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[PMID]: 29408466
[Au] Autor:Misiak M; Butovskaya M; Sorokowski P
[Ad] Address:Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, ul. Dawida 1, 50-527 Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address: michal.misiak@uwr.edu.pl.
[Ti] Title:Ecology shapes moral judgments towards food-wasting behavior: Evidence from the Yali of West Papua, the Ngorongoro Maasai, and Poles.
[So] Source:Appetite;125:124-130, 2018 Feb 03.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8304
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:People judge food wasting as an immoral behavior. Although moral concerns vary widely across cultures, to this date, food wasting moral judgments were investigated only among rich and industrialized ones. This study reports first evidence of cultural variability on moral judgments of food wasting between modern and traditional cultures. We conducted our study among the Maasai - pastoralists of Ngorongoro, Yali - horticulturalists of West Papua, and among citizens of Poland. According to the results, Maasai judge food wasting as more immoral compared to Yali and Poles. What's more, Yali judge food wasting harsher than Poles. These results suggest that there are cultural differences in moral judgments of food wasting. These differences might reflect the impact of unstable ecology on food economy of a given society. We hypothesize that harsh moral judgment concerning food waste may serve as a cultural adaptation for food insecurity.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

  2 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29523087
[Au] Autor:Czajka U; Wiatrzyk A; Mosiej E; Forminska K; Zasada AA
[Ad] Address:Department of Vaccines and Sera Evaluation, National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska 24, 00-791, Warsaw, Poland.
[Ti] Title:Changes in MLST profiles and biotypes of Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates from the diphtheria outbreak period to the period of invasive infections caused by nontoxigenic strains in Poland (1950-2016).
[So] Source:BMC Infect Dis;18(1):121, 2018 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2334
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a re-emerging pathogen in Europe causing invasive infections in vaccinated persons and classical diphtheria in unvaccinated persons. In the presented study we analysed genetic changes in C. diphtheriae isolates collected in Poland from the period before the introduction of the mass anti-diphtheria vaccination to the present time when over 98% of the population is vaccinated. METHODS: A total of 62 C. diphtheriae isolates collected in the 1950s-1960s, 1990s and 2000-2016 in Poland were investigated. Examined properties of the isolates included toxigenic status, presence of tox gene, biotype, MLST type (ST) and type of infection. RESULTS: A total of 12 sequence types (STs) were identified among the analysed C. diphtheriae isolates. The highest variability of STs was observed among isolates from diphtheria and asymptomatic carriers collected in the XX century. Over 95% of isolates collected from invasive and wound infections in 2004-2016 belonged to ST8. Isolates from the XX century represented all four biotypes: mitis, gravis, intermedius and belfanti, but the belfanti biotype appeared only after the epidemic in the 1990s. All except three isolates from the XXI century represented the biotype gravis. CONCLUSIONS: During a diphtheria epidemic period, non-epidemic clones of C. diphtheriae might also disseminate and persist in a particular area after the epidemic. An increase of the anti-diphtheria antibody level in the population causes not only the elimination of toxigenic strains from the population but may also influence the reduction of diversity of C. diphtheriae isolates. MLST types do not reflect the virulence of isolates. Each ST can be represented by various virulent variants representing various pathogenic capacities, for example toxigenic non-invasive, nontoxigenic invasive and nontoxigenic non-invasive.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12879-018-3020-1

  3 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522670
[Au] Autor:Radlinska I; Kolwitz M
[Ti] Title:[Clause of conscience implemented in competition law medical in Poland in the context of the implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):460-6, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Freedom of conscience and religion, also called conscience clause legislation is part of the inherent and inalienable rights of every human being and freedoms protected by the constitution as a fundamental principle of democratic countries working in the law. At international level, the most common piece of legislation on this issue is the European Convention on Human Rights of 4 November 1950, which Poland is a party. Pursuant to Art. 9 of the European Convention Poland is committed to the protection of freedom of thought, conscience and religion to every person under its jurisdiction, including the medical professions. In a special way to be protected by the freedom of conscience of physicians, dentists, nurses and midwives, as the conscience clause is written in the law governing the exercise of such professions in Poland.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  4 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522669
[Au] Autor:Ciosek Z; Rusnarczyk D; Szylinska A; Kot K; Mosiejczuk H; Rotter I
