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Id: biblio-954154
Autor: Erdem, Huseyin; Kizilkanat, Emine Dondu; Boyan, Neslihan; Soames, Roger; Oguz, Ozkan.
Título: Anatomy and clinical importance of the extracranial clivus and surrounding structures / Anatomía e importancia clínica del clivus extracraneal y las estructuras circundantes
Fuente: Int. j. morphol;36(2):557-562, jun. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical importance of measurements taken from the pharyngeal tubercle (PT) to various anatomical structures around the extracranial clivus. Twenty-six adult dry Anatolian skulls were examined. The extracranial clivus and PT were used as landmarks from which various distances were measured using a digital caliper accurate to 0.01 mm. The following mean distances from the PT were observed; foramen lacerum (FL) (L: 17.15 mm, R: 17.4 mm) ; medial external margin of the carotid canal (CC) (L: 26.7 mm, R: 27.5 mm); anterior tip of occipital condyle (OC) (L: 16.4 mm, R: 16.3 mm); anterior margin of foramen magnum (FM) (10.8 mm); foramen ovale (FO) (L: 25.9 mm, R: 29.1); medial margin of the jugular fossa (JF) (L: 25.4 mm, R: 25.7 mm); medial external margin of the hypoglossal canal (HC) (L: 20.0 mm, R: 19.9 mm). Mean bilateral distances were: LFO-RFO: 45.34 mm; LFL-RFL: 20.1 mm; LCC-RCC: 52.1 mm; LOC-ROC: 17.6 mm; LJF-RJF: 45.2 mm; LHC-RHC: 33.5 mm. The following mean distances were observed from the FM: FM-OC (L: 8.3 mm, R: 9.3 mm); FM-HC (L: 17.8 mm, R: 17.4 mm). Also the mean distance of OC-HC were observed (L: 11.7 mm, R: 11.4 mm). Present measurements suggest that the PT can be used as an anatomical landmark during surgery involving clival pathology. However, the anatomy and variations of the extracranial clivus and surrounding structures must be taken into consideration.

El objetivo de este estudio fue revelar la importancia clínica de las mediciones tomadas desde el tubérculo faríngeo (TF) a diversas estructuras anatómicas alrededor del clivus extracraneal. Veintiséis cráneos, secos adultos, de Anatolia, fueron examinados. El clivus extracraneal y TF se utilizaron como puntos de referencia a partir de los cuales se midieron varias distancias con un calibrador digital con una precisión de 0,01 mm. Se observaron las siguientes distancias medias del TF: foramen lacerum (FL) (L: 17.15 mm, R: 17,4 mm); margen externo medial del canal carotídeo (CC) (L: 26,7 mm, R: 27,5 mm); parte anterior del cóndilo occipital (OC) (L: 16,4 mm, R: 16,3 mm); margen anterior del foramen magnum (FM) (10,8 mm); foramen oval (FO) (L: 25,9 mm, R: 29,1); margen medial de la fosa yugular (FY) (L: 25,4 mm, R: 25,7 mm); margen medial del canal hipogloso (CH) (L: 20,0 mm, R: 19,9 mm). Las distancias bilaterales medias fueron: LFO-RFO: 45,34 mm; LFLRFL: 20,1 mm; LCC-RCC: 52,1 mm; LOC-ROC: 17,6 mm; LJFRJF: 45,2 mm; LHC-RHC: 33,5 mm. Se observaron las siguientes distancias medias de la FM: FM-OC (L: 8,3 mm, R: 9,3 mm); FMCH (L: 17,8 mm, R: 17,4 mm). También se observó la distancia media de OC-CH (L: 11,7 mm, R: 11,4 mm). Las mediciones actuales sugieren que el TF puede ser utilizado como un hito anatómico durante la cirugía que involucra la patología clival. Sin embargo, se deben tener en cuenta la anatomía y las variaciones del clivus extracraneal y las estructuras circundantes.
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Id: biblio-954200
Autor: Chen, Yimei; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Xiaoming; Zhang, Tijiang; Yang, Shengbo.
Título: Localization of the nerve entry points of thigh adductor muscles by spiral computed tomography: a novel anatomical guide for chemical neurolysis in treating muscle spasticity / Localización de los puntos de entrada del nervio de los músculos aductores del muslo mediante tomografía computarizada espiral: una nueva guía anatómica para la neurolosis química en el tratamiento de la espasticidad muscular
Fuente: Int. j. morphol;36(3):871-876, Sept. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Provincial Natural Science Joint Foundation of Guizhou.
