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  1 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28968923
[Au] Autor:Filipovic L; Romic M; Romic D; Filipovic V; Ondrasek G
[Ad] Endereço:University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Amelioration, Svetosimunska 2510000 Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: lfilipovic@agr.hr.
[Ti] Título:Organic matter and salinity modify cadmium soil (phyto)availability.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:824-831, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although Cd availability depends on its total concentration in soil, it is ultimately defined by the processes which control its mobility, transformations and soil solution speciation. Cd mobility between different soil fractions can be significantly affected by certain pedovariables such as soil organic matter (SOM; over formation of metal-organic complexes) and/or soil salinity (over formation of metal-inorganic complexes). Phytoavailable Cd fraction may be described as the proportion of the available Cd in soil which is actually accessible by roots and available for plant uptake. Therefore, in a greenhouse pot experiment Cd availability was observed in the rhizosphere of faba bean exposed to different levels of SOM, NaCl salinity (50 and 100mM) and Cd contamination (5 and 10mgkg ). Cd availability in soil does not linearly follow its total concentration. Still, increasing soil Cd concentration may lead to increased Cd phytoavailability if the proportion of Cd pool in soil solution is enhanced. Reduced Cd (phyto)availability by raised SOM was found, along with increased proportion of Cd-DOC complexes in soil solution. Data suggest decreased Cd soil (phyto)availability with the application of salts. NaCl salinity affected Cd speciation in soil solution by promoting the formation of CdCl complexes. Results possibly suggest that increased Cd mobility in soil does not result in its increased availability if soil adsorption capacity for Cd has not been exceeded. Accordingly, chloro-complex possibly operated just as a Cd carrier between different soil fractions and resulted only in transfer between solid phases and not in increased (phyto)availability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cádmio/análise
Substâncias Húmicas/análise
Salinidade
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disponibilidade Biológica
Croácia
Modelos Teóricos
Raízes de Plantas/química
Rizosfera
Cloreto de Sódio/análise
Vicia faba/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Humic Substances); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29500810
[Au] Autor:Mattila P; Mäkinen S; Eurola M; Jalava T; Pihlava JM; Hellström J; Pihlanto A
[Ad] Endereço:Natural Resources Institute, 20520, Turku, Finland. pirjo.mattila@luke.fi.
[Ti] Título:Nutritional Value of Commercial Protein-Rich Plant Products.
[So] Source:Plant Foods Hum Nutr;, 2018 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1573-9104
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The goal of this work was to analyze nutritional value of various minimally processed commercial products of plant protein sources such as faba bean (Vicia faba), lupin (Lupinus angustifolius), rapeseed press cake (Brassica rapa/napus subsp. Oleifera), flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum), oil hemp seed (Cannabis sativa), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Basic composition and various nutritional components like amino acids, sugars, minerals, and dietary fiber were determined. Nearly all the samples studied could be considered as good sources of essential amino acids, minerals and dietary fiber. The highest content of crude protein (over 30 g/100 g DW) was found in faba bean, blue lupin and rapeseed press cake. The total amount of essential amino acids (EAA) ranged from 25.8 g/16 g N in oil hemp hulls to 41.5 g/16 g N in pearled quinoa. All the samples studied have a nutritionally favorable composition with significant health benefit potential. Processing (dehulling or pearling) affected greatly to the contents of analyzed nutrients.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180303
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180303
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11130-018-0660-7


  3 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29486054
[Au] Autor:Munir R; Konnerup D; Khan HA; Siddique KHM; Colmer TD
[Ad] Endereço:UWA School of Agriculture and Environment, Faculty of Science, The University of Western Australia, LB 5005, Perth, WA, 6001, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Sensitivity of chickpea and faba bean to root-zone hypoxia, elevated ethylene and carbon dioxide.
[So] Source:Plant Cell Environ;, 2018 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3040
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During soil waterlogging, plants experience O deficits, elevated ethylene and high CO in the root-zone. The effects on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) of ethylene (2 µL L ), CO (2-20% v/v) or deoxygenated stagnant solution were evaluated. Ethylene and high CO reduced root growth of both species, but O deficiency had the most damaging effect and especially so for chickpea. Chickpea suffered root tip death when in deoxygenated stagnant solution. High CO inhibited root respiration and reduced growth, while sugars accumulated in root tips, of both species. Gas-filled porosity of the basal portion of the primary root of faba bean (23%, v/v) was greater than for chickpea (10%) and internal O movement was more prominent in faba bean when in an O -free medium. Ethylene treatment increased the porosity of roots. The damaging effects of low O , such as death of root tips, resulted in poor recovery of root growth upon reaeration. In conclusion, ethylene and high CO partially inhibited root extension in both species, but low O in deoxygenated stagnant solution had the most damaging effect, even causing death of root tips in chickpea which was more sensitive to the low O condition than faba bean.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1111/pce.13173


