Database : MEDLINE
Search on : epididymitis [Words]
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[PMID]: 29516876
[Au] Autor:Oliva A; Multigner L
[Ad] Address:Center for Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Rosario, Rosario 2000, Argentina.
[Ti] Title:Chronic epididymitis and Grade III varicocele and their associations with semen characteristics in men consulting for couple infertility.
[So] Source:Asian J Androl;, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1745-7262
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Chronic epididymitis and varicocele are frequently observed genital disorders in men consulting for couple infertility, but their impact on semen characteristics at the time of infertility consultation is still a matter of debate. We investigated 652 male partners of couples who had their first infertility consultation between 1999 and 2015 in Argentina. Men with chronic epididymitis (n = 253), Grade III varicocele (n = 106), and both conditions (n = 125) were compared with a control group (n = 168) composed of men without these disorders or any other recognized causes of male infertility. We showed that men who presented isolated chronic epididymitis were more likely to have high percentages of low sperm motility and abnormal sperm morphology as well as a high number of white blood cells. Men with isolated Grade III varicocele had low sperm production and motility and an increased percentage of abnormal sperm morphology. Finally, men who simultaneously presented chronic epididymitis with Grade III varicocele had a low sperm motility and increased percentage of abnormal sperm morphology as well as a high number of white blood cells. Physical examination of the genital organs may identify common disorders, potentially involved as causal factors of patient's infertility. These disorders are associated with specific seminal profiles that should help in identifying the best treatment from the available therapeutic options, effectiveness, safety, and allowing as much as possible natural conception.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.4103/aja.aja_78_17

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[PMID]: 29378173
[Au] Autor:Clancy CS; Van Wettere AJ; Siddharthan V; Morrey JD; Julander JG
[Ad] Address:Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, Utah; Institute for Antiviral Research, Department of Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. Electronic addre
[Ti] Title:Comparative Histopathologic Lesions of the Male Reproductive Tract during Acute Infection of Zika Virus in AG129 and IFNAR Mice.
[So] Source:Am J Pathol;, 2018 Jan 31.
[Is] ISSN:1525-2191
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:An understanding of the pathogenesis of infection with the Zika virus in the male reproductive tract is vital for the development of vaccines and antivirals that will limit or prevent sexual transmission. Two common immunocompromised mouse strains used in transmission studies-male with genes encoding interferon-α receptors 1 and 2 (IFNAR; AG129) and with IFN-α receptor gene knockout (IFNAR )-were infected with a Puerto Rican Zika virus isolate (PRVABC59), and pathology was assessed 5 to 11 days after infection. Virus was detected by immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR in the testicle and epididymis of AG129 and IFNAR mice, and by immunohistochemistry in the prostate and seminal vesicle of infected AG129 mice. Severe disease manifestations initiating as epididymitis and progressing to orchitis were observed in both models, with more severe inflammation noted in the AG129 mouse strain. Significant inflammation was not observed in any evaluated accessory sex gland at any point during infection. Time-course analysis of infection revealed an increase in the severity of disease within the epididymis of both strains, indicating a potential route of sexual transmission. Male mice with IFNAR1 may better recapitulate Zika virus in humans and provide insight into the mechanism of sexual transmission, due to milder histopathologic lesions, the presence of histologically normal sperm in epididymal tubules, and an ability to survive the acute phase of disease.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180223
[Lr] Last revision date:180223
[St] Status:Publisher

  3 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29473388
[Au] Autor:Imperatore V; Creta M; Di Meo S; Buonopane R; Spirito L; Mirone V
[Ad] Address:Operative Unit of Urology, Buon Consiglio Hospital - Fatebenefratelli, Naples. v.imperatore@alice.it.
[Ti] Title:Seminal vesicle abscess causing unilateral hydroureteronephrosis: A case report.
[So] Source:Arch Ital Urol Androl;89(4):321-322, 2017 Dec 31.
[Is] ISSN:1124-3562
[Cp] Country of publication:Italy
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Seminal vesicle abscess (SVA) is a rare urologic entity. It mainly occurs in subjects with predisposing factors and may be associated with other urogenital infections. We describe the case of a diabetic subject with SVA associated with funiculitis, epididymitis and obstructive pyelonephritis. Treatment consisted of laparotomic surgical drainage of the abscess and ureteral stent placement.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180223
[Lr] Last revision date:180223
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.4081/aiua.2017.4.321

