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Id: biblio-871413
Autor: Santos, Fred Luciano Neves.
Título: Caracterização do potencial diagnóstico de poliantígenos para detecção do Trypanosoma cruzi na fase crônica da doença de Chagas / Chracterization of the potencial diagnostic of polyantigens for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi in the chronic phase of Chagas disease.
Fuente: Recife; s.n; 2016. 196 p. ilus, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Tesis: Presentada en Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães para obtención del grado de Doutor.
Resumen: O diagnóstico da doença de Chagas crônica (DCC) baseia-se em metodologias que usam em sua fase sólida antígenos brutos, semipurificados ou recombinantes, podendo resultar em baixa sensibilidade ou reação cruzada. Uma forma para resolver este problema é o uso de quimeras formadas por epítopos conservados e repetitivos de diferentes estruturas parasitárias em uma única molécula. O nosso objetivo foi caracterizar e avaliar o uso de quimeras em imunoensaios para o diagnóstico da DCC. As quimeras, IBMP-8.1, IBMP-8.2, IBMP-8.3 e IBMP-8.4 foram purificadas por meio de cromatografia e sua pureza avaliada por SDS-PAGE. Ensaios de dicroísmo circular (DC) e espalhamento dinâmico da luz (EDL) foram usados para avaliação do raio hidrodinâmico das quimeras, avaliação de sua estabilidade e escolha do sistema tampão que oferecesse o menor estado de agregação molecular. Ensaios sorológicos para detecção de anticorpos anti-Trypanosoma cruzi através de ELISA foram realizados utilizando um painel de 857 amostras positivas para a DCC e 689 negativas. Para avaliação de reação cruzada foram usadas 1079 amostras de diversas doenças endêmicas no país. A purificação foi eficiente uma vez que o SDS-PAGE indicou ausência de degradação das quimeras. As análises de DC e EDL mostraram que as quatro quimeras apresentaram menor tendência de agregação em tampão carbonato pH 9,6, sendo, assim, este o sistema para a sensibilização das placas. Os ensaios sorológicos revelaram valores elevados de sensibilidade (Sen) e especificidade (Esp) para a molécula IBMP-8.4 (Sen-99,3 por cento; Esp-100 por cento). O desempenho para as demais moléculas foi satisfatório, ficando os valores de Sen e Esp acima de 94 por cento. As moléculas IBMP-8.1, IBMP-8.2, IBMP-8.3 e IBMP-8.4 apresentaram respectivamente 0,46 por cento, 0,85 por cento, 0,46 por cento e 0,37 por cento de reação cruzada. Os resultados apontam que as quimeras atingiram os critérios de proficiência do Ministério da Saúde podendo, dessa forma, ser utilizados em ensaios diagnósticos para a DCC.
Responsable: BR305.1 - Biblioteca do CPqAM
BR305.1; (043.2)"2016", S237c


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Id: biblio-829947
Autor: Andrade, Francianne Gomes; Noronha, Elda Pereira; Baseggio, Rosania Maria; Fonseca, Teresa Cristina Cardoso; Freire, Bruno Marcelo Rocha; Magalhaes, Isis M. Quezado; Zalcberg, Ilana R; Pombo-de-Oliveira, Maria S.
Título: Identification of the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene in infants with acute myeloid leukemia and hemophagocytosis
Fuente: Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter;38(4):291-297, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: FAPERJ.
Resumen: ABSTRACT Background: Acute myeloid leukemia presenting the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene is a rare subgroup associated with hemophagocytosis in early infancy and monocytic differentiation. The aim of this study was to define the relevant molecular cytogenetic characteristics of a unique series of early infancy acute myeloid leukemia cases (≤24 months old), based on the presence of hemophagocytosis by blast cells at diagnosis. Methods: A series of 266 infant cases of acute myeloid leukemia was the reference cohort for the present analysis. Acute myeloid leukemia cases with hemophagocytosis by blast cells were reviewed to investigate the presence of the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results: Eleven cases with hemophagocytosis were identified with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis being ruled out. Six cases were classified as myelomonocytic leukemia, three as AML-M7 and two as AML-M2. In five cases, the presence of the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene identified by molecular cytogenetics was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. All patients received treatment according to the Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster acute myeloid leukemia protocols and only one out of the five patients with the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene is still alive. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that the presence of hemophagocytosis in acute myeloid leukemia was not exclusively associated to the MYST3-CREBBP fusion gene. Improvements in molecular cytogenetics may help to elucidate more complex chromosomal rearrangements in infants with acute myeloid leukemia and hemophagocytosis.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-761155
Autor: Pedreira, Mavilde Luz Gonçalves.
