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Pesquisa : Doenças and Sexualmente and Transmissíveis [Palavras]
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  1 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24338606
[Au] Autor:Castellsagué X; Pawlita M; Roura E; Margall N; Waterboer T; Bosch FX; de Sanjosé S; Gonzalez CA; Dillner J; Gram IT; Tjønneland A; Munk C; Pala V; Palli D; Khaw KT; Barnabas RV; Overvad K; Clavel-Chapelon F; Boutron-Ruault MC; Fagherazzi G; Kaaks R; Lukanova A; Steffen A; Trichopoulou A; Trichopoulos D; Klinaki E; Tumino R; Sacerdote C; Mattiello A; Bueno-de-Mesquita HB; Peeters PH; Lund E; Weiderpass E; Quirós JR; Sánchez MJ; Navarro C; Barricarte A; Larrañaga N; Ekström J; Hortlund M; Lindquist D; Wareham N; Travis RC; Rinaldi S; Tommasino M; Franceschi S; Riboli E
[Ad] Endereço:Unit of Infections and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)-IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Prospective seroepidemiologic study on the role of Human Papillomavirus and other infections in cervical carcinogenesis: evidence from the EPIC cohort.
[So] Source:Int J Cancer;135(2):440-52, 2014 Jul 15.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0215
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To evaluate prospectively the association between serological markers of selected infections, including HPV, and risk of developing cervical cancer (CC) and precancer, we performed a nested case-control study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study that included 184 cases of invasive CC (ICC), 425 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 3 or carcinoma in situ (CIS), and 1,218 matched control women. At enrollment participants completed lifestyle questionnaires and provided sera. Subjects were followed-up for a median of 9 years. Immunoassays were used to detect serum antibodies to Human Herpes Virus 2 (HHV-2), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Chlamydia pneumoniae, L1 proteins of mucosal and cutaneous HPV types, E6/E7 proteins of HPV16/18, as well as to four polyomaviruses. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) [and 95% confidence intervals (CI)] for CIN3/CIS and ICC risk were respectively: 1.6 (1.2-2.0) and 1.8 (1.1-2.7) for L1 seropositivity to any mucosal HPV type, 1.0 (0.4-2.4) and 7.4 (2.8-19.7) for E6 seropositivity to HPV16/18, 1.3 (0.9-1.9) and 2.3 (1.3-4.1) for CT seropositivity, and 1.4 (1.0-2.0) and 1.5 (0.9-2.6) for HHV-2 seropositivity. The highest OR for ICC was observed for HPV16 E6 seropositivity [OR = 10.2 (3.3-31.1)]. Increasing number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was associated with increasing risk. Non-STIs were not associated with CC risk. In conclusion, this large prospective study confirms the important role of HPV and a possible contribution of CT and HHV-2 in cervical carcinogenesis. It further identifies HPV16 E6 seropositivity as the strongest marker to predict ICC well before disease development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/complicações
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/sangue
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/microbiologia
Infecções por Chlamydia/sangue
Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Herpes Genital/sangue
Herpes Genital/complicações
Herpes Genital/epidemiologia
Humanos
Meia-Idade
Infecções por Papillomavirus/sangue
Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações
Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/sangue
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Marcadores Biológicos de Tumor/sangue
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/sangue
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Tumor Markers, Biological)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1406
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140508
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ijc.28665