  4 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29470373
[Au] Autor:Lynch S
[Ad] Address:Shaun Lynch is an assistant professor in the PA program at Elon (N.C.) University. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
[Ti] Title:Acute epididymitis.
[So] Source:JAAPA;31(3):50-51, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1547-1896
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180222
[Lr] Last revision date:180222
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.JAA.0000530304.69021.4b

  5 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29380793
[Au] Autor:Dhami A; Kharel Sitaula R; Biswas J
[Ad] Address:Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
[Ti] Title:Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of serpiginous choroiditis with biopsy-proven testicular tuberculosis.
[So] Source:Indian J Ophthalmol;66(2):320-322, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1998-3689
[Cp] Country of publication:India
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We report a case of a 47-year-old male patient presenting with diminution of vision in the left eye. The left eye fundus showed yellowish lesions with indistinct geographical margin extending over the posterior pole just abutting the macula, suggestive of diffuse choroiditis. The patient gave a history of testicular swelling for the past 2 years. Aqueous tap for polymerase chain reaction analysis was positive for IS6110 mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB) genome, and a biopsy of testicular sac was suggestive of tubercular epididymitis. A diagnosis of TB-multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis was established and was managed with anti-tubercular therapy and systemic steroids.
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180223
[Lr] Last revision date:180223
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.4103/ijo.IJO_764_17

  6 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29468365
[Au] Autor:Bandarkar AN; Blask AR
[Ad] Address:Department of Radiology, Mid-Atlantic Permanente Medical Group, 1890 Metro Center Drive, Reston, VA, 20190, USA. anjumnb@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Testicular torsion with preserved flow: key sonographic features and value-added approach to diagnosis.
[So] Source:Pediatr Radiol;, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1998
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Testicular sonography has contributed greatly to the preoperative diagnosis of testicular torsion in the pediatric patient and is the mainstay for evaluation of acute scrotal pain. Despite its high sensitivity and specificity, both false-negative and false-positive findings occur. Presence of documented Doppler flow within the testis might be a dissuading factor for surgical exploration with resultant testicular loss in the false-negative cases. Our goal is to illustrate key sonographic features in the spectrum of testicular torsion with preserved testicular flow, and to describe how to differentiate testicular torsion from epididymitis in order to avoid the under-diagnosis of testicular torsion. We simplify the anatomy of the bell clapper testis. We also describe our sonographic protocol for testicular torsion and share valuable tips from our approach to challenging cases.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180222
[Lr] Last revision date:180222
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00247-018-4093-0

  7 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29456227
[Au] Autor:Selmi Y; Kheder-Elfekih R; Jebali H; Fatma LB; Smaoui W; Krid M; Beji S; Rais L; Zouaghi MK
[Ad] Address:Department of Nephrology, La Rabta Hospital, Jebbari, Tunis, Tunisia.
[Ti] Title:A case of renal granulomatosis with polyangiitis following intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.
[So] Source:Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl;29(1):185-188, 2018 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1319-2442
[Cp] Country of publication:Saudi Arabia
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Various adverse reactions may occur after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy. Although the virulence of attenuated BCG is low, serious complications such as bacterial cystitis, bladder contractures, granulomatous prostatitis, epididymitis, orchitis, and systemic reactions such as fever and malaise have been described. Disseminated granulomatosis such as hepatitis and pneumonitis have also been described, but are rare. We report here the case of a 67-year-old patient who presented with renal granulomatosis with polyangiitis following intravesical BCG therapy for superficial bladder tumor. The biological evaluation revealed the presence of perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies with specificity for antimyeloperoxidase. Renal biopsy specimen revealed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis with segmental glomerular necrosis, presence of granulomas and no evidence of any caseating necrosis. He received antituberculosis drugs in addition to corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide without any improvement of the renal function.
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180219
[Lr] Last revision date:180219
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.4103/1319-2442.225178

