Database : LILACS
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Cruz, Enêde Andrade da
Soares, Enedina
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Id: lil-402564
Author: Cruz, Enêde Andrade da; Soares, Enedina.
Title: Conhecimento produzido em Central de Material e Esterilização: um estudo retrospectivo / Knowledge produced in the materials and sterilization center: a retrospective study
Source: Rev. baiana enferm;17(3):95-107, set.-dez. 2002. tab.
Language: pt.
Abstract: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, de fonte secundária, objetivando o levantamento e análise da produção científica em Central de Material e Esterilização, nos últimos dez anos, a partir da criação da Sociedade Brasileira de Enfermeiros de Centro Cirúrgico em setembro de 1991, quando foram reunidos 153 trabalhos...
Descriptors: Operating Room Nursing
Nursing Research
Sterilization
Materials Management, Hospital
-Publications
Retrospective Studies
Limits: Humans
Responsable: BR21.1 - Biblioteca J Baeta Vianna- Campus Saúde UFMG


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SciELO Brazil full text
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Id: biblio-995680
Author: Vasconcelos, Ruben Horn; Teixeira, Régis Siqueira de Castro; Silva, Isaac Neto Goes da; Lopes, Elisângela de Souza; Maciel, William Cardoso.
Title: Feral pigeons (Columba livia) as potential reservoirs of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli / Pombos de vida livre (Columba livia) e seu potencial como reservatórios de Salmonella sp. e Escherichia coli
Source: Arq. Inst. Biol;85:e0412017, 2018.
Language: en.
Abstract: This study aimed to review the scientific literature for information about free-living pigeons (Columba livia) as potential reservoirs of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli. Rock doves are currently adapted to the urban environment and distributed all over the world. These birds carry microorganisms that are pathogenic for man and other animals, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Among these microorganisms, Salmonella is a pathogenic genus that cause severe economic losses and it is zoonotic, causing foodborne infections in humans. In addition, Escherichia coli is an worrisome species involved in the poultry industry. However, this micro-organism is also a risk to the public health, considering pathotypes that are known to cause diseases in man have been isolated from feral pigeons. The infections caused by these bacteria depend on virulence factors that provide the necessary tools to develop the disease. These factors are encoded by genes that may be found in pathogenicity islands inside the bacterial genome. In addition, pigeons may harbor antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, which may pass this characteristic to other strains, and present a risk to the public health as well. In conclusion, pigeons are reservoirs of strains of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli that may present high levels of resistance to antibiotics.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar na literatura científica informações sobre os pombos de vida livre (Columba livia) e seu potencial como reservatórios de Salmonella sp. e Escherichia coli. Os pombos, atualmente adaptados ao meio urbano, encontram-se distribuídos por todo o mundo e carreiam micro-organismos patogênicos ao homem e a outros animais, podendo ser um dos responsáveis pela disseminação de bactérias, fungos, vírus e parasitas. Entre esses micro-organismos, a Salmonella é um patógeno que gera grande preocupação para a economia e para a saúde pública mundial, uma vez que cria transtornos para a indústria avícola quando ocorrem a contaminação dos plantéis e, consequentemente, o risco para a saúde humana por conta de surtos de toxi-infecções alimentares causados por essa bactéria. Outra bactéria preocupante para a indústria avícola e para a saúde pública é a Escherichia coli, uma vez que alguns patotipos patogênicos para o homem já foram isolados de pombos de vida livre. O desenvolvimento de infecções por essas bactérias depende de fatores que são codificados por genes de virulência que podem ser encontrados nas ilhas de patogenicidade de cepas patogênicas. Os pombos podem também albergar cepas com carga genética resistente a antibióticos, passíveis de serem transmitidas a outras bactérias e, portanto, de trazer riscos para a saúde pública. Dessa forma, com base nessas informações, conclui-se que os pombos são reservatórios de cepas de Salmonella sp. e Escherichia coli, que podem apresentar elevado potencial de virulência, com altos níveis de resistência antimicrobiana.(AU)
Descriptors: Columbidae/parasitology
Salmonella/virology
Review Literature as Topic
Escherichia coli/virology
-Drug Resistance, Microbial
Public Health
Responsable: BR1942.1 - NID - Biblioteca - Núcleo de Informação e Documentação