Título: Obstrução de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica em neonatos: a prevenção é a melhor intervenção / Obstruction of peripherally inserted central catheters in newborns: prevention is the best intervention
Fuente: Rev. paul. pediatr;33(3):255-257, jul.-set. 2015.
Idioma: pt.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Venezuela
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Id: lil-659116
Autor: Alezones, Jesús; Ávila, Manuel; Chassaigne, Alberto; Barrientos, Venancio.
Título: Caracterización del perfil de ácidos grasos en granos de híbridos de maíz blanco cultivados en Venezuela / Fatty acids profile characterization of white maize hybrids grown in Venezuela
Fuente: Arch. latinoam. nutr;60(4):397-404, dic. 2010. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: En Venezuela el maíz blanco representa el principal cultivo por área de siembra, producción y consumo. Uno de los principales subproductos de este rubro es el aceite de maíz, cuyo efecto positivo sobre la salud, por su alta proporción de ácidos grasos insaturados, ha sido ampliamente reconocido. Con el fin de conocer el perfil de ácidos grasos de doce híbridos de maíz blanco sembrados extensivamente en Venezuela y el efecto que distintas localidades de siembra poseen sobre el mismo, se realizaron tres ensayos a escala semicomercial en tres localidades de los estados Portuguesa, Yaracuy y Guárico. Las proporciones de los principales ácidos grasos del aceite crudo de las muestras de grano de distintos híbridos fueron determinados usando cromatografía de gases. Se encontraron diferencias significativas (p<0,01) entre los híbridos para el contenido de los ácidos grasos: araquídico, palmítico, palmitoléico, esteárico, oleico, gadoléico y linoléico; no se encontró diferencias para el ácido linolénico. Adicionalmente, el efecto de las localidades fue altamente significativo para todos los ácidos grasos mencionados. Al correlacionar el contenido de estos ácidos grasos se encontraron relaciones altas y significativas; las relaciones más estrechas fueron: linoleico-oleico (Rho= -0,98**), araquídico-palmítico (Rho= -0,61**), linoleico-esteárico (Rho= -0,61**) y oleico-esteárico (Rho= 0,58**). Los maíces producidos en Venezuela presentaron menores niveles de ácido linoléico y mayores de ácidos palmítico, esteárico y oleico con respecto los maíces referenciados para climas templados. Estas diferencias implican cambios en las propiedades alimenticias del aceite de maíz proveniente de maíces sembrados en Venezuela y deben tomarse en cuenta en el desarrollo de nuevos cultivares y en el procesamiento industrial con fines de aprovechamiento de aceites.

In Venezuela, white corn is the most important crop regarding production, harvest area and consumption. One of its main by-products is corn oil, whose positive effect on health caused by the high content of unsaturated fatty acids has been widely recognized. In order to characterize the fatty acids profile of twelve white grained maize hybrids extensively grown in Venezuela, and the effect that divergent localities has on this profile, three semi commercial scale trials where established in Portuguesa, Yaracuy and Guárico states. Proportions of the main fatty acids in the raw oil of the different grain samples were determined using gas chromatography. Significant differences (p<0,01) between hybrids were found for arachidic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, gadoleic and linoleic acids; non significant differences were found for linolenic acid. Significant differences between localities were found for all the fatty acids evaluated. High and significant correlations between fatty acids content were found; the most important relations were: linoleic-oleic (Rho= -0,98**), arachidic-palmitic (Rho= -0,61**), linoleic-stearic (Rho= -0,61**) and oleic-stearic (Rho= 0,58**). Corn produced in Venezuela presents lower levels of linoleic and higher levels of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids than the levels found in temperate corn. These differences involve significant changes in the nutritional properties of Venezuelan corn oil that should be considered in the development of new cultivars and industrial processes for oil production.
Responsable: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Texto completo SciELO Costa Rica
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Id: lil-638118
Autor: Gómez-Ponce, M. A.; Granados-Flores, K.; Padilla, C.; López-Hernández, M.; Núñez-Nogueira, G..
