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Pesquisa : A18.024.500.750 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1224606
Autor: Ji, Jing; Shi, Shengqing; Chen, Wei; Xie, Tiantian; Du, Changjian; Sun, Jiacheng; Shi, Zheng; Gao, Rongfu; Jiang, Zeping; Xiao, Wenfa.
Título: Effects of exogenous γ-Aminobutyric acid on the regulation of respiration and protein expression in germinating seeds of mungbean (Vigna radiata) under salt conditions
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;47:1-9, sept. 2020. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . National Key Research and Development Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China; . Research Funds of Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation of State Forestry Administration; . Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Non-Profit Research Institution of CAF.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) bypasses the TCA cycle via GABA shunt, suggesting a relationship with respiration. However, little is known about its role in seed germination under salt conditions. RESULTS: In this study, exogenous GABA was shown to have almost no influence on mungbean seed germination, except 0.1 mM at 10 h, while it completely alleviated the inhibition of germination by salt treatment. Seed respiration was significantly inhibited by 0.1 and 0.5 mM GABA, but was evidently enhanced under salt treatment, whereas both were promoted by 1 mM GABA alone or with salt treatment. Mitochondrial respiration also showed a similar trend at 0.1 mM GABA. Moreover, proteomic analysis further showed that 43 annotated proteins were affected by exogenous GABA, even 0.1 mM under salt treatment, including complexes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides new evidence that GABA may act as a signal molecule in regulating respiration of mungbean seed germination in response to salt stress.
Descritores: Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Vigna
Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
-Respiração
Estresse Fisiológico
Proteínas
Germinação
Proteômica
Tolerância ao Sal
Estresse Salino
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  2 / 778 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1049076
Autor: Espinosa-Hernández, Edgar; Morales-Camacho, Jocksan Ismael; Fernández-Velasco, D. Alejandro; Benítez-Cardoza, Claudia G; Rosas-Cárdenas, Flor de Fátima; Luna-Suárez, Silvia.
Título: The insertion of bioactive peptides at the C-terminal end of an 11S globulin changes the structural stability and improves the antihypertensive activity
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;37:18-24, Jan. 2019. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Secretaría de Investigación y Posgrado IPN, México; . Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, México.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: The 11S globulin from amaranth is the most abundant storage protein in mature seeds and is well recognized for its nutritional value. We used this globulin to engineer a new protein by adding a four valinetyrosine antihypertensive peptide at its C-terminal end to improve its functionality. The new protein was named AMR5 and expressed in the Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL strain using a custom medium (F8PW) designed for this work. RESULTS: The alternative medium allowed for the production of 652 mg/L expressed protein at the flask level, mostly in an insoluble form, and this protein was subjected to in vitro refolding. The spectrometric analysis suggests that the protein adopts a ß/α structure with a small increment of α-helix conformation relative to the native amaranth 11S globulin. Thermal and urea denaturation experiments determined apparent Tm and C1/2 values of 50.4°C and 3.04 M, respectively, thus indicating that the antihypertensive peptide insertion destabilized the modified protein relative to the native one. AMR5 hydrolyzed by trypsin and chymotrypsin showed 14- and 1.3-fold stronger inhibitory activity against angiotensin I-converting enzyme (IC50 of 0.034 mg/mL) than the unmodified protein and the previously reported amaranth acidic subunit modified with antihypertensive peptides, respectively. CONCLUSION: The inserted peptide decreases the structural stability of amaranth 11S globulin and improves its antihypertensive activity.
Descritores: Peptídeos/metabolismo
Proteínas/metabolismo
Globulinas/metabolismo
Anti-Hipertensivos/metabolismo
-Sementes
Temperatura
Meios de Cultura
Amaranthus
Estabilidade Proteica
Compostos Fitoquímicos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  3 / 778 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1048922
Autor: Kobus-Cisowska, Joanna; Szymanowska, Daria; Maciejewska, Paulina; Kmiecik, Dominik; Gramza-Michalowska, Anna; Kulczynski, Bartosz; Cielecka-Piontek, Judyta.
