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Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 192662
Autor: Navarro Llàdser, Núria, Anna; Marín Casadó, Lina Cristina; López Pablo, Carlos; Roselló Aubach, Lluís; Llàdser Navarro, Nuria; Montesó-Curto, Pilar.
Título: Malestares en femenino: itinerarios terapéuticos de seis mujeres con fibromialgia / Malaise in feminine: therapeutic itineraries of six women with fibromyalgia
Fonte: Index enferm;28(3):100-104, jul.-sept. 2019. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El objetivo principal ha sido explorar la experiencia de mujeres con fibromialgia en relación a su itinerario terapéutico, a la vivencia del diagnóstico y al día a día con la enfermedad. METODOLOGÍA: estudio fenomenológico y constructivista de seis narrativas, obtenidas gracias a entrevistas semiestructuradas de corte biográfico y analizadas mediante el análisis de contenido. RESULTADOS: Las narrativas se organizaron siguiendo estos ejes: (a) problema, que surge con la aparición de los síntomas y la inserción de la persona en el sistema sanitario, (b) nudo, basado en la búsqueda de un diagnóstico y en las alteraciones del mundo de la vida cotidiana que provoca el dolor, y (c) desenlace, el tratamiento. CONCLUSIONES: Para comprender la fibromialgia es necesario aplicar paradigmas menos medicalizadores y emplear modelos de corte bio-psico-social que permitan situar la experiencia individual con y en la enfermedad. Consideramos necesario debatir los modelos y roles de género que provocan sufrimiento en las mujeres

The main objective has been to explore the experience of women with fibromyalgia in relation to their therapeutic itinerary, to the experience of the diagnosis and the coexistence with the disease. METHODOLOGY: phenomenological and constructivist study about six narratives, obtained through semi-structured interviews of a biographical nature and analyzed through content analysis. RESULTS: The narratives were organized following these axes: (a) the problem referring to the first symptoms and the insertion of the person in the health system problem, with the appearance of symptoms and the insertion of the person in the health system, (b) the crux, based on the search for a diagnosis and alterations of the world of daily life that promotes the pain and (c) outcome, treatment. CONCLUSIONS: To understand fibromyalgia, it is necessary to apply less medicalizing paradigms and to use bio-psycho-social models that allow the individual experience with and in the disease. We consider it necessary to debate the models and gender roles that cause suffering in women
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Id: 189108
Autor: Caputo, Andrea.
Título: "I have been bullied at workplace": a qualitative study on Italian employees' stories
Fonte: Span. j. psychol;21:e25.1-e25.12, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The present study explored some common thematic domains which characterized workplace bullying stories of adult Italian participants. Emotional Text Analysis was performed on 28 workplace bullying stories in order to detect the main themes (cluster analysis) and latent factors (correspondence analysis) emerging in bullied workers' narratives. Five thematic domains were detected in the textual corpus (p < .05, at 95% confidence level), which are respectively referred to as: organizational constraints (14.10%), treatment discrimination (10.04%), unjust accusations (30.77%), emotional abuse (14.53%), and job duty changes (30.56%). Four latent factors explained the overall data variance: Sense of precariousness (F1, 34.38% of variance), lack of recognition (F2, 26.35%), feeling of exclusion (F3, 23.01%) and job disengagement (F4, 16.27%). From the emotional experience shaping the relationship between bullied workers and their work environments, this research study allows the identification of some organizational situations that are "at risk" for workplace bullying in order to promote better organizational health

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Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 186383
Autor: Salas Soneira, Miguel; Pié Balaguer, Asun.
Título: Marcas biográficas de la narrativa biomédica. Autopercepción y resistencias encarnadas / Tracing biomedical narratives in biography. Self-perception and embodied resistances
Fonte: Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiquiatr;39(135):91-108, ene.-jun. 2019.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: A partir de una etnografía realizada en Galicia entre 2013 y 2014, el presente texto aborda el impacto que tiene la praxis biomédica en entornos terapéuticos, particularmente en la elaboración de significados personales sobre el sufrimiento psíquico. A partir de diferentes relatos biográficos de personas diagnosticadas de esquizofrenia, se destacan algunos elementos discursivos y prácticas atencionales que interfieren en los marcos de referencia desde los que las personas afectadas identifican posibles causas de su malestar. Desde una perspectiva socioeducativa, dialógica y crítica, se señala cómo, más allá de la existencia de determinadas estructuras de poder, por medio de la puesta en valor de los saberes en primera persona, resulta posible situar alternativas, tácticas y objetivos a desarrollar en la gestión social del malestar

