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[PMID]: 29524917
[Au] Autor:Cardona M; Lewis ET; Turner RM; Alkhouri H; Asha S; Mackenzie J; Perkins M; Suri S; Holdgate A; Winoto L; Chang CW; Gallego-Luxan B; McCarthy S; Kristensen MR; O'Sullivan M; Skjøt-Arkil H; Ekmann AA; Nygaard HH; Jensen JJ; Jensen RO; Pedersen JL; Breen D; Petersen JA; Jensen BN; Mogensen CB; Hillman K; Brabrand M
[Ad] Address:The Simpson Centre for Health Services Research, South Western Sydney Clinical School, The University of New South Wales, PO Box 6087, UNSW, NSW, 1466 Australia. Electronic address: magnolia.cardona@unsw.edu.au.
[Ti] Title:Efficacy of a tool to predict short-term mortality in older people presenting at emergency departments: Protocol for a multi-centre cohort study.
[So] Source:Arch Gerontol Geriatr;76:169-174, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6976
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Prognostic uncertainty inhibits clinicians from initiating timely end-of-life discussions and advance care planning. This study evaluates the efficacy of the CriSTAL (Criteria for Screening and Triaging to Appropriate aLternative care) checklist in emergency departments. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients aged ≥65 years with any diagnosis admitted via emergency departments in ten hospitals in Australia, Denmark and Ireland. Electronic and paper clinical records will be used to extract risk factors such as nursing home residency, physiological deterioration warranting a rapid response call, personal history of active chronic disease, history of hospitalisations or intensive care unit admission in the past year, evidence of proteinuria or ECG abnormalities, and evidence of frailty to be concurrently measured with Fried Score and Clinical Frailty Scale. Patients or their informal caregivers will be contacted by telephone around three months after initial assessment to ascertain survival, self-reported health, post-discharge frailty and health service utilisation since discharge. Logistic regression and bootstrapping techniques and AUROC curves will be used to test the predictive accuracy of CriSTAL for death within 90 days of admission and in-hospital death. DISCUSSION: The CriSTAL checklist is an objective and practical tool for use in emergency departments among older patients to determine individual probability of death in the short-term. Its validation in this cohort is expected to reduce clinicians' prognostic uncertainty on the time to patients' death and encourage timely end-of-life conversations to support clinical decisions with older frail patients and their families about their imminent or future care choices.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524909
[Au] Autor:Gillet B; Begon M; Diger M; Berger-Vachon C; Rogowski I
[Ad] Address:Univ Lyon-Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Biologie de la Motricité, LIBM EA7424, UFRSTAPS 27-29, Villeurbanne Cedex, France; Laboratoire de simulation et de modélisation du mouvement (S2M), Département de kinésiologie, Université de Montréal, Laval, Canada. Electr
[Ti] Title:Shoulder range of motion and strength in young competitive tennis players with and without history of shoulder problems.
[So] Source:Phys Ther Sport;31:22-28, 2018 Feb 02.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1600
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a history of shoulder problems on the shoulder flexibility and strength in young competitive tennis players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one competitive and asymptomatic tennis players aged between 8 and 15 years old were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of a history of shoulder problems. OUTCOME MEASURES: Glenohumeral joint ranges of motion and the strength of eight shoulder muscles were bilaterally assessed. Five agonist/antagonist muscle strength ratios were also reported. Ranges of motion, strengths and strength ratios were bilaterally compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Players with a history of shoulder problems presented a higher total arc of rotation for both glenohumeral joints (p = 0.02) and a lower external/internal glenohumeral rotator muscle strength ratio (p = 0.02) for both sides. They also presented stronger upper trapezius (p = 0.03) and dominant serratus anterior (p = 0.008) muscles than players without a history of shoulder problems. CONCLUSION: Having a history of shoulder problems may alter the balance between mobility and stability within the shoulder complex suggesting that particular attention should be given to dominant and non-dominant shoulder functions by coaches and clinicians.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  3 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524723
[Au] Autor:Sedrati A; Drizi A; van Herendael B; Djokovic D
[Ad] Address:Independent consultant in Obstetrics & Gynecology, Constantine, Algeria.
