[Au] Autor:Muirhead VE; Quayyum Z; Markey D; Weston-Price S; Kimber A; Rouse W; Pine CM
[Ad] Address:Centre for Dental Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.
[Ti] Title:Children's toothache is becoming everybody's business: where do parents go when their children have oral pain in London, England? A cross-sectional analysis.
[So] Source:BMJ Open;8(2):e020771, 2018 02 28.
[Is] ISSN:2044-6055
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To assess the number of parents who visited community pharmacies in London seeking pain medications for their children's pain and specifically for oral pain, to identify which health services parents contacted before their pharmacy visit and to estimate the cost to the National Health Service (NHS) when children with oral pain who visit pharmacies also see health professionals outside dentistry. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: 1862 pharmacies in London in November 2016-January 2017. PARTICIPANTS: Parents, carers and adolescents purchasing over-the-counter pain medications or collecting pain prescriptions for children (0-19 years). BRIEF INTERVENTION: A survey administered by pharmacy staff to participants and a guidance pack. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of parents who visited pharmacies seeking pain medications for their children's pain and oral pain and the number of parents who contacted health professionals outside dentistry before their pharmacy visit. Estimated costs of visits by children with oral pain to health professionals outside dentistry. RESULTS: One in two (951) pharmacies participated collecting information from 6915 parents seeking pain medications for their children. The majority (65%) of parents sought pain medications to relieve their children's oral pain. Only 30% of children with oral pain had seen a dentist before the pharmacy visit, while 28% of children had seen between one and four different health professionals. The cost to the NHS of children contacting health professionals outside dentistry was £36 573, extrapolated to an annual cost of £373 288. Replicating these findings across all pharmacies in England could mean that the NHS spends an estimated £2.3 million annually when children with oral pain inappropriately use multiple health services. CONCLUSION: Most parents who visited pharmacies for children's pain medications in London sought pain medications for children's oral pain. Children's inappropriate contact with multiple health services when they have oral pain adds significant costs to the NHS.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180303
[Lr] Last revision date:180303
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020771

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[PMID]: 29369545
[Au] Autor:Mafla AC; Villalobos-Galvis FH; Heft MW
[Ad] Address:Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, School of Dentistry, Pasto, Colombia.
[Ti] Title:Illness perceptions amongst individuals with dental caries.
[So] Source:Community Dent Health;35(1):16-22, 2018 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:0265-539X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R). RESULTS: The most frequent self-reported symptoms associated with dental caries were "toothache" (56.2%), "tooth sensitivity" (53.8%) and "mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking" (51.2%). The dimensions of illness perception were related to socio-economic status (SES). Symptoms of "loose or separating teeth" and "pus in your tooth" were associated with dental caries by low SES participants, while "bleeding while brushing, flossing or eating hard food" and "mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking something sweet, hot or cold" were related more to higher SES. CONCLUSIONS: Perceptions of caries were related to socioeconomic status. Interventions to promote health literacy in order to improve the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic oral health information could increase an early detection of caries.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180302
[Lr] Last revision date:180302
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1922/CDH_4098Mafla07

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[PMID]: 29465857
[Au] Autor:Lawal FB; Ibiyemi O; Taiwo JO; Oke GA
[Ti] Title:Dental care seeking behaviour of children in a rural Nigerian community.
[So] Source:Afr J Med Med Sci;45(2):143-149, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0309-3913
[Cp] Country of publication:Nigeria
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: There is sparse information about oral health seeking behaviour of children in rural areas of developing countries. The aim of the Study was to determine the dental care seeking-behaviour of children attending the first rural based community oral health centre in Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients aged 16 years or younger treated at the Primary Oral Health Care Centre in Ibarapa, Nigeria over six years was conducted. Data on sociodemographic characteristics of the patients, pattern of presentation and their oral hygiene practices were collected and processed using SPSS. RESULTS: A total of 239 paediatric patients were seen during the period with a mean age of 9.7 ± 4.4 years and 132 (55.2%) were males. The majority, 225 (94.1%), were presenting for the first time. All the children sought dental care for one problem or the other and the most common reasons for seeking care were: tooth ache in 105 (43.9%), trauma in 30 (12.6%) and perceived unclean mouth in 20 (8.4%) patients. Older children were more likely to seek dental care because of pain (p < 0.00 1), while younger children sought care principally on account of trauma (p < 0.001) and the under 5 years were seen more often for gum ache (p =0.006). The majority, 175 (73.2%), used toothbrush and 182 (76.2%) cleaned their teeth once daily. CONCLUSION: None of the children presented for routine check-up, rather, consultation was as a result of dental problems with toothache being the most common reason.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:In-Process

  7 / 3051 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29328745
[Au] Autor:De Silva S
[Ad] Address:Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.
[Ti] Title:Airway safety in a patient with submandibular swelling.
[So] Source:J Perioper Pract;27(3):59-60, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1750-4589
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A fifty-eight year old gentleman (CH) with a five-day history of toothache presented to the emergency department (ED) with increasing pain with associated submandibular swelling over the last 24-hours. He was an unkempt gentleman who had not consulted his general practitioner or dentist in many years, was unaware of any significant past medical history and was not on any regular medication. He was an obese gentleman with a BMI of 56.
[Pt] Publication type:INTERVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180221
[Lr] Last revision date:180221
[St] Status:In-Process