Based on an ethnographic study conducted in Galicia (Spain) during 2013-2014, this paper analyses the impact of biomedical praxis in therapeutic environments, particularly on how people diagnosed with mental disorders attribute personal meanings to their own psychic suffering. Drawing from different personal biographical accounts of people diagnosed with schizophrenia, we highlight certain biomedical discourses and practices actually interfering the way in which they identify the causes of their own suffering. As an attempt to step beyond the hegemonic frameworks and practices in dealing with mental suffering, we propose some other theoretical approaches (e.g. socio-educational, dialogical, and critical ones), emphasizing personal grounded knowledge among other alternative options
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 184981
Autor: Rangel Flores, Yesica Yolanda; Rincón Zúñiga, Diana Topacio; Martínez Ledezma, Alexia Guadalupe; Pérez Rodríguez, María del Carmen; Cruz Ortiz, Maribel; González Acevedo, Claudia Elena.
Título: Narrativas sobre morbilidad materna extrema en sobrevivientes a esta experiencia en México / Narratives of obstetric risk in survivors to extreme maternal morbidity
Fonte: Index enferm;28(1/2):37-41, ene.-jun. 2019.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivo: analizar las narrativas que sobre morbilidad materna extrema han desarrollado mujeres sobrevivientes a esta experiencia en san luis potosí, méxico. Metodología: estudio biográfico-narrativo en el que mediante muestreo intencional inicial y teórico posteriormente, fueron seleccionadas 20 mujeres para recuperar sus relatos sobre la experiencia. Las narrativas compartidas fueron sometidas a análisis paradigmático de contenido. Resultados principales: con marco en la antropología del riesgo, se identificó que las narrativas que prevalecen sobre morbilidad materna extrema son: a) como sinónimo de muerte, b) como evento fortuito y efímero, y c) como una situación ilegítima o inventada. Conclusión: las narrativas que las mujeres han construido sobre su experiencia de morbilidad materna extrema son diversas, sostenidas en emociones que van desde el miedo, hasta la aceptación e incredulidad; sin embargo, ninguna de estas narrativas aporta al desarrollo de una agencia real para prevenir un riesgo obstétrico futuro