Resumen: The nerve entry points (NEPs) cannot yet be accurately localized for the treatment of thigh adductor muscles spasticity in chemical neurolysis. The aim of this study was to identify the location and depth of the NEPs of thigh adductor muscles by spiral computed tomography (CT) and bony landmarks. Forty lower limbs of twenty adult cadavers were dissected in supine position. A curved line on skin surface from the tip of greater trochanter of femur to the center of pubic tubercle was designated as the horizontal reference line (H). Another curved line from the tip of great trochanter to the lateral epicondyle of femur was designated as the longitudinal reference line (L). Following dissection, the NEPs were labeled with barium sulfate, and their body surface projection points (P) were determined by spiral CT. Projection of NEP in the opposite direction was designated as P'. The percentage location of the intersections (PH and PL) of P with the H and L and the percentage depth of NEPs were determined with the Syngo system. The PH for the NEP of pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis and adductor magnus muscles branch were located at 76.41±0.71 %, 93.85±2.07 %, 92.05±2.15 %, 80.75±1.20 % and 88.08±1.09 % of the H, respectively. The PLwere at 1.64±0.04 %, 29.89±1.90 %, 16.06±1.32 %, 11.66±0.11 % and 22.94±0.90 % of the L, respectively. The depth of NEP from P points were at 17.52±0.52 %, 38.38±2.75 %, 20.88±0.79 %, 20.35±0.82 % and 39.52±0.67 % of PP', respectively. These results help to carry out more precise localization of the NEPs. It should provide a novel anatomical guide for improving the efficacy and efficiency of chemical neurolysis in treating thigh adductor muscle spasticity.

Aún no se pueden localizar con precisión los puntos de entrada del nervio (PEN) para el tratamiento de la espasticidad de los músculos aductores del muslo a través de la neurólisis química. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar la ubicación y la profundidad de los PEN de los músculos aductores del muslo mediante tomografía computarizada espiral (TC) y puntos de referencia óseos. Se disecaron loa miembros inferiores de 20 cadáveres adultos en posición supina. Se trazó una línea curva en la superficie de la piel desdeel ápice del trocánter mayor del fémur hasta el centro del tubérculo púbico y se designó como línea de referencia horizontal (H). Otra línea curva desde el ápice del trocánter mayor hasta el epicóndilo lateral del fémur se designó como línea de referencia longitudinal (L). Después de la disección, los PEN se marcaron con sulfato de bario y sus puntos de proyección de la superficie del cuerpo (P) se determinaron mediante TC helicoidal. La proyección de PEN en la dirección opuesta se designó como P '. El porcentaje de ubicación de las intersecciones (PH y PL) de P con H y L y la profundidad porcentual de los PEN se determinaron con el sistema Syngo. Los PH para los PEN de los músculos pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, aductor brevis y rama aductora del músculo aductor magnus se localizaron en 76,41±0,71 %, 93,85±2,07 %, 92,05±2,15 %, 80,75±1,20 % y 88,08±1,09 % de H, respectivamente. Los PL estuvieron en 1,64±0,04 %, 29,89±1,90 %, 16,06±1,32 %, 11,66±0,11 % y 22,94±0,90 % de la L, respectivamente. La profundidad de PEN de P puntos fue de 17,52±0,52 %, 38,38±2,75 %, 20,88±0,79 %, 20,35±0,82 % y 39,52±0,67 % de PP ', respectivamente. Estos resultados ayudan a realizar una localización más precisa de los PEN. Se debe proponer una nueva guía anatómica para mejorar la eficacia y la eficiencia de la neurólisis química en el tratamiento de la espasticidad del músculo aductor del muslo.
Responsable: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-908008
Autor: Tacher Levy, Samuel; Morales López, Oswaldo; Ramos Carrillo, Adriana.
