Database : MEDLINE
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[PMID]: 26921106
[Au] Autor:Gentili ME
[Ad] Address:Centre hospitalier privé de Saint-Grégoire, 35760 Saint-Grégoire, France. Electronic address: Marc.e.gentili@orange.fr.
[Ti] Title:Norman Béthune (1890-1939) médecin engagé et icône de la transfusion sanguine. [Norman Bethune (1890-1939), an involved doctor, icon of the blood transfusion history].
[So] Source:Transfus Clin Biol;23(2):106-9, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1953-8022
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:fre
[Ab] Abstract:Norman Bethune was born in 1890, in Gravenhurst (Ontario, Canada). Thereafter a strong surgical training, he implied in thoracic surgery and fight against tuberculosis. His political opinions led him to join the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War. He played an important part in the development of blood transfusion on the battlefield. Then he joined China with communist troops and therein developed surgical units and accelerated training for health personal. He died of septicemia in 1939.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  2 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27181385
[Au] Autor:Ortiz DI; Findling JW; Carroll TB; Javorsky BR; Carr AA; Evans DB; Yen TW; Wang TS
[Ad] Address:Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI....
[Ti] Title:Response to comments on: Cosyntropin stimulation testing on postoperative day 1 allows for selective glucocorticoid replacement therapy following adrenalectomy for hypercortisolism: Results of a novel, multidisciplinary institutional protocol.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):249-50, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  3 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27181384
[Au] Autor:Namekawa T; Utsumi T; Suzuki H; Ichikawa T
[Ad] Address:Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan....
[Ti] Title:Reply to: The necessary preoperative dose of alpha-blockers reflects higher tumor activity in pheochromocytoma.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):250-1, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:LETTER
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  4 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27181383
[Au] Autor:Valsangkar NP; Kays JK; Feliciano DV; Martin PJ; Parett JS; Joshi MM; Zimmers TA; Koniaris LG
[Ad] Address:Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN....
[Ti] Title:The impact of members of the Society of University Surgeons on the scholarship of American surgery.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):47-53, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: A core objective of the Society of University Surgeons (SUS) is research focused: to "advance the art and science of surgery through original investigation." This study sought to determine the current impact of the SUS on academic surgical productivity. METHODS: Individual faculty data for numbers of publications, citations, and National Institute of Health (NIH) funding history were collected for 4,015 surgical faculty at the top 55 NIH-funded departments of surgery using SCOPUS and the NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools. SUS membership was determined from membership registry data. RESULTS: Overall, 502 surgical faculty (12.5%) were SUS members with 92.7% holding positions of associate or full professor (versus 59% of nonmembers). Median publications (P) and citations (C) among SUS members were P: 112, C: 2,460 versus P: 29, C: 467 for nonmembers (P < .001). Academic productivity was considerably higher by rank for SUS members than for nonmembers: associate professors (P: 61 vs 36, C: 1,199 vs 591, P < .001) and full professors (P: 141 vs 81, C: 3,537 vs 1,856, P < .001). Among full professors, SUS members had much higher rates of NIH funding than did nonmembers (52.6% vs 26%, P < .05) and specifically for R01, P01, and U01 awards (37% vs 17.7%, P < .01). SUS members were 2 times more likely to serve in divisional leadership or chair positions (23.5% vs 10.2%, P < .05). CONCLUSION: SUS society members are a highly productive academic group. These data support the premise that the SUS is meeting its research mission and identify its members as very academically productive contributors to research and scholarship in American surgery and medicine.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  5 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27180142
[Au] Autor:Canavero S; Ren X; Kim CY; Rosati E
[Ad] Address:Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: sercan@inwind.it....
[Ti] Title:Neurologic foundations of spinal cord fusion (GEMINI).
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):11-9, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Cephalosomatic anastomosis has been carried out in both monkeys and mice with preservation of brain function. Nonetheless the spinal cord was not reconstructed, leaving the animals unable to move voluntarily. Here we review the details of the GEMINI spinal cord fusion protocol, which aims at restoring electrophysiologic conduction across an acutely transected spinal cord. The existence of the cortico-truncoreticulo-propriospinal pathway, a little-known anatomic entity, is described, and its importance concerning spinal cord fusion emphasized. The use of fusogens and electrical stimulation as adjuvants for nerve fusion is addressed. The possibility of achieving cephalosomatic anastomosis in humans has become reality in principle.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  6 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27169604
[Au] Autor:Chesney TR; Nadler A; Acuna SA; Swallow CJ
[Ad] Address:Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: tyler.chesney@gmail.com....
