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[PMID]: 29524925
[Au] Autor:Chen MK
[Ad] Address:Yale University, New Haven, CT.
[Ti] Title:The Effect of Language on Economic Behavior: Evidence from Savings Rates, Health Behaviors, and Retirement Assets.
[So] Source:Am Econ Rev;103(2):690-731, 2013 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0002-8282
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Languages differ widely in the ways they encode time. I test the hypothesis that the languages that grammatically associate the future and the present, foster future-oriented behavior. This prediction arises naturally when well-documented effects of language structure are merged with models of intertemporal choice. Empirically, I find that speakers of such languages: save more, retire with more wealth, smoke less, practice safer sex, and are less obese. This holds both across countries and within countries when comparing demographically similar native households. The evidence does not support the most obvious forms of common causation. I discuss implications for theories of intertemporal choice.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180311
[Lr] Last revision date:180311
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524924
[Au] Autor:Han C; Hong YC
[Ad] Address:Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Title:Adverse health effects of ferronickel manufacturing factory on local residents: An interrupted time series analysis.
[So] Source:Environ Int;114:288-296, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6750
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The first ferronickel manufacturing factory of the Republic of Korea was opened in Gwangyang City on October, 23rd, 2008. There has been public concern regarding heavy metal dust blown from the factory and slag disposal site. Therefore, we evaluated the health impact of the ferronickel factory on Gwangyang City residents by using interrupted time series analysis. We analyzed the monthly incidence patterns of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and dermatitis in Gwangyang City residents from 2004 to 2014. Data were gathered from the National Health Insurance Service database which covers all the hospital use data of entire city residents. Seasonality adjusted quasi-Poisson regression model was used to evaluate whether the operation of the ferronickel factory was associated with the immediate changes in the monthly disease incidence patterns. We set a control region, Yeosu City, near Gwangyang City to ensure that the changes in the disease incidence were specific to Gwangyang City. We conducted sub-regional level analysis to evaluate whether the disease incidence patterns were affected by the distance from the ferronickel factory. The risk estimates after operation of the ferronickel factory showed an abrupt increase in the monthly incidence of unspecified dermatitis [RR (95% CI), 1.75 (1.17-2.60)] and vasomotor and allergic rhinitis [RR (95% CI), 1.23 (1.08-1.39)] in men, and pruritus [RR (95% CI), 1.95 (1.51-2.52)], unspecified dermatitis [RR (95% CI), 1.65 (1.04-2.60)], and vasomotor and allergic rhinitis [RR (95% CI), 1.17 (1.04-1.31)] in women. These findings were significant even after accounting for the changes of the corresponding disease incidence of the comparison city, Yeosu. The effects were greater in young children (aged 0-9) and sub-regions near the ferronickel factory. Our study suggests possible association between the operation of the ferronickel factory and an abrupt increase of pruritus, unspecific dermatitis, and vasomotor and allergic rhinitis in Gwangyang City residents.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524917
[Au] Autor:Cardona M; Lewis ET; Turner RM; Alkhouri H; Asha S; Mackenzie J; Perkins M; Suri S; Holdgate A; Winoto L; Chang CW; Gallego-Luxan B; McCarthy S; Kristensen MR; O'Sullivan M; Skjøt-Arkil H; Ekmann AA; Nygaard HH; Jensen JJ; Jensen RO; Pedersen JL; Breen D; Petersen JA; Jensen BN; Mogensen CB; Hillman K; Brabrand M
[Ad] Address:The Simpson Centre for Health Services Research, South Western Sydney Clinical School, The University of New South Wales, PO Box 6087, UNSW, NSW, 1466 Australia. Electronic address: magnolia.cardona@unsw.edu.au.
[Ti] Title:Efficacy of a tool to predict short-term mortality in older people presenting at emergency departments: Protocol for a multi-centre cohort study.
[So] Source:Arch Gerontol Geriatr;76:169-174, 2018 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6976
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Prognostic uncertainty inhibits clinicians from initiating timely end-of-life discussions and advance care planning. This study evaluates the efficacy of the CriSTAL (Criteria for Screening and Triaging to Appropriate aLternative care) checklist in emergency departments. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients aged ≥65 years with any diagnosis admitted via emergency departments in ten hospitals in Australia, Denmark and Ireland. Electronic and paper clinical records will be used to extract risk factors such as nursing home residency, physiological deterioration warranting a rapid response call, personal history of active chronic disease, history of hospitalisations or intensive care unit admission in the past year, evidence of proteinuria or ECG abnormalities, and evidence of frailty to be concurrently measured with Fried Score and Clinical Frailty Scale. Patients or their informal caregivers will be contacted by telephone around three months after initial assessment to ascertain survival, self-reported health, post-discharge frailty and health service utilisation since discharge. Logistic regression and bootstrapping techniques and AUROC curves will be used to test the predictive accuracy of CriSTAL for death within 90 days of admission and in-hospital death. DISCUSSION: The CriSTAL checklist is an objective and practical tool for use in emergency departments among older patients to determine individual probability of death in the short-term. Its validation in this cohort is expected to reduce clinicians' prognostic uncertainty on the time to patients' death and encourage timely end-of-life conversations to support clinical decisions with older frail patients and their families about their imminent or future care choices.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524916
[Au] Autor:Lopes H; Mateus C; Rosati N
[Ad] Address:Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: h.lopes@ensp.unl.pt.