Título: Anestesia regional mandibular con modificación de tacher / Regional anesthesia with tacher modification
Fuente: Rev. ADM = ADM;74(3):123-126, mayo-jun. 2017. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: La anestesia dental es un tema importante en la práctica cotidiana enlas diversas especialidades odontológicas, motivo por el que nace lanecesidad de hacer una revisión de las técnicas anestésicas actuales. Con base en nuestra experiencia nos dimos cuenta de que la practicidad de utilizar referencias anatómicas confiables nos sirven de guía para obtener una mejor efi cacia al momento de anestesiar el nervio alveolar mandibular. Lo anterior se traduce en menor dolor posterior a la punción, menor dosis anestésica y una profundidad anestésica adecuada en tejidos blandos y duros, del mismo modo nos permite llevar a cabo diversos tratamientos con un margen de seguridad más amplio y disminuir losriesgos de toxicidad. Cabe mencionar que dicha técnica se ha incluido enla práctica clínica cotidiana en nuestra práctica privada en el Postgradode Ortodoncia del Instituto universitario Franco Inglés de México yen el Servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial del Centro Médico Lic.Adolfo López Mateos en la ciudad de Toluca, Estado de México.

Dental anesthesia is an important issue in daily practice in the variousdental specialties, which is why the need for a review of the anesthetictechnique arises. Based on our experience, we realized the practicalityof using reliable anatomical references that serve as a guide, to obtaina better effi cacy when anesthetizing the mandibular alveolar nerve,resulting in less pain after puncture, lower anesthetic dose and anadequate anesthetic depth in soft and hard tissues, which allows us tocarry out various treatments with a wider margin of safety and reducethe risks of toxicity. It is worth mentioning that this technique hasbeen included in daily clinical practice in our private practice, in theorthodontic postgraduate course of the Instituto Franco in Mexico andin the oral and maxillofacial surgery service of the Licensed MedicalCenter «Adolfo Lopez Mateos¼ in the City of Toluca, State of Mexico.
Responsable: AR29.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-906282
Autor: Vázquez, Diego Jorge; Subirán, Beatriz Teresa; Estévez, Alejandro; Nart, Leonardo; Hecht, Juan Pedro.
Título: Estudio de las variantes anatómicas del conducto dentario inferior en el sector posteroinferior mediante tomografía de haz cónico en pacientes desdentados / Study of the anatomical variants of the mandibular dental canal in the lower posterior sector by cone-beam tomography in edentulous patients
Fuente: Rev. ADM = ADM;75(1):34-38, ene.-feb. 2018. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Objetivo: Determinar las variantes anatómicas producidas entre el conducto dentario inferior y las corticales alveolares superior, inferior, externa e interna en pacientes desdentados con respecto a pacientes dentados posteroinferiores en tomografía axial computarizada (TAC). Métodos: Se estudiaron 15 tomografías en pacientes edéntulos y 15 en pacientes dentados en el sector posteroinferior, de ambos sexos en pacientes con un rango de edad entre los 50 hasta los 65 años. Se midieron en cortes oblicuos a partir del agujero mentoniano realizando 5 cortes posteriores cada 4 milímetros. En cada corte se realizaron mediciones desde el conducto dentario inferior hasta las corticales superior, inferior, interna y externa. Resultados: Se pudo observar que en los pacientes desdentados se hallan diferencias signifi cativas entre las mediciones del conducto dentario inferior y las corticales óseas, con respecto a los pacientes dentados. Conclusión: Según este estudio se pudo comprobar que el hueso sufre mayor resorción en los pacientes desdentados observándose más acentuada la pérdida ósea entre el conducto dentario y las corticales superior e interna con respecto a los pacientes dentados (AU)

Objective: To determine the anatomical variants produced between the mandibular canal and the superior, inferior, external and internal alveolar cortices in edentulous patients with respect to dentate patients posteroinferior in computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Fifteen tomographies were studied in edentulous patients and 15 in dentate patients in the posteroinferior sector, of both sexes in patients with an age range between 50 and 65 years. They were measured in oblique cuts from the mental foramen making 5 posterior cuts every 4 millimeters. In each cut, measurements were made from the mandibular canal to the upper, lower, internal and external cortices. Results: It was observed that in the edentulous patients there are signifi cant diff erences between the measurements of the mandibular canal and the bone cortical, with respect to the dentate patients. Conclusion: According to this study it was possible to verify that the bone undergoes greater resorption in the edentulous patients, with more marked loss of bone between the mandibular canal and the superior and internal cortices with respect to the dentate patients (AU)
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Id: biblio-905295
Autor: Mello, Bianca Zeponi Fernandes de.
