Database : MEDLINE
Search on : new and york and city [Words]
References found : 24244 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 2425 go to page                         

  1 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29509589
[Au] Autor:Pathela P; Jamison K; Braunstein SL; Schillinger JA; Tymejczyk O; Nash D
[Ad] Address:New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Sexually Transmitted Disease Control, New York, NY.
[Ti] Title:Gaps along the HIV care continuum: findings among a population seeking sexual health care services in New York City.
[So] Source:J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr;, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1944-7884
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Linkage/re-linkage to HIV care for virally unsuppressed persons with new sexually transmitted infections is critical for ending the HIV epidemic. We quantified HIV care continuum gaps, and viral suppression, among HIV-positive patients attending New York City (NYC) sexual health clinics (SHC). METHODS: 1,649 HIV-positive patients and a 10% sample of 11,954 patients with unknown HIV status on clinic visit date (DOV) were matched against the NYC HIV registry. Using registry diagnosis dates, we categorized matched HIV-positive patients as "new-positives" (newly diagnosed on DOV), "recent-positives (diagnosed ≤90 days before DOV), "prevalent-positives" (diagnosed >90 days before DOV), and "unknown-positives" (previously diagnosed, but status unknown to clinic on DOV). We assessed HIV care continuum outcomes before and after DOV for new-positives, prevalent-positives, and unknown-positives using registry laboratory data. RESULTS: In addition to 1,626 known HIV-positive patients, 5% of the unknown sample (63/1,196) matched to the registry, signifying that about 630 additional HIV-positive patients attended SHCs. Of new-positives, 65% were linked to care after DOV. Of prevalent-positives, 66% were in care on DOV; 43% of the out-of-care were re-linked after DOV. Of unknown-positives, 40% were in care on DOV; 21% of the out-of-care re-linked after DOV. Viral suppression was achieved by: 88% of in-care unknown-positives, 76% in-care prevalent-positives, 50% new-positives, 42% out-of-care prevalent-positives, and 16% out-of-care unknown-positives. CONCLUSIONS: Many HIV-positive persons, including those with uncontrolled HIV infection, attend SHCs and potentially contribute to HIV spread. However, HIV status often is not known to staff, resulting in missed linkage/re-linkage to care opportunities. Better outcomes could be facilitated by real-time ascertainment of HIV status and HIV care status.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1097/QAI.0000000000001674

  2 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29522133
[Au] Autor:Lopez AS; LaClair B; Buttery V; Zhang Y; Rosen J; Taggert E; Robinson S; Davis M; Waters C; Thomas CA; Rodriguez C; Thomas E; Tuttle J; Brantley T; Perella D; Del Rosario M; Marin M
[Ad] Address:National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
[Ti] Title:Varicella Outbreak Surveillance in Schools in Sentinel Jurisdictions, 2012-2015.
[So] Source:J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc;, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:2048-7207
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Background: In 2007, a routine second dose of varicella vaccine was recommended in the United States for children aged 4 to 6 years to better control varicella-zoster virus circulation and outbreaks. Sentinel varicella outbreak surveillance was established to assess feasibility of surveillance and describe outbreaks that are occurring. Methods: Through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Epidemiology Laboratory Capacity funding, health departments conducted active surveillance for varicella outbreaks in schools from 2012 to 2015. Outbreaks of varicella were defined as ≥5 cases in a school within at least 1 incubation period (21 days). School nurses, healthcare providers, or laboratories reported cases and outbreaks of varicella to health departments; demographic, vaccination, and clinical data were collected. Results: Georgia, Houston, Maine, Minnesota, New York City, and Philadelphia participated in all 3 years; Puerto Rico and West Virginia participated in 2012 to 2013; and Kansas and Arkansas participated in 2014 to 2015. Twenty-nine outbreaks including 262 cases were reported. The median size of the outbreaks was 7 cases (range, 5-31 cases), and the median duration was 31 days (range, 4-100 days). Of the case-patients associated with larger outbreaks (≥8 cases), 55.4% were unvaccinated, and 15.7% and 18.1% had received 1 or 2 doses of vaccine, respectively. In small outbreaks (5-7 cases), 33.3% of case-patients were unvaccinated, and 16.7% and 38.5% had received 1 or 2 doses of vaccine, respectively. Conclusions: The majority of cases associated with outbreaks occurred in undervaccinated children (unvaccinated and 1-dose vaccine recipients). Outbreaks with a greater proportion of 2-dose vaccine recipients were smaller. Varicella outbreak surveillance is feasible, and continued monitoring of outbreaks remains important for describing the epidemiology of varicella during the 2-dose varicella vaccination program.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/jpids/piy010