[Ti] Title:Hysteroscopic Diagnosis of Omentum Incarceration Subsequent to an Iatrogenic Uterine Perforation.
[So] Source:J Minim Invasive Gynecol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1553-4669
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss the hysteroscopic aspects of incarcerated omentum through uterine perforation caused by previous dilatation and curettage (D&C) for incomplete first-trimester abortion. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Constantine University Hospital, Constantine, Algeria. PATIENT: A 40-year-old, G3P2 patient, with a history of an incomplete first-trimester spontaneous abortion, treated 6 months before by D&C, requiring medical assistance due to moderate, chronic pelvic pain. No other clinical or biological alteration was found. The ultrasound showed intracavitary hyperechogenic formation, infiltrating the myometrium posteriorly. INTERVENTION: Hysteroscopy revealed a fat-like lesion, arousing suspicion of residual trophoblast while differential diagnosis included intramyometrial fat metaplasia as well. A mechanical cold loop resection was initiated. Instrumental manipulation of the mass released yellow drops, probably of lipid nature, subsequently leading to the discovery of an uterine perforation, giving passage to omentum. Histological examination confirmed fat tissue. There was immediate resolution of symptoms. Laparoscopic repair was subsequently performed and consisted of suturing the defect. There were no further complications. MAIN RESULT: Few cases of omentum incarceration in perforated uterus, diagnosed during laparotomy or by magnetic resonance, have previously been reported. To our knowledge, this is the first case revealed through hysteroscopy. CONCLUSION: In women with a history of intracavitary interventions such as D&C, omentum incarceration should be considered when hysteroscopy demonstrates a fat-like formation and yellow droplets released by pressing or mobilizing the formation. Surgeons should be cautious, never using electrosurgery on formations whose origin arouses suspicion.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524720
[Au] Autor:Florian B; Lemée JM; Faguer R; Fournier HD
[Ti] Title:Lessons To be remembered from A Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Mimicking Medulla and High Cervical Cord Glioma.
[So] Source:World Neurosurg;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1878-8769
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: The radiological signs of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (ICDAVFs) are heterogenous. While it is commonly accepted that hyper intense T2 Wedge MRI of the brainstem and cervical cord mainly concern gliomas, it is so far uncommon and probably unknown that ICDAVFs can imitate similar radiological pattern, especially with gadolinium contrast enhancement and cord enlargement. Thus the angiography is poorly documented in the diagnostic work-up. CASE: We report the unusual history of ICDAVFs, revealed by clinical and radiological features that mimicked a medulla or cervical spinal cord glioma. CONCLUSION: This observation provides information on the management of atypical lesions mimicking medulla or cervical cord glioma and arguments for a careful radiological study. Looking for dilated veins around the brainstem and the cord is mandatory in the workup of a supposed infiltrating brainstem or spinal cord lesion, in order to rule out an ICDAVF. Even if the hyperintense T2 images associated with contrast enhancement is in favor of a brainstem or spinal cord glioma, additional cerebral angiography should be mandatory. Moreover, this clinical case highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach including neuroradiologist, oncologist and neurosurgeon.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  5 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524713
[Au] Autor:Aoun SG; Bedros N; El Ahmadieh TY; Kreck J; Mehta N; Al Tamimi M
[Ti] Title:Osteodiscitis of the Lumbar Spine Due To a Migrated Fractured Inferior Vena Cava Filter: Case Report.