  8 / 3051 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29459905
[Au] Autor:Luna A; Gomes M; Granville-Garcia A; Menezes V
[Ti] Title:Perception of Treatment Needs and Use of Dental Services for Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease.
[So] Source:Oral Health Prev Dent;16(1):51-57, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1602-1622
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: To evaluate the perception of treatment needs and the use of dental services for children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 250 children/adolescents with sickle cell disease at a reference center in the city of Recife, Brazil. Data on the use of dental services were collected using a 13-item questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. The examiner in charge of determining l caries and periodontal status had previously undergone a training and calibration exercise. Descriptive statistics and Poisson regression analysis were also performed (α = 5%). RESULTS: A total of 47.2% of the children/adolescents with sickle cell disease were diagnosed with caries and 14.0% were diagnosed with some periodontal problems. The following variables were statistically significantly associated with the perceptions of parents/guardians regarding the treatment needs of their children: caries (PR = 1.24; 95%CI: 1.09-1.42), periodontal problems (PR = 1.10; 95%CI 1.01-1.20) and history of toothache in the previous six months (PR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.06-1.29). Only a lower level of mothers' schooling (PR = 1.64; 95%CI 1.06-2.53) was statistically significantly associated with the mean number of caries among the children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. Mean dmft/DMFT indices were higher among children/adolescents who sought dental care. CONCLUSION: Based on our results, a predomination of curative treatment was found, as seeking out dental treatment was more frequent among children/adolescents with a greater number of caries.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180220
[Lr] Last revision date:180220
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.3290/j.ohpd.a39817

  9 / 3051 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29342147
[Au] Autor:Gracy D; Fabian A; Basch CH; Scigliano M; MacLean SA; MacKenzie RK; Redlener IE
[Ad] Address:Children's Health Fund, New York, NY, United States of America.
[Ti] Title:Missed opportunities: Do states require screening of children for health conditions that interfere with learning?
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190254, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:METHODS: Investigators reviewed websites of state departments of health and education, and legislation for all 50 states and DC. For states with mandated screenings and a required form, investigators applied structured analysis to assess HBL inclusion. RESULTS: No state mandated that schools require screening for all 7 HBLs. Less than half (49%) required comprehensive school health examinations and only 12 states plus DC required a specific form. Of these, 12 of the forms required documentation of vision screening, 11 of hearing screening, and 12 of dental screening. Ten forms asked about asthma and 9 required documentation of lead testing. Seven asked about general well-being, emotional problems, or mental health. None addressed hunger. When including states without comprehensive school health examination requirements, the most commonly required HBL screenings were for vision (80% of states; includes DC), hearing (75% of states; includes DC) and dental (24% of state; includes DC). CONCLUSION: The lack of state mandated requirements for regular student health screening represents a missed opportunity to identify children with HBLs. Without state mandates, accompanying comprehensive forms, and protocols, children continue to be at risk of untreated health conditions that can undermine their success in school.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Learning Disorders/diagnosis
Mass Screening/legislation & jurisprudence
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Asthma/complications
Asthma/diagnosis
Child
Female
Hearing Disorders/complications
Hearing Disorders/diagnosis
Humans
Learning Disorders/etiology
Male
Mental Disorders/complications
Mental Disorders/diagnosis
Toothache/complications
Toothache/diagnosis
Vision Disorders/complications
Vision Disorders/diagnosis
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180215
[Lr] Last revision date:180215
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190254

  10 / 3051 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29288546
[Au] Autor:BaniHani A; Deery C; Toumba J; Munyombwe T; Duggal M
[Ad] Address:School of Dentistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
[Ti] Title:The impact of dental caries and its treatment by conventional or biological approaches on the oral health-related quality of life of children and carers.
[So] Source:Int J Paediatr Dent;28(2):266-276, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1365-263X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: The effect of untreated dental caries and the approaches taken to its treatment have not been extensively elucidated in children. AIM: To investigate the impact of untreated dental caries on children aged 4-9 years and whether its treatment with either a conventional or a biological approach influenced the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the children and their carers. DESIGN: Children (n = 110) and their carers attending two specialist centres for treatment of carious primary teeth completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and the Self-reported Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old Children at baseline prior to dental treatment and at 3-6 months following completion of dental care. Dental treatment was provided using either a conventional or a biological approach. RESULTS: Dental caries showed a negative impact on the child and family's OHRQoL (P = 0.001). Children reported difficulty eating (55.5%), sleeping (40%), and avoiding smiling because of how the teeth looked (27.3%). More than half of the parents reported their child had toothache. Parents perceived difficulty eating (40.9%), being irritable (38.2%), and difficulty drinking (30.9%) as being impacts of caries on their child's OHRQoL. In addition, approximately half the parents reported feeling a sense of guilt because of their child's dental disease. Following dental treatment, participants reported significant improvement in their overall health status (P = 0.001). Children's age, gender, or the treatment approach were not statistically significantly associated with changes in OHRQoL of the child or carer. Children and parents who initially reported greater impacts of untreated dental caries demonstrated greater improvements in their overall oral health status (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Dental caries was associated with negative impacts on children and parents' quality of life. Treatment of caries improved the quality of life of children and families significantly, irrespective of whether the treatment was provided by a conventional or a biological approach.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180213
[Lr] Last revision date:180213
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/ipd.12350


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