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Pesquisa : Doenças and Sexualmente and Transmissíveis [Palavras]
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[PMID]:25865907
[Au] Autor:Lim SH; Cheung DH; Guadamuz TE; Wei C; Koe S; Altice FL
[Ad] Endereço:Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS (CERiA), Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: howie.ceria@gmail.com....
[Ti] Título:Latent class analysis of substance use among men who have sex with men in Malaysia: Findings from the Asian Internet MSM Sex Survey.
[So] Source:Drug Alcohol Depend;151:31-7, 2015 Jun 1.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0046
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: High prevalence of substance use among men who have sex with men (MSM) may drive the HIV epidemic in Malaysia but patterns of substance use among Malaysian MSM have not been examined. Our study investigated specific Malaysian MSM risk groups to determine the association between their substance use and sexual risk behaviors. METHODS: Data from Malaysian respondents (n=1235) in a large, multinational online survey of Asian MSM in 2010 were used to identify latent classes of substance use. Subsequent covariates were included in a joint model to predict class membership. RESULTS: The 3-class model was identified as the best fitting model, which included: (1) 'negligible substance use' for those reporting none or using any substance sparingly; (2) 'soft substance use' for those using poppers, ecstasy and drinking before sex; and (3) 'amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use' for those using stimulants (methamphetamine, ecstasy), erectile dysfunction drugs and recreational drug use before sex. Men in the 'ATS use' category were significantly less likely to not know their HIV status (AOR: 0.30, 95%CI: 0.14,0.66), more likely to have had more than 6 male sex partners (AOR: 4.83, 95% CI: 1.92-12.2), to have group sex (AOR:4.07, 95% CI: 2.31-7.15), to report inconsistent condom use (AOR:2.01, 95% CI: 1.12-3.60), to be HIV-infected (AOR:3.92, 95% CI: 1.63-8.42) and to have had any sexually transmitted infections (AOR:3.92, 95% CI:1.70, 9.08), compared to men in the 'negligible substance use' category. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified subgroups of Malaysian MSM with distinct substance use patterns and HIV-related risk profiles, which provides implication for targeting HIV prevention in this subpopulation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Anfetaminas/epidemiologia
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Humanos
Internet
Malásia
Masculino
Prevalência
Assunção de Riscos
Sexo Seguro
Parceiros Sexuais
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160422
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160422
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150527
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27024733
[Ti] Título:Offenders more likely to contract STIs after release.
[So] Source:AIDS Policy Law;28(10):3, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0887-1493
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criminosos
Infecções por HIV
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Humanos
Delitos Sexuais
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23806743
[Au] Autor:Tao G; Hoover KW
[Ad] Endereço:Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, MS-E80, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.
[Ti] Título:Differences in access to healthcare and utilisation of HIV and sexually transmissible infection services between men who have sex with men and men who have sex only with women: results of the 2006-10 National Survey of Family Growth in the United States.
[So] Source:Sex Health;10(4):363-8, 2013 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1448-5028
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: Background Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience disparities in access to healthcare and have specific healthcare needs. METHODS: We analysed data from the 2006-10 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to examine differences in access to healthcare and HIV and sexually transmissible infection (STI) related health services by MSM and non-MSM among men in the United States aged 15-44 years who have ever had sex. MSM and sexually active MSM were identified in the NSFG as men who had ever had oral or anal sex with another man, or who had sex in the past 12 months with another man, respectively. Access was measured by the type of health insurance, having a usual place for receiving healthcare and type of usual place. RESULTS: Of men aged 15-44 years who have ever had sex, there were no significant differences between MSM and non-MSM in the three access measures. MSM were more likely than non-MSM to receive HIV counselling (22.5% v. 8.3%) and STI testing (26.2% v. 15.6%) in the past 12 months, or to ever have had HIV testing (67.8% v. 44.6%). STI testing in the past 12 months was reported by 38.7% of sexually active MSM. CONCLUSION: Our findings show no significant differences in access to healthcare between MSM and non-MSM. MSM were more likely to receive HIV- and STI-related preventive services than non-MSM. However, the low STI testing rate among MSM highlights the need for interventions to increase STI testing, and HIV and STI counselling for MSM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV
Homossexualidade Masculina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Humanos
Masculino
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130801
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1071/SH13017