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SciELO Cuba full text
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Id: biblio-991320
Author: Martínez Abreu, Judit.
Title: Contribución de la Revista Médica Electrónica a los 50 años de la Docencia Médica Superior en la provincia de Matanzas / Contribution of Revista Médica Electrónica to the 50 years of High Medical Teaching in Matanzas province
Source: Rev. medica electron;41(1):1-3, ene.-feb. 2019.
Language: es.
Descriptors: Periodicals as Topic
Teaching
-Anniversaries and Special Events
Publication Type: Editorial
Responsable: CU424.1 - Centro Provincial de Información de Ciencias Médicas


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SciELO Cuba full text
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Id: biblio-985574
Author: Herrera Juárez, Gabriela; Valenzuela Mancilla, Luz Estela; Leal Arellano, Marco Antonio; Sánchez Sánchez, Anabel Socorro.
Title: Ayudas ópticas y no ópticas en la baja visión / Visual and not visual aid in low vision
Source: Rev. cuba. oftalmol;31(3):1-7, jul.-set. 2018. tab.
Language: es.
Abstract: Este estudio se propone conocer la ayuda visual mejor aceptada por pacientes de visión baja, para lo cual se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el fin de contribuir al ejercicio optométrico. Se revisaron un total de 28 artículos del año 2007 a la fecha actual. En las diferentes patologías en estudio se encontró que la ayuda visual mejor aceptada para la visión cercana fueron las lupas, y para la visión lejana eran más usados los telescopios(AU)

The aim of this study is to determine which is the most frequent visual aid use in low vision. Twenty-eight articles were consulted in a period from 2007 until now. It was observed that for near vision the hans spectacles were the best aid and for far vision telescope were more used(AU)
Descriptors: Vision, Low/etiology
Telescopes/utilization
Education of Visually Disabled/methods
Helping Behavior
-Review Literature as Topic
Scientific and Technical Publications
Limits: Humans
Publication Type: Review
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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SciELO Cuba full text
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Id: biblio-985571
Author: Guerra Almaguer, Michel; Cárdenas Díaz, Taimi; Pérez Suárez, Raúl Gabriel; Cruz Izquierdo, Dunia; Machado Fernández, Enrique; Garza Chavarría, Javier Alan.
Title: Crosslinking en la cirugía refractiva / Crosslinking in refractive surgery
Source: Rev. cuba. oftalmol;31(3):1-7, jul.-set. 2018.
Language: es.
Abstract: La cirugía refractiva con la utilización del láser de excimero se ha convertido a nivel mundial en una cirugía muy demandada, por la posibilidad de mejorar no solamente la visión del paciente, sino también su calidad de vida. Estos procedimientos refractivos y los grandes avances tecnológicos de la cirugía refractiva hacen posible la búsqueda de técnicas para fortalecer la córnea y mejorar la estabilidad refractiva. El uso del crosslinking en la cirugía refractiva ha demostrado que podría modificar estos aspectos, y a su vez disminuir la regresión de las ametropías tratadas. Se realizó una búsqueda de diversos artículos publicados en los últimos diez años, con el objetivo de conocer los resultados de la aplicación del crosslinking en la cirugía refractiva corneal. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud(AU)