  8 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29434272
[Au] Autor:Wang J; Liu Q; Wang X; Guan R; Li S; Zhang Y; Cheng Y; Zeng H; Tang Y; Zhu Z
[Ad] Address:Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.
[Ti] Title:Modified Inguinal Microscope-Assisted Varicocelectomy under Local Anesthesia: A Non-randomised Controlled Study of 3565 Cases.
[So] Source:Sci Rep;8(1):2800, 2018 Feb 12.
[Is] ISSN:2045-2322
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Varicocele is a common abnormality, but the conventional microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy (CMSV) has some disadvantages. We invented Modified Inguinal Microscope-Assisted Varicocelectomy (MIMV) under local anesthesia. This study aims to evaluate MIMV by comparing it to CMSV in operating duration, time to return to normal activity, postoperative complications, achievement of natural pregnancy and improvement of semen quality for patients with infertility, pain score for those with scrotal pain, and so on. We enrolled 3089 patients who underwent MIMV and 476 who underwent CMSV in our hospital. Both the operating duration and the time to return to normal activity of MIMV was shorter than that of CMSV (P < 0.001). The recurrence rate (P < 0.001) and injury rate of vas deferens (P = 0.011) after MIMV were lower than that after CMSV. Moreover, patients with MIMV showed higher degree of satisfaction with the surgery experience and outcome than those with CMSV (P < 0.001). However, no statistical difference was found between the two groups in scores of pain due to surgery, postoperative varicose veins diameters, reflux duration, and the postoperative complications of wound infection, hydrocele, atrophy of testis, epididymitis, and scrotal hematoma. In summary, MIMV is a promising varicocelectomy and could be applied more in clinical practice.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180216
[Lr] Last revision date:180216
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-21313-0

  9 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29339104
[Au] Autor:Browne JA; Leir SH; Eggener SE; Harris A
[Ad] Address:Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.
[Ti] Title:Region-specific innate antiviral responses of the human epididymis.
[So] Source:Mol Cell Endocrinol;, 2018 Jan 13.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8057
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Viral infections of the epididymis are associated with epididymitis, which damages the epithelium and impairs fertility. We showed previously that innate immune response genes were differentially expressed in the corpus and cauda region of the human epididymis in comparison to the caput. Here we investigate the antiviral defense response mechanisms of human epididymis epithelial (HEE) cells. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are enriched in HEE cells from the corpus and cauda region. These HEE cells show an enhanced response to antiviral ligands (poly(I:C) and HSV-60), as shown by increased IFN-ß mRNA expression and IFN-ß secretion. Nuclear translocation of phosphorylated p65 occurs after poly(I:C) exposure. In addition, paired box 2 (PAX2), which was implicated in regulating antiviral response pathways, is required for basal expression of the DNA sensor, Z-DNA binding protein (ZBP1) and type I interferon, in caput but not in cauda cells.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180208
[Lr] Last revision date:180208
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 2871 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29240338
[Ti] Title:Healthcare Costs Associated with Hydrophilic-Coated And Non-Coated Urinary Catheters for Intermittent Use In the United States.
[So] Source:Urol Nurs;36(5):233-42, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1053-816X
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This health economic evaluation simulated a cohort to compare hydrophilic-coated to non-coated catheters for intermittent catheterization. By using a Markov model, lifetime costs and catheter-related complications were investigated. Results determined that the use of hydrophilic-coated catheters save money and reduce treatment-related complications.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bacteremia/epidemiology
Catheter-Related Infections/epidemiology
Epididymitis/epidemiology
Health Care Costs
Urethral Stricture/epidemiology
Urinary Bladder Calculi/epidemiology
Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/nursing
Urinary Catheterization/methods
Urinary Catheters/economics
Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Aged
Bacteremia/economics
Catheter-Related Infections/economics
Cohort Studies
Epididymitis/economics
Female
Humans
Male
Markov Chains
Middle Aged
Models, Economic
Self Care
United States
Urethral Stricture/economics
Urinary Bladder Calculi/economics
Urinary Catheterization/instrumentation
Urinary Tract Infections/economics
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180123
[Lr] Last revision date:180123
[Js] Journal subset:N
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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