  4 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23806620
[Au] Autor:Read PJ; Knight V; Bourne C; Guy R; Donovan B; Allan W; McNulty AM
[Ad] Endereço:Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney Hospital, GPO Box 1614, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Community event-based outreach screening for syphilis and other sexually transmissible infections among gay men in Sydney, Australia.
[So] Source:Sex Health;10(4):357-62, 2013 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1448-5028
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: Objectives Increased testing frequency is a key strategy in syphilis control, but achieving regular testing is difficult. The objective of this study is to describe a sexually transmissible infection (STI) testing outreach program (the Testing Tent) at a gay community event. METHODS: Gay men attending the testing tent in 2010-11 completed a computer-assisted self-interview and were screened for STIs. Clinical, demographic, behavioural and diagnostic data were compared with gay men attending a clinic-based service during 2009. The Testing Tent was marketed on social media sites and data were extracted on the number of times the advertisements were viewed. Staffing, laboratory, marketing and venue hire expenses were calculated to estimate the cost of delivering the service. RESULTS: Ninety-eight men attended the Testing Tent. They were older (median age: 42 years v. 30 years; P<0.001), had more sex partners (median: five in 3 months v. two; P<0.001) and more likely to inject drugs (9% v. 4%; P=0.034) than the 1006 clinic attendees, but were more likely to have previously tested for STIs (81% v. 69%; P=0.028) and to always use condoms for anal sex (59% v. 43%; P=0.005). Five cases of STIs were detected; the diagnostic yield was not significantly different from that of the clinic. The cost of the Testing Tent was A$28?440. CONCLUSION: Nonclinical testing facilities are an acceptable option and are accessed by gay men requiring regular testing, and may be an important addition to traditional testing environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade Masculina
Sífilis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Humanos
Masculino
Parceiros Sexuais
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Sífilis/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130801
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1071/SH13012


  5 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23611436
[Au] Autor:Tothill NF; Smith AM; Regan DG
[Ad] Endereço:The Kirby Institute, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Heterosexual partner acquisition rates in the Australian population.
[So] Source:Sex Health;10(4):382-4, 2013 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1448-5028
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The rate of partner acquisition in a population is an important parameter when constructing epidemiological models of sexually transmissible infections. We have analysed the results of a survey of the sexual behaviour of the Australian population to estimate how many people have acquired no new partner, one, two or at least three new partners in the past year, and hence estimated heterosexual partner acquisition rates for the population by gender and age band. Partner acquisition rates are ~0.5 new partners per year for 16- to 19-year-olds, peak at ~0.7 in the 20- to 24-year-old age band, and then decline steadily with age to ~0.2 per year. In all age bands, there are more male respondents reporting three or more new partners in the last year than what is consistent with the rest of the data, which could be interpreted as evidence of an additional population stratum characterised by higher partner acquisition rates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Heterossexualidade
Parceiros Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Humanos
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130801
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1071/SH12169


  6 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23782632
[Au] Autor:Kersaudy-Rahib D; Clément J; Lamboy B; Lydié N
[Ti] Título:[Evidence-based and promising interventions to prevent sexually transmitted diseases: a literature review].
[Ti] Título:Interventions validées ou prometteuses en prévention des Infections Sexuellement Transmissibles (IST)?: synthèse de la littérature..
[So] Source:Sante Publique;25 Suppl 1:13-23, 2013 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0995-3914
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:There has been a significant increase in the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in France over the past decade. The prevention and control of STDs are a major focus of the 2010-2014 national strategic plan on HIV and STDs. This paper reviews the current knowledge of evidence-based programs aimed at preventing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The study used a standard protocol to identify and review the literature and to classify the selected interventions. Twenty-seven interventions were found to have an impact on STD prevention. The study also found that most of the interventions were aimed at adolescents and were implemented in schools. This study aims to improve current interventions in this area and to promote the development and implementation of new programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
Humanos
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130620
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27024027
[Ti] Título:FDA notifications. CDC issues STD treatment update. Updated information on HIV, STDs.
[So] Source:AIDS Alert;26(1):11-12, 2011 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0887-0292
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19435536
[Au] Autor:Deniaud F; Legros P; Collignon A; Prévôt M; Domingo A; Ayache B
[Ti] Título:[Targeted screening proposed in 6 migrant worker housing units in Paris in 2005: feasibility and impact study.].
[Ti] Título:Dépistages ciblés proposés dans 6 foyers de migrants à Paris en 2005 : étude de faisabilité et d'impact..
[So] Source:Sante Publique;20(6):547-59, 2008 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0995-3914
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Within the framework of the Mobile Radiological TB Screening Unit of the Health Department of Paris (DASES), six migrant worker housing units were selected to benefit from the presence of a health care professional on-site. This presence would ensure that following a chest X-Ray, residents would be offered the possibility of an interview with a general practitioner about Schistosoma haematobium (Sch. h.) including: collection of a urine specimen on-site (microscopic detection of eggs performed at the lab the next day), and free medical consultation (CDO) in a neighbouring municipal free clinic proposed to people expressing a health problem. The objective is to assess feasibility and impact of screenings undertaken on-site and thereafter, within free clinics. CDO have been created for precarious populations by the DASES in 1998. 97 persons received an individual interview, of which 52 have undergone Sch. h. screening. 3 cases were found (5.7%). 57 persons went to the CDO out of 75 to whom it was offered (18 no-show). In total, 33 pathologies were detected among 24 patients: HBV infection (7 cases), Sch. h. (9 cases), intestinal parasitic infection (5 cases), sexually transmitted infection (2 cases), HIV-2 infection (1 case) and fewer non infectious diseases. The treatable diseases detected have all been treated free of charge. Community health services which involve screening and assessment by going directly to those persons in migrant worker housings is worthwhile for Sch. h. (although it is less efficient on-site than in CDO) and for HBV screening. This personalized, individual, and targeted contact supports the development trust and confidence of the migrants in order to then visit a GP and a social worker in a Municipal Clinic. But the follow-up of people diagnosed with a chronic disease is uncertain and costly for patients without full social security coverage. The continuation of such prevention programmes is recommended in such housing units.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Habitação
Migrantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Crônica
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Humanos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3917/spub.086.0547


