Database : MEDLINE
Search on : cacao [Words]
References found : 4447 [refine]
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[PMID]: 29269538
[Au] Autor:Jarvis S
[Ti] Title:No chocolate for Fido.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(25):665, 2017 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Chocolate/toxicity
Dog Diseases/chemically induced
Dog Diseases/therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Dogs
Health Care Surveys
Holidays
Humans
United Kingdom
Veterinary Medicine/statistics & numerical data
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j5890

  2 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29263290
[Au] Autor:Noble PM; Newman J; Wyatt AM; Radford AD; Jones PH
[Ad] Address:Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Institute of Veterinary Science, Neston, UK.
[Ti] Title:Heightened risk of canine chocolate exposure at Christmas and Easter.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(25):684, 2017 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Chocolate/toxicity
Dog Diseases/chemically induced
Dog Diseases/therapy
Holidays
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Dogs
Humans
Risk
United Kingdom
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.104762

  3 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29509897
[Au] Autor:Bagny Beilhe L; Piou C; Tadu Z; Babin R
[Ad] Address:CIRAD, UPR Bioagresseurs, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
[Ti] Title:Identifying Ant-Mirid Spatial Interactions to Improve Biological Control in Cacao-Based Agroforestry System.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The use of ants for biological control of insect pests was the first reported case of conservation biological control. Direct and indirect community interactions between ants and pests lead to differential spatial pattern. We investigated spatial interactions between mirids, the major cocoa pest in West Africa and numerically dominant ant species, using bivariate point pattern analysis to identify potential biological control agents. We assume that potential biological control agents should display negative spatial interactions with mirids considering their niche overlap. The mirid/ant data were collected in complex cacao-based agroforestry systems sampled in three agroecological areas over a forest-savannah gradient in Cameroon. Three species, Crematogaster striatula Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Crematogaster clariventris Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and Oecophylla longinoda Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with high predator and aggressive behaviors were identified as dominant and showed negative spatial relationships with mirids. The weaver ant, O. longinoda was identified as the only potential biological control agent, considering its ubiquity in the plots, the similarity in niche requirements, and the spatial segregation with mirids resulting probably from exclusion mechanisms. Combining bivariate point pattern analysis to good knowledge of insect ecology was an effective method to identify a potentially good biological control agent.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180306
[Lr] Last revision date:180306
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvy018

  4 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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Almeida, Alex-Alan Furtado de
Ahnert, Dario
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[PMID]: 29408854
[Au] Autor:Santos EAD; Almeida AF; Branco MCDS; Santos ICD; Ahnert D; Baligar VC; Valle RR
[Ad] Address:Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Campus Soane Nazaré de Andrade, Rod, Jorge Amado, Ilhéus, BA, Brasil.
[Ti] Title:Path analysis of phenotypic traits in young cacao plants under drought conditions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191847, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Drought is worldwide considered one of the most limiting factors of Theobroma cacao production, which can be intensified by global climate changes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the phenotypic correlation among morphological characteristics of cacao progenies submitted to irrigation and drought conditions and their partitions into direct and indirect effects. Path analysis with phenotypic plasticity index was used as criteria for estimation of basic and explanatory variables. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Cacao Research Center (CEPEC), Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil, in a randomized block 21 x 2 factorial arrangement [21 cacao progenies obtained from complete diallel crosses and two water regimes (control and drought)] and six replications. In general, drought conditions influenced biomass production in most progenies, causing significant reductions in total leaf area, leaf number, leaf biomass, fine-roots length (diameter <1 mm), root volume and root area for considered drought intolerant. All progenies showed alterations in growth due to drought. Phenotypic plasticity was most strongly pronounced in root volume. Stem and root diameters, as well as stem dry biomass were the growth variables with the greatest direct effects on root volume under drought conditions, these characters being indicated in screening of cacao progenies drought tolerant.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180305
[Lr] Last revision date:180305
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191847

