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Id: 171856
Autor: Tegegn, Henok Getachew; Abdela, Ousman Abubeker; Mekuria, Abebe Basazn; Bhag Avathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Ayele, Asnakew Achaw.
Título: Challenges and opportunities of clinical pharmacy services in Ethiopia: a qualitative study from healthcare practitioners' perspective
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);16(1):0-0, ene.-mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Background: Currently, clinical pharmacists have in-depth therapeutic knowledge and scientific skills to act as drug therapy experts in healthcare settings. Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the opportunities and challenges of clinical pharmacy services from the health practitioners' perspective in University of Gondar (UOG) hospital Ethiopia. Methods: A qualitative study was performed using face-to-face in-depth interviews with health practitioners who were directly involvedin clinical pharmacy services (clinical pharmacists, physicians, and nurses) in UOG hospital. Results: A total of 15 health professionals from various specialties were interviewed to express their views towards clinical pharmacists' competencies and identified challenges and opportunities regarding their clinical services. Based on inter-viewees report,the opportunities for clinical pharmacists includes acceptance of their clinical services among health specialties, new government policy and high patient load in hospital. However, inadequacy of service promotions, lack of continuity of clinical pharmacy services in wards, poor drug information services, lack of commitment, lack of confidence among clinical pharmacists, conflict of interest due to unclear scope of practice, and absence of cooperation with health workers were some of the challenges identified by the interviewees. Conclusion: We identified health professionals working in UOG hospital are receptive towards clinical pharmacy services, but identified some of the potential challenges that needed to be focused to strengthen and promote clinical pharmacy services. Further, the opportunities at hand also need to be utilized astutely to boost the services (AU)

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Id: 171853
Autor: Saade, Sylvia; Ghazala, Fatima; Farhat, Ali; Hallit, Souheil.
Título: Attitudes towards continuous professional development: a study of pharmacists in Lebanon
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);16(1):0-0, ene.-mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Objective: To investigate the views and assess motivation, attitudes of pharmacists in Lebanon towards mandatory continuous education (CE), its transition to Continuous Professional Development (CPD), and identify barriers to participation in CPD. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study, conducted between February and May 2017, enrolled 591 pharmacists. The questionnaire used in this study was developed after an extensive literature review and based on previous similar studies in different countries. Results: Half of the pharmacists who completed the questionnaire agreed that all the factors that were mentioned in the questionnaire motivated completing CPD, whereas 55.4% felt confident that CPD meets their needs. 78.4% felt confident in their abilities to assess what they have learned. 71.6% felt confident in their abilities to assess what additional CPD activity may be necessary. The majority of the pharmacists agreed that accessibility of group learning activities location/distance) (69.6%), job restrictions (76.3%) and lack of time (80.6%) were the most essential barriers against participation in CPD. Motivation was significantly and positively correlated with attitude (r= 0.718), but negatively correlated with barriers (r= -0.243). Attitude was significantly and negatively correlated with barriers (r= -0.120). Conclusion: Our findings contribute to informing the forward pathway for the profession. Attitude and motivation to CPD were positive in this study. Accessibility of group learning activities due to distance and location, job restrictions and lack of time were the major barriers to participation in CPD. Potential solutions can be sought to address these issues (AU)