  3 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29477574
[Au] Autor:Schackman BR; Gutkind S; Morgan JR; Leff JA; Behrends CN; Delucchi KL; McKnight C; Perlman DC; Masson CL; Linas BP
[Ad] Address:Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address: brs2006@med.cornell.edu.
[Ti] Title:Cost-effectiveness of hepatitis C screening and treatment linkage intervention in US methadone maintenance treatment programs.
[So] Source:Drug Alcohol Depend;, 2018 Feb 13.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0046
[Cp] Country of publication:Ireland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a hepatitis C (HCV) screening and active linkage to care intervention in US methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients using data from a randomized trial conducted in New York City and San Francisco. METHODS: We used a decision analytic model to compare 1) no intervention; 2) HCV screening and education (control); and 3) HCV screening, education, and care coordination (active linkage intervention). We also explored an alternative strategy wherein HCV/HIV co-infected participants linked elsewhere. Trial data include population characteristics (67% male, mean age 48, 58% HCV infected) and linkage rates. Data from published sources include treatment efficacy and HCV re-infection risk. We projected quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and lifetime medical costs using an established model of HCV (HEP-CE). Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) are in 2015 US$/QALY discounted 3% annually. RESULTS: The control strategy resulted in a projected 35% linking to care within 6 months and 31% achieving sustained virologic response (SVR). The intervention resulted in 60% linking and 54% achieving SVR with an ICER of $24,600/QALY compared to no intervention from the healthcare sector perspective and was a more efficient use of resources than the control strategy. The intervention had an ICER of $76,500/QALY compared to the alternative strategy. From a societal perspective, the intervention had a net monetary benefit of $511,000-$975,600. CONCLUSIONS: HCV care coordination interventions that include screening, education and active linkage to care in MMT settings are likely cost-effective at a conventional $100,000/QALY threshold for both HCV mono-infected and HIV co-infected patients.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher

  4 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29460136
[Au] Autor:Kwon SC; Kranick JA; Bougrab N; Pan J; Williams R; Perez-Perez GI; Trinh-Shevrin C
[Ad] Address:Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, VZN, 8th Floor, New York, NY, 10016-6481, USA. simona.kwon@nyumc.org.
[Ti] Title:Development and Assessment of a Helicobacter pylori Medication Adherence and Stomach Cancer Prevention Curriculum for a Chinese American Immigrant Population.
[So] Source:J Cancer Educ;, 2018 Feb 19.
[Is] ISSN:1543-0154
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Chinese American immigrants are at increased risk for Helicobacter pylori infection and stomach cancer. Despite their increased risk, very few prevention strategies exist which target this vulnerable population. The purpose of this article is to present the stakeholder engaged development, review, assessment, refinement, and finalization of a H. pylori treatment adherence and stomach cancer prevention curriculum specifically designed to engage vulnerable, limited English proficient Chinese Americans in New York City.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s13187-018-1333-9

