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[PMID]: 29524916
[Au] Autor:Lopes H; Mateus C; Rosati N
[Ad] Address:Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: h.lopes@ensp.unl.pt.
[Ti] Title:Impact of long term care and mortality risk in community care and nursing homes populations.
[So] Source:Arch Gerontol Geriatr;76:160-168, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6976
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To identify the survival time, the mortality risk factors and the individuals' characteristics associated with cognitive and physical status at discharge, among the Portuguese long-term care (LTC) populations. SETTINGS: Home-and-Community-Based Services (HCBS) and three types of Nursing Homes (NH). PARTICIPANTS: 20,984 individuals admitted and discharged in 2015. MEASUREMENTS: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to study the mortality risk; the Wilcoxon signed-rank test to identify the number of individuals with cognitive and physical changes between admission and discharge; two cumulative odds ordinal logistic regressions to predict the cognitive and physical dependence levels at discharge RESULTS: The mortality rate at HCBS was 30%, and 17% at the NH, with a median survival time of 173 and 200 days, respectively. The main factors associated with higher mortality were older age, male gender, family/neighbour support, neoplasms and cognitive/physical dependence at admission. In NH/HCBS, 26%/18% of individuals improve their cognitive status, while in physical status the proportion was 38%/27%, respectively. Finally, older age, being illiterate and being classified at the lowest cognitive and physical status at admission decrease the likelihood of achieving a higher level of cognitive and physical independence at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: The adoption of a robust and complete assessment tool, the definition of guidelines to enable a periodical assessment of individuals' autonomy and the adoption of benchmark metrics allowing the comparison of results between similar units are some of the main goals to be taken into account for future developments of this care in Portugal.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524910
[Au] Autor:Lessi GC; Silva RS; Serrão FV
[Ad] Address:Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Comparison of the effects of fatigue on kinematics and muscle activation between men and women after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
[So] Source:Phys Ther Sport;31:29-34, 2018 Feb 05.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1600
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Studies comparing the effects of fatigue between men and women after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of muscle fatigue on trunk, pelvis and lower limb kinematics and on lower limb muscle activation between male and female athletes who underwent ACL reconstruction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen recreational athletes (7 males and 7 females) with unilateral ACL reconstruction participated of this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trunk, pelvis and lower limb kinematics and muscle activation of the vastus lateralis, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus were evaluated during a single-leg drop vertical jump landing before and after a fatigue protocol. RESULTS: Females had greater peak knee abduction after fatigue in relation to before fatigue (P = 0.008), and in relation to men after fatigue (P = 0.011). Also, in females, peak knee abduction was greater in the reconstructed limb in relation to the non-reconstructed limb after fatigue (P = 0.029). Males showed a greater mean amplitude of activation of the vastus lateralis muscle after fatigue in relation to before fatigue (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Muscle fatigue produced kinematic alterations that have been shown to increase the risk for a second ACL injury in female athletes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  3 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524872
[Au] Autor:Caetano R; Vaeth PAC; Canino G
[Ad] Address:Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 180 Grand Avenue, Suite 1200, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. Electronic address: raul.caetano@utsouthwestern.edu.
[Ti] Title:Illegal drug use and its correlates in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
[So] Source:Drug Alcohol Depend;185:356-359, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0046
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and correlates of illegal drug use in Puerto Rico are now almost 20 years old. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to estimate the 12-month prevalence of illegal and non-prescribed medical drug use in San Juan, Puerto Rico and identify sociodemographic correlates of use. METHODS: Data are from a random household sample of 1510 individuals, 18-64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of any illegal or non-prescribed drug use was 16.5%. Prevalence among men (20.7%) was higher than among women (12.9%; chi = 16.308; df = 1; p < .01). Prevalence for specific drugs ranged from 11.2% for marijuana to 0.2% for methadone. RESULTS: of the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that male gender (OR = 1.67, 95CI = 1.21-2.3; p < .01), age 18-29 (OR = 2.39; 95CI = 1.35-4.23; p < .01), age 30-39 (OR = 1.93; 95CI = 1.01-3.69; p < .05), low (OR = 2.03; 95CI = 1.36-3.02; p < .001) and medium (OR = 1.50; 95CL = 1.01-2.23; p < .05) family cohesion/pride, and no religious preference (OR = 1.99; 95CI = 1.23-3.22; p < .01) increased the odds of drug use. Annual family income of $40,000-$60,000 (OR = 0.45; 95CI = 0.21-0.93; p < .05) and $60,001 and more (OR = 0.35; 95CI = 0.13-0.94; p > .05) were negatively associated with drug use compared to annual income up to $10,000. CONCLUSIONS: As in many other places in the U.S., drug use in San Juan, Puerto Rico is high, affecting about 1 in 6 adults in the population. The highest prevalence is for marijuana use, which cannot be medically prescribed and of which recreational use is illegal on the island.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  4 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524863
[Au] Autor:Kasselman LJ; Vernice NA; DeLeon J; Reiss AB
[Ad] Address:Winthrop Research Institute and Department of Medicine, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA. Electronic address: lkasselman@nyuwinthrop.org.