Título: In vitro screening for acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition and antimicrobial activity of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica)
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;37:1-10, Jan. 2019. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Chia seeds are gaining increasing interest among food producers and consumers because of their prohealth properties. RESULTS: The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of chia seeds to act as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors. The highest inhibitory activity against AChE and BChE was observed for colored seed ethanol extracts. A positive correlation was found between the presence of quercetin and isoquercetin as well as protocatechuic, hydroxybenzoic, and coumaric acids and the activity of extracts as AChE and BChE inhibitors. It has also been shown that grain fragmentation affects the increase in the activity of seeds against cholinesterases (ChE). Furthermore, seeds have been shown to be a source of substances that inhibit microbial growth. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that the chia seed extracts are rich in polyphenols and inhibit the activity of ChEs; therefore, their use can be considered in further research in the field of treatment and prevention of neurodegenerative diseases.
Descritores: Sementes/química
Butirilcolinesterase
Inibidores da Colinesterase
Salvia/química
Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo
-Técnicas In Vitro
Flavonóis/análise
Compostos Fenólicos/análise
Polifenóis/análise
Aditivos Alimentares
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-676158
Autor: Amini Mahabadi, J; Hassani Bafrani, H; Nikzad, H; Taherian, A; Salehi, M.
Título: Effect of diet contains sesame seed on adult Wistar rat testis / Efecto de la dieta con semillas de sésamo sobre el testículo de la rata Wistar adulta
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;31(1):197-202, mar. 2013. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Studies show that some antioxidants are effective in improving male infertility. According to several antioxidant compounds that exist in sesame seed, this study was designed and carried out to the effects of sesame seed diet consumption on adult male rats testis structure and sex hormones. This experimental study was carried out on 30 adults Wistar rat, 200 g that obtained from laboratory animal center at Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Rats were divided into experimental and control groups randomly. The control group received standard diet and experimental group received diet containing 70% standard diet and 30% sesame seed after weaning for 12 weeks. At the end of the study, testis weight and volume were measured and seminiferous tubules; lumen epithelium diameter, LH, FSH and testosterone concentrations were evaluated. Data was analyzed by SPSS software and t-test. P< 0.05 was considered to significant level. Bodyweight rats, weight and volume testis and percentage volume seminiferous tubules vessels in two groups were not significant. The mean cells number and motility of sperm in left epididym, number of cells epithelium and percentage volume of epithelial, lumen and interstitial of this tubules were extremely significant (P<0.0001) in the experimental group compared to control. LH concentration increased significantly in the experimental group compared to control (P<0.03). Sesame seed intake improved testicular parameters, fertility and sperm production in males.

Estudios demuestran que algunos antioxidantes son eficaces en la mejora de la infertilidad masculina. Debido a la presencia de varios compuestos antioxidantes que existen en la semilla de sésamo, este estudio fue diseñado y realizado para evaluar los efectos de su consumo sobre la estructura testicular y las hormonas sexuales de ratas macho adultas. Se utilizaron 30 ratas Wistar adultas de 200 g obtenidas desde el centro laboratorio animal de Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Las ratas se dividieron en grupos experimental y de control. El grupo control recibió una dieta estándar y el grupo experimental una dieta que contenía 70% de dieta estándar y 30% de semillas de sésamo, después del destete durante 12 semanas. Al final del estudio, se midieron el peso y volumen de los testículos y túbulos seminíferos, diámetro luminal epitelial, y las concentraciones de LH, FSH y testosterona. Los datos fueron analizados mediante t-test con el programa SPSS. Fue considerado significativo un valor P<0,05. El peso corporal de las ratas, peso y volumen testicular, y el porcentaje volumétrico de los túbulos seminíferos en los dos grupos no fue significativo. La media del número de células y la motilidad de los espermatozoides en epidídimo izquierdo, número de células del epitelio y porcentaje volumétrico del epitelio, y lumen intersticial de los túbulos fueron significativos (P<0,0001) en el grupo experimental en comparación con el control. La concentración de LH aumentó significativamente en el grupo experimental en comparación con el control (P<0,03). La ingesta de semillas de sésamo mejora de los parámetros testiculares, la fertilidad y la producción de espermatozoides en machos.
