Database : MEDLINE
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[PMID]: 25372643
[Au] Autor:Xu X; Deng RX; Deng SM; Yang JL; Chen J
[Ad] Address:Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,Second Affiliated Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine,Hangzhou 310009,China....
[Ti] Title:[Application of three dimensional model in treatment of superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyle].
[So] Source:Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban;43(5):572-6, 2014 Sep 25.
[Is] ISSN:1008-9292
[Cp] Country of publication:China
[La] Language:chi
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To assess the application of three-dimensional jaw model in treatment of superolateral dislocation of condyle. METHODS:Nine patients with superolateral dislocation of condyle and symphyseal fractures were admitted in hospital from June 2008 to June 2013. Spiral CT scan on maxilla and mandible was performed,and three-dimensional jaw model was constructed with rapid prototyping technology. According to conditions of condylar superolateral dislocation model,the operation scheme was designed. The symphyseal fracture line was made and fracture was reduced on three-dimensional jaw model. Individualized prefabricated reconstructive titanium plate was made on symphyseal fracture model. Symphyseal fracture was replaced with individualized prefabricated mandibular reconstruction titanium plate according to occlusal relationship. At the same time,reduction of condylar superolateral dislocation was accomplished. RESULTS:Operations were successfully completed in 9 cases under guidance of three dimensional jaw model surgery. Operative incision was primarily healed,and occlusal relationship was restored. Postoperative CT scan showed that the locations of condyle in 9 cases were completely restored. Patients were followed-up for 6-28 months with a median of 18 months. The maximum of mouth opening was 3.1- 4.2 cm with a medians of 3.3 cm,and the occlusal relationship of all patients was normal after surgery. CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional jaw model can show complete status of condylar superolateral dislocation and symphyseal fracture. The model can accurately shape symphyseal reconstructive titanium plate and restore condylar superolateral dislocation during reductive surgery.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  2 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25373550
[Au] Autor:Thomas M; Jordan M
[Ad] Address:Abteilung fr Fu- und Sprunggelenkschirurgie, Hessingpark- Clinic, Hessingstr.17, 86199, Augsburg, Deutschland, manfred.thomas@hessingpark-clinic.de.
[Ti] Title:Rheumatische Sehnenpathologien. [Rheumatic tendon pathologies].
[So] Source:Z Rheumatol;73(9):806-13, 2014 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1435-1250
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:ger
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis is found in approximately 2 % of the total population in Europe and the peak incidence of the disease is during the fourth and fifth decades of life. In approximately 15 % the first symptoms of the disease occur at the level of the foot and ankle. If the early stage-dependent therapy with pharmaceuticals fails isolated surgery of the tendons (e.g. tenosynovectomy) and reconstructive surgery including the tendons (e.g. tendon transfer and tendon readaptation) are performed to keep the patient mobile. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to give an overview of the most commonly used interventions in the reconstruction of tendons in rheumatism patients and the corresponding indications. The conservative therapy options for rheumatic foot and ankle alterations with a special emphasis on tendon pathologies have a well-established importance and are also presented. METHODS: A selective literature search was carried out for therapeutic options of rheumatic tendon pathologies. DISCUSSION: If possible attempts should be made to preserve functional qualities using tenosynovectomy, tendon sutures or tendon transfer operations. If joints are already destroyed or dislocated, tendon operations should be carried out only as combined interventions with arthrodesis, endoprostheses or resection arthroplasty. The time window in which these interventions are possible should not be missed. Orthotic devices, bandages or even orthopedic shoes provide external support and splinting but do not represent a causal therapy.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00393-014-1407-y