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Id: 171708
Autor: Rabanaque Mallén, Gloria; Robles Pellitero, Sandra; Borrell Gascón, Adoración; Orozco Mossi, Nuria.
Título: Actitud de los médicos de familia ante los cuidados paliativos en zonas rurales sin cobertura de unidad de hospitalización a domicilio / The attitude of family practitioners to palliative care in rural areas with no domiciliary hospitalisation coverage
Fuente: Med. paliat;25(2):94-104, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: Analizar la aptitud y actitud de los médicos de familia de zonas rurales sin cobertura de unidades de hospitalización a domicilio (UHD) ante los cuidados paliativos (CP). Aportar evidencia sobre los condicionantes que determinan la aplicación de los CP en el medio rural de la zona a estudio. Método: Estudio observacional, transversal, cualitativo. Encuesta semiestructurada de 27 preguntas y entrevista telefónica a todos los médicos de atención primaria y continuada de una comarca de 27 pueblos, dispersos geográficamente y alejados del hospital, administradas por tutores y médicos residentes de un centro rural docente en 2014 que dieron su consentimiento, con cuestionario piloto previo. Resultados: Participan 27 de los 30 médicos; 3 rehúsan colaborar. La edad media es de 53,3 años y la moda de 58; tienen una media de 24,2 (8-40) años de ejercicio profesional y de 18,4 (2-40) años en el medio rural. La isócrona hasta el hospital oscila entre 20 y 75min. La población es envejecida, con un alto porcentaje de personas que viven solas. El 70 por mil de médicos (19) asumen los CP (5-10 pacientes de media/año), conocen los recursos del Departamento para CP. Solo 1/3 los utilizan. Un 54 por mil creen tener conocimientos y preparación suficiente para abordarlos. El 70 por mil de médicos informan al paciente, cuentan con su opinión para la toma de decisiones y atienden al duelo; un 18 por mil no lo hacen y solo informan a la familia y/o cuidador principal; el 11 por mil nunca informan. La mayoría considera importante ayudar a bien morir en el domicilio si es deseo del paciente y la familia. Apuntan como problemas: deficiente coordinación con la atención especializada, desconocimiento de recursos, carencia de medios, aislamiento, desinformación, falta de destrezas, inadecuada gestión de la consulta, necesidad de implementar la visita domiciliaria. Conclusiones: Existe variabilidad en las creencias, actitud y aptitud entre los médicos rurales frente al abordaje de CP, condicionando desigualdad sociosanitaria en función del lugar de residencia y médico asignado de los pacientes, siendo necesario implementar programas de sensibilización y formación para los médicos de familia (AU)

Objective: To analyse the aptitude, attitude of rural family doctors in rural regions without domiciliary hospitalisation (DH) towards palliative care (PC). To show evidence of the factors determining the application of PC in the rural area under study. Method: An observational, qualitative, cross-sectional study. A semi-structured survey of 27 questions and telephone interviews of all the doctors of primary and ongoing care in a region of 27 geographically dispersed villages, distant from a hospital, led by medical tutors and residents from the Rural Educational Centre in 2014. Previous pilot questionnaire. Results: Twenty-seven of the 30 physicians participated. Mean age 53.3 years, mode 58; mean of 24.2 (8-40) years of professional practice; 18.4 (2-40) years in rural areas. The isochronal distance to the hospital ranged between 20 to 75min. The population was aging, with a high percentage of people living alone. Two thirds of the family physicians (19) covered PC (5-10 patients/year), and knew the department's resources for PC. Only 1/3 used them. Half believed they had the knowledge and skills to manage them. Two thirds of the physicians informed the patients and took their opinions into account for decision making, and provided bereavement support. Nearly all of them informed the family and/or main carer, 3 never informed. The majority considered it important to offer assistance towards dying well at home if this was the patient's and their family's wish. They pointed out problems such as the deficient coordination with specialised care, lack of knowledge of resources, lack of means, isolation, misinformation, lack of skills, inadequate management at medical consultation, and the need to implement the domiciliary visit. Conclusions: There is a variation in beliefs, attitude and aptitude between rural doctors towards the approach to palliative care, which results in socio-sanitary inequalities with regard to place of residence, and doctors allocated to patients. It is necessary to implement sensitization and training programmes for family doctors (AU)
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Texto completo SciELO España
Id: 169843
Autor: Gabriel, Carmen Silvia; Bogarin, Denise Franzé; Mikael, Sabrina; Cummings, Greta; Bernardes, Andrea; Gutierrez, Larissa; Caldana, Graziela.
Título: Perspectiva de las enfermeras brasileñas sobre el impacto de la Acreditación Hospitalaria / Perspectiva dos Enfermeiros Brasileiros sobre o Impacto da Acreditação Hospitalar / Brazilian Nurses' Perspective on the Impact of Hospital Accreditation
Fuente: Enferm. glob;17(49):381-394, ene. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: El estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el impacto de los programas de acreditación hospitalaria desde la perspectiva de las enfermeras. Este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio, que tuvo lugar en hospital general privado acreditado con excelencia (Nivel III, el más alto) por la Organización Nacional de Acreditación. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante un cuestionario tipo Likert compuesto por siete escalas relacionadas con: la calidad de los resultados; El uso de los recursos humanos; la calidad de la planificación estratégica; Gestión de la Calidad; El uso de datos relacionados con la satisfacción del paciente; Participación del personal; Y los beneficios de la acreditación. Los resultados muestran que las enfermeras se dieron cuenta de las mejoras resultantes del proceso de acreditación en las siguientes áreas: planificación estratégica de la calidad; Gestión de la Calidad; Utilización de los datos relacionados con la satisfacción del paciente y la participación del personal con la calidad del hospital. Por el contrario, el proceso de acreditación no resultó en desarrollos en relación al tiempo dado a las enfermeras para preparar y probar mejoras de la calidad y también para el uso de los recursos humanos, especialmente en lo que se refiere a las recompensas y estrategias de reconocimiento. Llegamos a la conclusión de que las enfermeras tienen un papel clave en la consecución del proceso de acreditación y, por tanto, las recompensas y las estrategias de reconocimiento precisan ser mejor desarrolladas y puestas en práctica y las enfermeras necesitan tener tiempo suficiente para realizar actividades relacionadas con el proceso de acreditación (AU)

