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[PMID]: 26525368
[Au] Autor:Pona AA; Heinberg LJ; Lavery M; Ben-Porath YS; Rish JM
[Ad] Address:University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri....
[Ti] Title:Psychological predictors of body image concerns 3 months after bariatric surgery.
[So] Source:Surg Obes Relat Dis;12(1):188-93, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7533
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Although studies have associated postoperative weight loss with improvement in body image dissatisfaction, some individuals continue to report body image concerns after bariatric surgery. These concerns are linked to increased depressive symptoms and decreased self-esteem in bariatric populations. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore preoperative factors that may predict early body image concerns 3 months after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Academic medical center. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 229 patients evaluated for bariatric surgery who completed a 3-month postoperative psychology appointment and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Second Edition, Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). Scales measuring depression, persecution, self-doubt, and inadequacy were examined. Medical records were reviewed for demographic characteristics, psychotropic medication usage, history of psychological treatment, and current or lifetime depression diagnosis. RESULTS: Patients who preoperatively scored higher on demoralization (F [1, 227] = 35.40, P< .001), low positive emotions (F [1, 227] = 4.18, P< .05), ideas of persecution (F [1, 227] = 15.24, P< .001), self-doubt (F [1, 227] = 27.47, P< .001), and inefficacy (F [1, 227] = 21.34, P< .001) were significantly more likely to report body image concerns 3 months after bariatric surgery. Similarly, body image concerns were more common in patients with a preoperative depression diagnosis (χ(2) = 8.76, P<.01), current psychotropic medication usage (χ(2) = 7.13, P<.01), and history of outpatient therapy (χ(2) = 8.34, P<.01) and psychotropic medication (χ(2) = 9.66, P< .001). CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery candidates with psychopathology and other psychological risk factors are more likely to report body image concerns early after bariatric surgery. Future research is warranted to determine whether this association remains further out from surgery.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  2 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25817854
[Au] Autor:Turabián JL; Pérez Franco B
[Ad] Address:Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria, Centro de Salud Polígono Industrial, Toledo, España. Electronic address: jturabianf@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Un modo de ayudar al «Sr. Minotauro¼ y a la «Sra. Ariadna¼ a salir del laberinto de la multimorbilidad: los «problemas maestros¼. [A way of helping "Mr. Minotaur" and "Ms. Ariadne" to exit from the multiple morbidity labyrinth: The "master problems"].
[So] Source:Semergen;42(1):38-48, 2016 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1578-8865
[Cp] Country of publication:Spain
[La] Language:spa
[Ab] Abstract:Multiple morbidity seems to be "infinite" and so is not easy to make useful decisions. A new concept is introduced: the "master problems", as a qualitative method to facilitate the exit from this maze of multiple morbidity. Metaphors from the art world have been used to teach this concept. These "master problems" generally remain hidden and can only "unravel" between the interstices of multiple morbidity, when the details of the system that defines the problem are explained. A problem with "energy" or a "master problem" is complex, multiple and dramatic or theatrical -everything in the clinical history history make us look into that particular question-. It is what gives us a blow to the stomach, which causes our hearts to beat faster, that moves us on many levels, which has a high "density of emotions", human elements, social symbols, and opens solutions in a patient.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  3 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26727307
[Au] Autor:Couratier P; Corcia P; Lautrette G; Nicol M; Preux PM; Marin B
[Ad] Address:Centre de compétence SLA-fédération Tours-Limoges, CHU de Limoges, 2, avenue Martin-Luther-King, 87000 Limoges, France; Inserm UMR1094, neuroépidémiologie tropicale, université de Limoges, 2, rue du Dr.-Marcland, 87025 Limoges cedex, France. Electronic address: philippe.couratier@unilim.fr....
[Ti] Title:Epidemiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A review of literature.
