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Pesquisa : D08.811.682.732.700 [Categoria DeCs]
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Id: 187897
Autor: Sanchis, Juan; García-Blas, Sergio; Ortega-Paz, Luis; Dantas, Ana Paula; Rodríguez, Enrique; Abellán, Lidia; Brugaletta, Salvatore; Valero, Ernesto; Miñana, Gema; Garabito, Manuel; Corchón, África; Núñez, Julio; Carratalá, Arturo; Sabaté, Manel.
Título: ADN libre y daño microvascular en el infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST tratado con intervención coronaria primaria / Cell-free DNA and microvascular damage in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Fonte: Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.);72(4):317-323, abr. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción y objetivos: En el infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST, el ADN libre circulante podría originarse de los leucocitos activados en la lesión coronaria. El objetivo fue investigar la relación entre el ADN libre y la reperfusión coronaria. Métodos: Se incluyó a 116 pacientes, tratados con angioplastia primaria y tromboaspiración. Se cuantificó el ADN libre coronario (durante la aspiración) y periférico (al final del procedimiento), así como la troponina T ultrasensible y la mieloperoxidasa. El objetivo primario fue la no resolución del segmento ST (RST) (≥ 70%) y el secundario la ausencia de flujo Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 (TIMI 3) final. Resultados: Se obtuvo RST en 51 (44%) pacientes y flujo TIMI 3 en 97 (84%). Los pacientes sin RST y flujo TIMI 3 tuvieron un menor gradiente ADN libre periférico-coronario (p = 0,02 y p = 0,04, respectivamente). Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre (< 1,82 ng/ml) se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de no RST (65 frente al 30%; p = 0,001) y de falta de flujo TIMI 3 (21 frente al 3%; p = 0,05. Tras el ajuste multivariable, un gradiente de ADN libre pequeño fue predictivo de no RST (OR = 4,50; IC95%, 1,60-12,62; p = 0,004), en tanto que hubo una tendencia no significativa para el flujo TIMI 3 (p = 0,14). El ADN libre no se correlacionó con la troponina o la mieloperoxidasa. Conclusiones: Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre periférico-coronario, como expresión de una alta carga de ADN libre coronario, se asocia con no RST en el infarto agudo de miocardio. El ADN libre coronario podría reflejar la activación de los neutrófilos. La potencial contribución de este fenómeno al fracaso de la tromboaspiración requiere nuevos estudios

Introduction and objectives: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction might originate from hyperactivated leukocytes at the coronary lesion. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between cfDNA and coronary reperfusion. Methods: We studied 116 patients treated with primary angioplasty using thrombus aspiration. Coronary (during aspiration) and peripheral (at the end of the procedure) blood samples were drawn for cfDNA, as well as high-sensitivity troponin T and myeloperoxidase quantification. The primary endpoint was no ST-segment resolution (STR) (≥ 70%) and the secondary endpoint was lack of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 3 (TIMI 3). Results: ST-segment resolution was achieved in 51 (44%) patients and TIMI 3 flow in 97 (84%). Patients without STR and TIMI 3 flow had a smaller peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient (P = .02 and P = .04 respectively). A small cfDNA gradient (< 1.82 ng/mL) was associated with a higher rate of no STR (65% vs 30%; P = .001) and lack of TIMI 3 flow (21% vs 3%; P = .05). After multivariable adjustment, the small cfDNA gradient was predictive of no STR (OR, 4.50; 95%CI, 1.60-12.62; P = .004), while there was a nonsignificant trend for final TIMI 3 flow (P = .14). Cell-free DNA levels did not correlate with troponin T or myeloperoxidase. Conclusions: A small peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient, as an expression of high coronary cfDNA burden, is associated with no STR in acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary cfDNA might reflect neutrophil activation. Whether this phenomenon contributes to thrombus aspiration failure requires further study
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Id: 185668
Autor: Camacho-Alonso, Fabio; Tudela-Mulero, María del Rosario; Peñarrocha-Oltra, David; Peñarrocha-Diago, Miguel; Balaguer-Martí, José-Carlos; Sánchez-Siles, Mariano.
Título: Salivary myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde are increased in patients exhibiting an asymptomatic mandibular impacted third molar
Fonte: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);24(4):e537-e544, jul. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: To determine whether saliva is a good means of evaluating concentrations of oxidative stress bio-markers, analyzing the correlation between concentrations in saliva and in follicular tissue, and to compare bio-marker concentrations in patients with one asymptomatic mandibular impacted third molar (MITM) (before ex-traction) with a healthy control, and to determine how biomarkers are modified by extraction. Material and Methods: 80 patients with one asymptomatic MITM and 80 healthy controls were included. Saliva samples were collected from all subjects (before extraction in the study group) to evaluate Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations. Follicular tissues were obtained during surgery to measure biomarkers. One month after extraction, saliva samples were collected to assess changes of oxidative stress. Results: Salivary MPO and MDA showed positive correlation with concentrations in follicular tissue (MPO: correlation coefficient = 0.72, p = 0.025; MDA: = 0.92, p = 0.001). Patients with asymptomatic MITMs showed higher salivary concentrations of oxidative stress biomarkers than healthy control subjects, with statistical significance for both MPO (p < 0.001) and MDA (p < 0.001). One month after extraction, salivary biomarkers decreased significantly in the study group (p < 0.001)