Título: Three-dimensional morphometric analysis of dental arches of children with cleft lip and palate: longitudinal study / Análise morfométrica tridimensional dos arcos dentários de crianças com fissura labiopalatina: estudo longitudinal.
Fuente: Bauru; s.n; 2018. 62 p. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Tesis: Presentada en Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru para obtención del grado de Doutor.
Resumen: This study aimed to present two papers that show the alterations in the dental arch dimensions of children with cleft lip and palate before and after the primary surgeries. The first study aimed to evaluate the dimensional alterations of the dental arches of neonates with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate before and after two different primary plastic surgeries. The sample was composed of 114 dental casts of 57 children, divided into two groups: Group 1 ­ 26 neonates whose lip closure was accomplished at 3 months of life by Millard´s technique and the anterior and posterior palate closure by von Langenback's technique (VL); Group 2 ­ 31 neonates whose lip closure, nose's ala correction, and anterior palate closure were accomplished of life by Millard´s technique, Mcomb's or Skoog's technique, and vomer's flap, respectively at 3 months of life; posterior palate closure was accomplished by VL at 12 months of life. The dental casts were analyzed at two phases: (T1) pre-cheiloplasty and (T2) one year after palatoplasty. The second study aimed to evaluate morphometrically and longitudinally the alterations of the dental arch dimensions of children with cleft lip and palate. The sample was composed by digital dental casts of children with complete cleft lip (Group 1), complete cleft lip and palate (Group 2), and complete cleft palate (Group 3), obtained at pre-cheiloplasty (T1), pre-palatoplasty (T2), and one year after palatoplasty (T3). The measurements of the dental arch dimensions of both studies were performed directly on the digitized models and analyzed by Appliance Designer software. The following dimensions were obtained: intercanine distance, inter-tuberosity distance, anterior arch length, and total arch length. A previously trained and calibrated examiner performed the assessments of both studies. To verify the alterations among groups, t test and ANOVA followed by Tukey was applied. In the first study, no statistically significant differences occurred at pre-cheiloplasty. At one year after palatoplasty, Group 1 had statistically significant greater anterior-posterior arch length (P=0.002) than Group 2. This suggested that the outcomes of the different surgical techniques may cause alterations in the dental arch growth and development of neonates with cleft lip and palate. In the second study, in Group 1, the distances C-C', T-T', and I-TT' were statistically greater at T2 than at T1. In Group 2, the distances C-C' and I-CC' were smaller at T3. T-T' distance decreased and I-TT' distance increased at all phases. In Group 3, the C-C', T-T', and I-TT' distances were statistically greater at T3. The intergroup comparisons showed that C-C' and T-T' distances were statistically greater in Group 1; C-C' and I-CC' distances were statistically smaller in Group 2; and I-TT' distance was statistically greater in Group 3. The longitudinal evaluation of the changes occurred in the dental arches of children with different oral cleft types showed that cheiloplasty and palatoplasty caused the most alterations in the growth and development of the maxillary dimensions of children with complete cleft lip and palate.(AU)

O propósito deste estudo foi apresentar dois artigos que mostram as alterações das dimensões dos arcos dentários de crianças com fissura labiopalatina antes e depois das cirurgias primárias. O primeiro estudo foi proposto para avaliar as alterações dimensionais dos arcos dentários de neonatos com fissura labiopalatina antes e após a realização de duas técnicas distintas de cirurgias plásticas primárias. A amostra foi composta de 114 modelos dentários em gesso de 57 crianças, divididos em dois grupos: Grupo I ­ 26 neonatos, fechamento do lábio realizado aos 3 meses de vida pela técnica de Millard e palato total aos 12 meses, pela técnica de von Langenback (VL); Grupo II ­ 31 neonatos, fechamento do lábio pela técnica de Millard aos 3 meses de vida, correção de asa nasal (técnicas de Mcomb ou Skoog) e palatoplastia anterior com retalho de vômer aos 3 meses. A palatoplastia posterior foi realizada aos 12 meses pela técnica VL. Os modelos foram analisados em 2 fases: (F1) pré-queiloplastia e (F2) 1 ano