[So] Source:Rev Neurol (Paris);172(1):37-45, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0035-3787
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease of motor neurons, resulting in worsening weakness of voluntary muscles until death occurs from respiratory failure. The incidence of ALS in European populations is two to three people per year per 100,000 of the general population. In Europe, crude prevalences range from 1.1/100,000 population in Yugoslavia to 8.2/100,000 in the Faroe Islands. Major advances have been made in our understanding of the genetic causes of ALS, whereas the contribution of environmental factors has been more difficult to assess and large-scale studies have not yet revealed a replicable, definitive environmental risk factor. The only established risk factors to date are older age, male gender and a family history of ALS. Median survival time from onset to death is usually 3 years from the first appearance of symptoms. Older age and bulbar onset are consistently reported to have poorer outcomes. However, there are conflicting data regarding gender, diagnostic delay and El Escorial criteria. The rate of symptom progression has been revealed to be an independent prognostic factor. Psychosocial factors and impaired cognitive function are negatively related to ALS outcome, while nutritional status and respiratory function are also related to ALS prognosis. The effect of enteral nutrition on survival is still unclear, although noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) has been found to improve survival. These findings have relevant implications for the design of future trials.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  4 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26718593
[Au] Autor:Leray E; Moreau T; Fromont A; Edan G
[Ad] Address:Biostatistics and Epidemiology Department, EHESP, avenue du Professeur-Léon-Bernard, 35000 Rennes, France....
[Ti] Title:Epidemiology of multiple sclerosis.
[So] Source:Rev Neurol (Paris);172(1):3-13, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0035-3787
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most frequently seen demyelinating disease, with a prevalence that varies considerably, from high levels in North America and Europe (>100/100,000 inhabitants) to low rates in Eastern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa (2/100,000 population). Knowledge of the geographical distribution of the disease and its survival data, and a better understanding of the natural history of the disease, have improved our understanding of the respective roles of endogenous and exogenous causes of MS. Concerning mortality, in a large French cohort of 27,603 patients, there was no difference between MS patients and controls in the first 20 years of the disease, although life expectancy was reduced by 6-7 years in MS patients. In 2004, the prevalence of MS in France was 94.7/100,000 population, according to data from the French National Health Insurance Agency for Salaried Workers (Caisse nationale d'assurance maladie des travailleurs Salariés [CNAM-TS]), which insures 87% of the French population. This prevalence was higher in the North and East of France. In several countries, including France, the gender ratio for MS incidence (women/men) went from 2/1 to 3/1 from the 1950s to the 2000s, but only for the relapsing-remitting form. As for risk factors of MS, the most pertinent environmental factors are infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), especially if it arises after childhood and is symptomatic. The role of smoking in MS risk has been confirmed, but is modest. In contrast, vaccines, stress, traumatic events and allergies have not been identified as risk factors, while the involvement of vitamin D has yet to be confirmed. From a genetic point of view, the association between HLA-DRB1*15:01 and a high risk of MS has been known for decades. More recently, immunogenetic markers have been identified (IL2RA, IL7RA) and, in particular thanks to studies of genome-wide associations, more than 100 genetic variants have been reported. Most of these are involved in the immune response and often associated with other autoimmune diseases. Studies of the natural history of MS suggest it is a two-phase disease: in the first phase, inflammation is focal with flares; and in the second phase, disability progresses independently of focal inflammation. This has clear implications for therapy. Age may also be a key factor in the phenotype of the disease. In conclusion, France is a high-risk country for MS, but it only slightly reduces life expectancy. MS is a multifactorial disease and the implications of immunogenetics are major. Preventative approaches might be derived from knowledge of the risk factors and natural history of the disease (smoking, vitamin D).
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  5 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26302696
[Au] Autor:Braquet P; Mercier G; Reynes J; Jeandel C; Pinzani V; Guilpain P; Rivière S; Le Quellec A
[Ad] Address:Équipe « médecine interne ; maladies multi-organiques ¼, département de médecine interne, CHRU de Saint-Éloi, 80, avenue Augustin-Fliche, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France. Electronic address: pit.braquet@gmail.com....