Descritores: Sementes/química
Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
Sesamum/química
Dieta
Antioxidantes/farmacologia
-Tamanho do Órgão
Túbulos Seminíferos/efeitos dos fármacos
Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais
Espermatozoides
Peso Corporal
Ratos Wistar
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-676167
Autor: Mahabadi J, Amini; Khodayari, M; Bafrani H, Hassani; Nikzad, H; Taherian, A.
Título: Effect of diet contains sesame seed on epididymal histology of adult rat / Efecto de la dieta con semillas de sésamo sobre la histología del epidídimo de la rata adulta
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;31(1):264-270, mar. 2013. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Sesamin is a major lignan constituent of sesame seed and considered as a key factor in a number of beneficial effects on human health. Sesame leaves intake improve and increase epididymal spermatocytes reserve in adult male sprague dawley rat. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of contain sesame seed on epididymis histologhical structure. Thirty adult male rats were divided into two groups of 15 rats each. The regimen group received diet containing 30% sesame seed, while the control group received diet along 12 weeks. The right epididymis were removed and minced into several pieces on a specimen bottle containing normal saline for some few minutes to allow the sperms to become motile and swim out and sperm parameters were analyzed. Left epididymis were divided into three sections and fixed into bouin,s solution for further investigation. Serum FSH and LH concentration were estimated by ELISA technique, Testosterone concentration was done by using Chemo-Luminance method. The body weight gained during the treatment period did not differ significantly among groups. The mean epididymal sperm motility and count of the experimental group was significantly higher than control group. LH levels significantly increased in experimental group compared to controls but significant changes in FSH and testosterone levels were not observed in both groups. The results obtained showed that the mean epididymal diameter of the tubular, lumen and epithelium in three parts were not significant in two groups. It can be concluded that sesame seed improves sperm parameters (motility and count) and also can increase LH. But diet contains sesame seed did not affect on epididymal tissue and body weight.

La sesamina es un importante componente de los lignanos en las semillas de sésamo, y se considera un factor clave en una serie de efectos beneficiosos para la salud humana. La ingesta de sésamo podría mejorar y aumentar la reserva de espermatocitos en el epidídimo en ratas macho adultas Sprague Dawley. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos de una dieta que contiene semillas de sésamo sobre la histología del epidídimo de rata Wistar adultas. Treinta ratas macho fueron divididas en dos grupos de 15 animales. El grupo con régimen especial recibió una dieta que contuvo 30% de semillas de sésamo, mientras que el grupo control recibió una dieta estándar durante 12 semanas. El epidídimo del lado derecho fue removido y se cortó y maceró en varios trozos sobre un recipiente de vidrio conteniendo una solución salina normal, durante algunos minutos para permitir que los espermatozoides se volvieran móviles y nadaran fuera; luego los parámetros espermáticos fueron analizados. El epidídimo del lado izquierdo se dividió en tres secciones y se fijó en solución de Bouin para análisis adicionales. Las concentraciones séricas de FSH y LH se estimaron mediante la técnica ELISA, y la concentración de testosterona mediante el método quimioluminencia. El peso corporal obtenido durante el período de tratamiento no difirió significativamente entre los grupos. La motilidad media de espermatozoides del epidídimo y recuento del grupo experimental fue significativamente mayor que el grupo control. Los niveles de LH fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo experimental; no se observaron cambios significativos en los niveles de FSH y testosterona en ningún grupos. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que el diámetro medio del epidídimo, lumen y epitelio en tres partes diferentes no mostraron cambios significativas en ambos grupos. Se puede concluir que las semillas de sésamo mejoran los parámetros espermáticos (motilidad y recuento), y también puede aumentar la LH. Sin embargo, la dieta que contiene semillas de sésamo no afectó el tejido del epidídimo y peso corporal.