  9 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19435535
[Au] Autor:Khzami SE; Berger D; El Hage F; De La Forest V; Bernard S; Abrougui M; Joly J; Jourdan D; de Carvalho G
[Ti] Título:[Impact of teachers' conceptions on sex education in four Mediterranean countries.].
[Ti] Título:Description et déterminants des conceptions des enseignants de 4 pays méditerranéens sur l'éducation à la sexualité.
[So] Source:Sante Publique;20(6):527-45, 2008 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0995-3914
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Nowadays, sex education contributes to public health not only with regard to the prevention of HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted infections and sex abuse, but it is also concerned with addressing aspects such as interpersonal relationships and psychosocial implications. The school setting has emerged as a unique environment for access to information and scientific knowledge that contribute to better understanding of the various dimensions of sexuality. Teachers' and future teachers' conceptions about sex education are analysed in this paper. Data were obtained from a questionnaire designed by the European Biohead-Citizen research project. Responses were received from 2 537 teachers from four Mediterranean countries (Tunisia, Lebanon, Morocco and France) who completed the questionnaire. The methodology is based upon analyses of core components that support the discovery of teachers' conceptions. Following that exercise, standardised factorial scores were calculated. Results for in-service and pre-service teachers show high correlations between their conceptions and national culture, religious beliefs, and level of academic training. Detailed results are presented and discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Humanos
Comportamento Sexual
Sexualidade
Questionários
Ensino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3917/spub.086.0527


  10 / 21374 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:15923758
[Au] Autor:Kopec D; Eckhardt R; Tamang S; Reinharth D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Computer and Information Science, Brooklyn College, CUNY, USA.
[Ti] Título:Towards a Mobile Intelligent Information System with Application to HIV/AIDS.
[So] Source:Stud Health Technol Inform;114:30-5, 2005.
[Is] ISSN:0926-9630
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The United Nations Security Council reports HIV/AIDS as the fastest growing threat to human development. In addition, the World Health Organization [1] reports that nearly 5 million persons (4.3 million adults and 700,000 children) are newly infected with HIV each year; more than 95% of them found in developing countries. Since STDs as a group are a personal problem which few people feel comfortable discussing, we believe that hand-held PDAs can provide an opportunity for learning about this disease while insuring anonymity. This device will employ the newest technologies including Bluetooth wireless technology, which can transmit and receive data via a short-range radio link using a globally available frequency band (2.4 GHz ISM band), enabling rapid and accurate synchronous and asynchronous data communication. The first generation of Bluetooth permits exchange of data up to a rate of 1 Mbps, even in areas with much electromagnetic disturbance. This emerging technology can facilitate HIV/AIDS outreach around the globe.Recent advances in learning have taken a particularly cognitive perspective and these findings have implications for education in general as well as for the development of intelligent tutoring systems in particular. In the past, effective SmartBookstrade markhave been developed for AIDS education to disseminate the critical knowledge relevant to this epidemic [2].Since 1993, the proliferation of the World Wide Web has created a plethora of new opportunities for the delivery of electronic distance learning systems. However, we feel that it is important that a whatever technology is employed is based on a sound educational theory. A new, comprehensive, web-based learning system called SmartTutor has been developed, at Brooklyn College of The City University of New York [3]. This technology provides a user-friendly, self-paced, easy to modify, software environment intended to serve the user's learning needs and is based on a generic SmartTutor methodology organized around the use of concept mapping. Early assessment of SmartTutor has shown that it is well received by students and helps significantly in their learning processes. It is readily adaptable to the presentation of academic and more general subject matter such as the latest available information on HIV/AIDS. Our new HIV/AIDS SmartTutor will incorporate this SmartTutor paradigm. Our new SmartTutor would provide worldwide access to medical professionals as well as the general public to learn about HIV/AIDS. This new device could also provide a survey tool to facilitate HIV risk assessment. Demonstrations of the SmartTutor learning system will be presented and the continued development of the applications will be discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmissíveis
Países em Desenvolvimento
Humanos
Inteligência
Internet
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:050530
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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