Database : MEDLINE
Search on : Vasculitis [Words]
References found : 35272 [refine]
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[PMID]: 26418752
[Au] Autor:Yamada M; Yamada K; Fujinami H
[Ad] Address:Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan....
[Ti] Title:Colonoscopic reduction of colo-colic intussusception in an adult with immunoglobulin A vasculitis (Henoch-Schönlein purpura).
[So] Source:Dig Endosc;28(1):101, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1443-1661
[Cp] Country of publication:Australia
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/den.12554

  2 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25463334
[Au] Autor:Delay C; Schwein A; Lejay A; Gaertner S; Aleil B; Thaveau F; Georg Y; Chakfe N
[Ad] Address:Department of Vascular Surgery and Kidney Transplantation, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France....
[Ti] Title:Aortitis and aortic occlusion in Crohn disease.
[So] Source:Ann Vasc Surg;29(2):365.e5-9, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1615-5947
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Patients with Crohn disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis are known to be at increased risk of arterial thromboembolic complications. We report the case of a 33-year-old woman suffering from CD for 19 years who presented lower limb claudication. Computed tomography scan revealed an aortoiliac occlusion extending from the level of the inferior mesenteric artery to both iliac bifurcations. Endovascular recanalization was attempted as a first option but failed. We then performed an aortobi-femoral bypass through a left retroperitoneal approach that allowed a total relief of the symptoms. Histologic study of the aorta demonstrated a nonspecific aortitis with lymphohistiocytic cell infiltration in the media and adventitia tunica. There was no signs of associated vasculitis. At the light of a literature review, we discussed our surgical strategy and the inflammation of the aortic wall as local factor of thrombosis that has never been previously described.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Aortic Diseases/diagnosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases/diagnosis
Crohn Disease/complications
Thrombosis/diagnosis
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Aortic Diseases/etiology
Aortic Diseases/therapy
Aortitis/diagnosis
Aortitis/etiology
Aortitis/therapy
Arterial Occlusive Diseases/etiology
Arterial Occlusive Diseases/therapy
Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation
Female
Humans
Lower Extremity/blood supply
Thrombosis/etiology
Thrombosis/therapy
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150202
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  3 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26837371
[Au] Autor:Bhattacharyya S; Berkowitz AL
[Ad] Address:Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
[Ti] Title:Primary angiitis of the central nervous system: avoiding misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of a rare disease.
[So] Source:Pract Neurol;16(3):195-200, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1474-7766
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is an extremely rare condition, defined as a vasculitis limited to the CNS with no identifiable cause. Its presentation is non-specific and includes headache, cognitive dysfunction and focal neurological signs. Laboratory studies, neuroimaging and angiography are neither sufficiently sensitive nor specific for diagnosis; a definitive diagnosis requires brain biopsy. As a result, PACNS is commonly misdiagnosed. Here, we review its clinical, laboratory and radiological features, and focus on avoiding common diagnostic pitfalls.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1136/practneurol-2015-001332

  4 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26733724
[Au] Autor:Saadi A; McCray B; Ensrud E; Prasad S
[Ad] Address:Partners Neurology Residency, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA....
[Ti] Title:Tongue infarction due to giant cell arteritis.
[So] Source:Pract Neurol;16(3):231, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1474-7766
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1136/practneurol-2015-001304

  5 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26693942
[Au] Autor:Benson CE; Knezevic A; Lynch SC
[Ad] Address:Department of Ophthalmology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska.
[Ti] Title:Primary Central Nervous System Vasculitis With Optic Nerve Involvement.
[So] Source:J Neuroophthalmol;36(2):174-7, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5166
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A 20-year-old woman presented with headache, decreased vision, eye pain, and urinary retention. During her clinical course, visual acuity declined to 20/800, right eye, and 20/50, left eye, associated with bilateral optic disc edema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed enhancement of the leptomeninges, right optic nerve, and right side of the optic chiasm. Extensive evaluation of the central nervous system (CNS) for an infectious cause was negative. Brain biopsy showed a pattern consistent with vasculitis. The patient was treated with prednisone and cyclophosphamide, resulting in improvement of her vision and systemic symptoms. Primary CNS vasculitis is a rare condition that may affect the anterior visual pathways.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1097/WNO.0000000000000328

  6 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27169017
[Au] Autor:Modi S; Mohan M; Jennings A
[Ad] Address:Rockhampton Base Hospital, Rockhampton, Australia.
[Ti] Title:Acute Scrotal Swelling in Henoch-Schonlein Purpura: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
[So] Source:Urol Case Rep;6:9-11, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:2214-4420
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis characterized classically by purpura, arthritis and abdominal pain. Epididymitis/orchitis is rarely seen as a complication of HSP. Testicular or scrotal involvement has been reported in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura and must be distinguished from testicular torsion. We report a case of a 5 year old boy diagnosed with Henoch-Schönlein purpura with acute scrotal swelling. He was managed successfully with conservative approach. The history, clinical examination findings and scrotal ultrasound evaluation should suffice to make the correct diagnosis and avoid surgery. Steroid treatment and/or antibiotics appeared to be effective for this condition.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Cu] Class update date: 160513
[Lr] Last revision date:160513
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160512
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1016/j.eucr.2016.01.004