[Ti] Title:[Is training yoga regulary can have an effective impact on dealing with stress?].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):454-9, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction: The word yoga (Goya) is derived from the Sanskrit yii and means: bind, connect, attach and focus attention on something. It also means connection, and the union. The system of yoga has collected and systematized Patanjali in his "Yoga Sittrach" work. Yoga has the task of shaping proper physical culture and spirit (mind), regardless of religious beliefs, national origin, membership in a social group. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between yoga and regular coaching strategy for coping with stress, blood pressure and abdominal obesity. Material and methods: The study involved 100 people divided into 2 groups. The first group comprised students regularly practicing yoga. The second group were randomly selected subjects not regularly engaged in sport. The age of the subjects ranged 18­60 years and over. Research material was gathered using a questionnaire designed by the authors, and the mini -COPE test. In addition, blood pressure and waist circumference were measured to assess the prevalence of abdominal obesity. Results: Among people who practice yoga the average waist circumference was 82.8 ±8 in women and 90.3 ±11 in men (p < 0.034). A healthy waistline was found in 43 (86%)subjects in the yoga group, and 34 (68%) subjects in the control group. Body mass index (BMI) also falls in favour of yoga, and in this group 15 (30%) more subjects had normal BMI. Abdominal obesity and BMI indicating obesity was found in 10 (20%) subjects from the yoga group and 15 (30%) from the control group. The study revealed no significant differences in mean blood pressure between the analysed groups. Conclusions: Based on the analysis of the questionnaire mini-COPE people regularly Training Yoga choose more effective strategies for coping with stress. Regular practice of yoga is a factor in reducing abdominal obesity. Men who trains yoga have blood pressure lower than those who doesn't practice any sport.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  5 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522668
[Au] Autor:Korzonek M; Zembik M
[Ti] Title:[Patients' awareness of the threat of taking antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents due to cardiological recommendations].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):448-53, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction: Nowadays, antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents are widely used in cardiology. Both agents, apart from their therapeutic benefits, have many adverse effects. The main aim of the study was to assess the awareness and knowledge of side effects and possible complications in patients taking antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents due to cardiological recommendations. Material and methods: A sample of 180 patients (mean age 65 years) was studied. A diagnostic survey based on a questionnaire prepared by the researchers was used for measurements. Results: The results indicated that among antithrombotic and antiplatelet agents taken by patients the most often used were: acetylsalicylic acid (140 patients) and clopidogrel (64 patients), while acenocoumarol derivatives were taken by 25 patients. When asked whether the patient obtained information about the side effects of drugs 51% of patients acknowledged obtaining information, 22% of patients denied that they were given such information, and 27% of patients admitted that they had forgotten whether they were informed about side effects. 23% of patients described their knowledge of the effects of drugs as wide, 57% of patients as basic, and 20% of patients admitted a lack of knowledge in that area. 25% of patients knew the threats of sudden discontinuation of treatment. 81% of patients could not describe management in the case of missing a dose of the drug. Conclusions: The results suggest that in patients on antithrombotic treatment the state of knowledge about complications, side effects and interactions of drugs is insufficient. The methods and scope of education are inadequate. Considering the widespread use of antithrombotic treatment, anticoagulation clinics should be established.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  6 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522667
[Au] Autor:Rotter I; Kotwas A; Kemicer-Chmielewska E; Watral A
[Ti] Title:[Physical activity as a factor reducing aggressive behaviour in adolescents in gymnasium school age].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):444-7, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction: Violence among adolescents is one of the most serious problems, and has significantly increased in recent years. Studies conducted in 2011 on aggression and violence in schools reported that the most widespread form of offence is verbal aggression. As many as 63% of students had experience of being ridiculed, humiliated or offended. According to research, 33% of students suffered from physical aggression (PA). The aim of the study to evaluate the relationship between physical activity and the incidence of aggressive behaviour in adolescents of lower -secondary school age. Material and methods: The study was conducted in autumn 2013, in West Pomerania province in Poland, among 807 students of a lower -secondary school. A diagnostic survey method with a standardized questionnaire (Aggression Questionnaire) by H. Buss and M. Perry of 1992 (Amity version) was used. Statistical analysis was performed in Statistica Pl version 10 using the Kruskal­Wallis test and the U Mann­Whitney test with a significance level of p ≤ 0.05. Results: The Kruskal­Wallis test showed only a statistically significant difference between the groups surveyed in relation to the frequency of attendance at additional sports activities and the level of PA (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Subjects who engage in team sports show a higher tendency for physical aggression than those engaged in individual sports. Taking into account the higher level of PA in adolescents performing sport 3­4 times a week compared to physically inactive and very active adolescents (more than 5 times a week), it may be presumed that sport attracts people with high physical aggression tendencies. Only with strong involvement in sport is the level of aggression reduced. There is a need for research on the personality of young athletes, which would give credence to this thesis.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  7 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522666