  2 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23859955
[Au] Autor:Ahrens KR; McCarty C; Simoni J; Dworsky A; Courtney ME
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Seattle Children's Hospital & Research Institute, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: kym.ahrens@seattlechildrens.org.
[Ti] Título:Psychosocial pathways to sexually transmitted infection risk among youth transitioning out of foster care: evidence from a longitudinal cohort study.
[So] Source:J Adolesc Health;53(4):478-85, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1972
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To test the fit of a theoretically driven conceptual model of pathways to sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among foster youth transitioning to adulthood. The model included (1) historical abuse and foster care experiences; (2) mental health and attachment style in late adolescence; and (3) STI risk in young adulthood. METHODS: We used path analysis to analyze data from a longitudinal study of 732 youth transitioning out of foster care. Covariates included gender, race, and an inverse probability weight. We also performed moderation analyses comparing models constrained and unconstrained by gender. RESULTS: Thirty percent reported they or a partner had been diagnosed with an STI. Probability of other measured STI risk behaviors ranged from 9% (having sex for money) to 79% (inconsistent condom use). Overall model fit was good (Standardized Root Mean Square Residual of .026). Increased risk of oppositional/delinquent behaviors mediated an association between abuse history and STI risk, via increased inconsistent condom use. There was also a borderline association with having greater than five partners. Having a very close relationship with a caregiver and remaining in foster care beyond age 18 years decreased STI risk. Moderation analysis revealed better model fit when coefficients were allowed to vary by gender versus a constrained model, but few significant differences in individual path coefficients were found between male and female-only models. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions/policies that (1) address externalizing trauma sequelae; (2) promote close, stable substitute caregiver relationships; and (3) extend care to age 21 years have the potential to decrease STI risk in this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Cuidados no Lar de Adoção/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Humanos
Illinois
Iowa
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
Wisconsin
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130923
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23834822
[Au] Autor:Averbach SH; Hacker MR; Yiu T; Modest AM; Dimitrakoff J; Ricciotti HA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, USA.
[Ti] Título:Mycoplasma genitalium and preterm delivery at an urban community health center.
[So] Source:Int J Gynaecol Obstet;123(1):54-7, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3479
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To determine the prepartum prevalence of cervical Mycoplasma genitalium colonization and evaluate prospectively whether colonization is associated with preterm delivery among women from a racial/ethnic minority background with a high risk of delivering a low birth weight newborn and a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study at an urban community health center in Roxbury, MA, USA, 100 women receiving routine prenatal care for singleton pregnancies were enrolled between August 2010 and December 2011. Endocervical samples were tested for M. genitalium, and delivery data were collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of M. genitalium colonization at the first prenatal visit was 8.4%. The incidence of low birth weight was 16.7%. The incidence of preterm delivery among women who were known to have a live birth was 16.7%. The incidence of preterm delivery did not differ with respect to M. genitalium colonization. The crude odds ratio for preterm delivery among women with M. genitalium colonization versus those without was 1.27 (95% confidence interval, 0.02-14.78). CONCLUSION: M. genitalium colonization was not associated with preterm delivery among women with a high incidence of low birth weight newborns and preterm delivery, and a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia
Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia
Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária
Feminino
Humanos
Incidência
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso
Recém-Nascido
Massachusetts
Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia
Nascimento Prematuro/microbiologia
Prevalência
Estudos Prospectivos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Serviços Urbanos de Saúde
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130916
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24266415
[Au] Autor:Binswanger IA; Mueller SR; Beaty BL; Min SJ; Corsi KF
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine , University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora , CO , USA.
[Ti] Título:Gender and risk behaviors for HIV and sexually transmitted infections among recently released inmates: A prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:AIDS Care;26(7):872-81, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1360-0451
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Women in prison have a higher prevalence of HIV than men. After release from prison, former inmates have the opportunity to engage in risk behaviors for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We sought to assess change in risk behaviors over time and the association of gender with risk behavior in the postrelease period. In this prospective cohort study, we interviewed 200 former inmates (51 women) approximately two weeks (baseline) and three months (follow-up) after release and tested them for HIV infection at follow-up. We examined the association of gender with unprotected vaginal or anal sex in the last seven days using chi-square and Fisher's exact tests and multivariable logistic regression. At baseline, 22% of men and 41% of women reported unprotected vaginal sex (p < 0.01) and 5% of men and 8% of women reported unprotected anal sex (p = 0.51). Being younger (OR for each decade increase 0.48, 95% CI = 0.29-0.80), being gay/lesbian or being bisexual (compared with being heterosexual, OR = 4.74, 95% CI = 1.01-22.17 and OR = 3.98, 95% CI = 1.41-11.26, respectively), or reporting a drug of choice of heroin/speedballs or cocaine/crack (compared with marijuana/no drug of choice, OR = 24.00, 95% CI = 5.15-111.81 and OR = 3.49, 95% CI = 1.20-10.18, respectively) was associated with unprotected vaginal or anal sex after adjusting for race, homelessness, and hazardous drinking. At follow-up, 21% of men and 44% of women reported unprotected sex (p = 0.005), and female gender (OR = 4.42, 95% CI = 1.79-10.94) and hazardous drinking (compared with not meeting criteria for hazardous drinking, OR = 3.64, 95% CI = 1.34-9.86) were associated with unprotected sex, adjusting for race and homelessness. In this population with a high prevalence of HIV, we demonstrated persistent engagement in sexual risk behavior during the postrelease period. Enhanced efforts to promote sexual health and reduced risk behavior among both male and female current and former prison inmates are needed, including improved access to preventive care and HIV and STI screening, testing, and treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Assunção de Riscos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Bissexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos de Coortes
Comorbidade
Feminino
Seguimentos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico
Homossexualidade Feminina/estatística & dados numéricos
Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos
Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
Masculino
Razão de Chances
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Distribuição por Sexo
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Estados Unidos
Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140416
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09540121.2013.859650