Título: Edad y crecimiento del híbrido de tilapia Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) en la represa “Zimapán” Hidalgo, México
Fuente: Rev. biol. trop;59(2):761-770, jun. 2011. ilus, graf, mapas.
Idioma: es.
Resumen: Age and growth of the hybrid tilapia Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) in the dam “Zimapan” Mexico. Studies on age and growth in fishes are essential to establish models on population dynamics. The previos issues were determined in this study by scale growth analyses. Between September 2003 and May 2004, 382 organisms were captured using gill and atarraya nets. Eight samples were developed every month a long this study. Standard length in centimeters (Le), total weight in grams (Pt), scale length in centimeters (Lesc) and growth rings were determined. The size and weight ranged from 38 to 232mm (Le) and 8.7 to 311.9g (Pt), respectively. The growth rings analyses reveal four age groups, being the sec-ond group the most representative with 34.3% of the total sampled. The scale ring analyses showed two growth rings, one develops between November-January and the other between April-May, in good correlation with low temperature and gonad development, respectively. The growth parameters were established as: L∞=281.1mm, W∞=877.1g, K=0.33 and T0=0.88year -1. The growth curves based on length and weight were described by using the von Bertalanffy model: Le =28.11[1-e-0.33(t+0.88)] and Pt =877.17[1-e-0.33(t+0.88)]³. Finally, it is concluded that commercial catches in this dam are between a year and year and half-old when exploited. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (2): 761-770. Epub 2011 June 01.

La edad y crecimiento de la tilapia Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aureus fueron determinados por medio de la lectura de escamas. Un total de 382 individuos fueron capturados mediante el uso de redes agalleras y atarrayas. Ocho recolectas mensuales se llevaron a cabo entre septiembre 2003-mayo 2004; se registraron los datos de longitud estándar en cm. (Le), el peso total en g (Pt) y se obtuvieron muestras de escamas para registrar el largo de la escama en mm. (Lesc) y el número de anillos de crecimiento formados. Las tallas y pesos de recolecta variaron entre 38 a 232mm (Le) y de 8.7 a 311.9g de peso total (Pt) respectivamente. El recuento de los anillos anuales en escamas, permitió establecer cuatro grupos de edad, siendo el grupo de edad 2 el más representativo, con un 34.3% de la población muestreada. El cálculo de los incrementos marginales del crecimiento mensual de las escamas, sugirió la formación de dos anillos, uno de ellos se forma en los meses de noviembre-enero y otro en los meses de abril-mayo, los cuales coinciden con la época de bajas temperaturas y de madurez gonádica respectivamente. Los parámetros de crecimiento quedaron establecidos en: L∞=281.1mm, W∞=877.1g, K=0.33 y T0=0.88/año. Las curvas de crecimiento en longitud y peso se describieron mediante las ecuaciones de von Bertalanffy: Le=28.11 [1- e-0.33(t+0.88)] y Pt=877.17 [1-e-0.33(t+0.88)]³. Finalmente, se concluyó que los peces que se explotan en la represa mediante captura comercial presentan entre un año y año y medio de edad.
Responsable: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: lil-607439
Autor: Nunes, Glauber H. S; Santos Júnior, Haroldo; Grangeiro, Leilson C; Bezerra Neto, Francisco; Dias, Carlos T. S; Dantas, Mara S. M.
Título: Phenotypic stability of hybrids of Gália melon in Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil
Fuente: An. acad. bras. ciênc;83(4):1421-1434, Dec. 2011. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: The objectives of this study were to determine the importance of simple and complex components of the interaction genotype × environment and to evaluate the adaptability and stability of Gália melon hybrids. Nine hybrids were tested in twelve environments of Rio Grande Norte State from 2000 to 2001. The experiments were carried out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The statistical methods of Toler and Burrows, Wricke and AMMI (Additive Main effect and Multiplicative Interaction) were used to study the adaptability and stability. The complex component is responsible for most of the genotype × environment interaction for the yield and content of solids soluble of fruits. The environments associated with Mossoró and Assu municipalities are the most suitable to evaluate melon hybrids in the state. The hybrid DRG 1537 was the most likely to be grown in the Agro-industrial Complex Mossoró-Assu due to its stability, high productivity and high content of soluble solids.