[Ti] Title:Évaluation de l'apport diagnostique des anorexies sélectives au cours des amaigrissements pathologiques. [Diagnostic value of selective anorexia in pathological weight loss].
[So] Source:Rev Med Interne;37(2):84-90, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1768-3122
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:fre
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: The diagnostic value of selective anorexia is debated. Some authors have suggested an association between meat aversion and cancer, but most do not use it as a diagnostic tool. We aimed to characterize anorexia of different diseases to search for an association between selective aversions and diagnostic groups. METHODS: All the patients admitted to three departments of a teaching hospital were included consecutively for 22months if they had more than 10 % weight loss in less than one year. Patients were excluded if history taking was not reliable, or if they suffered from anorexia nervosa. We compiled diagnoses at discharge and validated them six months later. We used logistic regression to identify independent factors associated with selective anorexia. RESULTS: Inclusion criteria were met in 106patients (female 44 %, median age 65years). Most frequent diagnoses were: cancer (36 %), infection (35 %), digestive diseases (19 %), non organic diseases (21 %). Recent selective anorexia was found in 46 % of the cases. It was significantly associated with female gender (P=0.002), marginally with young age (P=0.069) and long duration of weight loss (P=0.079). Opioid use at admission was negatively associated with selective anorexia (P=0.001). No specific diagnostic category was found to be associated. CONCLUSION: Selective anorexia does not appear to be a useful symptom to investigate pathological weight loss. It behaves more like a non-specific reactivation by current disease of earlier latent personal food aversions.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  6 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26802889
[Au] Autor:Gómez ÁA; Guerrero D; Hani AC; Cañadas R
[Ad] Address:Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bogotá, Colombia....
[Ti] Title:Esofagitis necrotizante aguda (esófago negro) con estenosis compleja secundaria. [Acute necrotizing esophagitis (black esophagus) with secondary severe stenosis].
[So] Source:Rev Gastroenterol Peru;35(4):349-54, 2015 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1609-722X
[Cp] Country of publication:Peru
[La] Language:spa
[Ab] Abstract:We report the case of a 67 years old patient with a history of diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation and chronic renal failure, who developed diabetic ketoacidosis and severe sepsis, later presenting an acute necrotizing esophagitis, and then a esophageal stenosis requiring treatment with self-expanding esophageal prosthesis with good clinical results.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  7 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26707783
[Au] Autor:Marshall DF; Passarotti AM; Ryan KA; Kamali M; Saunders EF; Pester B; McInnis MG; Langenecker SA
[Ad] Address:Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: davimars@med.umich.edu....
[Ti] Title:Deficient inhibitory control as an outcome of childhood trauma.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;235:7-12, 2016 Jan 30.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Childhood trauma has been linked to the development and severity of psychiatric disorders as well as deficits in cognitive functioning. This study aimed to investigate the performance of bipolar disorder (BD) patients and healthy controls (HC), with or without a history of childhood trauma, on a parametric Go/No-Go (PGNG) task measuring important aspects of executive functions, namely attention and inhibitory control. Two hundred and thirty-three individuals with BD and 90 HC completed diagnostic interview, childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ), symptom severity scales, and a PGNG task. Four comparison groups were created using a 1.0 standard deviation cut-off of the mean of the HC total CTQ score: BD-trauma, BD-normative, HC-trauma and HC-normative. We assessed interactions between diagnosis and trauma on Go/No-Go levels of interest by using a two-way multivariate analysis of covariance. Results showed a significant main effect of trauma on inhibitory control accuracy, as the trauma group exhibited significantly poorer accuracy on inhibition trials compared to the normative group. There was also a main effect of diagnosis on response time. These findings suggest that early trauma might adversely impact the development of cognitive systems and brain circuits that support inhibitory aspects of executive functioning in individuals with a history of trauma.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  8 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26687110
[Au] Autor:Brown LA; LeBeau R; Liao B; Niles AN; Glenn D; Craske MG
[Ad] Address:Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA....
