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[PMID]: 25152676
[Au] Autor:Luz FA; Gonçalves GL; Moreira GR; Becker VO
[Ad] Address:PPG Ecologia, Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, Porto Alegre, RS, 91501-970, Brazil....
[Ti] Title:Three new cecidogenous species of Palaeomystella Fletcher (Lepidoptera, Momphidae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest.
[So] Source:Zookeys;(433):97-127, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1313-2989
[Cp] Country of publication:Bulgaria
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Three new cecidogenous species of Palaeomystella Fletcher (Lepidoptera, Momphidae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest are described. Larvae of P. fernandesi Moreira & Becker, sp. n., P. rosaemariae Moreira & Becker, sp. n. and P. tavaresi Becker & Moreira, sp. n. induce galls, respectively, on Tibouchina sellowiana (Cham.) Cogn., T. asperior (Cham.) Cogn. and T. fissinervia (Schrank & Mart. ex DC.) Cogn. (Melastomataceae). Adults, immature stages and galls are illustrated, and data on life history and a preliminary analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences, including related species, are also provided.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140825
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3897/zookeys.433.7379

  2 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25152673
[Au] Autor:Svenson GJ
[Ad] Address:Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States of America.
[Ti] Title:The type material of Mantodea (praying mantises) deposited in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, USA.
[So] Source:Zookeys;(433):31-75, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1313-2989
[Cp] Country of publication:Bulgaria
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The collection of Mantodea of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes 26 holotypes, 7 allotypes, 4 lectotypes, 23 paratypes, and 1 paralectotype. Four type specimens were designated as lectotypes within this work. Highly accurate measurement data, high resolution images of specimens and labels, verbatim label data, georeferenced coordinates, original and newly assigned database codes, and bibliographic data are presented for all primary types. Label data for all paratype specimens in the collection are provide in tabular form. The location of the USNM collection has been moved to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History as a loan under the Off-site Enhancement Program.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140825
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3897/zookeys.433.7054

  3 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25152669
[Au] Autor:Ding H; Shih C; Bashkuev A; Zhao Y; Ren D
[Ad] Address:Key Lab of Insect Evolution and Environmental Change, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Beijing 100048, China....
[Ti] Title:The earliest fossil record of Panorpidae (Mecoptera) from the Middle Jurassic of China.
[So] Source:Zookeys;(431):79-92, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1313-2989
[Cp] Country of publication:Bulgaria
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The early history of Panorpidae (Mecoptera) is poorly known due to sparse fossil records. Up to date, only nine fossil species have been described, all from the Paleogene, except the Early Cretaceous Solusipanorpa gibbidorsa Lin, 1980. However, we suggest S. gibbidorsa is too incompletely preserved to permit even family classification. A new genus with two new species, Jurassipanorpa impunctata gen. et sp. n. and Jurassipanorpa sticta sp. n., are described based on four well-preserved specimens from the late Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. These two new species are the earliest fossil records of Panorpidae. The new genus is erected based on a combination of forewing characters: both R1 and Rs1 with two branches, 1A reaching posterior margin of wing distad of the forking of Rs from R1, and no crossveins or only one crossvein between veins of 1A and 2A. In all four specimens, long and robust setae ranging from 0.09 to 0.38 mm in length and pointing anteriorly, are present on anal veins of forewings. The function of these setae is enigmatic.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140825
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3897/zookeys.431.7561

  4 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25152278
[Au] Autor:Tian S; Li C; Song X; Wu F; Chen M; Xiao H; Yang L
[Ad] Address:Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
[Ti] Title:[Evaluation of association of myocardial bridge in the left anterior descending coronary with coronary atherosclerosis (stenosis > 50%) in the segment proximal to the site of bridge on coronary cta in hypertension subjects].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi;94(21):1601-4, 2014 Jun 3.
