Database : MEDLINE
Search on : income [Words]
References found : 237111 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 23712 go to page                         

  1 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524872
[Au] Autor:Caetano R; Vaeth PAC; Canino G
[Ad] Address:Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 180 Grand Avenue, Suite 1200, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. Electronic address: raul.caetano@utsouthwestern.edu.
[Ti] Title:Illegal drug use and its correlates in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
[So] Source:Drug Alcohol Depend;185:356-359, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0046
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and correlates of illegal drug use in Puerto Rico are now almost 20 years old. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to estimate the 12-month prevalence of illegal and non-prescribed medical drug use in San Juan, Puerto Rico and identify sociodemographic correlates of use. METHODS: Data are from a random household sample of 1510 individuals, 18-64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of any illegal or non-prescribed drug use was 16.5%. Prevalence among men (20.7%) was higher than among women (12.9%; chi = 16.308; df = 1; p < .01). Prevalence for specific drugs ranged from 11.2% for marijuana to 0.2% for methadone. RESULTS: of the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that male gender (OR = 1.67, 95CI = 1.21-2.3; p < .01), age 18-29 (OR = 2.39; 95CI = 1.35-4.23; p < .01), age 30-39 (OR = 1.93; 95CI = 1.01-3.69; p < .05), low (OR = 2.03; 95CI = 1.36-3.02; p < .001) and medium (OR = 1.50; 95CL = 1.01-2.23; p < .05) family cohesion/pride, and no religious preference (OR = 1.99; 95CI = 1.23-3.22; p < .01) increased the odds of drug use. Annual family income of $40,000-$60,000 (OR = 0.45; 95CI = 0.21-0.93; p < .05) and $60,001 and more (OR = 0.35; 95CI = 0.13-0.94; p > .05) were negatively associated with drug use compared to annual income up to $10,000. CONCLUSIONS: As in many other places in the U.S., drug use in San Juan, Puerto Rico is high, affecting about 1 in 6 adults in the population. The highest prevalence is for marijuana use, which cannot be medically prescribed and of which recreational use is illegal on the island.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524811
[Au] Autor:Acciai F
[Ad] Address:School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 425 N. 5th Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, United States. Electronic address: facciai@asu.edu.
[Ti] Title:The age pattern of social inequalities in health at older ages: are common measures of socio-economic status interchangeable?
[So] Source:Public Health;157:135-141, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Social inequalities in health have been largely documented in social science research. Members of the most disadvantaged groups experience worse health and higher mortality from birth throughout adulthood. However, it is not clear whether this association persists at older ages. Some studies have found a narrowing of the social gradient in health, at least when 'traditional' measures of socio-economic status (SES)-income, education, and occupation-are used. The main goal of the article is to highlight similarities and discrepancies in the age trend of social inequalities in health that arise when multiple measures of SES are considered. STUDY DESIGN: The present study uses a longitudinal sample of over 7000 individuals age 50+ from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe to examine the age trend of social inequalities in health. METHODS: By using growth curve models, individual trajectories of self-rated health and physical functioning were analyzed. SES is measured through wealth, income, and education. RESULTS: The findings show that for both health outcomes, the choice of the indicator of SES is very consequential, as the age trend of social inequalities in health is substantially different for different measures of SES. CONCLUSION: Using multiple measures of SES is recommended, as using only one measure would give only a partial account of the age trend of social inequalities in health. In particular, wealth seems to better capture individual's socio-economic position, as it is able to detect health gradients even where education and income fail to do so.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  3 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524793
[Au] Autor:Brock JM; Lange A; Leonard KL
[Ad] Address:European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and CEPR, One Exchange Square, London EC2A 2JN, United Kingdom. Electronic address: brockm@ebrd.com.
[Ti] Title:Giving and promising gifts: Experimental evidence on reciprocity from the field.
