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  1 / 1208 IBECS  
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Fotocópia
Id: AMB-5223
Autor: Larasati, Lela; Afiyanti, Yati; Rahmah, Hayuni; Milanti, Ariesta.
Título: Women's knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors toward the prevention of human papillomavirus transmission
Fuente: Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.);28(supl.1):191-194, feb. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Objective: To identify the relationship between women's knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors and human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission prevention. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with a convenience sampling technique. The samples were from 649 women of reproductive age who either were married or who had once been married. Data were analyzed using the Pearson and Spearman correlation tests. Results: The results showed a statistically significant relationship between knowledge, beliefs and sexual behaviors, and the prevention of HPV transmission. Knowledge was the most dominant variable affecting the prevention of HPV transmission (r=0.174) with p value < 0.001; the better the women's knowledge, the higher the prevention effort. Conclusions: Beliefs regarding HPV transmission, healthy sexual behavior, and knowledge of prevention could reduce the prevalence of HPV transmission and would improve women's health in general. In addition, providing education, avoiding the risk factors, early detection, and performing a regular screening of reproductive organs are the key factors in preventing HPV transmission

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  2 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: AMB-5201
Autor: Buanasari, Andi; Catharina Daulima, Novy Helena; Yulia Wardani, Ice.
Título: The experience of adolescents having mentally ill parents with pasung
Fuente: Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.);28(supl.1):83-87, feb. 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Objective: Lack of knowledge and powerlessness make family restrains, chains or confines (pasung) the family member with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents having mentally ill parents with pasung. Method: To achieve detailed and accurate understandings of adolescents' experiences, this study used a qualitative research design with a phenomenological approach. Purposive sampling was employed to find teenagers aged 12-19 years old who had mentally ill parents with pasung.The data were analyzed with Colaizzi's method. Results: Parents with mental illness, specifically with physical restrain and confinement (pasung) had psychosocial impact on adolescents. Role changes often occur in the family where teenagers should be a breadwinner and caregiver for their parents. The results of this study were described in three themes: 1) changes of life due to have mentally ill parents with pasung; 2)reciprocity as the reason for taking care of the parents; 3) positive meaning of living with mentally ill parents with pasung. Conclusions: This study concludes that psychosocial treatment for adolescents living with parents with pasung should consider the psychological and social impact as a result of taking care of their parents with pasung

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  3 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: 172978
Autor: Martínez Urquijo, Andrea; Moris de la Tassa, Germán.
Título: Conocimientos del profesorado de Educación Primaria sobre las medidas de actuación en una crisis epiléptica / Knowledge of Primary Education teachers about the procedure when facing an epileptic seizure
Fuente: Metas enferm;21(9):18-22, nov. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: analizar los conocimientos y las actitudes respecto a la epilepsia infantil del profesorado de Educación Primaria de la ciudad de Gijón; así como valorar si estos varían al tener alumnado o familiares con dicha patología o al haber presenciado una crisis previamente. Método: estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en 2016 en colegios de Educación Primaria de Gijón (Asturias). Se localizaron los centros mediante fuentes documentales oficialesy se contactó con ellos mediante correo electrónico. En aquellos que aceptaron participar se administró al profesorado un cuestionario elaborado ad hoc donde se incluyeron variables individuales: edad, tenencia de alumnado o familiar con epilepsia, experiencia previa de crisis epiléptica, conocimientos autoreferidos, actitud prevista frente a la crisis y deseo de conocimiento. Se realizaron índices de estadística descriptiva y análisis bivariantes mediante la prueba de correlación de Pearson y Chi cuadrado. Resultados: el 92,4% del profesorado indicó no tener conocimientos suficientespara actuar en una crisis epiléptica. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre quienes habían tenido o no alumnado o familiares con epilepsia o hubiesen presenciado o no previamente una crisis. El 91,4% se percibía como mal o muy mal preparado para ello. El 5,1% de los encuestados administraría medicación de rescate a un alumno que presente una crisis epiléptica. El 98% deseaba recibir más formación sobre la epilepsia. Conclusiones: el profesorado de Educación Primaria de los colegios de Gijón refirió un escaso conocimiento para hacer frente a una crisis epiléptica; sin embargo, manifestaron también un deseo de mejora

Objectives: to analyze the knowledge and attitudes regarding childhood epilepsy by the Primary Education teachers from the city of Gijón; as well as to assess if these vary when they have students or relatives with said condition, or they have been present previously at a seizure. Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2016 in Primary Education schools Gijón (Asturias). The centers were located through officialdocumentary sources, and they were contacted through email. In those centers which accepted to participate, teachers were asked an ad-hoc questionnaire including individual variables: age, having students or relatives with epilepsy, previous experience of an epileptic seizure; self-reported knowledge; foreseen attitude when faced with the seizure, and willingness to learn more. Descriptive statistical indexes and bivariate analyses were conducted, through Pearson's correlation and Chi square test. Results: out of all the teachers, 92.4% stated that they did not have enough knowledge for acting in an epileptic seizure. No statistically significant difference was found between those who had students or relatives with epilepsy or had been present previously in a seizure, and those who had not. The perception by 91.4% of teachers was that they were poorly or very poorly prepared for this; 5.1% of the participants would administer rescue medication to a student suffering an epileptic seizure, and 98% of them wanted to receive more training about epilepsy. Conclusions: Primary Education teachers from Gijón schools reported they had limited knowledge to face an epileptic seizure; however, they also stated that they were willing to improve
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  4 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: 172665
Autor: García García, Nuria; Fernández Gutiérrez, Patricia.