  3 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374813
[Au] Autor:Costalonga EC; Costa E Silva VT; Caires R; Hung J; Yu L; Burdmann EA
[Ad] Address:Elerson Carlos Costalonga, Vernica Torres Costa e Silva, Renato Caires, James Hung, Luis Yu, Emmanuel A Burdmann, Department of Nephrology, Cancer Institute of So Paulo, University of So Paulo Medical School, So Paulo 01246-000, Brazil....
[Ti] Title:Prostatic surgery associated acute kidney injury.
[So] Source:World J Nephrol;3(4):198-209, 2014 Nov 6.
[Is] ISSN:2220-6124
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with extended hospital stays, high risks of in-hospital and long-term mortality, and increased risk of incident and progressive chronic kidney disease. Patients with urological diseases are a high-risk group for AKI owing to the coexistence of obstructive uropathy, older age, and preexistent chronic kidney disease. Nonetheless, precise data on the incidence and outcomes of postoperative AKI in urological procedures are lacking. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer are common diagnoses in older men and are frequently treated with surgical procedures. Whereas severe AKI after prostate surgery in general appears to be unusual, AKI associated with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) syndrome and with rhabdomyolysis (RM) after radical prostatectomy have been frequently described. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, risk factors, outcomes, prevention, and treatment of AKI associated with prostatic surgery. The mechanisms of TURP syndrome and RM following prostatic surgeries will be emphasized.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5527/wjn.v3.i4.198

  4 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374812
[Au] Autor:Resorlu B; Sancak EB; Resorlu M; Gulpinar MT; Adam G; Akbas A; Ozdemir H
[Ad] Address:Berkan Resorlu, Eyup Burak Sancak, Murat Tolga Gulpinar, Alpaslan Akbas, Department of Urology, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Medicine, 17100 Canakkale, Turkey....
[Ti] Title:Retrograde intrarenal surgery in pediatric patients.
[So] Source:World J Nephrol;3(4):193-7, 2014 Nov 6.
[Is] ISSN:2220-6124
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Urinary tract stone disease is seen at a level of 1%-2% in childhood (< 18 years). In recent years, however, there has been a marked increased in pediatric stone disease, particularly in adolescence. A carbohydrate- and salt-heavy diet and a more sedentary lifestyle are implicated in this increase. Although stone disease is rare in childhood, its presence is frequently associated with metabolic or anatomical disorders or infectious conditions, for which reason there is a high possibility of post-therapeutic recurrence. Factors such as a high possibility of recurrence and increasing incidence further enhance the importance of minimally invasive therapeutic options in children, with their expectations of a long life. In children in whom active stone removal is decided on, the way to achieve the highest level of success with the least morbidity is to select the most appropriate treatment modality. Thanks to today's advanced technology, renal stones that were once treated only by surgery can now be treated with minimally invasive techniques, from invasion of the urinary system in an antegrade (percutaneous nephrolithotomy) or retrograde (retrograde intrarenal surgery) manner or shock wave lithotripsy to laparoscopic stone surgery. This compilation study examined studies involving the RIRS procedure, the latest minimally invasive technique, in children and compared the results of those studies with those from other techniques.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5527/wjn.v3.i4.193

  5 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374805
[Au] Autor:Andersen C; Afshari A
[Ad] Address:Cheme Andersen, Arash Afshari, Department of Anaesthesiology, Juliane Marie Centre, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
[Ti] Title:Impact of perioperative hyponatremia in children: A narrative review.
[So] Source:World J Crit Care Med;3(4):95-101, 2014 Nov 4.
[Is] ISSN:2220-3141
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:For more than 50 years, hypotonic fluids (crystalloids) have been the standard for maintenance fluid used in children. In the last decade, several studies have evaluated the risk of hyponatremia associated with the use of hypotonic vs isotonic fluids, which has lead to an intense debate. Children undergoing surgery have several stimuli for release of antidiuretic hormone, which controls renal water handling, including pain, nausea, vomiting, narcotic use and blood loss. The body's primary defense against the development of hyponatremia is the ability of the kidneys to excrete free water and dilute urine. Increased levels of antidiuretic hormone can result in hyponatremia, defined as a plasma sodium level < 136 mmol/L, which causes cells to draw in excess water and swell. This manifests as central nervous system symptoms such as lethargy, irritability and seizures. The risk for symptomatic hyponatremia is higher in children than in adults. It represents an emergency condition, and early diagnosis, prompt treatment and close monitoring are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. The widespread use of hypotonic fluids in children undergoing surgery is a matter of concern and more focus on this topic is urgently needed. In this paper, we review the literature and describe the impact of perioperative hyponatremia in children.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5492/wjccm.v3.i4.95