[So] Source:J Health Econ;58:188-201, 2018 Feb 23.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1646
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:We test the value of unconditional non-monetary gifts as a way to improve health worker performance in a low income country health setting. We randomly assigned health workers to different gift treatments within a program that visited health workers, measured performance and encouraged them to provide high quality care for their patients. We show that unconditional non-monetary gifts improve performance by 20 percent over a six-week period, compared to the control group. We compare the impact of the unconditional gift to one in which a gift is offered conditional on meeting a performance target and show that only the unconditional gift results in a statistically significant improvement. This demonstrates that organizations can improve the performance of health workers in the medium term without using financial incentives.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  4 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524752
[Au] Autor:Vancampfort D; Stubbs B; Mugisha J; Firth J; Schuch FB; Koyanagi A
[Ad] Address:KU Leuven Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tervuursevest 101, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven, University Psychiatric Center KU Leuven, Leuvensesteenweg 517, 3070 Kortenberg, Belgium. Electronic address: davy.vancampfort@kuleuven.be.
[Ti] Title:Correlates of sedentary behavior in 2,375 people with depression from 6 low- and middle-income countries.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;234:97-104, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour (SB) is harmful for health and well-being and may be associated with depression. However, little is known about the correlates of SB in people with depression. Thus, we investigated SB correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed. The analysis was restricted to those with DSM-IV Depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months. Self-reported time spent sedentary per day was the outcome. High SB was defined as ≥8 hours of SB per day. The correlates (sociodemographic and health-related) of SB were estimated by multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: In 2375 individuals with depression (mean age=48.0 years; 60.7% female), the prevalence of high SB was 11.1% (95%CI=8.2%-14.9%), while the mean (SD) time spent sedentary was 215 (192) minutes per day. Socio-demographic factors significantly associated with high SB were older age and being unmarried, being male and being unemployed. In other domains, no alcohol consumption, current smoking, mild cognitive impairment, bodily pain, arthritis, stroke, disability, and lower levels of social cohesion, COPD, visual impairment, and poor self-rated health was associated with greater time spent sedentary. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that future interventions seeking to reduce SB among individuals with depression may target at risk groups based on identified sociodemographic correlates while the promotion of social cohesion may have the potential to increase the efficacy of future public health initiatives. From a clinical perspective, bodily pain and somatic co-morbidities need to be taken into account.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  5 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524751
[Au] Autor:Yu W; Singh SS; Calhoun S; Zhang H; Zhao X; Yang F
[Ad] Address:School of Health Management and Education, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Medical Affairs, Pfizer Investment Co., Ltd, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Title:Generalized anxiety disorder in urban China: Prevalence, awareness, and disease burden.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;234:89-96, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:INTRODUCTION: Limited published research has quantified the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) prevalence and its burden in China. This study aimed to fill in the knowledge gap and to evaluate the burden of GAD among adults in urban China. METHODS: This study utilized existing data from the China National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS) 2012-2013. Prevalence of self-reported diagnosed and undiagnosed GAD was estimated. Diagnosed and undiagnosed GAD respondents were compared with non-anxious respondents in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), resource utilization, and work productivity and activity impairment using multivariate generalized linear models. A multivariate logistic model assessed the risk factors for GAD. RESULTS: The prevalence of undiagnosed/diagnosed GAD was 5.3% in urban China with only 0.5% of GAD respondents reporting a diagnosis. Compared with non-anxious respondents, both diagnosed and undiagnosed GAD respondents had significantly lower HRQoL, more work productivity and activity impairment, and greater healthcare resource utilization in the past six months. Age, gender, marital status, income level, insurance status, smoking, drinking and exercise behaviors, and comorbidity burdens were significantly associated with GAD. LIMITATIONS: This was a patient-reported study; data are therefore subject to recall bias. The survey was limited to respondents in urban China; therefore, these results focused on urban China and may be under- or over-estimating GAD prevalence in China. Causal inferences cannot be made given the cross-sectional nature of the study. CONCLUSIONS: GAD may be substantially under-diagnosed in urban China. More healthcare resources should be invested to alleviate the burden of GAD.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524750
