Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : A10.082.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 68 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 7 ir para página                  

  1 / 68 LILACS  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-828186
Autor: Ellepola, Arjuna N. B; Samaranayake, L. P; Khan, Z. U.
Título: Extracellular phospholipase production of oral Candida albicans isolates from smokers, diabetics, asthmatics, denture wearers and healthy individuals following brief exposure to polyene, echinocandin and azole antimycotics
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(4):911-916, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Kuwait University Research Grant.
Resumo: Abstract Objective Candida albicans is the primary causative agent of oral candidosis, and one of its key virulent attributes is considered to be its ability to produce extracellular phospholipases that facilitate cellular invasion. Oral candidosis can be treated with polyenes, and azoles, and the more recently introduced echinocandins. However, once administered, the intraoral concentration of these drugs tend to be sub-therapeutic and rather transient due to factors such as the diluent effect of saliva and cleansing effect of the oral musculature. Hence, intra-orally, the pathogenic yeasts may undergo a brief exposure to antifungal drugs. We, therefore, evaluated the phospholipase production of oral C. albicans isolates following brief exposure to sub-therapeutic concentrations of the foregoing antifungals. Materials and methods Fifty C. albicans oral isolates obtained from smokers, diabetics, asthmatics using steroid inhalers, partial denture wearers and healthy individuals were exposed to sub-therapeutic concentrations of nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin, ketoconazole and fluconazole for one hour. Thereafter the drugs were removed and the phospholipase production was determined by a plate assay using an egg yolk-agar medium. Results The phospholipase production of these isolates was significantly suppressed with a percentage reduction of 10.65, 12.14, 11.45 and 6.40% following exposure to nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin and ketoconazole, respectively. This suppression was not significant following exposure to fluconazole. Conclusions Despite the sub-therapeutic, intra oral, bioavailability of polyenes, echinocandins and ketoconazole, they are likely to produce a persistent antifungal effect by suppressing phospholipase production, which is a key virulent attribute of this common pathogenic yeast.
Descritores: Fosfolipases/biossíntese
Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos
Candida albicans/metabolismo
Candidíase Bucal/microbiologia
Candidíase Bucal/tratamento farmacológico
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
-Polienos/uso terapêutico
Polienos/farmacologia
Azóis/uso terapêutico
Azóis/farmacologia
Candida albicans/isolamento & purificação
Candida albicans/patogenicidade
Fumar
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Dentaduras
Fatores de Virulência
Diabetes Mellitus
Ativação Enzimática
Espaço Extracelular
Equinocandinas/farmacologia
Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-788974
Autor: Gururaj, P; Ramalingam, Subramanian; Devi, Ganesan Nandhini; Gautam, Pennathur.
Título: Process optimization for production and purification of a thermostable, organic solvent tolerant lipase from Acinetobacter sp. AU07
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):647-657, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to isolate, purify and optimize the production conditions of an organic solvent tolerant and thermostable lipase from Acinetobacter sp. AU07 isolated from distillery waste. The lipase production was optimized by response surface methodology, and a maximum production of 14.5 U/mL was observed at 30 ºC and pH 7, using a 0.5% (v/v) inoculum, 2% (v/v) castor oil (inducer), and agitation 150 rpm. The optimized conditions from the shake flask experiments were validated in a 3 L lab scale bioreactor, and the lipase production increased to 48 U/mL. The enzyme was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and ion exchange chromatography and the overall yield was 36%. SDS-PAGE indicated a molecular weight of 45 kDa for the purified protein, and Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight analysis of the purified lipase showed sequence similarity with GDSL family of lipases. The optimum temperature and pH for activity of the enzyme was found to be 50 ºC and 8.0, respectively. The lipase was completely inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride but minimal inhibition was observed when incubated with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and dithiothreitol. The enzyme was stable in the presence of non-polar hydrophobic solvents. Detergents like SDS inhibited enzyme activity; however, there was minimal loss of enzyme activity when incubated with hydrogen peroxide, Tween 80 and Triton X-100. The kinetic constants (Km and Vmax) revealed that the hydrolytic activity of the lipase was specific to moderate chain fatty acid esters. The Vmax, Km and Vmax/Km ratio of the enzyme were 16.98 U/mg, 0.51 mM, and 33.29, respectively when 4-nitrophenyl palmitate was used as a substrate.
