Database : MEDLINE
Search on : orbital and fractures [Words]
References found : 4400 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Detailed]

page 1 of 440 go to page                         

  1 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29521765
[Au] Autor:Aubin-Lemay C; Acar P; Alnaif N; Alamri A; Azzi AJ; Cugno S
[Ad] Address:Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, Montreal.
[Ti] Title:An Extremely Rare Cause of Orbital Emphysema in a Child.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;, 2018 Mar 08.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The authors present a rare case of nontraumatic medial orbital wall fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Fractures of the orbital wall secondary to nose blowing have not been previously described in the pediatric population. The patient reported a history of chronic forceful nose blowing, followed by periorbital swelling after an episode of vigorous nose blowing. Erroneous diagnoses of sinusitis and periorbital cellulitis lead to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. The authors hypothesize that repeated and aggressive nose blowing is analogous to stress fractures, leading to weakening and eventual fracture of the medial orbital wall.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000004465

  2 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29521754
[Au] Autor:Emodi O; Nseir S; Shilo D; Srouji H; Rachmiel A
[Ad] Address:Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus.
[Ti] Title:Antral Wall Approach for Reconstruction of Orbital Floor Fractures Using Anterior Maxillary Sinus Bone Grafts.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;, 2018 Mar 08.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Isolated orbital wall fractures account for 4% to 16% of all facial fractures. Even a modest change in the position of the bony walls can have a significant impact on orbital volume and globe position. Alloplastic materials or autogenous bone grafts such as the antral maxillary wall can be used to reconstruct small- to medium-size orbital fractures. The main advantage of an antral wall graft is the intraoral approach with minimal morbidity. Nine patients underwent repair of orbital floor fractures using the extraoral and the intraoral antral wall approach. The patients underwent preoperative computed tomography imaging and a minimum of 1 year follow-up. The size of the defects ranged from 0.5 to 1.4 cm. Two patients experienced minor immediate postoperative complications; infraorbital hypoesthesia. On follow-ups, none of our patients suffered from ocular movement restrictions or complications regarding the maxillary antral wall approach. The use of harvested bone grafts from the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus is a promising approach for the reconstruction of small- to mid-size orbital floor defects with minimal complications and excellent cosmetic and functional results.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000004454

  3 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29219263
[Au] Autor:Tan SL; Chen JM; Yu XY; Wang MW; Zhuo PP; Zhou S; Xia WT
[Ad] Address:Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China.
[Ti] Title:[Comparison of Measurement Methods of Exophthalmos and Its Forensic Significance].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(4):353-356, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To compare the differences between Hertel exophthalmometry and CT on exophthalmos measurement, and explore its practical application value in forensic medicine. METHODS: Fifty-six normal individuals without eye injuries or diseases were selected as the control group. The absolute values of exophthalmos were measured in the standardized CT image workstation. The difference of binocular exophthalmos was compared in normal group. Forty-seven cases with unilateral orbital fracture were divided into injured eye group and normal eye group according to the presence of binocular orbital fractures. The differences of the absolute values of eophthalmos from the same eye and the relative values of eophthalmos between two eyes for same person measured by Hertel exophthalmometry and CT were analyzed. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference of exophthalmos between the normal eyes measured by CT method. In the normal eye group, the absolute value of exophthalmos measured by CT method was (16.66±5.41) mm, which was (16.16±4.45) mm when measured by the Hertel exophthalmometry method. There was no statistical difference between two groups ( >0.05). In the injured eye group, there was statistical difference between the absolute values of exophthalmos measured by two measurement methods ( <0.05). There was no statistical difference of the relative values of exophthalmos between the injured eyes and the normal eyes by two measurement methods ( >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CT method has a good consistency with Hertel exophthalmometry, which can be applied into the practice of medicolegal expertise.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180308
[Lr] Last revision date:180308
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.04.004