Título: Conocimientos y actitudes de las madres ante la lactancia materna en un hospital IHAN / The knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding of mothers at a BFHI hospital
Fuente: Metas enferm;21(1):50-58, feb. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: determinar los conocimientos, actitudes y práctica en relación a la lactancia materna (LM) que tienen las madres antes de irse de alta de un hospital con acreditación IHAN. Método: se llevó a cabo un estudio analítico transversal en un hospital universitario, en marzo y abril de 2017. Se reclutaron mujeres que estaban ingresadas en la Unidad de Obstetricia y la Unidad de Pediatría tras el parto o la cesárea. Para la recogida de datos se diseñó un cuaderno que incluía información sociodemográfica, obstétrica, del recién nacido, familiares, valoración de conocimientos, actitudes y práctica sobre la LM. Análisis descriptivo con programa estadístico SPSS. v. 15. Resultados: participación del 96%. 96 madres, 54% primíparas. El porcentaje de lactancia materna exclusiva al alta fue de 87,5%. El 90,5% de las mujeres refiere tener apoyo familiar. El 70,8% de las mujeres sabe que se recomienda dar lactancia materna exclusiva hasta los 6 meses de edad. El 41,4% de las madres cree que la frecuencia de alimentación con leche materna, en un bebé menor de 6 meses, tiene que ser a demanda y el 36,8% cada tres horas. El 91,7% de las mujeres considera que la leche materna es el alimento ideal para los bebés. Predomina una actitud neutra hacia la LM (55%) seguida de una actitud positiva hacia la misma (45%). Conclusiones: las mujeres del estudio demuestran tener conocimientos sobre la LM, aunque con lagunas en algunos puntos de interés. Tienen una actitud positiva o neutra hacia la LM en función al cuestionario utilizado. En el ámbito de la práctica, casi el 90% de las mujeres es dada de alta con LM exclusiva. Al tratarse de un hospital IHAN los resultados son favorables, pero mejorables en las tres dimensiones

Objective: to establish the knowledge, attitude and practice towards breastfeeding (BH) among mothers before being discharged from a hospital with BFHI accreditation. Method: an analytical transversal study was conducted at a university hospital, on March and April, 2017. The women recruited were hospitalized at the Obstetrics Unit and Pediatric Unit, after delivery or caesarean birth. A booklet was designed for data collection, including the following data; sociodemographical, obstetric, of the newborn and family, as well as an evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice towards BF. A descriptive analysis was conducted with the SPSS v. 15 statistical program. Results: there was 96% participation: 96 mothers, 54% of them first-time mothers. The proportion of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge was of 87.5%; 90.5% of women reported having family support, 70.8% of women were aware that exclusive breastfeeding is recommended until the child is 6-month-old; 41.4% of mothers believed that the frequency of feeding with mother milk for a < 6-month-old baby should be on demand, and 36.8% every 3 hours. Overall, 91.7% of women considered that mother milk was the ideal food for babies. There was a predominantly neutral attitude towards BF (55%) followed by a positive attitude towards BF (45%). Conclusions: the women in the study demonstrated having knowledge about BF, even though there were gaps in some points of interest. They had a positive or neutral attitude towards BF, based on the questionnaire used. In the practice setting, almost 90% of women were discharged with exclusive BF. As this was a BFHI hospital, results were favourable, but there was room for improvement in the three dimensions
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  5 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: 172152
Autor: Carral San Laureano, Florentino; Gutiérrez Manzanedo, José Vicente; Moreno Vides, Pablo; Castro Maqueda, Guillermo de; Fernández Santos, Jorge R; Ponce González, Jesús Gustavo; Ayala Ortega, María del Carmen.
