Database : MEDLINE
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[PMID]: 29524797
[Au] Autor:Peeters LHC; de Groot IJM; Geurts ACH
[Ad] Address:Radboud University Medical Center, Donders Centre for Neuroscience, Department of Rehabilitation, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: laura.hc.peeters@radboudumc.nl.
[Ti] Title:Trunk involvement in performing upper extremity activities while seated in neurological patients with a flaccid trunk - A review.
[So] Source:Gait Posture;62:46-55, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2219
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Trunk control is essential during seated activities. The trunk interacts with the upper extremities (UE) and head by being part of a kinematic chain and by providing a stable basis. When trunk control becomes impaired, it may have consequences for the execution of UE tasks. AIM: To review trunk involvement in body movement and stability when performing seated activities and its relation with UE and head movements in neurological patients with a flaccid trunk, with a focus on childhood and development with age. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A search using PubMed was conducted and 32 out of 188 potentially eligible articles were included. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Patients with a flaccid trunk (e.g. with spinal cord injury or cerebral palsy) tend to involve the trunk earlier while reaching than healthy persons. Different balance strategies are observed in different types of patients, like using the contralateral arm as counterweight, eliminating degrees of freedom, or reducing movement speed. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The key role of the trunk in performing activities should be kept in mind when developing interventions to improve seated task performance in neurological patients with a flaccid trunk.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29515725
[Au] Autor:Frikh R; Oumakhir S; Chahdi H; Oukabli M; Albouzidi A; Baba N; Hjira N; Boui M
[Ad] Address:Service de Dermatologie, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc.
[Ti] Title:Mélanome des tissus mous: cas clinique. [Soft tissue melanoma: a clinical case].
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;28:107, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] Country of publication:Uganda
[La] Language:fre
[Ab] Abstract:Soft tissue melanoma was first described by Enzinger in 1965 under the name of clear cell sarcoma. In 1983, Chung and Enzinger renamed it soft tissue melanoma due to its immunohistochemical similarities with melanoma. We here report the case of a 22-year old young man with this rare type of melanoma, presenting with molluscoid lesion on his ankle without any clinical sign of malignancy. Histology examination confirmed the diagnosis of soft tissue melanoma.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180311
[Lr] Last revision date:180311
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.28.107.10316

  3 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29414117
[Au] Autor:Diaz-Miguel S; Lopezosa-Reca E; Benhamu-Benhamu S; Ortega-Avila AB; García-De-La-Peña R; Gijon-Nogueron G
[Ad] Address:Private Podiatry Clinic, Cartama Estacion, Malaga, Spain.
[Ti] Title:Structural differences in the lower extremities in children aged 7-9 years, caused by playing football: A cross-sectional study.
[So] Source:Foot (Edinb);34:78-82, 2017 Nov 17.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2963
[Cp] Country of publication:Scotland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Physical activity during childhood can be beneficial in the long term. However, this practice can influence the child's physiological development. The aim of this study was to determine whether the practice of soccer, in moderation, could be a risk factor for the inadequate development of the lower limb. METHODS: The study group was composed of 115 children, of whom 59 (mean age 8.03±0.89years) practised soccer 3 times a week and had a positive Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A) score, while a further 56 (mean age 7.96±0.87years) did not perform any additional physical activity and had a negative PAQ-A score. A foot posture analysis, based on the foot posture index (FPI), the valgus index, the orientation of the subtalar joint (STJ) and the Q angle of the knee, was carried out. RESULTS: For the group of soccer players, the following results were obtained: FPI 4.79±2.38 (R) and 3.95±2.31 (L); valgus index 13.56°±1.66° (R) and 13.42°±1.48° (L); STJ test 79% pronated; Q angle 13.13°±2.06° (R) and 13.18°±1.93° (L). For the non-players, the corresponding values were: FPI 3.62±2.82 (R) and 3.74±2.77 (L); valgus index 12.76°±1.71° (R) and 12.84°±1.72° (L); STJ test 50% pronated; Q angle 13.87°±3.01° (R) and 13.86°±2.94° (L). CONCLUSION: There is a degree of difference between the two groups, but the values do not vary greatly from those considered normal for this age group. Any alterations in this respect can be assumed to be caused at older ages than those analysed.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  4 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524282
[Au] Autor:Olisova OY; Grabovskaya OV; Teplyuk NP; Tertychnyy AS; Varshavsky VA; Grekova EV
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology and Venereology, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation.
[Ti] Title:Cutaneous pseudolymphoma caused by Poly Implant Prothèse breast implants.
[So] Source:J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol;, 2018 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3083
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We present a 41-year-old woman with itching polymorphic skin lesions involving the trunk and extremities which first appeared in September 2011 (7 years ago). Physical examination revealed multiple erythematous, scaly macules and patches, indurated red plaques and purplish red and smooth surfaced nodules (Fig. 1a). Over the period of seven years, the skin lesions grew slowly and spread across the body but sometimes they regressed either spontaneously or after insolation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/jdv.14934