  4 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy

[PMID]: 29510812
[Au] Autor:Felding UNA
[Ad] Address:ulrik.felding.01@regionh.dk.
[Ti] Title:Blowout fractures - clinic, imaging and applied anatomy of the orbit.
[So] Source:Dan Med J;65(3), 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2245-1919
[Cp] Country of publication:Denmark
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Isolated fractures of the orbital floor or medial wall are often referred to as blowout fractures (BOFs). Debilitating double vision and aesthetic deformity may affect the patients' quality of life and daily living skills, for instance, working or driving a car. The management of blowout fractures is, however, challenging, since not all fractures demand surgery. Some patients may have symptoms which subside, or may never develop symptoms. Due to a lack of evidence, there are still considerable differences in opinion on the criteria for surgery. The selection of patients for surgery is therefore crucial for optimal patient outcomes. 
The aims of this PhD project were to elucidate and investigate various clinical aspects of blowout fractures and to examine the anatomy of the orbital cavity, which included studying the symmetry of the two orbits, the location of orbital arteries, and the pathophysiology of blowout fractures. Several clinical specialties and basic research fields study the orbital cavity. The studies in this PhD project are based on collaboration between the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology, Ophthalmology and Radiology at the Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet and the Departments of Odontology and Anatomy (Cellular and Molecular Medicine) at the University of Copenhagen. 
We assessed the current treatment of blowout fractures at the Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Department at our tertiary hospital in a retrospective study, and found that a third of the patients had persistent double vision 3 months post-trauma, irrespective of whether they had been managed surgically or conservatively (Paper I). We found that the left and right orbit are symmetrical with regards to various morphometrics of both the bony orbit and the intraorbital contents, e.g. volume, surface area and volume of fat and extraocular muscles, and distance to the ethmoidal arteries (Papers II, III and IV). This knowledge may be used in blowout fracture studies on surgical decision-making and orbital reconstruction and also in presurgical planning to avoid iatrogenic damage to the ethmoidal arteries in orbital surgery. In the first longitudinal MRI study of blowout fractures, dynamic post-traumatic changes in the intraorbital soft tissue were detected, i.e. to the best of our knowledge, for the first time indicative of an edema. We conclude that an edema subsides in the days following a blowout fracture and recommend a watchful waiting period before deciding on whether or not to operate (Paper III).
 The 24-12-6 mm rule of thumb determines orbital distances from the anterior lacrimal crest to the ethmoidal arteries and the optic canal. We questioned the applicability of this rule to all patients and investigated whether or not it is feasible to measure the distances on CT images. We found large inter-individual differences in the distances to the ethmoidal arteries and found that preoperative measurements on CT images are feasible and produce results with a low intra- and inter-observer variability.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180307
[Lr] Last revision date:180307
[St] Status:In-Process

  5 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29506872
[Au] Autor:Johnson NR; Singh NR; Oztel M; Vangaveti VN; Rahmel BB; Ramalingam L
[Ad] Address:Maxillofacial Department, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia; The University of Queensland, School of Medicine, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: nigel.johnson1@uqconnect.edu.au.
[Ti] Title:Ophthalmological injuries associated with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex.
[So] Source:Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg;, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1532-1940
[Cp] Country of publication:Scotland
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Our aim was to evaluate ophthalmological injuries associated with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex that required operative treatment, and we collected data retrospectively over a period of five years (2012-2016 inclusive). Of the 190 patients, 162 were male with a median age of 31 (IQR 25 -39) years. Assault was the most common mechanism of injury (125/190, 66%). Minor ophthalmic injuries (those unlikely to cause permanent visual disturbance) and major ophthalmic injuries (those with the potential to cause permanent visual disturbance) were recorded. The common minor ophthalmic injuries were: diplopia, enophthalmos, proptosis, subconjunctival haemorrhage, and restriction of the extraocular muscles. Commotio retinae, traumatic mydriasis, retro-orbital haemorrhage, and hyphaema were the common major ophthalmic injuries. All 13 different major ophthalmic injuries were recorded in the group who had had orbital fractures reconstructed, which suggested that more intraocular damage can be caused by this type of fracture than by others. Visual acuity was reduced in 26/190 patients with only four having persistent postoperative changes at six weeks. The odds ratio for those patients who had a major ophthalmological injury and were unable to drive was 0.07 (95% CI 0.02 to 0.21, p=0.001), which was highly significant. Ophthalmological assessment is strongly recommended for patients with fractures of the orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180306
[Lr] Last revision date:180306
[St] Status:Publisher

