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  1 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29505506
[Au] Autor:Payab M; Hasani-Ranjbar S; Aletaha A; Ghasemi N; Qorbani M; Atlasi R; Abdollahi M; Larijani B
[Ad] Endereço:Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute.
[Ti] Título:Efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of herbal medicines used in the treatment of obesity: A protocol for systematic review.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(1):e8825, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: This systematic review protocol aims to perform a protocol for assessing the effectiveness, safety, and mechanism of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Some systematic reviews conducted earlier have evaluated the efficacy of herbal medicine to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome. Owing to the huge burden imposed by obesity in the recent years, a need is felt for conducting new systematic reviews on the topic of obesity with a focus on randomized clinical trials, we felt the need. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All relevant clinical trials that examine the effectiveness of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome without restrictions on publication status will be applied.Four electronic databases will be searched: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The main outcome is expected to be an improvement in the body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, body fat (weight or mass of visceral adipose tissue, fat mass or percent), and appetite.Selection studies, data extraction, and risk of bias will be assessed independently by 2 authors. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: In this study, ethical approval is not required because the data that will be used are not subjects and the results will be discussed through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPEROCRD42016049753.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180306
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000008825


  2 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29481573
[Au] Autor:Zhan Y; Marchand CH; Maes A; Mauries A; Sun Y; Dhaliwal JS; Uniacke J; Arragain S; Jiang H; Gold ND; Martin VJJ; Lemaire SD; Zerges W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology & Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Pyrenoid functions revealed by proteomics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0185039, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Organelles are intracellular compartments which are themselves compartmentalized. Biogenic and metabolic processes are localized to specialized domains or microcompartments to enhance their efficiency and suppress deleterious side reactions. An example of intra-organellar compartmentalization is the pyrenoid in the chloroplasts of algae and hornworts. This microcompartment enhances the photosynthetic CO2-fixing activity of the Calvin-Benson cycle enzyme Rubisco, suppresses an energetically wasteful oxygenase activity of Rubisco, and mitigates limiting CO2 availability in aquatic environments. Hence, the pyrenoid is functionally analogous to the carboxysomes in cyanobacteria. However, a comprehensive analysis of pyrenoid functions based on its protein composition is lacking. Here we report a proteomic characterization of the pyrenoid in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Pyrenoid-enriched fractions were analyzed by quantitative mass spectrometry. Contaminant proteins were identified by parallel analyses of pyrenoid-deficient mutants. This pyrenoid proteome contains 190 proteins, many of which function in processes that are known or proposed to occur in pyrenoids: e.g. the carbon concentrating mechanism, starch metabolism or RNA metabolism and translation. Using radioisotope pulse labeling experiments, we show that pyrenoid-associated ribosomes could be engaged in the localized synthesis of the large subunit of Rubisco. New pyrenoid functions are supported by proteins in tetrapyrrole and chlorophyll synthesis, carotenoid metabolism or amino acid metabolism. Hence, our results support the long-standing hypothesis that the pyrenoid is a hub for metabolism. The 81 proteins of unknown function reveal candidates for new participants in these processes. Our results provide biochemical evidence of pyrenoid functions and a resource for future research on pyrenoids and their use to enhance agricultural plant productivity. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD004509.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Proteômica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/fisiologia
Espectrometria de Massas
Fotossíntese
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185039


  3 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447189