  5 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29471803
[Au] Autor:Liu B; Guan X; Liang W; Chen J; Fang L; Hu Y; Guo W; Rong J; Xu G; Zhang T
[Ad] Address:National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Cotton Hybrid R & D Engineering Center (the Ministry of Education), Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.
[Ti] Title:Divergence and evolution of cotton bHLH proteins from diploid to allotetraploid.
[So] Source:BMC Genomics;19(1):162, 2018 02 23.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2164
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Polyploidy is considered a major driving force in genome expansion, yielding duplicated genes whose expression may be conserved or divergence as a consequence of polyploidization. RESULTS: We compared the genome sequences of tetraploid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and its two diploid progenitors, G. arboreum and G. raimondii, and found that the bHLH genes were conserved over the polyploidization. Oppositely, the expression of the homeolgous gene pairs was diversified. The biased homeologous proportion for bHLH family is significantly higher (64.6%) than the genome wide homeologous expression bias (40%). Compared with cacao (T. cacao), orthologous genes only accounted for a small proportion (41.7%) of whole cotton bHLHs family. The further Ks analysis indicated that bHLH genes underwent at least two distinct episodes of whole genome duplication: a recent duplication (1.0-60.0 million years ago, MYA, 0.005 < Ks < 0.312) and an old duplication (> 60.0 MYA, 0.312 < Ks < 3.0). The old duplication event might have played a key role in the expansion of the bHLH family. Both recent and old duplicated pairs (68.8%) showed a divergent expression profile, indicating specialized functions. The expression diversification of the duplicated genes suggested it might be a universal feature of the long-term evolution of cotton. CONCLUSIONS: Overview of cotton bHLH proteins indicated a conserved and divergent evolution from diploids to allotetraploid. Our results provided an excellent example for studying the long-term evolution of polyploidy.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180304
[Lr] Last revision date:180304
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12864-018-4543-y

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[PMID]: 29401499
[Au] Autor:Suárez Salazar JC; Ngo Bieng MA; Melgarejo LM; Di Rienzo JA; Casanoves F
[Ad] Address:Universidad de la Amazonia, Facultad de Ingeniería, Campus Porvenir Calle 17 Diagonal 17 con Carrera 3F - Barrio Porvenir, Florencia, Caquetá, Colombia.
[Ti] Title:First typology of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) systems in Colombian Amazonia, based on tree species richness, canopy structure and light availability.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191003, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIM AND BACKGROUND: We present a typology of cacao agroforest systems in Colombian Amazonia. These systems had yet to be described in the literature, especially their potential in terms of biodiversity conservation. The systems studied are located in a post-conflict area, and a deforestation front in Colombian Amazonia. Cacao cropping systems are of key importance in Colombia: cacao plays a prime role in post conflict resolution, as cacao is a legal crop to replace illegal crops; cacao agroforests are expected to be a sustainable practice, promoting forest-friendly land use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We worked in 50 x 2000 m2 agroforest plots, in Colombian Amazonia. A cluster analysis was used to build a typology based on 28 variables characterised in each plot, and related to diversity, composition, spatial structure and light availability for the cacao trees. We included variables related to light availability to evaluate the amount of transmitted radiation to the cacao trees in each type, and its suitability for cacao ecophysiological development. MAIN RESULTS: We identified 4 types of cacao agroforests based on differences concerning tree species diversity and the impact of canopy spatial structure on light availability for the cacao trees in the understorey. We found 127 tree species in the dataset, with some exclusive species in each type. We also found that 3 out of the 4 types identified displayed an erosion of tree species diversity. This reduction in shade tree species may have been linked to the desire to reduce shade, but we also found that all the types described were compatible with good ecophysiological development of the cacao trees. MAIN CONCLUSIONS AND PROSPECTS: Cacao agroforest systems may actually be achieving biodiversity conservation goals in Colombian Amazonia. One challenging prospect will be to monitor and encourage the conservation of tree species diversity in cacao agroforest systems during the development of these cropping systems, as a form of forest-friendly management enhancing sustainable peace building in Colombia.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180301
[Lr] Last revision date:180301
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191003

  7 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29313898
[Au] Autor:Bergenholm D; Gossing M; Wei Y; Siewers V; Nielsen J
[Ad] Address:Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
[Ti] Title:Modulation of saturation and chain length of fatty acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for production of cocoa butter-like lipids.
[So] Source:Biotechnol Bioeng;115(4):932-942, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0290
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Chain length and degree of saturation plays an important role for the characteristics of various products derived from fatty acids, such as fuels, cosmetics, and food additives. The seeds of Theobroma cacao are the source of cocoa butter, a natural lipid of high interest for the food and cosmetics industry. Cocoa butter is rich in saturated fatty acids that are stored in the form of triacylglycerides (TAGs). One of the major TAG species of cocoa butter, consisting of two stearic acid molecules and one oleic acid molecule (stearic acid-oleic acid-stearic acid, sn-SOS), is particularly rare in nature as the saturated fatty acid stearic acid is typically found only in low abundance. Demand for cocoa butter is increasing, yet T. cacao can only be cultivated in some parts of the tropics. Alternative means of production of cocoa butter lipids (CBLs) are, therefore, sought after. Yeasts also store fatty acids in the form of TAGs, but these are typically not rich in saturated fatty acids. To make yeast an attractive host for microbial production of CBLs, its fatty acid composition needs to be optimized. We engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strains toward a modified fatty acid synthesis. Analysis of the fatty acid profile of the modified strains showed that the fatty acid content as well as the titers of saturated fatty acids and the titers of TAGs were increased. The relative content of potential CBLs in the TAG pool reached up to 22% in our engineered strains, which is a 5.8-fold increase over the wild-type. SOS content reached a level of 9.8% in our engineered strains, which is a 48-fold increase over the wild type.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180228
[Lr] Last revision date:180228
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1002/bit.26518

