Database : MEDLINE
Search on : tarsal and bones [Words]
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[PMID]: 29492995
[Au] Autor:Brombini GC; Rahal SC; Schimming BC; Santos IFC; Tsunemi MH; Mamprim MJ; Alves LS; Filadelpho AL; Teixeira CR
[Ad] Address:Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anesthesiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Brazil.
[Ti] Title:Radiological and osteological study of the pelvic limbs in free-ranging capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris).
[So] Source:Anat Histol Embryol;, 2018 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0264
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This study aimed to describe the radiographic anatomy and osteology and to evaluate angular radiographic measurements-Norberg angle, inclination angle and anteversion angle-of the pelvic limbs in free-ranging capybaras. Twenty cadavers of free-ranging capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), including five adults and 15 subadults, were studied. Ventrodorsal, craniocaudal, dorsoplantar and mediolateral radiographic views of the pelvic limbs were obtained. The radiographic features were described together with bone samples. The hip bone (os coxae), shaped like an isosceles trapezoid, was elongated and narrow with the presence of an oblong obturator foramen, sagittal ilial wing and rectilinear ilial body. The femoral shaft was relatively straight, while the greater trochanter was projected above the femoral head. No sesamoid bones of the gastrocnemius and popliteus muscles were observed radiographically or for those animals used in gross macroscopy. The fibula was located lateral and parallel to the tibia. Eight tarsal bones, four metatarsal bones and three digits were identified. The mean radiographic measurements included Norberg angle of 125.9°; respective angles of femoral inclination by the Hauptman B and Tomlinson methods of 139.9 and 141°; anteversion angle of the femoral head and neck of 29.80°. The bones of the pelvic limbs in capybaras have several anatomical characters and radiological features that are shared with members of the caviomorph superfamily Cavioidea. The radiographic angles measured in this study help characterize the functional morphology of this species.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180301
[Lr] Last revision date:180301
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/ahe.12349

  2 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29308853
[Au] Autor:Bobrov DS; Slinjakov LJ; Rigin NV
[Ti] Title:The Primary Metatarsalgia: Pathogenesis, Biomechanics and Surgical Treatment.
[So] Source:Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk;72(1):53-8, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0869-6047
[Cp] Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:This paper presents a comprehensive review on the current concept of the diagnosis and treatment of central metatarsalgia on the basis of medical literature analyses. Metatarsalgia is the term for pain in the forefoot. This is a set of symptoms corresponding to a wide range of diseases. Central metatarsalgia is a kind of metatarsalgia which arises from structural-functional changes that lead to excessive pressure in the area of metatarsal heads. The data analysis demonstrated that presently various types of osteotomies of metatarsal bones are the main surgical treatment options with the chance of complication ranging from 6 to 50%. Weil-osteotomy is known to be the most popular type of osteotomy for treatment of central metatarsalgia. The most common complication of Weil-osteotomy is floating toe, the one that doesn't contact with the supporting surface. In case Weil-osteotomy and intraphalangeal arthrodesis with trans acticular fixation are both performed, the complication of floating toe increases up to 50%. When Weil osteotomy, plantar plate repair, extensor digitorum longum tendon lengthening and triple Weil-osteotomy are performed simultaneously, the complication rate is 15% approximately which is much lower. Using combined osteotomy techniques as well as taking into account structural-functional pathologic changes of the forefoot and ligaments repair of metatarsalphalangeal joint will ensure the most successful development of surgical treatment techniques for central metatarsalgia.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Arthrodesis/methods
Metatarsalgia
Osteotomy/methods
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Humans
Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging
Metatarsal Bones/surgery
Metatarsalgia/diagnosis
Metatarsalgia/surgery
Metatarsophalangeal Joint/diagnostic imaging
Metatarsophalangeal Joint/surgery
Radiography/methods
Tarsal Joints/diagnostic imaging
Tarsal Joints/surgery
Treatment Outcome
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180220
[Lr] Last revision date:180220
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15690/vramn756