  6 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374804
[Au] Autor:Cotogni P; Pittiruti M
[Ad] Address:Paolo Cotogni, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of Medicine, S. Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy.
[Ti] Title:Focus on peripherally inserted central catheters in critically ill patients.
[So] Source:World J Crit Care Med;3(4):80-94, 2014 Nov 4.
[Is] ISSN:2220-3141
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Venous access devices are of pivotal importance for an increasing number of critically ill patients in a variety of disease states and in a variety of clinical settings (emergency, intensive care, surgery) and for different purposes (fluids or drugs infusions, parenteral nutrition, antibiotic therapy, hemodynamic monitoring, procedures of dialysis/apheresis). However, healthcare professionals are commonly worried about the possible consequences that may result using a central venous access device (CVAD) (mainly, bloodstream infections and thrombosis), both peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and centrally inserted central catheters (CICCs). This review aims to discuss indications, insertion techniques, and care of PICCs in critically ill patients. PICCs have many advantages over standard CICCs. First of all, their insertion is easy and safe -due to their placement into peripheral veins of the arm- and the advantage of a central location of catheter tip suitable for all osmolarity and pH solutions. Using the ultrasound-guidance for the PICC insertion, the risk of hemothorax and pneumothorax can be avoided, as well as the possibility of primary malposition is very low. PICC placement is also appropriate to avoid post-procedural hemorrhage in patients with an abnormal coagulative state who need a CVAD. Some limits previously ascribed to PICCs (i.e., low flow rates, difficult central venous pressure monitoring, lack of safety for radio-diagnostic procedures, single-lumen) have delayed their start up in the intensive care units as common practice. Though, the recent development of power-injectable PICCs overcomes these technical limitations and PICCs have started to spread in critical care settings. Two important take-home messages may be drawn from this review. First, the incidence of complications varies depending on venous accesses and healthcare professionals should be aware of the different clinical performance as well as of the different risks associated with each type of CVAD (CICCs or PICCs). Second, an inappropriate CVAD choice and, particularly, an inadequate insertion technique are relevant-and often not recognized-potential risk factors for complications in critically ill patients. We strongly believe that all healthcare professionals involved in the choice, insertion or management of CVADs in critically ill patients should know all potential risk factors of complications. This knowledge may minimize complications and guarantee longevity to the CVAD optimizing the risk/benefit ratio of CVAD insertion and use. Proper management of CVADs in critical care saves lines and lives. Much evidence from the medical literature and from the clinical practice supports our belief that, compared to CICCs, the so-called power-injectable peripherally inserted central catheters are a good alternative choice in critical care.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5492/wjccm.v3.i4.80

  7 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374962
[Au] Autor:Posada-Gonzlez M; Gmez-Ramrez J; Luque-Ramrez M; Guijarro M; Martn-Prez E; Rodrguez-Snchez A; Garca-Sanz I; Larraaga E
[Ad] Address:Department of General and Gastrointestinal Surgery, La Princesa University Hospital, 62 Diego de Leon Street, 28006 Madrid, Spain....
[Ti] Title:Nonfunctional Metastatic Parathyroid Carcinoma in the Setting of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A Syndrome.
[So] Source:Surg Res Pract;2014:731481, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2356-7759
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Parathyroid carcinoma is a very rare malignancy. It has been associated with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome, familial isolated primary hyperparathyroidism, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) and 2A (MEN-2A) syndromes. We report a 54-year-old man with a MEN-2A which presents with a nonfunctional metastatic parathyroid carcinoma and a pheochromocytoma in the absence of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Only a few cases of parathyroid carcinoma have been reported in the literature associated with this syndrome.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2014/731481