Os objetivos deste estudo foram determinar a importância das componentes simples e complexa da interação genótipo × ambiente e avaliar a adaptabilidade e estabilidade de híbridos de melão Gália. Nove híbridos foram testados em doze ambientes do Estado do Rio Grande Norte no período de 2000 a2001. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em blocos completos casualizados com três repetições. Os métodos estatísticos de Toler e Burrows, Wricke e AMMI (Additive Main effect and Multiplicative Interaction) foram usados para estudar a adaptabilidade e estabilidade. A componente complexa é responsável pela maior parte da interação genótipo × ambiente para a produtividade e teor de sólidos solúveis dos frutos. Os ambientes associados com Mossoró e Assu são os mais adequados para a avaliação de melão híbrido. O híbrido DRG1537 é o mais promissor para o cultivo no Complexo Agro-industrial Mossoró-Assu, devido à sua estabilidade, alta produtividade e alto teor de sólidos solúveis.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Carvalho, Omar dos Santos
Caldeira, Roberta Lima
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Id: lil-606649
Autor: Teodoro, Tatiana Maria; Jannotti-Passos, Liana Konovaloff; Carvalho, Omar dos Santos; Grijalva, Mario J; Baús, Esteban Guilhermo; Caldeira, Roberta Lima.
Título: Hybridism between Biomphalaria cousini and Biomphalaria amazonica and its susceptibility to Schistosoma mansoni
Fuente: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;106(7):851-855, Nov. 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: Molecular techniques can aid in the classification of Biomphalaria species because morphological differentiation between these species is difficult. Previous studies using phylogeny, morphological and molecular taxonomy showed that some populations studied were Biomphalaria cousini instead of Biomphalaria amazonica. Three different molecular profiles were observed that enabled the separation of B. amazonica from B. cousini. The third profile showed an association between the two and suggested the possibility of hybrids between them. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the hybridism between B. cousini and B. amazonica and to verify if the hybrids are susceptible to Schistosoma mansoni. Crosses using the albinism factor as a genetic marker were performed, with pigmented B. cousini and albino B. amazonica snails identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. This procedure was conducted using B. cousini and B. amazonica of the type locality accordingly to Paraense, 1966. In addition, susceptibility studies were performed using snails obtained from the crosses (hybrids) and three S. mansoni strains (LE, SJ, AL). The crosses between B. amazonica and B. cousini confirmed the occurrence of hybrids. Moreover, hybrids can be considered potential hosts of S. mansoni because they are susceptible to LE, SJ and AL strains (4.4 percent, 5.6 percent and 2.2 percent, respectively). These results indicate that there is a risk of introducing schistosomiasis mansoni into new areas.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-553777
Autor: Almeida, L. M; Amaral, M. E. J; Silva, I. T; Silva Junior, W. A; Riggs, P. K; Carareto, C. M.
Título: Report of a chimeric origin of transposable elements in a bovine-coding gene
Fuente: Genet. mol. res. (Online);7(1):107-116, Jan. 2008. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: FAPESP.
Resumen: Despite the wide distribution of transposable elements (TEs) in mammalian genomes, part of their evolutionary significance remains to be discovered. Today there is a substantial amount of evidence showing that TEs are involved in the generation of new exons in different species. In the present study, we searched 22,805 genes and reported the occurrence of TE-cassettes in coding sequences of 542 cow genes using the RepeatMasker program. Despite the significant number (542) of genes with TE insertions in exons only 14 (2.6%) of them were translated into protein, which we characterized as chimeric genes. From these chimeric genes, only the FAST kinase domains 3 (FASTKD3) gene, present on chromosome BTA 20, is a functional gene and showed evidence of the exaptation event. The genome sequence analysis showed that the last exon coding sequence of bovine FASTKD3 is ~85% similar to the ART2A retrotransposon sequence. In addition, comparison among FASTKD3 proteins shows that the last exon is very divergent from those of Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes and Canis familiares. We suggest that the gene structure of bovine FASTKD3 gene could have originated by several ectopic recombinations between TE copies. Additionally, the absence of TE sequences in all other species analyzed suggests that the TE insertion is clade-specific, mainly in the ruminant lineage.
Responsable: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-538172
Autor: Martínez-Ibarra, José Alejandro; Salazar-Schettino, Paz María; Nogueda-Torres, Benjamín; Vences, Mauro Omar; Tapia-González, José María; Espinoza-Gutiérrez, Bertha.
