Database : LILACS
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Id: lil-639368
Author: Malafaia, Guilherme.
Title: Aspectos éticos da avaliação científica nas áreas médicas e biomédicas / Ethical aspects of scientific evaluation in medical and biomedical areas
Source: Arq. bras. ciênc. saúde;37(1):6-7, jan.-abr. 2012.
Language: pt.
Descriptors: Periodicals as Topic
Peer Review, Research
Biomedical Research
Scientific Publication Ethics
-Plagiarism
Publication Type: Editorial
Responsable: BR1342.1 - Biblioteca da Escola de Enfermagem BENF


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Id: biblio-1352417
Author: Pereira, Enrique.
Title: En el momento oportuno y el lugar adecuado / At the right time and in the right place
Source: Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol;85(Supl):S1-S1, 2020.
Language: es.
Descriptors: Publishing
Periodical
Publication Type: Editorial
Responsable: AR337.1 - Biblioteca A.A.O.T.


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Id: biblio-985624
Author: Zelada Pérez, Malena de los Milagros; Valcárcel Izquierdo, Norberto.
Title: Formación de Competencias Informacionales en los profesores de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana / Competence training in information technology for teachers of the University of Medical Sciences of Havana
Source: Rev. habanera cienc. méd;17(5):778-788, set.-oct. 2018.
Language: es.
Abstract: Introducción: Los desafíos científico tecnológicos caracterizan el siglo XXI, requieren los profesores conocer y desarrollar las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones, para gestionar los conocimientos y la superación académica, al desarrollar Competencias Informacionales. Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura publicada sobre competencias informacionales ideas centrales, instituciones, autores y grupos de trabajo más representativos. Material y Métodos: Se realizó revisión bibliográfica de 55 artículos, 21 sobre identificación de Competencias Informacionales. La investigación se enmarcó en un contexto teórico de las Ciencias Biomédicas, desde 2002, hasta 2018. Se localizaron y consultaron a través de la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud fuentes bibliográficas validadas. El análisis documental permitió investigar el problema, para desarrollar el proceso docente en la sociedad actual. Resultados: Los autores consultados coinciden en las características de los desafíos científicos tecnológicos. Concuerdan con la situación de los desafíos tecnológicos del sector Salud, en Cuba, sobre el Programa de Alfabetización Informacional, iniciado en 2006. Las propuestas internacionales sobre Competencias Informacionales son una actualización de la versión original publicada en 2008. Se analizan reflexiones de autores y grupos a nivel Internacional. Conclusiones: Se identificaron autores quienes coinciden en los desafíos científicos y tecnológicos que caracterizan este Siglo XXI y enfocan sus trabajos hacia la era de la informatización(AU)

Introduction: The scientific technological challenges characterize the 21st century require knowledge of the use of Information and Communication Technologies in the management of knowledge and academic improvement of professors, who need to develop Information Competencies. Objective: Identify central ideas, institutions, authors and more representative working groups within the published literature on information competencies. Material and methods: A literature review of 55 articles was carried out, 21 on the identification of IC in the teachers. The research was framed in a theoretical context within the field of Biomedical Sciences, from 2002, until 2018. They were located and consulted validated bibliographic sources, through the Virtual Health Library. The documentary analysis allowed to investigate the problem, to develop a teaching process according to the current society. Results: The authors consulted agree on the characteristics of the scientific-technological challenges of the 21st century. They agree on the situation of technological challenges in Cuba and in the Health sector, on the Information Literacy Program, which began in 2006. The international proposals on Information Competencies are an update of the original version published in 2008. Reflections are analyzed of authors and groups at the International level. Conclusions: Authors were identified who agree on the scientific and technological challenges that characterize this 21st century and focus their work towards the era of computerization(AU)
Descriptors: Computer Literacy
Faculty
-Bibliographies as Topic
Health Sciences
Limits: Humans
Male
Female
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1014168
Author: Lazo Amador, Yaíma; Borroto Valido, Maigrett; Batista González, Nurys Mercedes.
Title: Relación entre el Síndrome de clase II división 2 y la disfunción temporomandibular. Artículo de revisión / Relation between the Syndrome type II division 2 malocclusions and the temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Review article
Source: Rev. habanera cienc. méd;18(2):270-280, mar.-abr. 2019.
Language: es.
Abstract: Introducción: Los pacientes con el Síndrome de clase II división 2, además de presentar clínicamente una relación de molares y caninos en disto-oclusión, muestran una retroinclinación de los incisivos centrales superiores con proinclinación de los laterales y sobremordida profunda, lo cual puede llegar a convertirse en un factor de riesgo que provoca disfunción temporomandibular. Objetivo: Identificar la relación entre el Síndrome de clase II división 2 y la disfunción temporomandibular. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica automatizada en las bases de datos de los sistemas MEDLINE, PubMed, Hinari y Google; se utilizó un total de 17 artículos. Desarrollo: Por las características clínicas de la oclusión en los pacientes con este síndrome, el rango de movimiento mandibular está limitado, y produce un efecto traumático que se relaciona con una posición de los cóndilos desplazados hacia atrás e intruidos en la fosa glenoidea. Este desplazamiento más distal produce la presión del espacio retrodiscal ricamente inervado y sería causa de inflamación de los tejidos circundantes y afectación de la función de la articulación por elongación de los ligamentos discales o adelgazamiento del disco que afecta el complejo cóndilo-disco. Conclusiones: Los estudios consultados muestran la relación entre el Síndrome de clase II división 2 y la disfunción temporomandibular, dada las características clínicas presentes en este síndrome, que afectan el funcionamiento de la articulación temporomandibular y que al sobrepasar las capacidades adaptativas del paciente producen la disfunción en la misma(AU)