[Au] Autor:Araya R; Zitko P; Markkula N; Rai D; Jones K
[Ad] Address:Health Service & Population Research Department, IoPPN, King's College, London, UK. Electronic address: ricardo.araya@kcl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Title:Determinants of access to health care for depression in 49 countries: A multilevel analysis.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;234:80-88, 2018 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: The relative importance of individual and country-level factors influencing access to diagnosis and treatment for depression across the world is fairly unknown. METHODS: We analysed cross-national data from the WHO World Health Surveys. Depression diagnosis and access to health care were ascertained using a structured interview. Logistic Bayesian Multilevel analyses were performed to establish individual and country level factors associated with: (1) receiving a diagnosis and (2) accessing treatment for depression if a diagnosis was ascertained. RESULTS: The sample included 7870 individuals from 49 countries who met ICD-10 criteria for depressive episode in the past 12 months. A third (32%) of these individuals had ever been diagnosed with depression in their lifetime. Among those diagnosed with depression, 66% reported to have ever received treatment for depression. Although individual factors were more important determinants of access to treatment for depression, country-level factors explained 27.6% of the variance in access to diagnosis and 24.1% in access to treatment. Access to treatment for depression improved with increasing country income. Female gender, better education, the presence of physical co-morbidity, more material assets, and living in urban areas were individual level determinants of better access. LIMITATIONS: Data on other contextual factors was not available. Unmet need was likely underestimated, since only lifetime treatment data was available. CONCLUSION: This study highlights major inequalities in access to a diagnosis and treatment of depression. Unlike the prevalence of depression, where contextual factors have shown to have less importance, a significant proportion of the variance in access to depression care was explained by country-level income.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  7 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524483
[Au] Autor:Chen L; Li Y; Zhang F; Zhang S; Zhou X; Ji L
[Ad] Address:Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peking University People's Hospital, the 11th south street, Xicheng, Beijing, China. Electronic address: chenling19841227@163.com.
[Ti] Title:Elevated serum ferritin concentration is associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese population: A prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:Diabetes Res Clin Pract;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8227
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the association between serum ferritin levels and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus risk in a Chinese population. METHODS: This cohort study assessed 2,225 Chinese individuals aged 25-75 years. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed using the 1999 World Health Organization definition with a median follow-up period of 20 months. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for incident diabetes when serum ferritin concentrations increased by one standard deviation. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 112 cases (62 men and 50 women) of type 2 diabetes mellitus were identified. Baseline serum ferritin levels were higher in the diabetes than the non-diabetes group. After adjusting for age, body mass index, waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine transaminase and triglyceride levels, family history of diabetes mellitus, pork meat consumption, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, education, and annual household income, the hazard ratios for incident diabetes corresponding to one standard deviation increase in serum ferritin levels were 1.17 (95% CI 1.03, 1.34), 1.20 (95% CI 1.003, 1.43), and 1.03 (95% CI 0.82, 1.31) for the total population, men, and women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: High serum ferritin levels were associated with a higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus independent of traditional risk factors in the total population and men.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  8 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524481
[Au] Autor:Pilla SJ; Dotimas JR; Maruthur NM; Clark JM; Yeh HC
[Ad] Address:Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.. Electronic address: spilla1@jhmi.edu.
[Ti] Title:Changes in metformin use and other antihyperglycemic therapies after insulin initiation in patients with type 2 diabetes.