  7 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27168940
[Au] Autor:Heizer J; Petersen TC; Flemmer MC
[Ad] Address:Department of Internal Medicine , Eastern Virginia Medical School , Norfolk, VA , USA.
[Ti] Title:Multiple coronary aneurysms in a young adult with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
[So] Source:Oxf Med Case Reports;2016(5):109-12, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:2053-8855
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:HIV infection can cause multiple deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system. Emerging evidence has supported a direct association between HIV infection and accelerated atherosclerosis. The mechanism for atherosclerosis in HIV-positive patients is multifactorial, an interplay between conventional risk factors, HIV itself and highly active antiretroviral therapy. The case described is a 29-year-old man with HIV, non-adherent to antiretroviral therapy and with few cardiovascular risk factors, who presented with chest pain and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization revealed multiple coronary artery aneurysms in the left main coronary artery and the right coronary artery. Aneurysmal formation may develop from vasculitis, HIV itself, accelerated atherosclerosis, congenital formation or medications (e.g. protease inhibitors). The researchers provide a review of coronary artery disease, aneurysmal formation and vasculitic processes in the context of HIV. As this clinical entity becomes more apparent, alternative therapeutic options may need to be explored.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Cu] Class update date: 160513
[Lr] Last revision date:160513
[Da] Date of entry for processing:160512
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/omcr/omw036

  8 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26496144
[Au] Autor:Islam D; Lombardini E; Ruamsap N; Imerbsin R; Khantapura P; Teo I; Neesanant P; Gonwong S; Yongvanitchit K; Swierczewski BE; Mason CJ; Shaunak S
[Ad] Address:Department of Enteric Diseases, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences (AFRIMS), Bangkok, Thailand....
[Ti] Title:Controlling the cytokine storm in severe bacterial diarrhoea with an oral Toll-like receptor 4 antagonist.
[So] Source:Immunology;147(2):178-89, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2567
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Shigella dysenteriae causes the most severe of all infectious diarrhoeas and colitis. We infected rhesus macaques orally and also treated them orally with a small and non-absorbable polypropyletherimine dendrimer glucosamine that is a Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) antagonist. Antibiotics were not given for this life-threatening infection. Six days later, the clinical score for diarrhoea, mucus and blood was 54% lower, colon interleukin-8 and interleukin-6 were both 77% lower, and colon neutrophil infiltration was 75% less. Strikingly, vasculitis did not occur and tissue fibrin thrombi were reduced by 67%. There was no clinical toxicity or adverse effect of dendrimer glucosamine on systemic immunity. This is the first report in non-human primates of the therapeutic efficacy of a small and orally bioavailable TLR antagonist in severe infection. Our results show that an oral TLR4 antagonist can enable controlled resolution of the infection-related-inflammatory response and can also prevent neutrophil-mediated gut wall necrosis in severe infectious diarrhoeas.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Cu] Class update date: 160126
[Lr] Last revision date:160126
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1111/imm.12549

  9 / 35272 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26099344
[Au] Autor:Burns JC; Franco A
[Ad] Address:Department of Pediatrics, UCSD School of Medicine, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093-0641, USA.
[Ti] Title:The immunomodulatory effects of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in Kawasaki disease.
[So] Source:Expert Rev Clin Immunol;11(7):819-25, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1744-8409
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The introduction of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) for modulation of inflammation in acute Kawasaki disease was a great therapeutic triumph. However, three decades later, the mechanisms underlying immune regulation by IVIG are only beginning to be revealed. Stimulation of an immature myeloid population of dendritic cells that secretes IL-10 and the elucidation of Fc-specific natural regulatory T cells provide insights into the mechanisms of IVIG. Other potential mechanisms include provision of agent-specific neutralizing antibody, anti-idiotype and anti-cytokine antibodies, blockade of activating Fcγ receptors and stimulation of the inhibitory FcγRIIb receptor. New initiatives must seek to understand the mechanisms of IVIG in order to replace it one day with more affordable and more targeted therapies.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
Receptors, IgG/antagonists & inhibitors
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Dendritic Cells/immunology
Humans
Interleukin-10/antagonists & inhibitors
Interleukin-10/immunology
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/immunology
Receptors, IgG/immunology
T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; REVIEW
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Antibodies, Neutralizing); 0 (IL10 protein, human); 0 (Immunoglobulins, Intravenous); 0 (Receptors, IgG); 130068-27-8 (Interleukin-10)
[Em] Entry month:1603
[Cu] Class update date: 160513
[Lr] Last revision date:160513
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:150623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1586/1744666X.2015.1044980

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[PMID]: 26988083
[Au] Autor:Oeinck M; Rozeik C; Wattchow J; Meckel S; Schlageter M; Beeskow C; Reinhard M
[Ad] Address:Department of Neurology, Neurocenter, University of Freiburg, Germany....
[Ti] Title:Why a standard contrast-enhanced MRI might be useful in intracranial internal carotid artery stenosis.
[So] Source:Neuroradiol J;29(3):208-12, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2385-1996
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:In patients with ischemic stroke of unknown cause cerebral vasculitis is a rare but relevant differential diagnosis, especially when signs of intracranial artery stenosis are found and laboratory findings show systemic inflammation. In such cases, high-resolution T1w vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; 'black blood' technique) at 3 T is preferentially performed, but may not be available in every hospital. We report a case of an 84-year-old man with right hemispheric transient ischemic attack and signs of distal occlusion in the right internal carotid artery (ICA) in duplex sonography. Standard MRI with contrast agent pointed the way to the correct diagnosis since it showed an intramural contrast uptake in the right ICA and both vertebral arteries. Temporal artery biopsy confirmed the suspected diagnosis of a giant cell arteritis and dedicated vessel wall MRI performed later supported the suspected intracranial large artery inflammation. Our case also shows that early diagnosis and immunosuppressive therapy may not always prevent disease progression, as our patient suffered several infarcts in the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory with consecutive high-grade hemiparesis of the right side within the following four months.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1605
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1177/1971400916638354


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