[Ti] Title:The gut microbiome and elevated cardiovascular risk in obesity and autoimmunity.
[So] Source:Atherosclerosis;271:203-213, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1484
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Cardiovascular disease associated with obesity and autoimmunity is the leading cause of death in these populations and significant residual risk remains despite current treatment approaches. Obesity, type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are linked to chronic inflammation, and subjects with these disorders have characteristic shifts in their gut microbiome composition. Recent data suggest that alterations in gut microbial and metabolic composition may be responsible, in part, for induction of chronic inflammation, thus promoting cardiovascular disease. Common microbiome changes observed in obesity, T1DM, RA, and SLE include a decrease in the ratio of bacteria, such as Gram-positive Firmicutes to Gram-negative Bacteroidetes, as well as an overabundance or depletion of certain species, including Prevotella copri. The consequent effects of these shifts include alterations in the metabolic composition of the gut, hyper-activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4), upregulation of inflammatory pathways, e.g. c-Jun N-terminal kinase and nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB), increased intestinal permeability, increased C-reactive protein, and increased levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). Differential microbiome compositions may also explain sex differences observed in autoimmunity, where a male gut microbiome promotes anti-inflammatory processes as compared to a female pro-inflammatory gut microbiome. Intervention at the level of the microbiota appears to attenuate symptoms in these inflammatory syndromes with probiotic treatment, such as Lactobacilli, playing a uniquely beneficial role in restoring intestinal health, decreasing inflammation, and reducing cardiovascular disease. This review will discuss obesity, T1DM, RA, and SLE in the context of how each unique microbiome profile contributes to elevated cardiovascular risk.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  5 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524810
[Au] Autor:Yuan S; Yu HJ; Liu MW; Huang Y; Yang XH; Tang BW; Song Y; Cao ZK; Wu HJ; He QQ; Gasevic D
[Ad] Address:School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, PR China.
[Ti] Title:The association of fruit and vegetable consumption with changes in weight and body mass index in Chinese adults: a cohort study.
[So] Source:Public Health;157:121-126, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Findings regarding the benefits of fruit and vegetables (FV) on weight control are inconsistent and little is known among Chinese populations. Therefore, we examined the relationship between change in FV consumption, weight, and change in body mass index (BMI) among Chinese adults, participants of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two waves of CHNS conducted in 2006 and 2011 were used. Continuous FV consumption increase was considered as the exposure and changes in weight and BMI as outcomes. Change in FV consumption was categorized into quintiles. Analysis of covariance and multiple linear regression models, after controlling for potential confounders such as energy intake, physical activity, and smoking, were used to describe the relationship between change in FV consumption and change in weight and BMI. RESULTS: A total of 4357 participants aged 18-65 years were included in this study. The respective weight and BMI gains in male individuals were 1.81 kg and 0.73 kg/m in the fifth quintile of FV change relative to individuals in the first quintile (3.67 kg for weight gain and 1.48 kg/m for BMI gain). An increase in FV consumption by 100 g was associated with a 211 g weight loss (B = -2.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], -3.34, -0.89, P < 0.001) and a decrease in BMI by 0.94 kg/m (B = -0.94; 95% CI, -1.36, -0.46, P < 0.001) in men; and a 140 g weight loss (B = -0.14; 95% CI, -0.97, 0.69, P = 0.74) and a decrease in BMI by 0.29 kg/m BMI (B = -0.29; 95% CI, -0.63, 0.06, P = 0.11) in women. CONCLUSIONS: Increase in FV consumption was associated with statistically significant weight loss and decrease in BMI among Chinese men, and, although suggested, weight loss among women was not significant. Considering the protective effect of FV on human health, increasing FV consumption in the Chinese population is recommended.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524783
[Au] Autor:Safahani M; Aligholi H; Noorbakhsh F; Djalali M; Pishva H; Mousavi SMM; Alipour F; Gorji A; Koohdani F
[Ad] Address:Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Title:Resveratrol promotes the arcuate nucleus architecture remodeling to produce more anorexigenic neurons in high-fat-diet-fed mice.