Descritores: Compostos Orgânicos
Solventes
Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese
Acinetobacter/enzimologia
Lipase/isolamento & purificação
Lipase/biossíntese
-Compostos Orgânicos/química
Solventes/química
Especificidade por Substrato
Temperatura
Proteínas de Bactérias/química
Estabilidade Enzimática
Cinética
Cromatografia por Troca Iônica
Ativação Enzimática
Espaço Extracelular/enzimologia
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Íons
Lipase/química
Lipólise
Metais
Peso Molecular
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-888984
Autor: Wanandi, SI; Yustisia, I; Neolaka, GMG; Jusman, SWA.
Título: Impact of extracellular alkalinization on the survival of human CD24-/CD44+ breast cancer stem cells associated with cellular metabolic shifts
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;50(8):e6538, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Cancer stem cells reside in a distinct region within the tumor microenvironment that it is believed to play a fundamental role in regulating stemness, proliferation, survival, and metabolism of cancer cells. This study aimed to analyze the effect of extracellular alkalinization on metabolism and survival of human CD24-/CD44+ breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). BCSCs were cultured in alkalinized DMEM-F12 and incubated at 37°C, 5% CO2, and 20% O2 for 30 min, 6, 24, and 48 h. After each incubation period, we analyzed the modulation of various mRNA expressions related to pH and cellular metabolic regulation using the qRT-PCR. Metabolic state was measured using colorimetric and fluorometric assays. To examine cell proliferation and apoptosis, we used trypan blue and annexin V/propidium iodide assay, respectively. This study demonstrated that alkalinization could stimulate extracellular carbonic anhydrase (CAe) activity, as well as CA9 and HIF1α expression. Under alkaline pH and HIF1α regulation, glucose consumption, extracellular lactate production, and LDH activity of BCSCs were upregulated while O2 consumption was downregulated. These metabolic shifts seemed to promote apoptosis and suppress the proliferation of BCSCs. To conclude, modulation of the extracellular environment through alkalinization could change the metabolic states of BCSCs, which in turn affect the cell survival.
Descritores: Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo
Antígeno CD24/metabolismo
Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo
Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo
-Apoptose
Proliferação de Células
Sobrevivência Celular
Espaço Extracelular
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-870942
Autor: Silva, Thaís Larissa Araujo de Oliveira.
Título: Estudo da rota de externalização da dissulfeto isomerase protéica (PDIA1) em células endoteliais / Study of protein disulfide isomerase (PDIA1) externalization route in endothelial cells.
Fonte: São Paulo; s.n; 2015. [109] p. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Tese: Apresentada a Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina para obtenção do grau de Doutor.
Resumo: Dissulfeto isomerase protéica (PDIA1 ou PDI) é uma chaperona e ditiol-dissulfeto oxido-redutase residente do reticulo endoplasmático (RE). PDI é essencial à regulação da proteostase por ter função no enovelamento oxidativo de proteínas e na via de degradação associada ao RE (ERAD). Além disso, PDI interage fisicamente e regula a atividade de NADPH oxidases, e fora da célula é um regulador redox essencial à atividade de proteínas extracelulares. Este pool epi/pericelular da PDI (pecPDI) regula função de proteínas de membrana/secretadas, como integrinas, glicoproteínas gp120 do virus HIV e outras, com múltiplas funções que incluem: trombose, ativação plaquetária, adesão celular, infecção viral e remodelamento vascular. A rota de externalização da PDI permanece obscura, e seu conhecimento pode indicar mecanismos dos efeitos (fisio)patológicos da PDI. A secreção da PDI pela rota RE-Golgi foi sugerida em células endoteliais infectadas pelo vírus da dengue, células pancreáticas e tireoideanas. No entanto, uma varredura sistemática das possíveis rotas de externalização da PDI não foi previamente realizada. Neste estudo, mostramos que células endoteliais (EC) externalizam constitutivamente, por rotas distintas, dois pools de PDI, de superfície celular e solúvel, enquanto na EC não estimulada PDI não foi detectada significativamente em micropartículas. PDI externalizada corresponde a ca.1,4% do pool total de PDI celular. Tanto a PDI de superfície celular como a solúvel foram majoritariamente secretadas pela via de secreção não-convencional do tipo IV independente de GRASP. Contudo, a via de secreção clássica também contribui para externalização basal da PDI de superfície celular, mas não da solúvel basal ou estimulada por PMA, ATP e trombina indicando que todas envolvem escape do Golgi. Além disso, a externalização constitutiva da PDI de superfície em célula muscular lisa vascular também ocorre por via independente de Golgi. Externalização...