pós-palatoplastia. No segundo estudo o objetivo foi realizar uma avaliação longitudinal das alterações das dimensões dos arcos dentários de crianças com fissura labiopalatina. A amostra foi composta de modelos digitais de crianças com fissura completa de lábio (Grupo 1), completa de lábio e palato (Grupo 2), e completa de palato (Grupo 3), obtidos nas fases de pré-queiloplastia (Fase 1), pré-palatoplastia (Fase 2), 1 ano póspalatoplastia (Fase 3). As medidas das dimensões dos arcos dentários nos dois estudos foram realizadas nos modelos digitalizados e analisados utilizando software Appliance Designer. As seguintes dimensões foram obtidas: distância intercaninos, distância intertuberosidade, comprimento anterior do arco dentário e comprimento total do arco. Um avaliador previamente calibrado e treinado realizou as avaliações para os dois estudos. Foi aplicado o Teste t e a Análise de Variância, seguida do Teste de Tukey. Para o primeiro estudo não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na fase pré-queiloplastia entre os grupos. Na fase 1 ano pós-palatoplastia houve diferença para o comprimento anteroposterior do arco dentário (p=0,002), entre os grupos, com valores maiores para o grupo I. Para o segundo estudo, no Grupo 1, as distâncias C-C', T-T' e I-TT' apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante entre a F1 e F2, com aumento na F2. Para o Grupo 2, houve diferença estatisticamente significante em todas as fases avaliadas. As distâncias C-C' e I-CC' apresentaram menor valor na F3, T-T' diminuiu em todas as fases, e I-TT' aumentou em todas as fases. No Grupo 3, as distâncias C-C', T-T' e I-TT' mostraram diferença estatisticamente significante com aumento na F3. Quando avaliadas as medidas entre os grupos e fases, C-C' e T-T' mostraram um valor maior para o Grupo 1. A comparação entre F2 e F3 mostraram para as distâncias C-C' e I-CC' valor menor para o Grupo 2, e I-TT' foi maior para o Grupo 3. As avaliações longitudinais nos arcos dentários mostraram que a queiloplastia e palatoplastia causam maiores alterações de crescimento e desenvolvimento maxilares de pacientes com fissura completa de lábio e palato.(AU)
Responsable: BR28.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Documentação Professor Doutor Antônio Gabriel Atta
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Id: biblio-893635
Autor: WON, Sang-Yeun; KIM, Hye-Kyoung; KIM, Mee-Eun; KIM, Ki-Suk.
Título: Two-point discrimination values vary depending on test site, sex and test modality in the orofacial region: a preliminary study
Fuente: J. appl. oral sci;25(4):427-435, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: Dankook University.
Resumen: Abstract The two-point discrimination (TPD) test is one of the most commonly used neurosensory tests to assess mechanoperception in the clinical settings. While there have been numerous studies of functional sensibility of the hand using TPD test, there have been relatively not enough reports on TPD in the orofacial region. Objective The aims of the present study were to determine the normal values of TPD in the six trigeminal sites (the forehead, cheek, mentum, upper lip, lower lip, and the tongue tip) and to investigate the effect of the site, sex, and test modality on the TPD perception. Material and Methods Forty healthy volunteers consisting of age-matched men (20) and women (20) with a mean age of 27.1 years were recruited. One examiner performed the TPD test using a simple hand-operated device, i.e., by drawing compass with a blunt or sharp-pointed tip. The static TPD with a blunt-pointed tip (STPDB), moving TPD with a blunt-pointed tip (MTPDB), and static TPD with a sharp-pointed tip (STPDS) were measured. The predictors were the site, sex, and test modality, and the outcome variable was the TPD value. Three-way ANOVA was used for statistics. Results The analysis showed a significant effect of the site, sex and test modality on the TPD values. Significant differences between the test sites were observed with the descending order from the forehead and cheek>mentum>upper lip and lower lip>tongue tip and index finger. Women showed lower TPD values than those of men. The STPDS measurements were consistently lower than those of the STPDB and MTPDB. Conclusions The normal values of TPD in this study suggest that the cheek and forehead were less sensitive than other regions evaluated and women were more sensitive than men. The STPDS was the most sensitive test modality.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-893073
Autor: Yang, Kiwook; Park, Jae-Hee; Jung, Soo-Jung; Lee, Hyunsu; Choi, In-Jang; Lee, Jae-Ho.