Título: Occurrence of hybrids and laboratory evidence of fertility among three species of the Phyllosoma complex (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Mexico
Fuente: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;104(8):1125-1131, Dec. 2009. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Proyecto: COECyT-JAL; . University of Guadalajara; . PAPIIT IN. DGAPA, UNAM.
Resumen: In seven studied communities of Western Mexico, triatomine specimens were sympatrically collected, some with atypical morphological characteristics in contrast to pure specimens, which were presumed to be hybrids. More than 200 specimens of Meccus pallidipennis and Meccus longipennis with brown-yellow markings on dorsal connexival segments were collected in Ahuacapán and Quitupan. In La Mesa, more than 60 specimens similar to Meccus picturatus in most morphological characteristics (including size) were collected, although they presented a largely yellowish corium like M. pallidipennis. Interfertility was proven between all of the studied wild hybrid specimens, as well as between all the experimental laboratory hybrids. Two different phenotypes (M. picturatus and M. longipennis) were obtained from crosses between M. picturatus x M. picturatus and M. longipennis x M. longipennis from the three studied localities in state of Nayarit as from La Mesita. Results support the hypothesis that the subspecific ranking of those triatomines may, therefore, be more appropriate because reproductive isolation has not been developed and complete interbreeding was recorded.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-527166
Autor: Martins, M. L; Myiazaki, D. M. Y; Tavares-Dias, M; Fenerick Júnior, J; Onaka, E. M; Bozzo, F. R; Fujimoto, R. Y; Moraes, F. R.
Título: Characterization of the acute inflammatory response in the hybrid tambacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus male × Colossoma macropomum female) (Osteichthyes) / Caracterização da resposta inflamatória aguda no híbrido tambacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus macho × Colossoma macropomum fêmea) (Osteichthyes)
Fuente: Braz. j. biol;69(3):957-962, Aug. 2009. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumen: This work evaluated the acute inflammatory response induced by injections of 0.5 mL saline solution (control), 500 µg carrageenin and 0.5 mL thioglycollate 3 percent in the swim bladder of juvenile tambacu hybrid. Fish were distributed in three treatments, three replications and acclimated for a period of 10 days before assay. The cell characterization from the inflammatory exudate was performed in Giemsa and PAS stained smears. Carrageenin, injected in fish, showed an increase on the total number of cells in the inflammatory exudate when compared to saline and thioglycollate injected. Whereas, for carrageenin-injected fish, the percentage of thrombocyte was higher than thioglycollate. On the other hand, granulocyte percentage in thioglycollate-injected fish was higher than the ones injected using carrageenin. Carrageenin provoked the highest migration of macrophage to the inflammatory site. The PAS method confirmed the presence of three types of granulocytes: eosinophilic granular cell (EGC) type 1 with the characteristics of a special granulocytic cell commonly found in the circulating blood; EGC type 2 shorter than the last one and neutrophil. This study contributes to a better understanding of the inflammatory response and infectious processes in native fish.

Este estudo avaliou a resposta inflamatória aguda induzida por injeções de 0,5 mL de solução salina (controle), 500 µg de carragenina e 0,5 mL de tioglicolato a 3 por cento na bexiga natatória de juvenis do híbrido tambacu. Os peixes foram distribuídos em três tratamentos, três repetições e aclimatados durante 10 dias antes do ensaio. A caracterização das células do exsudato inflamatório foi feita após coloração com Giemsa e PAS. Peixes injetados com carragenina apresentaram maior número de células no exsudato inflamatório do que com salina e tioglicolato. A porcentagem de trombócitos no exsudato foi maior nos injetados com carragenina quando comparada com a dos injetados com tioglicolato. Por outro lado, o percentual de granulócitos foi maior em animais injetados com tioglicolato do que em animais injetados com carragenina. A carragenina provocou maior migração de macrófagos para o foco inflamatório. O método de PAS confirmou a presença de três tipos de granulócitos: célula granular eosinofílica (CGE) tipo 1 com as características da célula granulocítica especial encontrada no sangue, CGE tipo 2, menor do que esta última, e de neutrófilos. Este estudo contribui para o melhor entendimento da resposta inflamatória e dos processos infecciosos em peixes nativos.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME



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