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Id: 184827
Autor: El-Katony, Taha Mohamed; El-Dein, Mahmoud Metwally Nour; El-Fallal, Amira Ali; Ibrahim, Nourhan Gamal.
Título: Effect of the taxonomic group of fungi and type of substrate on the antioxidant activity of a solid-state fermentation system
Fonte: Int. microbiol;22(2):203-215, jun. 2019. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activities of a solid-state fermentation system (SSFS) employing six basidiomycete and four ascomycete fungi on orange peel have been evaluated. Class comparisons revealed highly significant effect of fungal group on the antioxidant activity. Peroxidase activity appeared only in the basidiomycete fungi (particularly Pleurotus columbinus, Ganoderma resinaceum, and Pleurotus floridanus) whereas catalase activity appeared in the two fungal groups in favor of the ascomycetes (particularly Paecilomyces variotii and Aspergillus fumigatus). Maximal peroxidase and minimal catalase activities were found at moderate phenolic content, with extreme phenolic levels leading to low peroxidase activity but high catalase activity. Production of the non-enzymatic antioxidants (phenolics, flavonoids, reducing power, and DPPH scavenging) was in favor of the ascomycetes, which showed great native ability to synthesize flavonoids and also to release flavonoids from orange peel. The basidiomycete fungi, which have limited native ability to produce phenolics, had high ability to consume orange peel phenolics. By contrast, the ascomycete fungi exhibited great native ability for production of phenolics and low ability to consume exogenous phenolics

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Id: 178033
Autor: Hirik, Erkan; Suleyman, Bahadir; Mammadov, Renad; Yapanoglu, Turgut; Cimen, Ferda Keskin; Cetin, Nihal; Kurt, Nezahat.
Título: Effect of anakinra, an interleukin one beta antagonist, on oxidative testicular damage induced in rats with ischemia reperfusion / Efecto de la anakinra, que es un antagonista de la interleucina 1 beta en oxidativo daño testicular, inducida en ratas con isquemia reperfusión
Fonte: Rev. int. androl. (Internet);16(3):87-94, jul.-sept. 2018. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: It has been reported in the literature that proinflammatory interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) is increased in cases of testicular ischemia reperfusion (I/R) damage. This information suggests that anakinra, an IL-1β antagonist, may be effective in testicular I/R damage. Objective: In our study, we investigated the effect of anakinra on testicular I/R damage induced in rats with torsion/detorsion. Methods: The 50mg/kg anakinra+testicular torsion/detorsion (KTD-50) and 100mg/kg anakinra+testicular torsion/detorsion (KTD-100) groups received an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 50mg/kg and 100mg/kg of anakinra, respectively. In turn, the testicular torsion/detorsion (TTD) and sham operation (SOG) groups received a single dose of distilled water as a solvent 1h before ketamine anaesthesia. After the testes of the TTD, KTD-50 and KTD-100 groups were subjected to torsion and detorsion for 4h each, the rats were killed with a high-dose anaesthesia, and their testicles were removed and evaluated through biochemical, gene expression and histopathological examinations. The results were evaluated in comparison with those of the SOG group. Results: The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and IL-1β showed significant increases in the TTD group, which underwent torsion/detorsion, compared to the KTD-50, KTD-100 and SOG groups. Conversely, the levels of glutathione (tGSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPO) and glutathione s-transferase (GST) were found to be significantly higher in the KTD-50, KTD-100 and SOG groups than in the TTD group. Conclusion: Anakinra at a 100mg/kg dose histologically suppressed better oxidative stress and tunica albuginea, germ cell, seminiferous tubule and interstitial damage in the testicular tissue compared to a 50mg/kg dose. Experimental results indicate that anakinra might be beneficial in the attenuation of testicular I/R damage