  5 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24206043
[Au] Autor:Reisner SL; White JM; Mayer KH; Mimiaga MJ
[Ad] Endereço:a The Fenway Institute , Fenway Health , Boston , MA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Sexual risk behaviors and psychosocial health concerns of female-to-male transgender men screening for STDs at an urban community health center.
[So] Source:AIDS Care;26(7):857-64, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1360-0451
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The sexual health of female-to-male (FTM) transgender men remains understudied. De-identified electronic medical records of 23 FTMs (mean age = 32, 48% racial/ethnic minority) who screened for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) between July and December 2007 at a Boston, Massachusetts area health center were analyzed. Almost half (48%) were on testosterone and 39% had undergone chest surgery; none had undergone genital reconstruction. The majority (57%) were bisexual, and 30% reported sex with nontransgender males only in the prior three months. One individual was HIV-infected (4.3%) and two (8.7%) had a history of STDs (all laboratory-confirmed). Overall, 26% engaged in sexual risk behavior in the prior three months (i.e., unprotected sex with a nontransgender male, condom breakage, or anonymous sex). The majority (61%) had a DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition) diagnosis (52% depression, 52% anxiety, and 26% adjustment disorder), and regular alcohol use was common (65%). Alcohol use, psychosocial distress histories, and sex with males only (versus with males and females) were associated with sexual risk in the past three months. Transgender men have concomitant psychosocial health vulnerabilities which may contribute to sexual risk behaviors. Future research is needed to understand the myriad social, behavioral, and biological factors that contribute to HIV and STD vulnerability for FTMs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Boston/epidemiologia
Centros Comunitários de Saúde
Comorbidade
Feminino
Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia
Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos
Sexo sem Proteção/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140416
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09540121.2013.855701


  6 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24045286
[Au] Autor:Broaddus MR; Dickson-Gomez J
[Ad] Endereço:1Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.
[Ti] Título:Text messaging for sexual communication and safety among African American young adults.
[So] Source:Qual Health Res;23(10):1344-53, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1049-7323
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:African American young adults are at high risk of HIV infection during their lifetimes, and the male condom remains the best method of prevention. Efforts to increase condom use should address the barrier of condom negotiation. We conducted a thematic analysis of qualitative, semistructured interviews with African American young adults to examine their use of text messaging for requesting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and condom use within the larger context of general sexual communication using text messages. Text messaging gave participants a level of comfort and disinhibition to discuss sexual topics and negotiate sexual safety. Benefits of text messages included ease of communication, privacy, and increased ability to express condom desires. Difficulties reflected the potential relationship implications of suggesting HIV/STI testing and condom use. Condom negotiation strategies using text messages also mirrored those found to be used in face-to-face communication.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afro-Americanos/psicologia
Comunicação
Sexo Seguro/psicologia
Mensagem de Texto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Preservativos/utilização
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia
Mensagem de Texto/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1408
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131002
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1049732313505712