  8 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374961
[Au] Autor:Mittal S; Singh H; Munghate A; Singh G; Garg A; Sharma J
[Ad] Address:Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Patiala 147001, India....
[Ti] Title:A Comparative Study between the Outcome of Primary Repair versus Loop Ileostomy in Ileal Perforation.
[So] Source:Surg Res Pract;2014:729018, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2356-7759
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction. Ileal perforation peritonitis is a common surgical emergency in the Indian subcontinent and in tropical countries. It is reported to constitute the fifth common cause of abdominal emergencies due to high incidence of enteric fever and tuberculosis in these regions. Methods. Sixty proven cases of ileal perforation patients admitted to Surgical Emergency were taken up for emergency surgery. Randomisation was done by senior surgeons by picking up card from both the groups. The surgical management was done as primary repair (group A) and loop ileostomy (group B). Results. An increased rate of postoperative complications was seen in group A when compared with group B with 6 (20%) patients landed up in peritonitis secondary to leakage from primary repair requiring reoperation as compared to 2 (6.67%) in ileostomy closure. A ratio of 1 : 1.51 days was observed between hospital stay of group A to group B. Conclusion. In cases of ileal perforation temporary defunctioning loop ileostomy plays an important role. We recommend that defunctioning ileostomy should be preferred over other surgical options in cases of ileal perforations. It should be recommended that ileostomy in these cases is only temporary and the extra cost and cost of management are not more than the price of life.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2014/729018

  9 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374960
[Au] Autor:Diodato M; Chedrawy EG
[Ad] Address:University of Connecticut, Hartford Hospital, Division of Surgical Critical Care, 80 Seymour Street, Hartford, CT 06102-5037, USA.
[Ti] Title:Coronary artery bypass graft surgery: the past, present, and future of myocardial revascularisation.
[So] Source:Surg Res Pract;2014:726158, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2356-7759
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The development of the heart-lung machine ushered in the era of modern cardiac surgery. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) remains the most common operation performed by cardiac surgeons today. From its infancy in the 1950s till today, CABG has undergone many developments both technically and clinically. Improvements in intraoperative technique and perioperative care have led to CABG being offered to a more broad patient profile with less complications and adverse events. Our review outlines the rich history and promising future of myocardial revascularization.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2014/726158

  10 / 1413355 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 25374959
[Au] Autor:Bamford R; Hay A; Kumar D
[Ad] Address:Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw Road, Tooting, London SW17 0QT, UK.
[Ti] Title:Resection leads to less recurrence than strictureplasty in a paediatric population with obstructive Crohn's disease.
[So] Source:Surg Res Pract;2014:709045, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2356-7759
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Introduction. Resection and strictureplasty are used to treat patients with obstructive Crohn's disease. Strictureplasty is preferable in adults as it retains bowel length. This study aims to identify differences in outcomes of children undergoing strictureplasty and resection for obstructive Crohn's disease. Method. Patients under 20 years undergoing surgery over a nine-year period were included. Data was collected on procedures for stenotic Crohn's disease. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1 treated with strictureplasties and Group 2 resections. Postoperative complications and recurrence rates were recorded. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the data. Results. Twenty-six patients and 40 operations were identified. Mean age was 15.6 years (7.2-19.4) with equal numbers of males and females. Mean follow-up was 45.9 months (0.1-149.9). 20/40 procedures involved the terminal ileum; 9/40, the ileocolic junction; 8/40, the upper GI tract; and 3/40, the colon. Group 1 consisted of 19 strictureplasties and Group 2 consisted of 13 resections and 8 combined procedures. Significantly more patients in Group 1 required further surgery (11/19 versus 3/21; P = 0.008). Conclusion. Allowing for variations in disease duration, severity, and previous medical management, these data suggest that resection is preferable to strictureplasty in treating obstructive Crohn's disease in children and adolescents.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1411
[Da] Date of entry for processing:141106
[St] Status:PubMed-not-MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2014/709045


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