[Au] Autor:Saleem AR; Brunetti C; Khalid A; Della Rocca G; Raio A; Emiliani G; De Carlo A; Mahmood T; Centritto M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Bahria University Islamabad Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:Drought response of Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. inoculated with ACC deaminase and IAA producing rhizobacteria.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191218, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drought is one of the major constraints limiting agricultural production worldwide and is expected to increase in the future. Limited water availability causes significant effects to plant growth and physiology. Plants have evolved different traits to mitigate the stress imposed by drought. The presence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could play an important role in improving plant performances and productivity under drought. These beneficial microorganisms colonize the rhizosphere of plants and increase drought tolerance by lowering ethylene formation. In the present study, we demonstrate the potential to improve the growth of velvet bean under water deficit conditions of two different strains of PGPR with ACCd (1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylate deaminase) activity isolated from rainfed farming system. We compared uninoculated and inoculated plants with PGPR to assess: a) photosynthetic performance and biomass; b) ACC content and ethylene emission from leaves and roots; c) leaf isoprene emission. Our results provided evidence that under drought conditions inoculation with PGPR containing the ACCd enzyme could improve plant growth compared to untreated plants. Ethylene emission from roots and leaves of inoculated velvet bean plants was significantly lower than uninoculated plants. Moreover, isoprene emission increased with drought stress progression and was higher in inoculated plants compared to uninoculated counterparts. These findings clearly illustrate that selected PGPR strains isolated from rainfed areas could be highly effective in promoting plant growth under drought conditions by decreasing ACC and ethylene levels in plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mucuna/metabolismo
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Rhizobiaceae/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomassa
Carbono-Carbono Liases/metabolismo
Secas
Etilenos/biossíntese
Mucuna/fisiologia
Fotossíntese
Desenvolvimento Vegetal
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/fisiologia
Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Rhizobiaceae/genética
Rizosfera
Microbiologia do Solo
Água/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ethylenes); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 91GW059KN7 (ethylene); EC 3.5.99.7 (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase); EC 4.1.- (Carbon-Carbon Lyases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191218


  4 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447176
[Au] Autor:Svefors P; Selling KE; Shaheen R; Khan AI; Persson LÅ; Lindholm L
[Ad] Endereço:International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Cost-effectiveness of prenatal food and micronutrient interventions on under-five mortality and stunting: Analysis of data from the MINIMat randomized trial, Bangladesh.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191260, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Nutrition interventions may have favourable as well as unfavourable effects. The Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat), with early prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation, reduced infant mortality and were reported to be very cost-effective. However, the multiple micronutrients (MMS) supplement was associated with an increased risk of stunted growth in infancy and early childhood. This unfavourable outcome was not included in the previous cost-effectiveness analysis. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the MINIMat interventions remain cost-effective in view of both favourable (decreased under-five-years mortality) and unfavourable (increased stunting) outcomes. METHOD: Pregnant women in rural Bangladesh, where food insecurity still is prevalent, were randomized to early (E) or usual (U) invitation to be given food supplementation and daily doses of 30 mg, or 60 mg iron with 400 µg of folic acid, or MMS with 15 micronutrients including 30 mg iron and 400 µg of folic acid. E reduced stunting at 4.5 years compared with U, MMS increased stunting at 4.5 years compared with Fe60, while the combination EMMS reduced infant mortality compared with UFe60. The outcome measure used was disability adjusted life years (DALYs), a measure of overall disease burden that combines years of life lost due to premature mortality (under five-year mortality) and years lived with disability (stunting). Incremental cost effectiveness ratios were calculated using cost data from already published studies. RESULTS: By incrementing UFe60 (standard practice) to EMMS, one DALY could be averted at a cost of US$24. CONCLUSION: When both favourable and unfavourable outcomes were included in the analysis, early prenatal food and multiple micronutrient interventions remained highly cost effective and seem to be meaningful from a public health perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/economia
Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bangladesh/epidemiologia
Pré-Escolar
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos
Suplementos Nutricionais
Feminino
Ácido Fólico
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Transtornos do Crescimento/tratamento farmacológico
Transtornos do Crescimento/mortalidade
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Mortalidade Infantil
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/efeitos dos fármacos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/fisiologia
Recém-Nascido
Ferro
Masculino
Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem
Política Nutricional
Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal
Oligoelementos