[So] Source:Diabetes Res Clin Pract;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8227
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: When patients with type 2 diabetes initiate insulin, metformin should be continued while continuation of other antihyperglycemics has unclear benefit. We aimed to identify practice patterns in antihyperglycemic therapy during the insulin transition, and determine factors associated with metformin continuation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) trial which randomized overweight/obese adults under ambulatory care for type 2 diabetes to an intensive lifestyle intervention or diabetes support and education. Among the 931 participants who initiated insulin over ten years, we described longitudinal changes in antihyperglycemic medications during the insulin transition, and performed multivariable logistic regression to estimate the association between patient characteristics and metformin continuation. RESULTS: Before insulin initiation, 81.0% of patients used multiple antihyperglycemics, the most common being metformin, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones. After insulin initiation, metformin was continued in 80.3% of patients; other antihyperglycemics were continued less often, yet 58.0% of patients were treated with multiple non-insulin antihyperglycemics. Metformin continuation was inversely associated with age (fully adjusted (a) OR 0.60 per 10 years [0.42-0.86]), serum creatinine above safety thresholds (aOR 0.09 [0.02-0.36]), lower income (P=0.025 for trend), taking more medications (aOR 0.92 per medication [0.86-0.98]), and initiating rapid, short, or premixed insulin (aOR 0.59 [0.39-0.89]). CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of patients with type 2 diabetes continue metformin after insulin initiation, consistent with guidelines. Other antihyperglycemics are frequently continued along with insulin, and further research is needed to determine which, if any, patients may benefit from this.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  9 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524378
[Au] Autor:Adams YJ; Smith B
[Ti] Title:Integrative Review of Factors That Affect the Use of Postpartum Care Services in Developing Countries.
[So] Source:J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1552-6909
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect the use of postpartum care services in developing countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Global Health, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched for relevant articles in 2015 and 2016 with no publication date limit imposed. STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria and were assessed for quality with the use of a checklist developed by Fowkes and Fulton (1991) and a checklist developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (2017). DATA EXTRACTION: The integrative review framework of Whittemore and Knafl (2005) guided the conduct of the review. DATA SYNTHESIS: Results were synthesized based on the three delays model of Thaddeus and Maine (1994). Factors that negatively affected women's decisions to seek postpartum care (Phase I delays) included lack of women's autonomy, lack of exposure to mass media, no pregnancy/birth/postpartum complications, lack of awareness of postpartum care, negative provider attitude, lower levels of women's and husbands' education, women's and husbands' farming occupations, increasing number of children, and lower level of household income. Perceived easy access to a health care facility was associated with lesser odds of using postpartum care (Phase II delay). Hospitals, public health care facilities, and long queuing at a health care facility were associated with decreased postpartum care use (Phase III delays). CONCLUSION: The most common determinants of how women used postpartum care were complications and the education levels and occupations of the women and their husbands. Further research is needed to identify health facility and accessibility factors that affect postpartum care use to develop effective interventions to improve the use of postpartum care.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 237111 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29524367
[Au] Autor:Gavurov B; Kovc V; Solts M; Kot S; Majernk J
[Ad] Address:Department of Banking and Investment, Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Kosice, Kosice, Slovak Republic.
[Ti] Title:Income Inequality in Non-communicable Diseases Mortality among the Regions of the Slovak Republic.
[So] Source:Cent Eur J Public Health;25 Suppl 2:S31-S36, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1210-7778
[Cp] Country of publication:Czech Republic
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIM: A great amount of non-communicable disease deaths poses a threat for all people and therefore represents the challenge for health policy makers, health providers and other health or social policy actors. The aim of this study is to analyse regional differences in non-communicable disease mortality in the Slovak Republic, and to quantify the relationship between mortality and economic indicators of the Slovak regions. METHODS: Standardised mortality rates adjusted for age, sex, region, and period were calculated applying direct standardisation methods with the European standard population covering the time span from 2005 to 2013. The impact of income indicators on standardised mortality rates was calculated using the panel regression models. RESULTS: The Bratislava region reaches the lowest values of standardised mortality rate for non-communicable diseases for both sexes. On the other side, the Nitra region has the highest standardised mortality rate for non-communicable diseases. Income quintile ratio has the highest effect on mortality, however, the expected positive impact is not confirmed. Gini coefficient at the 0.001 significance level and social benefits at the 0.01 significance level look like the most influencing variables on the standardised mortality rate. By addition of one percentage point of Gini coefficient, mortality rate increases by 148.19 units. When a share of population receiving social benefits increases by one percentage point, the standardised mortality rate will increase by 22.36 units. CONCLUSIONS: Non-communicable disease mortality together with income inequalities among the regions of the Slovak Republic highlight the importance of economic impact on population health.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.21101/cejph.a4958


page 1 of 23712 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information