Introduction: Patients with Syndrome type II division 2 malocclusions, besides presenting a clinically established relationship between molars and canines in a distal occlusion, show a retro-inclination of the upper front teeth with pro-inclination of the lateral incisors and a deep overbite, which can result in a risk factor of temporomandibular dysfunction. Objective: To identify the relationship between Syndrome type II division 2 malocclusions and the temporomandibular dysfunction. Material and Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out through a search of databases such as MEDLINE, PubMed, Hinari, and Scholar Google. A total of 17 articles were used. Development: Because of the clinical characteristics of the occlusion in the patients with this syndrome, the range of jaw movement is limited, producing a traumatic effect that is related with a position of the condyles displaced backward and with glenoid fossa intrusion. This more distal displacement produces the pressure of the richly innervated retrodiscal tissue, which could be the cause of inflammation of the surrounding tissues and the affectation of the joint function due to an elongation of the discal ligaments or a thinning of the disc affecting the disc-condyle complex. Conclusions: The studies conducted demonstrate the relationship between the Syndrome type II division 2 and the temporomandibular joint dysfunction, given the clinical characteristics that are present in this syndrome, which affect the functioning of the temporomandibular joint, and produce its dysfunction when exceeding the adaptive capacities of the patient(AU)
Descriptors: Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/complications
Malocclusion, Angle Class II/complications
-Bibliographies as Topic
Overbite/etiology
Malocclusion/classification
Limits: Humans
Male
Female
Publication Type: Review
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1144696
Author: Aragón-Ayala, Carlos Jesús; Quispe-Juli, Cender Udai.
Title: Método de búsqueda para detectar si una investigación presentada como tesis fue publicada en una revista científica / Search method to find out if a research thesis was published in a scientific journal
Source: Rev. habanera cienc. méd;19(5):e3137, sept.-oct. 2020. tab.
Language: es.
Abstract: RESUMEN Introducción: La validez de los métodos utilizados para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas es incierta. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia y eficiencia de diferentes métodos (incluida nuestra propuesta) para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas indizadas. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo. Se identificaron cinco métodos ("A", "B", "C", "D", "E") utilizados para localizar tesis publicadas; además, elaboramos una propuesta (método "F"). Se pusieron a prueba los seis métodos y sus estrategias con cinco tesis ya publicadas. Se evaluó su eficacia mediante una relación (tesis publicadas localizadas/ total de tesis), su eficiencia (tesis localizadas/ [número de pruebas] x [total de tesis]) y posición relativa en la búsqueda (orden en que se localizó la tesis / total resultados de la búsqueda). Resultados: Los métodos con la mejor eficacia y eficiencia fueron: "F" (1 y 0,5) y "D" (1 y 0,5), seguidos del método "B" (0,8 y 0,2). Los métodos con menor eficacia y eficiencia fueron los métodos: "A" (0,6 y 0,15), "C" (0,6 y 0,12) y "E" (0,2 y 0,01). Además, la posición relativa para cada estrategia del método "F" fue menor a las estrategias del método "D". Conclusiones: La mayoría de métodos de búsqueda fueron poco eficaces y eficientes, siendo nuestra propuesta uno de los métodos más adecuados para localizar tesis publicadas en revistas científicas(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: The validity of the methods used to locate theses published in scientific journals is uncertain. Objective: To compare the effectiveness and efficiency of different methods (including our proposal) to locate theses published in indexed scientific journals. Material and Methods: A descriptive observational study was made. Five methods ("A", "B", "C", "D", "E") used to locate published theses were identified and our proposal was developed (method "F"). The six methods and their strategies were tested using five theses that have already been published. Effectiveness was evaluated through the analysis of the relationship between (published theses / total of theses), efficiency (published theses / [number of tests] x [total of theses]) and relative position of the search (order in which the thesis was located / total results from the search). Results: The most effective and efficient methods were: "F" (1 and 0.5) and "D" (1 and 0.5), followed by the "B" method (0.8 and 0.2). The methods with the lowest effectiveness and efficiency were: methods "A" (0.6 and 0.15), "C" (0.6 and 0.12) and "E" (0.2 and 0.01). In addition, the relative position for each strategy of the "F" method was lower than the strategies of the "D" method. Conclusions: The majority of search methods were less frequent and less efficient, being our proposal one of the most specific methods to locate theses published in scientific journals(AU)
Descriptors: Bibliometrics
Periodical
Academic Dissertations as Topic
Education, Medical
Search Engine
-Epidemiology, Descriptive
Observational Study
Limits: Humans
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1353596
Author: São Paulo (Estado) Secretaria da Saúde.
Title: Série perfil de competência na atenção básica: nota técnica 01/21: capacidades transversais dos profissionais na atenção básica / Competency profile series in primary care: technical note 01/21: transversal skills of professionals in primary care.
Source: São Paulo; SES/SP; 2021. 12 p.
Language: pt.
Descriptors: Primary Health Care
Serial Publications
Societies
Responsable: BR91.2 - Centro de Documentação
BR91.2