  5 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524251
[Au] Autor:Sawada M; Hida T; Ujiie H; Iwata H; Uhara H
[Ad] Address:Department of Dermatology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
[Ti] Title:A case of subepidermal autoimmune bullous disease with autoantibodies against 200-kDa and 290-kDa antigens.
[So] Source:J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol;, 2018 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3083
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) and anti-p200 pemphigoid are uncommon subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases caused by autoantibodies against the 200-kDa protein and 290-kDa type VII collagen, respectively. Here we describe a patient with autoantibodies against both 200-kDa and 290-kDa antigens.A 63-year-old-man had itchy tense blisters and edematous erythemas scattered on his trunk, buttocks, extremities and soles (Fig. 1a). There were no ocular or mucosal lesions. Psoriatic skin lesions were not observed. There was no personal or family history of serious diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/jdv.14927

  6 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524094
[Au] Autor:Incecik F; Ozcanyüz DG
[Ad] Address:Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Toros mah., Baris Manço Bul. 78178 sok., Yesilpark evleri, kat: 7, no: 13, Çukurova, Adana, Turkey. fincecik@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Title:Unusual side effects due to clobazam: a case report with edema of the extremities.
[So] Source:Acta Neurol Belg;, 2018 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:2240-2993
[Cp] Country of publication:Italy
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s13760-018-0901-4

  7 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29523168
[Au] Autor:Qian W; Tang Y; Yan W; Sun L; Lv H
[Ad] Address:Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
[Ti] Title:A comparison of efficacy of six prediction models for intravenous immunoglobulin resistance in Kawasaki disease.
[So] Source:Ital J Pediatr;44(1):33, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1824-7288
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common pediatric vasculitis. Several models have been established to predict intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance. The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of prediction models using the medical data of KD patients. METHODS: We collected the medical records of patients hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology in Children's Hospital of Soochow University with a diagnosis of KD from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016. IVIG resistance was defined as recrudescent or persistent fever ≥36 h after the end of their IVIG infusion. RESULTS: Patients with IVIG resistance tended to be younger, have higher occurrence of rash and changes of extremities. They had higher levels of c-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, neutrophils proportion (N%), total bilirubin and lower level of albumin. Our prediction model had a sensitivity of 0.72 and a specificity of 0.75. Sensitivity of Kobayashi, Egami, Kawamura, Sano and Formosa were 0.72, 0.44, 0.48, 0.20, and 0.68, respectively. Specificity of these models were 0.62, 0.82, 0.66, 0.91, and 0.48, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our prediction model had a powerful predictive value in this area, followed by Kobayashi model while all the other prediction models had less excellent performances than ours.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13052-018-0475-z

  8 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522355
[Au] Autor:Kruse NT; Ueda K; Hughes WE; Casey DP
[Ad] Address:Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Iowa, United States.
[Ti] Title:Eight weeks of nitrate supplementation improves blood flow and reduces the exaggerated pressor response during forearm exercise in peripheral arterial disease.
[So] Source:Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol;, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1522-1539
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by a reduced blood flow (BF) and elevated blood pressure (pressor) response during lower extremity exercise. Although PAD is evident in the upper extremities no studies have determined BF and pressor responses during upper extremity exercise in PAD. Emerging evidence suggests that inorganic nitrate (NO ) supplementation may serve as an alternative dietary strategy to boost nitric oxide bioavailability, improving exercising BF and pressor responses during exercise. The present study investigated 1) BF and pressor responses to forearm exercise in PAD (n=21) relative to healthy age-matched controls (n=16) and 2) whether eight weeks of sodium NO (NaNO ) supplementation influenced the BF and pressor responses to forearm exercise in PAD. Moderate-to-severe PAD patients were randomly assigned to NaNO (1g/day; n=13) or placebo (microcrystalline cellulose; n=8) groups. Brachial artery forearm BF (FBF; via Doppler) and blood pressure (via finger plethysmography) were measured during hand-gripping exercise at a mild (~3.5kg) and moderate (~7kg) intensity exercise. The absolute change (Δ from baseline) in FBF was reduced (except 3.5kg condition) and BP responses increased in PAD versus healthy controls in both 3.5kg and 7kg conditions (all P<0.05). Eight weeks of NaNO supplementation elevated plasma nitrate and nitrite, and improved exercising (7kg) ΔFBF (141{plus minus}17 to 172{plus minus}20 mL/min) and reduced the Δ mean arterial pressure response (13{plus minus}1 to 9{plus minus}1 mmHg) (P<0.05) in PAD relative to placebo. These results suggest that the BF limitation and exaggerated pressor response to moderate intensity forearm exercise in PAD is improved with eight weeks of NaNO supplementation.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.00015.2018