[So] Source:World Neurosurg;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1878-8769
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism can be a significant cause of morbidity in the trauma population. Medical and surgical specialties have been pushing the indication for prophylactic filter placement. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 36-year-old man presented with axial lower back pain with a radicular right L2 component after lifting a heavy object. He had a history of penetrating brain trauma 3 years prior, with placement of a prophylactic inferior vena cava filter. His x-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine showed fracture of his filter, with migration of the fractured fragment through the inferior vena cava and into the L2-L3 disc space, and surrounding bony lysis and severe osteodiscitis. He was treated medically with intravenous and then oral antibiotics and improved clinically and radiographically. CONCLUSIONS: Conservative use of filter devices and early retrieval once their indication expires is paramount to avoid unnecessary complications.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524709
[Au] Autor:Wang L; Cai L; Lu S; Qian H; Lawton MT; Shi X
[Ad] Address:Department of Neurosurgery, SanBo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.
[Ti] Title:The History and Evolution of Internal Maxillary Artery Bypass.
[So] Source:World Neurosurg;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1878-8769
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Internal maxillary artery (IMA) bypass has gain momentum in the last 5 years for the treatment of complex cerebrovascular disorders and skull base tumors. However, some issues regarding this treatment modality have been proposed. As one of the most experienced neurosurgical team to perform internal maxillary artery bypass in the world (>100 clinical cases), we reviewed literature in aspects of basic anatomy of maxillary artery with its variations to the lateral pterygoid muscle, initial anastomosis modalities and subsequent exposure techniques in cadaver studies, pre-operative arterial evaluation methods, optimal interposed graft selections and surgical outcome in the management of complex aneurysms, skull base tumors and steno-occlusive disorders.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  7 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524651
[Au] Autor:Il Kim S; De Medeiros BAS; Byun BK; Lee S; Kang JH; Lee B; Farrell BD
[Ad] Address:Museum of Comparative Zoology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address: sikim@g.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Title:West meets east: How do rainforest beetles become circum-Pacific? Evolutionary origin of Callipogon relictus and allied species (Cerambycidae: Prioninae) in the New and Old Worlds.
[So] Source:Mol Phylogenet Evol;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9513
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The longhorn beetle genus Callipogon Audinet-Serville represents a small group of large wood-boring beetles whose distribution pattern exhibits a unique trans-Pacific disjunction between the East Asian temperate rainforest and the tropical rainforest of the Neotropics. To understand the biogeographic history underlying this circum-Pacific disjunct distribution, we reconstructed a molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Prioninae with extensive sampling of Callipogon using multilocus sequence data of 99 prionine and four parandrine samples (ingroups), together with two distant outgroup species. Our sampling of Callipogon includes 18 of the 24 currently accepted species, with complete representation of all species in our focal subgenera. Our phylogenetic analyses confirmed the purported affinity between the Palearctic Callipogon relictus and its Neotropical congeners. Furthermore, based on molecular dating under the fossilized birth-death (FBD) model with comprehensive fossil records and probabilistic ancestral range reconstructions, we estimated the crown group Callipogon to have originated in the Paleocene circa 60 million years ago (Ma) across the Neotropics and Eastern Palearctics. The divergence between the Palearctic C. relictus and its Neotropical congeners is explained as the result of a vicariance event following the demise of boreotropical forest across Beringia at the Eocene-Oligocene boundary. As C. relictus represents the unique relictual species that evidentiates the lineage's expansive ancient distribution, we evaluated its conservation importance through species distribution modelling. Though we estimated a range expansion for C. relictus by 2050, we emphasize a careful implementation of conservation programs towards the protection of primary forest across its current habitats, as the species remains highly vulnerable to habitat disturbance.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  8 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524483
[Au] Autor:Chen L; Li Y; Zhang F; Zhang S; Zhou X; Ji L
[Ad] Address:Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peking University People's Hospital, the 11th south street, Xicheng, Beijing, China. Electronic address: chenling19841227@163.com.