Título: Topography of the middle genicular artery is associated with the superior and inferior genicular arteries / La topografía de la arteria genicular media está asociada con las arterias geniculares superiores e inferiores
Fuente: Int. j. morphol;35(3):913-918, Sept. 2017. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: Keimyung University.
Resumen: Total knee arthroplasty has increased substantially, however anatomical studies of the genicular arteries (GAs) in this region are rare. The aim of this study was to identify the pattern and branching points of GAs and their relationship. In 42 lower limbs, the pattern and branching points of GAs were confirmed. The horizontal line which extends between the most prominent point of the lateral and medial margins of patella was defined as a reference line. The distance of branching point of the GAs from the reference line was measured, and the correlations between these points were analyzed. The superior lateral and medial genicular arteries (SLGA and SMGA) were located at + 38.17 ± 3.10 mm and + 32.68 ± 3.83 mm from the reference line, respectively. The middle genicular artery (MGA) was originated from + 7.57 ± 3.98 mm. The inferior lateral and medial genicular arteries (ILGA and IMGA) were located at - 18.46 ± 2.63 mm and - 24.09 ± 3.52 mm, respectively. The branching points of the SLGA changed significantly according to the arterial branching pattern with the MGA. In addition, the branching point of the MGA had positive relationships with that of the IMGA (r = 0.385, p <0.05) and that of the ILGA (r = 0.348, p <0.05), respectively. In this study, topography of the GAs and its anatomical association were demonstrated for the first time in Korean cadavers. Knowledge of the topography about frequent variation would be useful for safe surgery and clinical procedures.

La artroplastía total de rodilla ha aumentado sustancialmente, sin embargo los estudios anatómicos de las arterias geniculares (AGs) en esta región son escasos. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los patrones y puntos de ramificación de las AGs y sus relaciones. En 42 miembros inferiores, se identificaron el patrón y los puntos de ramificación de las AGs. La línea horizontal que se extiende entre el punto más prominente de los márgenes lateral y medial de la patela se definió como una línea de referencia. Se midió la distancia entre el punto de ramificación de las AGs y la línea de referencia, y se analizaron las correlaciones entre estos puntos. Las arterias geniculares superiores lateral y medial (AGSL y AGSM, respectivamente) se situaron a + 38,17 ± 3,10 mm y + 32,68 ± 3,83 mm de la línea de referencia, respectivamente, y la arteria genicular media (AGM) se originó a partir de + 7,57 ± 3,98 mm. Las arterias geniculares inferiores lateral y medial (AGIL e AGIM, respectivamente) se localizaron a - 18,46 ± 2,63 mm y - 24,09 ± 3,52 mm, respectivamente. Los puntos de ramificación de la AGSL cambiaron significativamente de acuerdo con el patrón de ramificación arterial con respecto a la AGSM. Además, el punto de ramificación de la AGSM tuvo relaciones positivas con el de la AGIM (r = 0.385, p <0.05) y el de la AGIL (r = 0.348, p <0.05). En este estudio, la topografía de las AGs y su asociación anatómica se demostraron por primera vez en cadáveres coreanos. El conocimiento de la topografía sobre la variación frecuente sería útil para su aplicación en el desarrollo de cirugías y procedimientos clínicos seguros.
Responsable: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-893063
Autor: Karaca Bozdag, Zekiye; Kurkcuoglu, Ayla; Ustdal, Ayca; Cam, Yener; Oguz, Ozkan.
Título: Upper and lower lip soft tissue thicknesses differ in relation to age and sex / Grosores de los tejidos blandos de los labios superior e inferior difieren en relación con la edad y el sexo
Fuente: Int. j. morphol;35(3):852-858, Sept. 2017. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This study was performed to determine age- and sex-related differences in lip thickness. Lateral cephalometric images of 220 healthy individuals were taken and the thicknesses of the upper and lower lips were measured. The measurements were performed in three different age groups. Our results indicate that the lower lip thickness, as well as the distance between the most anterior point of contact between the upper and lower lips and the most protruding point of the upper incisor teeth, differed between the two sexes. The lips of males were thicker than those of females. Receiver operating curve analysis was performed to determine the cutoff values to differentiate thickness between males and females. Our results showed that knowledge of upper and lower lips thickness in relation to age and sex may be beneficial to forensic anthropologists, to plastic and reconstructive surgeons, and to orthodontists for more detailed examination, effective treatment, and optimised outcomes.