[Ti] Title:Impact of long term care and mortality risk in community care and nursing homes populations.
[So] Source:Arch Gerontol Geriatr;76:160-168, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6976
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To identify the survival time, the mortality risk factors and the individuals' characteristics associated with cognitive and physical status at discharge, among the Portuguese long-term care (LTC) populations. SETTINGS: Home-and-Community-Based Services (HCBS) and three types of Nursing Homes (NH). PARTICIPANTS: 20,984 individuals admitted and discharged in 2015. MEASUREMENTS: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to study the mortality risk; the Wilcoxon signed-rank test to identify the number of individuals with cognitive and physical changes between admission and discharge; two cumulative odds ordinal logistic regressions to predict the cognitive and physical dependence levels at discharge RESULTS: The mortality rate at HCBS was 30%, and 17% at the NH, with a median survival time of 173 and 200 days, respectively. The main factors associated with higher mortality were older age, male gender, family/neighbour support, neoplasms and cognitive/physical dependence at admission. In NH/HCBS, 26%/18% of individuals improve their cognitive status, while in physical status the proportion was 38%/27%, respectively. Finally, older age, being illiterate and being classified at the lowest cognitive and physical status at admission decrease the likelihood of achieving a higher level of cognitive and physical independence at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: The adoption of a robust and complete assessment tool, the definition of guidelines to enable a periodical assessment of individuals' autonomy and the adoption of benchmark metrics allowing the comparison of results between similar units are some of the main goals to be taken into account for future developments of this care in Portugal.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524906
[Au] Autor:Kastury F; Smith E; Karna RR; Scheckel KG; Juhasz AL
[Ad] Address:Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, Adelaide, SA 5095, Australia. Electronic address: farzana.kastury@mymail.unisa.edu.au.
[Ti] Title:An inhalation-ingestion bioaccessibility assay (IIBA) for the assessment of exposure to metal(loid)s in PM .
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;631-632:92-104, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Although metal(loid) bioaccessibility of ambient particulate matter, with an aerodynamic diameter of <10µm (PM ), has recently received increasing attention, limited research exists into standardising in-vitro methodologies using simulated lung fluid (SLF). Contradictions exist regarding which assay parameters should be adopted. Additionally, potential continuation of metal(loid) dissolution once PM is cleared from the lungs and passed through the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) has rarely been addressed. The objective of this study was to assess parameters that influence inhalation bioaccessibility in order to develop a conservative assay that is relevant to a human inhalation scenario. To achieve this aim, the effect of solid to liquid (S/L) ratio, extraction time, agitation and five major SLF compositions on the bioaccessibilities of arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) was investigated using PM from three Australian mining/smelting impacted regions. Using the biologically relevant parameters that resulted in the most conservative outcomes, bioaccessibility of metal(loid)s in PM was assessed in SLF, followed by simulated GIT solutions. Results from this study revealed that fluid composition and S/L ratio significantly affected metal(loid) dissolution (p<0.05). The highest Pb bioaccessibility resulted using simulated lung-gastric solution, while that of As resulted using simulated lung-gastric-small intestinal tract solutions. Compared to SLF alone, metal(loid) dissolution using the inhalation-ingestion bioaccessibility assay (IIBA) was significantly higher (p<0.05) for all PM samples.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524902
[Au] Autor:Zhu S; Xia L; Wu J; Chen S; Chen F; Zeng F; Chen X; Chen C; Xia Y; Zhao X; Zhang J
[Ad] Address:Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610044, China.
[Ti] Title:Ambient air pollutants are associated with newly diagnosed tuberculosis: A time-series study in Chengdu, China.