  7 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24011111
[Au] Autor:Masters NT; Beadnell B; Morrison DM; Hoppe MJ; Wells EA
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, Box 354900, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address: tmasters@uw.edu.
[Ti] Título:Multidimensional characterization of sexual minority adolescents' sexual safety strategies.
[So] Source:J Adolesc;36(5):953-61, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9254
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths' risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers'. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19. Data collection took place anonymously online. We identified four specific subgroup profiles for males and three for females, with each subgroup representing a different level and type of sexual safety. Profiles differed from each other in terms of age and outness for males, and in outness, personal homonegativity, and amount of education received about sexual/romantic relationships for females. Youths' sexual safety profiles have practice implications for sexuality educators, health care professionals, and parents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupos Minoritários
Sexo Seguro
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Bissexualidade
Feminino
Homossexualidade Feminina
Homossexualidade Masculina
Humanos
Masculino
Questionários
Pessoas Transgênero
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1401
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130909
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23377757
[Au] Autor:Galárraga O; Sosa-Rubí SG; Infante C; Gertler PJ; Bertozzi SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
[Ti] Título:Willingness-to-accept reductions in HIV risks: conditional economic incentives in Mexico.
[So] Source:Eur J Health Econ;15(1):41-55, 2014 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1618-7601
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this study was to measure willingness-to-accept (WTA) reductions in risks for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) using conditional economic incentives (CEI) among men who have sex with men (MSM), including male sex workers (MSW) in Mexico City. A survey experiment was conducted with 1,745 MSM and MSW (18-25 years of age) who received incentive offers to decide first whether to accept monthly prevention talks and STI testing; and then a second set of offers to accept to stay free of STIs (verified by quarterly biological testing). The survey used random-starting-point and iterative offers. WTA was estimated with a maximum likelihood double-bounded dichotomous choice model. The average acceptance probabilities were: 73.9 % for the monthly model, and 80.4 % for the quarterly model. The incentive-elasticity of participation in the monthly model was 0.222, and 0.515 in the quarterly model. For a combination program with monthly prevention talks, and staying free of curable STI, the implied WTA was USD$ 288 per person per year, but it was lower for MSW: USD$ 156 per person per year. Thus, some of the populations at highest risk of HIV infection (MSM and MSW) seem well disposed to participate in a CEI program for HIV and STI prevention in Mexico. The average WTA estimate is within the range of feasible allocations for prevention in the local context. Given the potential impact, Mexico, a leader in conditional cash transfers for human development and poverty reduction, could extend that successful model to targeted HIV/STI prevention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/economia
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Educação em Saúde/economia
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Homossexualidade Masculina
Motivação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Preservativos/utilização
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Humanos
Masculino
México/epidemiologia
Assunção de Riscos
Profissionais do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141007
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141007
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10198-012-0447-y


  9 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24275732
[Au] Autor:Robertson AM; Syvertsen JL; Palinkas LA; Vera A; Rangel G; Martinez G; Strathdee SA
[Ad] Endereço:From the *Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA; †School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; ‡El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, México; and §Federación Mexicana de Asociaciones Privadas, Ciudad Juárez, México.
[Ti] Título:Sex workers' noncommercial male partners who inject drugs report higher-risk sexual behaviors.
[So] Source:Sex Transm Dis;40(10):801-3, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1537-4521
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Female sex workers are less likely to use condoms with noncommercial male partners than clients. We compare noncommercial male partners who do and do not inject drugs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. Sexual risk behaviors were more prevalent among injectors, who could promote HIV/sexually transmitted infection transmission in this region.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Preservativos/utilização
Profissionais do Sexo
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Parceiros Sexuais
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
México/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia
Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1407
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141008
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141008
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000016


  10 / 20229 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24275726
[Au] Autor:Williams CM; Clear ER; Coker AL
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
[Ti] Título:Sexual coercion and sexual violence at first intercourse associated with sexually transmitted infections.
[So] Source:Sex Transm Dis;40(10):771-5, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1537-4521
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Violence against women has been associated with subsequent risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We explored whether sexual coercion or violence at first intercourse was associated with self-reported STIs. METHODS: Using nationally representative data from the 2006 to 2010 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female respondents aged 18 to 44 (n = 9466) who answered questions on coercion at first intercourse (wantedness, voluntariness, and types of force used) and STIs using logistic regression analyses. We explored degrees of coercion, which we label as neither, sexual coercion (unwanted or nonphysical force), or sexual violence (involuntary or physical force). RESULTS: Eighteen percent of US women reported sexual coercion, and 8.4% experienced sexual violence at first intercourse. Compared with women who experienced neither, the odds of reporting an STI was significantly greater for women who experienced sexual coercion (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.60), after controlling for all variables. The association between sexual violence at first intercourse and STIs (odds ratio, 1.20; 95% confidence interval, 0.91-1.57) seemed to be attenuated by subsequent sexual violence. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding that women who reported a variety of coercive sexual experiences are more likely to have contracted an STI may indicate a need to focus on the broader continuum of sexual violence to fully understand the impact of even subtle forms of violence on women's health. In addition, focusing on subsequent sexual behaviors and other negative consequences remains important to improve the sexual health of women who have experienced coercive sexual intercourse.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coerção
Coito
Saúde Reprodutiva
Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Saúde da Mulher
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Coito/psicologia
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Humanos
Razão de Chances
Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle
Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1407
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141008
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141008
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000011



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