Este estudio se realizó para determinar las diferencias en el grosor de los labios relacionadas con la edad y el sexo. Se tomaron imágenes cefalométricas laterales de 220 individuos sanos y se midió el grosor de los labios superior e inferior. Las mediciones se realizaron en tres grupos de edades diferentes. Nuestros resultados indicaron que el grosor del labio inferior, así como la distancia entre el punto más anterior de contacto, entre los labios superior e inferior y el punto más sobresaliente de los dientes incisivos superiores, difieren entre los dos sexos. Los labios de los hombres eran más gruesos que los de las mujeres. Se realizó un análisis de la curva de operación del receptor para determinar los valores de corte para diferenciar el espesor entre hombres y mujeres. Nuestros resultados demostraron que el conocimiento del grosor de los labios, superior e inferior, en relación con la edad y el sexo puede ser beneficioso para los antropólogos forenses, cirujanos plásticos y reconstructivos y para los ortodoncistas al momento de realizar un examen detallado, e implemantar un tratamiento más eficaz, alcanzando resultados optimizados.
Responsable: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-893056
Autor: Yang, Shengbo; Hu, Shuangjiang; Tian, Xufeng; Hu, Shuaiyu.
Título: A novel method for localizing nerve entry points during spasticity treatment / Un nuevo método para localizar los puntos de entrada del nervio durante el tratamiento de la espasticidad
Fuente: Int. j. morphol;35(3):799-803, Sept. 2017. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Provincial Natural Science Joint Foundation of Guizhou; . Health and Family Planning Commission of Guizhou Province.
Resumen: The nerve entry points (NEPs) cannot be accurately localized for the treatment of muscle spasticity in neurolysis. The aim of this study was to develop a new method of accurately localizing nerve entry points in relation to bony landmarks. NEPs in human cadavers were coated with barium sulfate. Method 1 consisted of horizontal and longitudinal reference lines being designated based on bony landmarks, followed by radiography and measurements using picture archiving and communication system software. Method 2 involved sewing the barium sulfate-soaked suture thread into the skin to designate the horizontal and longitudinal reference lines, followed by computed tomography (CT) scanning to determine the skin surface location and puncture depth for the NEPs. Using method 1, the bony landmarks and nerve muscular branches labeled with barium sulfate were clearly visualized by radiography. NEPs were localized using the reference lines, but the resultant points were not on the skin surface, and information was not provided regarding puncture depth. Method 2 resulted in the bony landmarks, NEPs, and reference lines being clearly visualized using CT imaging. The NEPs were successfully projected onto the skin surface and localized using reference lines that were measured along the curve of the skin. Furthermore, method 2 provided measurements of puncture depth. NEPs, including depths, can be accurately localized in cadavers using CT. Therefore, this novel method is recommended for localizing neurolysis target points.

Los puntos de entrada de los nervios (PENs) no pueden localizarse con precisión para el tratamiento de la espasticidad muscular en la neurolisis. El objetivo de este estudio fue desarrollar un nuevo método de localización precisa de los puntos de entrada de los nervios en relación con puntos de referencia óseos. Los PENs en cadáveres humanos se recubrieron con sulfato de bario. En el método 1 se trazaron líneas de referencia horizontales y longitudinales que fueron elegidas basándose en puntos de referencia óseos, seguidos por radiografías y mediciones utilizando un software de archivo de imágenes y de sistemas de comunicación. El método 2 implicó coser hilo de sutura, impregnado con sulfato de bario, en la piel para designar las líneas de referencia horizontales y longitudinales, seguido de la realización de tomografía computarizada (TC) para determinar la ubicación en la superficie de la piel y la profundidad de punción de los PENs. Utilizando el método 1, las marcas óseas y los ramos musculares nerviosos, marcados con sulfato de bario, se visualizaron claramente mediante radiografía. Los PENs fueron localizados utilizando las líneas de referencia, sin embargo los puntos resultantes no se encontraron en la superficie de la piel, y no se proporcionó información sobre la profundidad de la punción. El método 2 dio como resultado la correcta visualización de los puntos de referencia óseos, los PENs y las líneas de referencia, utilizando imágenes de TC. Los PENs se proyectaron con éxito sobre la superficie de la piel y se localizaron usando líneas de referencia que se midieron a lo largo de la ésta. Además, el método 2 proporcionó mediciones acerca de la profundidad de punción. Los PENs, incluyendo las profundidades de punción, pueden ser localizados con exactitud en cadáveres usando TC. Por lo tanto, este nuevo método se recomienda para localizar los puntos objetivos de la neurolisis.