[Ti] Title:Elevated serum ferritin concentration is associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese population: A prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:Diabetes Res Clin Pract;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8227
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the association between serum ferritin levels and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus risk in a Chinese population. METHODS: This cohort study assessed 2,225 Chinese individuals aged 25-75 years. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed using the 1999 World Health Organization definition with a median follow-up period of 20 months. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for incident diabetes when serum ferritin concentrations increased by one standard deviation. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 112 cases (62 men and 50 women) of type 2 diabetes mellitus were identified. Baseline serum ferritin levels were higher in the diabetes than the non-diabetes group. After adjusting for age, body mass index, waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine transaminase and triglyceride levels, family history of diabetes mellitus, pork meat consumption, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, education, and annual household income, the hazard ratios for incident diabetes corresponding to one standard deviation increase in serum ferritin levels were 1.17 (95% CI 1.03, 1.34), 1.20 (95% CI 1.003, 1.43), and 1.03 (95% CI 0.82, 1.31) for the total population, men, and women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: High serum ferritin levels were associated with a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus independent of traditional risk factors in the total population and men.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  9 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524354
[Au] Autor:Wu J; Tian X; Liu B; Li C; Hao C
[Ad] Address:Key laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China (mainland).
[Ti] Title:Features and Treatment of Peritoneal Metastases from Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasms of the Pancreas.
[So] Source:Med Sci Monit;24:1449-1456, 2018 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:1643-3750
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) of the pancreas may present widespread peritoneal metastases, but the treatment of this malignancy has not been well described and requires further investigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Four cases of SPN with significant peritoneal metastases in our department were operated and retrospectively summarized after long-term follow-up. Eight more cases of peritoneal metastatic SPN from the PubMed database were also included in the analysis. RESULTS Peritoneal metastases of SPNs have different gross features. The benign nodules were tenacious and well encapsulated, while the malignant nodules were soft and prone to slow bleeding. However, neither of these nodules invaded the small intestines or mesentery. Of the 12 disseminated cases, 7 had history of primary tumor rupture, whereas the others had tumors malignant in nature. A total of 14 surgical events were documented, including 3 complete cytoreductive surgeries (CCRS), 9 cytoreductive surgeries (CRS), and 2 debulking surgeries. After follow-up ranging from 0.3 to 6.1 years, the results of the Fisher's exact test showed no difference between CCRS and CRS in treating either low-grade or high-grade malignant SPNs (P=0.257 and P=0.203, respectively). For all cases of SPN with peritoneal metastases, the CCRS procedure could significantly improve tumor-free survival (TFS) compared to the CRS procedure (P=0.046). CONCLUSIONS SPN rupture could cause significant peritoneal metastases, and either disruption or biopsy of these lesions should be avoided. Peritoneal metastases from SPNs vary both in gross features and biological mechanisms. CCRS may offer optimal therapeutic outcomes and longer TFS for individuals with significant peritoneal metastases of SPNs.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:In-Process

  10 / 942840 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29520386
[Au] Autor:Ryu HY; Lee YK; Park J; Son H; Cho SY
[Ad] Address:Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Title:Dietary risk factors for urolithiasis in Korea: A case-control pilot study.
[So] Source:Investig Clin Urol;59(2):106-111, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2466-054X
[Cp] Country of publication:Korea (South)
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Purpose: Dietary factors are one of the main causes of urolithiasis. However, little research has evaluated dietary factors related to urolithiasis in Korea. We investigated the various dietary risk factors for urinary stone formation in Korean people. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective case-control pilot study. A total of 27 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis and 20 applicants without urolithiasis were designated as the patients and the control group, respectively. A face-to-face survey was carried out using a food-frequency questionnaire. After adjustment for physical activity level and total energy intake, multivariate logistic regression models were applied to search for risk factors for urolithiasis. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in gender, age, body mass index, family history, or total energy intake. The physical activity level of the control group was significantly higher than that of the patients (p=0.012). The results of the multivariate logistic regression model demonstrated that intake of carbohydrate (odds ratio [OR], 1.055; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.012-1.099), protein (OR, 1.101; 95% CI, 1.001-1.211), and cereals (OR, 1.012; 95% CI, 1.002-1.023) could increase the risk for urolithiasis. Conclusions: A higher intake of carbohydrate, protein, and cereal may increase the risk of urinary stone formation among Korean people.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180311
[Lr] Last revision date:180311
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.4111/icu.2018.59.2.106


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