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Pesquisa : Z01.058.266.317 [Categoria DeCs]
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Id: 182111
Autor: Ahmed, Sabreen M.
Título: Morphometry of suprascapular notch in Egyptian dry scapulae and its correlation with measurements of suprascapular nerve safe zone for clinical consideration
Fonte: Eur. j. anat;22(6):441-448, nov. 2018. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The suprascapular notch is bridged by a superior transverse scapular ligament (STSL) and serves as a passage for the suprascapular nerve. The purpose of this study was to group suprascapular notches (SSN) and provide data on the association of the safe zone distances of the suprascapular nerve. Sixty-five Egyptian dried scapulae were classified into five groups; measurement of dimensions of SSN and measurement of safe zone for the suprascapular nerve were taken. The collected data were analyzed and the correlated parameters in the prevalent types of notches were done.Scapulae were classified into five groups of which the most prevalent groups were Type III (47.63%) followed by Type I (40%). The mean measurements of 'safe zone' distances vary according to the type of notch and correlate with notch dimensions. The present work displayed the anatomical variants of SSN and analyzed the measurement of safe zone distances to help the clinicians to manage different pathological conditions of the shoulder, in order to avoid iatrogenic injury

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Id: 180837
Autor: Escudero Villanueva, A; Ráez Balbastre, J; Tapias Elías, I; Angulo Granadilla, AM.
Título: El tratamiento orbitario en las momias del antiguo Egipto / Orbital Treatment in Ancient Egypt Mummies
Fonte: Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol;94(5):e36-e37, mayo 2019.
Idioma: es.
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  3 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 156267
Autor: Aboelnaga, Mohamed M; Elshafei, Maha M; Elsayed, Eman.
Título: Vitamin D status in Egyptian euthyroid multinodular non-toxic goiter patients and its correlation with TSH levels / Estado de vitamina D en pacientes egipcios con BMN eutiroideo y su correlación con las concentraciones de TSH
Fonte: Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.);63(8):380-386, oct. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background and aim. Although the prevalence of MNG is widespread throughout the world, its pathogenesis is poorly understood, and the complex interactions of both genetic predisposition and the individuals' environment are likely. However, to the best of our knowledge, it remains unknown whether there is a relationship between vitamin D status and prevalence or pathogenesis of euthyroid MNG. Therefore, the goal of the present study was determination of vitamin D status in euthyroid MNG as well as exploration of the correlation between vitamin D status & TSH levels. Methods. A total of 77 patients diagnosed with euthyroid MNG and 50 subjects without goiter were matched according to age, weight and BMI as control group in this case control study. Results. We found that patients with euthyroid MNG had statistically significant lower mean of [25(OH)D] (24.21±8.68ng/mL) in comparison with its mean in control subjects (28.37±10.91ng/mL, P value=0.019). The 28 sufficient vitamin D MNG patients had statistically significant lower level of TSH than 49 insufficient vitamin D MNG patients. Vitamin D and TSH levels correlate with vitamin D levels in MNG patients in Pearson correlation. Also 25 OH vitamin D was a significant independent predictor for TSH levels among euthyroid MNG patients in regression analysis. Conclusions. Patients with euthyroid MNG have lower levels of vitamin D and TSH levels correlate with vitamin D levels in euthyroid MNG patients. In addition, 25 OH vitamin D was a significant independent predictor for TSH levels among euthyroid MNG patients. We recommend hypovitaminosis D evaluation and correction in patients with MNG (AU)