[Ti] Title:Outcomes of resection for locoregionally recurrent colon cancer: A systematic review.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):54-66, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: The value of resection for locoregionally recurrent colon cancer (LRCC) is controversial. We aimed to describe the outcomes of resection for LRCC. METHODS: A systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL identified 9 retrospective, uncontrolled cohort studies reporting overall survival following resection of LRCC in 550 patients. Outcomes were pooled using random effects models. RESULTS: Postoperative morbidity was frequent (41.5%), but 30-day mortality was low (2.1%). R0 resection was achieved in 191 (50.6%) patients with a pooled rerecurrence of 25% and was associated with 3-year overall survival of 58% (95% confidence interval: 39-76) and 5-year overall survival of 52% (32-72). By contrast, R1 resection (n = 60) was associated with inferior survival: 3-year overall survival of 27% (12-41) and 5-year overall survival of 11% (2-25). Following macroscopically incomplete resection (R2, n = 86), 3-year overall survival was 11% (5-7) with no 5-year survivors. CONCLUSION: The available literature suggests that resection can be performed safely, with long-term survival expected in about one half of patients who undergo microscopically complete resection. However, it cannot be ascertained whether these favorable outcomes are the result of patient selection or if they can be attributed to resection. Creating a prospective registry of all patients with LRCC would be a step toward addressing the lack of quality evidence for this intervention.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  7 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27161571
[Au] Autor:Sarr MG; Behrns K; Crowley K; Beckemeier J; Ross A
[Ti] Title:How we handle submissions to SURGERY: Timeline, peer review, delays, and more.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):1-2, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  8 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27157120
[Au] Autor:Gani F; Ejaz A; Makary MA; Pawlik TM
[Ad] Address:Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD....
[Ti] Title:Hospital markup and operation outcomes in the United States.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):169-77, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Although the price hospitals charge for operations has broad financial implications, hospital pricing is not subject to regulation. We sought to characterize national variation in hospital price markup for major cardiothoracic and gastrointestinal operations and to evaluate perioperative outcomes of hospitals relative to hospital price markup. METHODS: All hospitals in which a patient underwent a cardiothoracic or gastrointestinal procedure were identified using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for 2012. Markup ratios (ratio of charges to costs) for the total cost of hospitalization were compared across hospitals. Risk-adjusted morbidity, failure-to-rescue, and mortality were calculated using multivariable, hierarchical logistic regression. RESULTS: Among the 3,498 hospitals identified, markup ratios ranged from 0.5-12.2, with a median markup ratio of 2.8 (interquartile range 2.7-3.9). For the 888 hospitals with extreme markup (greatest markup ratio quartile: markup ratio >3.9), the median markup ratio was 4.9 (interquartile range 4.3-6.0), with 10% of these hospitals billing more than 7 times the Medicare-allowable costs (markup ratio ≥7.25). Extreme markup hospitals were more often large (46.3% vs 33.8%, P < .001), urban, nonteaching centers (57.0% vs 37.9%, P < .001), and located in the Southern (46.4% vs 32.8%, P < .001) or Western (27.8% vs 17.6%, P < .001) regions of the United States. Of the 639 investor-owned, for-profit hospitals, 401 hospitals (62.8%) had an extreme markup ratio compared with 19.3% (n = 452) and 6.8% (n = 35) of nonprofit and government hospitals, respectively. Perioperative morbidity (32.7% vs 26.4%, P < .001) was greater at extreme markup hospitals. CONCLUSION: There is wide variation in hospital markup for cardiothoracic and gastrointestinal procedures, with approximately a quarter of hospital charges being 4 times greater than the actual cost of hospitalization. Hospitals with an extreme markup had greater perioperative morbidity.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  9 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27143608
[Au] Autor:Ren X; Orlova EV; Maevsky EI; Bonicalzi V; Canavero S
[Ad] Address:Hand and Microsurgical Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; State-Province Key Laboratories of Biomedicine-Pharmaceutics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola...
[Ti] Title:Brain protection during cephalosomatic anastomosis.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):5-10, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Cephalosomatic anastomosis requires neuroprotective techniques, such as deep hypothermia, to preserve brain activity. Despite the failure of pharmacologic neuroprotection, new strategies, including ischemic pre- and postconitioning and the use of Perftoran, have to be explored to complement hypothermia. This article summarizes the field of brain protection during CSA and these promising strategies.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  10 / 1565116 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 27138179
[Au] Autor:Ye Y; Kim CY; Miao Q; Ren X
[Ad] Address:Hand and Microsurgical Center, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China; State-Province Key Laboratories of Biomedicine-Pharmaceutics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China....
[Ti] Title:Fusogen-assisted rapid reconstitution of anatomophysiologic continuity of the transected spinal cord.
[So] Source:Surgery;160(1):20-5, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7361
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The GEMINI spinal cord fusion protocol exploits the ability of so-called fusogens, such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), to achieve rapid neural restoration of electrical continuity across the ends of a transected spinal cord. Experimental evidence suggests that motor recovery can occur after complete transection of the cervical and dorsal spinal cord in mice and rats following application of PEG. This allows for the possibility of spinal cord "reconstruction" in humans and even the possibility of head transplantation in the future.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1606
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


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