O estudo objetivou identificar o impacto dos programas de acreditação hospitalar do ponto de vista dos enfermeiros. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, realizado em hospital geral privado credenciado com Excelência (Nível III, o mais alto) pela Organização Nacional de Acreditação. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um questionário de tipo Likert composto por sete escalas relacionadas a: Resultados de qualidade; Utilização de recursos humanos; Planejamento estratégico de qualidade; Gestão da Qualidade; Uso de dados relacionados à satisfação do paciente; Envolvimento do pessoal; E os benefícios da acreditação. Os resultados mostram que os enfermeiros perceberam melhorias como resultado do processo de acreditação nas seguintes àreas: Planejamento estratégico de qualidade; Gestão da Qualidade; uso de dados relacionados à satisfação do paciente e envolvimento do pessoal com qualidade hospitalar. Inversamente, o processo de acreditação não resultou em desenvolvimentos em relação ao tempo dado aos enfermeiros para planejar e testar melhorias de qualidade, e também em relação à utilização de recursos humanos, especialmente no que se refere a recompensas e estratégias de reconhecimento. Concluímos que os enfermeiros têm um papel fundamental na realização do processo de acreditação e, portanto, as recompensas e as estratégias de reconhecimento precisam ser melhor desenvolvidas e implementadas e os enfermeiros precisam ter tempo suficiente para realizar atividades relacionadas ao processo de acreditação (AU)