Antecedentes y objetivo. A pesar de su amplia prevalencia en todo el mundo, se sabe poco de la patogénesis del BMN. Es probable que existan interacciones complejas de la predisposición genética y el entorno de los sujetos. No obstante, sigue sin saberse si existe una relación entre el estado de vitamina D y la prevalencia o la patogénesis del BMN eutiroideo. Por ello, el objetivo de este estudio era determinar el estado de vitamina D en el BMN eutiroideo, y explorar la correlación entre las concentraciones de vitamina D y TSH. Métodos. En este estudio de casos y controles se emparejó por edad, peso e IMC a 77 pacientes diagnosticados BMN eutiroideo y a 50 sujetos sin bocio como grupo de control. Resultados. Los pacientes con BMN eutiroideo tenían una concentración media de (25[OH]D) (24,21±8,68ng/ml) significativamente inferior a la hallada en los sujetos de control (28,37±10,91ng/ml, valor de p=0,019). Los 28 pacientes con BMN y vitamina D suficiente tenían valores de TSH estadísticamente inferiores a los 49 pacientes con BMN y vitamina D insuficiente. Las concentraciones de vitamina D y de TSH se correlacionan con los valores de vitamina D en los pacientes con BMN en la correlación de Pearson, y la 25 OH vitamina D era un factor predictivo independiente de los valores de TSH en los pacientes con BMN eutiroideo en un análisis de regresión. Conclusiones. Los pacientes con BMN eutiroideo tienen concentraciones más bajas de vitamina D y los valores de TSH se correlacionan con los de vitamina D en esos pacientes. Además, la 25 OH vitamina D era un factor predictivo independiente importante de la concentración de TSH en los pacientes con BMN eutiroideo. Se recomienda la evaluación de la hipovitaminosis D y su corrección en los pacientes con BMN (AU)
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  4 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 156115
Autor: Hassan Anwar Riad, Raafat; Hegazy Abd-Elhamid Mendan, Abd-Elhamid; Ahmed Aly Nasr, Tamer; Ahmed Allam, Ghada Farouk; Farouk Allam, Mohamed.
Título: The effect of laser photobiomodulation diode laser (Ga-As) 100 mW on temporomandibular joint anterior disc displacement: preliminary study
Fonte: Rev. esp. investig. quir;19(3):101-104, 2016. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background. Superpulsed low-level laser therapy (LLLT) seems to be a good choice as a non-invasive treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders and pain. Objectives. The purpose of this study is to clinically evaluate the effectiveness of splint for treatment of anterior disc displacement with reduction of the TMJ with or without LLLT. Material and methods. This was a prospective experimental study that included 20 female patients with anterior disc displacement with reduction of the TMJ. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups of 10 each. Patients of Group I were subjected to LLLT during four weeks, together with stabilization appliance splint for treatment of anterior disc displacement with reduction of the TMJ. Patients were evaluated before treatment, after six sessions of laser therapy, after 12 sessions of laser therapy, and 1 month after the last session. Patients of Group II were subjected to only stabilization appliance splint. Results. Follow up of maximum mouth opening in mm before and after treatment in Group I showed statistically significant difference with p value<0.001. In concordance, Follow up of visual analog scale (VAS) for pain before and after treatment in Group I showed statistically significant difference with p value<0.001. Comparisons between both groups before and after treatment showed significant improvements in the maximum mouth opening in mm and VAS for pain in Group I. Conclusions. Splint and LLLT in patients with anterior disc displacement with reduction of the TMJ are more effective than splint alone. The application of LLLT is proved to be safe and improves the results of the splint (AU)

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  5 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 149246
Autor: Isidro, Albert; Díez-Santacoloma, Iván; Bagot, Jaume; Milla, Lidón; Gallar, Anna.
Título: Un sarcófago con sorpresa: estudio con tomografía computarizada de una momia egipcia de Baja Época / A sarcophagus with a surprise: computed tomography of a mummy from the Late Period of ancient Egypt
Fonte: Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.);58(1):64-71, ene.-feb. 2016. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción. Las técnicas de diagnóstico por imagen, y actualmente la tomografía computarizada (TC), se han convertido en el método no invasivo más importante en el estudio de momias, ya que permiten obtener imágenes de alta resolución y efectuar reconstrucciones tridimensionales sin dañar al individuo. Presentamos un sarcófago egipcio de Baja Época adquirido por una galería de Barcelona en el que se halló una momia oculta hasta entonces. Material y método. El sarcófago y la momia fueron examinados mediante TC en el Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor de Barcelona. Mediante una pinza flexible se obtuvieron muestras de tejido para su estudio. Resultados. Los resultados mostraron la presencia de un individuo femenino en conexión anatómica, aunque desestructurado en el tórax y la parte superior del abdomen. Se detectaron varios objetos metálicos, que se correspondían con amuletos, ojos artificiales y un tutor externo de madera. Conclusión. La TC es una técnica de imagen no invasiva excelente para el estudio detallado de momias, ya que permite no solo su identificación anatómica, sino también la obtención de muestras de estudio para análisis complementarios. La descripción de estos hallazgos nos permite conocer los principales hitos de la radiología en el estudio paleopatológico de momias (AU)