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;631-632:47-55, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Although a few studies have analyzed the associations between ambient air pollutants and the development of tuberculosis (TB), most have been conducted in the core countries with inconsistent results. In this study, we used a distributed lag non-linear model to investigate the associations between the newly diagnosed TB cases and daily exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of <10µm (PM ), nitrogen dioxide (NO ), and sulfur dioxide (SO ) in Chengdu, a severely polluted city. There were 36,108 newly diagnosed active TB cases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015 in Chengdu. In a single-pollutant model, the cumulative relative risk of active TB cases was 1.06 [lag of 0 to 21days, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.11] for each 10µg/m increase in PM above the threshold of 70µg/m ; 1.06 (lag of 0 to 2days, 95% CI: 1.03-1.09) for each 10µg/m increase in NO above the threshold of 40µg/m ; and 1.07 (lag of 0 to 2days, 95% CI: 1.02-1.12) for each 10µg/m increase in SO above the threshold of 60µg/m . Meanwhile, we found a positive association in males after exposure to a 10µg/m increase in SO above the threshold of 60µg/m at a lag of 0 to 2days. Exposure to PM , NO , and SO was associated with an increment in the incidence of active TB cases.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524895
[Au] Autor:Li F; Schnelle-Kreis J; Cyrys J; Wolf K; Karg E; Gu J; Orasche J; Abbaszade G; Peters A; Zimmermann R
[Ad] Address:Joint Mass Spectrometry Center, Cooperation Group Comprehensive Molecular Analytics, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany; Joint Mass Spectrometry Center, Chair of Analytical Chemistry, University of Rostock, Germany.
[Ti] Title:Spatial and temporal variation of sources contributing to quasi-ultrafine particulate matter PM in Augsburg, Germany.
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;631-632:191-200, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: to study the sources contributing to quasi-ultrafine particle (UFP) organic carbon and the spatial temporal variability of the sources. METHOD: 24h quasi-UFP (particulate matter <0.36µm in this study) was sampled at a reference site continuously and at one of 5 other sites (T1, T2, T3, T4 and B1) in parallel in Augsburg, Germany from April 11th, 2014 to February 22nd, 2015, attempting to conduct 2-week campaigns at each site in 3 different seasons. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was applied to measured organic tracers for source apportionment analyses. Pearson correlation coefficient r and coefficient of divergence (COD) were calculated to investigate spatial temporal variation of source contributions. RESULT: 5 sources were identified comprising biomass burning (BB), traffic emissions (Traffic), biogenic secondary organic aerosol (bioSOA), isoprene originated secondary organic aerosol (isoSOA) and biomass burning related secondary organic aerosol (bbSOA). In general, good temporal correlation and uniform distribution within the study area are found for bioSOA and bbSOA, probably resulting from regional formation/transport. Lower temporal correlation and spatial heterogeneity of isoSOA were found at the city background site with local influence from green space and less traffic impact. BB demonstrated very good temporal correlation, but higher contributions at sites influenced by local residential heating emissions were observed. Traffic showed the least seasonality and lower correlation over time among the sources. However, it demonstrated low spatial heterogeneity of absolute contribution, and only a few days of elevated contribution was found at T3 when wind came directly from the street nearby. CONCLUSION: temporal correlation and spatial variability of sources contributing to the organic fraction of quasi-UFP vary among sites and source types and show source-specific characteristics. Therefore, caution should be taken when using one monitor site measurement to assess human exposure in health effect studies of quasi-UFP.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524893
[Au] Autor:Hao Z; Yin Y; Wang J; Cao D; Liu J
[Ad] Address:State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 2871, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.
[Ti] Title:Formation of organobromine and organoiodine compounds by engineered TiO nanoparticle-induced photohalogenation of dissolved organic matter in environmental waters.
[So] Source:Sci Total Environ;631-632:158-168, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1026
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:There are increasing concerns about the adverse effects of released engineered nanoparticles and photochemically formed organohalogen compounds (OHCs) on human health and the environment. Herein, we report that titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO NPs) can photocatalytically halogenate dissolved organic matter (DOM) to form a large number of organobromine compounds (OBCs) and organoiodine compounds (OICs), as characterized by negative ion electrospray ionization coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Compared with no OHCs produced in control samples in darkness and/or without TiO NPs under sunlight irradiation, various OBCs and OICs were detected in freshwater and seawater under sunlight irradiation for 12h and 24h even in the presence of 1mgL TiO NPs, indicating the photocatalytic roles TiO NPs played in DOM halogenation. Furthermore, TiO NPs could result in the photodegradation of newly formed OHCs, as evidenced by the intensity and the number of some OHCs decreased with reaction time. In addition, many TiO NP-induced OBCs contained two or three bromine atoms, and/or nitrogen and sulfur elements, belonging to lignin-like, tannin-like, unsaturated hydrocarbon and aliphatic compounds. While the OICs were primarily contained one iodine, and very few consisted of nitrogen and sulfur elements, most were lignin-like and tannin-like compounds. Finally, the OBCs in freshwater were found to be formed mainly via a substitution reaction or addition reaction and were accompanied by other reactions such as photooxidation, while the OBCs in seawater and OICs were formed primarily via substitution reactions. Given the abundance of produced OHCs and their toxicity, our findings call for further studies on the exact structure and toxicity of the formed OHCs, taking account the TiO NP-induced DOM photohalogenation in aquatic environments during the evaluation of the environmental effects of engineered TiO NPs.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524885
[Au] Autor:Chen Q; Wu S; Wu Y; Chen L; Pang Q
[Ad] Address:Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Ningbo No. 2 Hospital, Ningbo 315010, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Title:MiR-149 suppresses the inflammatory response of chondrocytes in osteoarthritis by down-regulating the activation of TAK1/NF-κB.