Responsable: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-883116
Autor: Ikuta, Carla Renata Sanomiya.
Título: Foraminas acessórias da região anterior da maxila em tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico / Additional foraminas in anterior maxilla through cone beam computed tomography.
Fuente: Bauru; s.n; 2017. 70 p. ilus, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Tesis: Presentada en Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru para obtención del grado de Doutor.
Resumen: Por meio do exame tridimensional de Tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) é possível avaliar a área de interesse previamente aos procedimentos com maior precisão. As variações anatômicas são estruturas que devem ser consideradas para a realização de cirurgias, como a foramina acessória da região anterior da maxila (FARAM). O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi avaliar a FARAM, em 150 exames de TCFC, obtidas no aparelho ICat Classic®. Por meio do programa ICat Vision® foram mensuradas o diâmetro, a distância da FARAM ao forame incisivo (FARAM-FI), da FARAM ao rebordo alveolar vestibular (FARAM-RAV) e da FARAM a sutura intermaxilar (FARAM-SI). Também foi avaliada a trajetória dos canais ósseos formados a partir da FARAM. Nos pacientes dentados, foram localizados por meio da área dos dentes: incisivo central, incisivo lateral e caninos. Foi realizada a correlação entre a presença da FARAM e o gênero e a idade. Dos 150 exames, a FARAM estava presente em 21 exames (14%). Destes, dez pacientes eram edêntulos na região de interesse de estudo e não foi possível localizar a foramina em relação aos dentes. Nenhum exame apresentou a FARAM relacionada ao incisivo central, em sete estavam relacionadas ao incisivo lateral e em quatro estavam relacionadas ao canino. Nenhum exame apresentou a FARAM bilateralmente, sendo que treze foram localizadas no lado direito e oito do lado esquerdo. O diâmetro médio da FARAM foi de 1,57 ± 0,38 mm. As médias das distâncias de FARAM-RAV foi de 11,65 ± 3,34 mm, FARAM-FI foi de 8,86 ± 2,72 mm e FARAM-SI, foi de 6,37 ± 2,9 mm. A trajetória do canal ósseo mais comum foi ascendente/oblíqua em direção a região anterior do assoalho da cavidade nasal. A correlação entre a presença da FARAM e o gênero foi estaticamente significante para os homens (p=0,055) no teste do qui-quadrado. No entanto, não foi estatisticamente significante para a idade.(AU)

Through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is possible to evaluate the region of interest before surgical procedures in tridimensional view. Anatomical variations should be considered for performing surgeries, as the additional foraminas in anterior maxilla (AFAM). The main aim of the present study is evaluate AFAM in 150 CBCT exams, obtained through ICat Classic® device. In ICat Vision® software, the diameter, the distance from the AFAM to the incisive foramen (AFAM-IF), AFAM to the vestibular alveolar ridge (AFAM-VAR) and AFAM intermaxillary suture (AFAM-IS) were measured. It was also evaluated the trajectory of the bony canals related to AFAM. In dentate patients, AFAM was located through the teeth area: central incisor, lateral incisor and canines. The correlation between the presence of FARAM and gender and age was investigated. The AFAM was presented in 21 exams (14%). In the positive exams, 10 patients were edentulous in the region of study interest and it was not possible to locate the foramen in relation to the teeth. Any exam presented the AFAM related to the central incisor, in seven were related to the lateral incisor and in four were related to the canine. Any exam presented the AFAM bilaterally, of which thirteen were located on the right side and eight on the left side. The mean diameter of the AFAM was 1.57 ± 0.38 mm. The distance of the AFAM-VAR 11.65 ± 3.34 mm, AFAMIF was 8.86 ± 2.72 mm and AFAM-IS was 6.37 ± 2.9 mm. The most common bone canal trajectory was upward/ oblique to the anterior region of the floor of the nasal cavity. The correlation between the presence of AFAM and the gender was statically significant for males (p=0.055) in the chi-square test. However, it was not statistically significant for age.(AU)
Responsable: BR28.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Documentação Professor Doutor Antônio Gabriel Atta
BR28.1, Ik8f



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