  9 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29457936
[Au] Autor:Tumlison R; Surf A
[Ad] Address:* Henderson State University Professor of Biology Biology Henderson State University.
[Ti] Title:Prevalence, structure, and distribution of novel parasite cysts containing Dracunculus species in River Otters (Lontra canadensis) from Arkansas.
[So] Source:J Parasitol;, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1937-2345
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Adult female Guinea worms (Dracunculus spp.) usually are reported to occur singly in the extremities of their hosts, from which they deliver their larvae through fistulae in the host's skin into the water. We visually examined for presence of worms in the fascia of the limbs of skinned carcasses of 184 river otters (Lontra canadensis) harvested in Arkansas, and report observations of cysts on wrists and ankles found on 12 otters. Cysts averaged 15.6 X 24.6 mm in size, were round to oval, and contained masses of up to 19 adult female Dracunculus sp. (mean 6.7). We speculate that high levels of infection in consumed paratenic hosts might have caused high infection rates leading to large cyst formation in otters as larvigerous Dracunculus sp. females accumulated in extremities. No males were discovered during the study, so identification of a sample of worms was based on molecular techniques.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1645/17-138

  10 / 92301 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29414988
[Au] Autor:Morgan SJ; McDonald CL; Halsne EG; Cheever SM; Salem R; Kramer PA; Hafner BJ
[Ad] Address:Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America.
[Ti] Title:Laboratory- and community-based health outcomes in people with transtibial amputation using crossover and energy-storing prosthetic feet: A randomized crossover trial.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0189652, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Contemporary prosthetic feet are generally optimized for either daily or high-level activities. Prosthesis users, therefore, often require multiple prostheses to participate in activities that span a range of mobility. Crossover feet (XF) are designed to increase the range of activities that can be performed with a single prosthesis. However, little evidence exists to guide clinical prescription of XF relative to traditional energy storing feet (ESF). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of XF and ESF on health outcomes in people with transtibial amputation. A randomized crossover study was conducted to assess changes in laboratory-based (endurance, perceived exertion, walking performance) and community-based (step activity and self-reported mobility, fatigue, balance confidence, activity restrictions, and satisfaction) outcomes. Twenty-seven participants were fit with XF and ESF prostheses with standardized sockets, interfaces, and suspensions. Participants were not blinded to the intervention, and wore each prosthesis for one month while their steps were counted with an activity monitor. After each accommodation period, participants returned for data collection. Endurance and perceived exertion were measured with the Six-Minute Walk Test and Borg-CR100, respectively. Walking performance was measured using an electronic walkway. Self-reported mobility, fatigue, balance confidence, activity restrictions, and satisfaction were measured with survey instruments. Participants also reported foot preferences upon conclusion of the study. Differences between feet were assessed with a crossover analysis. While using XF, users experienced improvements in most community-based outcomes, including mobility (p = .001), fatigue (p = .001), balance confidence (p = .005), activity restrictions (p = .002), and functional satisfaction (p < .001). Participants also exhibited longer sound side steps in XF compared to ESF (p < .001). Most participants (89%) reported an overall preference for XF; others (11%) reported no preference. Results indicate that XF may be a promising alternative to ESF for people with transtibial amputation who engage in a range of mobility activities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02440711.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Amputation
Artificial Limbs
Foot
Prostheses and Implants
Tibia/surgery
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Cross-Over Studies
Humans
Treatment Outcome
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180208
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189652


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