This study aimed to identify the impact of hospital accreditation programs from the nurses' perspective. This quantitative, descriptive, exploratory study was performed in a private general hospital. This institution is accredited with Excellence (Level III, the highest) by the Brazilian National Accreditation Organization. Data collection was conducted using a Likert-type questionnaire consisting of seven scales related to: quality results; human resources utilization; strategic quality planning; quality management; use of data related to patient satisfaction; staff involvement; and benefits of accreditation. The results show that nurses perceived improvements as outcome of the accreditation process in the following areas: strategic quality planning; quality management; use of data related to patient satisfaction; and staff involvement with hospital quality. Inversely, the accreditation process have not result in developments in relation to the time given to nurses to plan for and test quality improvements, and also in relation to human resources utilization, especially concerning rewards and recognition strategies. We concluded that nurses have a key role in accomplishment of the accreditation process and therefore rewards and recognition strategies need to be better developed and implemented, and nurses need to be given adequate time for performing activities related to the accreditation process (AU)
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Id: 169522
Autor: Setiadi, Adji P; Wibowo, Yosi; Irawati, Sylvi; Setiawan, Eko; Presley, Bobby; Gudka, Sajni; Wardhani, Ari S.
Título: Indonesian pharmacists' and pharmacy students' attitudes towar ds collaboration with physicians
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);15(4):0-0, oct.-dic. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Background: Recent implementation of national health coverage and the increasing health burden in Indonesia require health professionals, including pharmacists, to work more collaboratively to improve access and quality of health care. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about Indonesian pharmacists' attitude towards collaboration. Objective: To assess and compare the attitude of Indonesian pharmacy students and pharmacists towards collaboration with physicians. Methods: A survey of 95 pharmacy students (Universitas Surabaya) and 114 pharmacists (public health facilities in East Java) in Indonesia was conducted using the validated questionnaire, Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration (SATP2C), which was translated in Bahasa Indonesia. The questionnaire contained 16 items which were based on a 4-point Likert scale. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise the responses, (i.e., individual scores, factor scores and total scores). Results: Response rates of 97.9% and 65.8% were reported for students and pharmacists, respectively. The mean total score of SATP2C among Indonesian students and pharmacists were 56.53 versus 56.77, respectively; indicating positive attitudes toward collaboration. Further analysis of each item of SATP2C confirmed the positive attitudes in which mean and median scores of ≥3 were reported for most items in both groups. Significant differences between students and pharmacists were found regarding the following items: (i) 'there are many overlapping areas of responsibility between pharmacists and physicians' (3.28 versus 2.89, respectively; p<0.001), (ii) 'pharmacist should clarify a physician's order' (3.54 versus 3.71, respectively; p=0.046); and (iii) 'physicians should consult with pharmacists about adverse reactions or refractory to drug treatment' (3.60 versus 3.44, respectively; p=0.022). Conclusions: Indonesian pharmacists reported positive attitudes toward collaboration with physicians. Further research is needed to understand other factors contributing in translating those positive attitudes into actual practice, and thus, providing a good foundation for policy makers, researchers and practitioners to support pharmacist-physician collaboration in Indonesia (AU)

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Texto completo SciELO España
Id: 169478
Autor: Prakasam, Arul; Nidamanuri, Anitha; Kumar, Senthil.
Título: Knowledge, perception and practice of pharmacovigilance among community pharmacists in South India / Conocimiento, percepción y práctica de la farmacovigilancia entre farmacéuticos comunitarios del sur de India
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);10(4):222-226, oct.-dic. 2012. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Pharmacovigilance has not progressed well in India and the concept is still in its infancy. India rates below 1% in pharmacovigilance as against the world rate of 5%. Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the knowledge, perception and practice of pharmacovigilance among registered community pharmacists in Hyderabad, India. Methods: This was a prospective study to find out the knowledge, perception and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting among community pharmacists. It was conducted by a face to face questionnaire and the convenience factor of the pharmacist was taken into consideration. Results: From the 650 questionnaire administered to community pharmacists, 347 (53.3%) were returned completely filled questionnaires. A number of 120 (34.6%) pharmacists could define the term «pharmacovigilance» to an acceptable extent and 119 (34.3%) knew about the National Pharmacovigilance Programme in India. 96 (27.7%) had good knowledge, 36(10.4%) had fair knowledge and 215(61.9%) had poor knowledge about pharmacovigilance. We have found that 196 (56.5%) had good perception, 94(27.1%) had fair perception and 57(16.4%) had poor perception. Only 41(11.8%) pharmacists ever reported an ADR and the other never reported ADR. The majority of pharmacists 223(64.3%) felt that the AE is very simple and non-serious and hence did not report. Pharmacists have poor knowledge, good perception and negligibly low reporting rates. Conclusions: Incorporation of ADR reporting concepts in education curriculum, training of pharmacists and voluntary participation of pharmacists in ADR reporting is very crucial in achieving the safety goals and safeguarding public health (AU)