Protein disulfide isomerase (PDIA1 or PDI) is dithiol-disulfide oxireductase chaperone resident in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). PDI is essential for proteostasis, due to its support of oxidative protein folding and ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). In addition, PDI associates with NADPH oxidase(s) and regulate its activity, while outside of the cell, PDI redox-dependently modulates extracellular proteins. This epi/pericellular PDI (pecPDI) pool is known to regulate membrane/secreted proteins such as integrins, HIV glycoprotein gp120 and others, with functions that involve thrombosis, platelet function, cell adhesion, viral infection and vascular remodeling. PDI externalization route remains enigmatic and its elucidation can help understand some (patho)physiological PDI effects. An ER-Golgi route for PDI secretion has been as described on dengue virus-infected endothelial cells pancreatic and thyroid) cells. However, none of these papers addressed PDI secretion routes in a systematic fashion. Here, we show that endothelial cells (EC) constitutively externalize, through different routes, two PDI pools, a cell-surface and a secreted one, while in nonstimulated ECs PDI was not significantly detected in microparticles. Externalized PDI corresponds to < 2% of total cellular PDI pool. Both cell-surface and soluble PDI were predominantly externalized through unconventional type IV GRASP-independent pathway(s). However, the classical secretory pathway also contributes to basal cell-surface, but not soluble, PDI externalization, as PMA, ATP or thrombin-stimulated secretion also involve Golgi bypass. Furthermore, constitutive cell-surface PDI externalization in vascular smooth muscle cells also occurs in a Golgi-independent way. PDI externalization was not detectably mediated by non-conventional type I, II and III secretion routes, secretory lysosomes, recycling endosomes and ATP dependent active transport in EC. Since chaperones are essential for cellular...
Descritores: Biologia Celular
Retículo Endoplasmático
Células Endoteliais
Espaço Extracelular
Músculo Liso Vascular
Isomerases de Dissulfetos de Proteínas
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Coelhos
Ratos
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação
BR66.1


  5 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-741451
Autor: Tinano, Mariana Maciel; Martins, Milene Aparecida Torres Saar; Bendo, Cristiane Baccin; Mazzieiro, Ênio.
Título: Base of the skull morphology and Class III malocclusion in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate
Fonte: Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.);20(1):79-84, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the morphological differences in the base of the skull of individuals with cleft lip and palate and Class III malocclusion in comparison to control groups with Class I and Class III malocclusion. METHODS: A total of 89 individuals (males and females) aged between 5 and 27 years old (Class I, n = 32; Class III, n = 29; and Class III individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate, n = 28) attending PUC-MG Dental Center and Cleft Lip/Palate Care Center of Baleia Hospital and PUC-MG (CENTRARE) were selected. Linear and angular measurements of the base of the skull, maxilla and mandible were performed and assessed by a single calibrated examiner by means of cephalometric radiographs. Statistical analysis involved ANCOVA and Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: No significant differences with regard to the base of the skull were found between the control group (Class I) and individuals with cleft lip and palate (P > 0.017). The cleft lip/palate group differed from the Class III group only with regard to CI.Sp.Ba (P = 0.015). Individuals with cleft lip and palate had a significantly shorter maxillary length (Co-A) in comparison to the control group (P < 0.001). No significant differences were found in the mandible (Co-Gn) of the control group and individuals with cleft lip and palate (P = 1.000). CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest that there are no significant differences in the base of the skull of individuals Class I or Class III and individuals with cleft lip and palate and Class III malocclusion. .

OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar diferenças morfológicas da base do crânio de indivíduos portadores de fissura de lábio e palato e de má oclusão de Classe III, comparado-os com indivíduos controle com má oclusão de Classes I ou III. MÉTODOS: oitenta e nove indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, com idade variando entre 5 e 27 anos, Classe I (n = 32), Classe III não fissurados (n = 29) e Classe III com fissura labiopalatina unilateral (n = 28), oriundos do Centro de Odontologia e Pesquisa da PUC-MG e do Centro de Atendimento de Fissurados do Hospital da Baleia e da PUC-MG (CENTRARE), foram selecionados. Medições lineares e angulares da base do crânio, maxila e mandíbula foram realizadas e avaliadas por um único examinador calibrado, por meio de radiografias cefalométricas. Foram utilizados os testes ANCOVA e correção de Bonferroni para a análise estatística dos dados. RESULTADOS: com relação à base do crânio, os resultados não indicaram diferença estatística entre indivíduos controle (Classe I) e os indivíduos com fissuras (p > 0,017). O grupo com fissura foi diferente do grupo Classe III somente em relação à medida CI.Sp.Ba (p = 0,015). O comprimento maxilar (Co-A) apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa na comparação entre o grupo controle (Classe I) e o grupo com fissuras (p < 0,001), sendo que os fissurados apresentaram uma maxila menor. Não foram encontradas diferenças na mandíbula (Co-Gn) entre indivíduos do grupo controle (Classe I) e indivíduos fissurados (p = 1,000). CONCLUSÃO: os resultados sugerem que não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na base do crânio entre indivíduos Classe I e III e indivíduos com fissuras de lábio e palato com má oclusão de Classe III. .
Descritores: Cardiomegalia/metabolismo
Cardiomegalia/patologia
Coração Fetal/metabolismo
Coração Fetal/patologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna
Hipernutrição/metabolismo
Hipernutrição/patologia
-Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Calcineurina/metabolismo
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Espaço Extracelular
Fáscia/patologia
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Miofibrilas/patologia
Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo
Peptídeos Natriuréticos/genética
Peptídeos Natriuréticos/metabolismo
Fosforilação
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Carneiro Doméstico
Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  6 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: lil-719925
Autor: Tanaka, Leonardo Yuji.
Título: Dissulfeto isomerase proteica como via integrativa entre estresse oxidativo e resposta a proteínas mal-enoveladas na reparação à lesão vascular / Protein disulfide isomerase as an integrative way between oxidative stress and unfolded protein response during vascular repair to injury.
Fonte: São Paulo; s.n; 2013. [105] p. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Tese: Apresentada a Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina para obtenção do grau de Doutor.
Resumo: O remodelamento vascular é um determinante fundamental do lúmen em doenças vasculares, porém os mecanismos envolvidos não estão completamente elucidados. Nós investigamos o papel da chaperona redox residente do retículo endoplasmático Dissulfeto Isomerase Proteica (PDI) e sua fração localizada na superfície celular (peri/epicelular=pecPDI) no calibre e arquitetura vascular durante reparação à lesão. Em artérias ilíacas de coelho submetidas à lesão in vivo, houve importante aumento do mRNA e expressão proteica (~25x aumento 14 dias pós-lesão vs. controle) da PDI. O silenciamento da PDI por siRNA (cultura de órgãos) acentuou o estresse do retículo e apoptose, diferentemente da inibição da pecPDI com anticorpo neutralizante (PDI Ab). Bloqueio in vivo da pecPDI por aplicação de gel perivascular contendo PDI Ab no 12° dia após lesão, com análise após 48 h, promoveu ca.25% redução no calibre vascular analisado por arteriografia e diminuição similar na área total do vaso detectada por tomografia de coerência óptica. Neste processo, não ocorreu alteração no tamanho da neoíntima, indicando assim, que PDI Ab acentuou remodelamento constrictivo. Neutralização da pecPDI promoveu importantes alterações na arquitetura da matriz de colágeno e citoesqueleto, resultando em fibras com orientação invertida e desorganizadas. Diminuição na produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio e óxidos de nitrogênio também ocorreu. Análise de propriedades viscoelásticas nas artérias indicou redução na ductilidade vascular, evidenciada pela menor distância para ruptura. As alterações subcelulares no citoesqueleto observadas in vivo após PDI Ab foram recapituladas em um modelo de estiramento cíclico em células musculares lisas vasculares, com importante redução na formação das fibras de estresse. Em modelo de migração randômica de células musculares lisas, a exposição a PDI Ab reduziu a resiliência de regulação da polaridade. Embora a neutralização da pecPDI não tenha afetado a atividade...