  3 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29437059
[Au] Autor:Petrie MJ; Blakey CM; Chadwick C; Davies HG; Blundell CM; Davies MB
[Ad] Address:Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK.
[Ti] Title:A new and reliable classification system for fractures of the navicular and associated injuries to the midfoot.
[So] Source:Bone Joint J;100-B(2):176-182, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2049-4408
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:AIMS: Fractures of the navicular can occur in isolation but, owing to the intimate anatomical and biomechanical relationships, are often associated with other injuries to the neighbouring bones and joints in the foot. As a result, they can lead to long-term morbidity and poor function. Our aim in this study was to identify patterns of injury in a new classification system of traumatic fractures of the navicular, with consideration being given to the commonly associated injuries to the midfoot. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of 285 consecutive patients presenting over an eight- year period with a fracture of the navicular. Five common patterns of injury were identified and classified according to the radiological features. Type 1 fractures are dorsal avulsion injuries related to the capsule of the talonavicular joint. Type 2 fractures are isolated avulsion injuries to the tuberosity of the navicular. Type 3 fractures are a variant of tarsometatarsal fracture/dislocations creating instability of the medial ray. Type 4 fractures involve the body of the navicular with no associated injury to the lateral column and type 5 fractures occur in conjunction with disruption of the midtarsal joint with crushing of the medial or lateral, or both, columns of the foot. RESULTS: In order to test the reliability and reproducibility of this new classification, a cohort of 30 patients with a fracture of the navicular were classified by six independent assessors at two separate times, six months apart. Interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility both had substantial agreement, with kappa values of 0.80 and 0.72, respectively. CONCLUSION: We propose a logical, all-inclusive, and mutually exclusive classification system for fractures of the navicular that gives associated injuries involving the lateral column due consideration. We have shown that this system is reliable and reproducible and have described the rationale for the subsequent treatment of each type. Cite this article: 2018;100-B:176-82.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Foot Injuries/classification
Fractures, Bone/classification
Tarsal Bones/injuries
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Foot Injuries/diagnostic imaging
Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging
Humans
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Tarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180216
[Lr] Last revision date:180216
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:180214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.100B2.BJJ-2017-0879.R1

  4 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 28470459
[Au] Autor:Smolen C; Quenneville CE
[Ad] Address:Department of Mechanical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7, Canada.
[Ti] Title:A Finite Element Model of the Foot/Ankle to Evaluate Injury Risk in Various Postures.
[So] Source:Ann Biomed Eng;45(8):1993-2008, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1573-9686
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The foot/ankle complex is frequently injured in many types of debilitating events, such as car crashes. Numerical models used to assess injury risk are typically minimally validated and do not account for ankle posture variations that frequently occur during these events. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a finite element model of the foot and ankle accounting for these positional changes. A model was constructed from computed tomography scans of a male cadaveric lower leg and was evaluated by comparing simulated bone positions and strain responses to experimental results at five postures in which fractures are commonly reported. The bone positions showed agreement typically within 6° or less in all anatomical directions, and strain matching was consistent with the range of errors observed in similar studies (typically within 50% of the average strains). Fracture thresholds and locations in each posture were also estimated to be similar to those reported in the literature (ranging from 6.3 kN in the neutral posture to 3.9 kN in combined eversion and external rotation). The least vulnerable posture was neutral, and all other postures had lower fracture thresholds, indicating that examination of the fracture threshold of the lower limb in the neutral posture alone may be an underestimation. This work presents an important step forward in the modeling of lower limb injury risk in altered ankle postures. Potential clinical applications of the model include the development of postural guidelines to minimize injury, as well as the evaluation of new protective systems.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Ankle Fractures/physiopathology
Foot Injuries/physiopathology
Models, Biological
Posture
Risk Assessment/methods
Tarsal Bones/injuries
Tarsal Bones/physiopathology
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Cadaver
Compressive Strength
Computer Simulation
Elastic Modulus
Finite Element Analysis
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Range of Motion, Articular
Stress, Mechanical
Tensile Strength
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180215
[Lr] Last revision date:180215
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10439-017-1844-2