Antecedentes: Se ha reportado en la literatura que citoquinas interleuquina-1 beta (IL-1β) es mayor en el daño de la isquemia reperfusión testicular (I/R). Esta información sugiere que la anakinra, que es un antagonista IL-1β puede ser eficaz en daño testicular I/R. Objetivo: En nuestro estudio se investigó el efecto de este medicamento en daño testicular I/R inducida en ratas con detorsion/torsión. Métodos: KTD-50 grupo recibido intraperitonealmente (i.p.) inyección de 50mg/kg y KTD-100 Grupo 100mg/kg de anakinra, mientras TTD (control) y SOG (sham grupo operación) recibieron una dosis única de agua destilada como solvente, una hora antes de ketamina anestesia. Después de que los testículos de TTD, KTD-50 y KTD-100 grupos fueron sometidas a torsión y detorsion para cuatro por cuatro horas, las ratas fueron asesinados con altas dosis de anestesia, sus testículos fueron extraídos y evaluados a través de la expresión génica, bioquímicas e histopatológicas de exámenes. Los resultados fueron evaluado en comparación con la de SCG grupo. Resultados: Los niveles de MDA, MPO y IL- 1β mostraron incrementos significativos en el grupo TTD/torsión detorsion administrados frente a-50, KTD KTD-100 y SOG grupos. Por el contrario, los niveles de tGSH, GPO y GST resultaron significativamente más altas en KTD-50 KTD-100 y grupos SOG de TTD en grupo. Conclusión: La anakinra en 100mg/kg dosis mejor histológicamente suprime el estrés oxidativo y la túnica albuginea, células germinales, túbulos seminíferos apretadamente enrollados intersticial y daño en el tejido testicular en comparación con la dosis de 50mg/kg. Los resultados experimentales indican que la anakinra puede ser beneficiosa en la atenuación de los daños I/R testicular
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Id: 174539
Autor: Callero, A; Cabrera-Hernandez, V; Perez-Rodríguez, E; Jimeno-Nogales, L; Martinez-Tadeo, JA; Plata-Rodríguez, E; Garcia-Robaina, J.
Título: Bell pepper allergy: different sensitization profiles
Fonte: J. investig. allergol. clin. immunol;28(5):340-342, 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: No disponible
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Id: 168284
Autor: Detel, Dijana; Buljevic, Suncica; Baticic Pucar, Lara; Kucic, Natalia; Pernjak Pugel, Ester; Varljen, Jadranka.
Título: Influence of CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV deficiency on immunophenotypic changes during colitis development and resolution
Fonte: J. physiol. biochem;72(3):405-419, sept. 2016. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: A lot of evidence for the importance of CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26/DPP IV) in immunoactivation has been reported; however, its involvement in colitis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of CD26/DPP IV deficiency on immunophenotypic changes associated with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in wild-type (WT) and CD26-deficient mice. Development of clinical symptoms of colitis and animal health status parameters were assessed; the expression of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 subunit was measured by quantitative real-time PCR, while cell characterization was determined by flow cytometry and immunohistochemical staining. DSS treatment induced loss of body weight and colon length shortening in both mouse strains. An increase of myeloperoxidase activity in CD26-deficient mice was more intensive than in WT mice, in spite of similar histopathological changes. Furthermore, a significant increase in the expression of NF-κB p65 subunit in the colon of CD26-deficient mice was determined. The percentage of splenic CD4+ and CD8+ cells in the acute phase of colitis was significantly decreased in WT mice, while in the same period, an increase in the percentage of splenic CD8+ cells was present in CD26-deficient mice. Development of colitis was accompanied by a significant increase in the percentage of intrahepatic NKT cells in both mouse strains, but their percentage in spleen was increased only in CD26-deficient mice. CD26 deficiency was associated with a heightened response to DSS accompanied by increased expression of NF-κB p65 subunit and distinct changes in leukocyte trafficking. These results provide new insights into the role of CD26/DPP IV during the development of colitis (AU)