Whole-vessel remodeling is a critical lumen caliber determinant in vascular disease, but underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We investigated the role of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone Protein Disulfide Isomerase(PDI) and cell-surface PDI(peri/epicellular=pecPDI) pool in vascular caliber and architecture during vascular repair after injury(AI). After rabbit iliac artery balloon injury, there was marked increase in PDI mRNA and protein (25-fold vs. basal at day 14AI), with increase in both intracellular and pecPDI. Silencing PDI by siRNA (organ culture) induced ER stress augmentation and apoptosis, contrarily to pecPDI neutralization with PDI-antibody(PDI Ab). PecPDI neutralization in vivo with PDIAb-containing perivascular gel from days 12-14AI promoted ca.25% decrease in vascular caliber at arteriography and similar decreases in total vessel circumference at optical coherence tomography, without changing neointima, indicating increased constrictive remodeling. PecPDI neutralization promoted marked changes in collagen and cytoskeleton architecture, with inverted fiber orientation and disorganization. Decreased ROS and nitrogen oxide production also occurred. Viscoelastic artery properties assessment showed decreased ductility, evidenced by decreased distance to rupture. Subcellular cytoskeletal disruption by PDI Ab was recapitulated in vascular smooth muscle cell stretch model, with marked decrease in stress fiber buildup. Also, PDI Ab incubation promoted decreased regulation resilience of vascular smooth muscle migration properties. While pecPDI neutralization did not affect global RhoA activity, there was altered RhoA redistribution to the cell surface and association with caveolin-containing clusters, which mislocalized after stretch. In human coronary atheromas, PDI expression inversely correlated with constrictive remodeling. Thus, strongly-expressed PDI after injury reshapes matrix and cytoskeleton architecture to support an...
Descritores: Angioplastia com Balão
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático
Espaço Extracelular
Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
Músculo Liso Vascular
Neointima
Estresse Oxidativo
Isomerases de Dissulfetos de Proteínas
Lesões do Sistema Vascular
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Masculino
Coelhos
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação
BR66.1


  7 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-718190
Autor: Törnudd, Mattias; Hahn, Robert G.; Zdolsek, Joachim H..
Título: Fluid distribution kinetics during cardiopulmonary bypass
Fonte: Clinics;69(8):535-541, 8/2014. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Östergötland County Council.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the isovolumetric distribution kinetics of crystalloid fluid during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Ten patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting participated in this prospective observational study. The blood hemoglobin and the serum albumin and sodium concentrations were measured repeatedly during the distribution of priming solution (Ringer's acetate 1470 ml and mannitol 15% 200 ml) and initial cardioplegia. The rate of crystalloid fluid distribution was calculated based on 3-min Hb changes. The preoperative blood volume was extrapolated from the marked hemodilution occurring during the onset of cardiopulmonary bypass. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01115166. RESULTS: The distribution half-time of Ringer's acetate averaged 8 minutes, corresponding to a transcapillary escape rate of 0.38 ml/kg/min. The intravascular albumin mass increased by 5.4% according to mass balance calculations. The preoperative blood volume, as extrapolated from the drop in hemoglobin concentration by 32% (mean) at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass, was 0.6-1.2 L less than that estimated by anthropometric methods (p<0.02). The mass balance of sodium indicated a translocation from the intracellular to the extracellular fluid space in 8 of the 10 patients, with a median volume of 236 ml. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution half-time of Ringer's solution during isovolumetric cardiopulmonary bypass was 8 minutes, which is the same as for crystalloid fluid infusions in healthy subjects. The intravascular albumin mass increased. Most patients were hypovolemic prior to the start of anesthesia. Intracellular edema did not occur. .
Descritores: Volume Sanguíneo/fisiologia
Ponte Cardiopulmonar
Soluções Isotônicas/farmacocinética
-Volume Sanguíneo/efeitos dos fármacos
Edema Encefálico/etiologia
Ponte de Artéria Coronária
Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo
Deslocamentos de Líquidos Corporais/efeitos dos fármacos
Deslocamentos de Líquidos Corporais/fisiologia
Hemoglobinas/análise
Manitol/farmacologia
Estudos Prospectivos
Albumina Sérica/análise
Sódio/sangue
Sódio/urina
Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/fisiologia
Limites: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: lil-648116
Autor: Malik, Anjum.