[Au] Autor:Branecka -Wozniak D
[Ti] Title:[The assessment of anxiety in pregnant women in respect of biological, medical and socio-environmental factors].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):433-43, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction: Anxiety in the perinatal period may lead to serious complications resulting in the pathological course of pregnancy, fear and disturbances of delivery, and postnatal emotional problems. The latter, if unsolved in this period, may contribute to the worsening of relations between partners, between a mother and a child, and within a family. They also deteriorate the psychological well -being of a woman. This thesis was aimed at assessing the occurrence of anxiety in pregnant women throughout each pregnancy trimester, and attempting to explain its biological, medical and social -environmental determinants. Material and methods: The material for this prospective longitudinal study consisted of 181 pregnant residents of Szczecin. Each woman was examined three times during pregnancy, once in each trimester. The research instruments were: a questionnaire of the author's own design and a standardized instrument ­ Spielberger's State -Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Conclusions: 1. Anxiety level in the course of pregnancy is lowest in the second trimester. 2. In those women who during pregnancy complained of discomfort or worsened mood, and in those who experienced problems with sleeping, higher intensity of anxiety is noted throughout the whole period of pregnancy. 3. Such factors as unintended pregnancy, lack of family support, and disapproval of pregnancy by a partner or the community are associated with suffering from aggravated anxiety in each trimester of pregnancy. 4. Women who have a negative judgement of their housing situation and ô€inancial standing are at risk of high levels of anxiety throughout the whole pregnancy. 5. Perinatal education is connected with signiô€icantly lesser occurrence of anxiety in each trimester of pregnancy. 6. Failure to have a preventive medical examination prior to pregnancy (woman, man) is related to experiencing signiô€icantly higher level of anxiety in the ô€irst and third trimesters of pregnancy.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  8 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522665
[Au] Autor:Janda K; Wolska J
[Ti] Title:[Study on the quantitative and qualitative of fungi colonizing soybeans (Glycine max L.)].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):426-32, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction: The aim of study was to analyse the qualitative and quantitative composition of fungi in soybeans on RBCA, YpSs, and DG18 culture media at 25, 37 and 45°C. Material and methods: The analysis included 15 samples of soybeans. The highest number of mould species (23) were isolated on RBCA at 25°C, followed by xerophilic species (20) on DG18 at 25°C, and mesophilic (13) and thermophilic species (4) on YpSs medium at 37° and 45°C, respectively. Ninety-five strains belonging to 40 species were isolated from soybean samples. The predominant species were Penicillium chrysogenum and Eurotium herbariorum. Conclusion: This study revealed new species of mycobiota not previously isolated from soybeans.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  9 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522664
[Au] Autor:Janda K; Kasprzak M; Wolska J
[Ti] Title:[Vitamin C­ structure, properties, occurrence and functions].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):419-25, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:In this paper the structure of vitamin C, its physical and chemical characteristics, and occurrence are presented. The biological role of ascorbic acid, the human body's demand for this vitamin, and its deficiency symptoms are specified.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process

  10 / 228475 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29522663
[Au] Autor:Paduch R; Klatka M; Klatka J
[Ti] Title:[Types of cell death].
[So] Source:Pomeranian J Life Sci;61(4):411-8, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2450-4637
[Cp] Country of publication:Poland
[La] Language:pol
[Ab] Abstract:Homeostasis in the body is maintained by multiple processes, including the balance between the formation of new cells and their dying. This paper describes the mechanism and pathways of apoptotic cell death, and the phenomenon of necrosis and autophagy. Furthermore, it describes rarely presented types of cell death, namely mitotic catastrophe, oncosis and pyroptosis. The course of these processes varies, as emphasized in the paper, and is on the one hand connected with maintaining the stability of tissues in physiological processes, but on the other hand processes of cell death are connected with the induction and progression of pathological processes. In the paper an attempt was made to show the basic differences between the described processes and their importance for the body.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180309
[Lr] Last revision date:180309
[St] Status:In-Process


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