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[PMID]: 29524925
[Au] Autor:Chen MK
[Ad] Address:Yale University, New Haven, CT.
[Ti] Title:The Effect of Language on Economic Behavior: Evidence from Savings Rates, Health Behaviors, and Retirement Assets.
[So] Source:Am Econ Rev;103(2):690-731, 2013 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0002-8282
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Languages differ widely in the ways they encode time. I test the hypothesis that the languages that grammatically associate the future and the present, foster future-oriented behavior. This prediction arises naturally when well-documented effects of language structure are merged with models of intertemporal choice. Empirically, I find that speakers of such languages: save more, retire with more wealth, smoke less, practice safer sex, and are less obese. This holds both across countries and within countries when comparing demographically similar native households. The evidence does not support the most obvious forms of common causation. I discuss implications for theories of intertemporal choice.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180311
[Lr] Last revision date:180311
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524889
[Au] Autor:van der Grift B; Osté L; Schot P; Kratz A; van Popta E; Wassen M; Griffioen J
[Ad] Address:Deltares, P.O. Box 85467, 3508 AL Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: bas.vandergrift@deltares.nl.
[Ti] Title:Forms of phosphorus in suspended particulate matter in agriculture-dominated lowland catchments: Iron as phosphorus carrier.
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;631-632:115-129, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The fate and environmental effects of phosphorus (P) in natural waters depend on its chemical forms. The particulate P (PP) concentration is dominant over the dissolved P concentration in agriculture-dominated headwaters in the Netherlands. Routine water quality monitoring programmes do not include the chemical fractionation of PP. To quantify the chemical forms of PP under various conditions in six agriculture-dominated lowland catchments in the Netherlands, a sequential chemical extraction method was applied to suspended particulate matter (SPM) samples collected by centrifugation or filtration. Centrifuge samples had lower values for the sum of the PP fractions compared with the filtration samples due to lower contents from PP fractions other than the Fe-P pool. With an average value of 8.8mgg , internationally high P contents of the SPM were found. Ferric iron-bound P was the most important PP fraction in SPM samples (38-95%; median 74%), followed by organic P (2-38%; median 15%). Exchangeable P ranged from 0.2 to 27%, with a median of 4.4%, Ca-P ranged from 0.1 to 11% with a median of 3.9% and detrital P was present in only a small fraction (0-6%; median 1.1%). Ferric iron-bound P was the dominant PP pool throughout the entire range of watercourses (from headwater ditches to catchment outlets) and in samples taken during winter months as well as those taken during summer months. Furthermore, the PP fraction distribution did not change markedly when flow conditions were altered from low to high discharge. The dominance of the Fe-P pool denotes the presence of Fe(III) precipitates in SPM that originate from exfiltration of anoxic Fe-bearing groundwater. These Fe(III) precipitates are a major fraction of the total SPM concentration (4 to 67% as Fe(OH) ; median 18%). Although not measured directly, our results suggest that formation of authigenic Fe(III) precipitates causes a rapid transformation of dissolved P in groundwater to PP in surface water. We advise including sequential chemical extraction of SPM monitoring programmes because the composition of particles is critical for P bioavailability, which is a key driving factor for eutrophication.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524806
[Au] Autor:Drumond N; Stegemann S
[Ad] Address:Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 13, 8010 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: nelio.drumondfreitas@tugraz.at.
[Ti] Title:Polymer adhesion predictions for oral dosage forms to enhance drug administration safety. Part 3: Review of in vitro and in vivo methods used to predict esophageal adhesion and transit time.
[So] Source:Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces;165:303-314, 2018 Feb 24.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4367
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The oral cavity is frequently used to administer pharmaceutical drug products. This route of administration is seen as the most accessible for the majority of patients and supports an independent therapy management. For current oral dosage forms under development, the prediction of their unintended mucoadhesive properties and esophageal transit profiles would contribute for future administration safety, as concerns regarding unintended adhesion of solid oral dosage forms (SODF) during oro-esophageal transit still remain. Different in vitro methods that access mucoadhesion of polymers and pharmaceutical preparations have been proposed over the years. The same methods might be used to test non-adhesive systems and contribute for developing safe-to-swallow technologies. Previous works have already investigated the suitability of non-animal derived in vitro methods to assess such properties. The aim of this work was to review the in vitro methodology available in the scientific literature that used animal esophageal tissue to evaluate mucoadhesion and esophageal transit of pharmaceutical preparations. Furthermore, in vivo methodology is also discussed. Since none of the in vitro methods developed are able to mimic the complex swallowing process and oro-esophageal transit, in vivo studies in humans remain as the gold standard.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524745
[Au] Autor:Camuri IJ; Costa AB; Ito AS; Pazin WM
[Ad] Address:Department of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Optical absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy studies of Artepillin C, the major component of green propolis.
[So] Source:Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc;198:71-77, 2018 Feb 23.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3557
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The bioactivity of propolis against several pathogens is well established, leading to the extensive consumption of that bee product to prevent diseases. Brazilian green propolis, collected by the species Apis mellifera, is one of the most consumed in the world. The chemical composition of green propolis is complex and it has been shown that it displays antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities, especially due to the high content of Artepillin C. The molecule is a derivative of cinnamic acid with two prenylated groups, responsible for the improvement of the affinity of the compound for lipophilic environment. A carboxylic group (COOH) is also present in the molecule, making it a pH-sensitive compound and the pH-dependent structure of Artepillin C, may modulate its biological activity related to interactions with the cellular membrane of organisms and tissues. Molecular properties of Artepillin C on aqueous solution were examined by optical absorption, steady state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopies. Acid-base titration based on the spectral position of the near UV absorption band, resulted in the pKa value of 4.65 for the carboxylic group in Artepillin C. In acidic pH, below the pKa value, an absorption band raised around 350nm at Artepillin C concentration above 50µM, due to aggregation of the molecule. In neutral pH, with excitation at 310nm, Artepillin C presents dual emission at 400 and 450nm. In pH close to the pKa, the optical spectra show contribution from both protonated and deprotonated species. A three-exponential function was necessary to fit the intensity decays at the different pHs, dominated by a very short lifetime component, around 0.060ns. The fast decay resulted in emission before fluorescence depolarization, and in values of fluorescence anisotropy higher than could be expected for monomeric forms of the compound. The results give fundamental knowledge about the protonation-deprotonation state of the molecule, that may be relevant in processes mediated by biological membranes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524697
[Au] Autor:Bhandari D; Bowman BA; Patel AB; Chambers DM; De Jesús VR; Blount BC
[Ad] Address:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Laboratory Sciences, Tobacco and Volatiles Branch, Atlanta, GA 30341, United States. Electronic address: dbhandari@cdc.gov.
[Ti] Title:UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method for the quantitative measurement of aliphatic diamines, trimethylamine N-oxide, and ß-methylamino-l-alanine in human urine.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1083:86-92, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This work describes a quantitative high-throughput analytical method for the simultaneous measurement of small aliphatic nitrogenous biomarkers, i.e., 1,6-hexamethylenediamine (HDA), isophoronediamine (IPDA), ß-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA), and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), in human urine. Urinary aliphatic diamines, HDA and IPDA, are potential biomarkers of environmental exposure to their corresponding diisocyanates. Urinary BMAA forms as a result of human exposure to blue-green algae contaminated food. And, TMAO is excreted in urine due to the consumption of carnitine- and choline-rich diets. These urinary biomarkers represent classes of small aliphatic nitrogen-containing compounds (N-compounds) that have a high aqueous solubility, low logP, and/or high basic pK . Because of the highly polar characteristics, analysis of these compounds in complex sample matrices is often challenging. We report on the development of ion-pairing chemistry based ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous measurement of these biomarkers in human urine. Chromatographic separation was optimized using heptafluorobutyric acid-(HFBA-) based mobile phase and a reversed-phase C18 column. All four analytes were baseline separated within 2.6 min with an overall run time of 5 min per sample injection. Sample preparation involved 4 h of acid hydrolysis followed by automated solid phase extraction (SPE) performed using strong cation exchange sorbent bed with 7 N ammonia solution in methanol as eluent. Limits of detection ranged from 0.05 ng/mL to 1.60 ng/mL. The inter-day and intra-day accuracy were within 10%, and reproducibility within 15%. The method is accurate, fast, and well-suited for biomonitoring studies within targeted groups, as well as larger population-based studies such as the U. S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524696
[Au] Autor:Korany MA; Mahgoub H; Haggag RS; Ragab MAA; Elmallah OA
[Ad] Address:Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alexandria, El-Messalah, Alexandria, Egypt.
[Ti] Title:Green gas chromatographic stability-indicating method for the determination of Lacosamide in tablets. Application to in-vivo human urine profiling.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1083:75-85, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A direct, eco-friendly, stability-indicating GC method was developed for the determination of Lacosamide (LCM) in tablet dosage forms in presence of its degradation products as well as in human urine in presence of the co-administered drug Zonisamide (ZON). The assay method in tablets was validated according to the ICH guidelines, while the method for determination of LCM in urine was validated according to FDA; Bioanalytical Method Validation guidance. Linear response (r = 0.9998) was observed over the range of 20-280 µg/mL of LCM, with detection and quantitation limits of 5.871 and 19.57 µg/mL, respectively for the tablet assay method. While (r = 0.9999) was observed over the range of 0.5-20 µg/mL of LCM, with detection and quantitation limits of 67 and 233 ng mL , respectively for the urine analysis method. Under various stress conditions, the investigation of LCM forced degradation behaviour was carried out. Furthermore, monitoring of the drug in urine followed by construction of its urine profile was done after the administration of 50 mg tablet of LCM to three healthy volunteers so as to prove the ability of the method to be applied in assaying LCM in human urine. The method showed also successful separation of LCM and the co-administered drug ZON in urine. Finally, the greenness of the method was assessed using National Environmental Methods Index label and Eco scale methods.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524629
[Au] Autor:Craft CS; Broekelmann TJ; Mecham RP
[Ad] Address:Division of Bone and Mineral Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, United States.
[Ti] Title:Microfibril-associated glycoproteins MAGP-1 and MAGP-2 in disease.
[So] Source:Matrix Biol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1569-1802
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Microfibril-associated glycoproteins 1 and 2 (MAGP-1, MAGP-2) are protein components of extracellular matrix microfibrils. These proteins interact with fibrillin, the core component of microfibrils, and impart unique biological properties that influence microfibril function in vertebrates. MAGPs bind active forms of TGFß and BMPs and are capable of modulating Notch signaling. Mutations in MAGP-1 or MAGP-2 have been linked to thoracic aneurysms and metabolic disease in humans. MAGP-2 has also been shown to be an important biomarker in several human cancers. Mice lacking MAGP-1 or MAGP-2 have defects in multiple organ systems, which reflects the widespread distribution of microfibrils in vertebrate tissues. This review summarizes our current understanding of the function of the MAGPs and their relationship to human disease.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524615
[Au] Autor:Chauhan V; Goyal K; Singh MP
[Ad] Address:Department of Virology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, Punjab 160012, India.
[Ti] Title:Identification of broadly reactive epitopes targeting major glycoproteins of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 and 2 - An immunoinformatics analysis.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Infections due to both HSV-1 and HSV-2 constitute an enormous health burden worldwide. Development of vaccine against herpes infections is a WHO supported public health priority. The viral glycoproteins have always been the major hotspots for vaccine designing. The present study was aimed to identify the conserved T and B cell epitopes in the major glycoproteins of both HSV-1 and HSV-2 via rigorous computational approaches. Identification of promiscuous T cell epitopes is of utmost importance in vaccine designing as such epitopes are capable of binding to several allelic forms of HLA and could generate effective immune response in the host. The criteria designed for identification of T and B cell epitopes was that it should be conserved in both HSV-1 and 2, promiscuous, have high affinity towards HLA alleles, should be located on the surface of glycoproteins and not be present in the glycosylation sites. This study led to the identification of 17 HLA Class II and 26 HLA Class I T cell epitopes, 9 linear and some conformational B cell epitopes. The identified T cell epitopes were further subjected to molecular docking analysis to analyze their binding patterns. Altogether we have identified 4 most promising regions in glycoproteins (2-gB, 1-gD, 1-gH) of HSV-1 and 2 which are promiscuous to HLA Class II alleles and have overlapping HLA Class I and B cell epitopes, which could be very useful in generating both arms of immune response in the host i.e. adaptive as well as humoral immunity. Further the authors propose the cross-validation of the identified epitopes in experimental settings for confirming their immunogenicity to support the present findings.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524538
[Au] Autor:Ruzza P; Vitale RM; Hussain R; Montini A; Honisch C; Pozzebon A; Hughes CS; Biondi B; Amodeo P; Sechi G; Siligardi G
[Ad] Address:Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry of CNR, Padua Unit, Padua, Italy. Electronic address: paolo.ruzza@unipd.it.
[Ti] Title:Chaperone-like effect of ceftriaxone on HEWL aggregation: A spectroscopic and computational study.
[So] Source:Biochim Biophys Acta;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:0006-3002
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Lysozyme is a widely distributed enzyme present in a variety of tissue and body fluids. Human and hen egg white lysozyme are used as validated model to study protein folding and stability and to understand protein misfolding and aggregation. We recently found that ceftriaxone, a ß-lactam antibiotic able to overcome the blood-brain barrier, successfully eliminated the cellular toxic effects of misfolded proteins as Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein and α-synuclein. To further understand the anti-amyloidogenic properties of ceftriaxone, we studied its activity towards lysozyme aggregation with the aim to investigate a possible chaperone-like activity of this molecule. METHODS: Here we present the results obtained from fluorescence and synchrotron radiation circular dichroism spectroscopies and from molecular docking and molecular dynamics about the lysozyme-ceftriaxone interaction at neutral and acidic pH values. RESULTS: We found that ceftriaxone exhibits comparable affinity constants to lysozyme in both experimental pH conditions and that its addition enhanced lysozyme stability reducing its aggregation propensity in acidic conditions. Computational methods allowed the identification of the putative binding site of ceftriaxone, thus rationalizing the spectroscopic results. CONCLUSIONS: Spectroscopy data and molecular dynamics indicated a protective effect of ceftriaxone on pathological aggregation phenomena suggesting a chaperone-like effect of this molecule on protein folding. General significance These results, in addition to our previous studies on α-synuclein and GFAP, confirm the property of ceftriaxone to inhibit the pathological protein aggregation of lysozyme also by a chaperone-like mechanism, extending the potential therapeutic application of this molecule to some forms of human hereditary systemic amyloidosis.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 424902 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524514
[Au] Autor:Llorca-Torralba M; Mico JA; Berrocoso E
[Ad] Address:Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Instituto de Investigación e Innovación en Ciencias Biomédicas de Cádiz, INiBICA, Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar, Cádiz, Spain; Neuropsychopharmacology and Psychobiology Research Group, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain.
[Ti] Title:Behavioral effects of combined morphine and MK-801 administration to the locus coeruleus of a rat neuropathic pain model.
[So] Source:Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1878-4216
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The persistent activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate acid receptors (NMDARs) seems to be responsible for a series of changes in neurons associated with neuropathic pain, including the failure of opioids that act through mu-opioid receptors (MORs) to provide efficacious pain relief. As the noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC) forms part of the endogenous analgesic system, we explored how intra-LC administration of morphine, a MORs agonist, alone or in combination with MK-801, a NMDARs antagonist, affects the sensorial and affective dimension of pain in a rat model of neuropathic pain; chronic constriction injury (CCI). Intra-LC microinjection of morphine induced analgesia in CCI rats, as evident in the von Frey and cold plate test 7 and 30 days after surgery, although it was not able to reverse pain-related aversion when evaluated using the place escape/avoidance test. However, the thermal anti-nociception produced by morphine was enhanced when it was administered to the LC of CCI animals in combination with MK-801, without altering its effects on the mechanical thresholds. Furthermore, pain-related aversion was reduced by co-administration of these agents, yet only in the short-term CCI (7 day) rats. Overall the data indicate that administration of morphine to the LC produces analgesia in nerve injured animals and that this effect is potentiated in specific pain modalities by the co-administration of MK-801. While a combination of morphine and MK-801 could reduce pain-related aversion in short-term neuropathic animals, it was ineffective in the long-term, suggesting that its sensorial effects and its influence on the affective component of pain are regulated by different mechanisms.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher


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