Título: Aplicaciones clínicas del método de impedancia bioeléctrica / Clinical Applications of bioelectrical impedance method
Fonte: ReNut;4(12):624-628, abr.-jun. 2010. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Composição Corporal
Água Corporal
Impedância Elétrica
Espaço Extracelular
Espaço Intracelular
Impedância Elétrica/uso terapêutico
-Congressos como Assunto
Responsável: PE1.1 - Oficina Universitária de Biblioteca


  9 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-609009
Autor: Roque, Fernanda R; Soci, Ursula Paula Renó; Angelis, Katia De; Coelho, Marcele A; Furstenau, Cristina R; Vassallo, Dalton V; Irigoyen, Maria Claudia; Oliveira, Edilamar M.
Título: Moderate exercise training promotes adaptations in coronary blood flow and adenosine production in normotensive rats
Fonte: Clinics;66(12):2105-2111, 2011. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . UPR Soci; . CNPq-PIBIC.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: Aerobic exercise training prevents cardiovascular risks. Regular exercise promotes functional and structural adaptations that are associated with several cardiovascular benefits. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of swimming training on coronary blood flow, adenosine production and cardiac capillaries in normotensive rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: control (C) and trained (T). An exercise protocol was performed for 10 weeks and 60 min/day with a tail overload of 5 percent bodyweight. Coronary blood flow was quantified with a color microsphere technique, and cardiac capillaries were quantified using light microscopy. Adenine nucleotide hydrolysis was evaluated by enzymatic activity, and protein expression was evaluated by western blot. The results are presented as the means ± SEMs (p<0.05). RESULTS: Exercise training increased the coronary blood flow and the myocardial capillary-to-fiber ratio. Moreover, the circulating and cardiac extracellular adenine nucleotide hydrolysis was higher in the trained rats than in the sedentary rats due to the increased activity and protein expression of enzymes, such as E-NTPDase and 59- nucleotidase. CONCLUSIONS: Swimming training increases coronary blood flow, number of cardiac capillaries, and adenine nucleotide hydrolysis. Increased adenosine production may be an important contributor to the enhanced coronary blood flow and angiogenesis that were observed in the exercise-trained rats; collectively, these results suggest improved myocardial perfusion.
Descritores: Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia
Adenosina/biossíntese
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
Capilares/fisiologia
Circulação Coronária/fisiologia
Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia
-Capilares/enzimologia
Espaço Extracelular/enzimologia
Distribuição Aleatória
Ratos Wistar
Natação/fisiologia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 68 LILACS  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Chile
Texto completo
Id: lil-572022
Autor: Aizman, Andrés; Larraín, Soledad; Rojas, Luis.
Título: Enfrentamiento de la hiponatremia: Más allá de la corrección del sodio. A propósito de un caso clínico / Secondary adrenal insufficiency presenting as hyponatremia: Report of one case
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;138(9):1144-1147, sept. 2010. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Hyponatremia can be a marker of an underlying disease. We report a 52 years-old male with Diabetes Mellitus who consulted for an episode of nausea and vomiting lasting four days. His baseline serum sodium was 118 mEq/L. He had no neurological deficit. Hyponatremia was initially interpreted in context of gastrointestinal fluid loss but correction with saline solution was poor. His urine sodium was 105 mEq/L and his urine osmolality was 281 mOsm/L, so an Inappropriate Secretion of Antidiuretic Hormone Syndrome was suspected. Later, we found that the patient had a two year history of fatigue, weakness, anorexia, frequent nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, loss of libido and decreased axillary and pubic hair. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) was normal and serum Cortisol < 1 µg/dL. A CT scan showed a sellar mass compatible with a macroadenoma. There was also a moderately high serum prolactin and low testosterone, thyroxin and growth hormone levels. The visual fi eld exami-nation showed right temporal hemianopsia. The patient was treated with steroids with a very good clinical response and serum sodium normalization. Subsequently a transsphenoidal excision of the tumor was performed and replacement of the other hormones was started. Now the patient remains asymptomatic.
Descritores: Insuficiência Adrenal/complicações
Hiponatremia/etiologia
-Adenoma/diagnóstico
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico
Insuficiência Adrenal/diagnóstico
/complicações
DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE TEMEFOS/complicações
Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo
Hidrocortisona/sangue
Hiponatremia/diagnóstico
Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD/diagnóstico
Tireotropina/sangue
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central



página 1 de 7 ir para página                  
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde