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Id: 165280
Autor: Kim, Youngho; Kang, SooJin; Hwang, Jin.
Título: Physical activity distribution and differences in its related processes of change strategies in adolescents / Distribución de la actividad física y diferencias en sus procesos relacionados de estrategias de cambio en adolescents
Fonte: Rev. psicol. deport;26(supl.4):5-9, 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The purpose of the present study was to identify physical activity distribution of Korean adolescents and explore differences in cognitive and behavioral processes of change by the stages of physical activity among Korean adolescents. A total of 988 adolescents randomly selected from junior high and high schools in Seoul were surveyed. Stage of physical activity change questionnaire and processes of change questionnaire were used to identify the stages of physical activity and the processes of change construct of adolescents. Results indicated that physical activity pattern of Korean adolescents were different by each stage of physical activity. Female adolescents were more likely to be in the contemplation stage, whereas males were more likely to be in the maintenance. In addition, significant differences were revealed in use of processes of change constructs through stages of physical activity. The use of cognitive and behavioral strategies increased from precontemplation through maintenance. This study provides some insights into the physical activity habits and the TTM components of increasing physical activity levels in the adolescent populations (AU)

El propósito del presente estudio fue identificar la distribución de la actividad física de los adolescentes coreanos y explorar las diferencias en los procesos de cambio cognitivo y conductual por las etapas de la actividad física entre los adolescentes coreanos. Se encuestó a un total de 988 adolescentes seleccionados aleatoriamente de las escuelas secundarias y preparatorias de Seúl. Se utilizaron el cuestionario de estadio del cambio de actividad física y el cuestionario de procesos de cambio para identificar las etapas de la actividad física y los procesos de construcción del cambio de los adolescentes. Los resultados indicaron que el patrón de actividad física de los adolescentes coreanos era diferente en cada etapa de la actividad física. Las adolescentes eran más propensas a estar en la etapa de contemplación, mientras que los varones tenían más probabilidades de estar en el mantenimiento. Además, se revelaron diferencias significativas en el uso de procesos de construcción de cambios a través de etapas de actividad física. El uso de estrategias cognitivas y conductuales aumentó desde la precontemplación hasta el mantenimiento. Este estudio proporciona algunas ideas sobre los hábitos de actividad física y los componentes de TTM de los niveles crecientes de actividad física en las poblaciones de adolescentes (AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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Id: 165262
Autor: Kim, Yaungho; Lee, HakGweon.
Título: Association of Health Risk Perception and Physical Activity among Adolescents / Asociación de la percepción del rieso para la salud y la actividad física entre los adolescentes
Fonte: Rev. psicol. deport;26(supl.3):45-50, 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The current study was to identify health risk perceptions and perception bias in adolescents. Moreover, the study investigated the relationship of risk perceptions with physical activity. A total of 625 adolescents (314 male and 311 female) were voluntarily participated from the Nowon district, geographically located in northern Seoul. In order to measure health risk perceptions a Korean version of self-other risk judgments profile and leisure time exercise questionnaire were used. Results indicated that the study participants, regardless of gender and age, tend to underestimate their vulnerability to the majority of health risk events. The finding revealed that there were significant differences in perception bias toward to health risks by gender and the physical activity level. Furthermore, it is revealed that risk perceptions are directly associated with physical activity participation. The significance of this study lies in the fact that it made a unique contribution to the existing knowledge in exercise and health psychology on relationship between risk perceptions and physical activity (AU)