  8 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29345852
[Au] Autor:Bravo D; Pardo-Díaz S; Benavides-Erazo J; Rengifo-Estrada G; Braissant O; Leon-Moreno C
[Ad] Address:Laboratory of Soil Microbiology and Calorimetry, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria - Corpoica, Centro de Investigación Tibaitatá - kilómetro 14 vía Mosquera-Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
[Ti] Title:Cadmium and cadmium-tolerant soil bacteria in cacao crops from northeastern Colombia.
[So] Source:J Appl Microbiol;, 2018 Jan 18.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2672
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: This research aims to assess total-cadmium soil content and microbiological aspects to understand the dynamics of culturable cadmium-tolerant bacteria (CdtB) in cacao soils from northeastern Colombia. METHODS AND RESULTS: An integration of inverted dish plating, Cd determination and a microcalorimetry assay (IMC) was carried out. A farm in Boyacá showed the highest level of total soil Cd (3·74 mg kg ) followed by farms in Santander and Arauca (2·76 and 1·16 mg kg , respectively). Coefficient of determination between total soil Cd and CFU of CdtB was high (R  = 0·83) for the farm in Boyacá. Moreover, a pool of 129 CdtB was isolated, and phylogeny of 21 CdtB was discussed. Among CdtB strains isolated, Enterobacter sp. CdDB41 showed major Cd immobilization capacity (Q of 2·21 and 2·32 J at 6 and 24 mg l of CdCl ), with an immobilization rate of 0·220 mg kg h . CONCLUSIONS: Among CdtB strains isolated, Enterobacter sp. CdDB41 showed major Cd immobilization capacity (Q of 2·21 and 2·32 J at 6 and 24 mg l of CdCl ), with an immobilization rate of 0·220 mg kg  h . SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Nothing is known about soil CdtB in cacao. Our data showed that CdtB such as Enterobacter sp. has high immobilization capacity. Furthermore, the otavite found in situ might be mineralized due to the bacterial metabolic activity of CdtB.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/jam.13698

  9 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29280563
[Au] Autor:Scollo E; Neville D; Oruna-Concha MJ; Trotin M; Cramer R
[Ad] Address:Department of Chemistry, University of Reading, Reading, UK.
[Ti] Title:Characterization of the Proteome of Theobroma cacao Beans by Nano-UHPLC-ESI MS/MS.
[So] Source:Proteomics;18(3-4), 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1615-9861
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Cocoa seed storage proteins play an important role in flavour development as aroma precursors are formed from their degradation during fermentation. Major proteins in the beans of Theobroma cacao are the storage proteins belonging to the vicilin and albumin classes. Although both these classes of proteins have been extensively characterized, there is still limited information on the expression and abundance of other proteins present in cocoa beans. This work is the first attempt to characterize the whole cocoa bean proteome by nano-UHPLC-ESI MS/MS analysis using tryptic digests of cocoa bean protein extracts. The results of this analysis show that >1000 proteins could be identified using a species-specific Theobroma cacao database. The majority of the identified proteins were involved with metabolism and energy. Additionally, a significant number of the identified proteins were linked to protein synthesis and processing. Several proteins were also involved with plant response to stress conditions and defence. Albumin and vicilin storage proteins showed the highest intensity values among all detected proteins, although only seven entries were identified as storage proteins. A comparison of MS/MS data searches carried out against larger non-specific databases confirmed that using a species-specific database can increase the number of identified proteins, and at the same time reduce the number of false positives. The results of this work will be useful in developing tools that can allow the comparison of the proteomic profile of cocoa beans from different genotypes and geographic origins. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD005586.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180223
[Lr] Last revision date:180223
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1002/pmic.201700339

  10 / 4447 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29215784
[Au] Autor:Norgrove L
[Ad] Address:School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Zollikofen, Switzerland.
[Ti] Title:Neither dark nor light but shades in-between: cocoa merits a finer sampling.
[So] Source:Glob Chang Biol;24(2):559-560, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2486
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Cacao
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180222
[Lr] Last revision date:180222
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/gcb.14012


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