[Is] ISSN:0376-2491
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether myocardial bridging (MB) is an independent risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis (stenosis > 50%) proximal to MB in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in subjects with hypertension identified by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: From March 2011 to December 2012, Patients with suspected coronary disease underwent CCTA using dual-source CT scanner. The baseline clinical characteristics (age, gender, smoking history, presence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, family history of heart attack and body mass index (BMI) ) and the results of CCTA were reviewed. Two radiologists evaluated the MB and more than 50% coronary atherosclerosis stenosis (CAS) in LAD and made a diagnosis by consensus. Significant independent risk factors for more than 50% CAS were investigated by Logistic regression analysis. All tests were two-tailed, the significance threshold was P value less than 0.05. RESULTS: The study included 9 862 patients, including 5 292 cases of patients with hypertension (MB in LAD 2 139 cases, more than 50% CAS proximal to MB 1 240 cases; no MB in 3 153 cases, more than 50% CAS in counterpart segment proximal to MB 898 cases); 4 570 cases of non-hypertensive patients (MB in LAD 1 043 cases, more than 50% CAS proximal to MB 418; no MB 3 527 cases, more than 50% CAS in counterpart segment proximal to MB 803 cases). After adjusted for clinical data, Logistic regression analysis showed that MB in LAD were significantly associated with CAS proximal to MB in LAD in hypertension and no hypertension subjects (OR, 3.17, 2.02, respectively, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MB in the LAD is an independent risk factor for more than 50% CAS in the proximal LAD in subjects with or without hypertension, and the OR of MB in subjects with hypertension is higher than that of MB in subjects without hypertension.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  5 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25092636
[Au] Autor:Cowling BJ; Chan KH; Feng S; Chan EL; Lo JY; Peiris JS; Chiu SS
[Ad] Address:Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China....
[Ti] Title:The effectiveness of influenza vaccination in preventing hospitalizations in children in Hong Kong, 2009-2013.
[So] Source:Vaccine;32(41):5278-84, 2014 Sep 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2518
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination is widely recommended every year to protect individuals against influenza virus infection and illness. There are few published estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization in children or from subtropical regions. METHODS: We conducted a test-negative year-round study between October 2009 and September 2013, recruiting children 6months to 17years of age admitted to two hospitals in Hong Kong with a febrile acute respiratory infection. Cases were tested for influenza A and B and conditional logistic regression was used to estimate vaccine effectiveness comparing influenza vaccination history of the trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) among patients testing positive versus negative for influenza, adjusting for age and sex and matching by calendar week of recruitment. RESULTS: Overall vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization with laboratory-confirmed influenza A and B was estimated to be 61.7% (95% CI: 43.0%, 74.2%). The estimated vaccine effectiveness against A(H3N2) was 36.6% (95% CI: -25.5%, 67.9%) compared to 71.5% (95% CI: 39.4%, 86.6%) for A(H1N1)pdm09 and 68.8% (95% CI: 41.6%, 83.3%) for B. CONCLUSIONS: Vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization in children varied from year to year, but was moderate to high overall even in an area with influenza activity throughout the year.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  6 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25152706
[Au] Autor:Aoki M; Takao T; Takao K; Koike F; Suganuma N
[Ad] Address:Department of food and nutrition, Sanyo Gakuen College, 1-14-1 Hirai, Naka-ward, Okayama 703-8501, Japan....
[Ti] Title:Lower expressions of the human bitter taste receptor TAS2R in smokers: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis.
[So] Source:Tob Induc Dis;12(1):12, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2070-7266
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that smokers have deficit in detecting taste, particularly bitter taste, no study has investigated its biological correlate. METHODS: In this context, we compared the expression of the bitter taste receptor gene, taste 2 receptor (TAS2R) in the tongues of smokers and non-smokers. Tissue samples were collected from the lateral portion of the tongues of 22 smokers and 22 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers (19 males and three females) with no history of smoking. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the expression of TAS2R in the two groups, and the effect of aging on TAS2R expression was also assessed. RESULTS: TAS2R expression was significantly lower among smokers than non-smokers (t = 6.525, P < .0001, 11.36 ± 6.0 vs. 2.09 ± 2.8, mean ± SD, non-smokers vs. smokers). Further, a positive correlation between age and expression of TAS2R was observed in non-smokers (r = .642, P = .001), but not smokers (r = .124, P = .584). This correlation difference was significant (Z = 1.96, P = .0496). CONCLUSIONS: Smokers showed a significantly lower expression of the bitter taste receptor gene than non-smokers, which is potentially caused by their inability to acquire such receptors with age because of cigarette smoking, in contrast to non-smokers.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Da] Date of entry for processing:140825
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/1617-9625-12-12

  7 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24768750
[Au] Autor:Crighton AH; Wygant DB; Applegate KC; Umlauf RL; Granacher RP
[Ad] Address:Department of Psychology, Kent State University, 800 E. Summit St., Kent, OH 44240, USA....