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar las percepciones del riesgo para la salud y el sesgo de percepción en adolescentes. Además, el estudio investigó la relación entre las percepciones de riesgo y la actividad física. De forma voluntaria, participaron un total de 625 adolescentes (314 hombres y 311 mujeres) del distrito de Nowon, geográficamente ubicado en el norte de Seúl. Con el fin de medir las percepciones de riesgo sobre la salud se utilizó una versión coreana del perfil de juicios de riesgo self-other y el cuestionario de ejercicio de tiempo libre. Los resultados indicaron que los participantes del estudio, independientemente del sexo y la edad, tienden a subestimar su vulnerabilidad a la mayoría de los. El hallazgo reveló que había diferencias significativas en el sesgo de percepción hacia los riesgos de salud por género y el nivel de actividad física. Además, se revela que las percepciones de riesgo están directamente asociadas con la participación en la actividad física. La importancia de este estudio reside en el hecho de que hizo una contribución única al conocimiento existente en el ejercicio y la psicología de la salud sobre la relación entre las percepciones de riesgo y la actividad física (AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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Id: 163204
Autor: Lee, Yeon-Hee; Lee, Jae-Il.
Título: Metastatic carcinoma of the oral region: An analysis of 21 cases
Fonte: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);22(3):e359-e365, 1 mayo 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: Metastatic carcinoma to the jaws and oral region are very rare, representing less than 1% of all oral tumors. Unfortunately, oral metastasis is usually manifestation of an advanced stage of primary cancer, and indicates widespread disease and poor prognosis. Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 2039 patients with history of oral malignant tumor between 1980 and 2012 at Seoul National University Dental Hospital were evaluated. We analyzed the dental and medical records, and histopathological database of 2039 patients to assess the prevalence of oral metastasis of carcinoma in terms of sex and age, as well as, the most common origin of primary cancer, and prevalent site and histopathological type of metastatic carcinoma. Results: Among 2039 patients, 21 (1.03%) were finally diagnosed with metastatic carcinoma of the jaws and oral region. Among the 21 patients, only 11 had a working diagnosis as oral metastasis upon clinical evaluation before performing a biopsy. The mean age at the time of diagnosis with a metastatic carcinoma was 56.86, and there was a male preponderance. Metastatic carcinoma was more frequent in the jaws than in the soft tissue, especially in the mandible compared to the maxilla. The most frequent primary site was the lungs, followed by the liver and breasts. The predominant histopathological types were hepatocellular carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Patient outcomes indicated a poor prognosis with the time from the appearance of the metastasis to death was only 12 months. Conclusions: According to these cases, oral metastases of carcinoma were exceedingly rare in Koreans. It can allow the clinicians take into account the possible presence of metastases and lead to early diagnosis (AU)

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Id: 139901
Autor: Kang, Soojin; Kim, Youngho.
Título: Relationship of social norms and self-efficacy with physical activity in Korean Adolescents / Relaciones entre la snormas sociales y la autoeficacia con la actividad física en adolescentes de Corea
Fonte: Rev. psicol. deport;24(2):305-310, 2015.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: The study identified the physical activity distribution among a random sample of Korean adolescents and investigated relationship of selfefficacy and social norms with physical activity. Participants included 488 students enrolled in 7th to 12th grade (Male: 255, Female: 233, Mage = 15.13, SD = ± 1.56). Three Korean-version questionnaires were used to explore a possible association of self-efficacy and social norms with physical activity among adolescents. Crosstab analysis, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze data. Results indicated that the physical activity pattern of Korean adolescents was different by each stage of physical activity: precontemplation (15.3%), contemplation (17.7%), preparation (28.8%), action (18.4%), and maintenance (19.8%). Significant distribution emerged as a function of gender. In addition, the findings revealed that self-efficacy and peer norms were significantly correlated with physical activity and that peer norms and self-efficacy had significant effect in predicting physical activity. The findings suggested that the health promotion strategy aimed at increasing adolescents' physical activity should be designed to foster self-efficacy and peer norms relating to physical activity (AU)

El objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar la influencia de los dos elementos principales del perfeccionismo (CM, preocupación ante los errores y PS, exigencias personales) ante los factores de riesgo de los trastornos alimentarios en bailarinas. Con apoyo en la literatura, evaluamos el rol de CM y de PS sobre la dieta y el estado de ánimo, y la función de la ansiedad de rendimiento y la insatisfacción corporal como los principales mediadores en el modelo. Doscientas ocho bailarinas (M = 15.28, SDedad = 2.32) de dos conservatorios de danza españoles participaron en este estudio. Gracias a modelos estructurales, los resultados confirman la influencia de PS y de CM en la dieta, sin embargo la vinculación entre dieta, insatisfacción corporal, estado de ánimo y la ansiedad de rendimiento solo se produce a partir del CM que es la vía del perfeccionismo debilitador. En conclusión, la presencia de CM puede ser la clave para diferenciar entre bailarines con mayor riesgo para desarrollar trastornos alimentarios debido a su asociación con variables tradicionalmente relacionadas con estos (AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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Id: 81816
Autor: Hommers, Wilfried; Lee, Wha-Yong.
Título: Unifying kohlberg with information integration: the moral algebra of recompense and of kohlbergian moral informers
Fonte: Psicológica (Valencia, Ed. impr.);31(3):689-706, 2010.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In order to unify two major theories of moral judgment, a novel task is employed which combines elements of Kohlbergïs stage theory and of the theory of information integration. In contrast to the format of Kohlbergïs moral judgment interview, a nonverbal and quantitative response which makes low demands on verbal facility was used . Moral informers differing in value, i.e. high and low, are presented. The differences in effect of those two pieces of information should be substantial for a person at that specific moral stage, but small for a person at a different stage. Hence, these differences may diagnose the person's moral stage in the simplest possible way as the two levels of each of the thoughts were about typical content of the four Kohlbergian preconventional and conventional stages. The novel task allowed additionally to measure the influence of another moral concept which was about the non-Kohlbergian moral concept of recompense. After a training phase, pairs of those thoughts were presented to allow for the study of integration and individual differences. German and Korean children, 8, 10, and 12 years in age, judged deserved punishment. The patterns of means, correlations and factor loadings showed that elements of both theories can be unified, but produced unexpected results also. Additive integration of each of the two pairs of moral informers appeared, either with two Kohlbergian moral informers or with another Kohlbergian moral informer in combination with information about recompense. Also cultural independence as well as dependence, developmental changes between 8 and 10 years, and an outstanding moral impact of recompense in size and distinctiveness were observed(AU)
Responsável: ES1.1
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Id: 042619
Autor: Eguia, Asier; Villarroel, Mariana; Martínez-Conde, Rafael; Echebarría, María Ángeles; Aguirre, José Manuel.
Título: Enfermedad de Adamantiades-Behçet: un proceso enigmático con manifestaciones orales / Adamantiades-Behçet disease: an enigmatic process with oral manifestations
Fonte: Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet);11(1):6-11, ene. 2006. ilus, tab.
Idioma: Es.
Resumo: La enfermedad de Adamantiades-Behçet es una vasculitis multisistémica crónica, potencialmente capaz de afectar a cualquier órgano o sistema del cuerpo humano y en la que la aparición repetida de úlceras orales es una de sus principales expresiones clínicas. La EAB es una patología de carácter universal, con una prevalencia variable en función de la población estudiada y que muestra una curiosa distribución geográfica. A pesar de ser un proceso conocido desde la antigüedad, su etiopatogenia en la que probablemente se hayan implicados factores genéticos, microbiológicos e inmunológicos, continua siendo enigmática. Su amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas orales, genitales, cutáneas, oculares, neurológicas, vasculares y gastrointestinalesy su impredecible evolución con periodos de exacerbación y de remisión son dos de los aspectos más representativos de esta patología. El complejo tratamiento de la EAB requiere una estrecha cooperación multidisciplinar dado su carácter multisistémico. Gracias a ello y al desarrollo de nuevos agentes terapéuticos su pronóstico ha mejorado sensiblemente con respecto a décadas pasadas. En esta revisión analizamos los principales aspectos etiopatogénicos, clínicos y terapéuticos de esta enfermedad

Adamantiades-Behçet disease (ABD) is a chronic multisystemic vasculitis that is able to affect any human organ or system. Recurrent oral ulcers are a very important clinical sign. ABD is a worldwide pathology, which prevalence varies according to the population and geographic location. Although ABD has been known for ages, its aetiology remains an enigma. Genetic, immunological and microbiological factors have been associated. A wide spectrum of clinical manifestations (oral, genital, cutaneous, ocular, neurological, vascular and gastrointestinal) and an unpredictable evolution with repeated periods of exacerbationand remission are the most representative aspects of this pathology. The complex treatment of ABD requires a deep multidisciplinary cooperation; therefore, there is an extensive development of new therapeutic agents that have improved the prognosis of ABD. In this review were analysed the main etiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of the disease
Responsável: ES1.1
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