Database : MEDLINE
Search on : nerve and compression and syndromes [Words]
References found : 18420 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 1842 go to page                         

  1 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29480857
[Au] Autor:Shi M; Qi H; Ding H; Chen F; Xin Z; Zhao Q; Guan S; Shi H
[Ad] Address:Department of Ultrasound, Qianfoshan Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan.
[Ti] Title:Electrophysiological examination and high frequency ultrasonography for diagnosis of radial nerve torsion and compression.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(2):e9587, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This study aims to evaluate the value of electrophysiological examination and high frequency ultrasonography in the differential diagnosis of radial nerve torsion and radial nerve compression.Patients with radial nerve torsion (n = 14) and radial nerve compression (n = 14) were enrolled. The results of neurophysiological and high frequency ultrasonography were compared.Electrophysiological examination and high-frequency ultrasonography had a high diagnostic rate for both diseases with consistent results. Of the 28 patients, 23 were positive for electrophysiological examination, showing decreased amplitude and decreased conduction velocity of radial nerve; however, electrophysiological examination cannot distinguish torsion from compression. A total of 27 cases showed positive in ultrasound examinations among all 28 cases. On ultrasound images, the nerve was thinned at torsion site whereas thickened at the distal ends of torsion. The diameter and cross-sectional area of torsion or compression determined the nerve damage, and ultrasound could locate the nerve injury site and measure the length of the nerve.Electrophysiological examination and high-frequency ultrasonography can diagnose radial neuropathy, with electrophysiological examination reflecting the neurological function, and high-frequency ultrasound differentiating nerve torsion from compression.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Electrodiagnosis
Nerve Compression Syndromes/diagnosis
Radial Nerve/diagnostic imaging
Radial Nerve/physiopathology
Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis
Ultrasonography
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adolescent
Adult
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Male
Nerve Compression Syndromes/physiopathology
Nerve Compression Syndromes/surgery
Neural Conduction
Radial Nerve/surgery
Radial Neuropathy/physiopathology
Radial Neuropathy/surgery
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180305
[Lr] Last revision date:180305
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009587

  2 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29169594
[Au] Autor:Pope D; Tang P
[Ad] Address:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Allegheny General Hospital, 1307 Federal Street, Federal North Building, 2nd Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA.
[Ti] Title:Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Distal Radius Fractures.
[So] Source:Hand Clin;34(1):27-32, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1558-1969
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) after distal radius fractures can present in 3 forms: acute, transient, and delayed. Acute CTS requires an emergent carpal tunnel release. Many patients with transient CTS after distal radius fracture do not require surgical release of the carpal tunnel once the fracture is repaired. Prophylactic carpal tunnel release in the absence of signs and symptoms of CTS after a distal radius fracture is not indicated. For patients with delayed CTS after a distal radius fracture, all possible causes of nerve compression should be considered and addressed in standard fashion.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/etiology
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery
Radius Fractures/complications