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[PMID]: 29417992
[Au] Autor:Gonçalves D; Vassalo AR; Mamede AP; Makhoul C; Piga G; Cunha E; Marques MPM; Batista de Carvalho LAE
[Ad] Address:Archaeosciences Laboratory, Directorate General for Cultural Heritage (LARC/CIBIO/InBIO), Rua da Bica do Marquês 2, Lisboa, 1300-087, Portugal.
[Ti] Title:Crystal clear: Vibrational spectroscopy reveals intrabone, intraskeleton, and interskeleton variation in human bones.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;, 2018 Feb 08.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Vibrational spectroscopy is a valuable tool for the study of burned skeletal remains. Nonetheless, most investigations have been focused on a limited number of samples as well as on faunal bones rather than human bones. Conclusions based on those investigations may lack representativeness, namely about the intrabone, intra- and interskeleton variability of several chemometric indices. We aimed to investigate this issue on a large sample of human bones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Powder samples were collected from 168 bones from four human skeletons. The sampling targeted 47 long bones, 72 short bones, and 49 tarsal bones as well as different bone regions in a total of 638 powder samples. Bones were experimentally burned in an electric muffle furnace for two hours to maximum temperatures ranging from 400°C to 1000°C. Another 623 burned samples were then collected totaling 1261 samples subjected to FTIR-ATR analysis. The CI, BPI, C/C, and OH/P indices were calculated. RESULTS: An important intrabone, intra- and interskeleton variation was observed, especially for the BPI. The CI, C/C, and OH/P indices revealed much less variation so site-specific sampling may not be as critical in these cases. Clear differences between our results and those from previous investigations were observed, namely on the temperature increment evolution of the CI and C/C indices. DISCUSSION: The relatively large heterogeneity, especially at the intrabone level, is possibly the consequence of microstructural bone differences. The dissimilarities observed between our investigation and other published studies are probably due to the fact that the samples used here came from human rather than faunal bones. Also, our samples were buried previously to the experimental burning so this may also partly explain our contrasting results, since previous research was mostly performed on fresh bone. Future inferences based on vibrational spectroscopy analyses should take into account the possible effect of all these sources.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1802
[Cu] Class update date: 180208
[Lr] Last revision date:180208
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23430

  6 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29350643
[Au] Autor:Galluzzo M; Greco F; Pietragalla M; De Renzis A; Carbone M; Zappia M; Maggialetti N; D'andrea A; Caracchini G; Miele V
[Ad] Address:. vmiele@sirm.org.
[Ti] Title:Calcaneal fractures: radiological and CT evaluation and classification systems.
[So] Source:Acta Biomed;89(1-S):138-150, 2018 Jan 19.
[Is] ISSN:0392-4203
[Cp] Country of publication:Italy
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The calcaneus, the more lower bone of the body, has the task of supporting the axial load from the weight of the body. Calcaneal fractures represent about 1-2% of all fractures and 60% of the tarsal bones fractures. The articular involvement has been associated with a poor functional outcome. The aim of this work is to describe the radiologic evaluation, the classification systems, the morphological preoperative diagnostic imaging features of calcaneal fractures, highlighting the correlation with the choice of treatment and predictive capacity for the fracture surgical outcome. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed for the terms Imaging calcaneus fracture, selecting articles in English language, published in the last two years, where preoperatively diagnostic imaging of fractures of the calcaneus are described.  Case reports have not been included. RESULTS: We have collected a number of data that provide important help in preoperative evaluation of calcaneal fractures, such as the new classification system created by Harnroongroj et al, the association of calcaneal fractures with fractures of other bone structures or soft tissue impairment, the use of calcaneotalar ratio in assessing the length of heel. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest an approach geared to the specific choice of treatment and to improving patient outcomes.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180119
[Lr] Last revision date:180119
[St] Status:In-Data-Review
[do] DOI:10.23750/abm.v89i1-S.7017

  7 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29344705
[Au] Autor:von Stillfried E
[Ad] Address:Abteilung für Orthopädie, Sektion Kinderorthopädie, Vulpius Klinik Bad Rappenau, Vulpiusstraße 29, 74906, Bad Rappenau, Deutschland. eva.stillfried@vulpiusklinik.de.
[Ti] Title:Welche Fußfehlbildungen sollte der Radiologe kennen? [Which foot deformities should be radiologist be familiar with?]
[So] Source:Radiologe;, 2018 Jan 17.
[Is] ISSN:1432-2102
[Cp] Country of publication:Germany
[La] Language:ger
[Ab] Abstract:Most deformities of the foot are visible at birth and can be diagnosed without imaging. They can be divided into congenital flexible, congenital structural and acquired foot deformities. The most common congenital flexible foot deformity in children is the metatarsus adductus, which usually requires no long-term therapy. Regarding congenital structural deformities, such as the clubfoot and talus verticalis, plaster therapy should be started during the first week of life, so that by the end of the first year of life and the beginning of the verticalization, a pain-free resilient foot with normal function is present. Imaging is usually only necessary if a relapse arises. Coalitio of the tarsal bones is often visible only in the course of growth through the development of a rigid flatfoot and always requires imaging to confirm the diagnosis. This article is intended to give the radiologist an overview of the most important deformities and to inform about their course and therapy.
[Pt] Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180118
[Lr] Last revision date:180118
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00117-017-0349-1