[So] Source:Nutrition;50:49-59, 2017 Dec 02.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1244
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Adult hypothalamic neurogenesis has been considered a central regulator of energy balance. Resveratrol (RSV), a natural polyphenol, influences the body fat mass and reduces the amount of adipose tissue. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of RSV on dynamic of hypothalamic neurons in a diet-induced obesity model of mice. METHODS: Apoptosis, neurogenesis, the expression of the main trophic factors, and the fate of newborn cells were evaluated in the hypothalamus of adult male C57 BL/6 J mice fed a normal diet, a high-fat (HF) diet, or an HF diet supplemented with 400 mg/kg RSV (HF + RSV) for 6 wk. RESULTS: The HF diet caused an increase in neuronal apoptosis in the hypothalamus, which coincided with an increase in the number of newborn cells in the arcuate nucleus, suggesting that compensatory mechanisms developed to overcome deleterious effects of the HF diet. Addition of RSV to the HF diet enhanced the production of newborn cells in all studied regions of the hypothalamus. These changes were paralleled by enhancement of the expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor. Interestingly, a considerable proportion of newborn cells expressed neuropeptide Y in the arcuate nucleus of the HF group, and conversely, most of them differentiated to proopiomelanocortin neurons in HF + RSV mice. CONCLUSIONS: Diets rich in fat changed hypothalamic neuronal balance toward orexigenic versus anorexigenic neurons. Administration of RSV to the HF diet reversed this balance toward generation of anorexigenic neurons. These data point to the potential for RSV in regulation of body weight, possibly via modulation of hypothalamic neurogenesis.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  7 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524779
[Au] Autor:Zhang JL; Liu M; Zhang CN; Li EC; Fan MZ; Huang MX
[Ad] Address:Laboratory of Aquatic Environment and Animal Safety, College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan, China. Electronic address: jlzhang@haust.edu.cn.
[Ti] Title:Transcriptomic analyses of tributyltin-induced sexual dimorphisms in rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) brains.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;156:18-24, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The brain of fish displays sexual dimorphisms and exhibits remarkable sexual plasticity throughout their life span. Although reproductive toxicity of tributyltin (TBT) in fish is well documented in fish, it remains unknown whether TBT interrupts sexual dimorphisms of fish brains. In this work, brain transcriptomic profiles of rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) was characterized and sex-biased genes were identified using RNA sequencing. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis were performed to reveal differences of gene products and pathways between the brains of male and female fish. Furthermore, transcriptomic responses of male and female brains to TBT at 10 ng/L were also investigated to understand effects of TBT on brain sexual dimorphisms. Only 345 male-biased and 273 female-biased genes were found in the brains. However, significant female-biased pathways of circadian rhythm and phototransduction were identified in the brains by enrichment analysis. Interestingly, following TBT exposure in the female fish, the circadian rhythm pathway was significantly disrupted based on enrichment analysis, while in the male fish, the phototransduction pathway was significantly disrupted. In the female fish, expression of genes (Per, Cry, Rev-Erb α, Ror, Dec and CK1δ/ε) in the circadian rhythm pathway was down-regulated after TBT exposure; while in the male fish, expression of genes (Rec, GNAT1_2, GNGT1, Rh/opsin, PDE and Arr) in the phototransduction pathway was up-regulated after TBT exposure. Overall, our results not only provide key data on the molecular basis of brain sexual dimorphisms in fish, but also offer valuable resources for investigating molecular mechanisms by which environmental chemicals might influence brain sexual plasticity.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  8 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524767
[Au] Autor:Bose N; Carlberg K; Sensabaugh G; Erlich H; Calloway C
[Ad] Address:Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr. Way, Oakland, CA 94609, United States; University of California, Davis, Forensic Science Graduate Program, 1909 Galileo Ct. Ste. B, Davis CA 95618, United States.
[Ti] Title:Target capture enrichment of nuclear SNP markers for massively parallel sequencing of degraded and mixed samples.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Int Genet;34:186-196, 2018 Feb 04.