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis
Decompression, Surgical
Humans
Orthopedic Procedures
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180303
[Lr] Last revision date:180303
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171125
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  3 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 28468657
[Au] Autor:Pei JP; Fan LH; Nan K; Li J; Dang XQ; Wang KZ
[Ad] Address:Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 157 Xiwu Road, Xi'an, 710004, Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Title:HSYA alleviates secondary neuronal death through attenuating oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and neural apoptosis in SD rat spinal cord compression injury.
[So] Source:J Neuroinflammation;14(1):97, 2017 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:1742-2094
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is a major active component of yellow pigment extracted from safflowers; this compound possesses potent neuroprotective effects both in vitro and in vivo. However, underlying mechanism of HSYA is not fully elucidated. The present study investigated the protective effects of HSYA in rat spinal cord compression injury model and related mechanisms involved. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided as Sham, Control, and HSYA groups (n = 30 per group). Spinal cord injury (SCI) model was induced by application of vascular clips (force of 50g, 1min) to the dura at T9-T10 level of vertebra. Injured animals were administered with either HSYA (8mg/kg at 1 and 6h after injury, then 14 mg/kg, for a total of 7days at 24-h time intervals) or equal volume of saline by intraperitoneal injection. RESULTS: From this experiment, we discovered that SCI in rats resulted in severe trauma, which is characterized by tissue damage, lipid peroxidation, neutrophil infiltration, inflammation mediator release, and neuronal apoptosis. However, HSYA treatment significantly reduced the following: (1) degree of tissue injury (histological score) and edema; (2) neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase activity); (3) oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, and nitric oxide); (4) pro-inflammatory cytokine expression (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2); (5) nuclear factor-κB activation; (6) apoptosis (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining and cysteine-aspartic protease-3 activity). Moreover, in a separate set of experiments, we clearly demonstrated that HSYA treatment significantly ameliorated recovery of limb function (as evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan behavioral recovery scores). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with HSYA restrains development of oxidative stress, inflammation response, and apoptotic events associated with SCI of rats, demonstrating that HSYA is a potential neuroprotectant for human SCI therapy.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Apoptosis/physiology
Chalcone/analogs & derivatives
Inflammation Mediators/metabolism
Neurons/metabolism
Oxidative Stress/physiology
Quinones/therapeutic use
Spinal Cord Compression/metabolism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Apoptosis/drug effects
Cell Death/drug effects
Cell Death/physiology
Chalcone/pharmacology
Chalcone/therapeutic use
Inflammation Mediators/antagonists & inhibitors
Male
Neurons/drug effects
Neurons/pathology
Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Pigments, Biological/pharmacology
Pigments, Biological/therapeutic use
Quinones/pharmacology
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Spinal Cord Compression/drug therapy
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Inflammation Mediators); 0 (Pigments, Biological); 0 (Quinones); 146087-19-6 (hydroxysafflor yellow A); 5S5A2Q39HX (Chalcone)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180302
[Lr] Last revision date:180302
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12974-017-0870-1

  4 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29411633
[Au] Autor:Hussein N; Haqzad Y; Lodhia J; Begum S; Cowen M
[Ad] Address:Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, UK.
[Ti] Title:Harlequin syndrome following upper lobectomy.
[So] Source:Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann;26(3):234-235, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1816-5370
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:A 58-year-old women developed unilateral facial flushing and sweating on the left side of her face immediately after a right thoracotomy upper lobectomy and paravertebral block. She was diagnosed with Harlequin syndrome in the absence of any other neurological signs or symptoms. She had recovered completely from this episode on follow-up.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180301
[Lr] Last revision date:180301
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1177/0218492318759347

  5 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29482826
[Au] Autor:Monie AP; Price RI; Lind CRP; Singer KP
[Ad] Address:The Centre for Musculoskeletal Studies, School of Surgery, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: aubrey.monie@research.uwa.edu.au.
[Ti] Title:Change in Low Back Movement Patterns After Neurosurgical Intervention for Lumbar Spondylosis.
[So] Source:J Manipulative Physiol Ther;41(2):111-122, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1532-6586
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of computer-aided combined movement examination (CME) to measure change in low back movement after neurosurgical intervention for lumbar spondylosis and to use a CME normal reference range (NRR) to compare and contrast movement patterns identified from lumbar disk disease, disk protrusion, and nerve root compression cases. METHODS: A test-retest, cohort observational study was conducted. Computer-aided CME was used to record lumbar range of motion in 18 patients, along with pain, stiffness, disability, and health self-report questionnaires. A minimal clinically important difference of 30% was used to interpret meaningful change in self-reports. z Scores were used to compare CME. Post hoc observation included subgrouping cases into 3 discrete pathologic conditions-disk disease, disk protrusion, and nerve root compression-to report intergroup differences in CME. RESULTS: Self-report data indicated that 11, 7, and 10 patients improved by ≥30% in pain, stiffness, and function, respectively. Three patients experienced clinically significant improvement in health survey. A CME pattern reduced in all directions suggested disk disease. Unilaterally restricted movement in side-flexed or extended directions suggested posterolateral disk protrusion with or without ipsilateral nerve root compression. Bilateral restrictions in extension suggested posterior disk protrusion with or without nerve root compression. In 11 of the 18 cases, CME converged toward the NRR after surgery. CONCLUSION: We described the use of CME to identify atypical lumbar movement relative to an NRR. Data from this short-term postoperative study provide preliminary evidence for CME movement patterns suggestive of disk disease, disk protrusion, and nerve root compression.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  6 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29252737
[Au] Autor:Lee WY; Hwang DS; Kang C; Zheng L
[Ad] Address:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea.
[Ti] Title:Entrapment Neuropathy of the Sciatic Nerve Caused by a Paralabral Cyst: Three Cases Treated Arthroscopically: A Case Report.
[So] Source:JBJS Case Connect;6(4):e82, 2016 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:2160-3251
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:CASE: Three patients with sciatica were referred to our outpatient clinic between 2007 and 2012. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hip showed compression of the sciatic nerve by a perineural cyst arising from a paralabral cyst. All 3 patients underwent arthroscopic decompression. Upon follow-up, the mean visual analog scale scores for pain had improved from 7.3 to 0.3. MRI showed no evidence of recurrence of the cyst in any of the patients. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic treatment for entrapment neuropathy of the sciatic nerve caused by a paralabral cyst was effective for improving symptoms; at the final follow-up, none of the patients had experienced recurrence of the cyst.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Cysts/complications
Nerve Compression Syndromes/etiology
Sciatica/etiology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Arthroscopy
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nerve Compression Syndromes/surgery
Sciatica/surgery
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180216
[Lr] Last revision date:180216
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2106/JBJS.CC.16.00064

  7 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29388461
[Au] Autor:Samoila G; Twine CP; Williams IM
[Ad] Address:Cardiff and Vale University Health Board , UK.
[Ti] Title:The infraclavicular approach for Paget-Schroetter syndrome.
[So] Source:Ann R Coll Surg Engl;100(2):83-91, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1478-7083
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction Paget-Schroetter syndrome is a rare effort thrombosis of the axillary-subclavian vein, mainly occurring in young male patients. Current management involves immediate catheter directed thrombolysis, followed by surgical decompression of the subclavian vein. This has been invariably performed using a transaxillary or supraclavicular approach. However, the subclavian vein crosses the first rib anteriorly just behind the manubrium and can also be accessed via an infraclavicular incision. Methods MEDLINE and Embase™ were searched for all studies on outcomes in patients undergoing infraclavicular first rib resection for treatment of Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Measured outcomes included freedom from reintervention, secondary patency and symptom resolution. Studies on neurogenic, arterial and iatrogenic venous thoracic outlet syndrome were not included. Findings Six studies (involving 268 patients) were eligible. The overall secondary venous patency rate was 98.5%. There was freedom from reintervention in 89.9% of cases and among those patients with reocclusion, 84.0% had chronic thrombosis (symptom duration >14 days), with 76.2% having a venous segment stenosis of >2cm. Only 3 of the 27 patients remained occluded despite reintervention. The infraclavicular approach provides excellent exposure to the subclavian vein and allows reconstruction when required. Moreover, this approach enables complete resection of the extrinsic compression that precipitated the initial thrombotic event, with excellent long-term patency rates. In conclusion, the infraclavicular route may have significant advantages compared with the transaxillary or supraclavicular approaches for successful and durable treatment of Paget-Schroetter syndrome.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Decompression, Surgical/methods
Subclavian Vein/surgery
Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/surgery
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Female
Humans
Male
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/surgery
Thrombolytic Therapy/methods
Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis/diagnosis
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180209
[Lr] Last revision date:180209
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1308/rcsann.2017.0154

  8 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
SciELO Brazil full text

[PMID]: 29236827
[Au] Autor:Martins RS; Siqueira MG
[Ad] Address:Universidade de So Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Unidade de Cirurgia do Nervo Perifrico, Diviso de Neurocirurgia Funcional, Instituto de Psiquiatria, So Paulo SP Brasil.
[Ti] Title:Conservative therapeutic management of carpal tunnel syndrome.
[So] Source:Arq Neuropsiquiatr;75(11):819-824, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4227
[Cp] Country of publication:Brazil
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most prevalent nerve compression and can be clinically or surgically treated. In most cases, the first therapeutic alternative is conservative treatment but there is still much controversy regarding the most effective modality of this treatment. In this study, we critically evaluated the options of conservative treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome, aiming to guide the reader through the conventional options used in this therapy.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Humans
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180129
[Lr] Last revision date:180129
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  9 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29343249
[Au] Autor:Cai WL; Huang WD; Li B; Chen TR; Li ZX; Zhao CL; Li HY; Wu YM; Yan WJ; Xiao JR
[Ad] Address:Department of Musculoskeletal Tumor, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, 270 Dong An Road, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Title:microRNA-124 inhibits bone metastasis of breast cancer by repressing Interleukin-11.
[So] Source:Mol Cancer;17(1):9, 2018 Jan 17.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4598
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Most patients with breast cancer in advanced stages of the disease suffer from bone metastases which lead to fractures and nerve compression syndromes. microRNA dysregulation is an important event in the metastases of breast cancer to bone. microRNA-124 (miR-124) has been proved to inhibit cancer progression, whereas its effect on bone metastases of breast cancer has not been reported. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role and underlying mechanism of miR-124 in bone metastases of breast cancer. METHODS: In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to detect the expression of miR-124 in breast cancer tissues and bone metastatic tissues. Ventricle injection model was constructed to explore the effect of miR-124 on bone metastasis in vivo. The function of cancer cell derived miR-124 in the differentiation of osteoclast progenitor cells was verified in vitro. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm Interleukin-11 (IL-11) as a miR-124 target. The involvement of miR-124/IL-11 in the prognosis of breast cancer patients with bone metastasis was determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Herein, we found that miR-124 was significantly reduced in metastatic bone tissues from breast cancers. Down-regulation of miR-124 was associated with aggressive clinical characteristics and shorter bone metastasis-free survival and overall survival. Restoration of miR-124 suppressed, while inhibition of miR-124 promoted the bone metastasis of breast cancer cells in vivo. At the cellular level, gain of function and loss-of function assays indicated that cancer cell-derived miR-124 inhibited the survival and differentiation of osteoclast progenitor cells. At the molecular level, we demonstrated that IL-11 partially mediated osteoclastogenesis suppression by miR-124 using in vitro and in vivo assays. Furthermore, IL-11 levels were inversely correlated with miR-124, and up-regulation IL-11 in bone metastases was associated with a poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, the identification of a dysregulated miR-124/IL-11 axis helps elucidate mechanisms of breast cancer metastases to bone, uncovers new prognostic markers, and facilitates the development of novel therapeutic targets to treat and even prevent bone metastases of breast cancer.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180128
[Lr] Last revision date:180128
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12943-017-0746-0

  10 / 18420 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy

[PMID]: 29243895
[Au] Autor:Arokoski J; Karppinen J; Lindgren KA; Vastamki H; Vastamki M; Ristolainen L; Laimi K
[Ti] Title:Thoracic outlet syndrome.
[So] Source:Duodecim;133(11):1043-51, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] Country of publication:Finland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:It is important to remember the possibility of nonspecific thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) when treating patients with neck and upper extremity symptoms. There are no specific diagnostic criteria for the syndrome. Diagnosis is based on symptoms, clinical examination and the ruling out of other causes. The first-line option of clinical care is conservative treatment, which in most cases is sufficient for the patient to regain normal functioning. However, some of the most difficult TOS patients need surgical treatment, especially when persistent symptoms have already begun in adolescence, and if compression of neural or vascular structures is thought to result from anatomical structures. Conservative treatment options are essential also for surgically treated patients.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/diagnosis
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Diagnosis, Differential
Humans
Physical Examination
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180115
[Lr] Last revision date:180115
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


page 1 of 1842 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information