Descritores: Sementes/química
Sesamum/química
Dieta
Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos
-Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
Peso Corporal
Ratos Wistar
Lignanas
Hormônios
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  6 / 778 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-990033
Autor: Azubuike, Nkiruka C; Okwuosa, Chukwugozie N; Maduakor, Uzoamaka C; Onwukwe, Okechukwu S; Onyemelukwe, Anulika O; Ogu, Cornelius O; Ikele, Ikenna T; Oparah, Chioma L; Akande, Adeniyi.
Título: Effects of methanolic extract of Brassica juncea seeds on biochemical parameters and histological integrity of the heart and liver of albino rats / Efectos del extracto metanólico de las semillas de Brassica juncea sobre los parámetros bioquímicos y la integridad histológica del corazón y el hígado de ratas albinas
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(1):237-240, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) seeds are consumed in treatment of high blood pressure, headache and prevention of heart disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of methanol extract of Brassica juncea seeds [BJME] on the heart and liver of adult Albino Wistar rats. A total of 24 albino rats of both sexes were divided into 6 groups [I - VI] of 4 rats per group. Groups I to IV received graded doses of the methanol extract by oral gavage while groups V and VI (controls) received 2 ml/kg body weight of 3 % Tween 80 and water respectively via oral gavage once daily. Treatment lasted for four weeks and the serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were estimated. The animals were sacrificed and the heart and liver tissues were excised for further histological processing for light microscopy. There was significant increase in AST and ALT levels following BJME treatment when compared to the controls. ALP activity did not differ significantly among the treatment and control groups. Histopathological changes consistent with toxic injury were observed in the heart and liver tissues of BJME- treated rats. In conclusion, the results of this study show that sub-acute administration of methanol seed extract of Brassica juncea can exert cardiotoxic and hepatotoxic effects in rats.

RESUMEN: Las semillas de Brassica juncea (mostaza india) se consumen en el tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial, el dolor de cabeza y la prevención de enfermedades del corazón. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar los efectos del extracto de metanol de semillas de Brassica juncea [BJME] en el corazón y el hígado de ratas Albino Wistar adultas. Un total de 24 ratas albinas de ambos sexos se dividieron en 6 grupos [I - VI] de 4 ratas por grupo. Los grupos I a IV recibieron dosis del extracto de metanol por sonda oral progresivamente, mientras que los grupos V y VI (control) recibieron 2 ml / kg de peso corporal de 3 % de 80 y agua, respectivamente, por sonda oral una vez al día. El tratamiento duró cuatro semanas y se estimaronlos niveles séricos de aspartato transaminasa (AST), alanina transaminasa (ALT) y fosfatasa alcalina (ALP). Los animales se sacrificaron y fueron analizados los tejidos del corazón y el hígado, para un procesamiento histológico adicional con microscopía óptica. Hubo un aumento significativo en los niveles de AST y ALT después del tratamiento con BJME en comparación con los controles. La actividad de ALP no difirió significativamente entre los grupos de tratamiento y control. Se observaron cambios histopatológicos compatibles con lesiones tóxicas en los tejidos del corazón y el hígado de ratas tratadas con BJME. En conclusión, los resultados de este estudio muestran que la administración subaguda de extracto de semilla de metanol de Brassica juncea puede ejercer efectos cardiotóxicos y hepatotóxicos en ratas.
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Metanol/farmacologia
Coração/efeitos dos fármacos
Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos
Mostardeira/química
-Aspartato Aminotransferases/análise
Sementes
Fatores de Tempo
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Ratos Wistar
Alanina Transaminase/análise
Metanol/administração & dosagem
Fosfatase Alcalina/análise
Limites: Animais
Ratos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-950715
Autor: Sytar, Oksana; Borankulova, Asel; Hemmerich, Irene; Rauh, Cornelia; Smetanska, Iryna.