La farmacovigilancia no ha progresado adecuadamente en India y el concepto esta aun en su niñez. El 1% de farmacovigilancia en India se sitúa por debajo del 5% mundial. Objetivos: El objetivo de nuestro estudio es evaluar el conocimiento, percepción y práctica de farmacovigilancia entre los farmacéuticos comunitarios registrados en Hyderabad, India. Métodos: Este fue un estudio prospectivo para identificar el conocimiento, percepción y práctica de las comunicaciones de reacciones adversas entre farmacéuticos comunitarios. Se realizó un cuestionario presencial y se tuvieron en cuenta los factores de conveniencia del farmacéutico. Resultados: De los 650 cuestionarios administrados a farmacéuticos, 347 (53,3%) retornaron completamente cumplimentados. 120 (34,6%) farmacéuticos podían definir aceptablemente el término «farmacovigilancia» y 119 (34,3%) sabia de la existencia del Programa Nacional de Farmacovigilancia en India. 96 (27,7%) tenía un buen conocimiento, 36 (10,4%) tenía un conocimiento medio y 215 (61,9%) tenía un conocimiento pobre sobre farmacovigilancia. Encontramos que 196 (56,5%) tenían buenas percepciones, 94 (27,1%) tenían percepciones medias, y 57 (16,4%) tenían percepciones malas. Sólo 41 (11,8%) farmacéuticos habían comunicado alguna vez una RAM. La mayoría de los farmacéuticos, 23 (64,3%), entendía que los eventos adversos eran muy simples, no graves y por tanto no tenían que comunicarlos. Los farmacéuticos tuvieron pocos conocimientos, buenas percepciones y tasas de comunicación despreciables, Conclusiones: La incorporación de los conceptos de comunicación e RAM en el currículo educativo, la formación de farmacéuticos y la participación de farmacéuticos en la comunicación de RAM es crucial para alcanzar las metas de seguridad y salvaguardar la salud pública (AU)
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Id: 169090
Autor: Lumillo Gutiérrez, Iris.
Título: Importancia de las TIC en el uso del diagnóstico enfermero / The importance of ICT on the use of nursing diagnosis
Fuente: Rev. Rol enferm;40(12):777-778, dic. 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: El diagnóstico enfermero enmarcado en una clasificación diagnóstica informatizada con intervenciones y resultados permite mostrar las contribuciones del cuidado enfermero en la salud de la población, un mejor manejo clínico de personas con enfermedades crónicas, menores costes farmacéuticos o mayores coberturas de salud. Teniendo en cuenta los beneficios que conlleva su uso en la práctica, existe un interés creciente en averiguar qué factores pueden influir en la implantación del diagnóstico enfermero enmarcado en las TIC. Las actitudes, los entornos de trabajo, la formación y apoyo de las gerencias enfermeras, entre otros, son factores que deben tenerse en cuenta para mostrar, evaluar, mejorar y comparar las contribuciones del cuidado enfermero, así como para facilitar la eficacia en la prestación de servicios de salud (AU)

Computerized classification of nursing diagnoses, including interventions and results, serve as evidence of nursing care's contribution in population's health. This includes achieving better clinical management of patients with chronic diseases, less pharmaceutical costs and a more inclusive health coverage. Considering the benefits that its use entails in the practice, there is a growing interest in determining which factors condition the implementation of nursing clinical diagnoses in information and communication technologies (ICT). Attitudes, working environment, training and support from nursing management, among others, are factors that condition the inclusion of nursing diagnoses in ICT. These factors must be considered, evaluated, and improved to increase health service provisions' efficiency and support evidencing the contributions of nursing care (AU)
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Id: 165877
Autor: Mira-Solves, JJ; Romeo-Casabona, CM; Astier-Peña, MP; Urruela-Mora, A; Carrillo-Murcia, I; Lorenzo-Martínez, S; Agra-Varela, Y.
Título: Si ocurrió un evento adverso piense en decir 'lo siento' / In case of an adverse event don't forget to say sorry
Fuente: An. sist. sanit. Navar;40(2):279-290, mayo-ago. 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Fundamento. La información al paciente víctima de un evento adverso (EA) presenta ciertas particularidades en función del marco legal del país en el que se produzca, especialmente en lo referido al ofrecimiento de una disculpa. En el presente trabajo se pretende establecer los límites y las condiciones que debemos considerar a la hora de trasladar una disculpa al paciente que ha sufrido un EA. Método. Conferencia de consenso entre 26 profesionales de distintas comunidades autónomas, instituciones y perfiles profesionales con experiencia acreditada en la gestión de sistemas de Seguridad del Paciente y Derecho Penal de diferentes ámbitos laborales (sanidad, aseguradoras, inspección, académico) (AU)