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Id: biblio-903802
Author: Vera-Monge, Víctor; García-Yu, Irene; de-la-Cruz-Oré, Jorge; Atamari-Anahui, Noé; Ortún-Rubio, Vicente.
Title: Producción científica latinoamericana en economía de la salud, 2005-2014 / Latin American scientific production in health economics, 2005-2014
Source: Salud pública Méx;59(5):505-506, Sep.-Oct. 2017. tab.
Language: es.
Descriptors: Publishing/statistics & numerical data
Bibliometrics
Health Expenditures
-Time Factors
Latin America
Publication Type: Letter
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-784895
Author: Reyes B, Humberto.
Title: El encanto de editar una revista médica y los recuerdos nostálgicos al alejarme / The fascination of editing a medical journal and the nostalgic memories when departing
Source: Rev. méd. Chile;144(3):281-284, mar. 2016. ilus.
Language: es.
Abstract: As of March 2016, Humberto Reyes, MD, FACP, steps down as Editor-in-Chief of Revista Médica de Chile. He joined its editorial team in 1971, as a part-time Assistant Editor. A few years later he became Associate Editor and since 1996, Editor-in-Chief. During his tenure the journal improved the peer review system and implemented a web platform to handle the editorial process, while following the recommendations established by acknowledged organizations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Journal Editors (WAME) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Since 2010 he represented Revista Médica de Chile as an ICMJE Member. After an open contest, the Sociedad Médica de Santiago, founder and owner of Revista Médica de Chile since 1872, elected Fernando Florenzano MD as the new Editor-in-Chief. Dr. Reyes leaves this long lasting job with the satisfaction of having conducted an institution considered among mainstream medical journals in spite of being mostly published in Spanish. Revista Médica de Chile receives a high proportion of the research articles that have been generated in the country, subsequently handled by an enthusiastic and solid editorial team whose responsibilities go far beyond selecting the material to be published since they are medical educators striving to help authors to improve their papers before having them published. Conducting this journal has been a fascinating task for this Editor as well as an unforgettable experience.
Descriptors: Periodicals as Topic/history
Publishing/history
Medicine
-Chile
Editorial Policies
Limits: History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Publication Type: Historical Article
Responsable: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1139184
Author: Monzón Pérez, Maicel E; Oviedo Herrera, Lazara C; Sánchez-Ferrán, Tania; Valdés-Balbín, Ray; Camayd Viera, Ivette; Calero Ricardo, Jorge L.
Title: Plagio en artículos de investigación en revistas biomédicas cubanas. 2016 / Plagiarism in Cuban biomedical research articles. 2016
Source: Rev. habanera cienc. méd;19(4):e3526tab.
Language: es.
Abstract: RESUMEN Introducción: El plagio junto a la fabricación y falsificación de resultados constituyen las formas más graves de mala conducta científica. Sin embargo, la escasez de estudios concretos sobre esta mala práctica, motivó realizar la presente investigación. Objetivo: Caracterizar los artículos que incurren en plagio publicado en revistas biomédicas cubanas indizadas en SciELO, durante 2016. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, con una muestra probabilística de 50 artículos originales, obtenida por muestreo aleatorio simple de 786 investigaciones publicadas en 32 revistas biomédicas cubanas indizadas en SciELO. Se realizó un análisis textual a través de Google Scholar, para identificar textos idénticos. Luego se cotejaron los artículos con similitudes, y se seleccionó como original el de fecha de publicación más antigua. Para el análisis se utilizó el Software RStudio 1.0.136. No se revelan títulos de artículos, autores, instituciones ni revistas en que se publicaron. Resultados: Más de la mitad de los artículos (52 por ciento) cumplía el criterio de plagio. Los hallazgos se encontraron en todas las secciones del artículo, fundamentalmente en introducción (52 por ciento), discusión (18 por ciento) y material y métodos (10 por ciento). El patrón de plagio más frecuente fue "en mosaico" (sustitución, adición, sustracción), seguido por "plagio directo" (copia exacta de bloques de texto). Conclusiones: La frecuencia de plagio en los artículos revisados es alta, con predominio hacia las estructuras teóricas del artículo (introducción y discusión), y fundamentalmente a partir del uso de sinónimos, cambios de verbos, adición y/o sustracción de texto, correspondiente al plagio en mosaico(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Plagiarism and the fabrication and falsification of results constitute the most serious forms of scientific misconduct. However, there is a lack of solid studies on this malpractice which motivated us to carry out this research work. Objective: To characterize the articles engaged in plagiarism published in Cuban biomedical journals indexed in SciELO in 2016. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a probabilistic sample of 50 original articles obtained by simple random sampling of 786 research studies published in 32 Cuban biomedical journals indexed in SciELO. A textual analysis was performed using Google Scholar to identify identical texts. After that, similar articles were compared and the oldest data of publication was taken into account to determine the original article. R Studio Software 1.0.136 was used for the analysis. The titles of the articles, authors, institutions and journals were not shown. Results: More than half of the articles (52 percent) met the criteria of plagiarism. Similarities were found in all sections of the article, mainly in the introduction (52 percent), discussion (18 percent) and material and methods (10 percent). The most frequent pattern of plagiarism was in "mosaic" (substitution, addiction, subtraction), followed by "direct plagiarism" (exact copy of sections of text). Conclusions: The frequency of plagiarism in the articles reviewed is high, predominating in the theoretical structures of the article (introduction and discussion), where synonyms, changes in verbs, addition or omission of parts of the text were identified, corresponding to plagiarism in "mosaic".
Descriptors: Plagiarism
-Epidemiology, Descriptive
Cross-Sectional Studies
Journal Article
Cuba
Biomedical Research
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1345767
Author: Garcia, Leila Posenato; Boing, Antonio Fernando.
Title: Desafios para a sustentabilidade dos periódicos científicos brasileiros e do Programa SciELO / Challenges for the sustainability of Brazilian scientific journals and the SciELO Program
Source: Ciênc. Saúde Colet;26(supl.3):5183-5186, Oct. 2021. graf.
Language: pt.
Abstract: Resumo As revistas científicas têm papel fundamental para o desenvolvimento da ciência. Contudo, no Brasil, existem grandes desafios para sua sustentabilidade, assim como do Programa SciELO. O artigo relata um cenário preocupante de baixo financiamento público e ausência de planejamento estratégico com financiamento de longo prazo para a publicação científica, na contramão do desenvolvimento das revistas brasileiras e do Programa SciELO. Tal cenário impõe grande pressão às revistas, com relatos de situações de encerramento de atividades, ou implementação de cobrança de taxas aos autores, ao mesmo tempo que traz insegurança financeira ao Programa SciELO. São informadas as ações tomadas por sociedades científicas Brasileiras e a posição do Fórum de Editores das Revistas da Saúde Coletiva, alinhada à do Comitê Consultivo da Coleção SciELO Brasil, de que a publicação de periódicos científicos editados no Brasil é estratégica e, portanto, deve ser incentivada por meio de políticas públicas e apoiada com recursos públicos provenientes das instituições mantenedoras e dos editais das agências de fomento.

Abstract Scientific journals play a fundamental role in the development of science. However, in Brazil, there are major challenges for their sustainability, as well as for the sustainability of the SciELO Program. The article reports a worrying scenario of low public funding and lack of strategic planning for long-term funding for scientific publication, contrary to the development of Brazilian journals and the SciELO Program. This scenario places great pressure on journals, with reports of situations of closure of activities, or implementation of fees charged to authors, while bringing financial insecurity to the SciELO Program. The actions taken by Brazilian scientific societies and the position of the Forum of Editors of Public Health Journals are aligned with that of the Advisory Committee of the SciELO Brazil Collection, namely that the publication of scientific journals edited in Brazil is strategic and, therefore, should be fostered through public policies and supported with public financing from the sponsoring institutions and grants from the research funding institutions.
Descriptors: Periodicals as Topic
-Public Policy
Brazil
Public Health
Limits: Humans
Male
Female
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME



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