Título: Actitudes y percepción del profesorado de centros educativos públicos sobre la atención a alumnos con diabetes tipo 1 / Teachers' attitudes and perceptions about preparation of public schools to assist students with type 1 diabetes
Fuente: Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.);65(4):213-219, abr. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: Evaluar las actitudes y la percepción del profesorado sobre la preparación de los centros públicos de educación infantil, primaria y secundaria del área del Hospital Universitario Puerto Real para atender a alumnos con diabetes tipo 1 (DM1). Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo en el que se analizan las respuestas a un cuestionario de actitud y percepción sobre la preparación del centro educativo (17 preguntas) para la atención de los alumnos con DM1 de 765 profesores (edad media: 44,3±8,8 años; 61,7% mujeres) de 44 centros educativos públicos del área del Hospital Universitario Puerto Real (Cádiz, España) seleccionados mediante muestreo aleatorio. Resultados: El 43,2% había tenido o tiene actualmente alumnos con DM1 y solo el 0,8% reconoce haber recibido formación sobre diabetes. El 18,9% refería que alguno de sus alumnos con DM1 había experimentado al menos un episodio de hipoglucemia en el colegio (el 42,5% de los profesores que tienen o han tenido alumnos con DM1) y la mitad opinaba que su centro educativo no está capacitado para atender las urgencias diabéticas. El 6,4% refería que su centro dispone de glucagón en su equipo de primeros auxilios y el 46,9% estaría dispuesto a administrarlo personalmente. Las mujeres, los profesores de educación física y los directores mostraron una percepción más positiva del centro educativo con respecto a sus compañeros. Los profesores con percepción positiva de la preparación del centro y con actitud positiva para administrar glucagón eran significativamente más jóvenes que aquellos con percepción y actitud no positiva. Conclusiones: Los resultados del estudio orientan a que los profesores de los centros educativos públicos de nuestra área sanitaria no han sido formados específicamente en la atención a pacientes con DM1 y perciben que sus centros educativos no están capacitados para atender urgencias diabéticas (AU)

Objective: To assess teachers' attitudes and perceptions about preparation of public primary and secondary education schools in the Puerto Real University Hospital (Cádiz, Spain) area to care for students with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) Methods: A descriptive observational study where answers to an attitude and perception questionnaire on the preparation of schools to care for pupils with T1DM were analyzed. A total of 765 teachers (mean age, 44.3±8.8 years; 61.7% women) from 44 public schools in the area of the Puerto Real University Hospital were selected by random sampling. Results: Overall, 43.2% of teachers surveyed had or had previously had students with T1DM, but only 0.8% had received specific training on diabetes. 18.9% of teachers reported that one of their students with T1DM had experienced at least one episode of hypoglycemia at school, and half of them felt that their school was not prepared to deal with diabetic emergencies. 6.4% stated that their school had glucagon in its first aid kit, and 46.9% would be willing to administer it personally. Women, physical education teachers, and headmasters had a more positive perception of the school than their colleagues. Teachers with a positive perception of school preparation and with a positive attitude to administer glucagon were significantly younger than those with no positive perception and attitude. Conclusions: The study results suggest that teachers of public schools in our health area have not been specifically trained in the care of patients with T1DM and perceive that their educational centers are not qualified to address diabetic emergencies (AU)
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  6 / 1208 IBECS  
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Fotocópia
Id: 172115
Autor: Gil Ortega, Marta; Gil Ortega, Virginia; Somoza Hernández, Beatriz; Cano González, Beatriz.