Objective: to analyze the narratives about extreme maternal morbidity developed by women survivors of this experience in san luis potosí, mexico. Methods: biographicalnarrative study in which, through initial intentional sampling and theoretical sampling, 20 women were selected to recover their report son her experiences. The shared narratives were transcribed and later subjected to a paradigmatic analysis of content. Results: with a framework in the anthropology of risk it was identified that the narratives that prevail over extreme maternal morbidity are: a) as a synonym of death, b) as a fortuitous and ephemeral event, and c) as an illegitimate or invented situation. Conclusions: the narratives that women have built on their experience of extreme maternal morbidity are diverse, sustained in emotions ranging from fear to acceptance and disbelief; however, none of these narratives contributes to the development of a real agency to prevent a future obstetric risk
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Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 169836
Autor: Guillaumet, Montserrat; Amorós, Gemma; Ramos, Adelaida; Campillo, Beatriz; Martínez Momblan, M Antonia.
Título: La narrativa como estrategia didáctica para una aproximación al proceso de la muerte / Narrative strategy for an approach to the process of death
Fonte: Enferm. glob;17(49):185-197, ene. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos: Explorar, a partir de una experiencia didáctica basada en la práctica reflexiva, la narrativa sobre una experiencia personal vivida en torno a la muerte, de estudiantes de 2º curso de Grado en enfermería. Comprender el proceso en torno a la muerte y su transcendencia en la práctica de los cuidados enfermeros. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo con un enfoque fenomenológico hermenéutico. Los participantes de este estudio fueron estudiantes de "Comunicación terapéutica" de 2º curso de Grado en enfermería, reclutados en el aula, en la 2ª sesión de la asignatura. Su participación fue voluntaria ya que el estudiante pudo elegir entre 4 temas distintos. Los datos fueron colectados a través de escritura reflexiva. Se analizaron los textos mediante análisis de contenido cualitativo semántico. Resultados: Se identificaron unidades de significado que revelaron la estructura del fenómeno de estudio. Posteriormente, se agruparon en 8 categorías de las que emergieron 6 temas: Impacto de la noticia; Despedida; Evocación; Afrontamiento; Creencias y valores; Crecimiento personal. Conclusiones: Tomar consciencia de la propia vivencia en torno a la muerte permite precisar aspectos significativos que pueden enriquecer los cuidados profesionales. Reconocer las conductas observadas durante el proceso de duelo contribuye al acompañamiento sensible de las personas en procesos en torno a la muerte. El relato pedagógico, como estrategia didáctica, es útil en la formación enfermera ya que posibilita la comprensión de significados y del impacto ante situaciones complejas. La reflexión sobre las experiencias vividas y el contraste con la literatura permite guiar el proceso del cuidado comprensivo (AU)

Objectives: Based on teaching experience of reflective practice, we aim to explore the description about personal experiences around death in second degree nursing students. We intend to understand the environment process of death, and its importance in nursing care. Methods: Qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Participants in this study were students of "Therapeutic communication" recruited in the classroom, during the 2nd lesson of the subject. Participation was voluntary and each student could choose between 4 different topics. Data was collected using reflective writing. The texts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis with semantic approach. Results: Several units of meaning were identified and subsequently grouped in 8 categories where 6 different topics emerged: Impact of the notice; Farewell; Evocation; Coping; Beliefs and values; Personal growth. Conclusions: Raising awareness of own experiences in the process of death can help to define relevant aspects that may improve professional care. The recognition of the behaviors observed during the grieving process contributes to optimize the sensitive accompaniment of people in processes around death. The pedagogical chronicle, as a teaching strategy, is useful in nursing education given that allows the comprehension of the significance and impact of complex situations. Reflection on the lived experiences and contrasting them with the literature allows guiding the process of comprehensive (AU)
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Id: 169347
Autor: Wadi, Yonissa.
Título: "Estou no hospício, deus": problematizaçoes sobre a locura, o hospício e a psiquiatria no diário de Maura Lopes Cançado (Brasil, 1959-60) / "I'm in the hospice, god": problematizations about the madness, the hospice and the psychiatry in the diary of Maura Lopes Cançado (Brazil, 1959-60)
Fonte: Asclepio;69(2):0-0, jul.-dic. 2017.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: A escritora Maura Lopes Cançado circulou no mundo dos hospitais psiquiátricos entre as décadas de 1950, 1960 e 1970. Em uma de suas internações (1959-1960), a terceira no Centro Psiquiátrico Nacional, complexo hospitalar da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, escreveu um diário que foi posteriormente publicado como o livro Hospício é Deus-Diário I. A aliança entre o vivido e a ficção, na qual transitou a narradora em seu diário, criou uma obra ímpar na perspectiva dos comentadores acadêmicos e críticos literários. No campo da história da loucura e da psiquiatria, sua obra oferece possibilidades novas de compreensão da configuração da assistência psiquiátrica, das práticas científicas e terapêuticas e dos diversos sujeitos que circularam no mundo dos hospitais psiquiátricos brasileiros, na década de 1950, operando um deslocamento em relação aos lugares tradicionais de enunciação que conhecemos. Neste artigo, escolhi observar as problematizações de Maura sobre o cotidiano institucional e o próprio ato da escrita de um diário, que oscilam entre ensinar os outros e cuidar de si. Realizei portanto, uma análise enunciativa da narrativa, que valoriza as coisas ditas por ela como uma das verdades sobre o hospital psiquiátrico, a ciência médica e suas práticas, os loucos e a loucura (AU)

