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Pesquisa : Z01.058.266.629 [Categoria DeCs]
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Fotocópia
Id: 179408
Autor: Pousibet-Puerto, Joaquín; Salas-Coronas, Joaquín; Viciana-Martínez-Lage, M José; Villarejo-Ordóñez, Antonio.
Título: Hidatidosis muscular primaria / Primary muscle hydatidosis
Fonte: Med. clín (Ed. impr.);142(11):e21-e21, jun. 2014. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: No disponible
Responsável: ES1.1
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Fotocópia
Id: 160291
Autor: Espinosa, Pablo; Clemente, Miguel; Uña, Octavio.
Título: Motivational values, parental influences and the experiences of discrimination among Romanian and Moroccan young immigrants in Spain
Fonte: Span. j. psychol;19(1):e76.1-e76.11, 2016. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study examines the role that motivational values play in the experience of discrimination in young immigrants in Spain and how this role is mediated by parental values. Participants in the study were 193 dyads of pre-adolescent to young adult first and second generation immigrants and one of their parents. All participants were either of Moroccan or Romanian ascent, the two largest immigrant groups in Spain. The proposed SEM model had an adequate fit, χ2(2, N = 193) = 2.272, p = .321, RMSEA = .027, CFI = .999, NFI = .994, and yielded a large R2, both for the Moroccan group (R2 = .79, p < .01), and the Romanian group (R2 = .80, p < .01). It showed that the value dimension openness to change vs. conservation is positively related to their experience of discrimination (β = .35, p < .01, for Moroccans group; and β = .29, p < .001, for Romanians). This relationship was mediated by parental values and their parents' experience of discrimination. A possible explanation is that immigrants high in openness to change are likely to pursue contact with the host culture more intensely, and thus increase the probability of interactions involving discrimination. Additionally, parental values and their own experience of discrimination influences their children, making them more vulnerable to discrimination stress and more likely to perceive discrimination. While most research is focused on external or environmental variables, this study highlights the importance of value orientations and parental influences in immigrants' experience of discrimination (AU)

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Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 158188
Autor: García Guindo, Miguel.
Título: Sahara Occidental: los factores económicos como detonante de la violencia organizada / Western Sahara: the economic factors as a trigger of organized violence
Fonte: Index enferm;25(3):190-193, jul.-sept. 2016.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El presente trabajo aborda en primer lugar y desde una perspectiva teórica, la incidencia de los factores económicos y políticos en el germen de la violencia organizada para después, analizar como los cambios sociodemográficos que se han sucedido en el Sahara Occidental desde 1975 hasta nuestros días, sumados a la política asistencialista de Marruecos y los privilegios de los que se benefician determinados grupos han desestabilizado la región (AU)

This paper addresses, first of all, and from a theoretical perspective, the impact of economic and political factors in the germ of the organized violence to later on, analyze how the demographic changes occurred in Western Sahara since 1975 until today, coupled with the Moroccan welfare policy and privileges that certain groups obtain benefits from have destabilized the region (AU)
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Texto completo SciELO Espanha
Id: 157169
Autor: Martínez, Francisco Javier.
Título: Double trouble: French colonialism in Morocco and the early history of the Pasteur institutes of Tangier and Casablanca (1895-1932)
Fonte: Dynamis (Granada);36(2):317-339, 2016.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Morocco was the last North African country in which a Pasteur institute was created, nearly two decades later than in Tunisia and Algeria. In fact, two institutes were opened, the first in Tangier in 1913 and the second in Casablanca in 1932. This duplication, far from being a measure of success, was the material expression of the troubles Pastorians had experienced in getting a solid foothold in the country since the late 19th century. These problems partly derived from the pre-existence of a modest Spanish-Moroccan bacteriological tradition, developed since the late 1880s within the framework of the Sanitary Council and Hygiene Commission of Tangier, and partly from the uncoordinated nature of the initiatives launched from Paris and Algiers. Although a Pasteur Institute was finally established, with Paul Remlinger as director, the failure of France to impose its colonial rule over the whole country, symbolized by the establishment of an international regime in Tangier, resulted in the creation of a second centre in Casablanca. While elucidating many hitherto unclear facts about the entangled origins of both institutes, the author points to the solidity of the previously independent Moroccan state as a major factor behind the troubled translation of Pastorianism to Morocco. Systematically dismissed or downplayed by colonial and postcolonial historiography, this solidity disrupted the French takeover of the country and therefore Pastorian expectations (AU)