Título: Estudio observacional sobre el grado de conocimiento de los pacientes acerca del tratamiento con acenocumarol / Observational study on patients' degree of knowledge about the treatment with acenocoumarol
Fuente: Pharm. care Esp;20(1):27-49, 2018. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Introducción: El tratamiento con anticoagulantes orales derivados de cumarinas como el acenocumarol es bastante complejo pues, además de presentar un estrecho margen terapéutico, pueden interaccionar con numerosos fármacos, alimentos o productos de herbolario, favoreciendo la aparición de reacciones adversas y comprometiendo la seguridad del paciente anticoagulado. Objetivos: El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido evaluar la relación entre el grado de conocimiento del paciente en tratamiento con acenocumarol y la aparición de efectos adversos derivados del mismo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en 30 pacientes de 3 oficinas de farmacia y un centro de atención primaria de la Comunidad de Madrid. Para ello, se elaboró un cuestionario basado en el de Zeolla y cols. (2016), validado en EE.UU. para pacientes en tratamiento con warfarina y adaptado a nuestra zona geográfica y al tratamiento con acenocumarol. Resultados: Del 67% de los pacientes encuestados que afirmaron haber solicitado y obtenido consejo sobre el tratamiento con acenocumarol, sólo el 56% adquirió un grado de conocimiento adecuado y únicamente el 29% demostró conocer los medicamentos y productos de herbolario/dietéticos que debe evitar el paciente anticoagulado. Además, se observó que dicho grado de conocimiento era significativamente mayor en los pacientes que no habían presentado efectos adversos asociados al tratamiento anticoagulante con anterioridad. Conclusiones: Un adecuado grado de conocimiento acerca del tratamiento con acenocumarol y las posibles interacciones del mismo con otros medicamentos que no requieren prescripción médica o productos de herbolario/dietéticos reduce significativamente el riesgo de presentar efectos adversos asociados al tratamiento anticoagulante (AU)

Introduction: Treatment with oral anticoagulants derived from coumarins such as acenocoumarol is quite complex since, apart from having a narrow therapeutic margin, they can interact with numerous drugs, food or herbal products, favoring the appearance of adverse reactions and compromising the safety of the anticoagulated patient. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the patient's degree of knowledge about the treatment with acenocumarol and the appearance of adverse effects derived from it. Methods: A descriptive observational study was performed in 30 patients from 3 pharmacy offices and a primary care center in the Comunidad de Madrid. For this, we adapted to our geographical area and treatment with acenocumarol a questionnaire based on the one from Zeolla et al. (2016), validated in the USA for patients on warfarin therapy. Results: Among the 67% of patients surveyed who claimed to have sought and obtained advice on acenocoumarol treatment, only 56% acquired adequate knowledge and only 29% demonstrated to be awared of the drugs and herbal/dietary products that should be avoided by anticoagulated patients. In addition, it was observed that the degree of knowledge was significantly higher in patients who had not presented adverse effects associated with anticoagulant treatment. Conclusions: An adequate knowledge about the treatment with acenocoumarol and the fact of knowing which medications that do not need prescription, herbal and dietary products have to be avoided, reduces the risk of adverse effects associated with such treatment (AU)
Responsable: ES1.1
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  7 / 1208 IBECS  
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Fotocópia
Id: 171902
Autor: López-Lafuente, Amparo; Eirís-Puñal, Jesús; Mulas, Fernando; Cardo, Esther.
Título: Estudio de los conocimientos de los maestros de educación primaria sobre el trastorno por déficit de atención/hiperactividad / A study of primary school teachers' knowledge of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Fuente: Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.);66(supl.1):S121-S126, mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Introducción. La alta prevalencia del trastorno por déficit de atención/hiperactividad (TDAH), con al menos un alumno por aula, supone un reto para todos los profesionales que están en contacto con ellos, en especial para los maestros. Objetivo. Examinar los conocimientos de los maestros de educación primaria sobre el TDAH en tres áreas (información general, síntomas y diagnóstico, y tratamiento). Sujetos y métodos. Un total de 125 maestros de educación primaria de varias comunidades cumplimentaron la Knowledge of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale (KADDS). Resultados. Los maestros contestaron de forma correcta a menos de la mitad de los ítems, y la subescala de síntomas y diagnóstico es donde más conocimientos demostraron. Los maestros que habían tenido niños con TDAH en clase mostraron más conocimientos en las áreas de información general y tratamiento, pero no en la subescala de síntomas y diagnóstico. Un 32,8% de los maestros describe sentirse poco o nada capaz de enseñar eficazmente a niños con TDAH y recomienda la educación especial como mejor estilo educativo. Los maestros con formación específica en TDAH obtuvieron mejores resultados en la KADDS en comparación con los maestros sin formación. Conclusión. Los maestros formados en TDAH demuestran un mayor grado de conocimiento y aumenta su confianza para llevar a cabo la labor educativa de los niños con TDAH (AU)

Introduction. The high prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with at least one pupil per classroom, poses a challenge for all the professionals in contact with them, especially for teachers. Aim. To examine how much primary school teachers know about ADHD in three areas (general information, symptoms and diagnosis, and treatment). Subjects and methods. 125 primary school teachers from different communities answered the Knowledge of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale (KADDS). Results. The teachers answered fewer than half the items correctly, the symptoms and diagnosis subscale being the one where they were seen to be most knowledgeable. Teachers who had had children with ADHD in class displayed greater knowledge in the areas of general information and treatment, but less on the symptoms and diagnosis subscale. 32.8% of the teachers reported feeling somewhat or totally unable to teach children with ADHD in an effective way and recommend special education as a better educational style. Teachers with specific training in ADHD obtained better scores than those who had not received such instruction. Conclusion. Teachers with training in ADHD are more knowledgeable and more confident about their abilities when it comes to teaching children with ADHD (AU)
Responsable: ES1.1
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  8 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: 171852
Autor: Yiu, Angela W; Bajorek, Beata V.