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Id: 167912
Autor: Moreno Casado, P; Cantarero Carmona, I; Álvarez Kindelán, A; Muñoz Blanco, E; Calzado Canales, MA; Salvatierra Velázquez, A.
Título: Efectos del sistema endocannabinoide en el sistema respiratorio. Papel de los receptores TRPV1 en la fibrogénesis pulmonar / Endocannabinoid system effects on the respiratory system. The role of TRPV1 receptors in pulmonary fibrosis
Fonte: Rev. esp. patol. torac;29(3):155-166, oct. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos: establecer un modelo murino de fibrosis pulmonar inducida por bleomicina, investigando el posible papel protector del sistema endocannabinoide (SE) frente a la fibrosis. Métodos: se emplearon ratones salvajes (C5BL/6 y Balb/c) así como la cepa TRPV1-/-. Tras una única dosis intratraqueal de bleomicina, se analizó la respuesta fibrótica mediante un análisis histológico, la determinación de la expresión de marcadores del proceso profibrótico, el estudio de la actividad mieloperoxidasa y del contenido en hidroxiprolina del pulmón, así como el análisis de la expresión génica de VIP, PACAP, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α e IL-11, y el estado de activación de las rutas MAPKs (fosfo-JNK, fosfo-ERK) de la ruta de NF-κB (p-IκBα), la ruta de β-catenina y del TGFβ (GSK-3B), la activación de SMAD (pSMAD2) y pSTAT3, a nivel proteico. Resultados: la fibrosis pulmonar inducida por bleomicina en los ratones de la cepa TRPV- /- fue más severa que en la cepa salvaje C5BL/6. El contenido en hidroxiprolina y la actividad mieloperoxidasa fue mayor en los ratones TRPV1-/-. Se detectó un incremento significativo en la expresión génica de citoquinas proinflamatorias (TNF-a, IL-1b, IL11 e IL-6), pero no de VIP o PACAP, en la cepa TRPV1-/-. A nivel proteico, la expresión de pIKBα, pSTAT3, pSMAD2 y pJNK, pero no la de pERK, se vio incrementada en los ratones TRPV1-/-. Conclusiones: el modelo murino de fibrosis pulmonar inducida por bleomicina sigue siendo clave para continuar profundizando los conocimientos acerca de la patogénesis de la FPI. La modulación del SE podría tener un papel protector frente a la fibrosis pulmonar

Objectives: to establish a murine model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, analysing the possible protective role of the Endocannabinoid System (ES) against fibrosis. Methods: wild C5BL/6 and Balb/c mice, as well as the genetically modified strain TRPV1- /- were used. After a single dose of intratracheal bleomycin, the fibrotic response was analysed though histologic studies, the assessment of proinflammatory markers, myeloperoxidase activity, hydroxyproline content, genetic expression of VIP, PACAP, IL-1 β, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-11, as well as MAPK route (phospho-JNK, phospho-ERK), NF-κB (p-IκBα), β-cathenin, TGF-β (GSK-3B), SMAD (p-SMAD2) and pSTAT3, at a protein level. Results: pulmonary fibrosis was more severe in TRPV1-/- mice compared to C5BL/6 mice. A significant increase in proinflammatory markers such as TNF-α, IL-1β, IL11 and IL-6, but not VIP or PACAP, was observed. pIKBα, pSTAT3, pSMAD2 and pJNK, but not pERK, were increased at a protein level in TRPV-/- mice. Conclusions: the murine model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis remains a keystone to pioneer current investigation in lung fibrosis. Modulation of the ES might have a protective role
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Id: 165392
Autor: Bueno, Héctor; Bardají, Alfredo; García-Moll, Xavier; Alonso, Joaquín.
Título: Actualización en cardiopatía isquémica 2004 / Update in Ischemic Heart Disease (2004)
Fonte: Rev. esp. cardiol. Supl. (Ed. impresa);5(supl.A):3a-12a, 2005. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Este artículo revisa los principales avances publicados o comunicados durante el año 2004 en la fisiopatología, la prevención secundaria, el pronóstico y el tratamiento de los síndromes coronarios agudos con y sin elevación del segmento ST, así como las nuevas guías de práctica clínica (AU)

This article reviews the main advances published or presented during year 2004 regarding the pathophysiology, prevention, prognosis and treatment of ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes, and the last clinical practice guidelines (AU)
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Id: 147312
Autor: Flores-Suárez, Luis F.
Título: El sistema del complemento en la patogenia de las vasculitis asociadas a anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilo / The complement system in the pathogenesis of antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies-associated vasculitis
Fonte: Reumatol. clín. (Barc.);7(supl.3):s18-s21, dic. 2011. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Una de las características principales de las vasculitis asociadas a ANCA (VAA) es la ausencia de depósito de complejos inmunes en las biopsias de los tejidos afectados y de consumo de complemento. Sin embargo, en etapas tempranas de enfermedades similares producidas en modelos animales, se ha observado que el sistema del complemento puede participar en la génesis de estas patologías. Varios modelos se han desarrollado en el intento de disecar los mecanismos patogénicos de enfermedades como granulomatosis con poliangitis (Wegener) (GPA) o poliangitis microscópica siendo más exitosos en esta última, sin que hasta el momento se disponga de un modelo satisfactorio para explicar los cambios que llevan a enfermedad granulomatosa vasculítica, máxime si se asocia a anticuerpos contra proteinasa-3 (PR-3), como es el caso en la GPA. Este manuscrito revisa en forma sucinta las evidencias recientes de la presencia de complemento en biopsias de pacientes con VAA, así como modelos animales que ponen de manifiesto la participación del sistema de complemento en su patogenia (AU)