[Is] ISSN:1878-0326
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:DNA from biological forensic samples can be highly fragmented and present in limited quantity. When DNA is highly fragmented, conventional PCR based Short Tandem Repeat (STR) analysis may fail as primer binding sites may not be present on a single template molecule. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) can serve as an alternative type of genetic marker for analysis of degraded samples because the targeted variation is a single base. However, conventional PCR based SNP analysis methods still require intact primer binding sites for target amplification. Recently, probe capture methods for targeted enrichment have shown success in recovering degraded DNA as well as DNA from ancient bone samples using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. The goal of this study was to design and test a probe capture assay targeting forensically relevant nuclear SNP markers for clonal and massively parallel sequencing (MPS) of degraded and limited DNA samples as well as mixtures. A set of 411 polymorphic markers totaling 451 nuclear SNPs (375 SNPs and 36 microhaplotype markers) was selected for the custom probe capture panel. The SNP markers were selected for a broad range of forensic applications including human individual identification, kinship, and lineage analysis as well as for mixture analysis. Performance of the custom SNP probe capture NGS assay was characterized by analyzing read depth and heterozygote allele balance across 15 samples at 25 ng input DNA. Performance thresholds were established based on read depth ≥500X and heterozygote allele balance within ±10% deviation from 50:50, which was observed for 426 out of 451 SNPs. These 426 SNPs were analyzed in size selected samples (at ≤75 bp, ≤100 bp, ≤150 bp, ≤200 bp, and ≤250 bp) as well as mock degraded samples fragmented to an average of 150 bp. Samples selected for ≤75 bp exhibited 99-100% reportable SNPs across varied DNA amounts and as low as 0.5 ng. Mock degraded samples at 1 ng and 10 ng exhibited >90% reportable SNPs. Finally, two-person male-male mixtures were tested at 10 ng in contributor varying ratios. Overall, 85-100% of alleles unique to the minor contributor were observed at all mixture ratios. Results from these studies using the SNP probe capture NGS system demonstrates proof of concept for application to forensically relevant degraded and mixed DNA samples.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  9 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524763
[Au] Autor:Atsak P; Morena M; Schoenmaker C; Tabak E; Oomen CA; Jamil S; Hill MN; Roozendaal B
[Ad] Address:Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Radboud University Medical Center, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, 6525 EN Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: PirayAtsak@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid uncoupling mediates fear suppression deficits after early - Life stress.
[So] Source:Psychoneuroendocrinology;91:41-49, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3360
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Early-life stress (ELS) creates life-long vulnerability to stress-related anxiety disorders through altering stress and fear systems in the brain. The endocannabinoid system has emerged as an important regulator of the stress response through a crosstalk with the glucocorticoid system, yet whether it plays a role in the persistent effects of ELS remains unanswered. By combining, behavioral, pharmacological and biochemical approaches in adult male rats, we examined the impact of ELS on the regulation of endocannabinoid function by stress and glucocorticoids. We employed a postnatal limited-nesting/bedding induced ELS between postnatal days 2-9 in rats. Exposure to postnatal ELS compromised the ability of both acute stress and glucocorticoid administration to mobilize the endocannabinoid ligand 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) in the hippocampus of adult male rats. These findings suggest that ELS compromises the coupling of the glucocorticoid and endocannabinoid systems in the hippocampus. Since 2-AG signaling is essential in mediating glucocorticoid-induced suppression of fear recall, we further examined the impact of ELS on the ability of glucocorticoids to suppress fear memory recall. While ELS did not affect normative fear recall, it impaired the ability of glucocorticoids to dampen fear recall. Notably, bypassing glucocorticoids and directly amplifying hippocampal 2-AG signaling with a monoacyl glycerol lipase inhibitor produced a suppression of fear memory recall in animals exposed to ELS. These findings suggest that ELS results in an uncoupling of glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus, which, in turn, relates to alterations in stress regulation of memory recall. These data provide compelling evidence that ELS-induced deficits in the glucocorticoid-endocannabinoid coupling following stress could predispose susceptibility to stress-related psychopathology.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  10 / 8190224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29524752
[Au] Autor:Vancampfort D; Stubbs B; Mugisha J; Firth J; Schuch FB; Koyanagi A
[Ad] Address:KU Leuven Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tervuursevest 101, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; KU Leuven, University Psychiatric Center KU Leuven, Leuvensesteenweg 517, 3070 Kortenberg, Belgium. Electronic address: davy.vancampfort@kuleuven.be.
[Ti] Title:Correlates of sedentary behavior in 2,375 people with depression from 6 low- and middle-income countries.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;234:97-104, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour (SB) is harmful for health and well-being and may be associated with depression. However, little is known about the correlates of SB in people with depression. Thus, we investigated SB correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in six low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed. The analysis was restricted to those with DSM-IV Depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months. Self-reported time spent sedentary per day was the outcome. High SB was defined as ≥8 hours of SB per day. The correlates (sociodemographic and health-related) of SB were estimated by multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: In 2375 individuals with depression (mean age=48.0 years; 60.7% female), the prevalence of high SB was 11.1% (95%CI=8.2%-14.9%), while the mean (±SD) time spent sedentary was 215 (±192) minutes per day. Socio-demographic factors significantly associated with high SB were older age and being unmarried, being male and being unemployed. In other domains, no alcohol consumption, current smoking, mild cognitive impairment, bodily pain, arthritis, stroke, disability, and lower levels of social cohesion, COPD, visual impairment, and poor self-rated health was associated with greater time spent sedentary. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that future interventions seeking to reduce SB among individuals with depression may target at risk groups based on identified sociodemographic correlates while the promotion of social cohesion may have the potential to increase the efficacy of future public health initiatives. From a clinical perspective, bodily pain and somatic co-morbidities need to be taken into account.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher


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