Vitaminas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Micronutrients); 0 (Trace Elements); 0 (Vitamins); 935E97BOY8 (Folic Acid); E1UOL152H7 (Iron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191260


  5 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447168
[Au] Autor:Abraham PE; Garcia BJ; Gunter LE; Jawdy SS; Engle N; Yang X; Jacobson DA; Hettich RL; Tuskan GA; Tschaplinski TJ
[Ad] Endereço:Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Quantitative proteome profile of water deficit stress responses in eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) leaves.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0190019, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drought stress is a recurring feature of world climate and the single most important factor influencing agricultural yield worldwide. Plants display highly variable, species-specific responses to drought and these responses are multifaceted, requiring physiological and morphological changes influenced by genetic and molecular mechanisms. Moreover, the reproducibility of water deficit studies is very cumbersome, which significantly impedes research on drought tolerance, because how a plant responds is highly influenced by the timing, duration, and intensity of the water deficit. Despite progress in the identification of drought-related mechanisms in many plants, the molecular basis of drought resistance remains to be fully understood in trees, particularly in poplar species because their wide geographic distribution results in varying tolerances to drought. Herein, we aimed to better understand this complex phenomenon in eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) by performing a detailed contrast of the proteome changes between two different water deficit experiments to identify functional intersections and divergences in proteome responses. We investigated plants subjected to cyclic water deficit and compared these responses to plants subjected to prolonged acute water deficit. In total, we identified 108,012 peptide sequences across both experiments that provided insight into the quantitative state of 22,737 Populus gene models and 8,199 functional protein groups in response to drought. Together, these datasets provide the most comprehensive insight into proteome drought responses in poplar to date and a direct proteome comparison between short period dehydration shock and cyclic, post-drought re-watering. Overall, this investigation provides novel insights into drought avoidance mechanisms that are distinct from progressive drought stress. Additionally, we identified proteins that have been associated as drought-relevant in previous studies. Importantly, we highlight the RD26 transcription factor as a gene regulated at both the transcript and protein level, regardless of species and drought condition, and, thus, represents a key, universal drought marker for Populus species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Populus/metabolismo
Proteoma
Estresse Fisiológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromatografia Líquida
Secas
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Proteome)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190019


  6 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446584
[Au] Autor:Sosedova LM; Novikov MA; Titov EA; Rukavishnikov VS
[Ti] Título:[Induction of apoptosis in neurons of white rats under exposure of nanobiocomposite based on ag (0) nanoparticles and arabinogalactan].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1210-13, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There are presented results of the immunohistochemical study of neural tissue of outbred albino rats exposed for 9 days to the influence of the silver nanobiocomposite consisted of silver nanoparticles encapsulated into a matrix of a natural polymer - arabinogalactan. The research of albino rats was performed in 2 stages: half of the rats in each groups were decapitated immediately after the exposure (early period) and the rest animals - 6 months after the end of exposure (remote period). The impact of the studied substance was proved to cause functional changes in cells of the nervous tissue. After the subacute administration of the nanobiocomposite - argentum-arabinogalactan (nano-Ag-AG) in cells of the nervous tissue of the brain of albino rats the expression of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic protein (caspase-3 and bcl-2) was established to be changed. The number of normal neurons producing protein caspase-3 sharply increases. Herewith the number of immunonegative neurons fairly declines. Along with this there is noted the high level of bcl-2 content, one function ofwhich is the preclusion ofapoptosis. In preparations there is revealed a significant gain in the number of bcl-2 expressing neurons, however, the protective effect of the protein is not fully realized, that leads to the significantly increase in the content of damaged hyperchromatic cells. The evaluation of results of the immunohistochemical study of the nervous tissue of albino rats according to data concerning the proteins caspase-3 and bcl-2 expression permits to make a conclusion about the capability of nanoargentum encapsulated into polymer matrix by passing the blood-brain barrier to induce the triggering apoptosis cascade in neurons of the cerebral cortex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo
Galactanos/farmacologia
Larix
Nanopartículas Metálicas/efeitos adversos
Prata
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Biopolímeros/farmacologia
Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos
Encéfalo/patologia
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia
Caspase 3/metabolismo
Imuno-Histoquímica
Modelos Animais
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
Ratos
Prata/efeitos adversos
Prata/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biopolymers); 0 (Galactans); 0 (Plant Preparations); 0 (Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2); 3M4G523W1G (Silver); EC 3.4.22.- (Caspase 3); SL4SX1O487 (arabinogalactan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446273
[Au] Autor:Boyarskaya LA; Vil'ms EA; Turchaninov DV; Bogdashin IV; Erofeev YV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic substantiation of application of functional dairy products in the prevention of macro- and micronutrient deficiency].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1095-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Based on the study of actual nutrition and availability of macroelements there was found that adult population of the city of Omsk was established to refer to the group at risk for the development of micronutrient deficiency associated with low content of a set of essential elements (copper, zinc, calcium, selenium) in the ration, being prior for correction.There was executed the hygienic substantiation developed the fermented acid milk bioproduct of a functional purpose "Bifidin" enriched with micronutrients, prior for the population of the Omsk region. Introduction of this bio-product into the ration allows to effectively correct disorders of the mineral status, that was manifested in a decline in the proportion of patients with insufficiency of calcium (from 37.9 to 24.1%; p = 0.013), copper (from 51.7 to 25.9%; p = 0.004), selenium (from 96.6 to 84.5%; p = 0.026), zinc (from 58.6 to 48.3% of the subjects; p = 0.264). Upon the completion of the prophylactic course (intake "Bifidin" of 200 ml for 60 days), there was noted the gain in the concentration in hair: calcium (by 24.4%; p=0.441), zinc (by 8.0%; p=0.0008), copper (by 8.8%; p < 0.001), selenium (by 41.5%; p < 0.001). There was established the efficacy of the use of bio-product "Bifidin" enriched with micronutrients for the improvement of the structure of nutrition and element status of the adult population of the city of Omsk. There was justified the extensive use of dairy products enriched with micronutrients both for the reduction of the prevalence of microelementoses and the improvement of the nutritional status.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laticínios
Deficiências Nutricionais
Suplementos Nutricionais
Comportamento Alimentar
Micronutrientes/análise
Oligoelementos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Deficiências Nutricionais/diagnóstico
Deficiências Nutricionais/epidemiologia
Deficiências Nutricionais/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Cabelo/química
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Necessidades Nutricionais/fisiologia
Estado Nutricional
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Micronutrients); 0 (Trace Elements)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425824
[Au] Autor:Wang L; Zhu J; Li X; Wang S; Wu J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
[Ti] Título:Salt and drought stress and ABA responses related to bZIP genes from V. radiata and V. angularis.
[So] Source:Gene;651:152-160, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mung bean and adzuki bean are warm-season legumes widely cultivated in China. However, bean production in major producing regions is limited by biotic and abiotic stress, such as drought and salt stress. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) genes play key roles in responses to various biotic and abiotic stresses. However, only several bZIP genes involved in drought and salt stress in legumes, especially Vigna radiata and Vigna angularis, have been identified. In this study, we identified 54 and 50 bZIP proteins from whole-genome sequences of V. radiata and V. angularis, respectively. First, we comprehensively surveyed the characteristics of all bZIP genes, including their gene structure, chromosome distribution and motif composition. Phylogenetic trees showed that VrbZIP and VabZIP proteins were divided into ten clades comprising nine known and one unknown subgroup. The results of the nucleotide substitution rate of the orthologous gene pairs showed that bZIP proteins have undergone strong purifying selection: V. radiata and V. angularis diverged 1.25 million years ago (mya) to 9.20 mya (average of 4.95 mya). We also found that many cis-acting regulatory elements (CAREs) involved in abiotic stress and plant hormone responses were detected in the putative promoter regions of the bZIP genes. Finally, using the quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) method, we performed expression profiling of the bZIP genes in response to drought, salt and abscisic acid (ABA). We identified several bZIP genes that may be involved in drought and salt responses. Generally, our results provided useful and rich resources of VrbZIP and VabZIP genes for the functional characterization and understanding of bZIP transcription factors (TFs) in warm-season legumes. In addition, our results revealed important and interesting data - a subset of VrbZIP and VabZIP gene expression profiles in response to drought, salt and ABA stress. These results provide gene expression evidence for the selection of candidate genes under drought and salt stress for future study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Vigna/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia
Secas
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Genoma de Planta
Filogenia
Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
Vigna/classificação
Vigna/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors); 0 (Plant Proteins); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride); 72S9A8J5GW (Abscisic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 591601 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29415021
[Au] Autor:Azzazy MF
[Ad] Endereço:Surveys of Natural Resources Department, Environmental Studies and Research Institute University of Sadat City, Sadat City, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Exploratory palynological studies at the Tell el-Daba'a-Avaris archaeological site.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0180770, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A palynological study of samples collected from the Tell el-Daba'a (Avaris) archaeological site, the capital of the Hyksos located in the Northeastern Nile Delta, Egypt, was conducted. A range of samples were analyzed for pollen content: mudbricks from tomb walls dating from the Middle (cal. 2124-1778 BC) and New Kingdom ages (cal. 1550-1750 BC), kitchen remains dating from the Middle Kingdom, kitchen middens from the 19th Dynasty (cal. 1750-1058 BC), and tomb offering jars from the Late Period (cal.1000-600 BC). Floristic composition of modern vegetation analysis at different habitats revealed four community types and nine associated types, providing an indicator of high soil salinity and moisture content. Cereal and Achillea-type pollen were common in the mudbrick samples, indicating the probable use of these plants as temper during mudbrick manufacturing in the Middle and New Kingdoms. The kitchen samples were dominated by cereals, broad bean, celery, and other weed pollen types, indicating the importance of cereals, legumes, and celery as strategic crops for food or medicines during the Middle Kingdom period. Weed pollen types were probably associated with crops, with "Cheno-am" pollen type recorded at highest abundance in the tomb filling jar, which may indicate the use of these aromatic herbs to repel insects and animals from tombs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arqueologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Egito
Geologia
Plantas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180770


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[PMID]:29409851
[Au] Autor:Tan M; Li G; Qi S; Liu X; Chen X; Ma J; Zhang D; Han M
[Ad] Endereço:College of Horticulture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and expression analysis of the IPT and CKX gene families during axillary bud outgrowth in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.).
[So] Source:Gene;651:106-117, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cytokinins (CKs) play a crucial role in promoting axillary bud outgrowth and targeting the control of CK metabolism can be used to enhance branching in plants. CK levels are maintained mainly by CK biosynthesis (isopentenyl transferase, IPT) and degradation (dehydrogenase, CKX) genes in plants. A systematic study of the IPT and CKX gene families in apple, however, has not been conducted. In the present study, 12 MdIPTs and 12 MdCKXs were identified in the apple genome. Systematic phylogenetic, structural, and synteny analyses were performed. Expression analysis of these genes in different tissues was also assessed. MdIPT and MdCKX genes exhibit distinct expression patterns in different tissues. The response of MdIPT, MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes to various treatments (6-BA, decapitation and Lovastatin, an inhibitor of CKs synthesis) that impact branching were also investigated. Results indicated that most of the MdIPT and MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes were upregulated by 6-BA and decapitation treatment, but inhibited by Lovastatin, a compound that effectively suppresses axillary bud outgrowth induced by decapitation. These findings suggest that cytokinin biosynthesis is required for the activation of bud break and the export of auxin from buds in apple tree with intact primary shoot apex or decapitated apple tree. MdCKX8 and MdCKX10, however, exhibited little response to decapitation, but were significantly up-regulated by 6-BA and Lovastatin, a finding that warrants further investigation in order to understand their function in bud-outgrowth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alquil e Aril Transferases/genética
Genes de Plantas
Malus/genética
Oxirredutases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia
Mapeamento Cromossômico
Cromossomos de Plantas
Evolução Molecular
Flores/genética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genoma de Planta
Lovastatina/farmacologia
Malus/enzimologia
Malus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Família Multigênica
Filogenia
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Purinas/farmacologia
Sintenia
Regulação para Cima
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzyl Compounds); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 0 (Purines); 9LHU78OQFD (Lovastatin); EC 1.- (Oxidoreductases); EC 1.5.99.12 (cytokinin oxidase); EC 2.5.- (Alkyl and Aryl Transferases); EC 2.5.1.27 (adenylate isopentenyltransferase); KXG6A989PS (benzylaminopurine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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