Excimer laser refractive surgery has become a very much demanded surgical alternative worldwide, due to the possibility of improving not only the patient's vision, but also their quality of life. These refractive procedures as well as the great technological advances in refractive surgery allow the search for techniques to strengthen the cornea and improve refractive stability. The use of crosslinking in refractive surgery has shown that it is possible to modify these aspects and at the same time reduce the regression of the ametropias treated. A search was conducted for papers published in the past ten years, to become acquainted with the results of the application of crosslinking in corneal refractive surgery. Use was made of the platform Infomed, specifically the Virtual Health Library(AU)
Descriptors: Review Literature as Topic
Libraries, Digital/utilization
Refractive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use
Limits: Humans
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-985570
Author: Cuan Aguilar, Yoriel; Montero Díaz, Eric; Álvarez Martínez, Judith; Pérez Candelaria, Eneida; Cárdenas Díaz, Taimi; Hormigó Puertas, Iraisi F.
Title: Los sistemas de imágenes de alta tecnología en la cirugía de catarata / High-technology imaging systems in cataract surgery
Source: Rev. cuba. oftalmol;31(3):1-12, jul.-set. 2018. ilus.
Language: es.
Abstract: La cirugía de catarata actual se ha convertido en una cirugía refractiva, pues se busca además la corrección del defecto refractivo tanto esférico como cilíndrico en el mismo proceder y, por tanto, la emetropía sin corrección óptica en todas las distancias. Para esto debemos tener una verdadera lectura del astigmatismo corneal total y una identificación correcta del meridiano a tratar. Hoy en día existen dispositivos de avanzada tecnología capaces de brindar estos y otros datos preoperatorios e intraoperatorios de gran confiabilidad. Algunos de estos sistemas como Verion, Callisto Eye y el TrueGuide, utilizan la topografía corneal con registro del limbo y, luego de capturar una imagen preoperatoria, la recuerdan durante la cirugía para generar el meridiano objetivo en un monitor o a través del microscopio quirúrgico, y de esta manera ayudar en la alineación precisa de la lente intraocular tórica. Incluso pueden ofrecer imágenes tridimensionales en vivo. Otros, por su parte, utilizan la aberrometría de frente de onda intraoperatoria para ayudar al cirujano a elegir el poder de la lente intraocular tórica y luego alinearla, como los sistemas ORA y Holos IntraOp. Estos instrumentos proporcionan retroalimentación refractiva continua en tiempo real para la corrección astigmática en el mismo acto quirúrgico. Sin dudas, estos sistemas son parte de una revolución tecnológica dentro del campo de la cirugía del cristalino actual que posibilitan una mayor precisión y predicción de los resultados refractivos y constituyen elementos imprescindibles si queremos conseguir una cirugía de catarata de excelencia. Se realiza esta revisión con el objetivo de obtener información acerca de los sistemas de imágenes de alta tecnología que se usan hoy día en la cirugía del cristalino y mostrar sus potencialidades para obtener resultados refractivos posoperatorios más exactos(AU)

Current cataract surgery has become refractive surgery, for it is also aimed at correcting both spherical and cylindrical refractive defects in the same procedure, thus achieving emmetropia without optical correction at all distances. For this we must have a true reading of the total corneal astigmatism and a correct identification of the meridian to be treated. Today there are advanced technological devices capable of providing these and other preoperative and intraoperative data with great reliability. Some of these systems, such as Verion, Callisto Eye and TrueGuide, use corneal topography with limbus registration and after capturing a preoperative image, they remember it during surgery to generate the target meridian on a monitor or through the surgical microscope, thus helping achieve precise alignment of the toric intraocular lens. They can even offer live three-dimensional images. Others, such as the ORA and Holos IntraOp systems, use intraoperative wavefront aberrometry to help the surgeon choose the power of the toric intraocular lens and then align it. These instruments provide continuous refractive feedback in real time for astigmatic correction in the same surgical act. Undoubtedly, these systems are part of a technological revolution within the field of current crystalline lens surgery that enable greater precision and prediction of refractive results and are essential elements if we want to achieve cataract surgery of excellence. This review was conducted to obtain information about high-technology imaging systems currently used in crystalline lens surgery, and show their potential to achieve more accurate postoperative refractive results(AU)
Descriptors: Cataract Extraction/methods
Technological Development/methods
Corneal Topography/methods
Imaging, Three-Dimensional/utilization
-Review Literature as Topic
Limits: Humans
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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SciELO Cuba full text
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Id: biblio-985561
Author: Hernández Sánchez, Yaima; Estrada Amador, Bárbara; Agramonte Centelles, Ileana; Herrera Porro, José Antonio.
Title: Elevación de la ceja y abordaje mínimamente invasivo mediante la blefaroplastia / Eyebrow lift by blepharoplasty with a minimally invasive approach
Source: Rev. cuba. oftalmol;31(2):1-9, abr.-jun. 2018.
Language: es.
Abstract: Las cejas y el párpado superior están íntimamente relacionados, por lo que se recomienda realizar un plan quirúrgico basado en la evaluación de las cejas y del área periorbitaria para lograr los resultados deseados de una apariencia descansada y natural. Para el levantamiento de las cejas se han realizado diferentes técnicas. Cada técnica tiene sus ventajas, desventajas e indicaciones. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos que ofrece Infomed, como Ebsco, Hinari, Pubmed, Google académico y textos básicos de Oftalmología y Cirugía Estética. La elevación de la ceja mediante la blefaroplastia produce beneficios, tales como un abordaje menos invasivo, cicatrices posteriores menos evidentes, un plano de disección más fácil que disminuye el sangrado transquirúrgico, la disminución del tiempo de cirugía y por consiguiente menores complicaciones posoperatorias. Además, permite que los resultados sean duraderos, al igual que los obtenidos en la cirugía de elevación de las cejas mediante técnicas endoscópicas, con una marcada disminución en los costos al no utilizar el endoscopio. La presente revisión se realizó con el objetivo de ampliar los conocimientos sobre el envejecimiento del tercio superior facial, así como el empleo de la blefaroplastia ampliada como una alternativa quirúrgica de rejuvenecimiento periocular(AU)

The eyebrows and upper eyelids are closely related structures. It is therefore recommended to develop a surgical plan based on evaluation of the eyebrows and the periorbital area in order to achieve the desired result of a rested, natural appearance. Different techniques have been used for eyebrow lifting. Each technique has advantages, disadvantages and indications. A bibliographic search was conducted in the databases offered by Infomed, such as Ebsco, Hinari, Pubmed, Google Scholar, as well as ophthalmology and aesthetic surgery basic textbooks. Eyebrow lift by transblepharoplasty has benefits such as a less invasive approach, less visible scars after surgery, an easier dissection plane reducing intraoperative bleeding, reduced surgery time and therefore fewer postoperative complications. On the other hand, results are as lasting as those obtained by eyebrow lift surgery by endoscopic techniques, but costs are markedly lower due to the non-use of an endoscope. The present review was conducted with the purpose of broadening our knowledge about aging of the facial upper third, as well as about the use of extended blepharoplasty as a surgical alternative for periocular rejuvenation(AU)
Descriptors: Blepharoptosis/surgery
Blepharoplasty/methods
-Rejuvenation
Review Literature as Topic
Databases, Bibliographic/utilization
Limits: Humans
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-985560
Author: Osorio Illas, Lisis; Ambou Frutos, Isabel; Vilches Lescaille, Daysi de la C; Domínguez Mora, Alexei; Castro, Ariacna.
Title: Factores de riesgo, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la endoftalmitis endógena / Risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of endogenous endophthalmitis
Source: Rev. cuba. oftalmol;31(2):1-7, abr.-jun. 2018.
Language: es.
Abstract: La endoftalmitis endógena bacteriana es una enfermedad ocular de difícil manejo y tratamiento. Es grave, con importante compromiso de la función visual y de la integridad anatómica del globo ocular en la mayoría de los pacientes, por lo que es crucial la intervención temprana de un equipo multidisciplinario para erradicar el foco primario conocido o no, así como para tratar de preservar la función visual. Se realizó una búsqueda de diversos artículos publicados en los últimos doce años, utilizando la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud, con el objetivo de conocer los principales factores de riesgo, el diagnóstico y los tratamientos actualizados de la enfermedad(AU)

Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis is an eye disease of difficult management and treatment. It is a serious condition with considerable compromise of the visual function and the anatomical integrity of the eye globe in most patients. Therefore, early intervention by a multidisciplinary team is crucial to eradicate the known or unknown primary focus and try to preserve visual function. A search was conducted in various papers published in the past twelve years, mainly on the Infomed platform, particularly the Virtual Health Library, with the purpose of learning about the main risk factors, diagnosis and updated treatments for the disease(AU)
Descriptors: Endophthalmitis/diagnosis
Endophthalmitis/therapy
Risk Factors
-Review Literature as Topic
Databases, Bibliographic/utilization
Libraries, Digital/utilization
Limits: Humans
Responsable: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-966059
Author: Zaher-Rutherford, Vera Lucia; Fischer, Frida Marina; Dias, Elizabeth Costa; Uva, Antonio de Sousa; Alfredo, Camila Helaehil; Silva-Junior, João Silvestre.
Title: Prof. Dr. René Mendes: idealizador, mentor, propulsor da Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho, em seus 15 anos de existência / Prof. Dr. René Mendes: creator, mentor and driving force behind Brazilian Journal of Occupational Medicine along its first 15 years of existence
Source: Rev. bras. med. trab;16(3):261-262, out.2018.
Language: en; pt.
Descriptors: Periodicals as Topic
Occupational Health Physicians/trends
Occupational Medicine/trends
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-965042
Author: Ríos-Moreno, Jenifer Vanessa; Bueno-Flórez, Silvia Juliana; Conde-Hurtado, Diana Isabel; Tarazona, Nick; Sossa-Melo, Claudia Lucía.
Title: Estudio bibliométrico: 45 años de literatura biomédica en trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas / A Bibliometric Study: 45 Years of Biomedical Literature in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / Estudo bibliométrico: 45 anos de literatura biomédica em transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas
Source: MedUNAB;20(3):319-326, 2018.
Language: es.
Abstract: Introducción: La bibliometría mide variables de la literatura científica que se describen de forma cuantitativa por medio de análisis estadístico; con esta herramienta se busca evidenciar el impacto de los trasplantes de células madre hematopoyéticas en la literatura de los últimos 45 años. Objetivo: Descripción de la literatura médica indexada en MEDLINE desde 1970 hasta 2015 sobre trasplantes de células madre hematopoyéticas. Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos MEDLINE a través de GoPubMed y Fabumed. La estrategia de búsqueda fue: "Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation" [Majr] AND "1970:2015"[dp]. Las variables analizadas fueron el número de publicaciones por año, revistas, países y porcentaje de publicaciones sobre trasplantes de células madre hematopoyéticas. Resultados: Se recuperaron 23,295 referencias sobre trasplantes de células madre hematopoyéticas. Se identificaron 1,844 revistas diferentes, el mayor número de publicaciones se encontró en Bone Marrow Transplantation con 2,443 publicaciones, seguida de Blood con 1,375 y Biology of Bone Marrow Transplantation con 1,319 referencias. Estados Unidos fue el país con mayor número de publicaciones con 7,491 (32.15%); en Latinoamérica fueron publicados 324 (1.39%). Los descriptores de la literatura más investigados relacionados con el tema fueron: Trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas con 23,345 publicaciones, humanos con 22,019 y células madre con 17,564. Conclusiones: Las publicaciones sobre trasplantes de células madre hematopoyéticas han incrementado de forma progresiva durante los 45 años estudiados. Los países desarrollados son los que han realizado mayor investigación del tema, en contraste con el número de publicaciones en total. [Ríos-Moreno JV, Bueno-Flórez SJ, Conde-Hurtado DI, Tarazona N, Sossa-Melo Claudia Lucía. Estudio bibliométrico: 45 años de literatura biomédica en trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. MedUNAB 2017-2018; 20(3): 319-326].

Introduction: Bibliometric measures variables from the scientific literature that are described quantitatively by means of statistical analysis; this tool seeks to demonstrate the impact of hematopoietic stem cell transplants in the literature throughout the last 45 years. Objective: To describe the indexed medical literature in MEDLINE from 1970 to 2015 on hematopoietic stem cell transplants. Methodology: A search of the MEDLINE database through GoPubMed and Fabumed was performed. The search strategy was: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation [Majr] and 1970:2015 [dp]. The variables analyzed were the number of publications per year, journals, countries and percentage of publications on hematopoietic stem cell transplants. Results: 23,295 references were recovered on hematopoietic stem cell transplants. 1,844 different journals were identified, the largest number of publications was found in Bone Marrow Transplantation with 2,443 publications, followed by Blood with 1,375 and Biology of Bone Marrow Transplantation with 1,319 references. The United States was the country with the highest number of publications with 7,491 (32.15%), in Latin America 324 (1.39%) were published. The most researched descriptors of literature related to the topic were: Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells with 23,345 publications, humans with 22,019 and stem cells with 17,564. Conclusions: The publications on hematopoietic stem cell transplants have increased progressively during the 45 years studied. The developed countries are the ones that have done more research on the subject, in contrast to the number of publications in total. [Ríos-Moreno JV, Bueno-Flórez SJ, Conde-Hurtado DI, Tarazona N, Sossa-Melo Claudia Lucía. A Bibliometric Study: 45 Years of Biomedical Literature in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. MedUNAB 2017-2018; 20(3): 319-326].

Introdução: A bibliometria mede variáveis da literatura científica que são descritas quantitativamente por meio de análise estatística; esta ferramenta procura demonstrar o impacto dos transplantes de células estaminais hematopoiéticas na literatura dos últimos 45 anos. Objetivo: Descrição da literatura médica indexada em MEDLINE de 1970 a 2015 em transplantes de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. Metodologia: uma pesquisa do banco de dados MEDLINE foi realizada através do GoPubMed e Fabumed. Aestratégia de busca foi: "Transplante de células estaminais hematopoiéticas" [Majr] AND "1970: 2015" [dp]. As variáveis analisadas foram o número de publicações por ano, periódicos, países e porcentagem de publicações sobre transplantes de células estaminais hematopoiéticas. Resultados: Foram recuperadas 23,295 referências, em transplantes de células estaminais hematopoiéticas. Identificamos 1,844 periódicos diferentes; o maior número de publicações foi encontrado no Transplante de medula óssea com 2,443 publicações, seguido de sangue com 1,375 e Biologia do transplante de medula óssea com 1,319 referências. Os Estados Unidos foi o país com maior número de publicações com 7,491 (32.15%); na América Latina, foram publicados 324 (1.39%). Os textos mais pesquisados da literatura relacionados com o tema foram: Transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas com 23,345 publicações, humanos com 22,019 e células-tronco com 17,564. Conclusões: As publicações sobre transplantes de células estaminais hematopoiéticas aumentaram progressivamente durante os 45 anos estudados. Os países desenvolvidos são os que fizeram mais pesquisas sobre o assunto, em contraste com o número de publicações no total. [Ríos-Moreno JV, Bueno-Flórez SJ, Conde-Hurtado DI, Tarazona N, Sossa-Melo Claudia Lucía. Estudo bibliométrico: 45 anos de literatura biomédica em transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. MedUNAB 2017-2018; 20(3): 319-326].
Descriptors: Stem Cells
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
-Bibliometrics
Cells
MEDLINE
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Review
Cell Transplantation
Hematology
Responsable: CO179.1 - Biblioteca



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