  4 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29274498
[Au] Autor:Kajtoch L; Montagna M; Wanat M
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals Polish Academy of Sciences, Slawkowska 17, 31-016 Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: lukasz.kajtoch@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Species delimitation within the Bothryorrhynchapion weevils: Multiple evidence from genetics, morphology and ecological associations.
[So] Source:Mol Phylogenet Evol;120:354-363, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9513
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Curculionidae is a hyperdiverse group of beetles, whose taxonomy and phylogenetics are still poorly understood, especially at the genus level. The latest work on the evolution of Apionini showed a noticeable "mess" in the subtribe Oxystomatina, where most of the morphology-based genera were found to be polyphyletic or paraphyletic. These discrepancies between classical taxonomy and molecular phylogenetics implied the need for further taxonomic revision of these groups. Here, we used sets of morphological, molecular and ecological characters to verify the taxonomic statuses and disentangle the phylogenetic relations among the Bothryorrhynchapion apionids, which are classified as a subgenus of Cyanapion. Morphological data including morphometrics, and multilocus molecular analyses confirmed the monophyly of the Bothryorrhynchapion and species statuses of five species. The morphological analyses showed that Cyanapion (Bothryorrhynchapion) protractum (Sharp, 1891) from the southeast Palaearctic is a synonym of C. (B.) gyllenhalii (Kirby). Moreover, ecological features (host plant use and presence/absence of the endosymbiotic bacteria Wolbachia) helped to unravel the relations among the examined weevils. The speciation of Bothryorrhynchapion apionids was probably affected by allopatric distribution, shifts in the preferred host plants (Vicia sp. or Lathyrus sp.) of sympatric taxa, and infection by different strains of Wolbachia. The paper presents the first comprehensive description of the species' morphology, biology and ecology, and includes a key to the species.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[St] Status:In-Data-Review


  5 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29407777
[Au] Autor:Liu T; Wang J; Wang J; Zhu L
[Ad] Endereço:Tobacco Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Qingdao 266101, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Assessing the influence of 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride on soil characteristics and Vicia faba seedlings.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;152:114-120, 2018 May 15.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) have attracted increasing attention in recent years. The IL 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C mim]Cl) has been widely used in the chemical industry. In this study, the influence of [C mim]Cl on Vicia faba seedlings, soil physicochemical properties and soil enzyme activities was investigated for the first time. Meanwhile, the variation of [C mim]Cl concentrations in soil was monitored during the exposure period. The present results showed that the concentration of [C mim]Cl remained stable in the tested soil with a change rate of no more than 10% during the exposure period. The 50% effective concentration (EC ) values for shoot length, root length and dry weight were 188, 69 and 132 mg kg , respectively. At 200 mg kg and 400 mg kg , [C mim]Cl had significant influence on soil organic matter content, pH value and conductivity value. At 40 mg kg , the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were obviously enhanced, resulting in oxidative stress effects in Vicia faba seedling leaves. Additionally, the soil enzyme activities changed significantly at 40 mg kg .
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[St] Status:In-Process


  6 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29471320
[Au] Autor:Rivers AN; Mullen CA; Barbercheck ME
[Ad] Endereço:School of Sustainability, Arizona State University.
[Ti] Título:Cover Crop Species and Management Influence Predatory Arthropods and Predation in an Organically Managed, Reduced-Tillage Cropping System.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;, 2018 Jan 29.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Agricultural practices affect arthropod communities and, therefore, have the potential to influence the activities of arthropods. We evaluated the effect of cover crop species and termination timing on the activity of ground-dwelling predatory arthropods in a corn-soybean-wheat rotation in transition to organic production in Pennsylvania, United States. We compared two cover crop treatments: 1) hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) planted together with triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) after wheat harvest, and 2) cereal rye (Secale cereale Linnaeus) planted after corn harvest. We terminated the cover crops in the spring with a roller-crimper on three dates (early, middle, and late) based on cover crop phenology and standard practices for cash crop planting in our area. We characterized the ground-dwelling arthropod community using pitfall traps and assessed relative predation using sentinel assays with live greater waxworm larvae (Galleria mellonella Fabricius). The activity density of predatory arthropods was significantly higher in the hairy vetch and triticale treatments than in cereal rye treatments. Hairy vetch and triticale favored the predator groups Araneae, Opiliones, Staphylinidae, and Carabidae. Specific taxa were associated with cover crop condition (e.g., live or dead) and termination dates. Certain variables were positively or negatively associated with the relative predation on sentinel prey, depending on cover crop treatment and stage, including the presence of predatory arthropods and various habitat measurements. Our results suggest that management of a cover crop by roller-crimper at specific times in the growing season affects predator activity density and community composition. Terminating cover crops with a roller-crimper can conserve generalist predators.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[St] Status:Publisher
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx149