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Fotocópia
Id: 141903
Autor: Cemeli-Cano, M; Pastor-Arilla, C; Oliván del Cacho, M. J; Galve Pradel, Z.
Título: Síndrome de Poland. A propósito de un caso y revisión de la literatura / Poland syndrome. Case report and review of the literature
Fonte: Acta pediatr. esp;73(7):e191-e198, jul. 2015. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El síndrome de Poland es una deformidad congénita poco frecuente, esporádica y de patogenia incierta. Se caracteriza por ausencia/hipoplasia del pectoral mayor, alteraciones de la mano y de la glándula mamaria ipsolateral. Se presenta un caso de un varón con clínica sugestiva de síndrome de Poland en el hemitórax izquierdo, sin alteración de la extremidad superior, aunque asociaba dextrocardia y herniación pulmonar, una relación poco frecuente. Se hace hincapié en la necesidad de contar con un equipo multidisciplinario para su manejo inicial y tratamiento a largo plazo (AU)

The Poland syndrome is a rare, sporadic and congenital deformity with uncertain pathogenesis. It is characterized by absence or hypoplasia of the pectoralis major muscle, malformations of the hand and involvement of the ipsilateral mammary gland. A case of a newborn with clinical manifestations suggestive of Poland syndrome on the left hemithorax, associated dextrocardia and defect pulmonary despite being a rare association. Emphasis on the need for a multidisciplinary team in the initial management and long-term treatment (AU)
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Fotocópia
Id: 140934
Autor: Álvaro, José Luis; Morais de Oliveira, Thiago; Rosas Torres, Ana Raquel; Pereira, Cicero; Garrido, Alicia; Camino, Leoncio.
Título: The role of values in attitudes towards violence: discrimination against Moroccans and Romanian Gypsies in Spain
Fonte: Span. j. psychol;18(1):e63.1-e63.12, 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The first objective of this study was to investigate whether police violence is more tolerated when the victim is a member of a social minority (e.g., Moroccan immigrants and Romanian Gypsies in Spain) than when the victim is a member of the social majority (e.g., Spaniards). The second objective was to use Schwartz value theory to examine the moderating role of values on attitudes towards tolerance of police violence. The participants were 207 sociology and social work students from a public university in Madrid. Overall, in this study, police violence was more accepted when the victim was a member of a social minority; F(2, 206) = 77.91, p = .001, ηp2 = 0.433, and in general, values moderated this acceptance. Thus, greater adherence to the conservation and self-promotion values subsystems would strengthen support for police violence towards a social minority member. On the other hand, greater adherence to the openness to change and self-transcendence subsystems diminish this support (AU)

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Fotocópia
Id: 140908
Autor: Porthé, Victoria; Benavides, Fernando G; Vázquez, M. Luisa; Ruiz-Frutos, Carlos; García, Ana M; Ahonen, Emily; Agudelo-Suárez, Andrés A; Benach, Joan.
Título: La precariedad laboral en inmigrantes en situación irregular en España y su relación con la salud / Precarious employment in undocumented immigrants in Spain and its relationship with health
Fonte: Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.);23(supl.1):107-114, dic. 2009. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivo: Describir las características de la precariedad laboral en inmigrantes irregulares en España y su relación con la salud. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo que utiliza los principios de la inducción analítica. Se definió una submuestra del proyecto ITSAL, cuya muestra teórica se identificó a partir de la definición de inmigrante en España y de la literatura. Las áreas de estudio fueron 4 ciudades de España. La muestra final fue de 44 trabajadores inmigrantes irregulares, de 4 nacionalidades. Resultados: Algunas características de la precariedad laboral percibidas por los inmigrantes irregulares fueron: elevada inestabilidad laboral; ausencia total de empoderamiento en tanto no cuentan con un marco de protección legal; elevada vulnerabilidad agudizada por su situación legal y su estatus de inmigrante; nivel de ingresos insuficiente y más bajo que el del resto de los compañeros; ausencia total de derechos laborales y escaso poder para exigir mejores condiciones; y finalmente un tiempo de trabajo extenso y a un ritmo acelerado. Reportaron no haber tenido problemas de salud graves, aunque destacan problemas de salud física y mental que relacionan con sus condiciones de empleo y situación legal. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que la situación de los inmigrantes irregulares, si bien no se ajusta exactamente al constructo de precariedad laboral, ha permitido adaptarlo, ampliando sus dimensiones y robusteciendo el modelo general. La precariedad laboral en este colectivo podría definirse como «extrema» en tanto afecta a su vida laboral y social. Si estos trabajadores continúan expuestos a tales condiciones de precariedad, las repercusiones sobre su salud podrían ser mayores (AU)