Introduction. Diagnostic imaging techniques, at present especially computed tomography (CT), have become the most important noninvasive method for the study of mummies because they enable high resolution images and three-dimensional reconstructions without damaging the mummified subject. We present a sarcophagus with a mummy hidden inside that was acquired by a gallery in Barcelona. Material and methods. The sarcophagus and mummy were examined by CT at the Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor in Barcelona. A flexible clamp was used to obtain tissue samples for further study. Results. The results showed the presence of an anatomically intact female human subject albeit with a destructured thorax and upper abdomen. Various metal objects were detected, corresponding to amulets, artificial eyes, and an external wooden brace. Conclusion. CT is an excellent noninvasive imaging technique for the detailed study of mummies, as it enables not only the anatomic identification of the mummified subject but also the obtainment of tissue samples for complementary analyses. The description of these findings enables us to know the major radiologic landmarks for the paleopathologic study of mummies (AU)
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  6 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 148541
Autor: El-Husseini, AA; El-Agroudy, AE; Sobh, MA; Ghoneim, MA.
Título: Bone loss in pediatric renal transplant Recipients / Pérdida ósea en receptores pediátricos de trasplante renal
Fonte: Nefrología (Madrid);23(supl.2):131-134, 2003. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The factors that affect bone mineral density (BMD) and the long term progress of BMD after transplantation in children is still unknown. Therefore we performed a cross-sectional study to determine BMD in 83 recipients who received living renal allotransplants in Mansoura Urology & Nephrology Center between 1981 and 2001 (mean age at transplantation 13.2 ± 3.1 years) by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry at various time intervals up to 16 years after transplantation (mean duration after transplantation was 48 ± 34 months, range 6-192 months). The Z-score for lumbar spine was -2.28 ± 2.06 and -1.44 ± 1,44 for the total body. Osteopenia/osteoporosis were present in about two thirds of our kidney transplant recipients. The significant predictors for osteopenia/osteoporosis by univariate analysis were cyclosporine based immunosuppression, the cumulative steroid dose/m2 surface area, graft dysfunction and the urinary deoxypyridinoline. Using logistic regression analysis the cumulative steroid dose/m2 surface area and the urinary deoxypyridinoline were the major significant predictors for bone loss (AU)

Los factores que afectan a la Densidad mineral ósea (BMD) y lo que ocurre a largo plazo con la BMD después del trasplante en niños es todavía desconocido. Por ello realizamos un estudio transversal para determinar la BMD en 83 receptores que recibieron un allotrasplante renal de vivo en Mansoura Urology and Nephology Center entre 1981 y 2001 (media de edad al trasplante 13,2 ± 3,1 años) por densitometría radiológica de doble energía, en varios intervalos de tiempo hasta 16 años después del trasplante (media de duración después del trasplante fue 48 ± 34 meses, rango de 6-192 meses). El valor de Z-score en columna lumbar fue de û2,28 ± 2,06 y de -1,44 ± 1,44 en cuerpo total. Osteopenia/osteoporosis estuvo presente en dos tercios de nuestros receptores de trasplante renal. Los predictores significativos para osteopenia/osteoporosis por análisis univariante fueron la inmunosupresión basada en ciclosporina, la dosis de esteroides acumulativa por m2 de área de superficie, disfunción del injerto y la deoxypyridinolina urinaria. Usando análisis de regresión logística la dosis acumulativa de esteroides por m2 de área de superficie y la deoxypyridinolina urinaria fueron los mayores predictores para pérdida de masa ósea (AU)
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  7 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 138272
Autor: García, PJ; Martínez Castrillo, JC; Pérez Higueras, A.
Título: Espasmo hemifacial y arte egipcio / Hemifacial spasm in Egyptian art
Fonte: Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.);21(5):275-275, jun. 2006. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: No disponible