The writer Maura Lopes Cançado circulated in the world of the psychiatric hospitals between the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. During one of hospitalizations (1959-1960), the third time in the National Psychiatric Center, a hospital complex in Rio de Janeiro, the writer wrote a diary that was later published as the book Hospice is God-Diary I. The bond between the live lived by her and the fiction, which the narrator transited in her diary, creating a unique work from the perspective of academic commentators and literary critics. In the history field of madness and psychiatry, this work offers new possibilities for understanding the configuration of psychiatric care, scientific and therapeutic practices and the various subjects that circulated in the world of Brazilians psychiatric hospitals, in the 1950s, operating a displacement in relation to traditional places of enunciation that are known. In this article, I chose to observe the problematizations of Maura about the institutional daily life and the fact of writing a diary, which oscillate between teaching others and the care of the self. Therefore, I did an enunciative analysis of the narrative, that values the things that were said by her as one of the truths about the psychiatric hospital, medical science and its practices, the mad and the madness (AU)

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Id: 162666
Autor: Nicolò, Anna Maria; Accetti, Laura.
Título: La narración autobiográfica de los adolescentes en crisis / Autobiographical narrative of adolescents in crisis / La narració autobiográficadels adolescents en crisi
Fonte: Rev. psicopatol. salud ment. niño adolesc(29):57 -68, abr. 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El adolescente grave lleva consigo una historia autobiográfica o bien defectuosa o bien saturada de objetos parasitarios y patógenos que se introducen en la construcción de un espacio privado del self. Cuando se crean, estas construcciones tienden a configurarse como caricaturescas y podemos considerarlas similares a un falso self defensivo pero inconsciente. Examinaremos cómo trabajar eficazmente en estos casos, localizando en el relato autobiográfico los recuerdos traumáticos que impiden al paciente organizar su propia historia, recuerdos explícitos e implícitos, desconocidos para él, pero influyentes en la organización de su self (AU)

Adolescents with serious disorders tend to have a defective vision of their own autobiographical history, or one that is dominated by parasitic and pathogenic objects that are inserted into the construction of the private space of the self. When they are created, these constructions tend to take the shape of caricatures, and we can consider them to be similar to a defensive but unconscious false self. We will examine how to work effectively in these cases, locating the traumatic memories in the autobiographical account that prevent the patient from organizing his own history. These are explicit and implicit memories, unknown to him or her, but influential in the organization of the self (AU)

L'adolescent greu porta amb ell mateix una història autobiográfica o bé defectuosa o bé saturada d'objectes parasitaris que s'introdueixen en la construcció d'un espai privat del self. Quan es creen, aquestes construccions tendeixen a configurar-se com a caricaturesques i podem considerarles similars a un fals self defensiu peró inconscient. Examinarem com treballar eficaçment amb aquests casos, localitzant en el relat autobiográfic els records traumátics que impedeixen al pacient organitzar la seva própia história, records explícits i implícits, desconeguts per ell, peró influents en l'organització del seu self
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Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 162532
Autor: Turabián Fernández, José Luis; Pérez Franco, Benjamín.
Título: Montaña / Mountain
Fonte: Rev. clín. med. fam;10(1):39-40, feb. 2017. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Estas historias de la LIBRETA DE VIAJE DEL MÉDICO DE FAMILIA, que forman una biblioteca del médico caminante o viajero emocional, son hojas sueltas en las que se escribe sobre paisajes y emociones; son un atlas de geografía emocional. La evocación de un paisaje ante la asistencia a un paciente -montañas, ríos, valles, playas, mares, desiertos, mesetas, islas, pantanos, cascadas, dunas, bosques, salinas, lagos, etc.-, con las sensaciones sentidas por el médico, de calor, frescor, humedad, dificultad, agobio, serenidad, inmensidad, soledad, etc. No es un diario, sólo una libreta de apuntes con las vivencias del médico sobre los patrones y procesos de la consulta en un cierto caso clínico, que a su vez, puede ilustrar un prototipo de esa clase de casos (AU)