Objective: To describe the characteristics of precarious employment in undocumented immigrants in Spain and its relationship with health. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using analytic induction. Criterion sampling, based on the Immigration, Work and Health project (Inmigración, Trabajo y Salud [ITSAL]) criterion (current definitions of 'legal immigrant' in Spain and in the literature) was used to recruit 44 undocumented immigrant workers from four different countries, living in four Spanish cities. Results: The characteristics of precariousness perceived by undocumented immigrants included high job instability; disempowerment due to lack of legal protection; high vulnerability exacerbated by their legal and immigrant status; perceived insufficient wages and lower wages than coworkers; limited social benefits and difficulty in exercising their rights; and finally, long hours and fast-paced work. Our informants reported they had no serious health problems but did describe physical and mental problems associated with their employment conditions and legal situation. Conclusions: Our results suggest that undocumented immigrants' situation may not fit the model of precarious employment exactly. However, the model's dimensions can be expanded to better represent undocumented immigrants' situation, thus strengthening the general model. Precarious employment in this group can be defined as «extreme», as it affects their working and social lives. If these workers continue to be exposed to such precarious conditions, the impact on their health may increase (AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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Fotocópia
Id: 140894
Autor: Rodríguez Álvarez, Elena; Lanborena Elordui, Nerea; Errami, Mohamed; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Alba; Pereda Riguera, Celina; Vallejo de la Hoz, Gorka; Moreno Marquez, Gorka.
Título: Relación del estatus migratorio y del apoyo social con la calidad de vida de los marroquíes en el País Vasco / Immigration in Spain and the health system: A fiscal policy perspective
Fonte: Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.);23(supl.1):29-37, dic. 2009.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La población española ha crecido en los últimos 10 años en más de 6 millones de personas, de las cuales más de las tres cuartas partes son inmigrantes. Aunque en buena medida se trata de un fenómeno de inmigración económica ligado al intenso ritmo de crecimiento de la economía española, los determinantes sociológicos del proceso confieren al colectivo inmigrante un perfil cuya consideración es relevante para la valoración del impacto de la inmigración en el gasto público y en el sistema de protección social. El crecimiento de la población inmigrante, con menor edad media y tasas de natalidad más altas, permite compensar transitoriamente los desequilibrios demográficos del sistema de pensiones. Por otra parte, las características sociológicas y económicas del colectivo determinan demandas específicas al sistema de protección social. La integración de los inmigrantes se ve facilitada por el acceso a los servicios básicos, educación y salud, lo que, por otra parte, pudiera influir positivamente en el flujo migratorio. El rápido crecimiento de la población ha supuesto en el corto plazo una congestión de los servicios sanitarios, especialmente de la atención primaria, como consecuencia de la desigual distribución de los inmigrantes en el territorio. El gasto imputable a los inmigrantes es menos que proporcional a su peso en la población y se concentra en cuatro comunidades autónomas (AU)

The Spanish population has grown by over 6 million people in the last 10 years and immigrants account for 4.5 million of this increase. Although this influx has largely been motivated by economic reasons, stimulated by the sharp growth of the Spanish economy, sociological factors must also be considered to assess the impact of immigration shock on public expenditure and the social welfare system. On the one hand, the demographic growth caused by immigration temporarily balances the pension system, as immigrants have a lower average age and a higher fertility rate. On the other hand, the demographic and economic features of the immigrant community make additional demands on the social welfare system. Universal access to basic public services such as the education and health systems is a crucial asset in the integration policy aimed at the immigrant collective, and compensates for its possible effect as an incentive to immigrate. In the short term, the huge population growth has led to health services' congestion, especially in primary health care, because of the unequal geographic distribution of immigrants. The health expenditure imputable to immigrants is lower than their share in the total population and is highly concentrated in four autonomous regions (AU)
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Fotocópia
Id: 140301
Autor: Romero Gil, R; Ortiz Madinaveitia, S; Peña Busto, A; Serrano Madrid, M; García Fernández, JA; Bombin Canal, C; Galparsoro Arrate, JM.
Título: Ictericia secundaria a una deficiencia de glucosa 6-fosfato deshidrogenasa / Secondary jaundice to deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
Fonte: Acta pediatr. esp;73(5):e116-e121, mayo 2015. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Presentamos el caso de un varón de 7 años de edad, remitido a nuestra consulta para su valoración por un cuadro de ictericia mucocutánea. Las analíticas orientan hacia una anemia hemolítica y, tras interrogar a la familia, se concreta que el cuadro había comenzado a las 24 horas de la ingesta de habas, por lo que se orienta el cuadro como un probable déficit de glucosa 6-fosfato deshidrogenasa (D-G6PD), confirmándose posteriormente. Se inicia tratamiento de soporte. Las cifras más bajas de hemoglobina y hematocrito se detectan al cuarto día tras la ingesta del agente desencadenante, permaneciendo el paciente prácticamente asintomático. Las cifras analíticas se normalizan completamente a los 14 días del inicio del cuadro. En este caso se detectó la coexistencia de D-G6PD con otra eritropatía, G6PD/HbS (anemia de células falciformes), asociación que ya ha sido descrita en otros trabajos anteriormente. Al alta hospitalaria se proporcionó al paciente una lista de fármacos y alimentos con efecto oxidante, así como asesoramiento genético. Asimismo, nos parece importante resaltar la importancia de excluir la coexistencia de D-G6PD con otras eritropatía (AU)

We describe the case of a seven year old male patient, who was sent to study because of recient jaundice, with final diagnosis hemolitic anemia, beginning up to 24 hours to have consumed beans, and that's why the initial diagnosis was glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD), being confirmed later. Lower numbers of haemoglobin and hematocrito appears on fourth day, remaining practically asymptomatic. Analytical normalized to 14 days. We diagnose also coexistence of G6PD with other erythropathy G6PG/HbS. The patient received the list of food and drugs potentially harmful and genetic counselling. We want to stand out the importance of reject the coexistence with another erythropathy (AU)
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Fotocópia
Id: 136802
Autor: Dotinga, A; Van Den Eijnden, R; San José, B; Garretsen, H; Bosveld, W.
Título: Alcohol y emigración: los problemas de medición en la investigación sobre el consumo de alcohol entre inmigrantes marroquíes y turcos / Alcohol and migrations: problems in the measurement of alcohol consumption in Turkish and Moroccan immigrants
Fonte: Adicciones (Palma de Mallorca);14(supl.1):261-278, 2002. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El Islám prohíbe el consumo de alcohol, por lo que uno de los factores determinantes del consumo de alcohol entre los ciudadanos de origen turco y marroquí que viven en Holanda es el grado en el que viven conforme con las normas del Islám. Esto último depende en parte de su historia migratoria, su bagaje subcultural y su grado de integración en la sociedad holandesa. En este capítulo resumen 24 estudios holandeses que tratan el consumo de alcohol entre turcos y marroquíes y discutimos los problemas metodológicos y conceptuales que conllevan este tipo de estudios. Estas investigaciones se enfrentan con el problema de contactar con turcos y marroquíes, el problema de la validez de las respuestas obtenidas (el Islám destaca la importancia de valores tales como el honor y el respeto que pueden llevar a que los sujetos subestimen su consumo de alcohol), así como problemas de idioma. Además del problema del reducido tamaño de las muestras, se discuten los distintos métodos de investigación utilizados en los distintos estudios, y la conceptualización de ôorigen étnicoö, que influyen en la fiabilidad y validez de los resultados. A pesar de todo se puede concluir que el consumo de alcohol entre los ciudadanos de origen turco y marroquí residiendo en los Países Bajos consumen menos alcohol que los holandeses; que los turcos consumen más alcohol que los marroquíes; que tanto entre los turcos como entre los marroquíes los hombres beben más que las mujeres, y los jóvenes más que los mayores (AU)

Since most Turks and Moroccans living in The Netherlands are Muslim, and the Islamic religion prescribes abstinence of alcohol, the main determinant of alcohol use seems to be the degree to which live up to Islamic rules. This is linked to questions such as the migration history, the sub-cultural background and the degree of integration into the Dutch society. The present article also presents a review of 24 Dutch studies on alcohol use among Turkish and Moroccan migrants and discusses the methodological and conceptual problems that accompany these studies. According to these literature the data are affected by a low reachability of Turks and Moroccans (often resulting in the participation of a selective, non-representative group), unreliable answering tendencies (the Islamic orientation and cultural values of honor and respect may result in underreporting of alcohol use) and language problems. The authors argue that, although several conceptual and methodological difficulties accompany alcohol research among Turkish and Moroccan inhabitants of The Netherlands, the following tendencies seem evident: Turks and Moroccans drink less alcohol than Dutch inhabitants do; alcohol use is higher among Turks than among Moroccans; in the Turkish as well as the Moroccan population, men tend to drink more alcohol than women do, and younger people tend to drink more than older people do (AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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