  8 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29332692
[Au] Autor:Gonçalves D; d'Oliveira Coelho J; Amarante A; Makhoul C; Oliveira-Santos I; Navega D; Cunha E
[Ad] Address:Research Centre for Anthropology and Health, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Calçada Martim Freitas, 3000-456 Coimbra, Portugal; Archaeosciences Laboratory, Directorate General for Cultural Heritage and LARC/CIBIO/InBIO, Rua da Bica do Marquês 2, 1300-087 Lisboa, Portugal; Centre
[Ti] Title:Dead weight: Validation of mass regression equations on experimentally burned skeletal remains to assess skeleton completeness.
[So] Source:Sci Justice;58(1):2-6, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1355-0306
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:In very fragmentary remains, the thorough inventory of skeletal elements is often impossible to accomplish. Mass has been used instead to assess the completeness of the skeleton. Two different mass-based methods of assessing skeleton completeness were tested on a sample of experimentally burned skeletons with the objective of determining which of them is more reliable. The first method was based on a simple comparison of the mass of each individual skeleton with previously published mass references. The second method was based on mass linear regressions from individual bones to estimate complete skeleton mass. The clavicle, humerus, femur, patella, metacarpal, metatarsal and tarsal bones were used. The sample was composed of 20 experimentally burned skeletons from 10 males and 10 females with ages-at-death between 68 and 90years old. Results demonstrated that the regression approach is more objective and more reliable than the reference comparison approach even though not all bones provided satisfactory estimations of the complete skeleton mass. The femur, humerus and patella provided the best performances among the individual bones. The estimations based on the latter had root mean squared errors (RMSE) smaller than 300g. Results demonstrated that the regression approach is quite promising although the patella was the only reasonable predictor expected to survive sufficiently intact to a burning event at high temperatures. The mass comparison approach has the advantage of not depending on the preservation of individual bones. Whenever bones are intact though, the application of mass regressions should be preferentially used because it is less subjective.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1801
[Cu] Class update date: 180115
[Lr] Last revision date:180115
[St] Status:In-Data-Review

  9 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29261632
[Au] Autor:Son SH; Jeong SY; Lee SW; Ahn BC; Lee J
[Ad] Address:From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.
[Ti] Title:Primary Aspergillosis of the Sphenoid Sinus Observed on Bone SPECT/CT.
[So] Source:Clin Nucl Med;43(2):141-143, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-0229
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The bone SPECT/CT allows for precise anatomic delineation of bone activity, which can be valuable for diagnosis of nonmalignant bone diseases. We report an extremely rare case of sphenoid sinus aspergillosis, observed on bone SPECT/CT imaging, as an isolated disease in an immunocompetent individual. A 58-year-old woman with a history of plantar fasciitis was assessed for infection in the tarsal bones. Planar bone scan image revealed incidental focal lesion in skull base, which was considered to be the left sphenoid sinusitis by the bone SPECT/CT scan.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 180103
[Lr] Last revision date:180103
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1097/RLU.0000000000001957

  10 / 3242 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]: 29182139
[Au] Autor:Bojovic N; Raicevic M; Zivanovic D; Ducic S
[Ti] Title:A rare case of aneurymal bone cyst of cuboid bone in a 10-year-old girl.
[So] Source:Acta Orthop Belg;82(4):913-917, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0001-6462
[Cp] Country of publication:Belgium
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are rare and they represent 1- 1.4 % of all primary bone tumors. ABC of cuboid bone are extremely rare, especially in children. Very few cases have been reported in the literature since 1967. We present a case of pathological fracture of cuboid bone due to an aneurysmal cyst in a 10-year-old girl. Surgery was performed, which included open biopsy with aspiration and intralesional curettage . Bone defect was then filled in by fully synthetic cancellous bone graft substitute consisting of pure ß-tricalcium phosphate. Aneurysmal cyst of cuboid bone with pathological fracture could be successfully treated with pure ß-tricalcium phosphate as a bone graft substitute. This procedure is safe with excellent outcome.Follow up to nearly four years did not show any recurrence.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use
Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/surgery
Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use
Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use
Curettage/methods
Fractures, Spontaneous/surgery
Tarsal Bones/surgery
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/complications
Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/diagnostic imaging
Child
Female
Fractures, Spontaneous/diagnostic imaging
Fractures, Spontaneous/etiology
Humans
Tarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging
Tarsal Bones/injuries
[Pt] Publication type:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Bone Substitutes); 0 (Calcium Phosphates); 0 (beta-tricalcium phosphate)
[Em] Entry month:1712
[Cu] Class update date: 171228
[Lr] Last revision date:171228
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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