Background. Disclosing information to a patient who is a victim of an adverse event (AE) presents some particularities depending on the legal framework in the country where the AE occurred. The aim of this study is to identify the limits and conditions when apologizing to a patient who has suffered an AE. Methods. A consensus conference involving 26 professionals from different autonomous communities, institutions, and profiles (health, insurance, inspection, academic) with accredited experience in patient safety management systems and criminal law (AU)
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Id: 165684
Autor: Hussain, Saad A; Abbas, Ashwaq N; Alhadad, Hasan A; Al-Junaili, Ali A; Abdulrahman, Zainab S.
Título: Physician-pharmacist agreement about off-label use of medications in private clinical settings in Baghdad, Iraq
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);15(3):0-0, jul.-sept. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Objective: 1) To evaluate the relationship between physician-pharmacist agreement about the off-label drug use and 2) and to identify the most common off-label medication category/indications and prescriber clinical disciplines in private settings in Baghdad area, Iraq Methods: This study evaluated 980 off-label use requests in the private clinical settings within Baghdad area, Iraq from October 2013 to September 2015. The efficacy, safety, and convenience of each drug request and its alternative options were evaluated according to the patient health and demographic characteristics and standard guidelines. Results: Of the 980 physician off-label requests, only 22.7% were approved by the pharmacists. Rheumatology and Nephrology accounted for the highest ratio of off-label use requests for adults (30.3% and 26.3%). The pharmacist rejection ratio of off-label use was comparable between the two groups (p>0.05). Most of the issued requests were attributed either to unapproved indication or to combination of more than one drug (38% and 35.3%). A low acceptance rate was reported in the requests issued for treatment in different clinical lines to the authorized one (11.9%). The lowest rate of acceptance was reported in the requests that had very low evidence level (9.1%). The mostly prescribed medications were musculoskeletal agents (28.9%). Finally, 78.2% of the requests came from clinical branches for adults. Although the agreement rate for requests in adults was higher than that in pediatrics, the two rates were not significantly different. Conclusion: Community pharmacists should effectively take responsibility for assessing off-label drug requests in Iraqi private settings. The quality of evidence does not represent the major factor influencing the approval rate of off-label drug use. The availability of safer and/or affordable alternatives and prescribing for a different patient age category highly impacted the pharmacists' approval rate (AU)

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  10 / 335 IBECS  
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Id: 165681
Autor: Cheema, Ejaz; Haseeb, Abdul; Khan, Tahir Mehmood; Sutcliffe, Paul; Singer, Donald RJ.
Título: Barriers to reporting of adverse drugs reactions: a cross sectional study among community pharmacists in United Kingdom
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);15(3):0-0, jul.-sept. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Background: Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are a major public health problem. Prompt reporting of suspected ADRs is fundamental in the post-marketing surveillance of medicines and helps in ensuring medicine safety. However, fewer ADRs are reported in general and in particular by community pharmacists. There is limited knowledge about the factors which are preventing community pharmacists in the UK from reporting an ADR. Objectives: To identify the barriers to ADR reporting among community pharmacists practicing in the UK. Methods: A cross sectional study using a 25-items questionnaire (both online and paper based) including 10 barriers to ADR reporting was conducted from 1st April 2012 to September 2012. Community pharmacists practicing in the West Midlands, UK, were approached for the participation in this study. Chi-Square and regression were applied to identify covariates for the barriers to ADR reporting. A significant value of 0.05 was assigned for analysis. Results: Of the 230 invited community pharmacists, 138 pharmacists responded (response rate 60%). The median age of respondents was 31 years. All pharmacists reported that they would report both serious and mild ADRs from drugs with black triangle among children as well as adults. About 95% (n=131) of the pharmacists were familiar with the paper based ADR reporting system. Store-based pharmacists were more likely to be more confident about which ADRs to report [0.680, 95% Confidence Interval 0.43-3.59]. Lack of time 46.4% (n=64), and pharmacists perception that ADR is not serious enough to report (65.2%; n=90) were identified as barriers to ADR reporting. Majority 63.0% (n=87) of the pharmacists identified training and information about what to report and access to Information Technology (IT) (For example access to internet connection) 61.6% (n=85) as facilitators to ADR reporting process. Conclusion: Lack of time and ADRs considered not serious enough by pharmacists to report were barriers to ADR reporting. Further training and education about the types of ADRs to be reported can help to improve the reporting of ADRs (AU)

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