Database : IBECS
Search on : SP4.051.492 [DeCS Category]
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Id: 141678
Author: Tresserra, Francisco.
Title: Aseguramiento de la calidad en el laboratorio de Anatomía Patológica / Quality assurance in Pathology laboratory
Source: Rev. senol. patol. mamar. (Ed. impr.);28(3):93-95, sept. 2015.
Language: es.
Abstract: No disponible

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Id: 127278
Author: Wan, KS; Chiu, WH; Yang, W.
Title: Asthma diagnosis and severity monitoring in primary school children: Essential role of sequential testing of exhaled nitric oxide
Source: Allergol. immunopatol;42(5):439-443, sept.-oct. 2014. tab, graf.
Language: en.
Abstract: Background: Chronic eosinophilic airway inflammation, airflow limitation, and airway hyper-responsiveness are the mainstays of asthma diagnosis. The increased levels of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in asthma are closely related to the extent of airway inflammation. Sequential measurement of FeNO concentrations may accurately predict asthma severity and guide therapeutic decisions. Methods: A total of 22,083 grade 1 students in Taipei city primary schools were screened for wheezing episodes using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire (ISAAC) questionnaires while their sero-atopic conditions were confirmed by Fluorescent Enzyme Immune Assay (FEIA). All students with allergies were tested by FeNO electrochemical test. 100 age-matched healthy students were used as control group (FeNO levels < 25 ppb). Results: From the 2650 students (12%) initially included via the wheezing criteria, 2065 (78.0%) were confirmed to have allergy by FEIA (sensitisation to at least two common aero-allergens in Taiwan) and diagnosed by a paediatric allergologist. Among them, 1852 (89.6%) had elevated FeNO values (>25 ppb) and 266 (10%) had FeNO values < 25 ppb. Using the GINA guidelines, 140 mild-to-moderate asthma students who had received inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) with or without Singulair treatment completed serial FeNO testing every three months for one year. The FeNO levels decreased in 121 students (86.4%) and increased in 19 students (13.6%), which was compatible to changing childhood asthma control score and response to step-down treatment, respectively. Conclusion: FeNO is an easy, used non-invasive tool for the diagnosis of allergic asthma. Sequential FeNO testing can accurately reflect asthma severity and provide for successful stepwise therapy for asthmatic children (AU)

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Id: 119245
Author: Marco, Clara; Chóliz, Mariano.
Title: Tratamiento cognitivo-conductual en un caso de adicción a Internet y videojuegos / Cognitive-behavioral treatment in a case of internet and videogames addiction
Source: Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.);13(1):125-141, mar. 2013. ilus, tab.
Language: es.
Abstract: In recent years there has been a growing interest in research in the field of technological addictions, but there are still few studies that analyze the effectiveness of psychological interventions in this problem. The purpose of this paper is to propose a cognitive-behavioral treatment for the Internet and video game addictions through a case study. The phases of treatment and the main techniques used are described. The treatment is carried out over 19 weeks and subsequently two follow up sessions were carried out. The main objective was learning to use appropriately Internet and video games, assuming that technological addictions treatment is not required total abstinence, but that intervention should focus on promoting an adaptive use of these technologies. The results are encouraging and show a significant reduction of time spent gaming and Internet, and the degree of loss of control. A decrease in the patient's subjective distress and an improvement in their personal performance were also showed (AU)

En los últimos años existe un creciente interés por la investigación en el campo de las adicciones tecnológicas, aunque son escasos los estudios en los que se analiza la eficacia de las intervenciones psicológicas en este tipo de problemas. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una propuesta de tratamiento cognitivo-conductual para la adicción a Internet y videojuegos mediante un análisis de caso. Se describen las fases del tratamiento y las principales técnicas empleadas, así como los datos relativos a su eficacia. El tratamiento se desarrolló a lo largo de 19 semanas con dos seguimientos. El objetivo principal fue el aprendizaje del uso controlado del ordenador, Internet y videojuegos, asumiendo que en las adicciones tecnológicas no es un requisito terapéutico la abstinencia total, sino centrarse en la promoción de un uso adaptativo. Los resultados muestran una reducción significativa del tiempo dedicado al juego y a Internet, así como del grado de pérdida de control. También se aprecia una disminución del malestar subjetivo y una mejoría en el funcionamiento personal (AU)
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Id: 75889
Author: Fort Vanmeerhaeghe, Azahara; Romero Rodriguez, Daniel; Costa Tutusaus, Lluís; Bagur Calafat, Caritat; Lloret Riera, Mario; Montañola Vidal, Agustín.
Title: Diferencias en la estabilidad postural estática y dinámica según sexo y pierna dominante / No disponible
Source: Apunts, med. esport;44(162):74-81, abr.-jun. 2009. tab, ilus.
Language: es.
Abstract: Introducción y objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio fue comparar los datos estabilométricos del equilibrio unipodal entre el sexo del individuo y la pierna dominante/no dominante de forma estática y dinámica. Participantes: La muestra de estudio fueron 20 sujetos (10 mujeres y 10 varones) físicamente activos de 22,56 ± 5,7 años.Métodos: Se midió la amplitud de la desviación del centro de presiones (CP) mediante una plataforma optométrica utilizando tres tests unipodales de dificultad progresiva: ojos abiertos (OA), ojos cerrados (OC) y salto (S). Resultados: En el equilibrio OA no se encontraron diferencias significativas en la desviación del CP en ninguna de las variables. En la prueba OC se mostraron diferencias significativas entre varones y mujeres en el eje lateral y anteroposterior de la pierna no dominante (p < 0,029 y p < 0,035, respectivamente). Por último, en el caso del salto se encontraron diferencias significativas en la pierna dominante y no dominante sólo en el eje lateral (p < 0,011 y < 0,002, respectivamente). No hubo diferencias significativas entre pierna dominante y no dominante, aunque al analizar por separado ambos sexos se encontraron diferencias en los dos ejes del salto de las mujeres y el eje anteroposterior de los varones en el test unipodal de ojos abiertos. Conclusiones: Las mujeres tendieron a mostrar un mayor equilibrio (menor desviación del CP) en los tests más dinámicos (OC y S) en comparación con los varones. A pesar de no encontrar diferencias entre pierna dominante/no dominante en el total del grupo, sí encontramos que las mujeres mostraban mayor desviación del CP en la pierna no dominante en la recepción del salto(AU)

Introduction and objectives: The main objective of this study was to compare the single leg static and dynamic equilibrium data between gender of subjects and dominant and non-dominant limbs. Participants: A total of 20 physically active subjects, 10 men and 10 women (ages: 22.56 ± 5.7 years).Methods: We measured the mean amplitude of lateral and anteroposterior deviation of the pressure centre (PC) by means of an optometric platform using three single leg tests with progressive difficulty: open eyes (OE), closed eyes (CE) and one leg hop (H). Results: There were no significant differences between men and women in the OE test. The CE test showed significant differences in the anteroposterior and lateral plane in the non-dominant leg (p < 0.029 and p < 0.035, respectively). As regards the H test, the results showed significant differences in dominant and no-dominant leg only in the frontal plane (p < 0.011 and p < 0.002, respectively). There were no significant differences between legs; but when the groups were analysed separately by gender differences were found in both planes of the H test in women and anteroposterior axe of OE test in men. Conclusion: Women tend to show lower PC sway in the more dynamic tests (CE and H) compared to men. Although there were no differences between legs in the total group, it was found that women showed a greater PC sway in the non-dominant leg when landing in the one leg hop test compared with men(AU)
Responsable: ES1.1
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