Título: Health literacy and knowledge in a cohort of Australian patients taking warfarin
Fuente: Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet);16(1):0-0, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Objectives: To 1) characterise older patients taking warfarin, 2) assess these patients' level of warfarin knowledge, and 3) describe their strengths and limitations in health literacy, and 4) explore relationships between participants' characteristics, warfarin knowledge and health literacy. Methods: A warfarin knowledge questionnaire and Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) were administered to older patients (aged >65 years, N=34) taking warfarin in an Australian general practice setting. Results: Key gaps in participant knowledge pertained to the consequences of an international normalized ratio (INR) being below the target INR range and safety issues such as when to seek medical attention. A limitation for participants with a lower level of health literacy was the ability to appraise health information. Patients who needed assistance in completing the HLQshad significantly lower warfarin knowledge scores (p=0.03). Overseas-bornparticipants and those taking 5 or more long-term medications had lower HLQ scores for specific scales (p<0.05).Conclusion: In this study warfarin knowledge gaps and a limitation of health literacy amongst a small sample of older patients were identified. The findings suggest that education and resources may need to be tailored to the needs of older patients taking warfarin and their carers to address these knowledge gaps and limitations in health literacy. Patients who may need greater support include those that need assistance in completing the HLQ, are overseas-born, or are taking 5or morelong-term medications (AU)

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  9 / 1208 IBECS  
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Id: 171653
Autor: Serrano Madero, Elizabeth; Romero Ruiz, Ana Belén; Rodríguez Benot, Alberto; Crespo Montero, Rodolfo.
Título: Análisis del grado de conocimiento sobre el trasplante de vivo emparentado del paciente en diálisis / Analysis of the degree of knowledge of the dialysis patient about the living-related donor renal transplantation
Fuente: Enferm. nefrol;21(1):35-43, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer el grado de conocimiento sobre el trasplante de vivo emparentado de los pacientes en hemodiálisis. Pacientes y Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo y transversal, en 214 pacientes en hemodiálisis con una edad media 68.4±14.4 años (35% mujeres). El estudio se llevó a cabo en el Servicio de Nefrología del Hospital Reina Sofía de Córdoba. Se analizó el grado de conocimiento sobre el trasplante renal de vivo emparentado mediante entrevista con un cuestionario estructurado de elaboración propia. Resultados: El 21% de los pacientes estaban en lista de espera. El 96% de estos pacientes conocían la posibilidad del trasplante de donante vivo, mostrando una asociación estadísticamente significativa. El 83% de los que conocían el trasplante de vivo habían estado > 6 meses en la consulta de pre-diálisis, y el 56% de ellos había recibido la información del nefrólogo/enfermera. El 46% de los pacientes en lista de espera estarían dispuestos a aceptar un riñón de un familiar, el 53% de su pareja y el 46% de un amigo. Conclusiones: Los pacientes incluidos en lista de espera del Servicio de Nefrología de Córdoba están en su mayoría informados del trasplante de vivo emparentado, y todos, han sido informados en la consulta pre-diálisis o al inicio de diálisis, por el personal sanitario. Casi la mitad de todos los pacientes, incluidos los que no están en lista de espera, están dispuestos a aceptar un riñón de un familiar, de su pareja o de un amigo/a (AU)

Analysis of the degree of knowledge of the dialysis patient about the living-related donor renal transplantation Objective: The objective of the present study was to know the degree of knowledge of hemodialysis patients about the living-related donor renal transplantation. Patients and Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional observational study was conducted in 214 hemodialysis patients with an average age of 68.4±14.4 years (35% women). The study was carried out in the Nephrology Unit of the Reina Sofía University Hospital of Córdoba. The degree of knowledge about living-related donor renal transplantation was analyzed through an interview with a structured self-made questionnaire. Results: Of the participants in the study, 21% of the patients were on the waiting list. 96% of these patients were aware of the possibility of living donor transplantation, showing a statistically significant