These stories of the THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN'S TRAVEL NOTEBOOK, which form a library of the walking doctor or emotional traveler, are loose-leaf pages with writings about landscapes and emotions; they are an atlas of emotional geography. The evocation of a landscape before attending a patient -mountains, rivers, valleys, beaches, seas, deserts, plateaus, islands, swamps, waterfalls, dunes, forests, salt marshes, lakes, etc.-, with the sensations felt by the doctor -heat, coolness, humidity, hardship, stress, serenity, vastness, loneliness, etc. It is not a diary, only a notebook with the doctor's experiences about the patterns and processes of consultation in a clinical case, which in turn may illustrate a prototype for this type of cases (AU)
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Id: 160258
Autor: Ricarte Trives, Jorge Javier; Navarro Bravo, Beatriz; Latorre Postigo, José Miguel; Ros Segura, Laura; Watkins, Ed.
Título: Age and gender differences in emotion regulation strategies: autobiographical memory, rumination, problem solving and distraction
Fonte: Span. j. psychol;19:e43.1-e43.9, 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Our study tested the hypothesis that older adults and men use more adaptive emotion regulatory strategies but fewer negative emotion regulatory strategies than younger adults and women. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that rumination acts as a mediator variable for the effect of age and gender on depression scores. Differences in rumination, problem solving, distraction, autobiographical recall and depression were assessed in a group of young adults (18-29 years) compared to a group of older adults (50-76 years). The older group used more problem solving and distraction strategies when in a depressed state than their younger counterparts (ps < .05). The younger participants reported more rumination (p < .01). Women scored higher in depression scores and lower in distraction than men (ps < .05). There were no significant effects of age, gender, or interaction of age by gender on the recall of specific autobiographical memories (ps > .06). Ordinary least squares regression analyses with bootstrapping showed that rumination mediated the association between age, gender and depression scores. These results suggest that older adults and men select more adaptive strategies to regulate emotions than young adults and women with rumination acting as a significant mediator variable in the association between age, gender, and depression (AU)

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Id: 148208
Autor: Manzanero, Antonio L; López, Beatriz; Aróztegui, Javier.
Título: Underlying processes behind false perspective production
Fonte: An. psicol;32(1):256-265, ene. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study aimed to determine the extent to which Reality Monitoring (RM) content analysis can provide useful information when discriminating between actual versus false statements. Participants were instructed to either describe a traffic accident as eyewitness actual role or to describe the accident as a simulated victim. Data were analysed in terms of accuracy and quality, and were represented using high dimensional visualization (HDV). In Experiment 1 (between-participant design), participants made significantly more references to cognitive operations, more self-references and less changes in order when describing the event as simulated victim. In Experiment 2 (within-participants design) participants also made significantly more references to cognitive operations and more self references when describing the event from the simulated victim as well as being less accurate, providing less irrelevant information and more evaluative comments. HDV graphics indicated that false statements differ holistically from actual ones

El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en determinar si los procedimientos de análisis de contenido basados en las propuestas de Reality Monitoring (RM) pueden aportar información útil para discriminar entre declaraciones verdaderas y falsas. Se pidió a los participantes que describieran un accidente de tráfico desde su papel real de testigo o que lo describieran simulando ser la víctima. Los datos se analizaron en función de la exactitud y calidad de los relatos, y se representaron gráficamente mediante Visualización Hiperdimensional (HDV). En el experimento 1 (inter-sujetos) los relatos de las víctimas simuladas contenían más alusiones a procesos cognitivos, más auto-referencias y menos cambios de orden. En el experimento 2 (intra-sujetos) los relatos de las víctimas simuladas también contenían más alusiones a procesos cognitivos y más auto-referencias, pero además fueron menos exactos y aportaron menos información irrelevante y más juicios y comentarios personales. Los gráficos HDV indican que los relatos falsos difieren holísticamente de los reales
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