[Ti] Title:Can brief measures effectively screen for pain and somatic malingering? Examination of the Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire and Pain Disability Index.
[So] Source:Spine J;14(9):2042-50, 2014 Sep 1.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1632
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recent rise in fraudulent disability claims in the United States has resulted in psychologists being increasingly called upon to use psychological tests to determine whether disability claims based on psychological or somatic/pain complaints are legitimate. PURPOSE: To examine two brief measures, Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire (MSPQ) and the Pain Disability Index (PDI), and their ability to screen for malingering in relation to the Bianchini et al. criteria for malingered pain-related disability published in The Spine Journal (2005). STUDY DESIGN: Examined brief self-report measures between litigating and nonlitigating pain samples. PATIENT SAMPLE: We compared 144 disability litigants, predominantly presenting a history of musculoskeletal injuries with psychiatric overlay, with 167 nonlitigating pain patients who were predominantly in treatment for chronic back pain issues and other musculoskeletal conditions. OUTCOME MEASURES: Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire, Pain Disability Index, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form, Test of Memory Malingering, Letter Memory Test, Victoria Symptom Validity Test, Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-second edition, Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders somatoform disorders module. METHODS: We examined a sample of 144 individuals undergoing compensation-seeking evaluations in relation to 167 nonlitigating pain patients. RESULTS: Group differences on both the MSPQ and PDI were calculated, as well as sensitivities, specificities, and positive and negative predictive powers for both measures at selected cutoffs. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that both the MSPQ and PDI are useful to screen for pain malingering in forensic evaluations, especially the MSPQ, which performed the best in differentiating between the groups.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  8 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24456677
[Au] Autor:Carey TW; Shaw KA; Weber ML; DeVine JG
[Ad] Address:Irwin Army Community Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 600 Caisson Hill Rd, Fort Riley, KS 66442....
[Ti] Title:Effect of the degree of reverse Trendelenburg position on intraocular pressure during prone spine surgery: a randomized controlled trial.
[So] Source:Spine J;14(9):2118-26, 2014 Sep 1.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1632
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative vision loss complicates an estimated 1 in 1,100 prone spine surgical cases. This complication has been attributed to ischemic optic neuropathy, with one proposed reason being perioperative elevations in intraocular pressure (IOP). Previous research has studied the effects of table inclination on IOP in awake volunteers; however, the effects in spine surgery patients have not been investigated for reverse Trendelenburg positioning using a prospective, randomized controlled study design. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of table inclination on IOP in patients undergoing prone spine surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Nineteen patients with no history of eye pathology, undergoing prone spine surgery at Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center, were randomly assigned to a table position: neutral, 5°, or 10° of reverse Trendelenburg. OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraocular pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), estimated blood loss, fluid resuscitation, and ophthalmologic complication were assessed before and after induction and at incremental times during surgery, beginning at 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 60-minute increments thereafter. METHODS: Multivariate analyses evaluated surgical time, IOP, MAP, estimated blood loss, and fluid resuscitation as a function of table inclination to determine the effect of patient positioning on identified risk factors for postoperative vision loss. RESULTS: Surgical times ranged from 33 to 325 minutes. A rapid increase in IOP was noted after prone positioning, with continued increases as time elapsed. The neutral group exhibited statistically higher IOP compared with the 5° reverse Trendelenburg group after 60 minutes and the 10° group through 60 minutes of surgery. The trend continued through 120 minutes; however, because of a lack of power, we were unable to determine the statistical significance. There were no statistically significant differences between the 5° and 10° reverse Trendelenburg groups. CONCLUSIONS: Reverse Trendelenburg positioning elicits decreased IOP compared with prone positioning for surgery times less than 120 minutes. Ten degrees of reverse Trendelenburg attenuate the rise in IOP during prone spine surgery superiorly in comparison with 5°. No significant complications were associated with reverse Trendelenburg positioning.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  9 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24333833
[Au] Autor:Daubs MD; Hung M; Adams JR; Patel AA; Lawrence BD; Neese AM; Brodke DS
[Ad] Address:Department of Orthopedics, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. Electronic address: mdaubs@medicine.nevada.edu....