Título: Effect of chlorocholine chlorid on phenolic acids accumulation and polyphenols formation of buckwheat plants
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-7, 2014. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Effect of chlorocholine chloride (CCC) on phenolic acids composition and polyphenols accumulation in various anatomical parts (stems, leaves and inflorescences) of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) in the early stages of vegetation period were surveyed. RESULTS: Treatment of buckwheat seeds with 2% of CCC has been increased content of total phenolics in the stems, leaves and inflorescences. On analyzing the different parts of buckwheat plants, 9 different phenolic acids - vanilic acid, ferulic acid, trans-ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, salycilic acid, cinamic acid, p-coumaric acid, p-anisic acid, methoxycinamic acid and catechins were identified. The levels of identified phenolic acids varied not only significantly among the plant organs but also between early stages of vegetation period. Same changes as in contents of chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, trans-ferulic acid were found for content of salycilic acid. The content of these phenolic acids has been significant increased under effect of 2% CCC treatment at the phase I (formation of buds) in the stems and at the phase II (beginning of flowering) in the leaves and then inflorescences respectively. The content of catechins as potential buckwheat antioxidants has been increased at the early stages of vegetation period after treatment with 2% CCC. CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results suggest that influence of CCC on the phenolics composition can be a result of various mechanisms of CCC uptake, transforming and/or its translocation in the buckwheat seedlings.
Descritores: Clormequat/farmacologia
Fagopyrum/efeitos dos fármacos
Polifenóis/biossíntese
Hidroxibenzoatos/metabolismo
-Propionatos
Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos
Sementes/metabolismo
Catequina/análise
Ácido Clorogênico/análise
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Compostos de Tungstênio
Caules de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos
Caules de Planta/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
Fagopyrum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Fagopyrum/metabolismo
Ácidos Cumáricos/análise
Inflorescência/efeitos dos fármacos
Inflorescência/metabolismo
Éteres de Hidroxibenzoatos/análise
Hidroxibenzoatos/química
Molibdênio
Antioxidantes/análise
Antioxidantes/metabolismo
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-950719
Autor: Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad; Ahmad, Shakeel; Bukhari, Shazia Anwer; Amarowicz, Ryszard; Ercisli, Sezai; Jaafar, Hawa ZE.
Título: Compositional studies and biological activities of some mash bean (Vigna mungo (L) Hepper) cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-14, 2014. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: In recent years, the desire to adopt a healthy diet has drawn attention to legume seeds and food products derived from them. Mash bean is an important legume crop used in Pakistan however a systematic mapping of the chemical composition of mash bean seeds is lacking. Therefore seeds of four mash bean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper, family Leguminoseae) cultivars (NARC-Mash-1, NARC-Mash-2, NARC-Mash-3, NARC-Mash-97) commonly consumed in Pakistan have been analyzed for their chemical composition, antioxidant potential and biological activities like inhibition of formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) activity and tyrosinase inhibition activity. RESULTS: The investigated cultivars varied in terms of biochemical composition to various extents. Mineral composition indicated potassium and zinc in highest and lowest amounts respectively, in all cultivars. The amino acid profile in protein of these cultivars suggested cysteine is present in lowest quantity in all cultivars while fatty acid distribution pattern indicated unsaturated fatty acids as major fatty acids in all cultivars. All cultivars were found to be rich source of tocopherols and sterols. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) fingerprints of seed flour and extracts indicated major functional groups such as polysaccharides, lipids, amides, amines and amino acids. Results indicated that all investigated cultivars possessed appreciable antioxidant potential. CONCLUSIONS: All cultivars are rich source of protein and possess sufficient content of dietary fiber, a balanced amino acid profile, low saturated fatty acids and antioxidant capacity that rationalizes many traditional uses of seeds of this crop besides its nutritional importance. The collected data will be useful for academic and corporate researchers, nutritionists and clinical dieticians as well as consumers. If proper attention is paid, it may become an important export commodity and may fetch considerable foreign exchange for Pakistan.