[So] Source:Biomed Pharmacother;101:763-768, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1950-6007
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that with the complication of disability, while inflammation is the important response of OA. MiR-149 was down-regulated in the OA tissues, while the potential mechanism of miR-149 in OA is unclear. METHODS: A total of 20 OA patients and 20 healthy persons were enrolled in the present study. Real-time PCR was used to detect miR-149 and the mRNA expression of TAK1, western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TAK1. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to identify the targeting relationship between miR-149 and TAK1. Elisa assay was used to identify the level of several pro-inflammatory cytokines. RESULTS: MiR-149 was down-regulated in both OA tissues and IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes, while the expression of TAK1 was opposite. TAK1 was the target gene miR-149 targets TAK1 to regulate its expression. Human normal chondrocytes subjected to IL-1ß significantly promoted the inflammatory response, and also accelerated the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, while alternatively si-TAK1, miR-149 mimic or PDTC reversed the effects of IL-1ß. Cells transfected with miR-149 inhibitor promotes the level of inflammation cytokines, as well as the activation of NF-κB, while cells co-transfected with si-TAK1 and miR-149 inhibitor abolishes the effects of miR-149 inhibitor. CONCLUSION: MiR-149 targets TAK1 to regulate the pathogenesis of OA, among which TAK1/NF-κB signaling acted as an important pathway in the inflammatory response that induced by IL-1ß.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher

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[PMID]: 29524884
[Au] Autor:Noitem R; Yuajit C; Soodvilai S; Muanprasat C; Chatsudthipong V
[Ad] Address:Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, Thailand.
[Ti] Title:Steviol slows renal cyst growth by reducing AQP2 expression and promoting AQP2 degradation.
[So] Source:Biomed Pharmacother;101:754-762, 2018 Mar 07.
[Is] ISSN:1950-6007
[Cp] Country of publication:France
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:Overexpression of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) was observed and suggested to be involved in fluid secretion leading to cyst enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The cyst expansion deteriorates the renal function and, therefore, therapies targeting cyst enlargement are of clinical interest. Of note, inhibition of vasopressin function using vasopressin 2 receptor (V2R) antagonist which decreased cAMP production along with AQP2 production and function can slow cyst growth in ADPKD. This finding supports the role of AQP2 in cyst enlargement. Steviol, a major metabolite of the sweetening compound stevioside, was reported to retard MDCK cyst growth and enlargement by inhibiting CFTR activity. Interestingly, its efficacy was found to be higher than that of CFTR -172. Since steviol was also found to produce diuresis in rodent, it is likely that steviol might have an additional effect in retarding cyst progression, such as inhibition of AQP2 expression and function. Here, we investigated the effect of steviol on AQP2 function and on cyst growth using an in vitro cyst model (MDCK and Pkd1 cells). We found that steviol could markedly inhibit cyst growth by reducing AQP2 expression in both Pkd1 and MDCK cells. Real-time PCR also revealed that steviol decreased AQP2 mRNA expression level as well. Moreover, a proteasome inhibitor, MG-132, and the lysosomotropic agent, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) were found to abolish the inhibitory effect of steviol in Pkd1 cells. Increased lysosomal enzyme marker (LAMP2) expression following steviol treatment clearly confirmed the involvement of lysosomes in steviol action. In conclusion, our finding showed for the first time that steviol slowed cyst growth, in part, by reducing AQP2 transcription, promoted proteasome, and lysosome-mediated AQP2 degradation. Due to its multiple actions, steviol is a promising compound for further development in the treatment of PKD.
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1803
[Cu] Class update date: 180310
[Lr] Last revision date:180310
[St] Status:Publisher


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