  6 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29194270
[Au] Autor:Emodi O; Wolff A; Srouji H; Bahouth H; Noy D; Abu El Naaj I; Rachmiel A
[Ad] Address:The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rambam Medical Centre.
[Ti] Title:Trend and Demographic Characteristics of Maxillofacial Fractures in Level I Trauma Center.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;29(2):471-475, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and treatment of craniomaxillofacial injuries in the northern part of Israel, within a Jewish majority and large Arab minority population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study evaluated patients treated for craniomaxillofacial fractures. Fracture cause, type, site, and patient demographics were evaluated. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 1 to 94 years with an average age of 36.7 years; 52% of the victims were Jews and 48% Arabs. There was male predilection in both sectors (78.3% vs 21.7%). The main site of injury was the zygomatic bone (33.5%) followed by nasal bone, orbital, mandible, frontal sinus, and maxillary fractures. The main etiology of injuries was falls (45.4%) with significantly more falls reported by females (52.1% vs 43.2% in males). Motor vehicle accidents caused injuries more frequent in males. Arabs experienced CMF fractures at a younger age compared to Jews (27.8 and 44.8 average age, respectively). In the elderly, the trend reversed where Jews were more prone to craniomaxillofacial fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to their weight in the population, the Arab sector experiences more craniomaxillofacial injuries. The Jewish elderly population tends to reside in nursing homes where they are more susceptible to accidental falls, whereas young Arab males are more exposed to motor vehicle accidents and interpersonal violence. Falls were the main cause of injuries particularly in women. This may reflect the women's fear of reporting domestic violence. We believe that increased government investments in infrastructures and education will lower the incidence of craniomaxillofacial trauma and balance the gap between both sectors and sexes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180306
[Lr] Last revision date:180306
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000004128

  7 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 27771241
[Au] Autor:Merino PS; Vera RE; Mariñas LG; Gómez de Liaño PS; Escribano JV
[Ad] Address:Ocular Motility Section, Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: pilimerino@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Botulinum toxin for treatment of restrictive strabismus.
[So] Source:J Optom;10(3):189-193, 2017 Jul - Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1989-1342
[Cp] Country of publication:Spain
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: To study the types of acquired restrictive strabismus treated in a tertiary hospital and the outcome of treatment with botulinum toxin. METHODS: We performed a 10-year retrospective study of patients with restrictive strabismus aged ≥18 years who were treated with botulinum toxin. Treatment was considered successful if the final vertical deviation was ≤5 PD, horizontal deviation ≤10 PD, with no head turn or diplopia. RESULTS: We included 27 cases (mean age, 61.9 years). Horizontal strabismus was diagnosed in 11.1%, vertical in 51.9%, and mixed in 37%. Strabismus was secondary to cataract surgery in 6 cases, high myopia in 6, orbital fractures in 5, retinal surgery in 5, Graves ophthalmopathy in 4, and repair of conjunctival injury in 1 case. Diplopia was diagnosed in all patients, head turn in 33.3%. The initial deviation was 14 PD (range, 2-40), the mean number of injections per patient was 1.6 (range, 1-3), and the mean dose was 9.5 IU (range, 2.5-22.5). At the end of follow-up, diplopia was recorded in 59.3%, head turn in 18.5%, surgical treatment in 51.9%, and need for prism glasses in 14.8%. Outcome was successful in 37% of patients (4 high myopia, 3 orbital fractures, 2 post-surgical retinal detachment, and 1 post-cataract surgery). Mean follow-up was 3±1.8 years. CONCLUSION: Vertical deviation was observed in half of the sample. The most frequent deviation was secondary to cataract surgery and high myopia. Treatment with botulinum toxin was successful in one-third of the patients at the end of follow-up.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Botulinum Toxins/administration & dosage
Eye Movements/physiology
Forecasting
Strabismus/drug therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Injections, Intramuscular
Male
Middle Aged
Neurotoxins/administration & dosage
Oculomotor Muscles
Retrospective Studies
Strabismus/physiopathology
Treatment Outcome
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Neurotoxins); EC 3.4.24.69 (Botulinum Toxins)
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180305
[Lr] Last revision date:180305
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE

  8 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy

[PMID]: 29490212
[Au] Autor:Holmes RF; Lung T; Fulde GW; Fraser CL
[Ad] Address:St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW holmes.ryanf@gmail.com.
[Ti] Title:Fewer orbital fractures treated at St Vincent's Hospital after lockout laws introduced in Sydney.
[So] Source:Med J Aust;208(4):174, 2018 Mar 05.
[Is] ISSN:1326-5377
[Cp] Country of publication:Australia
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180228
[Lr] Last revision date:180228
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  9 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29485295
[Au] Autor:Zhao D; Tao S; Zhang D; Qin M; Bao Y; Wu A
[Ad] Address:a Department of Neurosurgery , The First Hospital of China Medical University , Shenyang , China.
[Ti] Title:"Five-layer gasket seal" watertight closure for reconstruction of the skull base in complex bilateral traumatic intraorbital meningoencephaloceles: a case report and literature review.
[So] Source:Brain Inj;:1-4, 2018 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:1362-301X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:PURPOSE: Traumatic meningoencephalocele primarily occurs as a rare but complex complication of cranial base and orbital roof fractures. Traumatic intraorbital meningoencephalocele, which is rare and easily overlooked, can be life-threatening since cephalomeningitis occurs due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. It is obscure for the operative indications or standard surgical methods of traumatic meningoencephaloceles since the combined intricate craniofacial and basal fractures, brain injury, and CSF leak may exist. This case report proposes a new operative method for the repair of complex skull base fractures following traumatic intraorbital meningoencephalocele. METHODS: A 30-year-old male with a history of complex trauma presented with symptoms of exophthalmos and traumatic CSF rhinorrhea was evaluated via 3D CT of the skull base and brain MRI and was diagnosed with bilateral intraorbital meningoencephaloceles and multiple craniofacial bone, skull base, and orbit fractures. RESULTS: Successful resection of the meningoencephaloceles and reconstruction of the skull base defects were performed via craniotomy using a "five-layer gasket seal" technique that involved, from extracranial to intracranial, a gelatin sponge, muscular paste, vascularized periosteum, RapidSorb Orbital Floor Plate (OrbFloor), and Neuro-Patch layers. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and treatment of complex intraorbital meningoencephalocele require careful attention. Resection of herniated tissue is suggested due to potential contamination. The "five-layer gasket seal" watertight closure technique is recommended for successful repair of the skull base in cases involving traumatic meningoencephalocele with complex skull base fractures.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1080/02699052.2018.1440631

  10 / 4400 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text

[PMID]: 29274150
[Au] Autor:Esses DF; Costa FW; Sá CD; Silva PG; Bezerra TM; Carvalho FS; de Medeiros JR; Soares EC
[Ad] Address:Rua Alexandre Barauna 949 - Rodolfo Teofilo, Postal Code: 60430-160 Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil, fwildson@yahoo.com.br.
[Ti] Title:Occupational group, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits among individuals with maxillofacial fractures: retrospective study.
[So] Source:Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal;23(1):e13-e22, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1698-6946
[Cp] Country of publication:Spain
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: To investigate the occupational profile, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits to the health of patients with maxillofacial fractures of a population of northeastern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients records admitted to the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Walter Cantidio University Hospital (Fortaleza, Brazil) who sustained maxillofacial fractures was conducted in the period between 2006 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 338 patients rendered 355 fractures. Males were the most affected (p <0.001), with prevalence in the third decade of life (p <0.001). There was a predominance of motorcycle accidents (p <0.001), home workers (p <0.001), low educational status (p = 0.032), and no cigarette use (p <0.001) or alcohol (p = 0.023). Fractures of the zygomatic-orbital complex were the most prevalent in the sample (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: The sociodemographic profile exerted a significant influence on the epidemiological profile of maxillofacial fractures in a Brazilian population during the study period.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180227
[Lr] Last revision date:180227
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.4317/medoral.21969


page 1 of 440 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information