[Ti] Title:A comparison of the nature and correlates of panic attacks in the context of Panic Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;235:69-76, 2016 Jan 30.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:UNLABELLED: Panic attacks occurring outside of Panic Disorder are not well-understood despite their inclusion as a diagnostic specifier in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study compares panic attacks in the context of Panic Disorder compared to social anxiety in terms of their symptom frequency, severity, and clinical correlates. METHOD: Participants (n=404) were interviewed using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule (ADIS-IV-L; Brown et al., 1994), from which we analyzed interviewer ratings of panic attacks and panic attack symptoms, as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Panic attacks in the context of Panic Disorder were characterized by a greater number and severity of symptoms compared to panic attacks in the context of Social Anxiety Disorder, and were associated with a history of traumatization, inpatient psychiatric treatment, and benzodiazepine use. Social anxiety panic attacks were associated with reduced physical health concerns. Cognitive panic attack symptoms were more prevalent in Panic Disorder and were associated with a variety of poor clinical correlates. CONCLUSIONS: Panic attacks in the context of Panic Disorder are more severe than those in social anxiety, and this may be driven by cognitive disturbances during those attacks.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  9 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26639650
[Au] Autor:Aker M; Bø R; Harmer C; Stiles TC; Landrø NI
[Ad] Address:Clinical Neuroscience Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: martin.aker@psykologi.uio.no....
[Ti] Title:Inhibition and response to error in remitted major depression.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;235:116-22, 2016 Jan 30.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Depression is a common illness which tends to have a relapsing progression. Revealing vulnerability factors is an important step towards improved treatment and prevention. Previous studies of individuals in remission indicate that inhibitory control is more strongly impaired than other cognitive functions. Studies have mostly used Stroop tasks; it is unclear how this population performs on other measures of inhibition. Abnormal reactions to errors may also promote depression relapse, but this has rarely been studied in remitted depression. We used a Stop Signal task and Stroop inhibition task to investigate inhibitory function and post-error reaction time adjustments in 54 individuals with a history of depression and 185 never-depressed controls. Inhibitory processing was slower among the remitted depressed individuals on the Stop Signal task, but no difference was found in Stroop inhibition. The groups were not different on post-error adjustments. This finding extends the understanding of inhibitory deficiency in this population and offers insight into trait markers of depression.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  10 / 788193 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 26739246
[Au] Autor:Bellou V; Belbasis L; Tzoulaki I; Evangelou E; Ioannidis JP
[Ad] Address:Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina Medical School, Ioannina, Greece....
[Ti] Title:Environmental risk factors and Parkinson's disease: An umbrella review of meta-analyses.
[So] Source:Parkinsonism Relat Disord;23:1-9, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5126
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder with complex pathogenesis implicating both environmental and genetic factors. We aimed to summarise the environmental risk factors that have been studied for potential association with Parkinson's disease, assess the presence of diverse biases, and identify the risk factors with the strongest support. METHODS: We searched PubMed from inception to September 18, 2015, to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies that examined associations between environmental factors and Parkinson's disease. For each meta-analysis we estimated the summary effect size by random-effects and fixed-effects models, the 95% confidence interval and the 95% prediction interval. We estimated the between-study heterogeneity expressed by I(2), evidence of small-study effects and evidence of excess significance bias. RESULTS: Overall, 75 unique meta-analyses on different risk factors for Parkinson's disease were examined, covering diverse biomarkers, dietary factors, drugs, medical history or comorbid diseases, exposure to toxic environmental agents and habits. 21 of 75 meta-analyses had results that were significant at p < 0.001 by random-effects. Evidence for an association was convincing (more than 1000 cases, p < 10(-6) by random-effects, not large heterogeneity, 95% prediction interval excluding the null value and absence of hints for small-study effects and excess significance bias) for constipation, and physical activity. CONCLUSION: Many environmental factors have substantial evidence of association with Parkinson's disease, but several, perhaps most, of them may reflect reverse causation, residual confounding, information bias, sponsor conflicts or other caveats.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1601
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


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