||Meguro, Kimiro; Kawakita, Jun; Yamazaki, Fumio; Katayama, Tsuneo.|
||Effects of power outage in urban area considering regional characteristics|
||In: Hamada, M, ed; O'Rourke, T, ed. Proceedings from the Sixth Japan-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Resistant Design of Lifeline Facilities and Countermeasures Against Soil Liquefaction. Buffalo, NY, U.S. National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Sep. 1996. p.127-36, ilus.
||Apresentado em: Japan-U.S. Workshop on Earthquake Resistant Design of Lifeline Facilities and Countermeasures Against Soil Liquefaction, 6, Tokyo, 11-13 Jun.1996.
||Modern societies heavily rely on electric power. These societies suffer functional damage due to power outage when natural disasters such as earthquakes and typhoons strike. As the first step for developing a new methodology for estimating the effects of power outage on cityu functions considering the characteristics of the area, and time and duration of outage, a database is made which consists of regional characteristics and electric power demand in the Tokyo Metropolis using geographic information systen (GIS). Power demand is examined as a function of time, season and region. Through the analysis, it is found there are several typical curves and that classification of the areas by such typicalload curves might be possible.With a statistical technique, four elemental load curves of residential, office, industrial and entertainment components are calculated. Assuming that every load curve is a combination of the four elemental curves, the contribution rate of the four elements in each area is calculated. Using the contribution rate, the areas could be classified considering the characteristics of the effects of power outage on various city functions considering the time and duration of outage, and the characteristics of the area.(AU)|
||CR3.1 - CRID - Centro Regional de Información sobre Desastres para América Latina y el Caribe|