One of the main characteristics of the vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (AASV) is the absence of immune complex deposition in biopsies of affected tissues as well as a lack of complement depletion. However, in early stages of disease induced in animal models, it has been observed that the complement system may be involved in the generation of these diseases. There are various animal models which have been developed with the aim of knowing which are the pathogenic mechanisms in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener) (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), the latter being explained using these approaches in a more satisfactory manner, as there is lack of a model which reproduces the changes leading to a granulomatous vasculitis associated with antibodies against proteinase-3, as in GPA. This short review presents recent evidence of the presence of complement in biopsies of patients with AASV and the most recent animal models, which show the participation of complement in their etiology (AU)
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Id: 132358
Autor: Goitybell Martínez Téllez, Goitybell; Torres Rives, Bárbara; Rangel Velázquez, Suchiquil; Sánchez Rodríguez, Vicky; Ramos Ríos, María Antonia; Fuentes Smith, Lisset Evelyn.
Título: Anticuerpos contra el citoplasma del neutrófilo: positividad y correlación clínica / Antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody: positivity and clinical correlation
Fonte: Reumatol. clín. (Barc.);11(1):17-21, ene.-feb. 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivo. Determinar la positividad y la correlación clínica de los anticuerpos contra el citoplasma del neutrófilo (ANCA), teniendo en cuenta la interferencia de los anticuerpos antinucleares (ANA). Material y método. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo en el Laboratorio de Inmunología del Centro Nacional de Genética Médica de Cuba durante un año. Se incluyó a 267 pacientes con indicación de ANCA. Las determinaciones de ANCA a diferentes puntos de corte y de ANA se realizaron mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta. Los anticuerpos antiproteinasa 3 y antimieloperoxidasa fueron determinados mediante ELISA. Resultados. Nuestro estudio mostró que la mayor positividad de ANCA fue vista en pacientes con vasculitis asociadas a ANCA, artritis reumatoidea y lupus eritematoso sistémico. Fue superior la presencia de ANCA sin especificidad por la proteinasa 3 o la mieloperoxidasa en pacientes con ANA y se observó poca relación entre el patrón perinuclear confirmado en formalina y la presencia de anticuerpos frente a la mieloperoxidasa. Los mayores valores de sensibilidad y especificidad para el diagnóstico de las vasculitis se alcanzaron para la determinación de ANCA mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta a un valor de corte de 1/80 y confirmando la especificidad antigénica mediante ELISA. Conclusiones. Los ANCA pueden estar presentes en un amplio número de enfermedades asociadas a estados inflamatorios y autoinmunes en la población estudiada. Su determinación mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta seguida de la determinación mediante ELISA tiene gran valor para el diagnóstico de las vasculitis. La determinación de anticuerpos antimieloperoxidasa tiene mayor utilidad que el ensayo en láminas de formalina cuando hay ANA (AU)

Objective. To determine positivity and clinical correlation of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), taking into account the interference of antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Material and methods. A prospective study was conducted in the Laboratory of Immunology of the National Cuban Center of Medical Genetic during one year. Two hounded sixty-seven patients with indication for ANCA determination were included. ANCA and ANA determinations with different cut off points and assays were determined by indirect immunofluorescense. Anti proteinase 3 and antimyeloperoxidase antibodies were determined by ELISA. Results. Most positivity for ANCA was seen in patients with ANCA associated, primary small-vessel vasculitides, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Presence of ANCA without positivity for proteinase 3 and myeloperoxidase was higher in patients with ANA and little relation was observed between the perinuclear pattern confirmed in formalin and specificity by myeloperoxidase. Highest sensibility and specificity values for vasculitides diagnostic were achieved by ANCA determination using indirect immunofluorescense with a cut off 1/80 and confirming antigenic specificities with ELISA. Conclusion. ANCA can be present in a great number of chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disorders in the population studied. This determination using indirect immunofluorescence and following by ELISA had a great value for vasculitis diagnosis. Anti mieloperoxidasa assay has a higher utility than the formalin assay when ANA is present (AU)
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