  7 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29224253
[Au] Autor:García-Bores AM; Arciniegas-Arciniegas A; Reyna-Campos A; Céspedes-Acuña C; Avila-Suárez B; Alarcón-Enos J; Flores-Maya S; Espinosa-González AM; de Vivar-Romo AR; Pérez-Plasencia C; Avila-Acevedo JG
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratorio de Fitoquímica, UBIPRO, FES-Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. De los Barrios No. 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, Tlalnepantla, 54090, Estado de México, México.
[Ti] Título:Phytochemical Composition and Biological Activities of Dyssodia tagetiflora Lag.
[So] Source:Chem Biodivers;15(2), 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1612-1880
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While plants of the genus Dyssodia are used by man to a certain extent, few phytochemical and pharmacological studies have been performed with species of this genus. D. tagetiflora is an endemic plant of Mexico and has been used as fodder. The aim of this research was to isolate and identify the main bioactive components and evaluate the insecticidal, antioxidant, genotoxic and cytoprotective activities of D. tagetiflora. The isolated substances included an essential oil composed of six monoterpenes, and extracts containing two flavonols, three flavonol-glycosides and four thiophenes. The compounds were characterized using spectroscopic and spectrometric methods, including GC/MS, MS and NMR. The essential oil showed insecticidal activity against Drosophila melanogaster larvae. The methanolic extract of D. tagetiflora (DTME) had strong antioxidant activity against DPPH and ABTS radicals; DTME showed no evidence of genotoxic or cytotoxic effects. In contrast, DTME showed a cytoprotective effect attenuating the formation of H O -induced micronuclei in Vicia faba roots. This report is the first to describe the phytochemical and biological activity of D. tagetiflora.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1002/cbdv.201700415


  8 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29467185
[Au] Autor:Gallo V; Skorokhod OA; Simula LF; Marrocco T; Tambini E; Schwarzer E; Marget P; Duc G; Arese P
[Ad] Endereço:University of Torino, Department of Oncology, Torino, Italy.
[Ti] Título:No red blood cell damage and no hemolysis in G6PD-deficient subjects after ingestion of low vicine/convicine Vicia faba seeds.
[So] Source:Blood;, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1528-0020
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[St] Status:Publisher


  9 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29280232
[Au] Autor:Rashid N; Zafar M; Ahmad M; Malik K; Haq IU; Shah SN; Mateen A; Ahmed T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid- i- Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:Intraspecific variation in seed morphology of tribe vicieae (Papilionoidae) using scanning electron microscopy techniques.
[So] Source:Microsc Res Tech;81(3):298-307, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0029
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Seed micromorphology of 12 species of tribe Vicieae (Papilionoidae) representing five genera were examined using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The different seed types were described, illustrated, compared, and their taxonomic importance is discussed. Seeds exhibit great diversity in ultrastructure and a variety of novel morphological features have been determined among and within genera of the tribe. Seeds were characterized by oval to round shape, ovate to oblong outline and striate to papillate ornamentation. Radiate and wavy cell pattern has been observed as a characteristic exomorphological feature. In Vicia sativa, testa cells superficially seem to form peltate hairs. As a result, seed micromorphology with few exceptions showed variation and its taxonomic value was significant in distinguishing taxa at species level. The disparity in shape and density of papillae or protuberances and alignment of testa cells, may possibly give further insight at intraspecific level within tribe. The findings also illustrated that the use of SEM in seed morphology can reveal hidden morphological affinities among species and showed potential in delimitation of Vicieae members generally at tribe, genus, and particularly at species level.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[St] Status:In-Process
[do] DOI:10.1002/jemt.22979


  10 / 3365 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29321101
[Au] Autor:Bhat SA; Singh S; Singh J; Kumar S; Bhawana; Vig AP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India.
[Ti] Título:Bioremediation and detoxification of industrial wastes by earthworms: Vermicompost as powerful crop nutrient in sustainable agriculture.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;252:172-179, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Vermicompost is the final product of the vermicomposting process involving the collective action of earthworms and microbes. During this process, the waste is converted into useful manure by reducing the harmful effects of waste. Toxicity of industrial wastes is evaluated by plant bioassays viz. Allium cepa and Vicia faba test. These bioassays are sensitive and cost-effective for the monitoring of environmental contamination. The valorization potential of earthworms and their ability to detoxify heavy metals in industrial wastes is because of their strong metabolic system and involvement of earthworm gut microbes and chloragocyte cells. Most of the studies reported that the vermicompost produced from organic wastes contains higher amounts of humic substances, which plays a major role in growth of plants. The present article discusses the detoxification of industrial wastes by earthworms and the role of final vermicompost in plant growth and development.
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180218
[St] Status:In-Process



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