  5 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29366799
[Au] Autor:Moura JMBM; Gohr Pinheiro I; Carmo JL
[Ad] Address:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Ambiental, Fundação Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Rua São Paulo, 3250 - Itoupava Seca, Campus II, Bloco I - Sala 103, 89.030-000 Blumenau, SC, Brasil. Electronic address: joaomarcosmm@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Gravimetric composition of the rejects coming from the segregation process of the municipal recyclable wastes.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;74:98-109, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Rejects from selective collection are municipal solid waste (MSW) not used for recycling and are, therefore, destined for the landfill in Brazil. Knowledge of the composition and generation of this waste is important for strategically planning public policies that minimize its generation and its negative environmental impacts. However, this portion of MSW is not very well known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the rejects from the sorting process of the selective waste collection in the municipality of Blumenau, in the State of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. The studied rejects came from the largest cooperative in the city, and its composition was sorted into 17 categories of 101 samples over the course of one year, with a total of 3893 kg of analyzed rejects. The waste collected by the selective collection of the municipality was evaluated monthly to determine which part of this quantity became rejects and to determine the composition and seasonality of these rejects. The study found that 30.5% of the waste sorted by the cooperative was rejected. Among these rejects, the presence of materials that could be marketed by the cooperative was verified. Hazardous and/or legally prohibited waste were also identified, as were organics, construction and demolition waste, health care waste, electronics, textiles, footwear, batteries, and bulbs. Seasonal analysis indicated a concerning constant generation of health care waste. Aside from that, there was an increase in the generation of waste from electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) during the Christmas period, when a large part of the population discards their EEE. This information is important for the enforcement of the MSW management structure as well as for educational campaigns aimed at the correct separation of waste that should be sent for selective collection.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  6 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29343588
[Au] Autor:Parikh NS; Chatterjee A; Díaz I; Pandya A; Merkler AE; Gialdini G; Kummer BR; Mir SA; Lerario MP; Fink ME; Navi BB; Kamel H
[Ad] Address:From the Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit, Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, New York, NY (N.S.P., A.C., A.E.M., G.G., B.R.K., S.A.M., M.P.L., M.E.F., B.B.N., H.K.); Department of Neurology (N.S.P., A.E.M., S.A.M., M.E.F., B.B.N., H.K.) and Department of Healthcare Policy an
[Ti] Title:Modeling the Impact of Interhospital Transfer Network Design on Stroke Outcomes in a Large City.
[So] Source:Stroke;49(2):370-376, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4628
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to model the effects of interhospital transfer network design on endovascular therapy eligibility and clinical outcomes of stroke because of large-vessel occlusion for the residents of a large city. METHODS: We modeled 3 transfer network designs for New York City. In model A, patients were transferred from spoke hospitals to the closest hub hospitals with endovascular capabilities irrespective of hospital affiliation. In model B, which was considered the base case, patients were transferred to the closest affiliated hub hospitals. In model C, patients were transferred to the closest affiliated hospitals, and transfer times were adjusted to reflect full implementation of streamlined transfer protocols. Using Monte Carlo methods, we simulated the distributions of endovascular therapy eligibility and good functional outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score, 0-2) in these models. RESULTS: In our models, 200 patients (interquartile range [IQR], 168-227) with a stroke amenable to endovascular therapy present to New York City spoke hospitals each year. Transferring patients to the closest hub hospital irrespective of affiliation (model A) resulted in 4 (IQR, 1-9) additional patients being eligible for endovascular therapy and an additional 1 (IQR, 0-2) patient achieving functional independence. Transferring patients only to affiliated hospitals while simulating full implementation of streamlined transfer protocols (model C) resulted in 17 (IQR, 3-41) additional patients being eligible for endovascular therapy and 3 (IQR, 1-8) additional patients achieving functional independence. CONCLUSIONS: Optimizing acute stroke transfer networks resulted in clinically small changes in population-level stroke outcomes in a dense, urban area.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018166