Descritores: Sementes/química
Produtos Agrícolas/química
Fabaceae/química
-Paquistão
Fenóis/análise
Riboflavina/análise
Sementes/metabolismo
Esteróis/análise
Taninos/análise
Tiamina/análise
Oligoelementos/análise
Flavonoides/análise
Extratos Vegetais/química
Sequestradores de Radicais Livres
Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo
Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo
Substâncias Redutoras/metabolismo
Cisteína/análise
Tocoferóis/análise
Fabaceae/metabolismo
Niacina/análise
Antioxidantes/metabolismo
Valor Nutritivo
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  9 / 778 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1132183
Autor: Atik, Didem Sözeri; Demirci, Talha; Öztürk, Hale İnci; Demirci, Sümeyye; Sert, Durmuş; Akın, Nihat.
Título: Chia Seed Mucilage Versus Guar Gum: Effects on Microstructural, Textural, and Antioxidative Properties of Set-Type Yoghurts
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;63:e20190702, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Texture is an important parameter which influences on the quality and acceptability of yoghurts. The utilize of stabilizers in yoghurt manufacturing has become a prevalent application to improve the textural properties of yoghurts. In this context, guar gum obtained from Cyamopsis tetragonolobus is generally used as a natural stabilizer for its thickening and gelling properties. Accordingly, this study evaluated the use of chia seed mucilage as an alternative to guar gum to improve the textural properties of yoghurt. This study focused on the effect of using chia seed mucilage (CSM) and guar gum (GG) at 1, 2, and 3% concentrations on the textural and microstructural characteristics of yoghurts. The results of fortifications with CSM and GG on the physicochemical, sensory, and antioxidative properties of yoghurts were also evaluated. Compared to GG, CSM provided higher antioxidant activity which improved with increasing concentrations of CSM. An enhancement was observed in textural properties of yoghurts containing CSM and GG, but CSM concentrations up to 2% gave better effect on firmness. Besides, the microstructure of yoghurt was enhanced depending on the increase in CSM and GG amounts. No negative effect was determined on the sensory properties of the samples by CSM and GG additions. The results showed that CSM can be used in set-type yoghurt production as an alternative stabilizer by improving firmness and consistency and reducing syneresis. Furthermore, its use is suitable for industrial yoghurt production with regards to sensorial properties.
Descritores: Sementes
Sensação
Iogurte/análise
Salvia
Mucilagem Vegetal
Tecnologia de Alimentos
Antioxidantes/análise
-Cyamopsis
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1132210
Autor: Silva, Mariana Aguiar; Nascente, Adriano Stephan; Filippi, Marta Cristina Corsi de; Lanna, Anna Cristina; Silva, Gisele Barata da; Fernandes, João Pedro Tavares; Elias, Marina Teixeira Arriel.
Título: Screening of Beneficial Microorganisms to Improve Soybean Growth and Yield
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;63:e20190463, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq; . FAPEG.
Resumo: Abstract The objective of this research was to identify the best microorganisms, alone or in mixture for total biomass gain (root + shoot), positive change in gas exchange, nutrient uptake (root, shoot and grain) and yield and yield components in the soybean crop. Trial under greenhouse conditions had the experimental design in a completely randomized scheme with 26 treatments and four replicates. The treatments consisted of the rhizobacteria BRM 32109, BRM 32110 and 1301 (Bacillus sp.), BRM 32111 and BRM 32112 (Pseudomonas sp.), BRM 32113 (Burkholderia sp.), BRM 32114 (Serratia sp.), Ab-V5 (Azospirillum brasilense) and 1381 (Azospirillum sp.), and the fungus Trichoderma asperellum (a mix of the isolates UFRA.T06, UFRA.T09, UFRA.T12 and UFRA.T52). Besides, the same isolates were combined in pairs, completing 16 combinations. Control treatments received no microorganism. Microorganisms applied isolated or in combination, provided biomass gain, positive gas exchange, increases in nutrients uptake at the shoot and grain, and improved grain yield and its components than control plants. Stood out the combination Ab-V5 + T. asperellum pool, which provided a 25% improvement in grain yield.
Descritores: Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Soja/microbiologia
-Biomassa
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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