Database : LILACS
Search on : B01.650.940.800.575.912.063.700 [DeCS Category]
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Id: biblio-964119
Author: Barbosa, Daniel Elias Ferreira; Basílio, Geicilaine Alves; Silva, Fernando Rodrigues da; Menini Neto, Luiz.
Title: Vascular epiphytes in a remnant of seasonal semideciduous forest in zona da mata, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil / Epífitas vasculares em um remanescente de floresta estacional semidecidual na zona da mata, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Source: Biosci. j. (Online);31(2):623-633, mar./abr. 2015.
Language: en.
Abstract: This study was performed in a remnant of Seasonal Semideciduous Forest at Fazenda Fortaleza de Sant'Anna, in the municipality of Chácara, Minas Gerais, Brazil (22.0129S, 43.8628W), in an area of ca. 1 ha, via monthly expeditions throughout the year 2012. We found 91 species of vascular epiphytes, distributed in 44 genera and 12 families. The richest families were Orchidaceae (35 spp.), Bromeliaceae (18 spp.), Polypodiaceae (10 spp.), Piperaceae (nine spp.) and Araceae (seven spp.). Two species were recorded for the first time in Minas Gerais: Rodriguezia sticta and Stelis oligantha (Orchidaceae). Rhipsalis oblonga (Cactaceae) was recollected in the state after about 100 years without records. Four species are cited in the list of endangered plants in Minas Gerais: Nematanthus crassifolius (Gesneriaceae) and Cattleya bicolor (Orchidaceae) are in the category "Vulnerable" (VU), Nidularium azureum (Bromeliaceae) and Pleurothallis pectinata (Orchidaceae) are "Critically Endangered" (CR). Nidularium azureum is also cited as CR in the Red Book of Brazilian Flora. Most species were classified as characteristic holoepiphytes and anemochory was the most frequent dispersion syndrome.

O estudo foi realizado em um remanescente de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, na Fazenda Fortaleza de Sant'Anna, município de Chácara, Minas Gerais, Brasil (22,0129S, 43,8628W), em uma área aproximada de 1 ha, através de expedições mensais durante o ano de 2012. Foram encontradas 91 espécies de epífitas vasculares, distribuídas em 44 gêneros e 12 famílias. As famílias mais ricas foram Orchidaceae (35 spp.), Bromeliaceae (18 spp.), Polypodiaceae (10 spp.), Piperaceae (nove spp.) e Araceae (sete spp.). Duas espécies foram registradas pela primeira vez para Minas Gerais: Rodriguezia sticta e Stelis oligantha (Orchidaceae). Rhipsalis oblonga (Cactaceae) foi recoletada no estado depois de cerca de 100 anos sem registros. Quatro espécies estão presentes na lista de plantas ameaçadas de extinção em Minas Gerais: Nematanthus crassifolius (Gesneriaceae) e Cattleya bicolor (Orchidaceae) na categoria "Vulnerável" (VU), Nidularium azureum (Bromeliaceae) e Pleurothallis pectinata (Orchidaceae) como "Criticamente em Perigo" (CR). Nidularium azureum também é citado como CR no Livro Vermelho da Flora do Brasil. A maioria das espécies foi classificada como holoepífita característica e a síndrome de dispersão mais frequente foi a anemocoria.
Responsable: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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SciELO Costa Rica full text
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Id: lil-674081
Author: Dalgallo Rocha, Ledyane; Droste, Annette; Gehlen, Günther; Schmitt, Jairo Lizandro.
Title: Leaf dimorphism of Microgramma squamulosa (Polypodiaceae): a qualitative and quantitative analysis focusing on adaptations to epiphytism
Source: Rev. biol. trop;61(1):291-299, Mar. 2013. ilus.
Language: en.
Abstract: The epiphytic fern Microgramma squamulosa occurs in the Neotropics and shows dimorphic sterile and fertile leaves. The present study aimed to describe and compare qualitatively and quantitatively macroscopic and microscopic structural characteristics of the dimorphic leaves of M. squamulosa, to point more precisely those characteristics which may contribute to epiphytic adaptations. In June 2009, six isolated host trees covered by M. squamulosa were selected close to the edge of a semi-deciduous seasonal forest fragment in the municipality of Novo Hamburgo, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Macroscopic and microscopic analyzes were performed from 192 samples for each leaf type, and permanent and semi-permanent slides were prepared. Sections were observed under light microscopy using image capture software to produce illustrations and scales, as well as to perform quantitative analyses. Fertile and sterile leaves had no qualitative structural differences, being hypostomatous and presenting uniseriate epidermis, homogeneous chlorenchyma, amphicribal vascular bundle, and hypodermis. The presence of hypodermal tissue and the occurrence of stomata at the abaxial face are typical characteristics of xeromorphic leaves. Sterile leaves showed significantly larger areas (14.80cm²), higher sclerophylly index (0.13g/cm²) and higher stomatal density (27.75stomata/mm²) than fertile leaves. The higher sclerophylly index and the higher stomatal density observed in sterile leaves are features that make these leaves more xeromorphic, enhancing their efficiency to deal with limited water availability in the epiphytic environment, compared to fertile leaves.

El helecho epífito Microgramma squamulosa se encuentra en el Neotrópico y tiene hojas estériles y fértiles dimorfas. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir y comparar cuantitativa y cualitativamente la organización estructural de las hojas de la M. squamulosa, investigando las características morfológicas y anatómicas, y señalando los factores que contribuyen a la adaptación al ambiente epífito. Los análisis macroscópicos y microscópicos se realizaron a partir de 192 muestras de hojas de cada tipo. Láminas permanentes y semi-permanentes fueron preparadas y las secciones fueron observadas en el microscopio de luz. Hojas fértiles y estériles no mostraron diferencias estructurales cualitativas, son hipostomáticas, presentan epidermis uniseriada, haz vascular anficrival e hipodermis. La presencia de hipodermis y aparatos estomáticos en la nsuperficie abaxial de la epidermis son típicas de hojas xeromórficas. Hojas estériles presentaran áreas significativamente mayores, tasa más alta de esclerofilia y mayor densidad de estomas que hojas fértiles. La mayor tasa de esclerofilia y mayor densidad de estomas son características que hacen las hojas estériles más xeromórficas, aumentando su eficiencia para hacer frente a la disponibilidad de agua limitada en el ambiente epífito, en comparación con las hojas fértiles.
Responsable: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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SciELO Brazil full text
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Id: lil-604481
Author: Silva, MD e; Andrade-Silva, ACR; Silva, M.
Title: Long-term male aggregations of Euglossa melanotricha moure (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on fern fronds Serpocaulon triseriale (Pteridophyta: Polypodiaceae)
Source: Neotrop. entomol;40(5):548-552, Sept.-Oct. 2011. ilus, graf.
Language: en.
Abstract: A communal dormitory of male orchid bees, Euglossa melanotricha Moure, was monitored over a one-year period, when they passed the night in the fronds of a Serpocaulon triseriale (Polypodiaceae) fern. The bees used the same fronds continuously, moving to neighboring fronds as senescence set in. As many as 49 males were observed together on any one night, clinging to the midribs on the abaxial surface of up to five fern blades with their mandibles. A number of males returned to the same site to pass the night continuously over a number of months, and were observed making physical contact with one another without provoking agonistic behavior. Males of E. melanotricha appeared to prefer sleeping at sites close to nests and potential sources of odoriferous essences, such as orchids (Orchidaceae).
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-492297
Author: Kersten, Rodrigo de Andrade; Silva, Sandro Menezes.
Title: The floristic compositions of vascular epiphytes of a seasonally inundated forest on the coastal plain of Ilha do Mel Island, Brazil
Source: Rev. biol. trop;54(3):935-942, sept. 2006. tab.
Language: en.
Abstract: A 3,000 m2 area of seasonally inundated forest on the island of Ilha do Mel (25 degrees 30[quot ] S 48 degrees 23[quot ] W) in Paraná, Brazil, was sampled by collecting plants from all strata, using climbing equipment when necessary. The area harbors 103 species of epiphytes, in 49 genera and 20 families, of which 28 species are pteridophytes and 75 magnoliophytes (64 Liliopsida, 11 Magnoliopsida). The most common families are Orchidaceae, Bromeliaceae, Polypodiaceae and Araceae, and frequent genera are Vriesea, Epidendrum, Maxillaria, Pleurothallis and Prosthechea. Eight families were represented by one species each. Most species were classified as obligatory holoepiphytes (62 %), followed by the relatively more rare preferential holoepiphytes (13 %), facultative epiphytes (11 %), hemiepiphytes (9 %) and accidental epiphytes (6 %).

Se muestreó plantas de todos los estratos en una área de 3 000 m2 de selva estacionalmente inundada en Ilha do Mel (25º30 “S 48º23' W), Paraná, Brazil. El área tiene 103 especies de epífitas en 49 géneros y 20 familias, de las cuales 28 especies son pteridófitas y 75 magnoliófitas (64 Liliopsida, 11 Magnoliopsida). Las familias más comunes son Orchidaceae, Bromeliaceae, Polypodiaceae y Araceae, y los géneros más frecuentes Vriesea, Epidendrum, Maxillaria, Encyclia y Pleurothallis. Ocho familias solamente están representadas por una especie cada una. La mayoría de las especies son loepífitas obligadas (62 %), seguidas de las relativamente escasas holoepífitas preferenciales (13 %), epífitas facultativas (11 %), hemiepífitas (9 %) y epífitas accidentales (6 %).
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME


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SciELO Costa Rica full text
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Id: lil-365925
Author: Reyes Jaramillo, Irma; Pérez-García, Blanca; Mendoza Ruiz, Aniceto.
Title: Morfogénesis de los gametofitos de especies mexicanas de Pleopeltis (Polypodiaceae, subfamilia Pleopeltoideae) / Gametophyte morphogenesis of Mexican species of Pleopeltis (Polypodiaceae, subfamily Pleopeltoideae)
Source: Rev. biol. trop;51(2):321-332, jun. 2003. ilus, tab.
Language: es.
Abstract: The development and morphology of the gametophytes of seven species of ferns from genus Pleopeltis are described and compared. The spore germination is Vittaria-type in P. astrolepis, P. crassinervata, P. macrocarpa, P. polylepis and P. revoluta. For P. angusta and P. mexicana it was proposed a new germination pattern is Pleopeltis-type. The prothallial development is Drynaria-type in P. astrolepis, P. crassinervata, P. macrocarpa, P. polylepis and P. revoluta and Ceratopteris-type for P. angusta and P. mexicana. The gametangia are typical of the leptosporangiate ferns, sporophytes after six and a half months in culture did not appeared.
Responsable: BR1.1 - BIREME



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