  7 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29258776
[Au] Autor:J Padilla A; Trujillo JC
[Ad] Address:Programa de Economía, Universidad del Atlántico, Puerto Colombia, Atlántico, Colombia. Electronic address: alcidespadilla@mail.uniatlantico.edu.co.
[Ti] Title:Waste disposal and households' heterogeneity. Identifying factors shaping attitudes towards source-separated recycling in Bogotá, Colombia.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;74:16-33, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Solid waste management in many cities of developing countries is not environmentally sustainable. People traditionally dispose of their solid waste in unsuitable urban areas like sidewalks and satellite dumpsites. This situation nowadays has become a serious public health problem in big Latin American conurbations. Among these densely-populated urban spaces, the Colombia's capital and main city stands out as a special case. In this study, we aim to identify the factors that shape the attitudes towards source-separated recycling among households in Bogotá. Using data from the Colombian Department of Statistics and Bogotá's multi-purpose survey, we estimated a multivariate Probit model. In general, our results show that the higher the household's socioeconomic class, the greater its effort for separating solid wastes. Likewise, our findings also allowed us to characterize household profiles regarding solid waste separation and considering each socioeconomic class. Among these profiles, we found that at lower socioeconomic classes, the attitudes towards solid waste separation are influenced by the use of Internet, the membership to an environmentalist organization, the level of education of the head of household and the homeownership. Hence, increasing the education levels within the poorest segment of the population, promoting affordable housing policies and facilitating Internet access for the vulnerable population could reinforce households' attitudes towards a greater source-separated recycling effort.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  8 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29258775
[Au] Autor:Lima RM; Santos AHM; Pereira CRS; Flauzino BK; Pereira ACOS; Nogueira FJH; Valverde JAR
[Ad] Address:iX Estudos e Projetos Ltda., 341 Joaquim Francisco Street, Varginha, Itajubá, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: rodolfo.lima@ixconsult.com.br.
[Ti] Title:Spatially distributed potential of landfill biogas production and electric power generation in Brazil.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;74:323-334, 2018 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Due to the relatively low investment, operation costs, and technical requirements, landfills are still the most widespread alternative for final disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). The biogas produced in the landfill, a renewable energy source, may be an important alternative for electric power generation. Brazil has a significant number of operating landfills, which receive the most part of the collected MSW. However, the country has only 17 landfill biogas power plants (LBPPs), resulting in about 122 MW of capacity. The United Kingdom, for instance, which is about 3 times smaller than Brazil in population, has 442 LBPPs (corresponding to 1051 MW of capacity). This fact highlights a considerable unexplored potential of landfill biogas in Brazil. It is also important to estimate this potential throughout the country to provide information for the government, researchers and companies in decision making, planning and formulation of public policies regarding this use of landfill biogas. Therefore, this study aims at estimating the spatially distributed potential of landfill biogas production that can be used for electric power generation in Brazil from 2015 to 2045, considering two scenarios: (i) operating sanitary landfills and (ii) hypothetical scenario of Territorial Arrangements (TA) comprising every Brazilian city, considering one landfill per TA. The total installed capacity estimated in 2018 for scenario 1 is about 523 MW and 87% of this number are related to LBPPs bigger than 1 MW. In this same year, the total installed capacity estimated for scenario 2 is 768 MW and 95% of this number are related to LBPPs bigger than 1 MW. These results emphasize that Brazil has a considerable unexplored potential of landfill biogas and the importance of municipal consortiums for MSW management.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  9 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29329402
[Au] Autor:Effland T; Lawson A; Balter S; Devinney K; Reddy V; Waechter H; Gravano L; Hsu D
[Ad] Address:Computer Science Department, Data Science Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
[Ti] Title:Discovering foodborne illness in online restaurant reviews.
[So] Source:J Am Med Inform Assoc;, 2018 Jan 10.
[Is] ISSN:1527-974X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Objective: We developed a system for the discovery of foodborne illness mentioned in online Yelp restaurant reviews using text classification. The system is used by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) to monitor Yelp for foodborne illness complaints. Materials and Methods: We built classifiers for 2 tasks: (1) determining if a review indicated a person experiencing foodborne illness and (2) determining if a review indicated multiple people experiencing foodborne illness. We first developed a prototype classifier in 2012 for both tasks using a small labeled dataset. Over years of system deployment, DOHMH epidemiologists labeled 13 526 reviews selected by this classifier. We used these biased data and a sample of complementary reviews in a principled bias-adjusted training scheme to develop significantly improved classifiers. Finally, we performed an error analysis of the best resulting classifiers. Results: We found that logistic regression trained with bias-adjusted augmented data performed best for both classification tasks, with F1-scores of 87% and 66% for tasks 1 and 2, respectively. Discussion: Our error analysis revealed that the inability of our models to account for long phrases caused the most errors. Our bias-adjusted training scheme illustrates how to improve a classification system iteratively by exploiting available biased labeled data. Conclusions: Our system has been instrumental in the identification of 10 outbreaks and 8523 complaints of foodborne illness associated with New York City restaurants since July 2012. Our evaluation has identified strong classifiers for both tasks, whose deployment will allow DOHMH epidemiologists to more effectively monitor Yelp for foodborne illness investigations.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/jamia/ocx093

  10 / 24244 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29301007
[Au] Autor:Dara JS; Hanna DB; Anastos K; Wright R; Herold BC
[Ad] Address:Department of Pediatrics, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York.
[Ti] Title:Low Birth Weight in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Exposed Uninfected Infants in Bronx, New York.
[So] Source:J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc;, 2017 Dec 30.
[Is] ISSN:2048-7207
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Background: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been highly successful. However, HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants might be at increased risk for low birth weight and/or preterm birth. We compared the birth weights and gestational ages of HIV-EU infants to those of HIV-unexposed control infants in Bronx, New York, an epicenter of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Methods: This study was performed with a retrospective cohort of HIV-EU infants born at Montefiore Medical Center between 2008 and 2012 and HIV-unexposed control infants. Each HIV-EU infant was matched according to year of birth with 5 HIV-unexposed controls from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene birth certificate database. We used regression models to assess the association between HIV exposure and birth weight while controlling for potential confounders. A secondary analysis was performed to determine the association of maternal protease inhibitor-based ART use and birth weight among HIV-EU infants. Results: We included 155 HIV-EU infants born between 2008 and 2012 (51% female, 61% black, 32% Hispanic) and 775 HIV-unexposed infants. The mean (± standard deviation) unadjusted birth weights were 2971 ± 616 g (HIV-EU infants) and 3163 ± 644 g (HIV-unexposed infants) (P < .01). Multivariable regression revealed significantly lower birth weight for the HIV-EU infants (difference, -101.5 g [95% confidence interval, -181.4 to -21.6]). We found no difference in mean birth weight or gestational age with maternal protease inhibitor-based ART use when compared to the use of other regimens. Conclusions: We found significantly lower birth weight among HIV-EU infants. Long-term prospective studies are necessary to determine the implications of this finding on infant growth and development.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/jpids/pix111


page 1 of 2425 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information