[Ti] Title:Clinical predictors of psychological distress in patients presenting for evaluation of a spinal disorder.
[So] Source:Spine J;14(9):1978-83, 2014 Sep 1.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1632
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychological distress has been shown to adversely affect the treatment outcomes of many spinal disorders. Most physicians do not routinely use psychological screening questionnaires. Additionally, physicians have not performed well when assessing patients for psychological distress while using clinical impression alone. PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical factors that most accurately predict the presence of psychological distress in patients presenting for the evaluation of a spinal disorder. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Three hundred eighty-eight consecutive patients presented for an initial evaluation of a spinal disorder at a tertiary spine clinic. OUTCOME MEASURES: Oswestry disability index (ODI), visual analog scale (VAS), and distress risk assessment method (DRAM). METHODS: Three hundred eighty-eight consecutive patients presenting for the evaluation of a spinal disorder with a completed DRAM, ODI, and VAS were evaluated. The DRAM was used to classify the patients' level of psychological distress. Clinical variables such as history of depression, use of antidepressants, use of other psychotropic medications, history of surgery, and history of chronic pain syndromes along with ODI and VAS scores were used to develop a model to predict a patient's level of psychological distress. RESULTS: Our model was highly accurate (92%), sensitive (92%), and specific (95%) in predicting a patient's level of psychological distress. If patients' VAS is 4 or 5, their ODI is less than 45, and they are not on any psychotropic medications, they likely will fall into the normal group. Patients with a VAS greater than 7, currently taking antidepressants or other psychotropic medications, an ODI greater than 58, and a history of surgery are likely to fall into the higher distressed categories of distressed depressive or distressed somatic. CONCLUSIONS: A patient's clinical history, ODI, and VAS scores can predict their level of psychological distress. In general, patients with higher VAS pain scores, higher ODI scores (>58), and those taking an antidepressant or another psychotropic medication were likely to have high levels of psychological distress. The predictive clinical factors noted in this study are readily available to most physicians treating spinal disorders and may be helpful in improving their ability to detect patients with psychological distress, counseling them on realistic outcomes, and possibly improve their treatment outcomes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  10 / 732900 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 24325881
[Au] Autor:Verwoerd AJ; Peul WC; Willemsen SP; Koes BW; Vleggeert-Lankamp CL; El Barzouhi A; Luijsterburg PA; Verhagen AP
[Ad] Address:Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: j.verwoerd@erasmusmc.nl....
[Ti] Title:Diagnostic accuracy of history taking to assess lumbosacral nerve root compression.
[So] Source:Spine J;14(9):2028-37, 2014 Sep 1.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1632
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The diagnosis of sciatica is primarily based on history and physical examination. Most physical tests used in isolation show poor diagnostic accuracy. Little is known about the diagnostic accuracy of history items. PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of history taking for the presence of lumbosacral nerve root compression or disc herniation on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with sciatica. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional diagnostic study. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 395 adult patients with severe disabling radicular leg pain of 6 to 12 weeks duration were included. OUTCOME MEASURES: Lumbosacral nerve root compression and disc herniation on magnetic resonance imaging were independently assessed by two neuroradiologists and one neurosurgeon blinded to any clinical information. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected in nine hospitals. History was taken according to a standardized protocol. There were no study-specific conflicts of interest. RESULTS: Exploring the diagnostic odds ratio of 20 history items revealed a significant contribution in diagnosing nerve root compression for "male sex," "pain worse in leg than in back," and "a non-sudden onset." A significant contribution to the diagnosis of a herniated disc was found for "body mass index <30," "a non-sudden onset," and "sensory loss." Multivariate logistic regression analysis of six history items pre-selected from the literature (age, gender, pain worse in leg than in back, sensory loss, muscle weakness, and more pain on coughing/sneezing/straining) revealed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.65 (95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.71) for the model diagnosing nerve root compression and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.66 (95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.74) for the model diagnosing disc herniation. CONCLUSIONS: A few history items used in isolation had significant diagnostic value and the diagnostic accuracy of a model with six pre-selected items was poor.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1408
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


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