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  8 / 20 IBECS  
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Id: 136335
Autor: Meshaal, S; El Hawary, R; Abd Elaziz, D; Alkady, R; Galal, N; Boutros, J; Elmarsafy, A.
Título: Chronic granulomatous disease: review of a cohort of egyptian patients
Fonte: Allergol. immunopatol;43(3):279-285, mayo-jun. 2015. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disease that results from a defect in the phagocytic cells of the immune system. It is caused by defects in one of the major subunits of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex. The clinical presentations of CGD patients are heterogeneous. Objectives: This is the first report from Egypt discussing clinical and laboratory data of twenty-nine patients (from 26 families) with CGD from a single tertiary referral centre. Results: There were twenty male and nine female patients. The consanguinity rate was 76% (19/25). Their age of diagnosis ranged from 2 to 168 months with a mean of 52.8 months ± 49.6 SD. The most common manifestations were abscesses in 79.3% (deep organ abscesses in 37.9% of patients), followed by pneumonia in 75.8% and gastrointestinal symptoms in 27.5%. Rare but fatal complications were also reported among patients as one patient developed haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) syndrome. Although X linked-CGD universally constitutes the most common pattern of inheritance; only 6 of our patients 6/25 (24%) belonged to this group with a Stimulation Index (SI) of 1û5, and confirmed by carrier pattern of their mothers. Mothers were not available for testing in four male children. Nineteen patients (76%) had autosomal recessive patterns; ten males and nine females patients based on having abnormal SI, positive history of consanguinity and their mothers showing normal SI. Conclusion: Increasing the awareness of physicians about symptoms of CGD may lead to earlier diagnosis of the disease, thus enhancing proper management and better quality of life (AU)

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Id: 134731
Autor: Tõpfer, Susanne.
Título: The physical activity of parturition in ancient Egypt: textual and epigraphical sources
Fonte: Dynamis (Granada);34(2):317-335, 2014. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Many medical and magical texts concerning childbirth and delivery are known from ancient Egypt. Most of them are spells, incantations, remedies and prescriptions for the woman in labour in order to accelerate the delivery or protect the unborn child and parturient. The medical and magical texts do not contain any descriptions of parturition itself, but there are some literary, astronomical and mythological texts, as well as a few incantations, which describe the biological act of childbirth and also miscarriage in more detail. Besides the textual sources, the decoration of temple walls and mammisis (birth houses), as well as illustrations on a birth brick provide an insight into the moment of delivery. In this paper, I focus on the "scientific" depiction of the biological act of childbirth, on how it is described in non-medical sources. Although the main sources are mythological-theological texts with numerous analogies, it is remarkable how many details they provide. They contain descriptions that would be expected in the context of medical sources (AU)

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Id: 131309
Autor: Fetouh, Fathy A; Mandour, Dalia.
Título: Morphometric analysis of the orbit in adult Egyptian skulls and its surgical relevance
Fonte: Eur. j. anat;18(4):303-315, oct. 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The present study aimed to measure the bony orbit in adult Egyptian skulls and to assess side and sex differences. 52 dry skulls (30 males and 22 females) were used. The measurements included orbital height, orbital breadth, orbital index, orbital rim perimeter, orbital opening area, orbital bony volume and the distances between the defined landmarks and the fissures and foramina in the 4 orbital walls. Also, different shapes and locations of the inferior orbital fissure were assessed. The mean orbital height was 35.57 mm in males and 35.12 mm in females. The mean orbital breadth was 43.25 mm in males and 42.37 mm in females. The mean orbital index was 82.27 in males and 82.5 in females. The mean orbital rim perimeter was 12.60 cm in males and 12.28 cm in females. The mean orbital opening area was 12.08 cm² in males and 11.71 cm² in females and the mean orbital volume was 28.75 ml in males and 25.68 ml in females. In the superior wall, the mean distances from the supraorbital foramen to the superior orbital fissure and to the optic canal were 46.23 mm and 49.64 mm respectively in males and 45.26 mm and 48.16 mm in females. In the medial wall, the mean distances from the anterior lacrimal crest to the anterior ethmoidal foramen, to the posterior ethmoidal foramen, and to the optic canal were 26.76 mm, 35.39 mm, 47.25 mm respectively in males and 26.17 mm, 35.26 mm, 46.21 mm in females. In the inferior wall, the mean distances from the inferior orbital rim above the inferior orbital foramen to the inferior orbital fissure, to the posterior margin of the inferior orbital canal, and to the optic canal were 24.62 mm, 29.16 mm, 51.76 mm respectively in males and 23.60 mm, 27.98 mm, 50.53 mm in females. In the lateral wall, the mean distances from the frontozygomatic suture to the superior orbital fissure, to the inferior orbital fissure and to the optic canal were 39.94 mm, 29.08 mm, 44.25 mm respectively in males and 39.12 mm, 27.32 mm, 43.58 mm in females. The inferior orbital fissure was located in the inferolateral quadrant of the orbit, and 5 different types were observed in which the wide type was most frequent. Statistically significant side and sex differences were found (AU)

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