association. Of those who had knowledge about living donor transplantation, the 83% of which had been > 6 months in the pre-dialysis consultation, and 56% of them had received the information from the nephrologist / nurse. Of those who were on the waiting list, the 46% of patients would be willing to accept a kidney from a family member, 53% from their partner and 46% from a friend. Conclusions: The patients included in the waiting list of the Nephrology Unit of Córdoba are mostly informed about the living-related donor renal transplantation. All of them have been informed in the pre-dialysis consultation or at the beginning of dialysis, by a health-care worker. Almost half of all patients, including those not on the waiting list, are willing to accept a kidney from a family member, their partner or a friend (AU)
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  10 / 1208 IBECS  
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Fotocópia
Id: 170510
Autor: Navarro-Main, Blanca; Castaño-León, Ana M; Munarriz, Pablo M; Gómez, Pedro A; Rios-Lago, Marcos; Lagares, Alfonso.
Título: Conocimiento sobre daño cerebral adquirido en familiares de pacientes neuroquirúrgicos / Brain injury knowledge in family members of neurosurgical patients
Fuente: Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.);29(1):1-8, ene.-feb. 2018. graf, tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Antecedentes y objetivos: Diversos estudios han puesto de manifiesto las creencias erróneas sobre el daño cerebral en diferentes poblaciones. Nuestro objetivo consiste en valorar el conocimiento que poseen los familiares de los pacientes neuroquirúrgicos sobre el daño cerebral adquirido. Material y métodos: Participaron 81 familiares de pacientes ingresados durante el periodo comprendido entre febrero y agosto de 2016. Se utilizó la traducción de un cuestionario aplicado en estudios anteriores en múltiples países (EE. UU., Canadá, Reino Unido, Irlanda y Nueva Zelanda). Se registraron algunos datos sociodemográficos (edad, sexo, nivel educativo y patología del paciente) así como las respuestas a los 19 ítems verdadero/falso que constituyen el cuestionario sobre daño cerebral adquirido. El análisis de datos se ha desarrollado mediante una modelización gráfica con parámetro de regularización configurando así una red que muestra el nivel de asociación de los ítems del cuestionario a partir del patrón de respuestas de los participantes. Resultados: El análisis de los datos muestra dos áreas conceptuales con una elevada tasa de error en los ítems asociados: el comportamiento y el manejo de los pacientes, y las expectativas sobre la recuperación en daño cerebral adquirido. Conclusiones: Con este estudio podemos objetivar las áreas de falsas creencias sobre el daño cerebral que poseen los familiares de los pacientes atendidos en el servicio de neurocirugía. Este desconocimiento puede suponer un obstáculo en el proceso de recuperación de los pacientes. Por lo tanto, proponemos hacer hincapié en la información sobre el daño cerebral a los familiares de estos pacientes, sobre todo sus síntomas y su evolución (AU)

Background and objectives: Several studies have shown misconceptions about brain injury in different populations. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions about brain injury of family members of neurosurgical patients in our hospital. Material and methods: The participants (n=81) were relatives of patients admitted to the neurosurgery department between February and August 2016. They voluntarily completed a 19-item true-false format survey about brain injury based on a translation of other questionnaires used in previous studies from other countries (USA, Canada, UK, Ireland and New Zealand). Also, some sociodemographic data were collected (age, sex, education level and the patient's pathology). Data analysis was developed through graphical modelling with a regularisation parameter plotted on a network representing the association of the items of the questionnaire from the response pattern of participants. Results: Data analysis showed two conceptual areas with a high rate of wrong answers: behaviour and management of patients, and expectations about acquired brain injury recovery. Conclusions: The results obtained in this study would enable us to objectify misconceptions about acquired brain injury in patients' relatives attended in the neurosurgery department. This lack of knowledge could be a great obstacle in patients' recovery process. Therefore, we suggest placing the emphasis on the provision of information on brain injury to patients' families, especially with regard to its symptoms and course of development (AU)
Responsable: ES1.1
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